Abstract

Large-scale optical switch networks employ wavelength division multiplexing to expand and facilitate multiple input and outputs. Such networks can be implemented with the Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) as the building block. A fully-loaded MZI switch, meaning one with two optical signals at its two inputs and one that is capable of simultaneously switching those inputs to its two outputs, reduces the number building blocks within the network, and as a result makes them more power and area efficient. However, for practical operation, such MZI switches need to be automatically controlled for overcoming fabrication and thermal variations. We present an interference-based monitoring method that enables automatically switching, tuning, and stabilizing of a fully-loaded 2×2 MZI optical switch and demonstrate a prototype on an SOI platform. Using the proposed device and off-the-shelf electronics, we demonstrate automatic tuning and stabilization of an MZI switch with 12.5 Gb/s and 25 Gb/s data rates and channel spacing as small as 1 nm.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (2)

H. Jayatilleka, H. Shoman, R. Boeck, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Automatic configuration and wavelength locking of coupled silicon ring resonators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 210–218 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Gazman, E. Manzhosov, C. Browning, M. Bahadori, Y. London, L. Barry, and K. Bergman, “Tapless and topology agnostic calibration solution for silicon photonic switches,” Opt. Express 26, 32662–32674 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

D. Li, L. Zhou, L. Lu, and J. Chen, “Optical power monitoring with ultrahigh sensitivity in silicon waveguides and ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Qiao, W. Tang, and T. Chu, “32 × 32 silicon electro-optic switch with built-in monitors and balanced-status units,” Sci. Reports 7, 42306 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Caverley, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Crosstalk in soi microring resonator-based filters,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2886–2896 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, S. Shekhar, and K. Bergman, “Crosstalk penalty in microring-based silicon photonic interconnect systems,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4043–4052 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (3)

F. Morichetti, S. Grillanda, and A. Melloni, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2013: Toward feedback-controlled integrated photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Cox, A. L. Lentine, D. C. Trotter, and A. L. Starbuck, “Control of integrated micro-resonator wavelength via balanced homodyne locking,” Opt. Express 22, 11279–11289 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

Z. Danyan, H. Guoqiang, H. Xiaohui, and Y. Yang, “Design of an analog maximum power point tracking control IC based on perturb-and-observe algorithm,” in “IEEE Int. Conf. Electron Devices and Solid State Circuit (EDSSC),” (2012), pp. 1–4.

L. Chen and Y. kai Chen, “Compact, low-loss and low-power 8×8 broadband silicon optical switch,” Opt. Express 20, 18977–18985 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

L. Chen, E. Hall, L. Theogarajan, and J. Bowers, “Photonic switching for data center applications,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 834–844 (2011).
[Crossref]

AlTaha, M. W.

S. Shekhar, L. Chrostowski, S. Mirabbasi, S. Nayak, M. W. AlTaha, A. Naguib, A. S. Ramani, and H. Jayatilleka, “Silicon electronics-photonics integrated circuits for datacenters,” in “IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integ. Circuit Symposium (CSICS),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

M. W. AlTaha, S. Nayak, H. Jayatilleka, S. Shekhar, and S. Mirabbasi, “Silicon-photonic devices: Electronic control and stabilization,” in “IEEE Canadian Conf. Electrical and Computer Eng. (CCECE),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

Annoni, A.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Assefa, S.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bahadori, M.

A. Gazman, E. Manzhosov, C. Browning, M. Bahadori, Y. London, L. Barry, and K. Bergman, “Tapless and topology agnostic calibration solution for silicon photonic switches,” Opt. Express 26, 32662–32674 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, S. Shekhar, and K. Bergman, “Crosstalk penalty in microring-based silicon photonic interconnect systems,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4043–4052 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baks, C. W.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Barry, L.

Barwicz, T.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bergman, K.

