Abstract

Fast and high-performance cavity ring-down spectrometer (CRDS) is highly desired to precisely extract spectral parameters. In this paper, we present our comb-assisted Pound-Drever-Hall (PDH) locked CRDS setup, aiming to retrieve molecular parameters. In the setup, a dynamic feedback is used to keep the tight PDH locking even under strong absorption in the spectral measurement. PDH light and probing light enter the ring-down cavity simultaneously under orthogonal polarization, which enables a fast acquisition of ring-down events without interrupting PDH locking. Ultra-stable cavity temperature is realized, which has an accuracy below 0.5 mK in 27 minutes. The optical frequency comb (OFC) system is developed to rapidly and automatically measure the frequency axis with a relatively wide beat-note range. The minimum detectable absorption coefficient and noise-equivalent absorption coefficient (NEA) are 7.6×10−12cm−1 and 5.3×10−12cm−1Hz−1/2, respectively. The spectrometer is implemented to measure CO2 transition and extract line parameters. The uncertainty for line position is evaluated to be 120 kHz. An accuracy of 0.31% for line intensity is beneficial to the precise determination of CO2 content for the purpose of environment protection and other applications.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]

2018 (3)

A. Kleinert, M. Birk, G. Perron, and G. Wagner, “Level 1b error budget for MIPAS on ENVISAT,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(10), 5657–5672 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Wójtewicz, A. Cygan, K. Kropidłowska, M. Marangoni, P. Masłowski, D. Lisak, and R. Ciuryło, “Speed-dependent effects in Doppler-free saturation spectra,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 351, 21–28 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Kang, J. Wang, G. L. Liu, Y. R. Sun, Z. Y. Zhou, A. W. Liu, and S. M. Hu, “Line intensities of the 30011e–00001e band of 12C16O2by laser-locked cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 207, 1–7 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

J. Wang, Y. R. Sun, L. G. Tao, A. W. Liu, T. P. Hua, F. Meng, and S. M. Hu, “Comb-locked cavity ring-down saturation spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 88(4), 043108 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

P. Maslowski, K. F. Lee, A. C. Johansson, A. Khodabakhsh, G. Kowzan, L. Rutkowski, A. A. Mills, C. Mohr, J. Jiang, M. E. Fermann, and A. Foltynowicz, “Surpassing the path-limited resolution of Fourier-transform spectrometry with frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. A 93(2), 021802 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Wcisło, I. E. Gordon, H. Tran, Y. Tan, S. M. Hu, A. Campargue, S. Kassi, D. Romanini, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, and L. S. Rothman, “The implementation of non-Voigt line profiles in the HITRAN database: H2 case study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 75–91 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, S. Wójtewicz, M. Zaborowski, P. Wcisło, R. Guo, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional cavity mode-dispersion spectroscopy for validation of CRDS technique,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(4), 045501 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Zak, J. Tennyson, O. L. Polyansky, L. Lodi, N. F. Zobov, S. A. Tashkun, and V. I. Perevalov, “A room temperature CO2 line list with ab initio computed intensities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 31–42 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, K. Sung, L. R. Brown, T. J. Crawford, C. E. Miller, B. J. Drouin, V. H. Payne, S. Yu, M. A. H. Smith, A. W. Mantz, and R. R. Gamache, “Line parameters including temperature dependences of self- and air-broadened line shapes of 12C16O2: 1.6-µm region,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 117–144 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

O. L. Polyansky, K. Bielska, M. Ghysels, L. Lodi, N. F. Zobov, J. T. Hodges, and J. Tennyson, “High-Accuracy CO2 Line Intensities Determined from Theory and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(24), 243001 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mondelain, T. Sala, S. Kassi, D. Romanini, M. Marangoni, and A. Campargue, “Broadband and highly sensitive comb-assisted cavity ring down spectroscopy of CO near 1.57 µm with sub-MHz frequency accuracy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 154, 35–43 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, P. Wcisło, S. Wójtewicz, P. Masłowski, J. T. Hodges, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional frequency-based spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14472–14486 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Gatti, T. Sala, R. Gotti, L. Cocola, L. Poletto, M. Prevedelli, P. Laporta, and M. Marangoni, “Comb-locked cavity ring-down spectrometer,” J. Chem. Phys. 142(7), 074201 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. A. Tashkun, V. I. Perevalov, R. R. Gamache, and J. Lamouroux, “CDSD-296, high resolution carbon dioxide spectroscopic databank: Version for atmospheric applications,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 152, 45–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

