N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).

[Crossref]

R. D. Aines and G. R. Rossman, “Relationships between radiation damage and trace water in zircon, quartz, and topaz,” Am. Mineral. 71(9-1), 1186–1193 (1986).

M. Perry, P. Alea, M. Cully, M. McCullough, P. Sanneman, N. Teti, and B. Zink, “Earth Observing-1 Spacecraft Bus,” in Proceedings of the 15th Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites (IEEE, 2001), SSC01-V-6.

D. M. Allen, P. J. Jones, D. M. Murphy, and M. F. Piszczor, “The SCARLET light concentrating solar array,” in Conference Record of the Twenty Fifth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1996 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 353–356.

D. M. Murphy and D. M. Allen, “SCARLET development, fabrication, and testing for the Deep Space 1 spacecraft,” in IECEC-97 Proceedings of the Thirty-Second Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (Cat. No.97CH6203) (American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 1997), pp. 2237–2245.

H. Baig, K. C. Heasman, and T. K. Mallick, “Non-uniform illumination in concentrating solar cells,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. 16(8), 5890–5909 (2012).

[Crossref]

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

J. C. Miñano, P. Benítez, and J. C. González, “RX: a nonimaging concentrator,” Appl. Opt. 34(13), 2226–2235 (1995).

[Crossref]

R. Winston, J. C. Miñano, P. Benítez, N. Shatz, and J. C. Bortz, Nonimaging Optics (Elsevier, 2005).

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

R. Hoheisel, A. W. Bett, J. H. Warner, R. J. Walters, and P. P. Jenkins, “Low temperature low intensity effects in III-V photovoltaic devices for deep space missions,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3763–3767.

R. Hoheisel, R. J. Walters, and A. W. Bett, “Low temperature effects in photovoltaic devices for deep space missions,” in 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–5.

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

R. Winston, J. C. Miñano, P. Benítez, N. Shatz, and J. C. Bortz, Nonimaging Optics (Elsevier, 2005).

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, H. Brandhorst, K. Schmid, P. LaCorte, M. Piszczor, and M. Myers, “Recent space PV concentrator advances: More robust, lighter, and easier to track,” in 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–6.

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

E. Menard, W. Wagner, B. Furman, K. Ghosal, J. Gabriel, M. Meitl, and S. Burroughs, “Multi-physics circuit network performance model for CPV modules/systems,” in 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 002268–002272.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).

[Crossref]

B. R. Clapp, H. J. Weigl, N. E. Goodzeit, D. R. Carter, and T. J. Rood, “GOES-R active vibration damping controller design, implementation, and on-orbit performance,” CEAS Space J. 10(4), 501–517 (2018).

[Crossref]

J. Chaves and M. Collares-Pereira, “Ultra flat ideal concentrators of high concentration,” Sol. Energy 69(4), 269–281 (2000).

[Crossref]

B. R. Clapp, H. J. Weigl, N. E. Goodzeit, D. R. Carter, and T. J. Rood, “GOES-R active vibration damping controller design, implementation, and on-orbit performance,” CEAS Space J. 10(4), 501–517 (2018).

[Crossref]

J. Chaves and M. Collares-Pereira, “Ultra flat ideal concentrators of high concentration,” Sol. Energy 69(4), 269–281 (2000).

[Crossref]

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

F. L. Markley and J. L. Crassidis, Fundamentals of spacecraft attitude determination and control (Springer, 2014), Chap. 7.

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, J. Cruz-Campa, and A. Tauke-Pedretti, “Voltage matching and optimal cell compositions for microsystem-enabled photovoltaic modules,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 4(6), 1593–1602 (2014).

[Crossref]

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, W. C. Sweatt, J. L. Cruz-Campa, and V. Gupta, “Optimal cell connections for improved shading, reliability, and spectral performance of microsystem enabled photovoltaic (MEPV) modules,” in 2010 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2010), pp. 003048–003054.