A. Gazman, E. Manzhosov, C. Browning, M. Bahadori, Y. London, L. Barry, and K. Bergman, “Tapless and topology agnostic calibration solution for silicon photonic switches,” Opt. Express 26, 32662–32674 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, S. Shekhar, and K. Bergman, “Crosstalk penalty in microring-based silicon photonic interconnect systems,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4043–4052 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bernier, E.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

Boeck, R.

H. Jayatilleka, H. Shoman, R. Boeck, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Automatic configuration and wavelength locking of coupled silicon ring resonators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 210–218 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J.

L. Chen, E. Hall, L. Theogarajan, and J. Bowers, “Photonic switching for data center applications,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 834–844 (2011).
[Crossref]

Browning, C.

Carminati, M.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Caverley, M.

Celo, D.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

Chen, J.

D. Li, L. Zhou, L. Lu, and J. Chen, “Optical power monitoring with ultrahigh sensitivity in silicon waveguides and ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

L. Chen and Y. kai Chen, “Compact, low-loss and low-power 8×8 broadband silicon optical switch,” Opt. Express 20, 18977–18985 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Chen, E. Hall, L. Theogarajan, and J. Bowers, “Photonic switching for data center applications,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 834–844 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chrostowski, L.

H. Jayatilleka, H. Shoman, R. Boeck, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Automatic configuration and wavelength locking of coupled silicon ring resonators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 210–218 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Caverley, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Crosstalk in soi microring resonator-based filters,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2886–2896 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, S. Shekhar, and K. Bergman, “Crosstalk penalty in microring-based silicon photonic interconnect systems,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4043–4052 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Ángel Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Wavelength tuning and stabilization of microring-based filters using silicon in-resonator photoconductive heaters,” Opt. Express 23, 25084–25097 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Shekhar, L. Chrostowski, S. Mirabbasi, S. Nayak, M. W. AlTaha, A. Naguib, A. S. Ramani, and H. Jayatilleka, “Silicon electronics-photonics integrated circuits for datacenters,” in “IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integ. Circuit Symposium (CSICS),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

L. Chrostowski and M. Hochberg, Silicon Photonics Design: From Devices to Systems(Cambridge University, 2015).
[Crossref]

Chu, T.

L. Qiao, W. Tang, and T. Chu, “32 × 32 silicon electro-optic switch with built-in monitors and balanced-status units,” Sci. Reports 7, 42306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ciccarella, P.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cox, J. A.

Danyan, Z.

Z. Danyan, H. Guoqiang, H. Xiaohui, and Y. Yang, “Design of an analog maximum power point tracking control IC based on perturb-and-observe algorithm,” in “IEEE Int. Conf. Electron Devices and Solid State Circuit (EDSSC),” (2012), pp. 1–4.

Dumais, P.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

Ferrari, G.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gazman, A.

Geng, D.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

Goodwill, D. J.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

Green, W. M. J.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grillanda, S.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Morichetti, S. Grillanda, and A. Melloni, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2013: Toward feedback-controlled integrated photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guglielmi, E.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guillén-Torres, M. Ángel

Guoqiang, H.

Z. Danyan, H. Guoqiang, H. Xiaohui, and Y. Yang, “Design of an analog maximum power point tracking control IC based on perturb-and-observe algorithm,” in “IEEE Int. Conf. Electron Devices and Solid State Circuit (EDSSC),” (2012), pp. 1–4.

Hall, E.

L. Chen, E. Hall, L. Theogarajan, and J. Bowers, “Photonic switching for data center applications,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 834–844 (2011).
[Crossref]

He, J.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

Hino, T.

S. Nakamura, S. Takahashi, I. Ogura, J. Ushida, K. Kurata, T. Hino, H. Takeshita, A. Tajima, M. Yu, and G.-Q. Lo, “High extinction ratio optical switching independently of temperature with silicon photonic 1 x 8 switch” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2012). Paper OTu2I.3.

Hochberg, M.

L. Chrostowski and M. Hochberg, Silicon Photonics Design: From Devices to Systems(Cambridge University, 2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, R.

Jaeger, N. A. F.

