Abstract

To meet the 5G mobile traffic demands, many small cells will be installed in the field. A promising candidate for reducing a large number of optical fibers connecting the central and distribution units is a tunable wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network. However, for systems in which multiple wavelengths are transmitted densely such as 100 GHz channel spacing, wavelength setting error and wavelength drift are major issues. In this paper, we describe a wavelength control method that uses an auxiliary management and control channel that complies with ITU-T G.989.3. Our method makes it possible to control the setting error of upstream signals at the initial connection between the optical line terminal and an optical network unit and also to control the wavelength drift due to the aging degradation of the laser diode. We also clarify the control conditions needed to minimize the control time.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  5. S. Pachnicke, J. Zhu, M. Lawin, M. Eiselt, S. Mayne, B. Quemeneur, D. Sayles, H. Schwuchow, A. Wonfor, P. Marx, M. Fellhofer, P. Neuber, M. Dietrich, M. Wale, R. Penty, I. White, and J. Elbers, “Tunable WDM-PON System With Centralized Wavelength Control,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 812–818 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Roppelt, F. Pohl, K. Grobe, M. Eiselt, and J. Elbers, “Tuning Method for Uncooled Low-Cost Tunable Lasers in WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 2011 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), paper NTuB1.
  7. S. Mun, J. Moon, S. Oh, and C. Lee, “A Self Wavelength Tracking Method for a Cost Effective WDM-PON with Tunable Lasers,” in Proceedings of 2010 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2010), paper OWG7.
  8. G. Simon, F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, B. L. Guyader, L. Guillo, J. Konopacki, F. Bourgart, and D. Erasme, “Focus on Time-Dependent Wavelength Drift of DMLs Under Burst-Mode Operation for NG-PON2,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(13), 3148–3154 (2016).
    [Crossref]
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  11. Z. Tayq, L. A. Neto, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “Experimental Real Time AMCC Implementation for Fronthaul in PtP WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.4.
  12. J. Dong and J. Yang, “Cascaded Phase Modulation for AMCC Superimposition Toward MFH Employing CPRI,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–6 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  13. K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, S. Oda, M. Takizawa, Y. Hirose, and T. Hoshida, “Remote Management and Control of WDM-PON System for Fronthaul in Cloud-Radio Access Networks,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.5.
  14. K. Honda, H. Nakamura, K. Hara, K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, Y. Hirose, T. Hoshida, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Wavelength Adjustment of Upstream Signal using AMCC with Power Monitoring for WDM-PON in 5G Mobile Era,” in Proceedings of 2018 Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2018), paper Tu3L.4.
  15. G. Nakagawa, K. Sone, S. Oda, S. Yoshida, Y. Hirose, M. Takizawa, and T. Hoshida, “Development of Evaluation Platform of AMCC Superimposition on CPRI Signal Transmission for Mobile Fronthaul Network,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.6.
  16. K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Low-frequency Pilot Tone Management for WDM- PON toward Future Mobile Fronthaul employing 64B/66B Line Coding,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.3.
  17. K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Experimental Analysis of LTE Signals in WDM-PON Managed by Embedded Pilot Tone,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(5), 431–434 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Fukuda, Optical Semiconductor Devices, 1st ed., (Wiley-Interscience, 1998). Chap. 7.

2017 (2)

J. Dong and J. Yang, “Cascaded Phase Modulation for AMCC Superimposition Toward MFH Employing CPRI,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Experimental Analysis of LTE Signals in WDM-PON Managed by Embedded Pilot Tone,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(5), 431–434 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

Aupetit-Berthelemot, C.

Z. Tayq, L. A. Neto, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “Experimental Real Time AMCC Implementation for Fronthaul in PtP WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.4.

Bourgart, F.

Chanclou, P.