M. Perry, P. Alea, M. Cully, M. McCullough, P. Sanneman, N. Teti, and B. Zink, “Earth Observing-1 Spacecraft Bus,” in Proceedings of the 15th Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites (IEEE, 2001), SSC01-V-6.

S. F. Dawson, P. Stella, W. McAlpine, and B. Smith, “JUNO Photovoltaic power at Jupiter,” in 10th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2012), pp. 2012–3833.

K. Eichgrün, “Technical Safety Information BK7G18” (Schott AG, 2015). https://www.schott.com/d/advanced˙optics/248e1947-ddc0-4245-907b-4cb890a44439/BK7G18˙SDS˙EN˙V5˙201505.pdf.

M. Eskenazi, A. Jones, R. K. Jain, B. Hoang, K. MacDonald, Y. N. Wong, J. Kesapradist, and G. V. Ommering, “Preliminary test results for the CellSaver concentrator in geosynchronous earth orbit,” in Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 622–625.

C. J. Ruud, J. S. Price, B. Fischer, B. Wang, and N. Giebink, “Lightweight monolithic microcell CPV for space,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3535–3538.

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

M. P. Lumb, B. Fisher, K. J. Schmieder, and M. Meitl, “Six-junction (6J) microscale concentrating photovoltaics (CPV) for space applications,” in 2016 IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2016), pp. 3415–3420.

J. S. Fodor, M. A. Frey, S. W. Gelb, Z. Maassarani, J. S. Powe, and J. A. Schwartz, “In-orbit performance of space solar arrays,” in 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, 2003. Proceedings of (IEEE, 2003), pp. 638–641.

J. S. Fodor, M. A. Frey, S. W. Gelb, Z. Maassarani, J. S. Powe, and J. A. Schwartz, “In-orbit performance of space solar arrays,” in 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, 2003. Proceedings of (IEEE, 2003), pp. 638–641.

R. P. Friedman, J. M. Gordon, and H. Ries, “Compact high-flux two-stage solar collectors based on tailored edge-ray concentrators,” Sol. Energy 56(6), 607–615 (1996).

[Crossref]

E. Menard, W. Wagner, B. Furman, K. Ghosal, J. Gabriel, M. Meitl, and S. Burroughs, “Multi-physics circuit network performance model for CPV modules/systems,” in 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 002268–002272.

E. Menard, W. Wagner, B. Furman, K. Ghosal, J. Gabriel, M. Meitl, and S. Burroughs, “Multi-physics circuit network performance model for CPV modules/systems,” in 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 002268–002272.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).

[Crossref]

J. S. Fodor, M. A. Frey, S. W. Gelb, Z. Maassarani, J. S. Powe, and J. A. Schwartz, “In-orbit performance of space solar arrays,” in 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, 2003. Proceedings of (IEEE, 2003), pp. 638–641.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).

[Crossref]

E. Menard, W. Wagner, B. Furman, K. Ghosal, J. Gabriel, M. Meitl, and S. Burroughs, “Multi-physics circuit network performance model for CPV modules/systems,” in 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 002268–002272.

C. J. Ruud, J. S. Price, B. Fischer, B. Wang, and N. Giebink, “Lightweight monolithic microcell CPV for space,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3535–3538.

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

B. R. Clapp, H. J. Weigl, N. E. Goodzeit, D. R. Carter, and T. J. Rood, “GOES-R active vibration damping controller design, implementation, and on-orbit performance,” CEAS Space J. 10(4), 501–517 (2018).

[Crossref]

A. Goldstein, D. Feuermann, G. D. Conley, and J. M. Gordon, “Nested aplanats for practical maximum-performance solar concentration,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2836–2838 (2011).

[Crossref]

O. Korech, B. Hirsch, E. A. Katz, and J. M. Gordon, “High-flux characterization of ultrasmall multijunction concentrator solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 064101 (2007).

[Crossref]

R. Winston and J. M. Gordon, “Planar concentrators near the étendue limit,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2617–2619 (2005).

