Abstract

Terahertz generation by optical rectification of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in a 40-$\mu$m thick LiNbO$_3$ layer attached to an output Si prism has been experimentally investigated for different laser wavelengths from 800 to 2100 nm. For longer wavelengths, the saturation of the optical-to-terahertz conversion efficiency has been observed at higher laser pulse energies, thus enabling higher efficiencies. In particular, record high conversion efficiency of 1.3% has been achieved with 30-$\mu$J laser pulse energy at 2100 nm.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Highly efficient optical-to-terahertz conversion in a sandwich structure with LiNbO3 core

S. B. Bodrov, A. N. Stepanov, M. I. Bakunov, B. V. Shishkin, I. E. Ilyakov, and R. A. Akhmedzhanov
Opt. Express 17(3) 1871-1879 (2009)

Asymmetric Cherenkov radiation for improved terahertz generation in the Si-prism-coupled LiNbO3 layer

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, and E. V. Svinkina
Opt. Lett. 39(24) 6779-6782 (2014)

Terahertz Cherenkov radiation from a tightly focused ultrashort laser pulse in an electro-optic medium

S. A. Sychugin, E. A. Mashkovich, A. V. Maslov, and M. I. Bakunov
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36(4) 1101-1107 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. A. Walsh, D. S. Lake, E. W. Snedden, M. J. Cliffe, D. M. Graham, and S. P. Jamison, “Demonstration of sub-luminal propagation of single-cycle terahertz pulses for particle acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 421 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  3. D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 14963 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  6. P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Kampfrath, A. K. Zvezdin, A. V. Kimel, R. Huber, and R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, “Nonlinear spin control by terahertz-driven anisotropy fields,” Nat. Photonics 10(11), 715–718 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  9. I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Z. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large-area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  14. S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20155–20163 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. G. A. Askar’yan, “Cerenkov radiation and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 15, 943–946 (1962).
  17. D. A. Bagdasarian, A. O. Makarian, and P. S. Pogosian, “Cerenkov radiation from a propagating nonlinear polarization wave,” JEPT Lett. 37, 594–596 (1983).
  18. D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 81(1), 23–26 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. B. Bodrov, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Hangyo, “Efficient Cherenkov emission of broadband terahertz radiation from an ultrashort laser pulse in a sandwich structure with nonlinear core,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(9), 093105 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. S. B. Bodrov, A. N. Stepanov, M. I. Bakunov, B. V. Shishkin, I. E. Ilyakov, and R. A. Akhmedzhanov, “Highly efficient optical-to-terahertz conversion in a sandwich structure with LN core,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1871–1879 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  23. K. Suizu, K. Koketsu, T. Shibuya, T. Tsutsui, T. Akiba, and K. Kawase, “Extremely frequency-widened terahertz wave generation using Cherenkov-type radiation,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6676–6681 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  24. M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Si-LN-air-metal structure for concentrated terahertz emission from ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 98(1), 1–4 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification in Si-LN-air-metal sandwich structure with variable air gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(20), 201114 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  26. M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, “Efficient Cherenkov-type terahertz generation in Si-prism-LN-slab structure pumped by nanojoule-level ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151102 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  27. S. Fan, H. Takeuchi, T. Ouchi, K. Takeya, and K. Kawase, “Broadband terahertz wave generation from a MgO:LN ridge waveguide pumped by a 1.5 $\mu$μm femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1654–1656 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  28. K. Takeya, T. Minami, H. Okano, S. R. Tripathi, and K. Kawase, “Enhanced Cherenkov phase matching terahertz wave generation via a magnesium oxide doped lithium niobate ridged waveguide crystal,” APL Photonics 2(1), 016102 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  29. J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  30. M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and E. A. Mashkovich, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses: dynamic theory for low-absorbing crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1724–1734 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  31. M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses in a contact-grating scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(11), 2549–2557 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  32. F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 $\mu$μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(24), 241106 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  33. J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszai, G. Andriukatis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3(10), 1075–1078 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  34. G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Gäumann, E. J. Rohwer, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, T. Feurer, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “High-energy terahertz pulses from semiconductors pumped beyond the three-photon absorption edge,” Opt. Express 24(21), 23872–23882 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  35. O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO$_3$3,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  36. D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and C. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7(10), 2006–2015 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  37. Q. Meng, B. Zhang, S. Zhong, and L. Zhu, “Damage threshold of lithium niobate crystal under single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Phys. A 122(6), 582 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  38. Z. Su, Q. Meng, and B. Zhang, “Analysis on the damage threshold of MgO:LiNbO$_3$3 crystals under multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. 60, 443–449 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  39. M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, and M. Aillerie, “Frequency and wavelength dependences of electro-optic coefficients in inorganic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 765–769 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  40. A. Riefer, S. Sanna, A. V. Gavrilenko, and W. G. Schmidt, “Linear and nonlinear optical response of LiNbO$_3$3 calculated from first principles,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelect., Freq. Contr. 59(9), 1929–1933 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  41. R. Schiek and T. Pertsch, “Absolute measurement of the quadratic nonlinear susceptibility of lithium niobate in waveguides,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(2), 126–139 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  42. M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and M. Hangyo, “Theory of terahertz generation in a slab of electro-optic material using an ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085346 (2007).
    [Crossref]