G. Simon, F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, B. L. Guyader, L. Guillo, J. Konopacki, F. Bourgart, and D. Erasme, “Focus on Time-Dependent Wavelength Drift of DMLs Under Burst-Mode Operation for NG-PON2,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(13), 3148–3154 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Tayq, L. A. Neto, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “Experimental Real Time AMCC Implementation for Fronthaul in PtP WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.4.

Dietrich, M.

Dong, J.

J. Dong and J. Yang, “Cascaded Phase Modulation for AMCC Superimposition Toward MFH Employing CPRI,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

Eiselt, M.

S. Pachnicke, J. Zhu, M. Lawin, M. Eiselt, S. Mayne, B. Quemeneur, D. Sayles, H. Schwuchow, A. Wonfor, P. Marx, M. Fellhofer, P. Neuber, M. Dietrich, M. Wale, R. Penty, I. White, and J. Elbers, “Tunable WDM-PON System With Centralized Wavelength Control,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 812–818 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Roppelt, F. Pohl, K. Grobe, M. Eiselt, and J. Elbers, “Tuning Method for Uncooled Low-Cost Tunable Lasers in WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 2011 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), paper NTuB1.

Elbers, J.

S. Pachnicke, J. Zhu, M. Lawin, M. Eiselt, S. Mayne, B. Quemeneur, D. Sayles, H. Schwuchow, A. Wonfor, P. Marx, M. Fellhofer, P. Neuber, M. Dietrich, M. Wale, R. Penty, I. White, and J. Elbers, “Tunable WDM-PON System With Centralized Wavelength Control,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 812–818 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Roppelt, F. Pohl, K. Grobe, M. Eiselt, and J. Elbers, “Tuning Method for Uncooled Low-Cost Tunable Lasers in WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 2011 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), paper NTuB1.

Elbers, J. P.

K. Grobe and J. P. Elbers, “Analysis of WDM-PON for Next-Generation Back- and Fronthaul,” in Proceedings of Broadband Coverage in Germany; 10. ITG-Symposium (VDE, 2016), pp. 1–5.

Erasme, D.

Fellhofer, M.

Fukuda, M.

M. Fukuda, Optical Semiconductor Devices, 1st ed., (Wiley-Interscience, 1998). Chap. 7.

Ge, X.

X. Ge, S. Tu, G. Mao, C. X. Wang, and T. Han, “5G Ultra-Dense Cellular Networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. 23(1), 72–79 (2016).
[Crossref]

Grobe, K.

K. Grobe and J. P. Elbers, “Analysis of WDM-PON for Next-Generation Back- and Fronthaul,” in Proceedings of Broadband Coverage in Germany; 10. ITG-Symposium (VDE, 2016), pp. 1–5.

M. Roppelt, F. Pohl, K. Grobe, M. Eiselt, and J. Elbers, “Tuning Method for Uncooled Low-Cost Tunable Lasers in WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 2011 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), paper NTuB1.

Guillo, L.

Guyader, B. L.

Han, T.

X. Ge, S. Tu, G. Mao, C. X. Wang, and T. Han, “5G Ultra-Dense Cellular Networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. 23(1), 72–79 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hara, K.

K. Honda, H. Nakamura, K. Hara, K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, Y. Hirose, T. Hoshida, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Wavelength Adjustment of Upstream Signal using AMCC with Power Monitoring for WDM-PON in 5G Mobile Era,” in Proceedings of 2018 Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2018), paper Tu3L.4.

Hirose, Y.

K. Honda, H. Nakamura, K. Hara, K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, Y. Hirose, T. Hoshida, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Wavelength Adjustment of Upstream Signal using AMCC with Power Monitoring for WDM-PON in 5G Mobile Era,” in Proceedings of 2018 Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2018), paper Tu3L.4.

G. Nakagawa, K. Sone, S. Oda, S. Yoshida, Y. Hirose, M. Takizawa, and T. Hoshida, “Development of Evaluation Platform of AMCC Superimposition on CPRI Signal Transmission for Mobile Fronthaul Network,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.6.

