Abstract

Photon management plays a vital role in the power conversion efficiency of III-V semiconductor solar cells. However, the photon recycling characteristics of GaAs-based multi-quantum-well (MQW) solar cells employed different optical designs had yet been fully explored. In this work, we investigate the impact of the spectrally selective filter (SSF) and distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) on the photovoltaic characteristics of single-junction, strain-balanced In0.1Ga0.9As/ GaAs0.85P0.15 MQW solar cells. Specifically, the SSFs with cutoff wavelengths of 880, 910, and 940 nm are designed and implemented on MQW solar cells with and without the incorporation of a rear DBR. Photon confinement in the vertical direction is verified based on the characterizations of reflectance, electroluminescence, and external quantum efficiency. We show that the photon confinement reduces the saturation current density, up to 26 times and 3 times for the 880 nm SSF-MQW and SSF-MQW-DBR devices, respectively, compared to that of the 940 nm devices. Furthermore, by comparing the SSF-MQW-DBR solar cells under simulated one-sun and concentrated illumination conditions, the open-circuit voltage exhibits a maximal net increase for the 910 nm SSF due to tradeoff between the short-circuit and saturation current density. The proposed SSF design may offer a viable approach to boost the performance of GaAs-based MQW solar cells.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (1)

M. A. Green, Y. Hishikawa, E. D. Dunlop, D. H. Levi, J. Hohl-Ebinger, M. Yoshita, and A. W. Y. Ho-Baillie, “Solar cell efficiency tables (Version 53),” Prog. Photovoltaics 27(1), 3–12 (2019).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

F. Prolux, M. C. A. York, P. O. Provost, R. Arès, V. Aimez, D. P. Masson, and S. Fafard, “Measurement of strong photon recycling in ultra-thin GaAs n/p junctions monolithically integrated in high- photovoltage vertical epitaxial heterostructure architectures with conversion efficiencies exceeding 60%,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 11(2), 1600385 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

S. Eyderman and S. John, “Light-trapping and recycling for extraordinary power conversion in ultra-thin gallium-arsenide solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28303 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, B. Bläsi, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimroth, “Impact of photon recycling on GaAs solar cell designs,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 5(6), 1636–1645 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, L. Wagner, H. Helmers, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimorth, “Impact of photon-recycling and luminescence coupling on III-V single and dual junction photovoltaic devices,” J. Photonics Energy 5(1), 053087 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

P. Yu, M. Y. Chiu, C. H. Chang, C. Y. Hong, Y. L. Tsai, H. V. Han, and Y. U. Wu, “Towards high-efficiency multi-junction solar cells with biologically inspired nanosurfaces,” Prog. Photovoltaics 22(3), 300–307 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

S. Sandhu, Z. Yu, and S. Fan, “Detailed balance analysis of nanophotonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 21(1), 1209–1217 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Sugiyama, Y. Wang, H. Fujii, H. Sodabanlu, K. Watanabe, and Y. Nakano, “A quantum-well superlattice solar cell for enhanced current output and minimized drop in open-circuit voltage under sunlight concentration,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46(2), 024001 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Steiner, J. Geisz, I. Garcia, D. Friedman, A. Duda, and S. Kurtz, “Optical enhancement of the open-circuit voltage in high quality GaAs solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(12), 123109 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, M. R. Khan, J. L. Gray, M. A. Alam, and M. S. Lundstrom, “Design of GaAs solar cells operating close to the Shockley-Queisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 3(2), 737–744 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

O. D. Miller, E. Yablonovitch, and S. R. Kurtz, “Strong internal and external luminescence as solar cells approach the Shockley-Quisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 2(3), 303–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. A. Green, “Radiative efficiency of state-of-the-art photovoltaic cells,” Prog. Photovoltaics 20(4), 472–476 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Polman and H. A. Atwater, “Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 174–177 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2006 (1)

A. Alemu, J. A. H. Coaquira, and A. Freundlich, “Dependence of device performance on carrier escape sequence in multi-quantum-well p-i-n solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(8), 084506 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

D. B. Bushnell, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, G. Hill, R. Airey, and M. Mazzer, “Short-circuit current enhancement in Bragg stack multi-quantum-well solar cells for multi-junction space cell applications,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 75(1-2), 299–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, J. C. Clark, G. Hill, and M. Mazzer, “Strain-balanced GaAsP/InGaAs quantum well solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(26), 4195–4197 (1999).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

S. K. Cheung and N. W. Cheung, “Extraction of Schottky diode parameters from forward current-voltage characteristics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(2), 85–87 (1986).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n junction solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

Abbott, P.

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

Aimez, V.

F. Prolux, M. C. A. York, P. O. Provost, R. Arès, V. Aimez, D. P. Masson, and S. Fafard, “Measurement of strong photon recycling in ultra-thin GaAs n/p junctions monolithically integrated in high- photovoltage vertical epitaxial heterostructure architectures with conversion efficiencies exceeding 60%,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 11(2), 1600385 (2017).
[Crossref]

Airey, R.