2018 (3)

D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 14963 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. A. Walsh, D. S. Lake, E. W. Snedden, M. J. Cliffe, D. M. Graham, and S. P. Jamison, “Demonstration of sub-luminal propagation of single-cycle terahertz pulses for particle acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 421 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Takeya, T. Minami, H. Okano, S. R. Tripathi, and K. Kawase, “Enhanced Cherenkov phase matching terahertz wave generation via a magnesium oxide doped lithium niobate ridged waveguide crystal,” APL Photonics 2(1), 016102 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Kampfrath, A. K. Zvezdin, A. V. Kimel, R. Huber, and R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, “Nonlinear spin control by terahertz-driven anisotropy fields,” Nat. Photonics 10(11), 715–718 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszai, G. Andriukatis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3(10), 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Gäumann, E. J. Rohwer, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, T. Feurer, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “High-energy terahertz pulses from semiconductors pumped beyond the three-photon absorption edge,” Opt. Express 24(21), 23872–23882 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Meng, B. Zhang, S. Zhong, and L. Zhu, “Damage threshold of lithium niobate crystal under single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Phys. A 122(6), 582 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, Q. Meng, and B. Zhang, “Analysis on the damage threshold of MgO:LiNbO$_3$3 crystals under multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. 60, 443–449 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

2013 (4)

S. Fan, H. Takeuchi, T. Ouchi, K. Takeya, and K. Kawase, “Broadband terahertz wave generation from a MgO:LN ridge waveguide pumped by a 1.5 $\mu$μm femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1654–1656 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification in Si-LN-air-metal sandwich structure with variable air gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(20), 201114 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, “Efficient Cherenkov-type terahertz generation in Si-prism-LN-slab structure pumped by nanojoule-level ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Riefer, S. Sanna, A. V. Gavrilenko, and W. G. Schmidt, “Linear and nonlinear optical response of LiNbO$_3$3 calculated from first principles,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelect., Freq. Contr. 59(9), 1929–1933 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Schiek and T. Pertsch, “Absolute measurement of the quadratic nonlinear susceptibility of lithium niobate in waveguides,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(2), 126–139 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and E. A. Mashkovich, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses: dynamic theory for low-absorbing crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1724–1734 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Si-LN-air-metal structure for concentrated terahertz emission from ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 98(1), 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

S. B. Bodrov, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Hangyo, “Efficient Cherenkov emission of broadband terahertz radiation from an ultrashort laser pulse in a sandwich structure with nonlinear core,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(9), 093105 (2008).
[Crossref]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO$_3$3,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and M. Hangyo, “Theory of terahertz generation in a slab of electro-optic material using an ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085346 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 81(1), 23–26 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, and M. Aillerie, “Frequency and wavelength dependences of electro-optic coefficients in inorganic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 765–769 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1990 (1)

1984 (1)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

D. A. Bagdasarian, A. O. Makarian, and P. S. Pogosian, “Cerenkov radiation from a propagating nonlinear polarization wave,” JEPT Lett. 37, 594–596 (1983).