K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, S. Oda, M. Takizawa, Y. Hirose, and T. Hoshida, “Remote Management and Control of WDM-PON System for Fronthaul in Cloud-Radio Access Networks,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.5.

Honda, K.

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Experimental Analysis of LTE Signals in WDM-PON Managed by Embedded Pilot Tone,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(5), 431–434 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Low-frequency Pilot Tone Management for WDM- PON toward Future Mobile Fronthaul employing 64B/66B Line Coding,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.3.

K. Honda, H. Nakamura, K. Hara, K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, Y. Hirose, T. Hoshida, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Wavelength Adjustment of Upstream Signal using AMCC with Power Monitoring for WDM-PON in 5G Mobile Era,” in Proceedings of 2018 Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2018), paper Tu3L.4.

Hoshida, T.

K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, S. Oda, M. Takizawa, Y. Hirose, and T. Hoshida, “Remote Management and Control of WDM-PON System for Fronthaul in Cloud-Radio Access Networks,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.5.

K. Honda, H. Nakamura, K. Hara, K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, Y. Hirose, T. Hoshida, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Wavelength Adjustment of Upstream Signal using AMCC with Power Monitoring for WDM-PON in 5G Mobile Era,” in Proceedings of 2018 Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2018), paper Tu3L.4.

G. Nakagawa, K. Sone, S. Oda, S. Yoshida, Y. Hirose, M. Takizawa, and T. Hoshida, “Development of Evaluation Platform of AMCC Superimposition on CPRI Signal Transmission for Mobile Fronthaul Network,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.6.

Katsumata, T.

S. Yoshima, T. Katsumata, H. Miura, Y. Noguchi, A. Nagasawa, N. Suzuki, and M. Noda, “Experimental Investigation of an Opticallysuperimposed AMCC in 100 Gb/s Coherent WDM-PON for 5G Mobile Fronthaul,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.1.

Kobayashi, T.

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Experimental Analysis of LTE Signals in WDM-PON Managed by Embedded Pilot Tone,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(5), 431–434 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Low-frequency Pilot Tone Management for WDM- PON toward Future Mobile Fronthaul employing 64B/66B Line Coding,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.3.

Konopacki, J.

Lawin, M.

Lee, C.

S. Mun, J. Moon, S. Oh, and C. Lee, “A Self Wavelength Tracking Method for a Cost Effective WDM-PON with Tunable Lasers,” in Proceedings of 2010 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2010), paper OWG7.

Mao, G.

X. Ge, S. Tu, G. Mao, C. X. Wang, and T. Han, “5G Ultra-Dense Cellular Networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. 23(1), 72–79 (2016).
[Crossref]

Marx, P.

Mayne, S.

Miura, H.

S. Yoshima, T. Katsumata, H. Miura, Y. Noguchi, A. Nagasawa, N. Suzuki, and M. Noda, “Experimental Investigation of an Opticallysuperimposed AMCC in 100 Gb/s Coherent WDM-PON for 5G Mobile Fronthaul,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.1.

Moon, J.

S. Mun, J. Moon, S. Oh, and C. Lee, “A Self Wavelength Tracking Method for a Cost Effective WDM-PON with Tunable Lasers,” in Proceedings of 2010 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2010), paper OWG7.

Mun, S.

S. Mun, J. Moon, S. Oh, and C. Lee, “A Self Wavelength Tracking Method for a Cost Effective WDM-PON with Tunable Lasers,” in Proceedings of 2010 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2010), paper OWG7.

Nagasawa, A.

S. Yoshima, T. Katsumata, H. Miura, Y. Noguchi, A. Nagasawa, N. Suzuki, and M. Noda, “Experimental Investigation of an Opticallysuperimposed AMCC in 100 Gb/s Coherent WDM-PON for 5G Mobile Fronthaul,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.1.

Nakagawa, G.

K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, S. Oda, M. Takizawa, Y. Hirose, and T. Hoshida, “Remote Management and Control of WDM-PON System for Fronthaul in Cloud-Radio Access Networks,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.5.

