Abstract

A diode-pumped mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser via positive cascaded second-order Kerr lens using periodically poled MgO:LN at 1064 nm was reported. Mode-locking performances including output power, bandwidth, pulse duration, and time-bandwidth product were studied under different phase-mismatched conditions. The induced nonlinear phase combined with soft aperture effect yield a stable mode-locked operation in a wide phase-mismatched range (−8π < ∆kL < −π). Additionally, the mode-locking bandwidth was broadened by self-phase modulation and the time-bandwidth product was increased to be more than twice the ideal product for a sech2 pulse shape. Under 11 W diode pump power, the measured average power, pulse repetition rate and pulse duration are 1.3 W, 186 MHz and 2.8 ps, respectively.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2016 (1)

2014 (1)

N. Meiser, K. Seger, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, “Cascaded mode-locking of a spectrally controlled Yb: KYW laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 493–499 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2011 (2)

C. Schäfer, C. Fries, C. Theobald, and J. A. L’huillier, “Parametric Kerr lens mode-locked, 888 nm pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2674–2676 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Schäfer, C. Theobald, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’huillier, “Effects of spatial hole burning in 888 nm pumped, passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 523–528 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

F. Wise, L. Qian, and X. Liu, “Applications of cascaded quadratic nonlinearities to femtosecond pulse generation,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11(03), 317–338 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

L. Luo, L. Chen, Z. R. Qiu, X. Y. Yu, D. C. Dai, J. Y. Zhou, and J. Kuhl, “Measurement of femtosecond resonant nonlinear refraction in Nd:YVO4 by degenerate pump-probe spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(12), 8342–8344 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurements of nonlinear refraction in nonlinear optical crystals,” Opt. Mater. 15(4), 237–242 (2001).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

1988 (1)

K. A. Stankov, “A mirror with an intensity-dependent reflection coefficient,” Appl. Phys. B 45(3), 191–195 (1988).
[Crossref]

Buchvarov, I.

Canalias, C.

N. Meiser, K. Seger, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, “Cascaded mode-locking of a spectrally controlled Yb: KYW laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 493–499 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

Chang, Y. T.

Chen, L.

L. Luo, L. Chen, Z. R. Qiu, X. Y. Yu, D. C. Dai, J. Y. Zhou, and J. Kuhl, “Measurement of femtosecond resonant nonlinear refraction in Nd:YVO4 by degenerate pump-probe spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(12), 8342–8344 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. F.

Chuchumishev, D.

Dai, D. C.

L. Luo, L. Chen, Z. R. Qiu, X. Y. Yu, D. C. Dai, J. Y. Zhou, and J. Kuhl, “Measurement of femtosecond resonant nonlinear refraction in Nd:YVO4 by degenerate pump-probe spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(12), 8342–8344 (2001).
[Crossref]

Date, A.

Datta, P. K.

De Silvestri, S.

DeSalvo, R.

Fries, C.

Hagan, D. J.

Holmgren, S.

Huang, Y. P.

Hussain, K.

Iliev, H.

Ji, W.

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurements of nonlinear refraction in nonlinear optical crystals,” Opt. Mater. 15(4), 237–242 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kam, C. H.

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurements of nonlinear refraction in nonlinear optical crystals,” Opt. Mater. 15(4), 237–242 (2001).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuhl, J.

L. Luo, L. Chen, Z. R. Qiu, X. Y. Yu, D. C. Dai, J. Y. Zhou, and J. Kuhl, “Measurement of femtosecond resonant nonlinear refraction in Nd:YVO4 by degenerate pump-probe spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(12), 8342–8344 (2001).
[Crossref]

L’huillier, J. A.

Lam, Y. L.

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurements of nonlinear refraction in nonlinear optical crystals,” Opt. Mater. 15(4), 237–242 (2001).
[Crossref]

Laurell, F.

N. Meiser, K. Seger, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, “Cascaded mode-locking of a spectrally controlled Yb: KYW laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 493–499 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Holmgren, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Generation of 2.8 ps pulses by mode-locking a Nd:GdVO4 laser with defocusing cascaded Kerr lensing in periodically poled KTP,” Opt. Express 13(14), 5270–5278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H. P.

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurements of nonlinear refraction in nonlinear optical crystals,” Opt. Mater. 15(4), 237–242 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

F. Wise, L. Qian, and X. Liu, “Applications of cascaded quadratic nonlinearities to femtosecond pulse generation,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11(03), 317–338 (2002).
[Crossref]

Luo, L.

L. Luo, L. Chen, Z. R. Qiu, X. Y. Yu, D. C. Dai, J. Y. Zhou, and J. Kuhl, “Measurement of femtosecond resonant nonlinear refraction in Nd:YVO4 by degenerate pump-probe spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(12), 8342–8344 (2001).
[Crossref]

Magni, V.

Meiser, N.

N. Meiser, K. Seger, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, “Cascaded mode-locking of a spectrally controlled Yb: KYW laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 493–499 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mondal, S.

Mukhopadhyay, S.

Pasiskevicius, V.

N. Meiser, K. Seger, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, “Cascaded mode-locking of a spectrally controlled Yb: KYW laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 493–499 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Holmgren, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Generation of 2.8 ps pulses by mode-locking a Nd:GdVO4 laser with defocusing cascaded Kerr lensing in periodically poled KTP,” Opt. Express 13(14), 5270–5278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petrov, V.

