Abstract

Laser damage thresholds (Ith) at 1.03 µm, as well as third-order nonlinear refractive indices (n2) and two photon absorption coefficients (β) at 1.55 µm of a number of Ge-As-S glasses were measured and systematically studied. The glass with the composition Ge0.12As0.24S0.64 showed a high Ith and the maximum figure of merit (fm= n2/(β·λ)), and therefore was selected as the core material for the fabrication of a step-index fiber. A compatible glass with the composition Ge0.18As0.1S0.72 was chosen as the cladding material. Based on the dispersion calculations, the fiber with a core diameter of ∼7–10 µm was designed. The designed fiber was fabricated by a multiple step rod-in-tube method. When the fiber with a core diameter of ∼9 µm and a length of ∼13.5 cm was pumped by ∼170 fs pulses (1 MHz) at 4.5 µm, the mid-infrared supercontinuum (SC) covering 1.3–8.1 µm was generated. These results demonstrate the good potential of Ge-As-S chalcogenide fibers for producing high-brightness broadband mid-infrared SC light sources.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]

2019 (6)

K. Jiao, J. M. Yao, Z. M. Zhao, X. G. Wang, N. Si, X. S. Wang, P. Chen, Z. G. Xue, Y. M. Tian, B. Zhang, P. Q. Zhang, S. X. Dai, Q. H. Nie, and R. P. Wang, “Mid-infrared flattened supercontinuum generation in all-normal dispersion tellurium chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 27(3), 2036–2043 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. Jayasuriya, C. R. Petersen, D. Furniss, C. Markos, Z. Tang, M. S. Habib, O. Bang, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in birefringent, low loss, ultra-high numerical aperture Ge-As-Se-Te chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(6), 2617–2629 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Ren, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, B. Zhang, A. P. Yang, K. Z. Tian, X. Feng, Z. Y. Yang, P. F. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Chalcogenide glass fibers with a rectangular core for polarized mid-infrared supercontinuum generation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 517, 57–60 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. T. Li, X. F. Peng, S. X. Dai, Y. Y. Wang, M. Xie, L. Yang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, and P. Q. Zhang, “Highly coherent 1.5–8.3 µm broadband supercontinuum generation in a tapered As–S chalcogenide fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37(9), 1847–1852 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. J. Zhang, T. T. Li, Y. Y. Yang, H. Z. Tao, X. Zhang, X. Yuan, and Z. Y. Yang, “Femtosecond laser induced damage on Ge-As-S chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 555–561 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Meneghetti, C. Caillaud, R. Chahal, E. Galdo, L. Brilland, J. L. Adam, and J. Troles, “Purification of Ge-As-Se ternary glasses for the development of high quality microstructured optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 503–504, 84–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (4)

2017 (4)