S. Wójtewicz, A. Cygan, P. Masłowski, J. Domysławska, D. Lisak, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Spectral line shapes of self-broadened P-branch transitions of oxygen B band,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 144, 36–48 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. A. Long, G. W. Truong, R. D. van Zee, D. F. Plusquellic, and J. T. Hodges, “Frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy: absorption sensitivity of 2×10−12 cm−1 Hz−1/2 with a tunable diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 114(4), 489–495 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. B. Rieker, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, J. Kofler, A. M. Zolot, L. C. Sinclair, E. Baumann, C. Cromer, G. Petron, C. Sweeney, P. P. Tans, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Frequency-comb-based remote sensing of greenhouse gases over kilometer air paths,” Optica 1(5), 290–298 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Ehlers, A. C. Johansson, I. Silander, A. Foltynowicz, and O. Axner, “Use of etalon-immune distances to reduce the influence of background signals in frequency-modulation spectroscopy and noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(12), 2938–2945 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

H. Cybulski, A. Bielski, R. Ciuryło, J. Szudy, and R. S. Trawiński, “Power-law temperature dependence of collision broadening and shift of atomic and molecular rovibronic lines,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 120, 90–103 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. W. Truong, D. A. Long, A. Cygan, D. Lisak, R. D. van Zee, and J. T. Hodges, “Comb-linked, cavity ring-down spectroscopy for measurements of molecular transition frequencies at the kHz-level,” J. Chem. Phys. 138(9), 094201 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. A. Long, G. W. Truong, J. T. Hodges, and C. E. Miller, “Absolute 12C16O2 transition frequencies at the kHz-level from 1.6 to 7.8 µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 112–115 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. W. Truong, K. O. Douglass, S. E. Maxwell, R. D. van Zee, D. F. Plusquellic, J. T. Hodges, and D. A. Long, “Frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 532–534 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

S. Kassi and A. Campargue, “Cavity ring down spectroscopy with 5×10−13 cm−1 sensitivity,” J. Chem. Phys. 137(23), 234201 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, J. T. Hodges, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “High-signal-to-noise-ratio laser technique for accurate measurements of spectral line parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 85(2), 022508 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Domysławska, S. Wójtewicz, D. Lisak, A. Cygan, F. Ozimek, K. Stec, C. Radzewicz, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy of the oxygen B-band with absolute frequency reference to the optical frequency comb,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(2), 024201 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Huang, D. W. Schwenke, S. A. Tashkun, and T. J. Lee, “An isotopic-independent highly accurate potential energy surface for CO2 isotopologues and an initial 12C16O2 infrared line list,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(12), 124311 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. F. Cheng, Y. R. Sun, H. Pan, Y. Lu, X. F. Li, J. Wang, A. W. Liu, and S. M. Hu, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy of Doppler-broadened absorption line with sub-MHz absolute frequency accuracy,” Opt. Express 20(9), 9956–9961 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, P. Masłowski, K. Bielska, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, R. Ciuryło, H. Abe, and J. T. Hodges, “Pound-Drever-Hall-locked, frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063107 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Active control of the Pound-Drever-Hall error signal offset in high-repetition-rate cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 22(11), 115303 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Galli, S. Bartalini, S. Borri, P. Cancio, D. Mazzotti, P. De Natale, and G. Giusfredi, “Molecular Gas Sensing Below Parts Per Trillion: Radiocarbon-Dioxide Optical Detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(27), 270802 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

D. Lisak, D. K. Havey, and J. T. Hodges, “Spectroscopic line parameters of water vapor for rotation-vibration transitions near 7180 cm-1,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 052507 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. A. Long, D. K. Havey, M. Okumura, H. M. Pickett, C. E. Miller, and J. T. Hodges, “Laboratory measurements and theoretical calculations of O2A band electric quadrupole transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 042513 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

J. Morville, S. Kassi, M. Chenevier, and D. Romanini, “Fast, low-noise, mode-by-mode, cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy by diode-laser self-locking,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 80(8), 1027–1038 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

J. T. Hodges, H. P. Layer, W. W. Miller, and G. E. Scace, “Frequency-stabilized single-mode cavity ring-down apparatus for high-resolution absorption spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 849–863 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

A. S. Pine and R. Ciurylo, “Multispectrum Fits of Ar-Broadened HF with a Generalized Asymmetric Lineshape: Effects of Correlation, Hardness, Speed Dependence, and Collision Duration,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 208(2), 180–187 (2001).
[Crossref]

E. D. Black, “An introduction to Pound-Drever-Hall laser frequency stabilization,” Am. J. Phys. 69(1), 79–87 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

T. G. Spence, C. C. Harb, B. A. Paldus, R. N. Zare, B. Willke, and R. L. Byer, “A laser-locked cavity ring-down spectrometer employing an analog detection scheme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(2), 347–353 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

R. Ciuryło, “Shapes of pressure- and Doppler-broadened spectral lines in the core and near wings,” Phys. Rev. A 58(2), 1029–1039 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. T. Hodges, J. P. Looney, and R. D. van Zee, “Response of a ring-down cavity to an arbitrary excitation,” J. Chem. Phys. 105(23), 10278–10288 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