[Crossref]

J. M. Gordon and D. Feuermann, “Optical performance at the thermodynamic limit with tailored imaging designs,” Appl. Opt. 44(12), 2327–2331 (2005).

[Crossref]

R. P. Friedman, J. M. Gordon, and H. Ries, “Compact high-flux two-stage solar collectors based on tailored edge-ray concentrators,” Sol. Energy 56(6), 607–615 (1996).

[Crossref]

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, W. C. Sweatt, J. L. Cruz-Campa, and V. Gupta, “Optimal cell connections for improved shading, reliability, and spectral performance of microsystem enabled photovoltaic (MEPV) modules,” in 2010 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2010), pp. 003048–003054.

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

H. Baig, K. C. Heasman, and T. K. Mallick, “Non-uniform illumination in concentrating solar cells,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. 16(8), 5890–5909 (2012).

[Crossref]

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

O. Korech, B. Hirsch, E. A. Katz, and J. M. Gordon, “High-flux characterization of ultrasmall multijunction concentrator solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 064101 (2007).

[Crossref]

M. Eskenazi, A. Jones, R. K. Jain, B. Hoang, K. MacDonald, Y. N. Wong, J. Kesapradist, and G. V. Ommering, “Preliminary test results for the CellSaver concentrator in geosynchronous earth orbit,” in Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 622–625.

R. Hoheisel, A. W. Bett, J. H. Warner, R. J. Walters, and P. P. Jenkins, “Low temperature low intensity effects in III-V photovoltaic devices for deep space missions,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3763–3767.

R. Hoheisel, R. J. Walters, and A. W. Bett, “Low temperature effects in photovoltaic devices for deep space missions,” in 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–5.

K. A. W. Horowitz, T. W. Remo, B. Smith, and A. J. Ptak, “A techno-economic analysis and cost reduction roadmap for III-V solar cells” (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2018), NREL/TP-6A20-72103.

D. Wilt, S. Messenger, and A. Howard, “Technology opportunities to enable high mass specific power,” in 2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 001500–001506.

M. Eskenazi, A. Jones, R. K. Jain, B. Hoang, K. MacDonald, Y. N. Wong, J. Kesapradist, and G. V. Ommering, “Preliminary test results for the CellSaver concentrator in geosynchronous earth orbit,” in Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 622–625.

R. Hoheisel, A. W. Bett, J. H. Warner, R. J. Walters, and P. P. Jenkins, “Low temperature low intensity effects in III-V photovoltaic devices for deep space missions,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3763–3767.

M. Eskenazi, A. Jones, R. K. Jain, B. Hoang, K. MacDonald, Y. N. Wong, J. Kesapradist, and G. V. Ommering, “Preliminary test results for the CellSaver concentrator in geosynchronous earth orbit,” in Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 622–625.

P. A. Jones and B. R. Spence, “Spacecraft solar array technology trends,” in 1998 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings (Cat. No.98TH8339) (IEEE, 1998), pp. 141–152

D. M. Allen, P. J. Jones, D. M. Murphy, and M. F. Piszczor, “The SCARLET light concentrating solar array,” in Conference Record of the Twenty Fifth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1996 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 353–356.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).

[Crossref]

O. Korech, B. Hirsch, E. A. Katz, and J. M. Gordon, “High-flux characterization of ultrasmall multijunction concentrator solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 064101 (2007).

[Crossref]

M. Eskenazi, A. Jones, R. K. Jain, B. Hoang, K. MacDonald, Y. N. Wong, J. Kesapradist, and G. V. Ommering, “Preliminary test results for the CellSaver concentrator in geosynchronous earth orbit,” in Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 622–625.

O. Korech, B. Hirsch, E. A. Katz, and J. M. Gordon, “High-flux characterization of ultrasmall multijunction concentrator solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 064101 (2007).

[Crossref]

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, H. Brandhorst, K. Schmid, P. LaCorte, M. Piszczor, and M. Myers, “Recent space PV concentrator advances: More robust, lighter, and easier to track,” in 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–6.

