Abstract

We herein report on using a compact and low cost scintillator-camera based neutron detection system for quantitative time-of-flight imaging applications. While powerful pulsed neutron sources emerge and enable unprecedented scientific achievements, one bottleneck is the availability of suitable detectors that provide high count- and high frame- rate capabilities. For imaging applications the achievable spatial resolution/pixel size is obviously another key characteristic. While major effort was so far directed towards the development of neutron counting type imaging detectors, this work demonstrates that a camera based detector system as commonly employed at steady state sources can also be used if a suitable camera is utilized. This is demonstrated at the ESS test beamline (V20) at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin by recording the time-of-flight transmission spectrum of steel samples using a CMOS camera at 1 kHz frame rate, revealing the characteristic Bragg edge pattern. This ‘simple’ setup in the current state presents a useful option of neutron detection and has the potential to overcome many of the existing limitations and could provide a reliable alternative for neutron detector technology in general, given that the camera and scintillator technology keep up the current development speed.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (1)

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (5)

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, J. Santisteban, A. Fedrigo, and M. Strobl, “Diffraction in neutron imaging—A review,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 141–158 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. H. Lehmann and B. Schillinger, “How the NEUWAVE workshop series has pushed neutron imaging developments,” Neutron News 29(1), 25–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, R. Woracek, A. Hilger, and J. Banhart, “Advances in neutron imaging,” Mater. Today 21(6), 652–672 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Tötzke, N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, and S. E. Oswald, “Capturing 3D Water Flow in Rooted Soil by Ultra-fast Neutron Tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6192 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, I. Manke, R. Woracek, and J. Banhart, “CONRAD-2: the new neutron imaging instrument at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin,” J. Appl. Cryst. 49(1), 195–202 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, T. Hofmann, M. Bulat, M. Sales, K. Habicht, K. Andersen, and M. Strobl, “The test beamline of the European Spallation Source – Instrumentation development and wavelength frame multiplication,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 839, 102–116 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “Neutron Bragg Edge Tomography for Phase Mapping,” Phys. Procedia 69, 227–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Mochiki, K. Ishizuka, K. Morikawa, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of a New High-Frame-Rate Camera for Pulsed Neutron Transmission Spectroscopic Radiography,” Phys. Procedia 69, 143–151 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Tremsin, J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, and O. Siegmund, “Optimization of high count rate event counting detector with Microchannel Plates and quad Timepix readout,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 787, 20–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Morgano, E. Lehmann, and M. Strobl, “Detectors requirements for the ODIN beamline at ESS,” Phys. Procedia 69, 152–160 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography,” Adv. Mater. 26(24), 4069–4073 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

M. Strobl, M. Bulat, and K. Habicht, “The wavelength frame multiplication chopper system for the ESS test beamline at the BER II reactor—A concept study of a fundamental ESS instrument principle,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 705, 74–84 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

S. Uno, T. Uchida, M. Sekimoto, T. Murakami, K. Miyama, M. Shoji, E. Nakano, and T. Koike, “Development of a two-dimensional gaseous detector for energy-selective neutron radiography,” Phys. Procedia 37, 600–605 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Lehmann, A. Tremsin, C. Grünzweig, I. Johnson, P. Boillat, and L. Josic, “Neutron imaging—Detector options in progress,” J. Instrum. 6(01), C01050 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

H. Sato, O. Takada, S. Satoh, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of material evaluation method by using a pulsed neutron transmission with pixel type detectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 623(1), 597–599 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

K. Nittoh, C. Konagai, T. Noji, and K. Miyabe, “New feature of the neutron color image intensifier,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 605(1-2), 107–110 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

W. Kockelmann, G. Frei, E. H. Lehmann, P. Vontobel, and J. R. Santisteban, “Energy-selective neutron transmission imaging at a pulsed source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 578(2), 421–434 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

B. Schillinger and E. Lehmann, “Scientific Reviews: Detectors for Neutron Imaging,” Neutron News 17(1), 19–21 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Rhodes, “Scientific reviews: status and future development of neutron scintillation detectors,” Neutron News 17(1), 16–18 (2006).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

A. Spowart, “Measurement of the absolute scintillation efficiency of granular and glass neutron scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 75(1), 35–42 (1969).
[Crossref]

Akeroyd, F. A.

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Andersen, K.

R. Woracek, T. Hofmann, M. Bulat, M. Sales, K. Habicht, K. Andersen, and M. Strobl, “The test beamline of the European Spallation Source – Instrumentation development and wavelength frame multiplication,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 839, 102–116 (2016).
[Crossref]

Banhart, J.

