Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate a wide-uniform and hybrid multi-wavelength fiber laser source with triple Brillouin-shift wavelength spacing. The hybrid gains include the combination of erbium-ytterbium–doped fiber and distributed Raman amplifiers. For optimum performances, the Brillouin pump wavelength is set at 1532 nm with power at −20 dBm, erbium-ytterbium–doped fiber amplifier at 950 mW and Raman pump power at 900 mW. The highest channel count is obtained in this kind of laser design, where around 164 Stokes lines are produced within 10 dB spectral flatness. The corresponding bandwidth is 40 nm, where the average optical signal-to-noise ratio is maintained at 36 dB estimation. The outstanding total power stability indicates 0.74 dB fluctuation over a 45-minute duration. This merits the practicality for various applications especially in optical communication system and sensing. Furthermore, a reasonable wide tuning range of 36 nm is realized, beginning from 1532 nm, which is only restricted by the accessible hybrid gain bandwidth.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Al-Sheriyani, M. A. A. Younis, and M. A. Mahdi, “Widely tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with triple Brillouin-shift wavelength spacing,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 21–26 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Al-Sheriyani, S. Al-Nassri, and F. N. Hasoon, “Generation of efficient 33 GHz optical combs using cascaded stimulated Brillouin scattering effects in optical fiber,” Laser Phys. 27(6), 065112 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, T. Wang, Q. Jia, W. Ma, Q. Su, and P. Zhang, “Triple Brillouin frequency spacing multiwavelength fiber laser with double Brillouin cavities and its application in microwave signal generation,” Appl. Opt. 56(26), 7419–7426 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Al-Alimi, N. A. Cholan, M. H. Yaacob, A. F. Abas, M. T. Alresheedi, and M. A. Mahdi, “Wide bandwidth and flat multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(16), 19382–19390 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Xuefang, H. Kongwen, W. Yizhen, B. Meihua, and Y. Guowei, “An L-band multi-wavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Laser Phys. 27(1), 015103 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, Y. Yang, M. Liu, Y. Yuan, Y. Sun, Y. Gu, and Y. Yao, “Frequency spacing switchable multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser utilizing cascaded Brillouin gain fibers,” Appl. Opt. 55(23), 6475–6479 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhou, Y. Liu, M. Hu, Y. Wei, Y. Lu, G. Yang, M. Bi, and Q. Li, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with triple Brillouin frequency spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(21), 2379–2382 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

L. Qian, D. Fen, H. Xie, and J. Sun, “A novel tunable multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Opt. Commun. 340, 74–79 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2011 (2)

Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with double-Brillouin-frequency spacing,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1699–1706 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(4), 866–869 (2011).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2002 (1)

W.-Y. Oh, J.-S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4–6), 399–403 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

M. Bumki, K. Pilhan, and P. Namkyoo, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel Rayleigh-assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1352–1354 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

Abas, A. F.

Ahmad, A.

Ahmad, H.

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(4), 866–869 (2011).
[Crossref]

Aidit, S. N.

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Al-Alimi, A. W.

Ali, N. M.

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(4), 866–869 (2011).
[Crossref]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Al-Sheriyani, M. A. A. Younis, and M. A. Mahdi, “Widely tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with triple Brillouin-shift wavelength spacing,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 21–26 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Al-Sheriyani, S. Al-Nassri, and F. N. Hasoon, “Generation of efficient 33 GHz optical combs using cascaded stimulated Brillouin scattering effects in optical fiber,” Laser Phys. 27(6), 065112 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with double-Brillouin-frequency spacing,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1699–1706 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3000–3005 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Nassri, S.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Al-Sheriyani, S. Al-Nassri, and F. N. Hasoon, “Generation of efficient 33 GHz optical combs using cascaded stimulated Brillouin scattering effects in optical fiber,” Laser Phys. 27(6), 065112 (2017).
[Crossref]

Alresheedi, M. T.

Al-Sheriyani, A.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Al-Sheriyani, M. A. A. Younis, and M. A. Mahdi, “Widely tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with triple Brillouin-shift wavelength spacing,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 21–26 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Al-Sheriyani, S. Al-Nassri, and F. N. Hasoon, “Generation of efficient 33 GHz optical combs using cascaded stimulated Brillouin scattering effects in optical fiber,” Laser Phys. 27(6), 065112 (2017).
[Crossref]

Arof, H.

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(4), 866–869 (2011).
[Crossref]

Babin, S. A.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bahloul, D.

Bi, M.

X. Zhou, Y. Liu, M. Hu, Y. Wei, Y. Lu, G. Yang, M. Bi, and Q. Li, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with triple Brillouin frequency spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(21), 2379–2382 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bongrand, I.

Botineau, J.

Bumki, M.

M. Bumki, K. Pilhan, and P. Namkyoo, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel Rayleigh-assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1352–1354 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cheval, G.

Chieng, Y. T.

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cholan, N. A.

Cowle, G. J.

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, M.

Fen, D.

L. Qian, D. Fen, H. Xie, and J. Sun, “A novel tunable multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Opt. Commun. 340, 74–79 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gong, Y.

Gu, Y.

Guowei, Y.

Z. Xuefang, H. Kongwen, W. Yizhen, B. Meihua, and Y. Guowei, “An L-band multi-wavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Laser Phys. 27(1), 015103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Harun, S. W.

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(4), 866–869 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hasoon, F. N.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Al-Sheriyani, S. Al-Nassri, and F. N. Hasoon, “Generation of efficient 33 GHz optical combs using cascaded stimulated Brillouin scattering effects in optical fiber,” Laser Phys. 27(6), 065112 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hassan, N. A.

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hitam, S.

Hu, M.

