Abstract

LD chips, combined with phosphor converters, are considered as optimum candidates for high brightness lighting. In this work, Al2O3-YAG:Ce composite ceramics were prepared as the phosphor converters. The sintering temperature and the sintering additives were optimized to obtain the highest quantum efficiency. The effect of the molar ratio of Al2O3 to YAG:Ce on the performance of the ceramics that were excited by the LD chips was studied. The results show that the light extraction efficiency from the ceramic surfaces increases with the increasing molar ratio of Al2O3 to YAG:Ce. Moreover, the improved thermal conductivity caused the ceramics with higher molar ratio of Al2O3 to YAG:Ce show alleviative luminescence saturation and improved reliability.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  5. L. Y. Kuritzky and J. S. Speck, “Lighting for the 21st century with laser diodes based on non-basal plane orientations of GaN,” MRS Commun. 5(03), 463–473 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. Z. Xia and A. Meijerink, “Ce3+-Doped garnet phosphors: composition modification, luminescence properties and applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 46(1), 275–299 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. C. Sommer, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, M. Schweighart, S. Tasch, G. Leising, and F. P. Wenzl, “A detailed study on the requirements for angular homogeneity of phosphor converted high power white LED light sources,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 837–848 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  11. N. Wei, T. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B. Ma, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Transparent Ce: Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061902 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. C. Sommer, F. Reil, J. R. Krenn, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, H. Hoschopf, and F. P. Wenzl, “The impact of light scattering on the radiant flux of phosphor-converted high power white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(15), 2285–2291 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Mao and R. F. Karlicek, “Surface patterning of nonscattering phosphors for light extraction,” Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2796–2799 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. S. W. Yoon, H. K. Park, J. H. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “Full extraction of 2D photonic crystal assisted Y3Al5O12: Ce ceramic plate phosphor for highly efficient white LEDs,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(1), 1 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  21. P. Wang, D. Wang, J. Song, Z.-y. Mao, and Q. Lu, “Incorporation of Si-O induced valence state variation of cerium ion and phase evolution in YAG: Ce phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23(9), 1764–1769 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. J.-J. Shyu and C.-W. Yang, “Improvement of photoluminescence intensity of Ce-doped Y3Al5O12 phosphor by Si3N4 addition,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 193, 339–347 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  24. K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  26. V. Bachmann, C. Ronda, and A. Meijerink, “Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG: Ce,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2077–2084 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  27. S. Arjoca, E. G. Víllora, D. Inomata, K. Aoki, Y. Sugahara, and K. Shimamura, “Temperature dependence of Ce: YAG single-crystal phosphors for high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” Mater. Res. Express 2(5), 055503 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

Y. H. Song, E. K. Ji, B. W. Jeong, M. K. Jung, E. Y. Kim, C. W. Lee, and D. H. Yoon, “Design of laser-driven high-efficiency Al2O3/YAG: Ce3+ ceramic converter for automotive lighting: Fabrication, luminous emittance, and tunable color space,” Dyes Pigm. 139, 688–692 (2017).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Shyu and C.-W. Yang, “Improvement of photoluminescence intensity of Ce-doped Y3Al5O12 phosphor by Si3N4 addition,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 193, 339–347 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Xia and A. Meijerink, “Ce3+-Doped garnet phosphors: composition modification, luminescence properties and applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 46(1), 275–299 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Arjoca, E. G. Víllora, D. Inomata, K. Aoki, Y. Sugahara, and K. Shimamura, “Temperature dependence of Ce: YAG single-crystal phosphors for high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” Mater. Res. Express 2(5), 055503 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Tang, S. Zhou, C. Chen, X. Yi, Y. Feng, H. Lin, and S. Zhang, “Composite phase ceramic phosphor of Al2O3-Ce:YAG for high efficiency light emitting,” Opt. Express 23(14), 17923–17928 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. R. Tang, S. M. Zhou, X. Z. Yi, H. Lin, S. Zhang, and M. Hao, “Microstructure optimization of the composite phase ceramic phosphor for white LEDs with excellent luminous efficacy,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5479–5481 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Y. Kuritzky and J. S. Speck, “Lighting for the 21st century with laser diodes based on non-basal plane orientations of GaN,” MRS Commun. 5(03), 463–473 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Pust, P. J. Schmidt, and W. Schnick, “A revolution in lighting,” Nat. Mater. 14(5), 454–458 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