H. Jayatilleka, H. Shoman, R. Boeck, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Automatic configuration and wavelength locking of coupled silicon ring resonators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 210–218 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, S. Shekhar, and K. Bergman, “Crosstalk penalty in microring-based silicon photonic interconnect systems,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4043–4052 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Caverley, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Crosstalk in soi microring resonator-based filters,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2886–2896 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Ángel Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Wavelength tuning and stabilization of microring-based filters using silicon in-resonator photoconductive heaters,” Opt. Express 23, 25084–25097 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jayatilleka, H.

H. Jayatilleka, H. Shoman, R. Boeck, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Automatic configuration and wavelength locking of coupled silicon ring resonators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 210–218 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Caverley, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Crosstalk in soi microring resonator-based filters,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2886–2896 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, S. Shekhar, and K. Bergman, “Crosstalk penalty in microring-based silicon photonic interconnect systems,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4043–4052 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Ángel Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Wavelength tuning and stabilization of microring-based filters using silicon in-resonator photoconductive heaters,” Opt. Express 23, 25084–25097 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. AlTaha, S. Nayak, H. Jayatilleka, S. Shekhar, and S. Mirabbasi, “Silicon-photonic devices: Electronic control and stabilization,” in “IEEE Canadian Conf. Electrical and Computer Eng. (CCECE),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

S. Shekhar, L. Chrostowski, S. Mirabbasi, S. Nayak, M. W. AlTaha, A. Naguib, A. S. Ramani, and H. Jayatilleka, “Silicon electronics-photonics integrated circuits for datacenters,” in “IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integ. Circuit Symposium (CSICS),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

Jiang, J.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

kai Chen, Y.

Khater, M. H.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kiewra, E.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Knights, A. P.

G. T. Reed and A. P. Knights, Silicon Photonics: An Introduction(John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2004).
[Crossref]

Kuchta, D. M.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kurata, K.

S. Nakamura, S. Takahashi, I. Ogura, J. Ushida, K. Kurata, T. Hino, H. Takeshita, A. Tajima, M. Yu, and G.-Q. Lo, “High extinction ratio optical switching independently of temperature with silicon photonic 1 x 8 switch” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2012). Paper OTu2I.3.

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lentine, A. L.

Li, D.

D. Li, L. Zhou, L. Lu, and J. Chen, “Optical power monitoring with ultrahigh sensitivity in silicon waveguides and ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

Liu, W.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

Lo, G.-Q.

S. Nakamura, S. Takahashi, I. Ogura, J. Ushida, K. Kurata, T. Hino, H. Takeshita, A. Tajima, M. Yu, and G.-Q. Lo, “High extinction ratio optical switching independently of temperature with silicon photonic 1 x 8 switch” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2012). Paper OTu2I.3.

London, Y.

Lu, L.

D. Li, L. Zhou, L. Lu, and J. Chen, “Optical power monitoring with ultrahigh sensitivity in silicon waveguides and ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

Manzhosov, E.

Mehrvar, H.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

Melloni, A.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
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F. Morichetti, S. Grillanda, and A. Melloni, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2013: Toward feedback-controlled integrated photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–6 (2014).
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Mirabbasi, S.

M. W. AlTaha, S. Nayak, H. Jayatilleka, S. Shekhar, and S. Mirabbasi, “Silicon-photonic devices: Electronic control and stabilization,” in “IEEE Canadian Conf. Electrical and Computer Eng. (CCECE),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

S. Shekhar, L. Chrostowski, S. Mirabbasi, S. Nayak, M. W. AlTaha, A. Naguib, A. S. Ramani, and H. Jayatilleka, “Silicon electronics-photonics integrated circuits for datacenters,” in “IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integ. Circuit Symposium (CSICS),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

Morichetti, F.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Morichetti, S. Grillanda, and A. Melloni, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2013: Toward feedback-controlled integrated photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Murray, K.