D. B. Bushnell, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, G. Hill, R. Airey, and M. Mazzer, “Short-circuit current enhancement in Bragg stack multi-quantum-well solar cells for multi-junction space cell applications,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 75(1-2), 299–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

Aireyd, R.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

Akiyama, H.

L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

Alam, M. A.

X. Wang, M. R. Khan, J. L. Gray, M. A. Alam, and M. S. Lundstrom, “Design of GaAs solar cells operating close to the Shockley-Queisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 3(2), 737–744 (2013).
[Crossref]

Alemu, A.

A. Alemu, J. A. H. Coaquira, and A. Freundlich, “Dependence of device performance on carrier escape sequence in multi-quantum-well p-i-n solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(8), 084506 (2006).
[Crossref]

Arès, R.

F. Prolux, M. C. A. York, P. O. Provost, R. Arès, V. Aimez, D. P. Masson, and S. Fafard, “Measurement of strong photon recycling in ultra-thin GaAs n/p junctions monolithically integrated in high- photovoltage vertical epitaxial heterostructure architectures with conversion efficiencies exceeding 60%,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 11(2), 1600385 (2017).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

A. Polman and H. A. Atwater, “Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 174–177 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bacchin, G.

B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

Ballard, I.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

Bardou, N.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

Barnham, K. W. J.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. B. Bushnell, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, G. Hill, R. Airey, and M. Mazzer, “Short-circuit current enhancement in Bragg stack multi-quantum-well solar cells for multi-junction space cell applications,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 75(1-2), 299–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, J. C. Clark, G. Hill, and M. Mazzer, “Strain-balanced GaAsP/InGaAs quantum well solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(26), 4195–4197 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

Behaghel, B.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

Bessiere, A.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

Bett, A. W.

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, B. Bläsi, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimroth, “Impact of photon recycling on GaAs solar cell designs,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 5(6), 1636–1645 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, L. Wagner, H. Helmers, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimorth, “Impact of photon-recycling and luminescence coupling on III-V single and dual junction photovoltaic devices,” J. Photonics Energy 5(1), 053087 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bhuiyan, A. G.

S. Mohammad, M. I. U. I. Chowdhury, M. S. Islam, and A. G. Bhuiyan, “Effects of photon recycling on the properties of p+ n GaAs solar cell,” Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Electr. Inf. Com. Tech.456–460 (2015).

Bishnell, D. B.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bläsi, B.

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, B. Bläsi, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimroth, “Impact of photon recycling on GaAs solar cell designs,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 5(6), 1636–1645 (2015).
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M. Peters, C. Ulbrich, J. C. Goldschmidt, J. Fernandez, G. Siefer, and B. Bläsi, “Directionally selective light trapping in a germanium solar cell,” Opt. Express 19(S2), A136–A145 (2011).
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B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

Bushnell, D. B.

D. B. Bushnell, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, G. Hill, R. Airey, and M. Mazzer, “Short-circuit current enhancement in Bragg stack multi-quantum-well solar cells for multi-junction space cell applications,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 75(1-2), 299–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

Calder, C.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

Cattoni, A.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

Chang, C. H.

P. Yu, M. Y. Chiu, C. H. Chang, C. Y. Hong, Y. L. Tsai, H. V. Han, and Y. U. Wu, “Towards high-efficiency multi-junction solar cells with biologically inspired nanosurfaces,” Prog. Photovoltaics 22(3), 300–307 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

Cheung, N. W.

S. K. Cheung and N. W. Cheung, “Extraction of Schottky diode parameters from forward current-voltage characteristics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(2), 85–87 (1986).
[Crossref]

Cheung, S. K.

S. K. Cheung and N. W. Cheung, “Extraction of Schottky diode parameters from forward current-voltage characteristics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(2), 85–87 (1986).
[Crossref]

Chi, G. C.

L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chiu, M. Y.

P. Yu, M. Y. Chiu, C. H. Chang, C. Y. Hong, Y. L. Tsai, H. V. Han, and Y. U. Wu, “Towards high-efficiency multi-junction solar cells with biologically inspired nanosurfaces,” Prog. Photovoltaics 22(3), 300–307 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, M. I. U. I.

S. Mohammad, M. I. U. I. Chowdhury, M. S. Islam, and A. G. Bhuiyan, “Effects of photon recycling on the properties of p+ n GaAs solar cell,” Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Electr. Inf. Com. Tech.456–460 (2015).

Clark, J. C.

N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, J. C. Clark, G. Hill, and M. Mazzer, “Strain-balanced GaAsP/InGaAs quantum well solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(26), 4195–4197 (1999).
[Crossref]

Coaquira, J. A. H.