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, J. Cruz-Campa, and A. Tauke-Pedretti, “Voltage matching and optimal cell compositions for microsystem-enabled photovoltaic modules,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 4(6), 1593–1602 (2014).

[Crossref]

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, W. C. Sweatt, J. L. Cruz-Campa, and V. Gupta, “Optimal cell connections for improved shading, reliability, and spectral performance of microsystem enabled photovoltaic (MEPV) modules,” in 2010 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2010), pp. 003048–003054.

G. M. Lerner, “Attitude Hardware,” in Spacecraft Attitude Determination and Control, J. R. Wertz, ed. (Springer Netherlands, 1978).

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

J. E. Moore, K. J. Schmieder, W. Wagner, and M. P. Lumb, “Strategies for defect-tolerant microconcentrator photovoltaic modules,” J. Photonics Energy 9(01), 014501 (2019).

[Crossref]

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

M. P. Lumb, B. Fisher, K. J. Schmieder, and M. Meitl, “Six-junction (6J) microscale concentrating photovoltaics (CPV) for space applications,” in 2016 IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2016), pp. 3415–3420.

Matt Lumb, “Sending CPV into Space,” Compd. Semicond. 24(8), 36–40 (2018).

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

J. S. Fodor, M. A. Frey, S. W. Gelb, Z. Maassarani, J. S. Powe, and J. A. Schwartz, “In-orbit performance of space solar arrays,” in 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, 2003. Proceedings of (IEEE, 2003), pp. 638–641.

M. Eskenazi, A. Jones, R. K. Jain, B. Hoang, K. MacDonald, Y. N. Wong, J. Kesapradist, and G. V. Ommering, “Preliminary test results for the CellSaver concentrator in geosynchronous earth orbit,” in Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 622–625.

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

H. Baig, K. C. Heasman, and T. K. Mallick, “Non-uniform illumination in concentrating solar cells,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. 16(8), 5890–5909 (2012).

[Crossref]

F. L. Markley and J. L. Crassidis, Fundamentals of spacecraft attitude determination and control (Springer, 2014), Chap. 7.

S. F. Dawson, P. Stella, W. McAlpine, and B. Smith, “JUNO Photovoltaic power at Jupiter,” in 10th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2012), pp. 2012–3833.

M. Perry, P. Alea, M. Cully, M. McCullough, P. Sanneman, N. Teti, and B. Zink, “Earth Observing-1 Spacecraft Bus,” in Proceedings of the 15th Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites (IEEE, 2001), SSC01-V-6.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, H. Brandhorst, K. Schmid, P. LaCorte, M. Piszczor, and M. Myers, “Recent space PV concentrator advances: More robust, lighter, and easier to track,” in 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–6.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

M. P. Lumb, B. Fisher, K. J. Schmieder, and M. Meitl, “Six-junction (6J) microscale concentrating photovoltaics (CPV) for space applications,” in 2016 IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2016), pp. 3415–3420.

E. Menard, W. Wagner, B. Furman, K. Ghosal, J. Gabriel, M. Meitl, and S. Burroughs, “Multi-physics circuit network performance model for CPV modules/systems,” in 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 002268–002272.

E. Menard, W. Wagner, B. Furman, K. Ghosal, J. Gabriel, M. Meitl, and S. Burroughs, “Multi-physics circuit network performance model for CPV modules/systems,” in 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 002268–002272.

D. Wilt, S. Messenger, and A. Howard, “Technology opportunities to enable high mass specific power,” in 2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 001500–001506.

J. C. Miñano, P. Benítez, and J. C. González, “RX: a nonimaging concentrator,” Appl. Opt. 34(13), 2226–2235 (1995).

[Crossref]

R. Winston, J. C. Miñano, P. Benítez, N. Shatz, and J. C. Bortz, Nonimaging Optics (Elsevier, 2005).

J. E. Moore, K. J. Schmieder, W. Wagner, and M. P. Lumb, “Strategies for defect-tolerant microconcentrator photovoltaic modules,” J. Photonics Energy 9(01), 014501 (2019).