D. C. Benner, C. P. Rinsland, V. M. Devi, M. A. H. Smith, and D. Atkins, “A multispectrum nonlinear least squares fitting technique,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53(6), 705–721 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

K. Nakagawa, T. Katsuda, A. S. Shelkovnikov, M. de Labachelerie, and M. Ohtsu, “Highly sensitive detection of molecular absorption using a high finesse optical cavity,” Opt. Commun. 107(5-6), 369–372 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

D. Romanini and K. K. Lehmann, “Ring-down cavity absorption spectroscopy of the very weak HCN overtone bands with six, seven, and eight stretching quanta,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6287–6301 (1993).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

A. O’Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59(12), 2544–2551 (1988).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

D. W. Allan, “Statistics of atomic frequency standards,” Proc. IEEE 54(2), 221–230 (1966).
[Crossref]

1953 (1)

R. H. Dicke, “The Effect of Collisions upon the Doppler Width of Spectral Lines,” Phys. Rev. 89(2), 472–473 (1953).
[Crossref]

Abe, H.

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, P. Masłowski, K. Bielska, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, R. Ciuryło, H. Abe, and J. T. Hodges, “Pound-Drever-Hall-locked, frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Allan, D. W.

D. W. Allan, “Statistics of atomic frequency standards,” Proc. IEEE 54(2), 221–230 (1966).
[Crossref]

Atkins, D.

D. C. Benner, C. P. Rinsland, V. M. Devi, M. A. H. Smith, and D. Atkins, “A multispectrum nonlinear least squares fitting technique,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53(6), 705–721 (1995).
[Crossref]

Auwera, J. V.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Axner, O.

Barbe, A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bartalini, S.

I. Galli, S. Bartalini, S. Borri, P. Cancio, D. Mazzotti, P. De Natale, and G. Giusfredi, “Molecular Gas Sensing Below Parts Per Trillion: Radiocarbon-Dioxide Optical Detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(27), 270802 (2011).
[Crossref]

Baumann, E.

Benner, D. C.

V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, K. Sung, L. R. Brown, T. J. Crawford, C. E. Miller, B. J. Drouin, V. H. Payne, S. Yu, M. A. H. Smith, A. W. Mantz, and R. R. Gamache, “Line parameters including temperature dependences of self- and air-broadened line shapes of 12C16O2: 1.6-µm region,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 117–144 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. C. Benner, C. P. Rinsland, V. M. Devi, M. A. H. Smith, and D. Atkins, “A multispectrum nonlinear least squares fitting technique,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53(6), 705–721 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bernath, P. F.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bielska, K.

O. L. Polyansky, K. Bielska, M. Ghysels, L. Lodi, N. F. Zobov, J. T. Hodges, and J. Tennyson, “High-Accuracy CO2 Line Intensities Determined from Theory and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(24), 243001 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, P. Masłowski, K. Bielska, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, R. Ciuryło, H. Abe, and J. T. Hodges, “Pound-Drever-Hall-locked, frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bielski, A.

H. Cybulski, A. Bielski, R. Ciuryło, J. Szudy, and R. S. Trawiński, “Power-law temperature dependence of collision broadening and shift of atomic and molecular rovibronic lines,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 120, 90–103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Birk, M.

A. Kleinert, M. Birk, G. Perron, and G. Wagner, “Level 1b error budget for MIPAS on ENVISAT,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(10), 5657–5672 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Black, E. D.

E. D. Black, “An introduction to Pound-Drever-Hall laser frequency stabilization,” Am. J. Phys. 69(1), 79–87 (2001).
[Crossref]

Borri, S.

I. Galli, S. Bartalini, S. Borri, P. Cancio, D. Mazzotti, P. De Natale, and G. Giusfredi, “Molecular Gas Sensing Below Parts Per Trillion: Radiocarbon-Dioxide Optical Detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(27), 270802 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boudon, V.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Brown, L. R.

V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, K. Sung, L. R. Brown, T. J. Crawford, C. E. Miller, B. J. Drouin, V. H. Payne, S. Yu, M. A. H. Smith, A. W. Mantz, and R. R. Gamache, “Line parameters including temperature dependences of self- and air-broadened line shapes of 12C16O2: 1.6-µm region,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 117–144 (2016).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

T. G. Spence, C. C. Harb, B. A. Paldus, R. N. Zare, B. Willke, and R. L. Byer, “A laser-locked cavity ring-down spectrometer employing an analog detection scheme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(2), 347–353 (2000).
[Crossref]

Campargue, A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Wcisło, I. E. Gordon, H. Tran, Y. Tan, S. M. Hu, A. Campargue, S. Kassi, D. Romanini, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, and L. S. Rothman, “The implementation of non-Voigt line profiles in the HITRAN database: H2 case study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 75–91 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mondelain, T. Sala, S. Kassi, D. Romanini, M. Marangoni, and A. Campargue, “Broadband and highly sensitive comb-assisted cavity ring down spectroscopy of CO near 1.57 µm with sub-MHz frequency accuracy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 154, 35–43 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Kassi and A. Campargue, “Cavity ring down spectroscopy with 5×10−13 cm−1 sensitivity,” J. Chem. Phys. 137(23), 234201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cancio, P.