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, S. Shekhar, and K. Bergman, “Crosstalk penalty in microring-based silicon photonic interconnect systems,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4043–4052 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Caverley, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Crosstalk in soi microring resonator-based filters,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2886–2896 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Ángel Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Wavelength tuning and stabilization of microring-based filters using silicon in-resonator photoconductive heaters,” Opt. Express 23, 25084–25097 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Naguib, A.

S. Shekhar, L. Chrostowski, S. Mirabbasi, S. Nayak, M. W. AlTaha, A. Naguib, A. S. Ramani, and H. Jayatilleka, “Silicon electronics-photonics integrated circuits for datacenters,” in “IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integ. Circuit Symposium (CSICS),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

Nakamura, S.

S. Nakamura, S. Takahashi, I. Ogura, J. Ushida, K. Kurata, T. Hino, H. Takeshita, A. Tajima, M. Yu, and G.-Q. Lo, “High extinction ratio optical switching independently of temperature with silicon photonic 1 x 8 switch” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2012). Paper OTu2I.3.

Nayak, S.

S. Shekhar, L. Chrostowski, S. Mirabbasi, S. Nayak, M. W. AlTaha, A. Naguib, A. S. Ramani, and H. Jayatilleka, “Silicon electronics-photonics integrated circuits for datacenters,” in “IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integ. Circuit Symposium (CSICS),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

M. W. AlTaha, S. Nayak, H. Jayatilleka, S. Shekhar, and S. Mirabbasi, “Silicon-photonic devices: Electronic control and stabilization,” in “IEEE Canadian Conf. Electrical and Computer Eng. (CCECE),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

Ogura, I.

S. Nakamura, S. Takahashi, I. Ogura, J. Ushida, K. Kurata, T. Hino, H. Takeshita, A. Tajima, M. Yu, and G.-Q. Lo, “High extinction ratio optical switching independently of temperature with silicon photonic 1 x 8 switch” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2012). Paper OTu2I.3.

Qiao, L.

L. Qiao, W. Tang, and T. Chu, “32 × 32 silicon electro-optic switch with built-in monitors and balanced-status units,” Sci. Reports 7, 42306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ramani, A. S.

S. Shekhar, L. Chrostowski, S. Mirabbasi, S. Nayak, M. W. AlTaha, A. Naguib, A. S. Ramani, and H. Jayatilleka, “Silicon electronics-photonics integrated circuits for datacenters,” in “IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integ. Circuit Symposium (CSICS),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

Reed, G. T.

G. T. Reed and A. P. Knights, Silicon Photonics: An Introduction(John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2004).
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Reinholm, C.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rimolo-Donadio, R.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rumley, S.

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, S. Shekhar, and K. Bergman, “Crosstalk penalty in microring-based silicon photonic interconnect systems,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4043–4052 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rylyakov, A. V.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
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Sampietro, M.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schow, C. L.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
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Shank, S. M.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shekhar, S.

H. Jayatilleka, H. Shoman, R. Boeck, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Automatic configuration and wavelength locking of coupled silicon ring resonators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 210–218 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Caverley, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Crosstalk in soi microring resonator-based filters,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2886–2896 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, S. Shekhar, and K. Bergman, “Crosstalk penalty in microring-based silicon photonic interconnect systems,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4043–4052 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Ángel Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Wavelength tuning and stabilization of microring-based filters using silicon in-resonator photoconductive heaters,” Opt. Express 23, 25084–25097 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. AlTaha, S. Nayak, H. Jayatilleka, S. Shekhar, and S. Mirabbasi, “Silicon-photonic devices: Electronic control and stabilization,” in “IEEE Canadian Conf. Electrical and Computer Eng. (CCECE),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

S. Shekhar, L. Chrostowski, S. Mirabbasi, S. Nayak, M. W. AlTaha, A. Naguib, A. S. Ramani, and H. Jayatilleka, “Silicon electronics-photonics integrated circuits for datacenters,” in “IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integ. Circuit Symposium (CSICS),” (2016), pp. 1–4.

Shoman, H.

