Abstract

A novel method for mitigating photo-darkening and the effective photo-bleaching phenomenon by 532 nm cladding pump in Yb-doped fiber were herein reported. Compared with the pristine fiber, beyond 30% of photo-darkening induced excess loss was suppressed by 532 nm pretreatment. Moreover, the excess loss in the photo-darkened fiber was completely bleached with 532 nm pump. Additionally, the bleached fiber exhibited better photo-darkening resistance. Therefore, for high power application, a 20/400 gamma irradiated fiber was bleached in situ by 532 nm pump and the laser properties were explored. The output power restored to 421W accounting for 82% of the pristine fiber, with the mode instability threshold rising to over 2.6 times and the efficiency increasing from 37% to 63%. The results indicate 532 nm pump has bright prospects for the stable operation of high power fiber lasers.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2019 (2)

R. Cao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, N. Zhao, Y. Xing, Y. Liu, X. Lin, Y. Cheng, H. Li, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of photo-darkening induced thermal load in Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(11), 809–812 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Mady, A. Guttilla, M. Benabdesselam, and W. Blanc, “Systematic investigation of composition effects on the radiation-induced attenuation mechanisms of aluminosilicate, Yb-doped silicate, Yb- and Yb,Ce-doped aluminosilicate fiber preforms [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 9(6), 2466–2489 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (1)

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Ye, L. Petit, J. J. Koponen, I.-N. Hu, and A. Galvanauskas, “Short-Term and Long-Term Stability in Ytterbium-Doped High-Power Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 188–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Tregoat, A. Monteville, and T. Robin, “Photobleaching of photodarkening in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers with 633 nm irradiation,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(9), 1286–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

J. Nilsson and D. N. Payne, “High-Power Fiber Lasers,” Science 332(6032), 921–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Arai, K. Ichii, S. Tanigawa, and M. Fujimaki, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 79140K (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (4)

2007 (4)

2005 (1)

Åberg, D.

Andrejco, M.

J. Jasapara, M. Andrejco, D. DiGiovanni, and R. Windeler, “Effect of heat and H2 gas on the photo-darkening of Yb3+ fibers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuQ5.

Arai, T.

T. Arai, K. Ichii, S. Tanigawa, and M. Fujimaki, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 79140K (2011).
[Crossref]

Barmenkov, Y. O.

A. D. G. Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photobleaching of Ytterbium- doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barty, C. P. J.

Basu, C.

Beach, R. J.

Benabdesselam, M.

Blanc, W.

Boullet, J.

Boyland, A. J.

Brand, T.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cadier, B.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cao, R.

R. Cao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, N. Zhao, Y. Xing, Y. Liu, X. Lin, Y. Cheng, H. Li, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of photo-darkening induced thermal load in Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(11), 809–812 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cardinal, T.

Carlson, C. G.

Chávez, A. D. G.

A. D. G. Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photobleaching of Ytterbium- doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

R. Cao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, N. Zhao, Y. Xing, Y. Liu, X. Lin, Y. Cheng, H. Li, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of photo-darkening induced thermal load in Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(11), 809–812 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

R. Cao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, N. Zhao, Y. Xing, Y. Liu, X. Lin, Y. Cheng, H. Li, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of photo-darkening induced thermal load in Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(11), 809–812 (2019).
[Crossref]

Clarkson, W. A.

Croteau, A.

Dai, N.

Dawson, J. W.

Deschamps, T.

T. Deschamps, H. Vezin, C. Gonnet, and N. Ollier, “Evidence of AlOHC responsible for the radiation-induced darkening in Yb doped fiber,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8382–8392 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

DiGiovanni, D.

J. Jasapara, M. Andrejco, D. DiGiovanni, and R. Windeler, “Effect of heat and H2 gas on the photo-darkening of Yb3+ fibers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuQ5.

Doua, R. B.

Dragic, P. D.

Engholm, M.

M. Engholm, P. Jelger, F. Laurell, and L. Norin, “Improved photodarkening resistivity in ytterbium-doped fiber lasers by cerium codoping,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1285–1287 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Reduction of photodarkening in Yb/Al-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731E (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm, L. Norin, and D. Åberg, “Strong UV absorption and visible luminescence in ytterbium-doped aluminosilicate glass under UV excitation,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3352–3354 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Divalent Ytterbium in Ytterbium doped Aluminosilicate glass Aspects on Photodarkening in Fiber Lasers - Aspects on Photodarkening in Fiber Lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JTuA61.

Ermeneux, S.

Feng, Y.

Fujimaki, M.

T. Arai, K. Ichii, S. Tanigawa, and M. Fujimaki, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 79140K (2011).
[Crossref]

Galvanauskas, A.

C. Ye, L. Petit, J. J. Koponen, I.-N. Hu, and A. Galvanauskas, “Short-Term and Long-Term Stability in Ytterbium-Doped High-Power Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 188–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gebavi, H.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Tregoat, A. Monteville, and T. Robin, “Photobleaching of photodarkening in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers with 633 nm irradiation,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(9), 1286–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gonnet, C.

T. Deschamps, H. Vezin, C. Gonnet, and N. Ollier, “Evidence of AlOHC responsible for the radiation-induced darkening in Yb doped fiber,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8382–8392 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guillen, F.

Guttilla, A.

Heebner, J. E.

Honkanen, S.

Hu, I.-N.

C. Ye, L. Petit, J. J. Koponen, I.-N. Hu, and A. Galvanauskas, “Short-Term and Long-Term Stability in Ytterbium-Doped High-Power Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 188–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ichii, K.