A. Alemu, J. A. H. Coaquira, and A. Freundlich, “Dependence of device performance on carrier escape sequence in multi-quantum-well p-i-n solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(8), 084506 (2006).
[Crossref]

Collin, S.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

Connolly, J. P.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. B. Bushnell, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, G. Hill, R. Airey, and M. Mazzer, “Short-circuit current enhancement in Bragg stack multi-quantum-well solar cells for multi-junction space cell applications,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 75(1-2), 299–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, J. C. Clark, G. Hill, and M. Mazzer, “Strain-balanced GaAsP/InGaAs quantum well solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(26), 4195–4197 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

Delamarre, A.

K. Watanabe, T. Inoue, K. Toprasertpong, A. Delamarre, H. Sodabanlu, J.-F. Guillemoles, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano, “Optical Analysis of the Photon Recycling Effect in InGaAs/GaAsP Multiple Quantum Well Solar Cell with Light Trapping Structure,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 1268–1272 (2016).

Dimorth, F.

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, L. Wagner, H. Helmers, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimorth, “Impact of photon-recycling and luminescence coupling on III-V single and dual junction photovoltaic devices,” J. Photonics Energy 5(1), 053087 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dimroth, F.

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, B. Bläsi, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimroth, “Impact of photon recycling on GaAs solar cell designs,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 5(6), 1636–1645 (2015).
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Dittrich, T.

T. Dittrich, Materials concepts for solar cells (Imperial College, 2014), Chap. 1.4.

Duda, A.

M. Steiner, J. Geisz, I. Garcia, D. Friedman, A. Duda, and S. Kurtz, “Optical enhancement of the open-circuit voltage in high quality GaAs solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(12), 123109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dunlop, E. D.

M. A. Green, Y. Hishikawa, E. D. Dunlop, D. H. Levi, J. Hohl-Ebinger, M. Yoshita, and A. W. Y. Ho-Baillie, “Solar cell efficiency tables (Version 53),” Prog. Photovoltaics 27(1), 3–12 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dupuis, C.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

Ekins-Daukes, N.

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ekins-Daukes, N. J.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. B. Bushnell, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, G. Hill, R. Airey, and M. Mazzer, “Short-circuit current enhancement in Bragg stack multi-quantum-well solar cells for multi-junction space cell applications,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 75(1-2), 299–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, J. C. Clark, G. Hill, and M. Mazzer, “Strain-balanced GaAsP/InGaAs quantum well solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(26), 4195–4197 (1999).
[Crossref]

Eyderman, S.

S. Eyderman and S. John, “Light-trapping and recycling for extraordinary power conversion in ultra-thin gallium-arsenide solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28303 (2016).
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Fafard, S.

F. Prolux, M. C. A. York, P. O. Provost, R. Arès, V. Aimez, D. P. Masson, and S. Fafard, “Measurement of strong photon recycling in ultra-thin GaAs n/p junctions monolithically integrated in high- photovoltage vertical epitaxial heterostructure architectures with conversion efficiencies exceeding 60%,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 11(2), 1600385 (2017).
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Fan, S.

Fernandez, J.

Freundlich, A.

A. Alemu, J. A. H. Coaquira, and A. Freundlich, “Dependence of device performance on carrier escape sequence in multi-quantum-well p-i-n solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(8), 084506 (2006).
[Crossref]

Friedman, D.

M. Steiner, J. Geisz, I. Garcia, D. Friedman, A. Duda, and S. Kurtz, “Optical enhancement of the open-circuit voltage in high quality GaAs solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(12), 123109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fujii, H.

M. Sugiyama, Y. Wang, H. Fujii, H. Sodabanlu, K. Watanabe, and Y. Nakano, “A quantum-well superlattice solar cell for enhanced current output and minimized drop in open-circuit voltage under sunlight concentration,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46(2), 024001 (2013).
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Garcia, I.

M. Steiner, J. Geisz, I. Garcia, D. Friedman, A. Duda, and S. Kurtz, “Optical enhancement of the open-circuit voltage in high quality GaAs solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(12), 123109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Geisz, J.

M. Steiner, J. Geisz, I. Garcia, D. Friedman, A. Duda, and S. Kurtz, “Optical enhancement of the open-circuit voltage in high quality GaAs solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(12), 123109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ghi, G. C.

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

Goldschmidt, J. C.

Gray, J. L.

X. Wang, M. R. Khan, J. L. Gray, M. A. Alam, and M. S. Lundstrom, “Design of GaAs solar cells operating close to the Shockley-Queisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 3(2), 737–744 (2013).
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Green, M. A.

M. A. Green, Y. Hishikawa, E. D. Dunlop, D. H. Levi, J. Hohl-Ebinger, M. Yoshita, and A. W. Y. Ho-Baillie, “Solar cell efficiency tables (Version 53),” Prog. Photovoltaics 27(1), 3–12 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. A. Green, “Radiative efficiency of state-of-the-art photovoltaic cells,” Prog. Photovoltaics 20(4), 472–476 (2012).
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Guillemoles, J.-F.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Watanabe, T. Inoue, K. Toprasertpong, A. Delamarre, H. Sodabanlu, J.-F. Guillemoles, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano, “Optical Analysis of the Photon Recycling Effect in InGaAs/GaAsP Multiple Quantum Well Solar Cell with Light Trapping Structure,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 1268–1272 (2016).