S. Kedenburg, C. Strutynski, B. Kibler, P. Froidevaux, F. Desevedavy, G. Gadret, J. C. Jules, T. Steinle, F. Morz, A. Steinmann, H. Giessen, and F. Smektala, “High repetition rate mid-infrared supercontinuum generation from 1.3 to 5.3 µm in robust step-index tellurite fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(3), 601–607 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. M. Zhao, B. Wu, X. S. Wang, Z. H. Pan, Z. J. Liu, P. Q. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. H. Nie, S. X. Dai, and R. P. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 µm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, R. D. Engelsholm, C. Markos, L. Brilland, C. Caillaud, J. Trolès, and O. Bang, “Increased mid-infrared supercontinuum bandwidth and average power by tapering large-mode-area chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 25(13), 15336–15348 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Y. You, S. X. Dai, P. Q. Zhang, Y. S. Xu, Y. Y. Wang, D. Xu, and R. P. Wang, “Mid-infrared femtosecond laser-induced damages in As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide glasses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6497 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, Y. W. Wang, A. P. Yang, X. Gai, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12 µm supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99(8), 2565–2568 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, Z. Y. Yang, P. Lucas, Y. W. Wang, Z. J. Yang, A. P. Yang, B. Zhang, and H. Z. Tao, “Composition dependence of physical and optical properties in Ge-As-S chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 38–42 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Yang, L. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. H. Qiu, A. P. Yang, H. Z. Tao, and D. Y. Tang, “The effects of germanium addition on properties of Ga-Sb-S chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 452, 114–118 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Theberge, P. Mathieu, N. Thire, J. F. Daigle, B. E. Schmidt, J. Fortin, R. Vallee, Y. Messaddeq, and F. Legare, “Mid-infrared nonlinear absorption in As2S3 chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express 24(21), 24600–24610 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, X. Gai, P. Ma, K. Vu, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Experimental demonstration of linearly polarized 2–10 µm supercontinuum generation in a chalcogenide rib waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 41(5), 958–961 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. L. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, T. H. Tuan, X. J. Xue, M. Matsumoto, H. Tezuka, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-Infrared supercontinuum generation spanning 2.0 to 15.1 µm in a chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(9), 2117–2120 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. X. Shi, X. Feng, F. Z. Tan, P. Wang, and P. Wang, “Multi-watt mid-infrared supercontinuum generated from a dehydrated large-core tellurite glass fiber,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(12), 3967–3976 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, high NA chalcogenide glass fibers for broadband mid-infrared supercontinuum generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

V. S. Shiryaev, A. P. Velmuzhov, Z. Q. Tang, M. F. Churbanov, and A. B. Seddon, “Preparation of high purity glasses in the Ga-Ge-As-Se system,” Opt. Mater. 37, 18–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Q. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Banget, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 µm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, X. Gai, W. H. Wei, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, X. Shen, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Systematic z-scan measurements of the third order nonlinearity of chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 1011–1022 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. H. Messaddeq, R. Vallée, P. Soucy, M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, and Y. Messaddeq, “Self-organized periodic structures on Ge-S based chalcogenide glass induced by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 20(28), 29882–29889 (2012).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Dinu, “Dispersion of phonon-assisted nonresonant third-order nonlinearities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(11), 1498–1503 (2003).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

R. C. Miller, “Optical second harmonic generation in piezoelectric crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(1), 17–19 (1964).
[Crossref]

Abdel-Moneim, N.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Q. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Banget, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 µm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adam, J. L.

M. Meneghetti, C. Caillaud, R. Chahal, E. Galdo, L. Brilland, J. L. Adam, and J. Troles, “Purification of Ge-As-Se ternary glasses for the development of high quality microstructured optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 503–504, 84–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, I. D.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. B. Shaw, P. A. Thielen, F. H. Kung, V. Q. Nguyen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “IR supercontinuum generation in As-Se photonic crystal fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2005), TuC5.

Alvarez, O.

Babic, F.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bang, O.

Banget, O.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Q. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Banget, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 µm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bedford, R.

Benson, T.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Q. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Banget, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 µm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Benson, T. M.

Bernier, M.

Brilland, L.

M. Meneghetti, C. Caillaud, R. Chahal, E. Galdo, L. Brilland, J. L. Adam, and J. Troles, “Purification of Ge-As-Se ternary glasses for the development of high quality microstructured optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 503–504, 84–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, R. D. Engelsholm, C. Markos, L. Brilland, C. Caillaud, J. Trolès, and O. Bang, “Increased mid-infrared supercontinuum bandwidth and average power by tapering large-mode-area chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 25(13), 15336–15348 (2017).
[Crossref]

Caillaud, C.

M. Meneghetti, C. Caillaud, R. Chahal, E. Galdo, L. Brilland, J. L. Adam, and J. Troles, “Purification of Ge-As-Se ternary glasses for the development of high quality microstructured optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 503–504, 84–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, R. D. Engelsholm, C. Markos, L. Brilland, C. Caillaud, J. Trolès, and O. Bang, “Increased mid-infrared supercontinuum bandwidth and average power by tapering large-mode-area chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 25(13), 15336–15348 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chahal, R.