I. Galli, S. Bartalini, S. Borri, P. Cancio, D. Mazzotti, P. De Natale, and G. Giusfredi, “Molecular Gas Sensing Below Parts Per Trillion: Radiocarbon-Dioxide Optical Detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(27), 270802 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chance, K. V.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chenevier, M.

J. Morville, S. Kassi, M. Chenevier, and D. Romanini, “Fast, low-noise, mode-by-mode, cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy by diode-laser self-locking,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 80(8), 1027–1038 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C. F.

Ciurylo, R.

S. Wójtewicz, A. Cygan, K. Kropidłowska, M. Marangoni, P. Masłowski, D. Lisak, and R. Ciuryło, “Speed-dependent effects in Doppler-free saturation spectra,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 351, 21–28 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, S. Wójtewicz, M. Zaborowski, P. Wcisło, R. Guo, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional cavity mode-dispersion spectroscopy for validation of CRDS technique,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(4), 045501 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, P. Wcisło, S. Wójtewicz, P. Masłowski, J. T. Hodges, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional frequency-based spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14472–14486 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wójtewicz, A. Cygan, P. Masłowski, J. Domysławska, D. Lisak, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Spectral line shapes of self-broadened P-branch transitions of oxygen B band,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 144, 36–48 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Cybulski, A. Bielski, R. Ciuryło, J. Szudy, and R. S. Trawiński, “Power-law temperature dependence of collision broadening and shift of atomic and molecular rovibronic lines,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 120, 90–103 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, J. T. Hodges, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “High-signal-to-noise-ratio laser technique for accurate measurements of spectral line parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 85(2), 022508 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Domysławska, S. Wójtewicz, D. Lisak, A. Cygan, F. Ozimek, K. Stec, C. Radzewicz, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy of the oxygen B-band with absolute frequency reference to the optical frequency comb,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(2), 024201 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, P. Masłowski, K. Bielska, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, R. Ciuryło, H. Abe, and J. T. Hodges, “Pound-Drever-Hall-locked, frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063107 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Active control of the Pound-Drever-Hall error signal offset in high-repetition-rate cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 22(11), 115303 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. S. Pine and R. Ciurylo, “Multispectrum Fits of Ar-Broadened HF with a Generalized Asymmetric Lineshape: Effects of Correlation, Hardness, Speed Dependence, and Collision Duration,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 208(2), 180–187 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Ciuryło, “Shapes of pressure- and Doppler-broadened spectral lines in the core and near wings,” Phys. Rev. A 58(2), 1029–1039 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cocola, L.

D. Gatti, T. Sala, R. Gotti, L. Cocola, L. Poletto, M. Prevedelli, P. Laporta, and M. Marangoni, “Comb-locked cavity ring-down spectrometer,” J. Chem. Phys. 142(7), 074201 (2015).
[Crossref]

Coddington, I.

Crawford, T. J.

V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, K. Sung, L. R. Brown, T. J. Crawford, C. E. Miller, B. J. Drouin, V. H. Payne, S. Yu, M. A. H. Smith, A. W. Mantz, and R. R. Gamache, “Line parameters including temperature dependences of self- and air-broadened line shapes of 12C16O2: 1.6-µm region,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 117–144 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cromer, C.

Császár, A. G.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cybulski, H.

H. Cybulski, A. Bielski, R. Ciuryło, J. Szudy, and R. S. Trawiński, “Power-law temperature dependence of collision broadening and shift of atomic and molecular rovibronic lines,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 120, 90–103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cygan, A.

S. Wójtewicz, A. Cygan, K. Kropidłowska, M. Marangoni, P. Masłowski, D. Lisak, and R. Ciuryło, “Speed-dependent effects in Doppler-free saturation spectra,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 351, 21–28 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, S. Wójtewicz, M. Zaborowski, P. Wcisło, R. Guo, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional cavity mode-dispersion spectroscopy for validation of CRDS technique,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(4), 045501 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, P. Wcisło, S. Wójtewicz, P. Masłowski, J. T. Hodges, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional frequency-based spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14472–14486 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wójtewicz, A. Cygan, P. Masłowski, J. Domysławska, D. Lisak, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Spectral line shapes of self-broadened P-branch transitions of oxygen B band,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 144, 36–48 (2014).
[Crossref]

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O. L. Polyansky, K. Bielska, M. Ghysels, L. Lodi, N. F. Zobov, J. T. Hodges, and J. Tennyson, “High-Accuracy CO2 Line Intensities Determined from Theory and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(24), 243001 (2015).
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Giusfredi, G.