S. W. Yoon, H. K. Park, J. H. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “Full extraction of 2D photonic crystal assisted Y3Al5O12: Ce ceramic plate phosphor for highly efficient white LEDs,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(1), 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light‐emitting diodes for future solid‐state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Mao and R. F. Karlicek, “Surface patterning of nonscattering phosphors for light extraction,” Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2796–2799 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

P. Wang, D. Wang, J. Song, Z.-y. Mao, and Q. Lu, “Incorporation of Si-O induced valence state variation of cerium ion and phase evolution in YAG: Ce phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23(9), 1764–1769 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, J. Song, H. Tian, Q. Lu, and D. Wang, “Thermal stability of luminous YAG: Ce bulk ceramic as a remote phosphor prepared through silica-stabilizing valence of activator in air,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(3), 201–204 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Wei, T. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B. Ma, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Transparent Ce: Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061902 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2009 (3)

V. Bachmann, C. Ronda, and A. Meijerink, “Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG: Ce,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2077–2084 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Sommer, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, M. Schweighart, S. Tasch, G. Leising, and F. P. Wenzl, “A detailed study on the requirements for angular homogeneity of phosphor converted high power white LED light sources,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 837–848 (2009).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. Nakamura, “The roles of structural imperfections in InGaN-based blue light-emitting diodes and laser diodes,” Science 281(5379), 956–961 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aoki, K.

S. Arjoca, E. G. Víllora, D. Inomata, K. Aoki, Y. Sugahara, and K. Shimamura, “Temperature dependence of Ce: YAG single-crystal phosphors for high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” Mater. Res. Express 2(5), 055503 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arjoca, S.

S. Arjoca, E. G. Víllora, D. Inomata, K. Aoki, Y. Sugahara, and K. Shimamura, “Temperature dependence of Ce: YAG single-crystal phosphors for high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” Mater. Res. Express 2(5), 055503 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bachmann, V.

V. Bachmann, C. Ronda, and A. Meijerink, “Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG: Ce,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2077–2084 (2009).
[Crossref]

Beitlerova, A.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, L.

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

Chen, X.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cho, Y.

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cozzan, C.

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D’Ambrosio, C.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

DenBaars, S. P.

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Do, Y. R.

S. W. Yoon, H. K. Park, J. H. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “Full extraction of 2D photonic crystal assisted Y3Al5O12: Ce ceramic plate phosphor for highly efficient white LEDs,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(1), 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fasoli, M.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

Graser, J.

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guan, Y.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hao, M.

Hartmann, P.

C. Sommer, F. Reil, J. R. Krenn, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, H. Hoschopf, and F. P. Wenzl, “The impact of light scattering on the radiant flux of phosphor-converted high power white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(15), 2285–2291 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Sommer, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, M. Schweighart, S. Tasch, G. Leising, and F. P. Wenzl, “A detailed study on the requirements for angular homogeneity of phosphor converted high power white LED light sources,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 837–848 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hirosaki, N.

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hoschopf, H.

Hu, S.

S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

Inomata, D.

S. Arjoca, E. G. Víllora, D. Inomata, K. Aoki, Y. Sugahara, and K. Shimamura, “Temperature dependence of Ce: YAG single-crystal phosphors for high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” Mater. Res. Express 2(5), 055503 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jeong, B. W.

Y. H. Song, E. K. Ji, B. W. Jeong, M. K. Jung, E. Y. Kim, C. W. Lee, and D. H. Yoon, “Design of laser-driven high-efficiency Al2O3/YAG: Ce3+ ceramic converter for automotive lighting: Fabrication, luminous emittance, and tunable color space,” Dyes Pigm. 139, 688–692 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ji, E. K.

Y. H. Song, E. K. Ji, B. W. Jeong, M. K. Jung, E. Y. Kim, C. W. Lee, and D. H. Yoon, “Design of laser-driven high-efficiency Al2O3/YAG: Ce3+ ceramic converter for automotive lighting: Fabrication, luminous emittance, and tunable color space,” Dyes Pigm. 139, 688–692 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jung, M. K.

Y. H. Song, E. K. Ji, B. W. Jeong, M. K. Jung, E. Y. Kim, C. W. Lee, and D. H. Yoon, “Design of laser-driven high-efficiency Al2O3/YAG: Ce3+ ceramic converter for automotive lighting: Fabrication, luminous emittance, and tunable color space,” Dyes Pigm. 139, 688–692 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kamada, K.

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Karlicek, R. F.

Kim, E. Y.