1962 (1)

G. A. Askar’yan, “Cerenkov radiation and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 15, 943–946 (1962).

Abarkan, M.

M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, and M. Aillerie, “Frequency and wavelength dependences of electro-optic coefficients in inorganic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 765–769 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ahr, F.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Aillerie, M.

M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, and M. Aillerie, “Frequency and wavelength dependences of electro-optic coefficients in inorganic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 765–769 (2003).
[Crossref]

Akhmedzhanov, R. A.

Akiba, T.

Almási, G.

Andriukaitis, G.

Andriukatis, G.

Arie, A.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO$_3$3,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Arthur, G.

Askar’yan, G. A.

G. A. Askar’yan, “Cerenkov radiation and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 15, 943–946 (1962).

Auston, D. H.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Bagdasarian, D. A.

D. A. Bagdasarian, A. O. Makarian, and P. S. Pogosian, “Cerenkov radiation from a propagating nonlinear polarization wave,” JEPT Lett. 37, 594–596 (1983).

Baierl, S.

S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Kampfrath, A. K. Zvezdin, A. V. Kimel, R. Huber, and R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, “Nonlinear spin control by terahertz-driven anisotropy fields,” Nat. Photonics 10(11), 715–718 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bakunov, M. I.

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses in a contact-grating scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(11), 2549–2557 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, “Efficient Cherenkov-type terahertz generation in Si-prism-LN-slab structure pumped by nanojoule-level ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and E. A. Mashkovich, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses: dynamic theory for low-absorbing crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1724–1734 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Si-LN-air-metal structure for concentrated terahertz emission from ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 98(1), 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. N. Stepanov, M. I. Bakunov, B. V. Shishkin, I. E. Ilyakov, and R. A. Akhmedzhanov, “Highly efficient optical-to-terahertz conversion in a sandwich structure with LN core,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1871–1879 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Hangyo, “Efficient Cherenkov emission of broadband terahertz radiation from an ultrashort laser pulse in a sandwich structure with nonlinear core,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(9), 093105 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and M. Hangyo, “Theory of terahertz generation in a slab of electro-optic material using an ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085346 (2007).
[Crossref]

Balciunas, T.

Baltuska, A.

Behrens, C.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Beigang, R.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, F.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 $\mu$μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(24), 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bodrov, S. B.

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses in a contact-grating scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(11), 2549–2557 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification in Si-LN-air-metal sandwich structure with variable air gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(20), 201114 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and E. A. Mashkovich, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses: dynamic theory for low-absorbing crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1724–1734 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Si-LN-air-metal structure for concentrated terahertz emission from ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 98(1), 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. N. Stepanov, M. I. Bakunov, B. V. Shishkin, I. E. Ilyakov, and R. A. Akhmedzhanov, “Highly efficient optical-to-terahertz conversion in a sandwich structure with LN core,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1871–1879 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Hangyo, “Efficient Cherenkov emission of broadband terahertz radiation from an ultrashort laser pulse in a sandwich structure with nonlinear core,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(9), 093105 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and M. Hangyo, “Theory of terahertz generation in a slab of electro-optic material using an ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085346 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bressler, C.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Calendron, A.-L.

D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cankaya, H.

D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cavalieri, A. L.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cheung, K. P.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Cliffe, M. J.

D. A. Walsh, D. S. Lake, E. W. Snedden, M. J. Cliffe, D. M. Graham, and S. P. Jamison, “Demonstration of sub-luminal propagation of single-cycle terahertz pulses for particle acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 421 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cooke, D. G.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 $\mu$μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(24), 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Costello, J. T.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Doi, A.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Düsterer, S.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fakhari, M.

D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fallahi, A.

D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

Fattinger, C.

Feurer, T.

Field, R. W.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fleischer, S.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fontana, M. D.

M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, and M. Aillerie, “Frequency and wavelength dependences of electro-optic coefficients in inorganic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 765–769 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fülöp, J. A.

