Abstract

A dual-frequency light field scheme, composed of counterpropagating pump and probe light waves with equal circular polarizations and different intensities, is proposed for the detection of subnatural-linewidth electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA) resonances. In this scheme, the bright-type EIA resonance is obtained at fixed static magnetic field by tuning the frequency difference between both optical fields and can be used as a frequency reference in an atomic clock. Using a 5-mm long buffer-gas-filled Cs vapor cell, an EIA-based atomic clock with a short-term fractional frequency stability of 5.8 × 10−12 τ−1/2 until 20 s integration time is reported. These performances are found to be in correct agreement with the signal-to-noise/linewidth ratio of the resonance. The proposed EIA scheme can be considered as an alternative approach to the coherent population trapping (CPT) technique for the development of compact atomic clocks and sensors.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Magneto-optic rotation detection scheme for miniaturized coherent population trapping atomic clock

Suping Qu, Yi Yin, Dehuan Cai, and Hao Gong
Appl. Opt. 58(36) 9773-9776 (2019)

Stability properties of an Rb CPT atomic clock with buffer-gas-free cells under dynamic excitation

Sergey Kobtsev, Daba Radnatarov, Sergey Khripunov, Ivan Popkov, Valerii Andryushkov, and Tatiana Steshchenko
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36(10) 2700-2704 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Stenholm, Foundations of laser spectroscopy (Wiley Verlag, 1984).
  2. A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaizer, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Laser cooling below the one-photon recoil energy by velocity-selective coherent population trapping: theoretical analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(11), 2112–2124 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Kitching, “Chip-scale atomic devices,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 5(3), 031302 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, “An experimental method for the observation of r.f. transitions and laser beat resonances in oriented Na vapour,” Nuovo Cimento B 36(1), 5–20 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  6. E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy,” Prog. Opt. 35, 257–354 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of enhanced index of refraction via quantum coherence in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(21), 3935–3938 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Vanier, A. Godone, and F. Levi, “Coherent population trapping in cesium: Dark lines and coherent microwave emission,” Phys. Rev. A 58(3), 2345–2358 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  10. R. Wynands and A. Nagel, “Precision spectroscopy with coherent dark states,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 68(1), 1–25 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. A. Bouchiat and J. Brossel, “Relaxation of optically pumped Rb atoms on paraffin-coated walls,” Phys. Rev. 147(1), 41–54 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(16-17), 2583–2591 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. V. Balabas, T. Karaulanov, M. P. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Polarized alkali-metal vapor with minute-long transverse spin-relaxation time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 070801 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  14. F. X. Esnault, E. Blanshan, E. N. Ivanov, R. E. Scholten, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Cold-atom double-Λ coherent population trapping clock,” Phys. Rev. A 88(4), 042120 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. N. Cyr, M. Têtu, and M. Breton, “All-optical microwave frequency standard: a proposal,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42(2), 640–649 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. Stähler, R. Wynands, S. Knappe, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Coherent population trapping resonances in thermal 85Rb vapor: D1 versus D2 line excitation,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1472–1474 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  17. A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, S. V. Kargapoltsev, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, “High-contrast dark resonances on the D1 line of alkali metals in the field of counterpropagating waves,” JETP Lett. 80(4), 236–240 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  18. X. Liu, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “High contrast dark resonances in a cold-atom clock probed with counterpropagating circularly polarized beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 224102 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, “On the unique possibility to increase significantly the contrast of dark resonances on D1 line of 87Rb,” JETP Lett. 82(7), 398–403 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  20. K. Watabe, T. Ikegami, A. Takamizawa, S. Yanagimachi, S. Ohshima, and S. Knappe, “High-contrast dark resonances with linearly polarized light on the D1 line of alkali atoms with large nuclear spin,” Appl. Opt. 48(6), 1098–1103 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  21. T. Zanon, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, “High contrast Ramsey fringes with coherent-population-trapping pulses in a double Lambda atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(19), 193002 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  22. Y.-Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, “Push-pull optical pumping of pure superposition states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(16), 160802 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  23. X. Liu, J.-M. Mérolla, S. Guérandel, C. Gorecki, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Coherent-population-trapping resonances in buffer-gas-filled Cs-vapor cells with push-pull optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013416 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. P. Yun, J.-M. Danet, D. Holleville, E. de Clercq, and S. Guérandel, “Constructive polarization modulation for coherent population trapping clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231106 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  25. T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  26. M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, P. Yun, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “A high-performance Raman-Ramsey Cs vapor cell atomic clock,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(10), 104903 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  27. P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Calosso, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Symmetric autobalanced Ramsey interrogation for high-performance coherent-population-trapping vapor-cell atomic clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(24), 244102 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  30. M. A. Guidry, E. Kuchina, I. Novikova, and E. E. Mikhailov, “Characterization of frequency stability in electromagnetically induced transparency-based atomic clocks using a differential detection scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(10), 2244–2249 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  31. I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, R. L. Walsworth, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Cancellation of light shifts in an N-resonance clock,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 622–624 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  32. A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “On the spontaneous-coherence-transfer-induced sign change of a sub-natural-width nonlinear resonance,” JETP Lett. 69(11), 819–824 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  33. C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, “Electromagnetically induced absorption due to transfer of coherence and to transfer of population,” Phys. Rev. A 67(3), 033807 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  34. D. B. Lazebnyi, D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, M. Yu. Basalaev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and electromagnetically induced transparency for optical transitions Fg → Fe in the field of elliptically polarized waves,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 934–949 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  35. A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, S. Cartaleva, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and M. Auzinsh, “Electromagnetically induced transparency resonances inverted in magnetic field,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 966–975 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  36. Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, “Coherent effects on the Zeeman sublevels of hyperfine states in optical pumping of Rb by monomode diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 178(1-3), 103–110 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  37. F. Renzoni, S. Cartaleva, G. Alzetta, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect in the configuration of crossed laser beam and magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 065401 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  38. C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Taĭchenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in a standing wave,” Phys. Rev. A 65(4), 043810 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  39. C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  40. A. V. Papoyan, M. Auzinsh, and K. Bergmann, “Nonlinear Hanle effect in Cs vapor under strong laser excitation,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21(1), 63–71 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  41. E. E. Mikhailov, I. Novikova, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and G. R. Welch, “Buffer-gas-induced absorption resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033806 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  42. J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption due to optical and ground-state coherences in 6Li,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 40(6), 1117–1129 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  43. A. A. Zhukov, S. A. Zibrov, G. V. Romanov, Y. O. Dudin, V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. P. Yakovlev, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a bichromatic laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80(3), 033830 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  44. A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).
  45. H.-J. Kim and H. S. Moon, “Electromagnetically induced absorption with sub-kHz spectral width in a paraffin-coated Rb vapor cell,” Opt. Express 19(1), 168–174 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  46. Z. D. Grujić, M. M. Lekić, M. Radonjić, D. Arsenović, and B. M. Jelenković, “Ramsey effects in coherent resonances at closed transition Fg = 2 → Fe = 3 of 87Rb,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(24), 245502 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  47. Y. Ma, J. Deng, Z. Hu, H. He, and Y. Wang, “Microwave excited optical transparency enhancement resonances in Hanle-EIT configuration,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(2), 022701 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  48. D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically-induced-absorption resonance with high contrast and narrow width in the Hanle configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125702 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  49. D. J. Whiting, E. Bimbard, J. Keaveney, M. A. Zentile, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a nondegenerate three-level ladder system,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4289–4292 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  50. S. Gozzini, A. Fioretti, A. Lucchesini, L. Marmugi, C. Marinelli, S. Tsvetkov, S. Gateva, and S. Cartaleva, “Tunable and polarization-controlled high-contrast bright and dark coherent resonances in potassium,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 2930–2933 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  51. H. Ravi, M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Polarization-dependent tuning of the Hanle effect in the ground state of Cs,” Europhys. Lett. 117(6), 63002 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  52. D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, V. I. Vishnyakov, M. N. Skvortsov, Ch. Andreeva, V. M. Entin, and I. I. Ryabtsev, “High-quality electromagnetically-induced absorption resonances in a buffer-gas-filled vapour cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025701 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  53. M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Tuning of the Hanle effect from EIT to EIA using spatially separated probe and control beams,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7525 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  54. D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, A. S. Novokreshchenov, and M. N. Skvortsov, “Ultrahigh-quality electromagnetically induced absorption resonances in a cesium vapor cell,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(21), 215002 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  55. M. Abdel Hafiz, D. V. Brazhnikov, G. Coget, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “High-contrast sub-Doppler absorption spikes in a hot atomic vapor cell exposed to a dual-frequency laser field,” New J. Phys. 19(7), 073028 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  56. D. V. Brazhnikov, M. Petersen, G. Coget, N. Passilly, V. Maurice, C. Gorecki, and R. Boudot, “Dual-frequency sub-Doppler spectroscopy: Extended theoretical model and microcell-based experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 99(6), 062508 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  57. J. Vanier and C. Audoin, The Quantum Physics of Atomic Frequency Standards (Adam Hilger, Bristol, England, 1989).
  58. M. Musha, Y. Sato, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, A. Ueda, and M. Ishiguro, “Robust and precise length stabilization of a 25-km long optical fiber using an optical interferometric method with a digital phase-frequency discriminator,” Opt. Lett. 82(4), 555–559 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  59. F. Kefelian, H. Jiang, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultralow-frequency-noise stabilization of a laser by locking to an optical fiber-delay line,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 914–916 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  60. E. E. Mikhailov, T. Horrom, N. Belcher, and I. Novikova, “Performance of a prototype atomic clock based on lin||lin coherent population trapping resonances in Rb atomic vapor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 417–422 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  61. Z. Warren, M. S. Shahriar, R. Tripathi, and G. S. Pati, “Experimental and theoretical comparison of different optical excitation schemes for a compact coherent population trapping Rb vapor clock,” Metrologia 54(4), 418–431 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  62. M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Doppler-free spectroscopy on the Cs D1 line with a dual-frequency laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(13), 2982–2985 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  63. M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Ramsey spectroscopy with displaced frequency jumps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(11), 113601 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  64. M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 114(14), 141106 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  65. L. Lenci, L. Marmugi, F. Renzoni, S. Gozzini, A. Lucchesini, and A. Fioretti, “Time-domain Ramsey-narrowed sub-kHz electromagnetically induced absorption in atomic potassium,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(8), 085002 (2019).
    [Crossref]