M. Meneghetti, C. Caillaud, R. Chahal, E. Galdo, L. Brilland, J. L. Adam, and J. Troles, “Purification of Ge-As-Se ternary glasses for the development of high quality microstructured optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 503–504, 84–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

Chenard, F.

Cheng, T. L.

Choi, D.

Churbanov, M. F.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. P. Velmuzhov, Z. Q. Tang, M. F. Churbanov, and A. B. Seddon, “Preparation of high purity glasses in the Ga-Ge-As-Se system,” Opt. Mater. 37, 18–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dai, S. X.

K. Jiao, J. M. Yao, Z. M. Zhao, X. G. Wang, N. Si, X. S. Wang, P. Chen, Z. G. Xue, Y. M. Tian, B. Zhang, P. Q. Zhang, S. X. Dai, Q. H. Nie, and R. P. Wang, “Mid-infrared flattened supercontinuum generation in all-normal dispersion tellurium chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 27(3), 2036–2043 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. T. Li, X. F. Peng, S. X. Dai, Y. Y. Wang, M. Xie, L. Yang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, and P. Q. Zhang, “Highly coherent 1.5–8.3 µm broadband supercontinuum generation in a tapered As–S chalcogenide fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37(9), 1847–1852 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Xie, S. X. Dai, C. Y. You, P. P. Zhang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, G. T. Li, and R. P. Wang, “Correlation among structure, water peak absorption, and femtosecond laser ablation properties of Ge-Sb-Se chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(3), 1681–1687 (2018).
[Crossref]

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T. Wang, X. Gai, W. H. Wei, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, X. Shen, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Systematic z-scan measurements of the third order nonlinearity of chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 1011–1022 (2014).
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Z. M. Zhao, B. Wu, X. S. Wang, Z. H. Pan, Z. J. Liu, P. Q. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. H. Nie, S. X. Dai, and R. P. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 µm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
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B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, Y. W. Wang, A. P. Yang, X. Gai, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12 µm supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99(8), 2565–2568 (2016).
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M. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Yang, L. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. H. Qiu, A. P. Yang, H. Z. Tao, and D. Y. Tang, “The effects of germanium addition on properties of Ga-Sb-S chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 452, 114–118 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, Z. Y. Yang, P. Lucas, Y. W. Wang, Z. J. Yang, A. P. Yang, B. Zhang, and H. Z. Tao, “Composition dependence of physical and optical properties in Ge-As-S chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 38–42 (2016).
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G. T. Li, X. F. Peng, S. X. Dai, Y. Y. Wang, M. Xie, L. Yang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, and P. Q. Zhang, “Highly coherent 1.5–8.3 µm broadband supercontinuum generation in a tapered As–S chalcogenide fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37(9), 1847–1852 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Y. You, S. X. Dai, P. Q. Zhang, Y. S. Xu, Y. Y. Wang, D. Xu, and R. P. Wang, “Mid-infrared femtosecond laser-induced damages in As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide glasses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6497 (2017).
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Wei, W. Y.

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[Crossref]

M. Xie, S. X. Dai, C. Y. You, P. P. Zhang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, G. T. Li, and R. P. Wang, “Correlation among structure, water peak absorption, and femtosecond laser ablation properties of Ge-Sb-Se chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(3), 1681–1687 (2018).
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X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
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Xie, M.

G. T. Li, X. F. Peng, S. X. Dai, Y. Y. Wang, M. Xie, L. Yang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, and P. Q. Zhang, “Highly coherent 1.5–8.3 µm broadband supercontinuum generation in a tapered As–S chalcogenide fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37(9), 1847–1852 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Xie, S. X. Dai, C. Y. You, P. P. Zhang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, G. T. Li, and R. P. Wang, “Correlation among structure, water peak absorption, and femtosecond laser ablation properties of Ge-Sb-Se chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(3), 1681–1687 (2018).
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C. Y. You, S. X. Dai, P. Q. Zhang, Y. S. Xu, Y. Y. Wang, D. Xu, and R. P. Wang, “Mid-infrared femtosecond laser-induced damages in As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide glasses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6497 (2017).
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C. Y. You, S. X. Dai, P. Q. Zhang, Y. S. Xu, Y. Y. Wang, D. Xu, and R. P. Wang, “Mid-infrared femtosecond laser-induced damages in As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide glasses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6497 (2017).
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Xue, Z. G.