Galun, E.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO$_3$3,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gäumann, G.

Gavrilenko, A. V.

A. Riefer, S. Sanna, A. V. Gavrilenko, and W. G. Schmidt, “Linear and nonlinear optical response of LiNbO$_3$3 calculated from first principles,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelect., Freq. Contr. 59(9), 1929–1933 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gayer, O.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO$_3$3,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gorelov, S. D.

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, “Efficient Cherenkov-type terahertz generation in Si-prism-LN-slab structure pumped by nanojoule-level ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Graham, D. M.

D. A. Walsh, D. S. Lake, E. W. Snedden, M. J. Cliffe, D. M. Graham, and S. P. Jamison, “Demonstration of sub-luminal propagation of single-cycle terahertz pulses for particle acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 421 (2017).
[Crossref]

Granados, E.

Grguraš, I.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Grischkowsky, D.

Hangyo, M.

S. B. Bodrov, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Hangyo, “Efficient Cherenkov emission of broadband terahertz radiation from an ultrashort laser pulse in a sandwich structure with nonlinear core,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(9), 093105 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and M. Hangyo, “Theory of terahertz generation in a slab of electro-optic material using an ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085346 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hebling, J.

Hemmer, M.

D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hirori, H.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, M. C.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hohenleutner, M.

S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Kampfrath, A. K. Zvezdin, A. V. Kimel, R. Huber, and R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, “Nonlinear spin control by terahertz-driven anisotropy fields,” Nat. Photonics 10(11), 715–718 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hong, K.-H.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, C.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hua, Y.

D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.-W.

Huang, W. R.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huber, R.

S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Kampfrath, A. K. Zvezdin, A. V. Kimel, R. Huber, and R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, “Nonlinear spin control by terahertz-driven anisotropy fields,” Nat. Photonics 10(11), 715–718 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ilyakov, I. E.

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification in Si-LN-air-metal sandwich structure with variable air gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(20), 201114 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. N. Stepanov, M. I. Bakunov, B. V. Shishkin, I. E. Ilyakov, and R. A. Akhmedzhanov, “Highly efficient optical-to-terahertz conversion in a sandwich structure with LN core,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1871–1879 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jamison, S. P.

D. A. Walsh, D. S. Lake, E. W. Snedden, M. J. Cliffe, D. M. Graham, and S. P. Jamison, “Demonstration of sub-luminal propagation of single-cycle terahertz pulses for particle acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 421 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, T.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kabachnik, N. M.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kampfrath, T.

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 14963 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Kampfrath, A. K. Zvezdin, A. V. Kimel, R. Huber, and R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, “Nonlinear spin control by terahertz-driven anisotropy fields,” Nat. Photonics 10(11), 715–718 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Karsch, S.

Kärtner, F. X.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kawase, K.

K. Takeya, T. Minami, H. Okano, S. R. Tripathi, and K. Kawase, “Enhanced Cherenkov phase matching terahertz wave generation via a magnesium oxide doped lithium niobate ridged waveguide crystal,” APL Photonics 2(1), 016102 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fan, H. Takeuchi, T. Ouchi, K. Takeya, and K. Kawase, “Broadband terahertz wave generation from a MgO:LN ridge waveguide pumped by a 1.5 $\mu$μm femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1654–1656 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Suizu, K. Koketsu, T. Shibuya, T. Tsutsui, T. Akiba, and K. Kawase, “Extremely frequency-widened terahertz wave generation using Cherenkov-type radiation,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6676–6681 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kazansky, A. K.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Keiding, S.

Kelly, T. J.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kimel, A. V.

S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Kampfrath, A. K. Zvezdin, A. V. Kimel, R. Huber, and R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, “Nonlinear spin control by terahertz-driven anisotropy fields,” Nat. Photonics 10(11), 715–718 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kleinman, D. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Klingebiel, S.

Koketsu, K.

Kozma, I. Z.

Krausz, F.

Kuhl, J.

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 81(1), 23–26 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Z. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large-area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lake, D. S.