G. Nakagawa, K. Sone, S. Oda, S. Yoshida, Y. Hirose, M. Takizawa, and T. Hoshida, “Development of Evaluation Platform of AMCC Superimposition on CPRI Signal Transmission for Mobile Fronthaul Network,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.6.

K. Honda, H. Nakamura, K. Hara, K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, Y. Hirose, T. Hoshida, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Wavelength Adjustment of Upstream Signal using AMCC with Power Monitoring for WDM-PON in 5G Mobile Era,” in Proceedings of 2018 Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2018), paper Tu3L.4.

Nakamura, H.

K. Honda, H. Nakamura, K. Hara, K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, Y. Hirose, T. Hoshida, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Wavelength Adjustment of Upstream Signal using AMCC with Power Monitoring for WDM-PON in 5G Mobile Era,” in Proceedings of 2018 Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2018), paper Tu3L.4.

Neto, L. A.

Z. Tayq, L. A. Neto, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “Experimental Real Time AMCC Implementation for Fronthaul in PtP WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.4.

Neuber, P.

Nishihara, S.

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Experimental Analysis of LTE Signals in WDM-PON Managed by Embedded Pilot Tone,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(5), 431–434 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Low-frequency Pilot Tone Management for WDM- PON toward Future Mobile Fronthaul employing 64B/66B Line Coding,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.3.

Noda, M.

S. Yoshima, T. Katsumata, H. Miura, Y. Noguchi, A. Nagasawa, N. Suzuki, and M. Noda, “Experimental Investigation of an Opticallysuperimposed AMCC in 100 Gb/s Coherent WDM-PON for 5G Mobile Fronthaul,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.1.

Noguchi, Y.

S. Yoshima, T. Katsumata, H. Miura, Y. Noguchi, A. Nagasawa, N. Suzuki, and M. Noda, “Experimental Investigation of an Opticallysuperimposed AMCC in 100 Gb/s Coherent WDM-PON for 5G Mobile Fronthaul,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.1.

Oda, S.

K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, S. Oda, M. Takizawa, Y. Hirose, and T. Hoshida, “Remote Management and Control of WDM-PON System for Fronthaul in Cloud-Radio Access Networks,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.5.

G. Nakagawa, K. Sone, S. Oda, S. Yoshida, Y. Hirose, M. Takizawa, and T. Hoshida, “Development of Evaluation Platform of AMCC Superimposition on CPRI Signal Transmission for Mobile Fronthaul Network,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.6.

Oh, S.

S. Mun, J. Moon, S. Oh, and C. Lee, “A Self Wavelength Tracking Method for a Cost Effective WDM-PON with Tunable Lasers,” in Proceedings of 2010 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2010), paper OWG7.

Otaka, A.

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Experimental Analysis of LTE Signals in WDM-PON Managed by Embedded Pilot Tone,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(5), 431–434 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Low-frequency Pilot Tone Management for WDM- PON toward Future Mobile Fronthaul employing 64B/66B Line Coding,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.3.

K. Honda, H. Nakamura, K. Hara, K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, Y. Hirose, T. Hoshida, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Wavelength Adjustment of Upstream Signal using AMCC with Power Monitoring for WDM-PON in 5G Mobile Era,” in Proceedings of 2018 Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2018), paper Tu3L.4.

Pachnicke, S.

Penty, R.

Pohl, F.

M. Roppelt, F. Pohl, K. Grobe, M. Eiselt, and J. Elbers, “Tuning Method for Uncooled Low-Cost Tunable Lasers in WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 2011 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), paper NTuB1.

Quemeneur, B.

Roppelt, M.

M. Roppelt, F. Pohl, K. Grobe, M. Eiselt, and J. Elbers, “Tuning Method for Uncooled Low-Cost Tunable Lasers in WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 2011 Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), paper NTuB1.

Saliou, F.

Sayles, D.

Schwuchow, H.