[Crossref]

D. M. Murphy and D. M. Allen, “SCARLET development, fabrication, and testing for the Deep Space 1 spacecraft,” in IECEC-97 Proceedings of the Thirty-Second Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (Cat. No.97CH6203) (American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 1997), pp. 2237–2245.

D. M. Allen, P. J. Jones, D. M. Murphy, and M. F. Piszczor, “The SCARLET light concentrating solar array,” in Conference Record of the Twenty Fifth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1996 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 353–356.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, H. Brandhorst, K. Schmid, P. LaCorte, M. Piszczor, and M. Myers, “Recent space PV concentrator advances: More robust, lighter, and easier to track,” in 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–6.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, J. Cruz-Campa, and A. Tauke-Pedretti, “Voltage matching and optimal cell compositions for microsystem-enabled photovoltaic modules,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 4(6), 1593–1602 (2014).

[Crossref]

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, W. C. Sweatt, J. L. Cruz-Campa, and V. Gupta, “Optimal cell connections for improved shading, reliability, and spectral performance of microsystem enabled photovoltaic (MEPV) modules,” in 2010 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2010), pp. 003048–003054.

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, H. Brandhorst, K. Schmid, P. LaCorte, M. Piszczor, and M. Myers, “Recent space PV concentrator advances: More robust, lighter, and easier to track,” in 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–6.

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, J. Cruz-Campa, and A. Tauke-Pedretti, “Voltage matching and optimal cell compositions for microsystem-enabled photovoltaic modules,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 4(6), 1593–1602 (2014).

[Crossref]

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, W. C. Sweatt, J. L. Cruz-Campa, and V. Gupta, “Optimal cell connections for improved shading, reliability, and spectral performance of microsystem enabled photovoltaic (MEPV) modules,” in 2010 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2010), pp. 003048–003054.

M. Eskenazi, A. Jones, R. K. Jain, B. Hoang, K. MacDonald, Y. N. Wong, J. Kesapradist, and G. V. Ommering, “Preliminary test results for the CellSaver concentrator in geosynchronous earth orbit,” in Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 622–625.

M. Perry, P. Alea, M. Cully, M. McCullough, P. Sanneman, N. Teti, and B. Zink, “Earth Observing-1 Spacecraft Bus,” in Proceedings of the 15th Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites (IEEE, 2001), SSC01-V-6.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, H. Brandhorst, K. Schmid, P. LaCorte, M. Piszczor, and M. Myers, “Recent space PV concentrator advances: More robust, lighter, and easier to track,” in 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–6.

D. M. Allen, P. J. Jones, D. M. Murphy, and M. F. Piszczor, “The SCARLET light concentrating solar array,” in Conference Record of the Twenty Fifth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1996 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 353–356.

J. S. Fodor, M. A. Frey, S. W. Gelb, Z. Maassarani, J. S. Powe, and J. A. Schwartz, “In-orbit performance of space solar arrays,” in 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, 2003. Proceedings of (IEEE, 2003), pp. 638–641.

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

C. J. Ruud, J. S. Price, B. Fischer, B. Wang, and N. Giebink, “Lightweight monolithic microcell CPV for space,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3535–3538.

K. A. W. Horowitz, T. W. Remo, B. Smith, and A. J. Ptak, “A techno-economic analysis and cost reduction roadmap for III-V solar cells” (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2018), NREL/TP-6A20-72103.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

K. A. W. Horowitz, T. W. Remo, B. Smith, and A. J. Ptak, “A techno-economic analysis and cost reduction roadmap for III-V solar cells” (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2018), NREL/TP-6A20-72103.

R. P. Friedman, J. M. Gordon, and H. Ries, “Compact high-flux two-stage solar collectors based on tailored edge-ray concentrators,” Sol. Energy 56(6), 607–615 (1996).