Y. H. Song, E. K. Ji, B. W. Jeong, M. K. Jung, E. Y. Kim, C. W. Lee, and D. H. Yoon, “Design of laser-driven high-efficiency Al2O3/YAG: Ce3+ ceramic converter for automotive lighting: Fabrication, luminous emittance, and tunable color space,” Dyes Pigm. 139, 688–692 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kou, H.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

Krenn, J. R.

Kuritzky, L. Y.

L. Y. Kuritzky and J. S. Speck, “Lighting for the 21st century with laser diodes based on non-basal plane orientations of GaN,” MRS Commun. 5(03), 463–473 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kurosawa, S.

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. W.

Y. H. Song, E. K. Ji, B. W. Jeong, M. K. Jung, E. Y. Kim, C. W. Lee, and D. H. Yoon, “Design of laser-driven high-efficiency Al2O3/YAG: Ce3+ ceramic converter for automotive lighting: Fabrication, luminous emittance, and tunable color space,” Dyes Pigm. 139, 688–692 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lei, B.

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Leising, G.

C. Sommer, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, M. Schweighart, S. Tasch, G. Leising, and F. P. Wenzl, “A detailed study on the requirements for angular homogeneity of phosphor converted high power white LED light sources,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 837–848 (2009).
[Crossref]

Levin, E. E.

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lheureux, G.

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, F.

N. Wei, T. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B. Ma, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Transparent Ce: Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lin, H.

liu, G.

S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, Q.

P. Wang, J. Song, H. Tian, Q. Lu, and D. Wang, “Thermal stability of luminous YAG: Ce bulk ceramic as a remote phosphor prepared through silica-stabilizing valence of activator in air,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(3), 201–204 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, D. Wang, J. Song, Z.-y. Mao, and Q. Lu, “Incorporation of Si-O induced valence state variation of cerium ion and phase evolution in YAG: Ce phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23(9), 1764–1769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, T.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Wei, T. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B. Ma, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Transparent Ce: Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, Z.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Wei, T. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B. Ma, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Transparent Ce: Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, B.

N. Wei, T. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B. Ma, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Transparent Ce: Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mao, A.

Mao, Z.-y.

P. Wang, D. Wang, J. Song, Z.-y. Mao, and Q. Lu, “Incorporation of Si-O induced valence state variation of cerium ion and phase evolution in YAG: Ce phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23(9), 1764–1769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mares, J. A.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

Meijerink, A.

Z. Xia and A. Meijerink, “Ce3+-Doped garnet phosphors: composition modification, luminescence properties and applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 46(1), 275–299 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Bachmann, C. Ronda, and A. Meijerink, “Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG: Ce,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2077–2084 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nagura, A.

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, S.

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Nakamura, “The roles of structural imperfections in InGaN-based blue light-emitting diodes and laser diodes,” Science 281(5379), 956–961 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nikl, M.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nishimura, T.

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

O’Dea, N.

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh, J. H.

S. W. Yoon, H. K. Park, J. H. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “Full extraction of 2D photonic crystal assisted Y3Al5O12: Ce ceramic plate phosphor for highly efficient white LEDs,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(1), 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ohashi, Y.

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ouyang, G.

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pachler, P.

C. Sommer, F. Reil, J. R. Krenn, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, H. Hoschopf, and F. P. Wenzl, “The impact of light scattering on the radiant flux of phosphor-converted high power white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(15), 2285–2291 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Sommer, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, M. Schweighart, S. Tasch, G. Leising, and F. P. Wenzl, “A detailed study on the requirements for angular homogeneity of phosphor converted high power white LED light sources,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 837–848 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pan, Y.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

Park, H. K.

S. W. Yoon, H. K. Park, J. H. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “Full extraction of 2D photonic crystal assisted Y3Al5O12: Ce ceramic plate phosphor for highly efficient white LEDs,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(1), 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pejchal, J.

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pimputkar, S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pust, P.

P. Pust, P. J. Schmidt, and W. Schnick, “A revolution in lighting,” Nat. Mater. 14(5), 454–458 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qi, J.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Wei, T. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B. Ma, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Transparent Ce: Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qin, X.

S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Reil, F.

Ronda, C.

V. Bachmann, C. Ronda, and A. Meijerink, “Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG: Ce,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2077–2084 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, P. J.

P. Pust, P. J. Schmidt, and W. Schnick, “A revolution in lighting,” Nat. Mater. 14(5), 454–458 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schnick, W.