H. Jayatilleka, H. Shoman, R. Boeck, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Automatic configuration and wavelength locking of coupled silicon ring resonators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 210–218 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sorel, M.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
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Starbuck, A. L.

Strain, M. J.

A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
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Tajima, A.

S. Nakamura, S. Takahashi, I. Ogura, J. Ushida, K. Kurata, T. Hino, H. Takeshita, A. Tajima, M. Yu, and G.-Q. Lo, “High extinction ratio optical switching independently of temperature with silicon photonic 1 x 8 switch” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2012). Paper OTu2I.3.

Takahashi, S.

S. Nakamura, S. Takahashi, I. Ogura, J. Ushida, K. Kurata, T. Hino, H. Takeshita, A. Tajima, M. Yu, and G.-Q. Lo, “High extinction ratio optical switching independently of temperature with silicon photonic 1 x 8 switch” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2012). Paper OTu2I.3.

Takeshita, H.

S. Nakamura, S. Takahashi, I. Ogura, J. Ushida, K. Kurata, T. Hino, H. Takeshita, A. Tajima, M. Yu, and G.-Q. Lo, “High extinction ratio optical switching independently of temperature with silicon photonic 1 x 8 switch” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2012). Paper OTu2I.3.

Tang, W.

L. Qiao, W. Tang, and T. Chu, “32 × 32 silicon electro-optic switch with built-in monitors and balanced-status units,” Sci. Reports 7, 42306 (2017).
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L. Chen, E. Hall, L. Theogarajan, and J. Bowers, “Photonic switching for data center applications,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 834–844 (2011).
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Trotter, D. C.

Tu, X.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

Ushida, J.

S. Nakamura, S. Takahashi, I. Ogura, J. Ushida, K. Kurata, T. Hino, H. Takeshita, A. Tajima, M. Yu, and G.-Q. Lo, “High extinction ratio optical switching independently of temperature with silicon photonic 1 x 8 switch” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2012). Paper OTu2I.3.

Vlasov, Y. A.

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, cmos logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
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Wei, Y.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

Xiaohui, H.

Z. Danyan, H. Guoqiang, H. Xiaohui, and Y. Yang, “Design of an analog maximum power point tracking control IC based on perturb-and-observe algorithm,” in “IEEE Int. Conf. Electron Devices and Solid State Circuit (EDSSC),” (2012), pp. 1–4.

Yan, S.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

Yang, Y.

Z. Danyan, H. Guoqiang, H. Xiaohui, and Y. Yang, “Design of an analog maximum power point tracking control IC based on perturb-and-observe algorithm,” in “IEEE Int. Conf. Electron Devices and Solid State Circuit (EDSSC),” (2012), pp. 1–4.

Yu, M.

S. Nakamura, S. Takahashi, I. Ogura, J. Ushida, K. Kurata, T. Hino, H. Takeshita, A. Tajima, M. Yu, and G.-Q. Lo, “High extinction ratio optical switching independently of temperature with silicon photonic 1 x 8 switch” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2012). Paper OTu2I.3.

Zhang, C.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

Zhao, F.

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

D. Celo, D. J. Goodwill, J. Jiang, P. Dumais, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, D. Geng, H. Mehrvar, and E. Bernier, “32×32 silicon photonic switch,” in “OptoElectronics and Comm. Conf. (OECC),” (2016), pp. WF1–4.

Zhou, L.

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IEEE Int. Conf. Electron Devices and Solid State Circuit (EDSSC) (1)

Z. Danyan, H. Guoqiang, H. Xiaohui, and Y. Yang, “Design of an analog maximum power point tracking control IC based on perturb-and-observe algorithm,” in “IEEE Int. Conf. Electron Devices and Solid State Circuit (EDSSC),” (2012), pp. 1–4.