2019 (5)

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, A. S. Novokreshchenov, and M. N. Skvortsov, “Ultrahigh-quality electromagnetically induced absorption resonances in a cesium vapor cell,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(21), 215002 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, M. Petersen, G. Coget, N. Passilly, V. Maurice, C. Gorecki, and R. Boudot, “Dual-frequency sub-Doppler spectroscopy: Extended theoretical model and microcell-based experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 99(6), 062508 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Ramsey spectroscopy with displaced frequency jumps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(11), 113601 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 114(14), 141106 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Lenci, L. Marmugi, F. Renzoni, S. Gozzini, A. Lucchesini, and A. Fioretti, “Time-domain Ramsey-narrowed sub-kHz electromagnetically induced absorption in atomic potassium,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(8), 085002 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (6)

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, V. I. Vishnyakov, M. N. Skvortsov, Ch. Andreeva, V. M. Entin, and I. I. Ryabtsev, “High-quality electromagnetically-induced absorption resonances in a buffer-gas-filled vapour cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025701 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Tuning of the Hanle effect from EIT to EIA using spatially separated probe and control beams,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7525 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Kitching, “Chip-scale atomic devices,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 5(3), 031302 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Calosso, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Symmetric autobalanced Ramsey interrogation for high-performance coherent-population-trapping vapor-cell atomic clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(24), 244102 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (8)

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, P. Yun, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “A high-performance Raman-Ramsey Cs vapor cell atomic clock,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(10), 104903 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. A. Guidry, E. Kuchina, I. Novikova, and E. E. Mikhailov, “Characterization of frequency stability in electromagnetically induced transparency-based atomic clocks using a differential detection scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(10), 2244–2249 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “High contrast dark resonances in a cold-atom clock probed with counterpropagating circularly polarized beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 224102 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, D. V. Brazhnikov, G. Coget, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “High-contrast sub-Doppler absorption spikes in a hot atomic vapor cell exposed to a dual-frequency laser field,” New J. Phys. 19(7), 073028 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Gozzini, A. Fioretti, A. Lucchesini, L. Marmugi, C. Marinelli, S. Tsvetkov, S. Gateva, and S. Cartaleva, “Tunable and polarization-controlled high-contrast bright and dark coherent resonances in potassium,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 2930–2933 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Ravi, M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Polarization-dependent tuning of the Hanle effect in the ground state of Cs,” Europhys. Lett. 117(6), 63002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Warren, M. S. Shahriar, R. Tripathi, and G. S. Pati, “Experimental and theoretical comparison of different optical excitation schemes for a compact coherent population trapping Rb vapor clock,” Metrologia 54(4), 418–431 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (3)

D. J. Whiting, E. Bimbard, J. Keaveney, M. A. Zentile, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a nondegenerate three-level ladder system,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4289–4292 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. B. Lazebnyi, D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, M. Yu. Basalaev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and electromagnetically induced transparency for optical transitions Fg → Fe in the field of elliptically polarized waves,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 934–949 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, S. Cartaleva, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and M. Auzinsh, “Electromagnetically induced transparency resonances inverted in magnetic field,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 966–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

P. Yun, J.-M. Danet, D. Holleville, E. de Clercq, and S. Guérandel, “Constructive polarization modulation for coherent population trapping clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231106 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically-induced-absorption resonance with high contrast and narrow width in the Hanle configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125702 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Y. Ma, J. Deng, Z. Hu, H. He, and Y. Wang, “Microwave excited optical transparency enhancement resonances in Hanle-EIT configuration,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(2), 022701 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J.-M. Mérolla, S. Guérandel, C. Gorecki, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Coherent-population-trapping resonances in buffer-gas-filled Cs-vapor cells with push-pull optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013416 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. X. Esnault, E. Blanshan, E. N. Ivanov, R. E. Scholten, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Cold-atom double-Λ coherent population trapping clock,” Phys. Rev. A 88(4), 042120 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

Z. D. Grujić, M. M. Lekić, M. Radonjić, D. Arsenović, and B. M. Jelenković, “Ramsey effects in coherent resonances at closed transition Fg = 2 → Fe = 3 of 87Rb,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(24), 245502 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

E. E. Mikhailov, T. Horrom, N. Belcher, and I. Novikova, “Performance of a prototype atomic clock based on lin||lin coherent population trapping resonances in Rb atomic vapor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 417–422 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. V. Balabas, T. Karaulanov, M. P. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Polarized alkali-metal vapor with minute-long transverse spin-relaxation time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 070801 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

K. Watabe, T. Ikegami, A. Takamizawa, S. Yanagimachi, S. Ohshima, and S. Knappe, “High-contrast dark resonances with linearly polarized light on the D1 line of alkali atoms with large nuclear spin,” Appl. Opt. 48(6), 1098–1103 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Kefelian, H. Jiang, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultralow-frequency-noise stabilization of a laser by locking to an optical fiber-delay line,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 914–916 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. A. Zhukov, S. A. Zibrov, G. V. Romanov, Y. O. Dudin, V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. P. Yakovlev, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a bichromatic laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80(3), 033830 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).

2007 (1)

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption due to optical and ground-state coherences in 6Li,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 40(6), 1117–1129 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

M. Musha, Y. Sato, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, A. Ueda, and M. Ishiguro, “Robust and precise length stabilization of a 25-km long optical fiber using an optical interferometric method with a digital phase-frequency discriminator,” Opt. Lett. 82(4), 555–559 (2006).
[Crossref]

I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, R. L. Walsworth, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Cancellation of light shifts in an N-resonance clock,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 622–624 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(16-17), 2583–2591 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, “On the unique possibility to increase significantly the contrast of dark resonances on D1 line of 87Rb,” JETP Lett. 82(7), 398–403 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Zanon, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, “High contrast Ramsey fringes with coherent-population-trapping pulses in a double Lambda atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(19), 193002 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

Y.-Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, “Push-pull optical pumping of pure superposition states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(16), 160802 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, S. V. Kargapoltsev, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, “High-contrast dark resonances on the D1 line of alkali metals in the field of counterpropagating waves,” JETP Lett. 80(4), 236–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. E. Mikhailov, I. Novikova, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and G. R. Welch, “Buffer-gas-induced absorption resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033806 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, “Electromagnetically induced absorption due to transfer of coherence and to transfer of population,” Phys. Rev. A 67(3), 033807 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Taĭchenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in a standing wave,” Phys. Rev. A 65(4), 043810 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. V. Papoyan, M. Auzinsh, and K. Bergmann, “Nonlinear Hanle effect in Cs vapor under strong laser excitation,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21(1), 63–71 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Stähler, R. Wynands, S. Knappe, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Coherent population trapping resonances in thermal 85Rb vapor: D1 versus D2 line excitation,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1472–1474 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

F. Renzoni, S. Cartaleva, G. Alzetta, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect in the configuration of crossed laser beam and magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 065401 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, “Coherent effects on the Zeeman sublevels of hyperfine states in optical pumping of Rb by monomode diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 178(1-3), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “On the spontaneous-coherence-transfer-induced sign change of a sub-natural-width nonlinear resonance,” JETP Lett. 69(11), 819–824 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. Wynands and A. Nagel, “Precision spectroscopy with coherent dark states,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 68(1), 1–25 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Vanier, A. Godone, and F. Levi, “Coherent population trapping in cesium: Dark lines and coherent microwave emission,” Phys. Rev. A 58(3), 2345–2358 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of enhanced index of refraction via quantum coherence in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(21), 3935–3938 (1996).
[Crossref]

E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy,” Prog. Opt. 35, 257–354 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

N. Cyr, M. Têtu, and M. Breton, “All-optical microwave frequency standard: a proposal,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42(2), 640–649 (1993).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

1976 (1)

A. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, “An experimental method for the observation of r.f. transitions and laser beat resonances in oriented Na vapour,” Nuovo Cimento B 36(1), 5–20 (1976).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

M. A. Bouchiat and J. Brossel, “Relaxation of optically pumped Rb atoms on paraffin-coated walls,” Phys. Rev. 147(1), 41–54 (1966).
[Crossref]

Abdel Hafiz, M.