N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, R. Woracek, A. Hilger, and J. Banhart, “Advances in neutron imaging,” Mater. Today 21(6), 652–672 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, I. Manke, R. Woracek, and J. Banhart, “CONRAD-2: the new neutron imaging instrument at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin,” J. Appl. Cryst. 49(1), 195–202 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “Neutron Bragg Edge Tomography for Phase Mapping,” Phys. Procedia 69, 227–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography,” Adv. Mater. 26(24), 4069–4073 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bilheux, H.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Boillat, P.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Lehmann, A. Tremsin, C. Grünzweig, I. Johnson, P. Boillat, and L. Josic, “Neutron imaging—Detector options in progress,” J. Instrum. 6(01), C01050 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Siegwart, R. Woracek, J. I. M. Damián, A. S. Tremsin, V. Manzi-Orezzoli, M. Strobl, T. J. Schmidt, and P. Boillat, “Distinction between Super-Cooled Water and Ice with High Duty Cycle Time-of-Flight Neutron Imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.submitted.

Boin, M.

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “Neutron Bragg Edge Tomography for Phase Mapping,” Phys. Procedia 69, 227–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography,” Adv. Mater. 26(24), 4069–4073 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Brouard, M.

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bulat, M.

R. Woracek, T. Hofmann, M. Bulat, M. Sales, K. Habicht, K. Andersen, and M. Strobl, “The test beamline of the European Spallation Source – Instrumentation development and wavelength frame multiplication,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 839, 102–116 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Strobl, M. Bulat, and K. Habicht, “The wavelength frame multiplication chopper system for the ESS test beamline at the BER II reactor—A concept study of a fundamental ESS instrument principle,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 705, 74–84 (2013).
[Crossref]

Carminati, C.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clemens, D.

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Damián, J. I. M.

M. Siegwart, R. Woracek, J. I. M. Damián, A. S. Tremsin, V. Manzi-Orezzoli, M. Strobl, T. J. Schmidt, and P. Boillat, “Distinction between Super-Cooled Water and Ice with High Duty Cycle Time-of-Flight Neutron Imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.submitted.

David, C.

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Davies, C. M.

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dawson, M.

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dhiman, I.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Eijck, L.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fedrigo, A.

R. Woracek, J. Santisteban, A. Fedrigo, and M. Strobl, “Diffraction in neutron imaging—A review,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 141–158 (2018).
[Crossref]

Frei, G.

W. Kockelmann, G. Frei, E. H. Lehmann, P. Vontobel, and J. R. Santisteban, “Energy-selective neutron transmission imaging at a pulsed source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 578(2), 421–434 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fujioka, H.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Garcia-Moreno, F.

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gardell, S.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Grenzer, J.

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gruenzweig, C.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grünzweig, C.

Guzenko, V. A.

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Habicht, K.

R. Woracek, T. Hofmann, M. Bulat, M. Sales, K. Habicht, K. Andersen, and M. Strobl, “The test beamline of the European Spallation Source – Instrumentation development and wavelength frame multiplication,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 839, 102–116 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Strobl, M. Bulat, and K. Habicht, “The wavelength frame multiplication chopper system for the ESS test beamline at the BER II reactor—A concept study of a fundamental ESS instrument principle,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 705, 74–84 (2013).
[Crossref]

Harada, M.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hart, M.

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Hattori, K.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hilger, A.

N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, R. Woracek, A. Hilger, and J. Banhart, “Advances in neutron imaging,” Mater. Today 21(6), 652–672 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, I. Manke, R. Woracek, and J. Banhart, “CONRAD-2: the new neutron imaging instrument at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin,” J. Appl. Cryst. 49(1), 195–202 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “Neutron Bragg Edge Tomography for Phase Mapping,” Phys. Procedia 69, 227–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography,” Adv. Mater. 26(24), 4069–4073 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hiroi, K.

T. Uragaki, J. Koide, J. Kawarabayashi, K.-i. Mochiki, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Su, K. Hiroi, T. Shinohara, and T. Kai, “Evaluation of High-frame-rate Camera with Digital Accumulation System Combined with Neutron Color Image Intensifier for Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Neutron Optics (NOP2017) (2018), 011027.
[Crossref]

Hofmann, T.

R. Woracek, T. Hofmann, M. Bulat, M. Sales, K. Habicht, K. Andersen, and M. Strobl, “The test beamline of the European Spallation Source – Instrumentation development and wavelength frame multiplication,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 839, 102–116 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hovind, J.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishizuka, K.

K. Mochiki, K. Ishizuka, K. Morikawa, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of a New High-Frame-Rate Camera for Pulsed Neutron Transmission Spectroscopic Radiography,” Phys. Procedia 69, 143–151 (2015).
[Crossref]

Iwaki, S.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

John, J.

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

John, J. J.

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Johnson, I.

E. Lehmann, A. Tremsin, C. Grünzweig, I. Johnson, P. Boillat, and L. Josic, “Neutron imaging—Detector options in progress,” J. Instrum. 6(01), C01050 (2011).
[Crossref]

Josic, L.