P. Pust, P. J. Schmidt, and W. Schnick, “A revolution in lighting,” Nat. Mater. 14(5), 454–458 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schweighart, M.

C. Sommer, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, M. Schweighart, S. Tasch, G. Leising, and F. P. Wenzl, “A detailed study on the requirements for angular homogeneity of phosphor converted high power white LED light sources,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 837–848 (2009).
[Crossref]

Seshadri, R.

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, Q.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shimamura, K.

S. Arjoca, E. G. Víllora, D. Inomata, K. Aoki, Y. Sugahara, and K. Shimamura, “Temperature dependence of Ce: YAG single-crystal phosphors for high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” Mater. Res. Express 2(5), 055503 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shoji, Y.

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shyu, J.-J.

J.-J. Shyu and C.-W. Yang, “Improvement of photoluminescence intensity of Ce-doped Y3Al5O12 phosphor by Si3N4 addition,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 193, 339–347 (2017).
[Crossref]

Si, S.

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sizov, D. S.

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light‐emitting diodes for future solid‐state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sommer, C.

C. Sommer, F. Reil, J. R. Krenn, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, H. Hoschopf, and F. P. Wenzl, “The impact of light scattering on the radiant flux of phosphor-converted high power white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(15), 2285–2291 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Sommer, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, M. Schweighart, S. Tasch, G. Leising, and F. P. Wenzl, “A detailed study on the requirements for angular homogeneity of phosphor converted high power white LED light sources,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 837–848 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

P. Wang, J. Song, H. Tian, Q. Lu, and D. Wang, “Thermal stability of luminous YAG: Ce bulk ceramic as a remote phosphor prepared through silica-stabilizing valence of activator in air,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(3), 201–204 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, D. Wang, J. Song, Z.-y. Mao, and Q. Lu, “Incorporation of Si-O induced valence state variation of cerium ion and phase evolution in YAG: Ce phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23(9), 1764–1769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. H.

Y. H. Song, E. K. Ji, B. W. Jeong, M. K. Jung, E. Y. Kim, C. W. Lee, and D. H. Yoon, “Design of laser-driven high-efficiency Al2O3/YAG: Ce3+ ceramic converter for automotive lighting: Fabrication, luminous emittance, and tunable color space,” Dyes Pigm. 139, 688–692 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sparks, T. D.

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Speck, J. S.

L. Y. Kuritzky and J. S. Speck, “Lighting for the 21st century with laser diodes based on non-basal plane orientations of GaN,” MRS Commun. 5(03), 463–473 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Su, Q.

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sugahara, Y.

S. Arjoca, E. G. Víllora, D. Inomata, K. Aoki, Y. Sugahara, and K. Shimamura, “Temperature dependence of Ce: YAG single-crystal phosphors for high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” Mater. Res. Express 2(5), 055503 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

Tang, Y. R.

Tasch, S.

C. Sommer, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, M. Schweighart, S. Tasch, G. Leising, and F. P. Wenzl, “A detailed study on the requirements for angular homogeneity of phosphor converted high power white LED light sources,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 837–848 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tian, H.

P. Wang, J. Song, H. Tian, Q. Lu, and D. Wang, “Thermal stability of luminous YAG: Ce bulk ceramic as a remote phosphor prepared through silica-stabilizing valence of activator in air,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(3), 201–204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tsao, J. Y.

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light‐emitting diodes for future solid‐state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vedda, A.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

Víllora, E. G.

S. Arjoca, E. G. Víllora, D. Inomata, K. Aoki, Y. Sugahara, and K. Shimamura, “Temperature dependence of Ce: YAG single-crystal phosphors for high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” Mater. Res. Express 2(5), 055503 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

P. Wang, D. Wang, J. Song, Z.-y. Mao, and Q. Lu, “Incorporation of Si-O induced valence state variation of cerium ion and phase evolution in YAG: Ce phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23(9), 1764–1769 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, J. Song, H. Tian, Q. Lu, and D. Wang, “Thermal stability of luminous YAG: Ce bulk ceramic as a remote phosphor prepared through silica-stabilizing valence of activator in air,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(3), 201–204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

P. Wang, J. Song, H. Tian, Q. Lu, and D. Wang, “Thermal stability of luminous YAG: Ce bulk ceramic as a remote phosphor prepared through silica-stabilizing valence of activator in air,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(3), 201–204 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, D. Wang, J. Song, Z.-y. Mao, and Q. Lu, “Incorporation of Si-O induced valence state variation of cerium ion and phase evolution in YAG: Ce phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23(9), 1764–1769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wei, N.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Wei, T. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B. Ma, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Transparent Ce: Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weisbuch, C.