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Calosso, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Symmetric autobalanced Ramsey interrogation for high-performance coherent-population-trapping vapor-cell atomic clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(24), 244102 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, P. Yun, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “A high-performance Raman-Ramsey Cs vapor cell atomic clock,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(10), 104903 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, D. V. Brazhnikov, G. Coget, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “High-contrast sub-Doppler absorption spikes in a hot atomic vapor cell exposed to a dual-frequency laser field,” New J. Phys. 19(7), 073028 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Doppler-free spectroscopy on the Cs D1 line with a dual-frequency laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(13), 2982–2985 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adams, C. S.

Affolderbach, C.

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Taĭchenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in a standing wave,” Phys. Rev. A 65(4), 043810 (2002).
[Crossref]

Akulshin, A. M.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption due to optical and ground-state coherences in 6Li,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 40(6), 1117–1129 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
[Crossref]

Almonacil, S.

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Alzetta, A.

A. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, “An experimental method for the observation of r.f. transitions and laser beat resonances in oriented Na vapour,” Nuovo Cimento B 36(1), 5–20 (1976).
[Crossref]

Alzetta, G.

F. Renzoni, S. Cartaleva, G. Alzetta, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect in the configuration of crossed laser beam and magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 065401 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, “Coherent effects on the Zeeman sublevels of hyperfine states in optical pumping of Rb by monomode diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 178(1-3), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref]

Andreeva, C.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

Andreeva, Ch.

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, V. I. Vishnyakov, M. N. Skvortsov, Ch. Andreeva, V. M. Entin, and I. I. Ryabtsev, “High-quality electromagnetically-induced absorption resonances in a buffer-gas-filled vapour cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025701 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, “Coherent effects on the Zeeman sublevels of hyperfine states in optical pumping of Rb by monomode diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 178(1-3), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref]

Arimondo, E.

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Renzoni, S. Cartaleva, G. Alzetta, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect in the configuration of crossed laser beam and magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 065401 (2001).
[Crossref]

E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy,” Prog. Opt. 35, 257–354 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaizer, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Laser cooling below the one-photon recoil energy by velocity-selective coherent population trapping: theoretical analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(11), 2112–2124 (1989).
[Crossref]

Arsenovic, D.

Z. D. Grujić, M. M. Lekić, M. Radonjić, D. Arsenović, and B. M. Jelenković, “Ramsey effects in coherent resonances at closed transition Fg = 2 → Fe = 3 of 87Rb,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(24), 245502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aspect, A.

Audoin, C.

J. Vanier and C. Audoin, The Quantum Physics of Atomic Frequency Standards (Adam Hilger, Bristol, England, 1989).

Auzinsh, M.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, S. Cartaleva, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and M. Auzinsh, “Electromagnetically induced transparency resonances inverted in magnetic field,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 966–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. V. Papoyan, M. Auzinsh, and K. Bergmann, “Nonlinear Hanle effect in Cs vapor under strong laser excitation,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21(1), 63–71 (2002).
[Crossref]

Balabas, M. V.

M. V. Balabas, T. Karaulanov, M. P. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Polarized alkali-metal vapor with minute-long transverse spin-relaxation time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 070801 (2010).
[Crossref]

Barreiro, S.

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
[Crossref]

Belcher, N.

Bergmann, K.

A. V. Papoyan, M. Auzinsh, and K. Bergmann, “Nonlinear Hanle effect in Cs vapor under strong laser excitation,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21(1), 63–71 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bharti, V.

M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Tuning of the Hanle effect from EIT to EIA using spatially separated probe and control beams,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7525 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Ravi, M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Polarization-dependent tuning of the Hanle effect in the ground state of Cs,” Europhys. Lett. 117(6), 63002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bhattarai, M.

M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Tuning of the Hanle effect from EIT to EIA using spatially separated probe and control beams,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7525 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Ravi, M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Polarization-dependent tuning of the Hanle effect in the ground state of Cs,” Europhys. Lett. 117(6), 63002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Biancalana, V.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bimbard, E.

Blanshan, E.

F. X. Esnault, E. Blanshan, E. N. Ivanov, R. E. Scholten, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Cold-atom double-Λ coherent population trapping clock,” Phys. Rev. A 88(4), 042120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bouchiat, M. A.

M. A. Bouchiat and J. Brossel, “Relaxation of optically pumped Rb atoms on paraffin-coated walls,” Phys. Rev. 147(1), 41–54 (1966).
[Crossref]

Boudot, R.

D. V. Brazhnikov, M. Petersen, G. Coget, N. Passilly, V. Maurice, C. Gorecki, and R. Boudot, “Dual-frequency sub-Doppler spectroscopy: Extended theoretical model and microcell-based experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 99(6), 062508 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Ramsey spectroscopy with displaced frequency jumps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(11), 113601 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 114(14), 141106 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Calosso, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Symmetric autobalanced Ramsey interrogation for high-performance coherent-population-trapping vapor-cell atomic clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(24), 244102 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, P. Yun, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “A high-performance Raman-Ramsey Cs vapor cell atomic clock,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(10), 104903 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, D. V. Brazhnikov, G. Coget, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “High-contrast sub-Doppler absorption spikes in a hot atomic vapor cell exposed to a dual-frequency laser field,” New J. Phys. 19(7), 073028 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Doppler-free spectroscopy on the Cs D1 line with a dual-frequency laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(13), 2982–2985 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J.-M. Mérolla, S. Guérandel, C. Gorecki, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Coherent-population-trapping resonances in buffer-gas-filled Cs-vapor cells with push-pull optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013416 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brazhnikov, D. V.

D. V. Brazhnikov, M. Petersen, G. Coget, N. Passilly, V. Maurice, C. Gorecki, and R. Boudot, “Dual-frequency sub-Doppler spectroscopy: Extended theoretical model and microcell-based experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 99(6), 062508 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, A. S. Novokreshchenov, and M. N. Skvortsov, “Ultrahigh-quality electromagnetically induced absorption resonances in a cesium vapor cell,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(21), 215002 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, V. I. Vishnyakov, M. N. Skvortsov, Ch. Andreeva, V. M. Entin, and I. I. Ryabtsev, “High-quality electromagnetically-induced absorption resonances in a buffer-gas-filled vapour cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025701 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, D. V. Brazhnikov, G. Coget, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “High-contrast sub-Doppler absorption spikes in a hot atomic vapor cell exposed to a dual-frequency laser field,” New J. Phys. 19(7), 073028 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. B. Lazebnyi, D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, M. Yu. Basalaev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and electromagnetically induced transparency for optical transitions Fg → Fe in the field of elliptically polarized waves,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 934–949 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically-induced-absorption resonance with high contrast and narrow width in the Hanle configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Breton, M.

N. Cyr, M. Têtu, and M. Breton, “All-optical microwave frequency standard: a proposal,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42(2), 640–649 (1993).
[Crossref]

Brossel, J.

M. A. Bouchiat and J. Brossel, “Relaxation of optically pumped Rb atoms on paraffin-coated walls,” Phys. Rev. 147(1), 41–54 (1966).
[Crossref]

Budker, D.

M. V. Balabas, T. Karaulanov, M. P. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Polarized alkali-metal vapor with minute-long transverse spin-relaxation time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 070801 (2010).
[Crossref]

Burchianti, A.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

Calosso, C.

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Calosso, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Symmetric autobalanced Ramsey interrogation for high-performance coherent-population-trapping vapor-cell atomic clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(24), 244102 (2018).
[Crossref]

Calosso, C. E.

P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cartaleva, S.

S. Gozzini, A. Fioretti, A. Lucchesini, L. Marmugi, C. Marinelli, S. Tsvetkov, S. Gateva, and S. Cartaleva, “Tunable and polarization-controlled high-contrast bright and dark coherent resonances in potassium,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 2930–2933 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, S. Cartaleva, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and M. Auzinsh, “Electromagnetically induced transparency resonances inverted in magnetic field,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 966–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Renzoni, S. Cartaleva, G. Alzetta, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect in the configuration of crossed laser beam and magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 065401 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, “Coherent effects on the Zeeman sublevels of hyperfine states in optical pumping of Rb by monomode diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 178(1-3), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref]

Clairon, A.