E. Lehmann, A. Tremsin, C. Grünzweig, I. Johnson, P. Boillat, and L. Josic, “Neutron imaging—Detector options in progress,” J. Instrum. 6(01), C01050 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kabuki, S.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kadletz, P. M.

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Kaestner, A.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kai, T.

T. Uragaki, J. Koide, J. Kawarabayashi, K.-i. Mochiki, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Su, K. Hiroi, T. Shinohara, and T. Kai, “Evaluation of High-frame-rate Camera with Digital Accumulation System Combined with Neutron Color Image Intensifier for Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Neutron Optics (NOP2017) (2018), 011027.
[Crossref]

Kamiyama, T.

K. Mochiki, K. Ishizuka, K. Morikawa, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of a New High-Frame-Rate Camera for Pulsed Neutron Transmission Spectroscopic Radiography,” Phys. Procedia 69, 143–151 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Sato, O. Takada, S. Satoh, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of material evaluation method by using a pulsed neutron transmission with pixel type detectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 623(1), 597–599 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kardjilov, N.

N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, R. Woracek, A. Hilger, and J. Banhart, “Advances in neutron imaging,” Mater. Today 21(6), 652–672 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Tötzke, N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, and S. E. Oswald, “Capturing 3D Water Flow in Rooted Soil by Ultra-fast Neutron Tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6192 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, I. Manke, R. Woracek, and J. Banhart, “CONRAD-2: the new neutron imaging instrument at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin,” J. Appl. Cryst. 49(1), 195–202 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “Neutron Bragg Edge Tomography for Phase Mapping,” Phys. Procedia 69, 227–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography,” Adv. Mater. 26(24), 4069–4073 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kawarabayashi, J.

T. Uragaki, J. Koide, J. Kawarabayashi, K.-i. Mochiki, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Su, K. Hiroi, T. Shinohara, and T. Kai, “Evaluation of High-frame-rate Camera with Digital Accumulation System Combined with Neutron Color Image Intensifier for Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Neutron Optics (NOP2017) (2018), 011027.
[Crossref]

Kim, F.

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kishimoto, Y.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kiyanagi, Y.

K. Mochiki, K. Ishizuka, K. Morikawa, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of a New High-Frame-Rate Camera for Pulsed Neutron Transmission Spectroscopic Radiography,” Phys. Procedia 69, 143–151 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Sato, O. Takada, S. Satoh, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of material evaluation method by using a pulsed neutron transmission with pixel type detectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 623(1), 597–599 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kockelmann, W.

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Kockelmann, G. Frei, E. H. Lehmann, P. Vontobel, and J. R. Santisteban, “Energy-selective neutron transmission imaging at a pulsed source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 578(2), 421–434 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Koide, J.

T. Uragaki, J. Koide, J. Kawarabayashi, K.-i. Mochiki, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Su, K. Hiroi, T. Shinohara, and T. Kai, “Evaluation of High-frame-rate Camera with Digital Accumulation System Combined with Neutron Color Image Intensifier for Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Neutron Optics (NOP2017) (2018), 011027.
[Crossref]

Koike, T.

S. Uno, T. Uchida, M. Sekimoto, T. Murakami, K. Miyama, M. Shoji, E. Nakano, and T. Koike, “Development of a two-dimensional gaseous detector for energy-selective neutron radiography,” Phys. Procedia 37, 600–605 (2012).
[Crossref]

Konagai, C.

K. Nittoh, C. Konagai, T. Noji, and K. Miyabe, “New feature of the neutron color image intensifier,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 605(1-2), 107–110 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kubo, H.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kurosawa, S.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laprade, B.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. W. L.

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Lehmann, E.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morgano, E. Lehmann, and M. Strobl, “Detectors requirements for the ODIN beamline at ESS,” Phys. Procedia 69, 152–160 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Lehmann, A. Tremsin, C. Grünzweig, I. Johnson, P. Boillat, and L. Josic, “Neutron imaging—Detector options in progress,” J. Instrum. 6(01), C01050 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Schillinger and E. Lehmann, “Scientific Reviews: Detectors for Neutron Imaging,” Neutron News 17(1), 19–21 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lehmann, E. H.

E. H. Lehmann and B. Schillinger, “How the NEUWAVE workshop series has pushed neutron imaging developments,” Neutron News 29(1), 25–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kockelmann, G. Frei, E. H. Lehmann, P. Vontobel, and J. R. Santisteban, “Energy-selective neutron transmission imaging at a pulsed source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 578(2), 421–434 (2007).
[Crossref]

Manke, I.

N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, R. Woracek, A. Hilger, and J. Banhart, “Advances in neutron imaging,” Mater. Today 21(6), 652–672 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Tötzke, N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, and S. E. Oswald, “Capturing 3D Water Flow in Rooted Soil by Ultra-fast Neutron Tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6192 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, I. Manke, R. Woracek, and J. Banhart, “CONRAD-2: the new neutron imaging instrument at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin,” J. Appl. Cryst. 49(1), 195–202 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “Neutron Bragg Edge Tomography for Phase Mapping,” Phys. Procedia 69, 227–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography,” Adv. Mater. 26(24), 4069–4073 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mannes, D.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manzi-Orezzoli, V.