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A. Annoni, E. Guglielmi, M. Carminati, S. Grillanda, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, M. Sorel, M. J. Strain, M. Sampietro, A. Melloni, and F. Morichetti, “Automated routing and control of silicon photonic switch fabrics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (3)

D. Li, L. Zhou, L. Lu, and J. Chen, “Optical power monitoring with ultrahigh sensitivity in silicon waveguides and ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Other (7)

E. Bernier, P. Dumais, D. J. Goodwill, H. Mehrvar, D. Celo, J. Jiang, C. Zhang, F. Zhao, X. Tu, C. Zhang, S. Yan, J. He, M. Li, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and D. Geng, “Large-scale silicon photonic switch,” in “Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC),” (2018), p. Th1J.1.

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Switch fabric for optical communications with the switching done in (a) electrical domain and (b) optical domain.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Operation of 1x2 MZI optical switch.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Monitoring structure for (a) 1×2 MZI optical switch, and (b) proposed 2×2 MZI optical switch.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Operation of the proposed device in the (a) bar and (b) cross state.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Optical output of (a) MZI bar arm, (b) MZI cross arm, and (c) MI, as the MZI phase shifter is swept, along with a periodic excitation signal applied to the MI’s phase shifter.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Micrograph of fabricated device.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Test setup for switching spectrum characterization.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Experimental switching spectrum of the MZI switch and the monitor PD current swing at λ=1550 nm.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Proposed MZI-MI switch with an electronic control loop.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Oscilloscope capture of the MI’s phase-shifter’s excitation signal and the TIA output at the MZI’s (a) bar and (b) cross state.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Illustration of automatic tuning algorithm on (a) positive slope, and (b) negative slope. (c) state diagram of the tuning algorithm.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Power at the MZI’s output arms with two simultaneous inputs; I1 at 1525 nm and I2 at 1530 nm. Inserts at bottom-right corners indicate the center wavelength of the optical filters between MZI and power detectors. Controller is effectively off for the first minute, then tunes to the bar state for a minute, then tunes to cross state for a minute.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Eye diagrams at the output of the switch under different tuning conditions with two optical-signal inputs that are simultaneously and independently modulated: 12.5 Gb/s I1 at O1 port with (a) manual and (b) automatic tuning to the bar state, respectively. 12.5 Gb/s I2 at O1 port with (c) manual and (d) automatic tuning to the cross state, respectively. 12.5 Gb/s I2 at O2 port with (e) manual and (f) automatic tuning to the bar state. 12.5 Gb/s I1 at O2 port with (g) manual and (h) automatic tuning to the cross state, respectively. 25 Gb/s I1 with automatic tuning at (i) O1 port in bar state, and (j) O2 port in cross state. I1 has λ1 = 1550 nm, I2 has λ2 = 1549 nm. Measured eye heights are 165 mV and 127 mV at 12.5 and 25 Gb/s, respectively.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 Aggressor waveform.
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 Effect of the aggressor signal on the best achievable, manually tuned, bar state of MZI switch.
Fig. 16
Fig. 16 Power at the output ports of the MZI switch with the filters centered at λ1 = 1550 nm and the controller tuning the switch and stabilizing it against the aggressor signal: Switch tuned to the (a) bar state where λ1 is routed to the O1 port and (b) cross state where λ1 is routed to the O2 port.
Fig. 17
Fig. 17 Eye diagrams at the output of the switch under different tuning and stabilization conditions with 5 periods of the aggressor signal of Fig. 14 and two optical inputs that are simultaneously and independently modulated: 12.5 Gb/s I1 at O1 port with (a) manual tuning and (b) automatic tuning & stabilization to the bar state, 12.5 Gb/s I1 at O2 port with (c) manual and (d) automatic tuning & stabilization to the cross state, 12.5 Gb/s I2 at O2 port with (e) manual and (f) automatic tuning & stabilization to the bar state, 12.5 Gb/s I2 at O1 port with (g) manual and (h) automatic tuning & stabilization to the cross state, (i) 25 Gb/s I1 at the O1 port with automatic tuning & stabilization to the bar state. I1 has λ1 = 1550 nm, I2 has λ2 = 1549 nm. Measured eye heights are 165 mV and 127 mV at 12.5 and 25 Gb/s, respectively.

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