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wenzl, F. P.

C. Sommer, F. Reil, J. R. Krenn, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, H. Hoschopf, and F. P. Wenzl, “The impact of light scattering on the radiant flux of phosphor-converted high power white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(15), 2285–2291 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Sommer, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, M. Schweighart, S. Tasch, G. Leising, and F. P. Wenzl, “A detailed study on the requirements for angular homogeneity of phosphor converted high power white LED light sources,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 837–848 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wierer, J. J.

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light‐emitting diodes for future solid‐state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xia, Z.

Z. Xia and A. Meijerink, “Ce3+-Doped garnet phosphors: composition modification, luminescence properties and applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 46(1), 275–299 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, R.

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xie, R.-J.

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, X.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.-W.

J.-J. Shyu and C.-W. Yang, “Improvement of photoluminescence intensity of Ce-doped Y3Al5O12 phosphor by Si3N4 addition,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 193, 339–347 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yi, X.

Yi, X. Z.

Yokota, Y.

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yoon, D. H.

Y. H. Song, E. K. Ji, B. W. Jeong, M. K. Jung, E. Y. Kim, C. W. Lee, and D. H. Yoon, “Design of laser-driven high-efficiency Al2O3/YAG: Ce3+ ceramic converter for automotive lighting: Fabrication, luminous emittance, and tunable color space,” Dyes Pigm. 139, 688–692 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yoon, S. W.

S. W. Yoon, H. K. Park, J. H. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “Full extraction of 2D photonic crystal assisted Y3Al5O12: Ce ceramic plate phosphor for highly efficient white LEDs,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(1), 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, A.

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.-W.

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, W.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Wei, T. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B. Ma, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Transparent Ce: Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G.

S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, S.

Zhou, S. M.

Zhu, Q.

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

C. Cozzan, G. Lheureux, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, J. Graser, T. D. Sparks, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, C. Weisbuch, and R. Seshadri, “Stable, Heat-Conducting Phosphor Composites for High-Power Laser Lighting,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5673–5681 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

X. Zhang, J. Yu, J. Wang, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Cho, R.-J. Xie, H.-W. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Tian, Y. Li, and Q. Su, “All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 986–995 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Liu, J. A. Mares, X. Feng, A. Vedda, M. Fasoli, Y. Shi, H. Kou, A. Beitlerova, L. Wu, C. D’Ambrosio, Y. Pan, and M. Nikl, “Towards bright and fast Lu3Al5O12: Ce, Mg optical ceramics scintillators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(5), 731–739 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Wei, T. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B. Ma, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Transparent Ce: Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ceram. Int. (1)

S. Hu, C. Lu, G. Zhou, X. Liu, X. Qin, G. liu, S. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Transparent YAG: Ce ceramics for WLEDs with high CRI: Ce3+ concentration and sample thickness effects,” Ceram. Int. 42(6), 6935–6941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

V. Bachmann, C. Ronda, and A. Meijerink, “Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG: Ce,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2077–2084 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

Z. Xia and A. Meijerink, “Ce3+-Doped garnet phosphors: composition modification, luminescence properties and applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 46(1), 275–299 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dyes Pigm. (1)

Y. H. Song, E. K. Ji, B. W. Jeong, M. K. Jung, E. Y. Kim, C. W. Lee, and D. H. Yoon, “Design of laser-driven high-efficiency Al2O3/YAG: Ce3+ ceramic converter for automotive lighting: Fabrication, luminous emittance, and tunable color space,” Dyes Pigm. 139, 688–692 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

S. W. Yoon, H. K. Park, J. H. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “Full extraction of 2D photonic crystal assisted Y3Al5O12: Ce ceramic plate phosphor for highly efficient white LEDs,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(1), 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (2)

S. Li, Q. Zhu, D. Tang, X. Liu, G. Ouyang, L. Cao, N. Hirosaki, T. Nishimura, Z. Huang, and R.-J. Xie, “Al2O3-YAG: Ce composite phosphor ceramic: a thermally robust and efficient color converter for solid state laser lighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(37), 8648–8654 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, S. Si, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Cho, Z. Tian, R. Xie, H. Zhang, Y. Li, and J. Wang, “High-power laser-driven phosphor-in-glass for excellently high conversion efficiency white light generation for special illumination or display backlighting,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(30), 8212–8218 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. (2)