M. Siegwart, R. Woracek, J. I. M. Damián, A. S. Tremsin, V. Manzi-Orezzoli, M. Strobl, T. J. Schmidt, and P. Boillat, “Distinction between Super-Cooled Water and Ice with High Duty Cycle Time-of-Flight Neutron Imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.submitted.

Matsumoto, Y.

T. Uragaki, J. Koide, J. Kawarabayashi, K.-i. Mochiki, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Su, K. Hiroi, T. Shinohara, and T. Kai, “Evaluation of High-frame-rate Camera with Digital Accumulation System Combined with Neutron Color Image Intensifier for Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Neutron Optics (NOP2017) (2018), 011027.
[Crossref]

McPhate, J.

A. Tremsin, J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, and O. Siegmund, “Optimization of high count rate event counting detector with Microchannel Plates and quad Timepix readout,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 787, 20–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

Minniti, T.

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Miuchi, K.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Miyabe, K.

K. Nittoh, C. Konagai, T. Noji, and K. Miyabe, “New feature of the neutron color image intensifier,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 605(1-2), 107–110 (2009).
[Crossref]

Miyama, K.

S. Uno, T. Uchida, M. Sekimoto, T. Murakami, K. Miyama, M. Shoji, E. Nakano, and T. Koike, “Development of a two-dimensional gaseous detector for energy-selective neutron radiography,” Phys. Procedia 37, 600–605 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mochiki, K.

K. Mochiki, K. Ishizuka, K. Morikawa, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of a New High-Frame-Rate Camera for Pulsed Neutron Transmission Spectroscopic Radiography,” Phys. Procedia 69, 143–151 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mochiki, K.-i.

T. Uragaki, J. Koide, J. Kawarabayashi, K.-i. Mochiki, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Su, K. Hiroi, T. Shinohara, and T. Kai, “Evaluation of High-frame-rate Camera with Digital Accumulation System Combined with Neutron Color Image Intensifier for Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Neutron Optics (NOP2017) (2018), 011027.
[Crossref]

Moreton-Smith, C.

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Morgano, M.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morgano, E. Lehmann, and M. Strobl, “Detectors requirements for the ODIN beamline at ESS,” Phys. Procedia 69, 152–160 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Morikawa, K.

K. Mochiki, K. Ishizuka, K. Morikawa, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of a New High-Frame-Rate Camera for Pulsed Neutron Transmission Spectroscopic Radiography,” Phys. Procedia 69, 143–151 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mrotek, S.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mühlbauer, M.

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Murakami, T.

S. Uno, T. Uchida, M. Sekimoto, T. Murakami, K. Miyama, M. Shoji, E. Nakano, and T. Koike, “Development of a two-dimensional gaseous detector for energy-selective neutron radiography,” Phys. Procedia 37, 600–605 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nagae, T.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nakano, E.

S. Uno, T. Uchida, M. Sekimoto, T. Murakami, K. Miyama, M. Shoji, E. Nakano, and T. Koike, “Development of a two-dimensional gaseous detector for energy-selective neutron radiography,” Phys. Procedia 37, 600–605 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nishimura, H.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nittoh, K.

K. Nittoh, C. Konagai, T. Noji, and K. Miyabe, “New feature of the neutron color image intensifier,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 605(1-2), 107–110 (2009).
[Crossref]

Noji, T.

K. Nittoh, C. Konagai, T. Noji, and K. Miyabe, “New feature of the neutron color image intensifier,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 605(1-2), 107–110 (2009).
[Crossref]

O’Dowd, N.

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oku, T.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Olbinado, M. P.

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ortega, R.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Oswald, S. E.

C. Tötzke, N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, and S. E. Oswald, “Capturing 3D Water Flow in Rooted Soil by Ultra-fast Neutron Tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6192 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parker, J.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pasquale, D.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Penumadu, D.

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “Neutron Bragg Edge Tomography for Phase Mapping,” Phys. Procedia 69, 227–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography,” Adv. Mater. 26(24), 4069–4073 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pinto, S. D.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Plomp, J.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pooley, D.

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pooley, D. E.

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Pradel, P.

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Rack, A.

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Raventos, M.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Resseguier, T. D.

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Rhodes, N.

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Rhodes, “Scientific reviews: status and future development of neutron scintillation detectors,” Neutron News 17(1), 16–18 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rhodes, N. J.

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Ritzau, S.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rolfs, K.

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sales, M.

R. Woracek, T. Hofmann, M. Bulat, M. Sales, K. Habicht, K. Andersen, and M. Strobl, “The test beamline of the European Spallation Source – Instrumentation development and wavelength frame multiplication,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 839, 102–116 (2016).
[Crossref]

Santisteban, J.