D. A. Walsh, D. S. Lake, E. W. Snedden, M. J. Cliffe, D. M. Graham, and S. P. Jamison, “Demonstration of sub-luminal propagation of single-cycle terahertz pulses for particle acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 421 (2017).
[Crossref]

Legare, F.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 $\mu$μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(24), 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lombosi, C.

Lu, C.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ma, Z.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Maier, A. R.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Makarian, A. O.

D. A. Bagdasarian, A. O. Makarian, and P. S. Pogosian, “Cerenkov radiation from a propagating nonlinear polarization wave,” JEPT Lett. 37, 594–596 (1983).

Maki, K.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Malkov, Y. A.

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mashkovich, E. A.

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, “Efficient Cherenkov-type terahertz generation in Si-prism-LN-slab structure pumped by nanojoule-level ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and E. A. Mashkovich, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses: dynamic theory for low-absorbing crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1724–1734 (2011).
[Crossref]

Maslov, A. V.

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and M. Hangyo, “Theory of terahertz generation in a slab of electro-optic material using an ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085346 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mazza, T.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Meng, Q.

Q. Meng, B. Zhang, S. Zhong, and L. Zhu, “Damage threshold of lithium niobate crystal under single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Phys. A 122(6), 582 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, Q. Meng, and B. Zhang, “Analysis on the damage threshold of MgO:LiNbO$_3$3 crystals under multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. 60, 443–449 (2016).
[Crossref]

Meyer, M.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mikhaylovskiy, R. V.

S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Kampfrath, A. K. Zvezdin, A. V. Kimel, R. Huber, and R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, “Nonlinear spin control by terahertz-driven anisotropy fields,” Nat. Photonics 10(11), 715–718 (2016).
[Crossref]

Miller, R. J.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref]

Minami, T.

K. Takeya, T. Minami, H. Okano, S. R. Tripathi, and K. Kawase, “Enhanced Cherenkov phase matching terahertz wave generation via a magnesium oxide doped lithium niobate ridged waveguide crystal,” APL Photonics 2(1), 016102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mishra, P. K.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Monoszai, B.

Monoszlai, B.

Morandotti, R.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 $\mu$μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(24), 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Moriena, G.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mücke, O. D.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Murzanev, A. A.

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nanni, E. A.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nelson, K.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nelson, K. A.

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Okano, H.

K. Takeya, T. Minami, H. Okano, S. R. Tripathi, and K. Kawase, “Enhanced Cherenkov phase matching terahertz wave generation via a magnesium oxide doped lithium niobate ridged waveguide crystal,” APL Photonics 2(1), 016102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ollmann, Z.

Otani, C.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ouchi, T.

Ozaki, T.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 $\mu$μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(24), 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pálfalvi, L.

Pertsch, T.

Pogosian, P. S.

D. A. Bagdasarian, A. O. Makarian, and P. S. Pogosian, “Cerenkov radiation from a propagating nonlinear polarization wave,” JEPT Lett. 37, 594–596 (1983).

Polónyi, G.

Pugzlys, A.

Qi, F.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Qi, J.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Radcliffe, P.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rau, C.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ravi, K.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref]

Reichert, J.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Riefer, A.

A. Riefer, S. Sanna, A. V. Gavrilenko, and W. G. Schmidt, “Linear and nonlinear optical response of LiNbO$_3$3 calculated from first principles,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelect., Freq. Contr. 59(9), 1929–1933 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rohwer, E. J.

Ropagnol, X.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 $\mu$μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(24), 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sacks, Z.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO$_3$3,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sajadi, M.

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 14963 (2017).
[Crossref]

Salvestrini, J. P.

M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, and M. Aillerie, “Frequency and wavelength dependences of electro-optic coefficients in inorganic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 765–769 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sanna, S.

A. Riefer, S. Sanna, A. V. Gavrilenko, and W. G. Schmidt, “Linear and nonlinear optical response of LiNbO$_3$3 calculated from first principles,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelect., Freq. Contr. 59(9), 1929–1933 (2012).
[Crossref]

Santra, R.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Schiek, R.

Schlarb, H.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, B. E.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 $\mu$μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(24), 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, W. G.