Guillemoles, J-F.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

Han, H. V.

P. Yu, M. Y. Chiu, C. H. Chang, C. Y. Hong, Y. L. Tsai, H. V. Han, and Y. U. Wu, “Towards high-efficiency multi-junction solar cells with biologically inspired nanosurfaces,” Prog. Photovoltaics 22(3), 300–307 (2014).
[Crossref]

Helmers, H.

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, L. Wagner, H. Helmers, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimorth, “Impact of photon-recycling and luminescence coupling on III-V single and dual junction photovoltaic devices,” J. Photonics Energy 5(1), 053087 (2015).
[Crossref]

Higashi, G. S.

B. M. Kayes, H. Nie, R. Twist, S. G. Spruytte, F. Reinhardt, I. C. Kizilyalli, and G. S. Higashi, “27.6% conversion efficiency, a new record for single-junction solar cells under 1 sun illumination,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011).

Hill, G.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. B. Bushnell, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, G. Hill, R. Airey, and M. Mazzer, “Short-circuit current enhancement in Bragg stack multi-quantum-well solar cells for multi-junction space cell applications,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 75(1-2), 299–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, J. C. Clark, G. Hill, and M. Mazzer, “Strain-balanced GaAsP/InGaAs quantum well solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(26), 4195–4197 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

Hishikawa, Y.

M. A. Green, Y. Hishikawa, E. D. Dunlop, D. H. Levi, J. Hohl-Ebinger, M. Yoshita, and A. W. Y. Ho-Baillie, “Solar cell efficiency tables (Version 53),” Prog. Photovoltaics 27(1), 3–12 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ho-Baillie, A. W. Y.

M. A. Green, Y. Hishikawa, E. D. Dunlop, D. H. Levi, J. Hohl-Ebinger, M. Yoshita, and A. W. Y. Ho-Baillie, “Solar cell efficiency tables (Version 53),” Prog. Photovoltaics 27(1), 3–12 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hohl-Ebinger, J.

M. A. Green, Y. Hishikawa, E. D. Dunlop, D. H. Levi, J. Hohl-Ebinger, M. Yoshita, and A. W. Y. Ho-Baillie, “Solar cell efficiency tables (Version 53),” Prog. Photovoltaics 27(1), 3–12 (2019).
[Crossref]

Höhn, O.

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, L. Wagner, H. Helmers, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimorth, “Impact of photon-recycling and luminescence coupling on III-V single and dual junction photovoltaic devices,” J. Photonics Energy 5(1), 053087 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, B. Bläsi, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimroth, “Impact of photon recycling on GaAs solar cell designs,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 5(6), 1636–1645 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hong, C. Y.

L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Yu, M. Y. Chiu, C. H. Chang, C. Y. Hong, Y. L. Tsai, H. V. Han, and Y. U. Wu, “Towards high-efficiency multi-junction solar cells with biologically inspired nanosurfaces,” Prog. Photovoltaics 22(3), 300–307 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Hong, M. M. Hung, T. T. Yang, Y. C. Wang, Y. C. Lin, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of GaAs solar cells with selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2015).

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

Hung, M. M.

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

C. Y. Hong, M. M. Hung, T. T. Yang, Y. C. Wang, Y. C. Lin, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of GaAs solar cells with selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2015).

Inoue, T.

K. Watanabe, T. Inoue, K. Toprasertpong, A. Delamarre, H. Sodabanlu, J.-F. Guillemoles, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano, “Optical Analysis of the Photon Recycling Effect in InGaAs/GaAsP Multiple Quantum Well Solar Cell with Light Trapping Structure,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 1268–1272 (2016).

Islam, M. S.

S. Mohammad, M. I. U. I. Chowdhury, M. S. Islam, and A. G. Bhuiyan, “Effects of photon recycling on the properties of p+ n GaAs solar cell,” Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Electr. Inf. Com. Tech.456–460 (2015).

John, S.

S. Eyderman and S. John, “Light-trapping and recycling for extraordinary power conversion in ultra-thin gallium-arsenide solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28303 (2016).
[Crossref]

Johnson, D. C.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

Kayes, B. M.

B. M. Kayes, H. Nie, R. Twist, S. G. Spruytte, F. Reinhardt, I. C. Kizilyalli, and G. S. Higashi, “27.6% conversion efficiency, a new record for single-junction solar cells under 1 sun illumination,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011).

Khan, M. R.

X. Wang, M. R. Khan, J. L. Gray, M. A. Alam, and M. S. Lundstrom, “Design of GaAs solar cells operating close to the Shockley-Queisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 3(2), 737–744 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, C.

L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kizilyalli, I. C.

B. M. Kayes, H. Nie, R. Twist, S. G. Spruytte, F. Reinhardt, I. C. Kizilyalli, and G. S. Higashi, “27.6% conversion efficiency, a new record for single-junction solar cells under 1 sun illumination,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011).

Kluftinger, B. G.