R. Woracek, J. Santisteban, A. Fedrigo, and M. Strobl, “Diffraction in neutron imaging—A review,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 141–158 (2018).
[Crossref]

Santisteban, J. R.

W. Kockelmann, G. Frei, E. H. Lehmann, P. Vontobel, and J. R. Santisteban, “Energy-selective neutron transmission imaging at a pulsed source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 578(2), 421–434 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sato, H.

H. Sato, O. Takada, S. Satoh, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of material evaluation method by using a pulsed neutron transmission with pixel type detectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 623(1), 597–599 (2010).
[Crossref]

Satoh, S.

H. Sato, O. Takada, S. Satoh, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of material evaluation method by using a pulsed neutron transmission with pixel type detectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 623(1), 597–599 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sawano, T.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schillinger, B.

E. H. Lehmann and B. Schillinger, “How the NEUWAVE workshop series has pushed neutron imaging developments,” Neutron News 29(1), 25–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Schillinger and E. Lehmann, “Scientific Reviews: Detectors for Neutron Imaging,” Neutron News 17(1), 19–21 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schmid, F.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, T. J.

M. Siegwart, R. Woracek, J. I. M. Damián, A. S. Tremsin, V. Manzi-Orezzoli, M. Strobl, T. J. Schmidt, and P. Boillat, “Distinction between Super-Cooled Water and Ice with High Duty Cycle Time-of-Flight Neutron Imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.submitted.

Schooneveld, E.

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

Schooneveld, E. M.

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Schulz, C.

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sedgwick, I.

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Sekimoto, M.

S. Uno, T. Uchida, M. Sekimoto, T. Murakami, K. Miyama, M. Shoji, E. Nakano, and T. Koike, “Development of a two-dimensional gaseous detector for energy-selective neutron radiography,” Phys. Procedia 37, 600–605 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shinohara, T.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Uragaki, J. Koide, J. Kawarabayashi, K.-i. Mochiki, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Su, K. Hiroi, T. Shinohara, and T. Kai, “Evaluation of High-frame-rate Camera with Digital Accumulation System Combined with Neutron Color Image Intensifier for Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Neutron Optics (NOP2017) (2018), 011027.
[Crossref]

Shoji, M.

S. Uno, T. Uchida, M. Sekimoto, T. Murakami, K. Miyama, M. Shoji, E. Nakano, and T. Koike, “Development of a two-dimensional gaseous detector for energy-selective neutron radiography,” Phys. Procedia 37, 600–605 (2012).
[Crossref]

Siegmund, O.

A. Tremsin, J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, and O. Siegmund, “Optimization of high count rate event counting detector with Microchannel Plates and quad Timepix readout,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 787, 20–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

Siegwart, M.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Siegwart, R. Woracek, J. I. M. Damián, A. S. Tremsin, V. Manzi-Orezzoli, M. Strobl, T. J. Schmidt, and P. Boillat, “Distinction between Super-Cooled Water and Ice with High Duty Cycle Time-of-Flight Neutron Imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.submitted.

Spowart, A.

A. Spowart, “Measurement of the absolute scintillation efficiency of granular and glass neutron scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 75(1), 35–42 (1969).
[Crossref]

Strobl, M.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Woracek, J. Santisteban, A. Fedrigo, and M. Strobl, “Diffraction in neutron imaging—A review,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 141–158 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, T. Hofmann, M. Bulat, M. Sales, K. Habicht, K. Andersen, and M. Strobl, “The test beamline of the European Spallation Source – Instrumentation development and wavelength frame multiplication,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 839, 102–116 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Morgano, E. Lehmann, and M. Strobl, “Detectors requirements for the ODIN beamline at ESS,” Phys. Procedia 69, 152–160 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Strobl, M. Bulat, and K. Habicht, “The wavelength frame multiplication chopper system for the ESS test beamline at the BER II reactor—A concept study of a fundamental ESS instrument principle,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 705, 74–84 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Siegwart, R. Woracek, J. I. M. Damián, A. S. Tremsin, V. Manzi-Orezzoli, M. Strobl, T. J. Schmidt, and P. Boillat, “Distinction between Super-Cooled Water and Ice with High Duty Cycle Time-of-Flight Neutron Imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.submitted.

Su, Y.

T. Uragaki, J. Koide, J. Kawarabayashi, K.-i. Mochiki, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Su, K. Hiroi, T. Shinohara, and T. Kai, “Evaluation of High-frame-rate Camera with Digital Accumulation System Combined with Neutron Color Image Intensifier for Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Neutron Optics (NOP2017) (2018), 011027.
[Crossref]

Suzuki, J.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Takada, A.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Takada, O.

H. Sato, O. Takada, S. Satoh, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of material evaluation method by using a pulsed neutron transmission with pixel type detectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 623(1), 597–599 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tanimori, T.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tiernan, P.