T. Zanon, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, “High contrast Ramsey fringes with coherent-population-trapping pulses in a double Lambda atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(19), 193002 (2005).
[Crossref]

Coget, G.

D. V. Brazhnikov, M. Petersen, G. Coget, N. Passilly, V. Maurice, C. Gorecki, and R. Boudot, “Dual-frequency sub-Doppler spectroscopy: Extended theoretical model and microcell-based experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 99(6), 062508 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Calosso, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Symmetric autobalanced Ramsey interrogation for high-performance coherent-population-trapping vapor-cell atomic clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(24), 244102 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, P. Yun, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “A high-performance Raman-Ramsey Cs vapor cell atomic clock,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(10), 104903 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, D. V. Brazhnikov, G. Coget, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “High-contrast sub-Doppler absorption spikes in a hot atomic vapor cell exposed to a dual-frequency laser field,” New J. Phys. 19(7), 073028 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Doppler-free spectroscopy on the Cs D1 line with a dual-frequency laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(13), 2982–2985 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

Cyr, N.

N. Cyr, M. Têtu, and M. Breton, “All-optical microwave frequency standard: a proposal,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42(2), 640–649 (1993).
[Crossref]

Dancheva, Y.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, “Coherent effects on the Zeeman sublevels of hyperfine states in optical pumping of Rb by monomode diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 178(1-3), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref]

Danet, J.-M.

P. Yun, J.-M. Danet, D. Holleville, E. de Clercq, and S. Guérandel, “Constructive polarization modulation for coherent population trapping clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231106 (2014).
[Crossref]

de Clercq, E.

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Calosso, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Symmetric autobalanced Ramsey interrogation for high-performance coherent-population-trapping vapor-cell atomic clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(24), 244102 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, P. Yun, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “A high-performance Raman-Ramsey Cs vapor cell atomic clock,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(10), 104903 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, D. V. Brazhnikov, G. Coget, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “High-contrast sub-Doppler absorption spikes in a hot atomic vapor cell exposed to a dual-frequency laser field,” New J. Phys. 19(7), 073028 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Doppler-free spectroscopy on the Cs D1 line with a dual-frequency laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(13), 2982–2985 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Yun, J.-M. Danet, D. Holleville, E. de Clercq, and S. Guérandel, “Constructive polarization modulation for coherent population trapping clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231106 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J.-M. Mérolla, S. Guérandel, C. Gorecki, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Coherent-population-trapping resonances in buffer-gas-filled Cs-vapor cells with push-pull optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013416 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Zanon, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, “High contrast Ramsey fringes with coherent-population-trapping pulses in a double Lambda atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(19), 193002 (2005).
[Crossref]

Deng, J.

Dimarcq, N.

T. Zanon, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, “High contrast Ramsey fringes with coherent-population-trapping pulses in a double Lambda atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(19), 193002 (2005).
[Crossref]

Donley, E. A.

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Ramsey spectroscopy with displaced frequency jumps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(11), 113601 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 114(14), 141106 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “High contrast dark resonances in a cold-atom clock probed with counterpropagating circularly polarized beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 224102 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. X. Esnault, E. Blanshan, E. N. Ivanov, R. E. Scholten, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Cold-atom double-Λ coherent population trapping clock,” Phys. Rev. A 88(4), 042120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dudin, Y. O.

A. A. Zhukov, S. A. Zibrov, G. V. Romanov, Y. O. Dudin, V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. P. Yakovlev, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a bichromatic laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80(3), 033830 (2009).
[Crossref]

Duffy, G. J.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption due to optical and ground-state coherences in 6Li,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 40(6), 1117–1129 (2007).
[Crossref]

Entin, V. M.

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, V. I. Vishnyakov, M. N. Skvortsov, Ch. Andreeva, V. M. Entin, and I. I. Ryabtsev, “High-quality electromagnetically-induced absorption resonances in a buffer-gas-filled vapour cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025701 (2018).
[Crossref]

Esnault, F. X.

F. X. Esnault, E. Blanshan, E. N. Ivanov, R. E. Scholten, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Cold-atom double-Λ coherent population trapping clock,” Phys. Rev. A 88(4), 042120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fioretti, A.

L. Lenci, L. Marmugi, F. Renzoni, S. Gozzini, A. Lucchesini, and A. Fioretti, “Time-domain Ramsey-narrowed sub-kHz electromagnetically induced absorption in atomic potassium,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(8), 085002 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Gozzini, A. Fioretti, A. Lucchesini, L. Marmugi, C. Marinelli, S. Tsvetkov, S. Gateva, and S. Cartaleva, “Tunable and polarization-controlled high-contrast bright and dark coherent resonances in potassium,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 2930–2933 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Francois, B.

P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
[Crossref]

Friedmann, H.

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, “Electromagnetically induced absorption due to transfer of coherence and to transfer of population,” Phys. Rev. A 67(3), 033807 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fuchs, J.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption due to optical and ground-state coherences in 6Li,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 40(6), 1117–1129 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gateva, S.

Godone, A.

J. Vanier, A. Godone, and F. Levi, “Coherent population trapping in cesium: Dark lines and coherent microwave emission,” Phys. Rev. A 58(3), 2345–2358 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gorecki, C.

D. V. Brazhnikov, M. Petersen, G. Coget, N. Passilly, V. Maurice, C. Gorecki, and R. Boudot, “Dual-frequency sub-Doppler spectroscopy: Extended theoretical model and microcell-based experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 99(6), 062508 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J.-M. Mérolla, S. Guérandel, C. Gorecki, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Coherent-population-trapping resonances in buffer-gas-filled Cs-vapor cells with push-pull optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013416 (2013).
[Crossref]

Goren, C.

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, “Electromagnetically induced absorption due to transfer of coherence and to transfer of population,” Phys. Rev. A 67(3), 033807 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gozzini, A.

A. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, “An experimental method for the observation of r.f. transitions and laser beat resonances in oriented Na vapour,” Nuovo Cimento B 36(1), 5–20 (1976).
[Crossref]

Gozzini, S.

L. Lenci, L. Marmugi, F. Renzoni, S. Gozzini, A. Lucchesini, and A. Fioretti, “Time-domain Ramsey-narrowed sub-kHz electromagnetically induced absorption in atomic potassium,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(8), 085002 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Gozzini, A. Fioretti, A. Lucchesini, L. Marmugi, C. Marinelli, S. Tsvetkov, S. Gateva, and S. Cartaleva, “Tunable and polarization-controlled high-contrast bright and dark coherent resonances in potassium,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 2930–2933 (2017).
[Crossref]

Grigoryan, G.

A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).

Grujic, Z. D.

Z. D. Grujić, M. M. Lekić, M. Radonjić, D. Arsenović, and B. M. Jelenković, “Ramsey effects in coherent resonances at closed transition Fg = 2 → Fe = 3 of 87Rb,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(24), 245502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guérandel, S.

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Calosso, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Symmetric autobalanced Ramsey interrogation for high-performance coherent-population-trapping vapor-cell atomic clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(24), 244102 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, P. Yun, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “A high-performance Raman-Ramsey Cs vapor cell atomic clock,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(10), 104903 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Yun, J.-M. Danet, D. Holleville, E. de Clercq, and S. Guérandel, “Constructive polarization modulation for coherent population trapping clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231106 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J.-M. Mérolla, S. Guérandel, C. Gorecki, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Coherent-population-trapping resonances in buffer-gas-filled Cs-vapor cells with push-pull optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013416 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Zanon, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, “High contrast Ramsey fringes with coherent-population-trapping pulses in a double Lambda atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(19), 193002 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guidry, M. A.

Hannaford, P.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption due to optical and ground-state coherences in 6Li,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 40(6), 1117–1129 (2007).
[Crossref]

Happer, W.

Y.-Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, “Push-pull optical pumping of pure superposition states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(16), 160802 (2004).
[Crossref]

He, H.

Hollberg, L.

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, S. V. Kargapoltsev, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, “High-contrast dark resonances on the D1 line of alkali metals in the field of counterpropagating waves,” JETP Lett. 80(4), 236–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Stähler, R. Wynands, S. Knappe, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Coherent population trapping resonances in thermal 85Rb vapor: D1 versus D2 line excitation,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1472–1474 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of enhanced index of refraction via quantum coherence in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(21), 3935–3938 (1996).
[Crossref]

Holleville, D.

P. Yun, J.-M. Danet, D. Holleville, E. de Clercq, and S. Guérandel, “Constructive polarization modulation for coherent population trapping clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231106 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Zanon, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, “High contrast Ramsey fringes with coherent-population-trapping pulses in a double Lambda atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(19), 193002 (2005).
[Crossref]

Horrom, T.

Hu, Z.

Hughes, I. G.

Ignatovich, S. M.

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, A. S. Novokreshchenov, and M. N. Skvortsov, “Ultrahigh-quality electromagnetically induced absorption resonances in a cesium vapor cell,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(21), 215002 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, V. I. Vishnyakov, M. N. Skvortsov, Ch. Andreeva, V. M. Entin, and I. I. Ryabtsev, “High-quality electromagnetically-induced absorption resonances in a buffer-gas-filled vapour cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025701 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ikegami, T.

