Abstract

Both direct- and evanescent-field interactions with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are applied to achieve stable Q-switched operation of Yb:KYW planar waveguide lasers. The performance characteristics were investigated in a same cavity configuration and analyzed in detail in the following three cases, CNTs deposited onto end mirror (M-coating), output coupler (OC-coating) and top surface of the planar waveguide (WG-coating). Maximum output powers, repetition rates, and minimum pulse durations are 61 mW, 1103 kHz and 215 ns for OC-coating, 39 mW, 1052 kHz and 275 ns for WG-coating, and 26 mW, 1119 kHz and 217 ns for M-coating, respectively. From the calculation of the configuration-dependent stability range, the beam size and the electric field distribution in the Yb:KYW planar waveguide, it is confirmed that the evanescent-field interaction scheme makes stable Q-switching possible with much lower intensities at saturable absorber compared to the direct-field interaction scheme in the presented waveguide laser operation.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (2)

2017 (1)

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

2015 (3)

2014 (2)

Y. Tan, C. Cheng, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, and F. Chen, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser Q-switched by evanescent-field interaction with graphene,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9101–9106 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, R. He, J. Macdonald, A. K. Kar, and F. Chen, “Q-switched Nd:YAG channel waveguide laser through evanescent field interaction with surface coated graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101111 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. Cinta Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold, highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

O. Silvestre, A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. C. Pujol, F. Díaz, and M. Aguilo, “Lattice mismatch and crystal growth of monoclinic KY1−xYbx(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 layers by liquid phase epitaxy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(22), 225004 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J.-E. Broquin, “Hybrid Neodymium-doped passively Q-switched waveguide laser,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149(2), 181–184 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

1997 (1)

Aguilo, M.

O. Silvestre, A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. C. Pujol, F. Díaz, and M. Aguilo, “Lattice mismatch and crystal growth of monoclinic KY1−xYbx(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 layers by liquid phase epitaxy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(22), 225004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, J. E. Bae, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Tm:KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser passively Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4961–4966 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, G. S. Murugan, A. Z. Subramanian, J. S. Wilkinson, E. Cantelar, D. Jaque, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Mirrorless buried waveguide laser in monoclinic double tungstates fabricated by a novel combination of ion milling and liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26937–26945 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. Cinta Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ahn, Y. H.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Akhmadaliev, S.

Aravazhi, S.

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, “Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser Q-switched by evanescent-field interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5090–5093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Microstructured KY(WO4)2:Gd3+, Lu3+, Yb3+ channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8853–8858 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold, highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Artigas, D.

Aviles-Espinosa, R.

Aznar, A.

O. Silvestre, A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. C. Pujol, F. Díaz, and M. Aguilo, “Lattice mismatch and crystal growth of monoclinic KY1−xYbx(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 layers by liquid phase epitaxy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(22), 225004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bae, J. E.

Bae, S.

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barbarin, Y.

Bartels, A.

Bastard, L.

B. Charlet, L. Bastard, and J. E. Broquin, “1 kW peak power passively Q-switched Nd3+-doped glass integrated waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(11), 1987–1989 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J.-E. Broquin, “Hybrid Neodymium-doped passively Q-switched waveguide laser,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149(2), 181–184 (2008).
[Crossref]

Beecher, S. J.

Bernhardi, E.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold, highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bolaños, W.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, G. S. Murugan, A. Z. Subramanian, J. S. Wilkinson, E. Cantelar, D. Jaque, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Mirrorless buried waveguide laser in monoclinic double tungstates fabricated by a novel combination of ion milling and liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26937–26945 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. Cinta Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

Borca, C. N.

Broquin, J. E.

Broquin, J.-E.

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J.-E. Broquin, “Hybrid Neodymium-doped passively Q-switched waveguide laser,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149(2), 181–184 (2008).
[Crossref]

Brown, C. T. A.

Calmano, T.

Cantelar, E.

Carvajal, J. J.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, G. S. Murugan, A. Z. Subramanian, J. S. Wilkinson, E. Cantelar, D. Jaque, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Mirrorless buried waveguide laser in monoclinic double tungstates fabricated by a novel combination of ion milling and liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26937–26945 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. Cinta Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

Charlet, B.

Chen, F.

Cheng, C.

Chichkov, B. N.

Cho, W. B.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. Y.

Choudhary, A.