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[Crossref]

B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, Y. W. Wang, A. P. Yang, X. Gai, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12 µm supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99(8), 2565–2568 (2016).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Y. Yang, Z. Y. Yang, P. Lucas, Y. W. Wang, Z. J. Yang, A. P. Yang, B. Zhang, and H. Z. Tao, “Composition dependence of physical and optical properties in Ge-As-S chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 38–42 (2016).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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G. T. Li, X. F. Peng, S. X. Dai, Y. Y. Wang, M. Xie, L. Yang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, and P. Q. Zhang, “Highly coherent 1.5–8.3 µm broadband supercontinuum generation in a tapered As–S chalcogenide fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37(9), 1847–1852 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Xie, S. X. Dai, C. Y. You, P. P. Zhang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, G. T. Li, and R. P. Wang, “Correlation among structure, water peak absorption, and femtosecond laser ablation properties of Ge-Sb-Se chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(3), 1681–1687 (2018).
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Y. Yang, Z. Y. Yang, P. Lucas, Y. W. Wang, Z. J. Yang, A. P. Yang, B. Zhang, and H. Z. Tao, “Composition dependence of physical and optical properties in Ge-As-S chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 38–42 (2016).
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M. J. Zhang, T. T. Li, Y. Y. Yang, H. Z. Tao, X. Zhang, X. Yuan, and Z. Y. Yang, “Femtosecond laser induced damage on Ge-As-S chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 555–561 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Ren, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, B. Zhang, A. P. Yang, K. Z. Tian, X. Feng, Z. Y. Yang, P. F. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Chalcogenide glass fibers with a rectangular core for polarized mid-infrared supercontinuum generation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 517, 57–60 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, Y. W. Wang, A. P. Yang, X. Gai, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12 µm supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99(8), 2565–2568 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, X. Gai, P. Ma, K. Vu, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Experimental demonstration of linearly polarized 2–10 µm supercontinuum generation in a chalcogenide rib waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 41(5), 958–961 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, Z. Y. Yang, P. Lucas, Y. W. Wang, Z. J. Yang, A. P. Yang, B. Zhang, and H. Z. Tao, “Composition dependence of physical and optical properties in Ge-As-S chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 38–42 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Yang, L. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. H. Qiu, A. P. Yang, H. Z. Tao, and D. Y. Tang, “The effects of germanium addition on properties of Ga-Sb-S chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 452, 114–118 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, high NA chalcogenide glass fibers for broadband mid-infrared supercontinuum generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
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Yao, J. M.

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M. Xie, S. X. Dai, C. Y. You, P. P. Zhang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, G. T. Li, and R. P. Wang, “Correlation among structure, water peak absorption, and femtosecond laser ablation properties of Ge-Sb-Se chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(3), 1681–1687 (2018).
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H. Ren, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, B. Zhang, A. P. Yang, K. Z. Tian, X. Feng, Z. Y. Yang, P. F. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Chalcogenide glass fibers with a rectangular core for polarized mid-infrared supercontinuum generation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 517, 57–60 (2019).
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Y. Yu, X. Gai, P. Ma, K. Vu, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Experimental demonstration of linearly polarized 2–10 µm supercontinuum generation in a chalcogenide rib waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 41(5), 958–961 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, Y. W. Wang, A. P. Yang, X. Gai, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12 µm supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99(8), 2565–2568 (2016).
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Zhai, C. C.