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D. Gatti, T. Sala, R. Gotti, L. Cocola, L. Poletto, M. Prevedelli, P. Laporta, and M. Marangoni, “Comb-locked cavity ring-down spectrometer,” J. Chem. Phys. 142(7), 074201 (2015).
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N. C. Wong and J. L. Hall, “Servo control of amplitude modulation in frequency-modulation spectroscopy: demonstration of shot-noise-limited detection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2(9), 1527–1533 (1985).
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Harb, C. C.

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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
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D. Lisak, D. K. Havey, and J. T. Hodges, “Spectroscopic line parameters of water vapor for rotation-vibration transitions near 7180 cm-1,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 052507 (2009).
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Hill, C.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
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P. Wcisło, I. E. Gordon, H. Tran, Y. Tan, S. M. Hu, A. Campargue, S. Kassi, D. Romanini, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, and L. S. Rothman, “The implementation of non-Voigt line profiles in the HITRAN database: H2 case study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 75–91 (2016).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
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O. L. Polyansky, K. Bielska, M. Ghysels, L. Lodi, N. F. Zobov, J. T. Hodges, and J. Tennyson, “High-Accuracy CO2 Line Intensities Determined from Theory and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(24), 243001 (2015).
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A. Cygan, P. Wcisło, S. Wójtewicz, P. Masłowski, J. T. Hodges, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional frequency-based spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14472–14486 (2015).
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G. W. Truong, D. A. Long, A. Cygan, D. Lisak, R. D. van Zee, and J. T. Hodges, “Comb-linked, cavity ring-down spectroscopy for measurements of molecular transition frequencies at the kHz-level,” J. Chem. Phys. 138(9), 094201 (2013).
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D. Lisak, D. K. Havey, and J. T. Hodges, “Spectroscopic line parameters of water vapor for rotation-vibration transitions near 7180 cm-1,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 052507 (2009).
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J. T. Hodges, H. P. Layer, W. W. Miller, and G. E. Scace, “Frequency-stabilized single-mode cavity ring-down apparatus for high-resolution absorption spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 849–863 (2004).
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P. Kang, J. Wang, G. L. Liu, Y. R. Sun, Z. Y. Zhou, A. W. Liu, and S. M. Hu, “Line intensities of the 30011e–00001e band of 12C16O2by laser-locked cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 207, 1–7 (2018).
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J. Wang, Y. R. Sun, L. G. Tao, A. W. Liu, T. P. Hua, F. Meng, and S. M. Hu, “Comb-locked cavity ring-down saturation spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 88(4), 043108 (2017).
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J. Wang, Y. R. Sun, L. G. Tao, A. W. Liu, T. P. Hua, F. Meng, and S. M. Hu, “Comb-locked cavity ring-down saturation spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 88(4), 043108 (2017).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
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P. Wcisło, I. E. Gordon, H. Tran, Y. Tan, S. M. Hu, A. Campargue, S. Kassi, D. Romanini, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, and L. S. Rothman, “The implementation of non-Voigt line profiles in the HITRAN database: H2 case study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 75–91 (2016).
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Kowalski, F. V.