Cinta Pujol, M.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. Cinta Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

D’Urso, B.

Davidson, F. M.

Dhingra, S.

Díaz, F.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, J. E. Bae, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Tm:KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser passively Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4961–4966 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, G. S. Murugan, A. Z. Subramanian, J. S. Wilkinson, E. Cantelar, D. Jaque, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Mirrorless buried waveguide laser in monoclinic double tungstates fabricated by a novel combination of ion milling and liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26937–26945 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. Cinta Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. Silvestre, A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. C. Pujol, F. Díaz, and M. Aguilo, “Lattice mismatch and crystal growth of monoclinic KY1−xYbx(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 layers by liquid phase epitaxy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(22), 225004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

Eason, R. W.

Filippidis, G.

Fong, W. H.

Fortier, T. M.

Furushima, Y.

Gardillou, F.

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Gardillou, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, R.-P. Salathé, and M. Pollnau, “Lu, Gd codoped KY(WO(4))2:Yb epitaxial layers: towards integrated optics based on KY(WO4)2.,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 488–490 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geskus, D.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Microstructured KY(WO4)2:Gd3+, Lu3+, Yb3+ channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8853–8858 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold, highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grant-Jacob, J. A.

Griebner, U.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, J. E. Bae, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Tm:KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser passively Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4961–4966 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, “Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser Q-switched by evanescent-field interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5090–5093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grivas, C.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Microstructured KY(WO4)2:Gd3+, Lu3+, Yb3+ channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8853–8858 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold, highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grosa, G.

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J.-E. Broquin, “Hybrid Neodymium-doped passively Q-switched waveguide laser,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149(2), 181–184 (2008).
[Crossref]

Günther, D.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold, highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guo, H.

Guo, Z.

Gusakova, N. V.

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hametner, K.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold, highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hamilton, C.

Harkema, S.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold, highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

He, R.

Y. Tan, R. He, J. Macdonald, A. K. Kar, and F. Chen, “Q-switched Nd:YAG channel waveguide laser through evanescent field interaction with surface coated graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hoffman, E. D.

Hua, P.

Ikeda, M.

Jacobs, H.

Jaque, D.

Jun Ahn, K.

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kannan, P.

Kar, A. K.

Y. Tan, R. He, J. Macdonald, A. K. Kar, and F. Chen, “Q-switched Nd:YAG channel waveguide laser through evanescent field interaction with surface coated graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

Kifle, E.

Kim, J. W.

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, “Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser Q-switched by evanescent-field interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5090–5093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kitajima, N.

Krainak, M. A.

Kränkel, C.

Kuleshov, N. V.

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kuramoto, M.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lee, S.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lifante, G.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, G. S. Murugan, A. Z. Subramanian, J. S. Wilkinson, E. Cantelar, D. Jaque, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Mirrorless buried waveguide laser in monoclinic double tungstates fabricated by a novel combination of ion milling and liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26937–26945 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. Cinta Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lim, H.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Loiko, P.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, J. E. Bae, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Tm:KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser passively Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4961–4966 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Ma, L.

Macdonald, J.

Y. Tan, R. He, J. Macdonald, A. K. Kar, and F. Chen, “Q-switched Nd:YAG channel waveguide laser through evanescent field interaction with surface coated graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mackenzie, J. I.

Malcolm, G.

Mao, D.

Mateos, X.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, J. E. Bae, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Tm:KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser passively Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4961–4966 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, G. S. Murugan, A. Z. Subramanian, J. S. Wilkinson, E. Cantelar, D. Jaque, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Mirrorless buried waveguide laser in monoclinic double tungstates fabricated by a novel combination of ion milling and liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26937–26945 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. Cinta Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

McGarry, J. F.

McIntire, L.

Momma, C.

Murugan, G. S.

Neumann, G. A.

Nolte, S.

Nyga, P.

Parsonage, T. L.

Petrov, V.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, J. E. Bae, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Tm:KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser passively Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4961–4966 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, “Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser Q-switched by evanescent-field interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5090–5093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pollnau, M.

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, “Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser Q-switched by evanescent-field interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5090–5093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Microstructured KY(WO4)2:Gd3+, Lu3+, Yb3+ channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8853–8858 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold, highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Gardillou, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, R.-P. Salathé, and M. Pollnau, “Lu, Gd codoped KY(WO(4))2:Yb epitaxial layers: towards integrated optics based on KY(WO4)2.,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 488–490 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pujol, M. C.