P. Wang, D. Wang, J. Song, Z.-y. Mao, and Q. Lu, “Incorporation of Si-O induced valence state variation of cerium ion and phase evolution in YAG: Ce phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23(9), 1764–1769 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Wu, T. Lu, N. Wei, Z. Lu, X. Chen, Y. Guan, Y. Zhao, J. Qi, Q. Shi, X. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Photoluminescence enhancement of YAG: Ce nanophosphors with SiO2 additions,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451–2456 (2015).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light‐emitting diodes for future solid‐state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

J.-J. Shyu and C.-W. Yang, “Improvement of photoluminescence intensity of Ce-doped Y3Al5O12 phosphor by Si3N4 addition,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 193, 339–347 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Express (1)

S. Arjoca, E. G. Víllora, D. Inomata, K. Aoki, Y. Sugahara, and K. Shimamura, “Temperature dependence of Ce: YAG single-crystal phosphors for high-brightness white LEDs/LDs,” Mater. Res. Express 2(5), 055503 (2015).
[Crossref]

MRS Commun. (1)

L. Y. Kuritzky and J. S. Speck, “Lighting for the 21st century with laser diodes based on non-basal plane orientations of GaN,” MRS Commun. 5(03), 463–473 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

P. Pust, P. J. Schmidt, and W. Schnick, “A revolution in lighting,” Nat. Mater. 14(5), 454–458 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (2)

C. Sommer, P. Hartmann, P. Pachler, M. Schweighart, S. Tasch, G. Leising, and F. P. Wenzl, “A detailed study on the requirements for angular homogeneity of phosphor converted high power white LED light sources,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 837–848 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Kamada, M. Nikl, S. Kurosawa, A. Beitlerova, A. Nagura, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Alkali earth co-doping effects on luminescence and scintillation properties of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 41, 63–66 (2015).
[Crossref]

Optoelectron. Lett. (1)

P. Wang, J. Song, H. Tian, Q. Lu, and D. Wang, “Thermal stability of luminous YAG: Ce bulk ceramic as a remote phosphor prepared through silica-stabilizing valence of activator in air,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(3), 201–204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

S. Nakamura, “The roles of structural imperfections in InGaN-based blue light-emitting diodes and laser diodes,” Science 281(5379), 956–961 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram and (b) photograph of the test platform for the collection of PL spectra of the composite ceramics.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic diagram and (b) photograph of the test platform to investigate the performance of the ceramics excited by the LD chips.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 XRD patterns of (a) Ceramics 1-4 sintered at 1710 °C, (b) Ceramics 1-4 sintered at 1720 °C, (c) Ceramics 5-8 sintered at 1720 °C and (d) Ceramics 9-12 sintered at 1720 °C.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 SEM images of the thermally etched surfaces of (a) Ceramics 1-1710, (b) Ceramics 2-1710, (c) Ceramics 3-1710 and (d)Ceramics 4-1710.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 SEM image (a) and EDS mappings for the element distribution of (b) Al, (c) O and (d)Y in Ceramic 4-1710.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 SEM images of the thermally etched surfaces of (a) Ceramics 1-1720, (b) Ceramics 2-1720, (c) Ceramics 3-1720 and (d) Ceramics 4-1720.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 SEM images of the thermally etched surfaces of (a) Ceramics 5-1720, (b) Ceramics 6-1720, (c) Ceramics 7-1720 and (d) Ceramics 8-1720.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 SEM images of the thermally etched surfaces of (a) Ceramics 9-1720, (b) Ceramics 10-1720, (c) Ceramics 11-1720 and (d) Ceramics 12-1720.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 In-line transmittance of Ceramics 5-8 sintered at 1720°C.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Luminescence powers of the ceramics with different molar ratio of Al2O3 to YAG:Ce encapsulated as reflection modules under pulse laser excitation with the duty cycle of 10%.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Luminescence powers of the ceramics encapsulated as reflection modules under different excitation power of the blue laser.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Confocal laser scanning microscopy images of the damaged surface of (a) Ceramics 5, (b) Ceramics 6, (c) Ceramics 7 and (d) Ceramics 8.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Ceramics number and the preparation process.

Tables Icon

Table 2 The luminescence efficiency and quantum efficiency of the ceramics excited by the 445nm blue laser.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Density and thermal property of the ceramics with different molar ratio of Al2O3 to YAG:Ce.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ=α·ρ·c
c=ω1·c1+ω2·c2

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