Shimada, T.

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Experimental Analysis of LTE Signals in WDM-PON Managed by Embedded Pilot Tone,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(5), 431–434 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Low-frequency Pilot Tone Management for WDM- PON toward Future Mobile Fronthaul employing 64B/66B Line Coding,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.3.

Simon, G.

Sone, K.

K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, S. Oda, M. Takizawa, Y. Hirose, and T. Hoshida, “Remote Management and Control of WDM-PON System for Fronthaul in Cloud-Radio Access Networks,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.5.

K. Honda, H. Nakamura, K. Hara, K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, Y. Hirose, T. Hoshida, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Wavelength Adjustment of Upstream Signal using AMCC with Power Monitoring for WDM-PON in 5G Mobile Era,” in Proceedings of 2018 Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2018), paper Tu3L.4.

G. Nakagawa, K. Sone, S. Oda, S. Yoshida, Y. Hirose, M. Takizawa, and T. Hoshida, “Development of Evaluation Platform of AMCC Superimposition on CPRI Signal Transmission for Mobile Fronthaul Network,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.6.

Suzuki, N.

S. Yoshima, T. Katsumata, H. Miura, Y. Noguchi, A. Nagasawa, N. Suzuki, and M. Noda, “Experimental Investigation of an Opticallysuperimposed AMCC in 100 Gb/s Coherent WDM-PON for 5G Mobile Fronthaul,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.1.

Takizawa, M.

K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, S. Oda, M. Takizawa, Y. Hirose, and T. Hoshida, “Remote Management and Control of WDM-PON System for Fronthaul in Cloud-Radio Access Networks,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.5.

G. Nakagawa, K. Sone, S. Oda, S. Yoshida, Y. Hirose, M. Takizawa, and T. Hoshida, “Development of Evaluation Platform of AMCC Superimposition on CPRI Signal Transmission for Mobile Fronthaul Network,” in Proceedings of 43rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (IEEE, 2017), paper W.1.E.6.

Tayq, Z.

Z. Tayq, L. A. Neto, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “Experimental Real Time AMCC Implementation for Fronthaul in PtP WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.4.

Terada, J.

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Experimental Analysis of LTE Signals in WDM-PON Managed by Embedded Pilot Tone,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(5), 431–434 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Honda, T. Kobayashi, S. Nishihara, T. Shimada, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Low-frequency Pilot Tone Management for WDM- PON toward Future Mobile Fronthaul employing 64B/66B Line Coding,” in Proceedings of 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (VDE, 2016), paper Th.1.D.3.

K. Honda, H. Nakamura, K. Hara, K. Sone, G. Nakagawa, Y. Hirose, T. Hoshida, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Wavelength Adjustment of Upstream Signal using AMCC with Power Monitoring for WDM-PON in 5G Mobile Era,” in Proceedings of 2018 Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2018), paper Tu3L.4.

Tu, S.

X. Ge, S. Tu, G. Mao, C. X. Wang, and T. Han, “5G Ultra-Dense Cellular Networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. 23(1), 72–79 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wale, M.

Wang, C. X.

X. Ge, S. Tu, G. Mao, C. X. Wang, and T. Han, “5G Ultra-Dense Cellular Networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. 23(1), 72–79 (2016).
[Crossref]

White, I.

Wonfor, A.

Yang, J.

J. Dong and J. Yang, “Cascaded Phase Modulation for AMCC Superimposition Toward MFH Employing CPRI,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, S.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. WDM-PON configuration for 5G MFH.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Flow chart of our wavelength control method.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Parameters used for wavelength adjustment and three-step adjustment process in wavelength fixed mode.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Maximum adjustment frequency vs. power threshold (b) Step size against power threshold in initial wavelength setting mode.

Equations (2)

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Δ λ a d j _ m a x = max { Δ λ | D ( λ t h ± Δ λ a d j ) }
n s t e p _ m i n = M T E / Δ λ a d j _ m a x + 4.