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kurtz, S.

M. Steiner, J. Geisz, I. Garcia, D. Friedman, A. Duda, and S. Kurtz, “Optical enhancement of the open-circuit voltage in high quality GaAs solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(12), 123109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kurtz, S. R.

O. D. Miller, E. Yablonovitch, and S. R. Kurtz, “Strong internal and external luminescence as solar cells approach the Shockley-Quisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 2(3), 303–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lacey, J.

B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

Levi, D. H.

M. A. Green, Y. Hishikawa, E. D. Dunlop, D. H. Levi, J. Hohl-Ebinger, M. Yoshita, and A. W. Y. Ho-Baillie, “Solar cell efficiency tables (Version 53),” Prog. Photovoltaics 27(1), 3–12 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. C.

C. Y. Hong, M. M. Hung, T. T. Yang, Y. C. Wang, Y. C. Lin, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of GaAs solar cells with selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2015).

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

Liu, J. Q.

B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

Lundstrom, M. S.

X. Wang, M. R. Khan, J. L. Gray, M. A. Alam, and M. S. Lundstrom, “Design of GaAs solar cells operating close to the Shockley-Queisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 3(2), 737–744 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lynch, M. C.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

Macleod, H. A.

H. A. Macleod, Thin-film optical filters (CRC, 2010), Chap. 7.2.

Masson, D. P.

F. Prolux, M. C. A. York, P. O. Provost, R. Arès, V. Aimez, D. P. Masson, and S. Fafard, “Measurement of strong photon recycling in ultra-thin GaAs n/p junctions monolithically integrated in high- photovoltage vertical epitaxial heterostructure architectures with conversion efficiencies exceeding 60%,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 11(2), 1600385 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mazzer, M.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. B. Bushnell, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, G. Hill, R. Airey, and M. Mazzer, “Short-circuit current enhancement in Bragg stack multi-quantum-well solar cells for multi-junction space cell applications,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 75(1-2), 299–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, J. C. Clark, G. Hill, and M. Mazzer, “Strain-balanced GaAsP/InGaAs quantum well solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(26), 4195–4197 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

Micha, D. N.

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, B. Bläsi, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimroth, “Impact of photon recycling on GaAs solar cell designs,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 5(6), 1636–1645 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, L. Wagner, H. Helmers, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimorth, “Impact of photon-recycling and luminescence coupling on III-V single and dual junction photovoltaic devices,” J. Photonics Energy 5(1), 053087 (2015).
[Crossref]

Miller, O. D.

O. D. Miller, E. Yablonovitch, and S. R. Kurtz, “Strong internal and external luminescence as solar cells approach the Shockley-Quisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 2(3), 303–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mohammad, S.

S. Mohammad, M. I. U. I. Chowdhury, M. S. Islam, and A. G. Bhuiyan, “Effects of photon recycling on the properties of p+ n GaAs solar cell,” Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Electr. Inf. Com. Tech.456–460 (2015).

Nakano, Y.

M. Sugiyama, Y. Wang, H. Fujii, H. Sodabanlu, K. Watanabe, and Y. Nakano, “A quantum-well superlattice solar cell for enhanced current output and minimized drop in open-circuit voltage under sunlight concentration,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46(2), 024001 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Watanabe, T. Inoue, K. Toprasertpong, A. Delamarre, H. Sodabanlu, J.-F. Guillemoles, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano, “Optical Analysis of the Photon Recycling Effect in InGaAs/GaAsP Multiple Quantum Well Solar Cell with Light Trapping Structure,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 1268–1272 (2016).

Nelson, J.

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nie, H.

B. M. Kayes, H. Nie, R. Twist, S. G. Spruytte, F. Reinhardt, I. C. Kizilyalli, and G. S. Higashi, “27.6% conversion efficiency, a new record for single-junction solar cells under 1 sun illumination,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011).

Okada, Y.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

Peters, M.

Polman, A.

A. Polman and H. A. Atwater, “Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 174–177 (2012).
[Crossref]

Prolux, F.

F. Prolux, M. C. A. York, P. O. Provost, R. Arès, V. Aimez, D. P. Masson, and S. Fafard, “Measurement of strong photon recycling in ultra-thin GaAs n/p junctions monolithically integrated in high- photovoltage vertical epitaxial heterostructure architectures with conversion efficiencies exceeding 60%,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 11(2), 1600385 (2017).
[Crossref]

Provost, P. O.

F. Prolux, M. C. A. York, P. O. Provost, R. Arès, V. Aimez, D. P. Masson, and S. Fafard, “Measurement of strong photon recycling in ultra-thin GaAs n/p junctions monolithically integrated in high- photovoltage vertical epitaxial heterostructure architectures with conversion efficiencies exceeding 60%,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 11(2), 1600385 (2017).
[Crossref]

Queisser, H. J.

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n junction solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

Rees, V.

B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

Reinhardt, F.