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P. Maslowski, K. F. Lee, A. C. Johansson, A. Khodabakhsh, G. Kowzan, L. Rutkowski, A. A. Mills, C. Mohr, J. Jiang, M. E. Fermann, and A. Foltynowicz, “Surpassing the path-limited resolution of Fourier-transform spectrometry with frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. A 93(2), 021802 (2016).
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A. Cygan, P. Wcisło, S. Wójtewicz, P. Masłowski, J. T. Hodges, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional frequency-based spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14472–14486 (2015).
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G. W. Truong, D. A. Long, A. Cygan, D. Lisak, R. D. van Zee, and J. T. Hodges, “Comb-linked, cavity ring-down spectroscopy for measurements of molecular transition frequencies at the kHz-level,” J. Chem. Phys. 138(9), 094201 (2013).
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D. A. Long, G. W. Truong, J. T. Hodges, and C. E. Miller, “Absolute 12C16O2 transition frequencies at the kHz-level from 1.6 to 7.8 µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 112–115 (2013).
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D. A. Long, D. K. Havey, M. Okumura, H. M. Pickett, C. E. Miller, and J. T. Hodges, “Laboratory measurements and theoretical calculations of O2A band electric quadrupole transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 042513 (2009).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
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S. Wójtewicz, A. Cygan, P. Masłowski, J. Domysławska, D. Lisak, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Spectral line shapes of self-broadened P-branch transitions of oxygen B band,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 144, 36–48 (2014).
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H. Cybulski, A. Bielski, R. Ciuryło, J. Szudy, and R. S. Trawiński, “Power-law temperature dependence of collision broadening and shift of atomic and molecular rovibronic lines,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 120, 90–103 (2013).
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A. Cygan, D. Lisak, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, J. T. Hodges, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “High-signal-to-noise-ratio laser technique for accurate measurements of spectral line parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 85(2), 022508 (2012).
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A. Cygan, D. Lisak, P. Masłowski, K. Bielska, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, R. Ciuryło, H. Abe, and J. T. Hodges, “Pound-Drever-Hall-locked, frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063107 (2011).
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A. Cygan, D. Lisak, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Active control of the Pound-Drever-Hall error signal offset in high-repetition-rate cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 22(11), 115303 (2011).
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D. A. Long, G. W. Truong, R. D. van Zee, D. F. Plusquellic, and J. T. Hodges, “Frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy: absorption sensitivity of 2×10−12 cm−1 Hz−1/2 with a tunable diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 114(4), 489–495 (2014).
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D. A. Long, G. W. Truong, R. D. van Zee, D. F. Plusquellic, and J. T. Hodges, “Frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy: absorption sensitivity of 2×10−12 cm−1 Hz−1/2 with a tunable diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 114(4), 489–495 (2014).
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G. W. Truong, K. O. Douglass, S. E. Maxwell, R. D. van Zee, D. F. Plusquellic, J. T. Hodges, and D. A. Long, “Frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 532–534 (2013).
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A. Kleinert, M. Birk, G. Perron, and G. Wagner, “Level 1b error budget for MIPAS on ENVISAT,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(10), 5657–5672 (2018).
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A. Cygan, S. Wójtewicz, M. Zaborowski, P. Wcisło, R. Guo, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional cavity mode-dispersion spectroscopy for validation of CRDS technique,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(4), 045501 (2016).
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A. Cygan, P. Wcisło, S. Wójtewicz, P. Masłowski, J. T. Hodges, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional frequency-based spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14472–14486 (2015).
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T. G. Spence, C. C. Harb, B. A. Paldus, R. N. Zare, B. Willke, and R. L. Byer, “A laser-locked cavity ring-down spectrometer employing an analog detection scheme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(2), 347–353 (2000).
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Wilzewski, J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
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S. Wójtewicz, A. Cygan, K. Kropidłowska, M. Marangoni, P. Masłowski, D. Lisak, and R. Ciuryło, “Speed-dependent effects in Doppler-free saturation spectra,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 351, 21–28 (2018).
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A. Cygan, S. Wójtewicz, M. Zaborowski, P. Wcisło, R. Guo, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional cavity mode-dispersion spectroscopy for validation of CRDS technique,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(4), 045501 (2016).
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A. Cygan, P. Wcisło, S. Wójtewicz, P. Masłowski, J. T. Hodges, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional frequency-based spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14472–14486 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wójtewicz, A. Cygan, P. Masłowski, J. Domysławska, D. Lisak, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Spectral line shapes of self-broadened P-branch transitions of oxygen B band,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 144, 36–48 (2014).
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J. Domysławska, S. Wójtewicz, D. Lisak, A. Cygan, F. Ozimek, K. Stec, C. Radzewicz, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy of the oxygen B-band with absolute frequency reference to the optical frequency comb,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(2), 024201 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, J. T. Hodges, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “High-signal-to-noise-ratio laser technique for accurate measurements of spectral line parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 85(2), 022508 (2012).
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A. Cygan, D. Lisak, P. Masłowski, K. Bielska, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, R. Ciuryło, H. Abe, and J. T. Hodges, “Pound-Drever-Hall-locked, frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063107 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Active control of the Pound-Drever-Hall error signal offset in high-repetition-rate cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 22(11), 115303 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wong, N. C.

Yu, S.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
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V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, K. Sung, L. R. Brown, T. J. Crawford, C. E. Miller, B. J. Drouin, V. H. Payne, S. Yu, M. A. H. Smith, A. W. Mantz, and R. R. Gamache, “Line parameters including temperature dependences of self- and air-broadened line shapes of 12C16O2: 1.6-µm region,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 117–144 (2016).
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Zaborowski, M.

A. Cygan, S. Wójtewicz, M. Zaborowski, P. Wcisło, R. Guo, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional cavity mode-dispersion spectroscopy for validation of CRDS technique,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(4), 045501 (2016).
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Zak, E.

E. Zak, J. Tennyson, O. L. Polyansky, L. Lodi, N. F. Zobov, S. A. Tashkun, and V. I. Perevalov, “A room temperature CO2 line list with ab initio computed intensities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 31–42 (2016).
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Zak, E. J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zare, R. N.

T. G. Spence, C. C. Harb, B. A. Paldus, R. N. Zare, B. Willke, and R. L. Byer, “A laser-locked cavity ring-down spectrometer employing an analog detection scheme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(2), 347–353 (2000).
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Zhou, Z. Y.