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ishiguro, M.

M. Musha, Y. Sato, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, A. Ueda, and M. Ishiguro, “Robust and precise length stabilization of a 25-km long optical fiber using an optical interferometric method with a digital phase-frequency discriminator,” Opt. Lett. 82(4), 555–559 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, E. N.

F. X. Esnault, E. Blanshan, E. N. Ivanov, R. E. Scholten, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Cold-atom double-Λ coherent population trapping clock,” Phys. Rev. A 88(4), 042120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jau, Y.-Y.

Y.-Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, “Push-pull optical pumping of pure superposition states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(16), 160802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jelenkovic, B. M.

Z. D. Grujić, M. M. Lekić, M. Radonjić, D. Arsenović, and B. M. Jelenković, “Ramsey effects in coherent resonances at closed transition Fg = 2 → Fe = 3 of 87Rb,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(24), 245502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

Kaizer, R.

Karaulanov, T.

M. V. Balabas, T. Karaulanov, M. P. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Polarized alkali-metal vapor with minute-long transverse spin-relaxation time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 070801 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kargapoltsev, S. V.

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, S. V. Kargapoltsev, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, “High-contrast dark resonances on the D1 line of alkali metals in the field of counterpropagating waves,” JETP Lett. 80(4), 236–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

Keaveney, J.

Kefelian, F.

Kim, H.-J.

Kitching, J.

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Ramsey spectroscopy with displaced frequency jumps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(11), 113601 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 114(14), 141106 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Kitching, “Chip-scale atomic devices,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 5(3), 031302 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “High contrast dark resonances in a cold-atom clock probed with counterpropagating circularly polarized beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 224102 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. X. Esnault, E. Blanshan, E. N. Ivanov, R. E. Scholten, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Cold-atom double-Λ coherent population trapping clock,” Phys. Rev. A 88(4), 042120 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, S. V. Kargapoltsev, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, “High-contrast dark resonances on the D1 line of alkali metals in the field of counterpropagating waves,” JETP Lett. 80(4), 236–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Stähler, R. Wynands, S. Knappe, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Coherent population trapping resonances in thermal 85Rb vapor: D1 versus D2 line excitation,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1472–1474 (2002).
[Crossref]

Klein, M.

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(16-17), 2583–2591 (2006).
[Crossref]

Knappe, S.

Kuchina, E.

Kuzma, N. N.

Y.-Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, “Push-pull optical pumping of pure superposition states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(16), 160802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lazebnyi, D. B.

D. B. Lazebnyi, D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, M. Yu. Basalaev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and electromagnetically induced transparency for optical transitions Fg → Fe in the field of elliptically polarized waves,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 934–949 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ledbetter, M. P.

M. V. Balabas, T. Karaulanov, M. P. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Polarized alkali-metal vapor with minute-long transverse spin-relaxation time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 070801 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lefevre, R.

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lekic, M. M.

Z. D. Grujić, M. M. Lekić, M. Radonjić, D. Arsenović, and B. M. Jelenković, “Ramsey effects in coherent resonances at closed transition Fg = 2 → Fe = 3 of 87Rb,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(24), 245502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lemonde, P.

Lenci, L.

L. Lenci, L. Marmugi, F. Renzoni, S. Gozzini, A. Lucchesini, and A. Fioretti, “Time-domain Ramsey-narrowed sub-kHz electromagnetically induced absorption in atomic potassium,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(8), 085002 (2019).
[Crossref]

Leroy, C.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, S. Cartaleva, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and M. Auzinsh, “Electromagnetically induced transparency resonances inverted in magnetic field,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 966–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).

Levi, F.

J. Vanier, A. Godone, and F. Levi, “Coherent population trapping in cesium: Dark lines and coherent microwave emission,” Phys. Rev. A 58(3), 2345–2358 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lezama, A.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption due to optical and ground-state coherences in 6Li,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 40(6), 1117–1129 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “High contrast dark resonances in a cold-atom clock probed with counterpropagating circularly polarized beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 224102 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J.-M. Mérolla, S. Guérandel, C. Gorecki, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Coherent-population-trapping resonances in buffer-gas-filled Cs-vapor cells with push-pull optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013416 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lucchesini, A.

L. Lenci, L. Marmugi, F. Renzoni, S. Gozzini, A. Lucchesini, and A. Fioretti, “Time-domain Ramsey-narrowed sub-kHz electromagnetically induced absorption in atomic potassium,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(8), 085002 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Gozzini, A. Fioretti, A. Lucchesini, L. Marmugi, C. Marinelli, S. Tsvetkov, S. Gateva, and S. Cartaleva, “Tunable and polarization-controlled high-contrast bright and dark coherent resonances in potassium,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 2930–2933 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lukin, M. D.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of enhanced index of refraction via quantum coherence in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(21), 3935–3938 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

Malakyan, Yu.

A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Marinelli, C.

S. Gozzini, A. Fioretti, A. Lucchesini, L. Marmugi, C. Marinelli, S. Tsvetkov, S. Gateva, and S. Cartaleva, “Tunable and polarization-controlled high-contrast bright and dark coherent resonances in potassium,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 2930–2933 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mariotti, E.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

Marmugi, L.

L. Lenci, L. Marmugi, F. Renzoni, S. Gozzini, A. Lucchesini, and A. Fioretti, “Time-domain Ramsey-narrowed sub-kHz electromagnetically induced absorption in atomic potassium,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(8), 085002 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Gozzini, A. Fioretti, A. Lucchesini, L. Marmugi, C. Marinelli, S. Tsvetkov, S. Gateva, and S. Cartaleva, “Tunable and polarization-controlled high-contrast bright and dark coherent resonances in potassium,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 2930–2933 (2017).
[Crossref]

Maurice, V.

D. V. Brazhnikov, M. Petersen, G. Coget, N. Passilly, V. Maurice, C. Gorecki, and R. Boudot, “Dual-frequency sub-Doppler spectroscopy: Extended theoretical model and microcell-based experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 99(6), 062508 (2019).
[Crossref]

Mérolla, J.-M.

X. Liu, J.-M. Mérolla, S. Guérandel, C. Gorecki, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Coherent-population-trapping resonances in buffer-gas-filled Cs-vapor cells with push-pull optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013416 (2013).
[Crossref]

Metzdorff, R.

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Micalizio, S.

P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mikhailov, E. E.

Minissale, M.

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Miron, E.

Y.-Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, “Push-pull optical pumping of pure superposition states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(16), 160802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Moi, L.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, “An experimental method for the observation of r.f. transitions and laser beat resonances in oriented Na vapour,” Nuovo Cimento B 36(1), 5–20 (1976).
[Crossref]

Moon, H. S.

Musha, M.

M. Musha, Y. Sato, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, A. Ueda, and M. Ishiguro, “Robust and precise length stabilization of a 25-km long optical fiber using an optical interferometric method with a digital phase-frequency discriminator,” Opt. Lett. 82(4), 555–559 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nagel, A.

R. Wynands and A. Nagel, “Precision spectroscopy with coherent dark states,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 68(1), 1–25 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nakagawa, K.

M. Musha, Y. Sato, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, A. Ueda, and M. Ishiguro, “Robust and precise length stabilization of a 25-km long optical fiber using an optical interferometric method with a digital phase-frequency discriminator,” Opt. Lett. 82(4), 555–559 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nasyrov, K.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

Natarajan, V.

M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Tuning of the Hanle effect from EIT to EIA using spatially separated probe and control beams,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7525 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Ravi, M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Polarization-dependent tuning of the Hanle effect in the ground state of Cs,” Europhys. Lett. 117(6), 63002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nikonov, D. E.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of enhanced index of refraction via quantum coherence in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(21), 3935–3938 (1996).
[Crossref]

Novikova, I.

Novokreshchenov, A. S.

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, A. S. Novokreshchenov, and M. N. Skvortsov, “Ultrahigh-quality electromagnetically induced absorption resonances in a cesium vapor cell,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(21), 215002 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ohshima, S.

Orriols, G.

A. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, “An experimental method for the observation of r.f. transitions and laser beat resonances in oriented Na vapour,” Nuovo Cimento B 36(1), 5–20 (1976).
[Crossref]

Papoyan, A.

A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).

Papoyan, A. V.

A. V. Papoyan, M. Auzinsh, and K. Bergmann, “Nonlinear Hanle effect in Cs vapor under strong laser excitation,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21(1), 63–71 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pashayan-Leroy, Y.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, S. Cartaleva, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and M. Auzinsh, “Electromagnetically induced transparency resonances inverted in magnetic field,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 966–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).

Passilly, N.

D. V. Brazhnikov, M. Petersen, G. Coget, N. Passilly, V. Maurice, C. Gorecki, and R. Boudot, “Dual-frequency sub-Doppler spectroscopy: Extended theoretical model and microcell-based experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 99(6), 062508 (2019).
[Crossref]

Pati, G. S.