A. Riefer, S. Sanna, A. V. Gavrilenko, and W. G. Schmidt, “Linear and nonlinear optical response of LiNbO$_3$3 calculated from first principles,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelect., Freq. Contr. 59(9), 1929–1933 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sergeev, Y. A.

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shi, J.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shi, Z.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shibuya, T.

Shishkin, B. V.

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification in Si-LN-air-metal sandwich structure with variable air gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(20), 201114 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. N. Stepanov, M. I. Bakunov, B. V. Shishkin, I. E. Ilyakov, and R. A. Akhmedzhanov, “Highly efficient optical-to-terahertz conversion in a sandwich structure with LN core,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1871–1879 (2009).
[Crossref]

Skrobol, C.

Snedden, E. W.

D. A. Walsh, D. S. Lake, E. W. Snedden, M. J. Cliffe, D. M. Graham, and S. P. Jamison, “Demonstration of sub-luminal propagation of single-cycle terahertz pulses for particle acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 421 (2017).
[Crossref]

Song, L.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Song, W.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, A. G.

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 81(1), 23–26 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, A. N.

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification in Si-LN-air-metal sandwich structure with variable air gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(20), 201114 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. N. Stepanov, M. I. Bakunov, B. V. Shishkin, I. E. Ilyakov, and R. A. Akhmedzhanov, “Highly efficient optical-to-terahertz conversion in a sandwich structure with LN core,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1871–1879 (2009).
[Crossref]

Su, Z.

Z. Su, Q. Meng, and B. Zhang, “Analysis on the damage threshold of MgO:LiNbO$_3$3 crystals under multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. 60, 443–449 (2016).
[Crossref]

Suizu, K.

Takeuchi, H.

Takeya, K.

K. Takeya, T. Minami, H. Okano, S. R. Tripathi, and K. Kawase, “Enhanced Cherenkov phase matching terahertz wave generation via a magnesium oxide doped lithium niobate ridged waveguide crystal,” APL Photonics 2(1), 016102 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fan, H. Takeuchi, T. Ouchi, K. Takeya, and K. Kawase, “Broadband terahertz wave generation from a MgO:LN ridge waveguide pumped by a 1.5 $\mu$μm femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1654–1656 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K.

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Theuer, M.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Thire, N.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 $\mu$μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(24), 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Thorwart, M.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Torosyan, G.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tripathi, S. R.

K. Takeya, T. Minami, H. Okano, S. R. Tripathi, and K. Kawase, “Enhanced Cherenkov phase matching terahertz wave generation via a magnesium oxide doped lithium niobate ridged waveguide crystal,” APL Photonics 2(1), 016102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tsarev, M. V.

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, “Efficient Cherenkov-type terahertz generation in Si-prism-LN-slab structure pumped by nanojoule-level ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tschentscher, T.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tsutsui, T.

Valdmanis, J. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

van Exter, M.

Walsh, D. A.

D. A. Walsh, D. S. Lake, E. W. Snedden, M. J. Cliffe, D. M. Graham, and S. P. Jamison, “Demonstration of sub-luminal propagation of single-cycle terahertz pulses for particle acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 421 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, R.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Welsch, R.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wolf, M.

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 14963 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.-J.

D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xiang, D.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yan, L.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zalden, P.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zapata, L. E.

Zhang, B.

Q. Meng, B. Zhang, S. Zhong, and L. Zhu, “Damage threshold of lithium niobate crystal under single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Phys. A 122(6), 582 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, Q. Meng, and B. Zhang, “Analysis on the damage threshold of MgO:LiNbO$_3$3 crystals under multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. 60, 443–449 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.-F.

D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhong, S.

Q. Meng, B. Zhang, S. Zhong, and L. Zhu, “Damage threshold of lithium niobate crystal under single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Phys. A 122(6), 582 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhu, L.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Meng, B. Zhang, S. Zhong, and L. Zhu, “Damage threshold of lithium niobate crystal under single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Phys. A 122(6), 582 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, P.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zvezdin, A. K.