B. M. Kayes, H. Nie, R. Twist, S. G. Spruytte, F. Reinhardt, I. C. Kizilyalli, and G. S. Higashi, “27.6% conversion efficiency, a new record for single-junction solar cells under 1 sun illumination,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011).

Roberts, J. S.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. B. Bushnell, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, G. Hill, R. Airey, and M. Mazzer, “Short-circuit current enhancement in Bragg stack multi-quantum-well solar cells for multi-junction space cell applications,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 75(1-2), 299–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, J. C. Clark, G. Hill, and M. Mazzer, “Strain-balanced GaAsP/InGaAs quantum well solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(26), 4195–4197 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

Rohr, C.

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sandhu, S.

Shockley, W.

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n junction solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

Siefer, G.

Sodabanlu, H.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Sugiyama, Y. Wang, H. Fujii, H. Sodabanlu, K. Watanabe, and Y. Nakano, “A quantum-well superlattice solar cell for enhanced current output and minimized drop in open-circuit voltage under sunlight concentration,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46(2), 024001 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

K. Watanabe, T. Inoue, K. Toprasertpong, A. Delamarre, H. Sodabanlu, J.-F. Guillemoles, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano, “Optical Analysis of the Photon Recycling Effect in InGaAs/GaAsP Multiple Quantum Well Solar Cell with Light Trapping Structure,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 1268–1272 (2016).

Spruytte, S. G.

B. M. Kayes, H. Nie, R. Twist, S. G. Spruytte, F. Reinhardt, I. C. Kizilyalli, and G. S. Higashi, “27.6% conversion efficiency, a new record for single-junction solar cells under 1 sun illumination,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011).

Steiner, M.

M. Steiner, J. Geisz, I. Garcia, D. Friedman, A. Duda, and S. Kurtz, “Optical enhancement of the open-circuit voltage in high quality GaAs solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(12), 123109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Su, Y. C.

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

Sugiyama, M.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Sugiyama, Y. Wang, H. Fujii, H. Sodabanlu, K. Watanabe, and Y. Nakano, “A quantum-well superlattice solar cell for enhanced current output and minimized drop in open-circuit voltage under sunlight concentration,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46(2), 024001 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

K. Watanabe, T. Inoue, K. Toprasertpong, A. Delamarre, H. Sodabanlu, J.-F. Guillemoles, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano, “Optical Analysis of the Photon Recycling Effect in InGaAs/GaAsP Multiple Quantum Well Solar Cell with Light Trapping Structure,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 1268–1272 (2016).

Tamaki, R.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

Tibbits, T.

B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

Tibbits, T. N. D.

K. W. J. Barnham, P. Abbott, D. B. Bushnell, I. Ballard, J. P. Connolly, N. Ekins-Daukes, T. N. D. Tibbits, R. Airey, B. G. Kluftinger, J. Nelson, G. Hill, J. S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and M. Mazzer, “Recent results on quantum well solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11(7), 531–536 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tibbitsa, T. N. D.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, D. B. Bishnell, J. P. Connolly, M. C. Lynch, T. N. D. Tibbitsa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Mazzer, R. Aireyd, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Advances in Bragg stack quantum well solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 169–179 (2005).
[Crossref]

Toprasertpong, K.

K. Watanabe, T. Inoue, K. Toprasertpong, A. Delamarre, H. Sodabanlu, J.-F. Guillemoles, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano, “Optical Analysis of the Photon Recycling Effect in InGaAs/GaAsP Multiple Quantum Well Solar Cell with Light Trapping Structure,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 1268–1272 (2016).

Tsai, J.

B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

Tsai, J. L.

L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

Tsai, M. A.

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

Tsai, Y. L.

P. Yu, M. Y. Chiu, C. H. Chang, C. Y. Hong, Y. L. Tsai, H. V. Han, and Y. U. Wu, “Towards high-efficiency multi-junction solar cells with biologically inspired nanosurfaces,” Prog. Photovoltaics 22(3), 300–307 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tung, C. M.

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

Twist, R.

B. M. Kayes, H. Nie, R. Twist, S. G. Spruytte, F. Reinhardt, I. C. Kizilyalli, and G. S. Higashi, “27.6% conversion efficiency, a new record for single-junction solar cells under 1 sun illumination,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011).

Ulbrich, C.

Vandamme, N.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

Wagner, L.

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, L. Wagner, H. Helmers, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimorth, “Impact of photon-recycling and luminescence coupling on III-V single and dual junction photovoltaic devices,” J. Photonics Energy 5(1), 053087 (2015).
[Crossref]

Walker, A. W.

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, B. Bläsi, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimroth, “Impact of photon recycling on GaAs solar cell designs,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 5(6), 1636–1645 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, L. Wagner, H. Helmers, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimorth, “Impact of photon-recycling and luminescence coupling on III-V single and dual junction photovoltaic devices,” J. Photonics Energy 5(1), 053087 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, M. R. Khan, J. L. Gray, M. A. Alam, and M. S. Lundstrom, “Design of GaAs solar cells operating close to the Shockley-Queisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 3(2), 737–744 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

M. Sugiyama, Y. Wang, H. Fujii, H. Sodabanlu, K. Watanabe, and Y. Nakano, “A quantum-well superlattice solar cell for enhanced current output and minimized drop in open-circuit voltage under sunlight concentration,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46(2), 024001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. C.