Z. Warren, M. S. Shahriar, R. Tripathi, and G. S. Pati, “Experimental and theoretical comparison of different optical excitation schemes for a compact coherent population trapping Rb vapor clock,” Metrologia 54(4), 418–431 (2017).
[Crossref]

Petersen, M.

D. V. Brazhnikov, M. Petersen, G. Coget, N. Passilly, V. Maurice, C. Gorecki, and R. Boudot, “Dual-frequency sub-Doppler spectroscopy: Extended theoretical model and microcell-based experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 99(6), 062508 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Calosso, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Symmetric autobalanced Ramsey interrogation for high-performance coherent-population-trapping vapor-cell atomic clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(24), 244102 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phillips, D. F.

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(16-17), 2583–2591 (2006).
[Crossref]

I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, R. L. Walsworth, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Cancellation of light shifts in an N-resonance clock,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 622–624 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pollock, J. W.

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 114(14), 141106 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Ramsey spectroscopy with displaced frequency jumps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(11), 113601 (2019).
[Crossref]

Post, A. B.

Y.-Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, “Push-pull optical pumping of pure superposition states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(16), 160802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Radonjic, M.

Z. D. Grujić, M. M. Lekić, M. Radonjić, D. Arsenović, and B. M. Jelenković, “Ramsey effects in coherent resonances at closed transition Fg = 2 → Fe = 3 of 87Rb,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(24), 245502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ravi, H.

H. Ravi, M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Polarization-dependent tuning of the Hanle effect in the ground state of Cs,” Europhys. Lett. 117(6), 63002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Renzoni, F.

L. Lenci, L. Marmugi, F. Renzoni, S. Gozzini, A. Lucchesini, and A. Fioretti, “Time-domain Ramsey-narrowed sub-kHz electromagnetically induced absorption in atomic potassium,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(8), 085002 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Renzoni, S. Cartaleva, G. Alzetta, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect in the configuration of crossed laser beam and magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 065401 (2001).
[Crossref]

Robinson, H. G.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of enhanced index of refraction via quantum coherence in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(21), 3935–3938 (1996).
[Crossref]

Rocher, C.

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
[Crossref]

Romanov, G. V.

A. A. Zhukov, S. A. Zibrov, G. V. Romanov, Y. O. Dudin, V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. P. Yakovlev, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a bichromatic laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80(3), 033830 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rosenbluh, M.

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, “Electromagnetically induced absorption due to transfer of coherence and to transfer of population,” Phys. Rev. A 67(3), 033807 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rostovtsev, Y. V.

E. E. Mikhailov, I. Novikova, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and G. R. Welch, “Buffer-gas-induced absorption resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033806 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rowlands, W. J.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption due to optical and ground-state coherences in 6Li,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 40(6), 1117–1129 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ryabtsev, I. I.

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, V. I. Vishnyakov, M. N. Skvortsov, Ch. Andreeva, V. M. Entin, and I. I. Ryabtsev, “High-quality electromagnetically-induced absorption resonances in a buffer-gas-filled vapour cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025701 (2018).
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

Sargsyan, A.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, S. Cartaleva, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and M. Auzinsh, “Electromagnetically induced transparency resonances inverted in magnetic field,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 966–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).

Sarkisyan, A.

A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).

Sarkisyan, D.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, S. Cartaleva, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and M. Auzinsh, “Electromagnetically induced transparency resonances inverted in magnetic field,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 966–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).

Sato, Y.

M. Musha, Y. Sato, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, A. Ueda, and M. Ishiguro, “Robust and precise length stabilization of a 25-km long optical fiber using an optical interferometric method with a digital phase-frequency discriminator,” Opt. Lett. 82(4), 555–559 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scholten, R. E.

F. X. Esnault, E. Blanshan, E. N. Ivanov, R. E. Scholten, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Cold-atom double-Λ coherent population trapping clock,” Phys. Rev. A 88(4), 042120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Scully, M. O.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of enhanced index of refraction via quantum coherence in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(21), 3935–3938 (1996).
[Crossref]

Shahriar, M. S.

Z. Warren, M. S. Shahriar, R. Tripathi, and G. S. Pati, “Experimental and theoretical comparison of different optical excitation schemes for a compact coherent population trapping Rb vapor clock,” Metrologia 54(4), 418–431 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shuker, M.

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Ramsey spectroscopy with displaced frequency jumps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(11), 113601 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 114(14), 141106 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sillitoe, N.

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Skvortsov, M. N.

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, A. S. Novokreshchenov, and M. N. Skvortsov, “Ultrahigh-quality electromagnetically induced absorption resonances in a cesium vapor cell,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(21), 215002 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, V. I. Vishnyakov, M. N. Skvortsov, Ch. Andreeva, V. M. Entin, and I. I. Ryabtsev, “High-quality electromagnetically-induced absorption resonances in a buffer-gas-filled vapour cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025701 (2018).
[Crossref]

Stähler, M.

Stenholm, S.

S. Stenholm, Foundations of laser spectroscopy (Wiley Verlag, 1984).

Taichenachev, A. V.

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Ramsey spectroscopy with displaced frequency jumps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(11), 113601 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 114(14), 141106 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “High contrast dark resonances in a cold-atom clock probed with counterpropagating circularly polarized beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 224102 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, D. V. Brazhnikov, G. Coget, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “High-contrast sub-Doppler absorption spikes in a hot atomic vapor cell exposed to a dual-frequency laser field,” New J. Phys. 19(7), 073028 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. B. Lazebnyi, D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, M. Yu. Basalaev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and electromagnetically induced transparency for optical transitions Fg → Fe in the field of elliptically polarized waves,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 934–949 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically-induced-absorption resonance with high contrast and narrow width in the Hanle configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125702 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, R. L. Walsworth, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Cancellation of light shifts in an N-resonance clock,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 622–624 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, “On the unique possibility to increase significantly the contrast of dark resonances on D1 line of 87Rb,” JETP Lett. 82(7), 398–403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, S. V. Kargapoltsev, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, “High-contrast dark resonances on the D1 line of alkali metals in the field of counterpropagating waves,” JETP Lett. 80(4), 236–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Taĭchenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in a standing wave,” Phys. Rev. A 65(4), 043810 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Stähler, R. Wynands, S. Knappe, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Coherent population trapping resonances in thermal 85Rb vapor: D1 versus D2 line excitation,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1472–1474 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “On the spontaneous-coherence-transfer-induced sign change of a sub-natural-width nonlinear resonance,” JETP Lett. 69(11), 819–824 (1999).
[Crossref]

Takamizawa, A.

Taslakov, M.

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, “Coherent effects on the Zeeman sublevels of hyperfine states in optical pumping of Rb by monomode diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 178(1-3), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref]

Têtu, M.

N. Cyr, M. Têtu, and M. Breton, “All-optical microwave frequency standard: a proposal,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42(2), 640–649 (1993).
[Crossref]

Tricot, F.

P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tripathi, R.

Z. Warren, M. S. Shahriar, R. Tripathi, and G. S. Pati, “Experimental and theoretical comparison of different optical excitation schemes for a compact coherent population trapping Rb vapor clock,” Metrologia 54(4), 418–431 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tsvetkov, S.

Tumaikin, A. M.

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically-induced-absorption resonance with high contrast and narrow width in the Hanle configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125702 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “On the spontaneous-coherence-transfer-induced sign change of a sub-natural-width nonlinear resonance,” JETP Lett. 69(11), 819–824 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ueda, A.

M. Musha, Y. Sato, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, A. Ueda, and M. Ishiguro, “Robust and precise length stabilization of a 25-km long optical fiber using an optical interferometric method with a digital phase-frequency discriminator,” Opt. Lett. 82(4), 555–559 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

M. Musha, Y. Sato, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, A. Ueda, and M. Ishiguro, “Robust and precise length stabilization of a 25-km long optical fiber using an optical interferometric method with a digital phase-frequency discriminator,” Opt. Lett. 82(4), 555–559 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vanier, J.

J. Vanier, A. Godone, and F. Levi, “Coherent population trapping in cesium: Dark lines and coherent microwave emission,” Phys. Rev. A 58(3), 2345–2358 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Vanier and C. Audoin, The Quantum Physics of Atomic Frequency Standards (Adam Hilger, Bristol, England, 1989).

Vansteenkiste, N.

Vassiliev, V. V.

A. A. Zhukov, S. A. Zibrov, G. V. Romanov, Y. O. Dudin, V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. P. Yakovlev, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a bichromatic laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80(3), 033830 (2009).
[Crossref]

Velichansky, V. L.

A. A. Zhukov, S. A. Zibrov, G. V. Romanov, Y. O. Dudin, V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. P. Yakovlev, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a bichromatic laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80(3), 033830 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, “On the unique possibility to increase significantly the contrast of dark resonances on D1 line of 87Rb,” JETP Lett. 82(7), 398–403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, S. V. Kargapoltsev, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, “High-contrast dark resonances on the D1 line of alkali metals in the field of counterpropagating waves,” JETP Lett. 80(4), 236–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of enhanced index of refraction via quantum coherence in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(21), 3935–3938 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vishnyakov, V. I.