P. Kang, J. Wang, G. L. Liu, Y. R. Sun, Z. Y. Zhou, A. W. Liu, and S. M. Hu, “Line intensities of the 30011e–00001e band of 12C16O2by laser-locked cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 207, 1–7 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zobov, N. F.

E. Zak, J. Tennyson, O. L. Polyansky, L. Lodi, N. F. Zobov, S. A. Tashkun, and V. I. Perevalov, “A room temperature CO2 line list with ab initio computed intensities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 31–42 (2016).
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O. L. Polyansky, K. Bielska, M. Ghysels, L. Lodi, N. F. Zobov, J. T. Hodges, and J. Tennyson, “High-Accuracy CO2 Line Intensities Determined from Theory and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(24), 243001 (2015).
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A. Kleinert, M. Birk, G. Perron, and G. Wagner, “Level 1b error budget for MIPAS on ENVISAT,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(10), 5657–5672 (2018).
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G. W. Truong, D. A. Long, A. Cygan, D. Lisak, R. D. van Zee, and J. T. Hodges, “Comb-linked, cavity ring-down spectroscopy for measurements of molecular transition frequencies at the kHz-level,” J. Chem. Phys. 138(9), 094201 (2013).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (11)

D. A. Long, G. W. Truong, J. T. Hodges, and C. E. Miller, “Absolute 12C16O2 transition frequencies at the kHz-level from 1.6 to 7.8 µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 112–115 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Mondelain, T. Sala, S. Kassi, D. Romanini, M. Marangoni, and A. Campargue, “Broadband and highly sensitive comb-assisted cavity ring down spectroscopy of CO near 1.57 µm with sub-MHz frequency accuracy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 154, 35–43 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. A. Tashkun, V. I. Perevalov, R. R. Gamache, and J. Lamouroux, “CDSD-296, high resolution carbon dioxide spectroscopic databank: Version for atmospheric applications,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 152, 45–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. C. Benner, C. P. Rinsland, V. M. Devi, M. A. H. Smith, and D. Atkins, “A multispectrum nonlinear least squares fitting technique,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53(6), 705–721 (1995).
[Crossref]

P. Kang, J. Wang, G. L. Liu, Y. R. Sun, Z. Y. Zhou, A. W. Liu, and S. M. Hu, “Line intensities of the 30011e–00001e band of 12C16O2by laser-locked cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 207, 1–7 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, K. Sung, L. R. Brown, T. J. Crawford, C. E. Miller, B. J. Drouin, V. H. Payne, S. Yu, M. A. H. Smith, A. W. Mantz, and R. R. Gamache, “Line parameters including temperature dependences of self- and air-broadened line shapes of 12C16O2: 1.6-µm region,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 117–144 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Cybulski, A. Bielski, R. Ciuryło, J. Szudy, and R. S. Trawiński, “Power-law temperature dependence of collision broadening and shift of atomic and molecular rovibronic lines,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 120, 90–103 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Wcisło, I. E. Gordon, H. Tran, Y. Tan, S. M. Hu, A. Campargue, S. Kassi, D. Romanini, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, and L. S. Rothman, “The implementation of non-Voigt line profiles in the HITRAN database: H2 case study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 75–91 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Wójtewicz, A. Cygan, P. Masłowski, J. Domysławska, D. Lisak, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Spectral line shapes of self-broadened P-branch transitions of oxygen B band,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 144, 36–48 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Zak, J. Tennyson, O. L. Polyansky, L. Lodi, N. F. Zobov, S. A. Tashkun, and V. I. Perevalov, “A room temperature CO2 line list with ab initio computed intensities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 177, 31–42 (2016).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

A. Cygan, S. Wójtewicz, M. Zaborowski, P. Wcisło, R. Guo, R. Ciuryło, and D. Lisak, “One-dimensional cavity mode-dispersion spectroscopy for validation of CRDS technique,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(4), 045501 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “Active control of the Pound-Drever-Hall error signal offset in high-repetition-rate cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 22(11), 115303 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. W. Truong, K. O. Douglass, S. E. Maxwell, R. D. van Zee, D. F. Plusquellic, J. T. Hodges, and D. A. Long, “Frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 532–534 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Nakagawa, T. Katsuda, A. S. Shelkovnikov, M. de Labachelerie, and M. Ohtsu, “Highly sensitive detection of molecular absorption using a high finesse optical cavity,” Opt. Commun. 107(5-6), 369–372 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

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[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (5)