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tötzke, C.

C. Tötzke, N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, and S. E. Oswald, “Capturing 3D Water Flow in Rooted Soil by Ultra-fast Neutron Tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6192 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tremsin, A.

A. Tremsin, J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, and O. Siegmund, “Optimization of high count rate event counting detector with Microchannel Plates and quad Timepix readout,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 787, 20–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Lehmann, A. Tremsin, C. Grünzweig, I. Johnson, P. Boillat, and L. Josic, “Neutron imaging—Detector options in progress,” J. Instrum. 6(01), C01050 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tremsin, A. S.

M. Siegwart, R. Woracek, J. I. M. Damián, A. S. Tremsin, V. Manzi-Orezzoli, M. Strobl, T. J. Schmidt, and P. Boillat, “Distinction between Super-Cooled Water and Ice with High Duty Cycle Time-of-Flight Neutron Imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.submitted.

Trtik, P.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turchetta, R.

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

Uchida, T.

S. Uno, T. Uchida, M. Sekimoto, T. Murakami, K. Miyama, M. Shoji, E. Nakano, and T. Koike, “Development of a two-dimensional gaseous detector for energy-selective neutron radiography,” Phys. Procedia 37, 600–605 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ueno, K.

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Uno, S.

S. Uno, T. Uchida, M. Sekimoto, T. Murakami, K. Miyama, M. Shoji, E. Nakano, and T. Koike, “Development of a two-dimensional gaseous detector for energy-selective neutron radiography,” Phys. Procedia 37, 600–605 (2012).
[Crossref]

Uragaki, T.

T. Uragaki, J. Koide, J. Kawarabayashi, K.-i. Mochiki, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Su, K. Hiroi, T. Shinohara, and T. Kai, “Evaluation of High-frame-rate Camera with Digital Accumulation System Combined with Neutron Color Image Intensifier for Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Neutron Optics (NOP2017) (2018), 011027.
[Crossref]

Vagovic, P.

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Vallance, C.

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

Vallerga, J.

A. Tremsin, J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, and O. Siegmund, “Optimization of high count rate event counting detector with Microchannel Plates and quad Timepix readout,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 787, 20–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vontobel, P.

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Boillat, C. Carminati, F. Schmid, C. Grünzweig, J. Hovind, A. Kaestner, D. Mannes, M. Morgano, M. Siegwart, P. Trtik, P. Vontobel, and E. H. Lehmann, “Chasing quantitative biases in neutron imaging with scintillator-camera detectors: a practical method with black body grids,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15769–15784 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kockelmann, G. Frei, E. H. Lehmann, P. Vontobel, and J. R. Santisteban, “Energy-selective neutron transmission imaging at a pulsed source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 578(2), 421–434 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wilpert, T.

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wimpory, R.

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

Woracek, R.

R. Woracek, J. Santisteban, A. Fedrigo, and M. Strobl, “Diffraction in neutron imaging—A review,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 141–158 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, R. Woracek, A. Hilger, and J. Banhart, “Advances in neutron imaging,” Mater. Today 21(6), 652–672 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, T. Hofmann, M. Bulat, M. Sales, K. Habicht, K. Andersen, and M. Strobl, “The test beamline of the European Spallation Source – Instrumentation development and wavelength frame multiplication,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 839, 102–116 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, I. Manke, R. Woracek, and J. Banhart, “CONRAD-2: the new neutron imaging instrument at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin,” J. Appl. Cryst. 49(1), 195–202 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “Neutron Bragg Edge Tomography for Phase Mapping,” Phys. Procedia 69, 227–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography,” Adv. Mater. 26(24), 4069–4073 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

M. Siegwart, R. Woracek, J. I. M. Damián, A. S. Tremsin, V. Manzi-Orezzoli, M. Strobl, T. J. Schmidt, and P. Boillat, “Distinction between Super-Cooled Water and Ice with High Duty Cycle Time-of-Flight Neutron Imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.submitted.

Zdora, M.-C.

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography,” Adv. Mater. 26(24), 4069–4073 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (1)

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, J. John, W. Kockelmann, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, R. Turchetta, and C. Vallance, “Development of the “GP2” detector: modification of the PImMS CMOS sensor for energy-resolved neutron radiography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 64(12), 2970–2981 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Cryst. (1)

N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, I. Manke, R. Woracek, and J. Banhart, “CONRAD-2: the new neutron imaging instrument at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin,” J. Appl. Cryst. 49(1), 195–202 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Instrum. (2)

M. P. Olbinado, J. Grenzer, P. Pradel, T. D. Resseguier, P. Vagovic, M.-C. Zdora, V. A. Guzenko, C. David, and A. Rack, “Advances in indirect detector systems for ultra high-speed hard X-ray imaging with synchrotron light,” J. Instrum. 13(04), C04004 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. Lehmann, A. Tremsin, C. Grünzweig, I. Johnson, P. Boillat, and L. Josic, “Neutron imaging—Detector options in progress,” J. Instrum. 6(01), C01050 (2011).
[Crossref]