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, V. I. Vishnyakov, M. N. Skvortsov, Ch. Andreeva, V. M. Entin, and I. I. Ryabtsev, “High-quality electromagnetically-induced absorption resonances in a buffer-gas-filled vapour cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025701 (2018).
[Crossref]

Walsworth, R. L.

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(16-17), 2583–2591 (2006).
[Crossref]

I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, R. L. Walsworth, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Cancellation of light shifts in an N-resonance clock,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 622–624 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Warren, Z.

Z. Warren, M. S. Shahriar, R. Tripathi, and G. S. Pati, “Experimental and theoretical comparison of different optical excitation schemes for a compact coherent population trapping Rb vapor clock,” Metrologia 54(4), 418–431 (2017).
[Crossref]

Watabe, K.

Welch, G. R.

E. E. Mikhailov, I. Novikova, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and G. R. Welch, “Buffer-gas-induced absorption resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033806 (2004).
[Crossref]

Whiting, D. J.

Wilson-Gordon, A. D.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, S. Cartaleva, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and M. Auzinsh, “Electromagnetically induced transparency resonances inverted in magnetic field,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 966–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, “Electromagnetically induced absorption due to transfer of coherence and to transfer of population,” Phys. Rev. A 67(3), 033807 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wynands, R.

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, S. V. Kargapoltsev, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, “High-contrast dark resonances on the D1 line of alkali metals in the field of counterpropagating waves,” JETP Lett. 80(4), 236–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Taĭchenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in a standing wave,” Phys. Rev. A 65(4), 043810 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Stähler, R. Wynands, S. Knappe, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Coherent population trapping resonances in thermal 85Rb vapor: D1 versus D2 line excitation,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1472–1474 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Wynands and A. Nagel, “Precision spectroscopy with coherent dark states,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 68(1), 1–25 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, V. P.

A. A. Zhukov, S. A. Zibrov, G. V. Romanov, Y. O. Dudin, V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. P. Yakovlev, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a bichromatic laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80(3), 033830 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yanagimachi, S.

Yu. Basalaev, M.

D. B. Lazebnyi, D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, M. Yu. Basalaev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and electromagnetically induced transparency for optical transitions Fg → Fe in the field of elliptically polarized waves,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 934–949 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yudin, V. I.

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Ramsey spectroscopy with displaced frequency jumps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(11), 113601 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 114(14), 141106 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “High contrast dark resonances in a cold-atom clock probed with counterpropagating circularly polarized beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 224102 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, D. V. Brazhnikov, G. Coget, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “High-contrast sub-Doppler absorption spikes in a hot atomic vapor cell exposed to a dual-frequency laser field,” New J. Phys. 19(7), 073028 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. B. Lazebnyi, D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, M. Yu. Basalaev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and electromagnetically induced transparency for optical transitions Fg → Fe in the field of elliptically polarized waves,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 934–949 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically-induced-absorption resonance with high contrast and narrow width in the Hanle configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125702 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, R. L. Walsworth, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Cancellation of light shifts in an N-resonance clock,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 622–624 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, “On the unique possibility to increase significantly the contrast of dark resonances on D1 line of 87Rb,” JETP Lett. 82(7), 398–403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, S. V. Kargapoltsev, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, “High-contrast dark resonances on the D1 line of alkali metals in the field of counterpropagating waves,” JETP Lett. 80(4), 236–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Taĭchenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in a standing wave,” Phys. Rev. A 65(4), 043810 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Stähler, R. Wynands, S. Knappe, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Coherent population trapping resonances in thermal 85Rb vapor: D1 versus D2 line excitation,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1472–1474 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “On the spontaneous-coherence-transfer-induced sign change of a sub-natural-width nonlinear resonance,” JETP Lett. 69(11), 819–824 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yun, P.

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, P. Yun, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “A high-performance Raman-Ramsey Cs vapor cell atomic clock,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(10), 104903 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Yun, J.-M. Danet, D. Holleville, E. de Clercq, and S. Guérandel, “Constructive polarization modulation for coherent population trapping clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zanon, T.

T. Zanon, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, “High contrast Ramsey fringes with coherent-population-trapping pulses in a double Lambda atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(19), 193002 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zanon-Willette, T.

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zentile, M. A.

Zhukov, A. A.

A. A. Zhukov, S. A. Zibrov, G. V. Romanov, Y. O. Dudin, V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. P. Yakovlev, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a bichromatic laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80(3), 033830 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zibrov, A. S.

I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, R. L. Walsworth, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Cancellation of light shifts in an N-resonance clock,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 622–624 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of enhanced index of refraction via quantum coherence in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(21), 3935–3938 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zibrov, S. A.

A. A. Zhukov, S. A. Zibrov, G. V. Romanov, Y. O. Dudin, V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. P. Yakovlev, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a bichromatic laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80(3), 033830 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, “On the unique possibility to increase significantly the contrast of dark resonances on D1 line of 87Rb,” JETP Lett. 82(7), 398–403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

R. Wynands and A. Nagel, “Precision spectroscopy with coherent dark states,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 68(1), 1–25 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

P. Yun, J.-M. Danet, D. Holleville, E. de Clercq, and S. Guérandel, “Constructive polarization modulation for coherent population trapping clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231106 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Calosso, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Symmetric autobalanced Ramsey interrogation for high-performance coherent-population-trapping vapor-cell atomic clock,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(24), 244102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “High contrast dark resonances in a cold-atom clock probed with counterpropagating circularly polarized beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 224102 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 114(14), 141106 (2019).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Rev. (1)

J. Kitching, “Chip-scale atomic devices,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 5(3), 031302 (2018).
[Crossref]

Armenian J. Phys. (1)

A. Sargsyan, A. Papoyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, G. Grigoryan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, and C. Leroy, “Narrow and contrast resonance of increased absorption in Λ-system observed in Rb cell with buffer gas,” Armenian J. Phys. 2(2), 84–94 (2009).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

A. V. Papoyan, M. Auzinsh, and K. Bergmann, “Nonlinear Hanle effect in Cs vapor under strong laser excitation,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21(1), 63–71 (2002).
[Crossref]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

H. Ravi, M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Polarization-dependent tuning of the Hanle effect in the ground state of Cs,” Europhys. Lett. 117(6), 63002 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

N. Cyr, M. Têtu, and M. Breton, “All-optical microwave frequency standard: a proposal,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42(2), 640–649 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, P. Yun, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “A high-performance Raman-Ramsey Cs vapor cell atomic clock,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(10), 104903 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Exp. Theor. Phys. (2)

D. B. Lazebnyi, D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, M. Yu. Basalaev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and electromagnetically induced transparency for optical transitions Fg → Fe in the field of elliptically polarized waves,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 934–949 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, S. Cartaleva, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and M. Auzinsh, “Electromagnetically induced transparency resonances inverted in magnetic field,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 121(6), 966–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(16-17), 2583–2591 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. (4)

L. Lenci, L. Marmugi, F. Renzoni, S. Gozzini, A. Lucchesini, and A. Fioretti, “Time-domain Ramsey-narrowed sub-kHz electromagnetically induced absorption in atomic potassium,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(8), 085002 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. D. Grujić, M. M. Lekić, M. Radonjić, D. Arsenović, and B. M. Jelenković, “Ramsey effects in coherent resonances at closed transition Fg = 2 → Fe = 3 of 87Rb,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(24), 245502 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, A. S. Novokreshchenov, and M. N. Skvortsov, “Ultrahigh-quality electromagnetically induced absorption resonances in a cesium vapor cell,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 52(21), 215002 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption due to optical and ground-state coherences in 6Li,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 40(6), 1117–1129 (2007).
[Crossref]

JETP Lett. (3)

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, S. V. Kargapoltsev, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, “High-contrast dark resonances on the D1 line of alkali metals in the field of counterpropagating waves,” JETP Lett. 80(4), 236–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, “On the unique possibility to increase significantly the contrast of dark resonances on D1 line of 87Rb,” JETP Lett. 82(7), 398–403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “On the spontaneous-coherence-transfer-induced sign change of a sub-natural-width nonlinear resonance,” JETP Lett. 69(11), 819–824 (1999).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

D. V. Brazhnikov, S. M. Ignatovich, V. I. Vishnyakov, M. N. Skvortsov, Ch. Andreeva, V. M. Entin, and I. I. Ryabtsev, “High-quality electromagnetically-induced absorption resonances in a buffer-gas-filled vapour cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025701 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically-induced-absorption resonance with high contrast and narrow width in the Hanle configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Metrologia (1)