L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

C. Y. Hong, M. M. Hung, T. T. Yang, Y. C. Wang, Y. C. Lin, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of GaAs solar cells with selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2015).

Watanabe, K.

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J.-F. Guillemoles, “Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 081107 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Sugiyama, Y. Wang, H. Fujii, H. Sodabanlu, K. Watanabe, and Y. Nakano, “A quantum-well superlattice solar cell for enhanced current output and minimized drop in open-circuit voltage under sunlight concentration,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46(2), 024001 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

K. Watanabe, T. Inoue, K. Toprasertpong, A. Delamarre, H. Sodabanlu, J.-F. Guillemoles, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano, “Optical Analysis of the Photon Recycling Effect in InGaAs/GaAsP Multiple Quantum Well Solar Cell with Light Trapping Structure,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 1268–1272 (2016).

Werthen, J.

B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

Wu, T.

B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

Wu, Y. U.

P. Yu, M. Y. Chiu, C. H. Chang, C. Y. Hong, Y. L. Tsai, H. V. Han, and Y. U. Wu, “Towards high-efficiency multi-junction solar cells with biologically inspired nanosurfaces,” Prog. Photovoltaics 22(3), 300–307 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yablonovitch, E.

O. D. Miller, E. Yablonovitch, and S. R. Kurtz, “Strong internal and external luminescence as solar cells approach the Shockley-Quisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 2(3), 303–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, T. T.

C. Y. Hong, M. M. Hung, T. T. Yang, Y. C. Wang, Y. C. Lin, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of GaAs solar cells with selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2015).

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F. Prolux, M. C. A. York, P. O. Provost, R. Arès, V. Aimez, D. P. Masson, and S. Fafard, “Measurement of strong photon recycling in ultra-thin GaAs n/p junctions monolithically integrated in high- photovoltage vertical epitaxial heterostructure architectures with conversion efficiencies exceeding 60%,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 11(2), 1600385 (2017).
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L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, P.

L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Yu, M. Y. Chiu, C. H. Chang, C. Y. Hong, Y. L. Tsai, H. V. Han, and Y. U. Wu, “Towards high-efficiency multi-junction solar cells with biologically inspired nanosurfaces,” Prog. Photovoltaics 22(3), 300–307 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Hong, M. M. Hung, T. T. Yang, Y. C. Wang, Y. C. Lin, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of GaAs solar cells with selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2015).

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

Yu, Z.

Zhu, L.

L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

N. J. Ekins-Daukes, K. W. J. Barnham, J. P. Connolly, J. S. Roberts, J. C. Clark, G. Hill, and M. Mazzer, “Strain-balanced GaAsP/InGaAs quantum well solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(26), 4195–4197 (1999).
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[Crossref]

O. D. Miller, E. Yablonovitch, and S. R. Kurtz, “Strong internal and external luminescence as solar cells approach the Shockley-Quisser limit,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 2(3), 303–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. W. Walker, O. Höhn, D. N. Micha, B. Bläsi, A. W. Bett, and F. Dimroth, “Impact of photon recycling on GaAs solar cell designs,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 5(6), 1636–1645 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Photovoltaics. (1)

L. Zhu, M. Yoshita, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Wang, C. Y. Hong, G. C. Chi, C. Kim, P. Yu, and H. Akiyama, “Diagnosis of GaInAs/GaAsP multiple quantum well solar cells with Bragg reflectors via absolute electroluminescence,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics. 7(3), 781–786 (2017).
[Crossref]

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F. Prolux, M. C. A. York, P. O. Provost, R. Arès, V. Aimez, D. P. Masson, and S. Fafard, “Measurement of strong photon recycling in ultra-thin GaAs n/p junctions monolithically integrated in high- photovoltage vertical epitaxial heterostructure architectures with conversion efficiencies exceeding 60%,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 11(2), 1600385 (2017).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

P. Yu, M. Y. Chiu, C. H. Chang, C. Y. Hong, Y. L. Tsai, H. V. Han, and Y. U. Wu, “Towards high-efficiency multi-junction solar cells with biologically inspired nanosurfaces,” Prog. Photovoltaics 22(3), 300–307 (2014).
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B. Browne, J. Lacey, T. Tibbits, G. Bacchin, T. Wu, J. Q. Liu, X. Chen, V. Rees, J. Tsai, and J. Werthen, “Triple-junction quantum-well solar cells in commercial production,” AIP Conference Proceedings., 1556(1), 3 (2013).

C. Y. Hong, Y. C. Wang, M. M. Hung, Y. C. Su, J. L. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, C. M. Tung, M. A. Tsai, G. C. Ghi, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of multiple quantum well solar cells with distributed Bragg reflector and selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2016). 1273–1275.