O. Silvestre, A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. C. Pujol, F. Díaz, and M. Aguilo, “Lattice mismatch and crystal growth of monoclinic KY1−xYbx(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 layers by liquid phase epitaxy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(22), 225004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rivier, S.

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Romanyuk, Y. E.

Romero, C.

Rotermund, F.

S. Y. Choi, T. Calmano, F. Rotermund, and C. Kränkel, “2-GHz carbon nanotube mode-locked Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 26(5), 5140–5145 (2018).

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, J. E. Bae, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Tm:KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser passively Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4961–4966 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, “Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser Q-switched by evanescent-field interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5090–5093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Salas-Montiel, R.

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J.-E. Broquin, “Hybrid Neodymium-doped passively Q-switched waveguide laser,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149(2), 181–184 (2008).
[Crossref]

Salathé, R.-P.

Santos, S. I.

Serres, J. M.

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, D. P.

Sibbett, W.

Silvestre, O.

O. Silvestre, A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. C. Pujol, F. Díaz, and M. Aguilo, “Lattice mismatch and crystal growth of monoclinic KY1−xYbx(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 layers by liquid phase epitaxy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(22), 225004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Skillman, D. R.

Skorczakowski, M.

Smith, D. E.

Solé, R.

O. Silvestre, A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. C. Pujol, F. Díaz, and M. Aguilo, “Lattice mismatch and crystal growth of monoclinic KY1−xYbx(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 layers by liquid phase epitaxy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(22), 225004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Steinmeyer, G.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Subramanian, A. Z.

Südmeyer, T.

Sun, X.

Swiderski, J.

Tan, Y.

Y. Tan, Z. Guo, L. Ma, H. Zhang, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, and F. Chen, “Q-switched waveguide laser based on two-dimensional semiconducting materials: tungsten disulfide and black phosphorous,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2858–2866 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Ma, Y. Tan, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, and F. Chen, “Electrically Tunable Nd:YAG waveguide laser based on Graphene,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36785 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, C. Cheng, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, and F. Chen, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser Q-switched by evanescent-field interaction with graphene,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9101–9106 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, R. He, J. Macdonald, A. K. Kar, and F. Chen, “Q-switched Nd:YAG channel waveguide laser through evanescent field interaction with surface coated graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Weingarten, K. J.

Wellegehausen, B.

Welling, H.

Wilkinson, J. S.

Wörhoff, K.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Microstructured KY(WO4)2:Gd3+, Lu3+, Yb3+ channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8853–8858 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold, highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yasukevich, A. S.

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yeom, D.-I.

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, “Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser Q-switched by evanescent-field interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5090–5093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yim, J. H.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yokoyama, H.

Young Choi, S.

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yumashev, K. V.

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zajac, A.

Zellar, R. S.

Zhang, H.

Zhou, S.

Zuber, M. T.

AIP Adv. (1)

J. W. Kim, S. Young Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K. Jun Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017110 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Tan, R. He, J. Macdonald, A. K. Kar, and F. Chen, “Q-switched Nd:YAG channel waveguide laser through evanescent field interaction with surface coated graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101111 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Cryst. Growth Des. (1)

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. Cinta Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser and CNT-SA positions for M-coating, WG-coating and OC-coating. M, dielectric plane mirror (high transmission at 980 nm and high reflection around 1030 nm); L, aspheric lens with a focal length of f = 4.51 mm; OC, output coupler with 4% transmission.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 CNT-SA Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide lasers: (a) output power, (b) repetition rate, (c) pulse duration and (d) pulse energy in the three different SA Q-switched configurations.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 CNT-SA Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide lasers: (a) spectra, (b) beam profiles and pulse trains measured in different time spans of (c) 40 μs and (d) 4 μs at maximum output powers for the three different SA Q-switched configurations.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Measured stability region and intracavity beam size (in x-axis) calculated at the end mirror (M) and output coupler (OC). (b) Calculated beam size in the xz-plane.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Structure of the CNT-SA coated Yb:KYW planar waveguide and (b) the calculated electric field distribution of the fundamental guided mode. (c) Calculated electric field amplitude along the y-axis of the Yb:KYW planar waveguide and CNT-SA (inset).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Characteristics of CNT-SA Q-switched Yb:KYW planar waveguide lasers

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