D. Lisak, D. K. Havey, and J. T. Hodges, “Spectroscopic line parameters of water vapor for rotation-vibration transitions near 7180 cm-1,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 052507 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ciuryło, “Shapes of pressure- and Doppler-broadened spectral lines in the core and near wings,” Phys. Rev. A 58(2), 1029–1039 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. A. Long, D. K. Havey, M. Okumura, H. M. Pickett, C. E. Miller, and J. T. Hodges, “Laboratory measurements and theoretical calculations of O2A band electric quadrupole transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 042513 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, J. T. Hodges, R. S. Trawiński, and R. Ciuryło, “High-signal-to-noise-ratio laser technique for accurate measurements of spectral line parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 85(2), 022508 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Maslowski, K. F. Lee, A. C. Johansson, A. Khodabakhsh, G. Kowzan, L. Rutkowski, A. A. Mills, C. Mohr, J. Jiang, M. E. Fermann, and A. Foltynowicz, “Surpassing the path-limited resolution of Fourier-transform spectrometry with frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. A 93(2), 021802 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

I. Galli, S. Bartalini, S. Borri, P. Cancio, D. Mazzotti, P. De Natale, and G. Giusfredi, “Molecular Gas Sensing Below Parts Per Trillion: Radiocarbon-Dioxide Optical Detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(27), 270802 (2011).
[Crossref]

O. L. Polyansky, K. Bielska, M. Ghysels, L. Lodi, N. F. Zobov, J. T. Hodges, and J. Tennyson, “High-Accuracy CO2 Line Intensities Determined from Theory and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(24), 243001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

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[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (5)

T. G. Spence, C. C. Harb, B. A. Paldus, R. N. Zare, B. Willke, and R. L. Byer, “A laser-locked cavity ring-down spectrometer employing an analog detection scheme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(2), 347–353 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. O’Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59(12), 2544–2551 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Y. R. Sun, L. G. Tao, A. W. Liu, T. P. Hua, F. Meng, and S. M. Hu, “Comb-locked cavity ring-down saturation spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 88(4), 043108 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Cygan, D. Lisak, P. Masłowski, K. Bielska, S. Wójtewicz, J. Domysławska, R. S. Trawiński, R. Ciuryło, H. Abe, and J. T. Hodges, “Pound-Drever-Hall-locked, frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. T. Hodges, H. P. Layer, W. W. Miller, and G. E. Scace, “Frequency-stabilized single-mode cavity ring-down apparatus for high-resolution absorption spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 849–863 (2004).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. PBS: polarizing beam splitter; $\lambda /2$: half-wave plate; $\lambda /4$: quarter-wave plate; DM: dichroic mirror; PZT: piezoelectric transducer; LP Filter: low-pass filter; FR: Faraday rotator; ECDL: external cavity diode laser; PID: proportional-integral-derivative; F-PID: fast PID; EOM: electro-optic modulator; AOM: acousto-optic modulator. Det: detector; DetPDH is used to detect the reflected PDH light; DetDAQ collects the transmitted probing light for the purpose of recording the ring-down events; DetLOCK detects the transmitted PDH light, which is used to check the PDH locking status.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. The effect of cavity mode broadening on error signal. (a) A measured absorption line. (b) Calculated mode width. The broadening effect can be clearly seen. (c) Calculated Error coefficient. The coefficient at line center is about one-seventh of that at the line fringe.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. The OFC system. FC: fiber coupler. A generator and a frequency counter are used to replace the internal ones of the OFC. Labview-based software is developed to assure the completely automatic and fast measurement of ECDL frequency.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Evaluation of cavity stability. (a) Double-path configuration. ISO: isolator; L: lens; CM: concave reflective mirror. (2) ECDL frequency variation in 15000 seconds.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Ultra-stable cavity temperature. (a) The standard deviation of cavity temperature. It is below 0.5 mK in 27 mins. (b) Temperature gradients along the cavity for 7 measurements. (c) Temperature for the 32 Torr measurement. Ave: averaged temperature; Std. Dev.: standard deviation; Cha: Channel.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Allan variance of ring-down time for the empty cavity. The NEA and ${\alpha _{min}}$ are calculated at k = 1 and k = 110, respectively.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Spectra of P32e $({30012} )\leftarrow ({00001} )$ 12C16O2 transition and the fitted residuals by the multi-spectrum fitting methods.

Tables (2)

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Table 1. Fitted parameter list of P32e $({30012} )\leftarrow ({00001} )$ CO2 transition.

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Table 2. Uncertainties for line parameters.

Equations (8)

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ϵ 4 π P c P S δ ω δ ν = D e r r × δ ω
f = ± f 0 + n × f r e p ± f b e a t
NEA = σ A ( 1 ) c τ ¯ 2 f a c q
α m i n = σ A ( m o p t ) c τ ¯ 2
γ D = 2 2 l n 2 ν 0 c k B T m
S = A k B T c p C C O 2
f P = f L ± F S R
u r e l ( y ) = ( σ y y ) 2 + 1 3 i ( x y ( y x i ) ε x i x ) 2

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