D. C. Johnson, I. Ballard, K. W. J. Barnham, A. Bessiere, D. B. Bushnell, J. P. Connolly, M. Mazzer, C. Calder, G. Hill, and J. S. Roberts, “Dark-current suppression due to photon recycling in distributed Bragg reflector strain-balanced quantum well solar cells,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 699–702 (IEEE, 2005).

K. Watanabe, T. Inoue, K. Toprasertpong, A. Delamarre, H. Sodabanlu, J.-F. Guillemoles, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano, “Optical Analysis of the Photon Recycling Effect in InGaAs/GaAsP Multiple Quantum Well Solar Cell with Light Trapping Structure,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 1268–1272 (2016).

H. A. Macleod, Thin-film optical filters (CRC, 2010), Chap. 7.2.

T. Dittrich, Materials concepts for solar cells (Imperial College, 2014), Chap. 1.4.

S. Mohammad, M. I. U. I. Chowdhury, M. S. Islam, and A. G. Bhuiyan, “Effects of photon recycling on the properties of p+ n GaAs solar cell,” Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Electr. Inf. Com. Tech.456–460 (2015).

B. M. Kayes, H. Nie, R. Twist, S. G. Spruytte, F. Reinhardt, I. C. Kizilyalli, and G. S. Higashi, “27.6% conversion efficiency, a new record for single-junction solar cells under 1 sun illumination,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011).

C. Y. Hong, M. M. Hung, T. T. Yang, Y. C. Wang, Y. C. Lin, and P. Yu, “Photovoltaic characteristics of GaAs solar cells with selective filters,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2015).

B. Behaghel, R. Tamaki, N. Vandamme, K. Watanabe, C. Dupuis, N. Bardou, H. Sodabanlu, A. Cattoni, Y. Okada, M. Sugiyama, S. Collin, and J-F. Guillemoles, “Four-fold MQWs absorption enhancement in a 430 nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs solar cell,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2014).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The schematic epitaxial structure of the two solar cells used in this work: (a) an MQW solar cell grown on the GaAs substrate and (b) an MQW-DBR solar cell with a 12-pair, monolithically-grown DBR.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) The calculated reflectance spectra of SSFs on an MQW cell with various SiNx thicknesses: 0, 40, 70, 100 nm. (b) The AM1.5G spectrum- weighted reflectance, <R > of SSFs for λ=400-870 nm is plotted as a function of the SiNx thickness. The inset shows the schematic layer structure for optical simulation and the deposition sequence of the SiNx, and 12 pairs of SiO2 and TiO2 layers.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. The simulated and measured reflectance spectra of spectrum selective filters with three different cut-off wavelengths: (a) 880 nm, (b) 910 nm, (c) 940 nm deposited on Si wafers.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. The electroluminescence spectra of (a) SSF-MQW solar cells and (b) SSF-MQW-DBR solar cells with 880 nm, 910 nm, 940 nm cutoffs. (c) The normalized electro-luminescence intensity of the above devices.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The fitted (a) ideality factor, and (b) saturation current density for the SSF-MQW and SSF-MQW-DBR solar cells under a 20 mA/cm2 injection current. The Dot and Dashed lines represent the reference counterpart before the deposition of SSFs.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. The net differences of (a) Jsc, (b) Voc, (c) FF (d) PCE before and after the deposition of SSFs are plotted versus the cutoff wavelength under a simulated AM1.5 g one-sun illumination condition.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. The measured external quantum efficiency spectra of the fabricated devices: (a) SSF-MQW and (b) SSF-MQW-DBR solar cells with cutoff wave-lengths of 880, 910, and 940 nm.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. The photovoltaic characteristics: (a) Jsc, (b) Voc, (c) FF (d) PCE of the SSF-MQW solar cells with the 880, 910, and 940 nm cutoff wavelength are plotted as a function of the concentration ratio. An MQW solar cell without an SSF is used as the reference. The Voc under medium concentration ratios (20-50) is enlarged from the dashed box in (b) to show the relative magnitudes of the devices.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. The photovoltaic characteristics: (a) Jsc, (b) Voc, (c) FF (d) PCE of the SSF-MQW-DBR solar cells with the 880, 910, and 940 nm cutoff wavelength are plotted as a function of the concentration ratio. An MQW-DBR solar cell without an SSF is used as the reference. The Voc under medium concentration ratios (20-50) is enlarged from the dashed box in (b) to show the relative magnitudes of the devices.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Photovoltaic Characteristics of MQW Solar Cells Before and After the Deposition of Spectrally Selective Filters (SSFs)

Tables Icon

Table 2. Photovoltaic Characteristics of MQW-DBR Before and After the Deposition of Spectrally Selective Filters (SSFs)

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R  =  R ( λ ) b s , A M 1.5 G ( λ ) d λ b s , A M 1.5 G ( λ ) d λ ,
J  =  J 0 exp [ q ( V A e f f J R s ) n k T ] ,
d V d ( ln J )  =  R s A e f f J + n k T q ,

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