T. Arai, K. Ichii, S. Tanigawa, and M. Fujimaki, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 79140K (2011).
[Crossref]

Il’ichev, N. N.

A. D. G. Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photobleaching of Ytterbium- doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jäger, M.

Jasapara, J.

J. Jasapara, M. Andrejco, D. DiGiovanni, and R. Windeler, “Effect of heat and H2 gas on the photo-darkening of Yb3+ fibers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuQ5.

Jauregui, C.

Jelger, P.

Jetschke, S.

Kir’yanov, A. V.

A. D. G. Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photobleaching of Ytterbium- doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kirchhof, J.

Koplow, J. P.

Koponen, J. J.

C. Ye, L. Petit, J. J. Koponen, I.-N. Hu, and A. Galvanauskas, “Short-Term and Long-Term Stability in Ytterbium-Doped High-Power Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 188–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lablonde, L.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Landais, D.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laurell, F.

Le Goffic, O.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Leich, M.

Li, H.

R. Cao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, N. Zhao, Y. Xing, Y. Liu, X. Lin, Y. Cheng, H. Li, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of photo-darkening induced thermal load in Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(11), 809–812 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Zhao, Y. Liu, M. Li, J. Li, J. Peng, L. Yang, N. Dai, H. Li, and J. Li, “Mitigation of photodarkening effect in Yb-doped fiber through Na+ ions doping,” Opt. Express 25(15), 18191–18196 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, H. Q.

Li, J.

Li, J. M.

Li, J. Y.

Li, M.

Liao, L.

Limpert, J.

Lin, X.

R. Cao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, N. Zhao, Y. Xing, Y. Liu, X. Lin, Y. Cheng, H. Li, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of photo-darkening induced thermal load in Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(11), 809–812 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

R. Cao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, N. Zhao, Y. Xing, Y. Liu, X. Lin, Y. Cheng, H. Li, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of photo-darkening induced thermal load in Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(11), 809–812 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Zhao, Y. Liu, M. Li, J. Li, J. Peng, L. Yang, N. Dai, H. Li, and J. Li, “Mitigation of photodarkening effect in Yb-doped fiber through Na+ ions doping,” Opt. Express 25(15), 18191–18196 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mady, F.

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Mattsson, K. E.

Méchin, D.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Messerly, M. J.

Milanese, D.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Modsching, N.

Monteville, A.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Tregoat, A. Monteville, and T. Robin, “Photobleaching of photodarkening in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers with 633 nm irradiation,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(9), 1286–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Montiel i Ponsoda, J. J.

Nilsson, J.

Norin, L.

M. Engholm, P. Jelger, F. Laurell, and L. Norin, “Improved photodarkening resistivity in ytterbium-doped fiber lasers by cerium codoping,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1285–1287 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Reduction of photodarkening in Yb/Al-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731E (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm, L. Norin, and D. Åberg, “Strong UV absorption and visible luminescence in ytterbium-doped aluminosilicate glass under UV excitation,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3352–3354 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Divalent Ytterbium in Ytterbium doped Aluminosilicate glass Aspects on Photodarkening in Fiber Lasers - Aspects on Photodarkening in Fiber Lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JTuA61.

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[Crossref]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Tregoat, A. Monteville, and T. Robin, “Photobleaching of photodarkening in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers with 633 nm irradiation,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(9), 1286–1291 (2012).
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Xing, Y.

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Ye, C.

C. Ye, L. Petit, J. J. Koponen, I.-N. Hu, and A. Galvanauskas, “Short-Term and Long-Term Stability in Ytterbium-Doped High-Power Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 188–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Zhang, B. M.

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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Ye, L. Petit, J. J. Koponen, I.-N. Hu, and A. Galvanauskas, “Short-Term and Long-Term Stability in Ytterbium-Doped High-Power Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 188–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

R. Cao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, N. Zhao, Y. Xing, Y. Liu, X. Lin, Y. Cheng, H. Li, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of photo-darkening induced thermal load in Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(11), 809–812 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

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T. Deschamps, H. Vezin, C. Gonnet, and N. Ollier, “Evidence of AlOHC responsible for the radiation-induced darkening in Yb doped fiber,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8382–8392 (2013).
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Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Reduction of photodarkening in Yb/Al-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731E (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Arai, K. Ichii, S. Tanigawa, and M. Fujimaki, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 79140K (2011).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

J. Nilsson and D. N. Payne, “High-Power Fiber Lasers,” Science 332(6032), 921–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. Jasapara, M. Andrejco, D. DiGiovanni, and R. Windeler, “Effect of heat and H2 gas on the photo-darkening of Yb3+ fibers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuQ5.

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Divalent Ytterbium in Ytterbium doped Aluminosilicate glass Aspects on Photodarkening in Fiber Lasers - Aspects on Photodarkening in Fiber Lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JTuA61.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Measurement scheme of PD induced excess loss; (b) structure of the high power fiber amplifier system.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. PD induced excess loss and fitting curve at 633nm, 702 nm, 810 nm and 1041nm for (a) the pristine fiber; (b) the 532 nm pre-irradiated fiber.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Absorption spectra change for 532 nm and 915 nm injection.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) PD and photo-bleaching evolution under different pump power of 532 nm LD at 702nm; (b) The relation between bleached ratio and pump power of 532 nm LD.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Excess loss evolution under 915 nm and 532 nm alternating pump.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Output power and (b) standard deviation as a function of pump power for the pristine fiber, the gamma irradiated fiber before and after 532 nm photo-bleaching.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Fiber samples parameters

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