[Crossref]

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

B. R. Clapp, H. J. Weigl, N. E. Goodzeit, D. R. Carter, and T. J. Rood, “GOES-R active vibration damping controller design, implementation, and on-orbit performance,” CEAS Space J. 10(4), 501–517 (2018).

[Crossref]

R. D. Aines and G. R. Rossman, “Relationships between radiation damage and trace water in zircon, quartz, and topaz,” Am. Mineral. 71(9-1), 1186–1193 (1986).

C. J. Ruud, J. S. Price, B. Fischer, B. Wang, and N. Giebink, “Lightweight monolithic microcell CPV for space,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3535–3538.

M. Perry, P. Alea, M. Cully, M. McCullough, P. Sanneman, N. Teti, and B. Zink, “Earth Observing-1 Spacecraft Bus,” in Proceedings of the 15th Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites (IEEE, 2001), SSC01-V-6.

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, H. Brandhorst, K. Schmid, P. LaCorte, M. Piszczor, and M. Myers, “Recent space PV concentrator advances: More robust, lighter, and easier to track,” in 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–6.

J. E. Moore, K. J. Schmieder, W. Wagner, and M. P. Lumb, “Strategies for defect-tolerant microconcentrator photovoltaic modules,” J. Photonics Energy 9(01), 014501 (2019).

[Crossref]

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

M. P. Lumb, B. Fisher, K. J. Schmieder, and M. Meitl, “Six-junction (6J) microscale concentrating photovoltaics (CPV) for space applications,” in 2016 IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2016), pp. 3415–3420.

R. Schnadt and J. Schneider, “The electronic structure of the trapped-hole center in smoky quartz,” Eur. Phys. J. B 11(1), 19–42 (1970).

[Crossref]

R. Schnadt and J. Schneider, “The electronic structure of the trapped-hole center in smoky quartz,” Eur. Phys. J. B 11(1), 19–42 (1970).

[Crossref]

J. S. Fodor, M. A. Frey, S. W. Gelb, Z. Maassarani, J. S. Powe, and J. A. Schwartz, “In-orbit performance of space solar arrays,” in 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, 2003. Proceedings of (IEEE, 2003), pp. 638–641.

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

R. Winston, J. C. Miñano, P. Benítez, N. Shatz, and J. C. Bortz, Nonimaging Optics (Elsevier, 2005).

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

K. A. W. Horowitz, T. W. Remo, B. Smith, and A. J. Ptak, “A techno-economic analysis and cost reduction roadmap for III-V solar cells” (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2018), NREL/TP-6A20-72103.

S. F. Dawson, P. Stella, W. McAlpine, and B. Smith, “JUNO Photovoltaic power at Jupiter,” in 10th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2012), pp. 2012–3833.

P. A. Jones and B. R. Spence, “Spacecraft solar array technology trends,” in 1998 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings (Cat. No.98TH8339) (IEEE, 1998), pp. 141–152

M. O’Neill, A. J. McDanal, M. Piszczor, T. Peshek, M. Myers, C. McPheeters, J. Steinfeldt, B. Heintz, P. Sharps, M. Puglia, and C. Kumar, “Advanced development of space photovoltaic concentrators using robust lenses, multi-junction cells, & graphene radiators,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3378–3383.

S. F. Dawson, P. Stella, W. McAlpine, and B. Smith, “JUNO Photovoltaic power at Jupiter,” in 10th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2012), pp. 2012–3833.

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, W. C. Sweatt, J. L. Cruz-Campa, and V. Gupta, “Optimal cell connections for improved shading, reliability, and spectral performance of microsystem enabled photovoltaic (MEPV) modules,” in 2010 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2010), pp. 003048–003054.

A. L. Lentine, G. N. Nielson, M. Okandan, J. Cruz-Campa, and A. Tauke-Pedretti, “Voltage matching and optimal cell compositions for microsystem-enabled photovoltaic modules,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 4(6), 1593–1602 (2014).