Qian, L.

F. Wise, L. Qian, and X. Liu, “Applications of cascaded quadratic nonlinearities to femtosecond pulse generation,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11(03), 317–338 (2002).
[Crossref]

Qian, L. J.

Qiu, Z. R.

L. Luo, L. Chen, Z. R. Qiu, X. Y. Yu, D. C. Dai, J. Y. Zhou, and J. Kuhl, “Measurement of femtosecond resonant nonlinear refraction in Nd:YVO4 by degenerate pump-probe spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(12), 8342–8344 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schäfer, C.

Seger, K.

N. Meiser, K. Seger, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, “Cascaded mode-locking of a spectrally controlled Yb: KYW laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 493–499 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Singh, S. P.

Stankov, K. A.

K. A. Stankov, “A mirror with an intensity-dependent reflection coefficient,” Appl. Phys. B 45(3), 191–195 (1988).
[Crossref]

Stegeman, G.

Su, K. W.

Tang, D. Y.

Theobald, C.

Ueda, K.

Van Stryland, E. W.

Vanherzeele, H.

Wallenstein, R.

C. Schäfer, C. Theobald, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’huillier, “Effects of spatial hole burning in 888 nm pumped, passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 523–528 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wise, F.

F. Wise, L. Qian, and X. Liu, “Applications of cascaded quadratic nonlinearities to femtosecond pulse generation,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11(03), 317–338 (2002).
[Crossref]

Xie, G. Q.

Yu, X. Y.

L. Luo, L. Chen, Z. R. Qiu, X. Y. Yu, D. C. Dai, J. Y. Zhou, and J. Kuhl, “Measurement of femtosecond resonant nonlinear refraction in Nd:YVO4 by degenerate pump-probe spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(12), 8342–8344 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. M.

Zhou, J. Y.

L. Luo, L. Chen, Z. R. Qiu, X. Y. Yu, D. C. Dai, J. Y. Zhou, and J. Kuhl, “Measurement of femtosecond resonant nonlinear refraction in Nd:YVO4 by degenerate pump-probe spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(12), 8342–8344 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zukauskas, A.

N. Meiser, K. Seger, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, “Cascaded mode-locking of a spectrally controlled Yb: KYW laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 493–499 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

C. Schäfer, C. Theobald, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’huillier, “Effects of spatial hole burning in 888 nm pumped, passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 523–528 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. A. Stankov, “A mirror with an intensity-dependent reflection coefficient,” Appl. Phys. B 45(3), 191–195 (1988).
[Crossref]

N. Meiser, K. Seger, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, “Cascaded mode-locking of a spectrally controlled Yb: KYW laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 493–499 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Luo, L. Chen, Z. R. Qiu, X. Y. Yu, D. C. Dai, J. Y. Zhou, and J. Kuhl, “Measurement of femtosecond resonant nonlinear refraction in Nd:YVO4 by degenerate pump-probe spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(12), 8342–8344 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

F. Wise, L. Qian, and X. Liu, “Applications of cascaded quadratic nonlinearities to femtosecond pulse generation,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11(03), 317–338 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (1)

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurements of nonlinear refraction in nonlinear optical crystals,” Opt. Mater. 15(4), 237–242 (2001).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

V. Aleksandrov, L. S. Petrov, N. Belashenkov, and I. Buchvarov, “Femtosecond Yb:YAG laser mode-locked using intracavity SHG,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2017) conference, paper SM1I.4.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear optics (Elsevier, 2003), Chap. 2.

W. Y. Yang, W. Cao, T. S. Chung, and J. Morris, Applied numerical methods using MATLAB (John Wiley & Sons, 2005), Chap. 6.

A. Weiner, Ultrafast optics (John Wiley & Sons, 2011), Chap. 2.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental configuration of a cascaded mode-locked YVO4/Nd:YVO4 laser by an intracavity second harmonic generation in a MgO:PPLN crystal. The ML cavity was formed by the flat mirror M1, M2 and the output coupler (OC).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured output power and temporal behavior as a function of incident pump power in Nd:YVO4/YVO4 (filled dots) and YVO4/Nd:YVO4 (open dots) configurations.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Typical temporal and spectral behaviour of ML pulses: (a) Oscilloscope trace in 20 ns time span, (b) Oscilloscope trace in 500 s time span, (c) Common-mode rejection ratio of the first beat note, (d) Harmonic beat notes span in 2 GHz bandwidth.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measured bandwidth of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 ML pulse (filled square), YVO4/Nd:YVO4 ML pulse (open circle), and cw laser (filled triangle). The autocorrelator traces of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 (filled square) and YVO4/Nd:YVO4 (open circle) configurations were presented in the inset.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Varying phase mismatched condition versus measured FW and normalized SHW output power in Nd:YVO4/YVO4 (square dots) and YVO4/Nd:YVO4 (circle dots) configuration.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Temperature tuned minimum GVM-allowed (simulation, dash line) and measured ML pulse durations of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 (filled square) as well as YVO4/Nd:YVO4 (open circle) scheme.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured ML and calculated SPM bandwidth at varied phase-mismatched conditions.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Calculated time-bandwidth product divided ideal product of a sech2 shape at varied phase-mismatched conditions.

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