H. Ren, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, B. Zhang, A. P. Yang, K. Z. Tian, X. Feng, Z. Y. Yang, P. F. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Chalcogenide glass fibers with a rectangular core for polarized mid-infrared supercontinuum generation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 517, 57–60 (2019).
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H. Ren, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, B. Zhang, A. P. Yang, K. Z. Tian, X. Feng, Z. Y. Yang, P. F. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Chalcogenide glass fibers with a rectangular core for polarized mid-infrared supercontinuum generation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 517, 57–60 (2019).
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B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, Y. W. Wang, A. P. Yang, X. Gai, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12 µm supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99(8), 2565–2568 (2016).
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Zhang, M. J.

M. J. Zhang, T. T. Li, Y. Y. Yang, H. Z. Tao, X. Zhang, X. Yuan, and Z. Y. Yang, “Femtosecond laser induced damage on Ge-As-S chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 555–561 (2019).
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M. Xie, S. X. Dai, C. Y. You, P. P. Zhang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, G. T. Li, and R. P. Wang, “Correlation among structure, water peak absorption, and femtosecond laser ablation properties of Ge-Sb-Se chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(3), 1681–1687 (2018).
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G. T. Li, X. F. Peng, S. X. Dai, Y. Y. Wang, M. Xie, L. Yang, C. F. Yang, W. Y. Wei, and P. Q. Zhang, “Highly coherent 1.5–8.3 µm broadband supercontinuum generation in a tapered As–S chalcogenide fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37(9), 1847–1852 (2019).
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Optica (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. Y. You, S. X. Dai, P. Q. Zhang, Y. S. Xu, Y. Y. Wang, D. Xu, and R. P. Wang, “Mid-infrared femtosecond laser-induced damages in As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide glasses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6497 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

L. B. Shaw, P. A. Thielen, F. H. Kung, V. Q. Nguyen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “IR supercontinuum generation in As-Se photonic crystal fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2005), TuC5.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup for Z-scan measurements.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Correlation between the Ith and dS of Ge-As-S glasses.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Z-scan curves measured at 1.55 µm for Ge0.175As0.15S0.675 glass: (a) in closed aperture condition; (b) in open aperture condition.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Correlations between optical parameters in Ge-As-S glasses: (a) χ(3) vs ((n02−1)/(4π))4; (b) n2 vs n0.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Calculated GVD of Ge0.12As0.24S0.64/Ge0.18As0.1S0.72 fibers as a function of the core diameter.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Attenuation of fabricated Ge0.12As0.24S0.64/Ge0.18As0.1S0.72 fiber with a core diameter of ∼74 µm and a cladding diameter of ∼400 µm. The inset is the cross section of the final fiber that has a core dimeter of ∼9 µm.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Experimental setup for mid-infrared SC measurements.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Experimental (exp) and theoretical (thr) SC when the Ge0.12As0.24S0.64/Ge0.18As0.1S0.72 fiber with a diameter of 9 µm and a length of 13.5 cm was pumped by 4.5 µm (170 fs, 1 MHz) light with different average powers.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Measured SC generated in the Ge0.12As0.24S0.64/Ge0.18As0.1S0.72 fiber with a diameter of 9 µm when pumped at 3.8 µm and 4.0 µm (60 mW, 170 fs, 1 MHz).

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Measured parameters for the Ge-As-S glass samples

Equations (4)

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χ ( 3 ) = n 2 n 0 2 0.0395 = α [ n 0 2 1 4 π ] 4 ,
n 2 = 3.41 × 10 20 ( n 0 2 1 ) 4 n 0 2 m 2 /W.
n 0 ( c o r e ) 2 = 1 + 4.0441 λ 2 λ 2 0.2258 2 + 1.1749 λ 2 λ 2 29.60 2 ,
n 0 ( cladding ) 2 = 1 + 3.5172 λ 2 λ 2 0.2150 2 + 0.9294 λ 2 λ 2 28.90 2 ,

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