JINST (1)

S. D. Pinto, R. Ortega, S. Ritzau, D. Pasquale, B. Laprade, S. Mrotek, S. Gardell, Z. Zhou, J. Plomp, L. Eijck, H. Bilheux, and I. Dhiman, “Neutron imaging and tomography with MCPs,” JINST 12(12), C12006 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mater. Today (1)

N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, R. Woracek, A. Hilger, and J. Banhart, “Advances in neutron imaging,” Mater. Today 21(6), 652–672 (2018).
[Crossref]

Neutron News (3)

E. H. Lehmann and B. Schillinger, “How the NEUWAVE workshop series has pushed neutron imaging developments,” Neutron News 29(1), 25–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Schillinger and E. Lehmann, “Scientific Reviews: Detectors for Neutron Imaging,” Neutron News 17(1), 19–21 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Rhodes, “Scientific reviews: status and future development of neutron scintillation detectors,” Neutron News 17(1), 16–18 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods (1)

A. Spowart, “Measurement of the absolute scintillation efficiency of granular and glass neutron scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 75(1), 35–42 (1969).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (10)

M. Strobl, A. Hilger, M. Boin, N. Kardjilov, R. Wimpory, D. Clemens, M. Mühlbauer, B. Schillinger, T. Wilpert, C. Schulz, K. Rolfs, C. M. Davies, N. O’Dowd, P. Tiernan, and I. Manke, “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 149–155 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Tremsin, J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, and O. Siegmund, “Optimization of high count rate event counting detector with Microchannel Plates and quad Timepix readout,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 787, 20–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, T. Hofmann, M. Bulat, M. Sales, K. Habicht, K. Andersen, and M. Strobl, “The test beamline of the European Spallation Source – Instrumentation development and wavelength frame multiplication,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 839, 102–116 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Strobl, M. Bulat, and K. Habicht, “The wavelength frame multiplication chopper system for the ESS test beamline at the BER II reactor—A concept study of a fundamental ESS instrument principle,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 705, 74–84 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Sato, O. Takada, S. Satoh, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of material evaluation method by using a pulsed neutron transmission with pixel type detectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 623(1), 597–599 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Nittoh, C. Konagai, T. Noji, and K. Miyabe, “New feature of the neutron color image intensifier,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 605(1-2), 107–110 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Kockelmann, G. Frei, E. H. Lehmann, P. Vontobel, and J. R. Santisteban, “Energy-selective neutron transmission imaging at a pulsed source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 578(2), 421–434 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Woracek, J. Santisteban, A. Fedrigo, and M. Strobl, “Diffraction in neutron imaging—A review,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 141–158 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Kardjilov, M. Dawson, A. Hilger, I. Manke, M. Strobl, D. Penumadu, F. Kim, F. Garcia-Moreno, and J. Banhart, “A highly adaptive detector system for high resolution neutron imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 651(1), 95–99 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Parker, K. Hattori, H. Fujioka, M. Harada, S. Iwaki, S. Kabuki, Y. Kishimoto, H. Kubo, S. Kurosawa, K. Miuchi, T. Nagae, H. Nishimura, T. Oku, T. Sawano, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, A. Takada, T. Tanimori, and K. Ueno, “Neutron imaging detector based on the μPIC micro-pixel chamber,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 697, 23–31 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Procedia (4)

R. Woracek, D. Penumadu, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Boin, J. Banhart, and I. Manke, “Neutron Bragg Edge Tomography for Phase Mapping,” Phys. Procedia 69, 227–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Uno, T. Uchida, M. Sekimoto, T. Murakami, K. Miyama, M. Shoji, E. Nakano, and T. Koike, “Development of a two-dimensional gaseous detector for energy-selective neutron radiography,” Phys. Procedia 37, 600–605 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Morgano, E. Lehmann, and M. Strobl, “Detectors requirements for the ODIN beamline at ESS,” Phys. Procedia 69, 152–160 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Mochiki, K. Ishizuka, K. Morikawa, T. Kamiyama, and Y. Kiyanagi, “Development of a New High-Frame-Rate Camera for Pulsed Neutron Transmission Spectroscopic Radiography,” Phys. Procedia 69, 143–151 (2015).
[Crossref]

PLoS One (1)

C. Carminati, P. Boillat, F. Schmid, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, M. Morgano, M. Raventos, M. Siegwart, D. Mannes, C. Gruenzweig, P. Trtik, E. Lehmann, M. Strobl, and A. Kaestner, “Implementation and assessment of the black body bias correction in quantitative neutron imaging,” PLoS One 14(1), e0210300 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. Tötzke, N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, and S. E. Oswald, “Capturing 3D Water Flow in Rooted Soil by Ultra-fast Neutron Tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6192 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (6)