[Crossref]

M. Perry, P. Alea, M. Cully, M. McCullough, P. Sanneman, N. Teti, and B. Zink, “Earth Observing-1 Spacecraft Bus,” in Proceedings of the 15th Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites (IEEE, 2001), SSC01-V-6.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).

[Crossref]

J. E. Moore, K. J. Schmieder, W. Wagner, and M. P. Lumb, “Strategies for defect-tolerant microconcentrator photovoltaic modules,” J. Photonics Energy 9(01), 014501 (2019).

[Crossref]

E. Menard, W. Wagner, B. Furman, K. Ghosal, J. Gabriel, M. Meitl, and S. Burroughs, “Multi-physics circuit network performance model for CPV modules/systems,” in 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 002268–002272.

M. P. Lumb, S. Mack, K. J. Schmieder, M. González, M. F. Bennett, D. Scheiman, M. Meitl, B. Fisher, S. Burroughs, K.-T. Lee, J. A. Rogers, and R. J. Walters, “GaSb-Based solar cells for full solar spectrum energy harvesting,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(20), 1700345 (2017).

[Crossref]

R. Hoheisel, A. W. Bett, J. H. Warner, R. J. Walters, and P. P. Jenkins, “Low temperature low intensity effects in III-V photovoltaic devices for deep space missions,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3763–3767.

R. Hoheisel, R. J. Walters, and A. W. Bett, “Low temperature effects in photovoltaic devices for deep space missions,” in 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–5.

J. S. Price, A. J. Grede, B. Wang, M. V. Lipski, B. Fisher, K.-T. Lee, J. He, G. S. Brulo, X. Ma, S. Burroughs, C. D. Rahn, R. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, and N. C. Giebink, “High-concentration planar microtracking photovoltaic system exceeding 30% efficiency,” Nat. Energy 2(8), 17113 (2017).

[Crossref]

C. J. Ruud, J. S. Price, B. Fischer, B. Wang, and N. Giebink, “Lightweight monolithic microcell CPV for space,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3535–3538.

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

R. Hoheisel, A. W. Bett, J. H. Warner, R. J. Walters, and P. P. Jenkins, “Low temperature low intensity effects in III-V photovoltaic devices for deep space missions,” in 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC 34th EU PVSEC) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 3763–3767.

B. R. Clapp, H. J. Weigl, N. E. Goodzeit, D. R. Carter, and T. J. Rood, “GOES-R active vibration damping controller design, implementation, and on-orbit performance,” CEAS Space J. 10(4), 501–517 (2018).

[Crossref]

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

S. F. Pellicori, C. L. Martinez, P. Hausgen, and D. Wilt, “Development and testing of coatings for orbital space radiation environments,” Appl. Opt. 53(4), A339–A350 (2014).

[Crossref]

D. Wilt, S. Messenger, and A. Howard, “Technology opportunities to enable high mass specific power,” in 2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 001500–001506.

M. Eskenazi, A. Jones, R. K. Jain, B. Hoang, K. MacDonald, Y. N. Wong, J. Kesapradist, and G. V. Ommering, “Preliminary test results for the CellSaver concentrator in geosynchronous earth orbit,” in Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 622–625.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).

[Crossref]

X. Sheng, C. A. Bower, S. Bonafede, J. W. Wilson, B. Fisher, M. Meitl, H. Yuen, S. Wang, L. Shen, A. R. Banks, C. J. Corcoran, R. G. Nuzzo, S. Burroughs, and J. A. Rogers, “Printing-based assembly of quadruple-junction four-terminal microscale solar cells and their use in high-efficiency modules,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 593–598 (2014).

[Crossref]

M. Perry, P. Alea, M. Cully, M. McCullough, P. Sanneman, N. Teti, and B. Zink, “Earth Observing-1 Spacecraft Bus,” in Proceedings of the 15th Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites (IEEE, 2001), SSC01-V-6.