Z. Warren, M. S. Shahriar, R. Tripathi, and G. S. Pati, “Experimental and theoretical comparison of different optical excitation schemes for a compact coherent population trapping Rb vapor clock,” Metrologia 54(4), 418–431 (2017).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Abdel Hafiz, D. V. Brazhnikov, G. Coget, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “High-contrast sub-Doppler absorption spikes in a hot atomic vapor cell exposed to a dual-frequency laser field,” New J. Phys. 19(7), 073028 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nuovo Cimento B (1)

A. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, “An experimental method for the observation of r.f. transitions and laser beat resonances in oriented Na vapour,” Nuovo Cimento B 36(1), 5–20 (1976).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, “Coherent effects on the Zeeman sublevels of hyperfine states in optical pumping of Rb by monomode diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 178(1-3), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

M. Musha, Y. Sato, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, A. Ueda, and M. Ishiguro, “Robust and precise length stabilization of a 25-km long optical fiber using an optical interferometric method with a digital phase-frequency discriminator,” Opt. Lett. 82(4), 555–559 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. J. Whiting, E. Bimbard, J. Keaveney, M. A. Zentile, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a nondegenerate three-level ladder system,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4289–4292 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Doppler-free spectroscopy on the Cs D1 line with a dual-frequency laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(13), 2982–2985 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Gozzini, A. Fioretti, A. Lucchesini, L. Marmugi, C. Marinelli, S. Tsvetkov, S. Gateva, and S. Cartaleva, “Tunable and polarization-controlled high-contrast bright and dark coherent resonances in potassium,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 2930–2933 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Stähler, R. Wynands, S. Knappe, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Coherent population trapping resonances in thermal 85Rb vapor: D1 versus D2 line excitation,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1472–1474 (2002).
[Crossref]

I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, R. L. Walsworth, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Cancellation of light shifts in an N-resonance clock,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 622–624 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Kefelian, H. Jiang, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultralow-frequency-noise stabilization of a laser by locking to an optical fiber-delay line,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 914–916 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

M. A. Bouchiat and J. Brossel, “Relaxation of optically pumped Rb atoms on paraffin-coated walls,” Phys. Rev. 147(1), 41–54 (1966).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (11)

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Vanier, A. Godone, and F. Levi, “Coherent population trapping in cesium: Dark lines and coherent microwave emission,” Phys. Rev. A 58(3), 2345–2358 (1998).
[Crossref]

F. X. Esnault, E. Blanshan, E. N. Ivanov, R. E. Scholten, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Cold-atom double-Λ coherent population trapping clock,” Phys. Rev. A 88(4), 042120 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Renzoni, S. Cartaleva, G. Alzetta, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect in the configuration of crossed laser beam and magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 065401 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Taĭchenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in a standing wave,” Phys. Rev. A 65(4), 043810 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66(1), 012502 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, “Electromagnetically induced absorption due to transfer of coherence and to transfer of population,” Phys. Rev. A 67(3), 033807 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. A. Zhukov, S. A. Zibrov, G. V. Romanov, Y. O. Dudin, V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. P. Yakovlev, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a bichromatic laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80(3), 033830 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. E. Mikhailov, I. Novikova, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and G. R. Welch, “Buffer-gas-induced absorption resonances in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033806 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. V. Brazhnikov, M. Petersen, G. Coget, N. Passilly, V. Maurice, C. Gorecki, and R. Boudot, “Dual-frequency sub-Doppler spectroscopy: Extended theoretical model and microcell-based experiments,” Phys. Rev. A 99(6), 062508 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J.-M. Mérolla, S. Guérandel, C. Gorecki, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Coherent-population-trapping resonances in buffer-gas-filled Cs-vapor cells with push-pull optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013416 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Appl. (2)

P. Yun, F. Tricot, C. E. Calosso, S. Micalizio, B. Francois, R. Boudot, S. Guérandel, and E. de Clercq, “High-performance coherent population trapping clock with polarization modulation,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014018 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Abdel Hafiz, G. Coget, M. Petersen, C. Rocher, S. Guérandel, T. Zanon-Willette, E. de Clercq, and R. Boudot, “Toward a high-stability coherent population trapping Cs vapor-cell atomic clock using autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 9(6), 064002 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

M. V. Balabas, T. Karaulanov, M. P. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Polarized alkali-metal vapor with minute-long transverse spin-relaxation time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 070801 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Zanon, S. Guérandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, “High contrast Ramsey fringes with coherent-population-trapping pulses in a double Lambda atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(19), 193002 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y.-Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, “Push-pull optical pumping of pure superposition states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(16), 160802 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of enhanced index of refraction via quantum coherence in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(21), 3935–3938 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, J. W. Pollock, R. Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, J. Kitching, and E. A. Donley, “Ramsey spectroscopy with displaced frequency jumps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(11), 113601 (2019).
[Crossref]

Prog. Opt. (1)

E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy,” Prog. Opt. 35, 257–354 (1996).
[Crossref]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

T. Zanon-Willette, R. Lefevre, R. Metzdorff, N. Sillitoe, S. Almonacil, M. Minissale, E. de Clercq, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and E. Arimondo, “Composite laser-pulses spectroscopy for high-accuracy optical clocks: a review of recent progress and perspectives,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(9), 094401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

M. Bhattarai, V. Bharti, and V. Natarajan, “Tuning of the Hanle effect from EIT to EIA using spatially separated probe and control beams,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7525 (2018).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. Vanier and C. Audoin, The Quantum Physics of Atomic Frequency Standards (Adam Hilger, Bristol, England, 1989).

S. Stenholm, Foundations of laser spectroscopy (Wiley Verlag, 1984).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Experimental setup. DBR: DBR laser, EOM: intensity electro-optic modulator, $\mu$-wave: microwave frequency synthesizer, PBS: polarizing beam splitter, PD: photodetector, QWP: quarter-wave plate, M1 and M2: two mirrors on a translation stage, D: iris diaphragm. (b) Simplified scheme of the Cs D$_1$ line energy levels involved in the EIA experiment. Atoms are assumed to be at rest. The vertical lines denote $\sigma ^+$ light-induced transitions which are in two-photon resonance with the atoms. Blue and red lines stand for $\omega _1$ and $\omega _2$ angular optical frequencies, respectively. The other transitions are not in resonance and are not shown. $\Delta _g$ stands for the microwave frequency of the ground-state hyperfine splitting. A static magnetic field is applied parallel to the wave vectors to frequency-split the ground-state levels. The splitting of the excited-state levels is not relevant in our study. (c) $\Lambda$-scheme of atomic energy levels under the two-photon resonance (left) and not in the resonance (right). Circles reflect qualitatively the energy-level populations. The pink color is for the atoms in the CPT dark state, while the yellow color is for other atoms. Wavy arrows denote spontaneous decay.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Detection of EIA resonances. In the first case with light beams of different intensities (green steep dip, left "y" axis), the typical clock EIA resonance is observed. The resonance linewidth is 850 Hz and the resonance contrast is 2.5%. Experimental data are fitted by a Lorentzian function. The cell temperature is 60$^{\circ }$C. The control and probe beam powers are $40$ $\mu$W and $4.5$ $\mu$W respectively. In the second case (blue line and right "y" axis), the EIA resonance is almost absent, having extremely low contrast of about 0.13%. This occurs when the beams have close powers: $P_\textrm {c}\approx P_\textrm {p}=40$ $\mu$W.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Sketch of light field absorption in a vapor cell under the regime of equal intensities of counterpropagating waves. EIA and EIT denote the regions which contribute to the creation of subnatural-linewidth absorption and transparency resonances in the probe wave transmission signal (see blue curve in Fig. 2). The effect of spatial oscillations of the light field absorption within the cell is neglected since the cell is sufficiently short.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. FWHM (squares) and signal (triangles) of the EIA resonance versus the control wave intensity. Experimental linewidth data are fitted by a linear function, yielding a linewidth extrapolated at null laser intensity of 580 Hz. The cell temperature is 60$^{\circ }$C. The probe beam power is about $1/9$ of the control beam power.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Short-term fractional frequency stability of the EIA-based atomic clock.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Contributions to the EIA clock short-term frequency stability budget. Expressions similar to those reported in [27] combined with detection noise measurements were used for these estimations. FM and AM stand for laser frequency and amplitude noise, respectively.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( z , t ) = E 1 e i ( ω 1 t k 1 z ) + E 2 e i ( ω 2 t k 2 z ) + E 3 e i ( ω 1 t + k 1 z + ϕ 1 ) + E 4 e i ( ω 2 t + k 2 z + ϕ 2 ) + c . c . ,
V ^ = d ^ ( E 1 + E 2 ) = R c ( e i k 1 z | 3 1 | + e i k 2 z | 3 2 | ) ,
| NC 1 = ( | 1 e i k 12 z | 2 ) / 2 ,
V ^ | NC 1 = 0 .
| NC 2 = ( | 1 e i ( k 12 z + ϕ 12 ) | 2 ) / 2 ,
| NC 1 | NC 2 | = sin ( k 12 z + ϕ 12 / 2 ) .
Δ z = π / | k 12 | ,

Metrics