D. Pooley, J. Lee, M. Brouard, R. Farrow, J. John, W. Kockelmann, R. Nickerson, N. Rhodes, E. Schooneveld, and I. Sedgwick, “‘GP2′—An energy resolved neutron imaging detector using a Gd coated CMOS sensor,” in Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC),2015IEEE, (IEEE, 2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

D. E. Pooley, J. W. L. Lee, F. A. Akeroyd, M. Hart, J. J. John, P. M. Kadletz, W. Kockelmann, T. Minniti, C. Moreton-Smith, M. Morgano, N. J. Rhodes, E. M. Schooneveld, I. Sedgwick, C. Vallance, and R. Woracek, “Energy resolved imaging using the GP2 detector: progress in instrumentation, methods and data analysis,” WCNR Proceedings (2019).

M. Siegwart, R. Woracek, J. I. M. Damián, A. S. Tremsin, V. Manzi-Orezzoli, M. Strobl, T. J. Schmidt, and P. Boillat, “Distinction between Super-Cooled Water and Ice with High Duty Cycle Time-of-Flight Neutron Imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.submitted.

T. Uragaki, J. Koide, J. Kawarabayashi, K.-i. Mochiki, Y. Matsumoto, Y. Su, K. Hiroi, T. Shinohara, and T. Kai, “Evaluation of High-frame-rate Camera with Digital Accumulation System Combined with Neutron Color Image Intensifier for Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Neutron Optics (NOP2017) (2018), 011027.
[Crossref]

ProxiVision, “ http://www.proxivision.de/products/neutron-detector.html ”, retrieved http://www.proxivision.de/products/neutron-detector.html .

J. D. Parker, M. Harada, H. Hayashida, K. Hiroi, T. Kai, Y. Matsumoto, T. Nakatani, K. Oikawa, M. Segawa, and T. Shinohara, “Development of energy-resolved neutron imaging detectors at RADEN,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1806.09752 (2018).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The camera system is based on the same principle as those currently used as a standard for neutron imaging (adapted from [8]). The main difference is the use of a fast CMOS camera instead of a CCD camera and the subsequent data processing procedure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Neutron radiography of a stainless steel sample showing (a) the as recorded image of the sample and (b) the Open Beam image without a sample. (c) The normalized transmission image. (d) The FoV (50mm x 1.1mm; effective pixel size of 36.4 µm) utilized for the high frame rate measurements with images taken at a continuous frame rate of 1 ms.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The beamline setup depicted in a time-of-flight diagram. The 2.86 ms long source pulse was created by a double disk chopper and the wavelength band was defined by another double disk chopper at a distance of 10 m downstream from there, while the detector was positioned at a distance of 26 m. (b) The time-of-flight spectrum as recorded using a 3He beam monitor (after 1/v efficiency correction) at the detector position. It can be seen that all neutrons after ≈42 ms are blocked by the wavelength band chopper. This region is used to correct for possible scintillator afterglow and temperature dependent ‘dark’ signal of the camera system.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The raw signal without a sample in the beam, recorded with 1 kHz frame rate for a region of ≈50 mm x 1.1 mm (horizontal stripe as depicted in Fig. 2(b)), reveals individual pulses of the 14 Hz pulsed neutron beam. (b) The smoothed signal allows detecting individual pulse positions with respect to time for successive alignment and integration of subsequent raw data pulses; needed since the utilized camera does not provide an external trigger input. (c) Integrating (raw) ‘Open Beam’ data for 25 minutes, corresponding to 21000 individual pulses, yields data with high statistics that allow for spatially resolved time-of-flight imaging. The secondary y-axis shows the neutrons counts after dark-field correction, correctly resembling the spectrum recorded with the 3He monitor (see Fig. 3 (b)). It can be noted that the utilized CMOS camera possesses a fairly high constant offset pedestal in addition to temperature dependent readout noise that was much smaller than the measured signal. (d) The attenuated neutron spectrum transmitted through a BCC iron plate for which the normalized transmission spectrum is presented in Fig. 5. The alignment of the individual pulses was also performed for a region without the sample covering the detector.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Transmission measurement of a ferritic (BCC) steel sample recorded by the scintillator coupled CMOS camera system described in this work. A measurement of the same sample is included for comparison that was obtained using the same chopper setup and flight path with the newly developed GP2 ToF imaging detector [13,30]. The 1 kHz frame rate of the CMOS camera allowed a sampling rate of 1 ms (≈0.15Å), resulting in a theoretical resolution of ≈3.75% at 4 Å.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Demonstration that the herein utilized ToF camera system is suitable to distinguish crystalline phases by Bragg edge analysis.

Equations (3)

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T= ISampleIDark IOpenBeanIDark .
t TOF =λm L Det /h= L Det λ/3956 ( Å m/s ),
Δλ/λ =τ( λ )/ t TOF ( λ ),

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