S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Kampfrath, A. K. Zvezdin, A. V. Kimel, R. Huber, and R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, “Nonlinear spin control by terahertz-driven anisotropy fields,” Nat. Photonics 10(11), 715–718 (2016).
[Crossref]

APL Photonics (1)

K. Takeya, T. Minami, H. Okano, S. R. Tripathi, and K. Kawase, “Enhanced Cherenkov phase matching terahertz wave generation via a magnesium oxide doped lithium niobate ridged waveguide crystal,” APL Photonics 2(1), 016102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

Q. Meng, B. Zhang, S. Zhong, and L. Zhu, “Damage threshold of lithium niobate crystal under single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Phys. A 122(6), 582 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (4)

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO$_3$3,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Si-LN-air-metal structure for concentrated terahertz emission from ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 98(1), 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “THz generation via optical rectification with ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 81(1), 23–26 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, and M. Aillerie, “Frequency and wavelength dependences of electro-optic coefficients in inorganic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 765–769 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification in Si-LN-air-metal sandwich structure with variable air gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(20), 201114 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, “Efficient Cherenkov-type terahertz generation in Si-prism-LN-slab structure pumped by nanojoule-level ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 $\mu$μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(24), 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelect., Freq. Contr. (1)

A. Riefer, S. Sanna, A. V. Gavrilenko, and W. G. Schmidt, “Linear and nonlinear optical response of LiNbO$_3$3 calculated from first principles,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelect., Freq. Contr. 59(9), 1929–1933 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. B. Bodrov, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Hangyo, “Efficient Cherenkov emission of broadband terahertz radiation from an ultrashort laser pulse in a sandwich structure with nonlinear core,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(9), 093105 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

JEPT Lett. (1)

D. A. Bagdasarian, A. O. Makarian, and P. S. Pogosian, “Cerenkov radiation from a propagating nonlinear polarization wave,” JEPT Lett. 37, 594–596 (1983).

Nat. Commun. (4)

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. A. Walsh, D. S. Lake, E. W. Snedden, M. J. Cliffe, D. M. Graham, and S. P. Jamison, “Demonstration of sub-luminal propagation of single-cycle terahertz pulses for particle acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 421 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 14963 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (4)

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Kampfrath, A. K. Zvezdin, A. V. Kimel, R. Huber, and R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, “Nonlinear spin control by terahertz-driven anisotropy fields,” Nat. Photonics 10(11), 715–718 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

D.-F. Zhang, A. Fallahi, M. Hemmer, X.-J. Wu, M. Fakhari, Y. Hua, H. Cankaya, and A.-L. Calendron, “Segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator (STEAM),” Nat. Photonics 12(6), 336–342 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

Z. Su, Q. Meng, and B. Zhang, “Analysis on the damage threshold of MgO:LiNbO$_3$3 crystals under multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. 60, 443–449 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and M. Hangyo, “Theory of terahertz generation in a slab of electro-optic material using an ultrashort laser pulse focused to a line,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085346 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

L. Zhao, Z. Wang, C. Lu, R. Wang, C. Hu, P. Wang, J. Qi, T. Jiang, S. Liu, Z. Ma, F. Qi, P. Zhu, Y. Cheng, Z. Shi, Y. Shi, W. Song, X. Zhu, J. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Yan, L. Zhu, D. Xiang, and J. Zhang, “Terahertz streaking of few-femtosecond relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. X 8(2), 021061 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

G. A. Askar’yan, “Cerenkov radiation and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 15, 943–946 (1962).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematics of the experimental setup.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Conversion efficiency as a function of the pump pulse energy (per unit length of the focal line) for different pump wavelengths. The star points show the efficiency when using a metal substrate. The upper scale shows the incident pump intensity.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Conversion efficiency and transmitted optical pulse energy as functions of the pump pulse energy (per unit length of the focal line) for 1500 nm. (b)–(e) Images of the transmitted laser beam profile at different pump pulse energies.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Terahertz energy spectra (normalized to unity) for different pump wavelengths at the saturation pump energies. (b) Terahertz energy spectra for 1500-nm, 200 $\mu$J/cm pump with and without metal substrate. (c) Terahertz energy spectra for 1300-nm pump at low and high pump energies.

Metrics