X. Zhou, Y. Liu, M. Hu, Y. Wei, Y. Lu, G. Yang, M. Bi, and Q. Li, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with triple Brillouin frequency spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(21), 2379–2382 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ismail, A.

Ismail, M. F. B.

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jia, Q.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ko, J.-S.

W.-Y. Oh, J.-S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4–6), 399–403 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kongwen, H.

Z. Xuefang, H. Kongwen, W. Yizhen, B. Meihua, and Y. Guowei, “An L-band multi-wavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Laser Phys. 27(1), 015103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

X. Zhou, Y. Liu, M. Hu, Y. Wei, Y. Lu, G. Yang, M. Bi, and Q. Li, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with triple Brillouin frequency spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(21), 2379–2382 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Lim, D. S.

W.-Y. Oh, J.-S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4–6), 399–403 (2002).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

Liu, Y.

X. Zhou, Y. Liu, M. Hu, Y. Wei, Y. Lu, G. Yang, M. Bi, and Q. Li, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with triple Brillouin frequency spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(21), 2379–2382 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

X. Zhou, Y. Liu, M. Hu, Y. Wei, Y. Lu, G. Yang, M. Bi, and Q. Li, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with triple Brillouin frequency spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(21), 2379–2382 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ma, W.

Mahdi, M. A.

Mamdoohi, G.

Mamhoud, A.

Md Ali, M. I.

Meihua, B.

Z. Xuefang, H. Kongwen, W. Yizhen, B. Meihua, and Y. Guowei, “An L-band multi-wavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Laser Phys. 27(1), 015103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mokhtar, M.

Montes, C.

Namkyoo, P.

M. Bumki, K. Pilhan, and P. Namkyoo, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel Rayleigh-assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1352–1354 (2001).
[Crossref]

Oh, W.-Y.

W.-Y. Oh, J.-S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4–6), 399–403 (2002).
[Crossref]

Parvizi, R.

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(4), 866–869 (2011).
[Crossref]

Picholle, E.

Picozzi, A.

Pilhan, K.

M. Bumki, K. Pilhan, and P. Namkyoo, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel Rayleigh-assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1352–1354 (2001).
[Crossref]

Podivilov, E. V.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qian, L.

L. Qian, D. Fen, H. Xie, and J. Sun, “A novel tunable multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Opt. Commun. 340, 74–79 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y.

Sarmani, A. R.

Seo, W.

W.-Y. Oh, J.-S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4–6), 399–403 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shee, Y. G.

Stepanov, D. Y.

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, Q.

Sun, J.

L. Qian, D. Fen, H. Xie, and J. Sun, “A novel tunable multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Opt. Commun. 340, 74–79 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

Tiu, Z. C.

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

Wang, Z.

Wei, Y.

X. Zhou, Y. Liu, M. Hu, Y. Wei, Y. Lu, G. Yang, M. Bi, and Q. Li, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with triple Brillouin frequency spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(21), 2379–2382 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

Xie, H.

L. Qian, D. Fen, H. Xie, and J. Sun, “A novel tunable multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Opt. Commun. 340, 74–79 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xuefang, Z.

Z. Xuefang, H. Kongwen, W. Yizhen, B. Meihua, and Y. Guowei, “An L-band multi-wavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Laser Phys. 27(1), 015103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yaacob, M. H.

Yang, G.

X. Zhou, Y. Liu, M. Hu, Y. Wei, Y. Lu, G. Yang, M. Bi, and Q. Li, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with triple Brillouin frequency spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(21), 2379–2382 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Yao, Y.

Yizhen, W.

Z. Xuefang, H. Kongwen, W. Yizhen, B. Meihua, and Y. Guowei, “An L-band multi-wavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with switchable frequency spacing,” Laser Phys. 27(1), 015103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Younis, M. A. A.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Al-Sheriyani, M. A. A. Younis, and M. A. Mahdi, “Widely tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with triple Brillouin-shift wavelength spacing,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 21–26 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

Zamzuri, A. K.

Zhang, P.

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, Y. Liu, M. Hu, Y. Wei, Y. Lu, G. Yang, M. Bi, and Q. Li, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser with triple Brillouin frequency spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(21), 2379–2382 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zlobina, E. A.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the hybrid multi-wavelength structure with EYDFA and DRA.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Distributed amplification spectra measured at OSA port with and without DRA (EYDFA output power = 950 mW and BP power is switched off).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Wavelength interval of 0.25 nm at various EYDFA output power (BP wavelength = 1550 nm, BP power = −10 dBm and RP power is set at off state).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Stokes lines count with and without DRA as a function of BP power and (b) the corresponding spectra at specific BP power (EYDFA output power = 950 mW, RP power = 1000 mW and BP wavelength = 1550 nm).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Lasing properties against RP power (EYDFA output power = 950 mW, BP power = −20 dBm and BP wavelength = 1550 nm).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Optical envelopes at selected BP wavelengths of (a) 1540 nm, (b) 1555 nm and (c) 1565 nm (BP power = −20 dBm, RP power = 900 mW and EYDFA output power = 950 mW).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Stokes lines count and their corresponding average OSNR as a function of BP wavelength that relate to Fig. 6 (BP power = −20 dBm, RP power = 900 mW and EYDFA output power = 950 mW).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Triple wavelength spacing signal at optimum conditions and (b) its corresponding enlarged view (BP wavelength = 1532 nm, BP power = −20 dBm, RP power = 900 mW, EYDFA output power = 950 mW).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Stability assessments that relate to Fig. 8 as represented by spectrogram of selected Stokes lines in (a) 3D and, (b) 2D views, (c) wavelength variation against time and (d) their associated temporal power changes.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Progresses in the triple Brillouin frequency spacing in multi-wavelength fiber lasers.

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