Abstract

In this study, the output energy in topological insulators (TIs)-based Erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) was improved using two strategies: bidirectional pumped laser cavity and saturable absorber (SA) with high damage threshold and large modulation depth. Using the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method, Bismuth Selenide (Bi2Se3) film was synthesized and improved to a SA. Employing this CVD-Bi2Se3 SA in an EDFL, bright and bright-dark soliton operations were achieved. The average output power/pulse energy was 82.6 mW/48.3 nJ and 81.2 mW/47.5 nJ, respectively. The results demonstrate that CVD-Bi2Se3 can act as an excellent performance material to improve output power performance in TISA-based EDFL.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]

2019 (2)

N. N. Xu, N. Ming, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Large-energy passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on CVD-Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 373–383 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (8)

B. Guo, “2D noncarbon materials-based nonlinear optical devices for ultrafast photonics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020004 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, and B. Y. Man, “Various large-energy soliton operations within an Er-doped fiber laser with bismuth selenide as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(30), 8811–8818 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Bai, L. Wang, H. Wan, L. Li, L. Liu, and J. Pan, “Effects of CF4 content on particle densities and reaction pathways in atmospheric-pressure Ar/CF4 pulsed dielectric barrier discharge plasma,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 51(25), 255201 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. X. Jin, G. H. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. W. Hu, T. Albrowowen, R. C. T. Howe, T. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. F. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (17)

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, S. B. Lu, Z. N. Guo, X. D. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Meng, G. Semaan, M. Salhi, A. Niang, K. Guesmi, Z. C. Luo, and F. Sanchez, “High power L-band mode-locked fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23053–23058 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, and H. Chen, “2.95 GHz, femtosecond passive harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with topological insulator film,” Opt. Express 23(1), 154–164 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (10)

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17341–17348 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Graphene mode locked, wavelength-tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111112 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Albrowowen, T.

Bai, C.

C. Bai, L. Wang, H. Wan, L. Li, L. Liu, and J. Pan, “Effects of CF4 content on particle densities and reaction pathways in atmospheric-pressure Ar/CF4 pulsed dielectric barrier discharge plasma,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 51(25), 255201 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Graphene mode locked, wavelength-tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Boguslawski, J.

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z. P.

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, N.

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q. Y.

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. Q.

Chen, Y.

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. S.

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cui, X. Q.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dai, X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ding, J. F.

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dou, Z. Y.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Du, B. B.

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, T. J.

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fan, D. Y.

Fang, F.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Feng, D. J.

Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fu, X.

Gan, X.

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gan, X. T.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gel’mukhanov, F.

Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Grodecki, K.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guesmi, K.

Guo, B.

B. Guo, “2D noncarbon materials-based nonlinear optical devices for ultrafast photonics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020004 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. F. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, Q. X.

Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z. N.

Han, H.

Han, L.

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, X. L.

Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, N. Ming, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Large-energy passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on CVD-Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 373–383 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hasan, T.

X. X. Jin, G. H. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. W. Hu, T. Albrowowen, R. C. T. Howe, T. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Howe, R. C. T.

Hu, G. H.

Hu, Y. W.

Hua, S. J.

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, W.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jagiello, J.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jhon, Y. M.

Jiang, B.

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, B. Q.

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
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Jiang, G.

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K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
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D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
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[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
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Mei, T.

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Miao, L. L.

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Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
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K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
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Pan, J.

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Peng, T.

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
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Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
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P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, and H. Chen, “2.95 GHz, femtosecond passive harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with topological insulator film,” Opt. Express 23(1), 154–164 (2015).
[Crossref]

Salhi, M.

Sanchez, F.

Semaan, G.

She, X. Y.

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Si, H. P.

Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
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J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
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J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, K.

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. R.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

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J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
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J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, R. Y.

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
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K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y. P.

Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
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D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Tang, P.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, S. Y.

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tao, S. N.

Tarka, J.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tian, J. J.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tian, J. R.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tian, W.

Torrisi, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tseng, W. H.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wan, H.

C. Bai, L. Wang, H. Wan, L. Li, L. Liu, and J. Pan, “Effects of CF4 content on particle densities and reaction pathways in atmospheric-pressure Ar/CF4 pulsed dielectric barrier discharge plasma,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 51(25), 255201 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wan, X. J.

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, C. K.

Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Z.

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

C. Bai, L. Wang, H. Wan, L. Li, L. Liu, and J. Pan, “Effects of CF4 content on particle densities and reaction pathways in atmospheric-pressure Ar/CF4 pulsed dielectric barrier discharge plasma,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 51(25), 255201 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, P. F.

Wang, Q.

Wang, R. L.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. G.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. D.

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. T.

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z.

Wen, S.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

When, S. C.

Wu, C. I.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, M.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

Wu, T.

Xia, H.

Xie, H. H.

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, H. Y.

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, N. N.

Xu, R. Q.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

Xu, X. D.

Xu, Y. H.

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, B.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

Yan, P. G.

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. Y.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, R. H.

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, W. Q.

Yang, Y. F.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y.

B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. F. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, X. F.

Yu, Z. H.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y. J.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, S. B. Lu, Z. N. Guo, X. D. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Graphene mode locked, wavelength-tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111112 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. N.

Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, N. Ming, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Large-energy passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on CVD-Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 373–383 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, and B. Y. Man, “Various large-energy soliton operations within an Er-doped fiber laser with bismuth selenide as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(30), 8811–8818 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. Y.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

Zhang, S. C.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. J.

Zhang, W. D.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. X.

Zhao, C.

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J. L.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Graphene mode locked, wavelength-tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, N.

Zhao, Y. F.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X. W.

Zheng, Z.

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhu, T.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y. H.

Zybala, R.

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Graphene mode locked, wavelength-tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111112 (2010).
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D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
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Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
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D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
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IEEE Photonics J. (3)

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
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Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
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L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
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IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
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J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
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J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

C. Bai, L. Wang, H. Wan, L. Li, L. Liu, and J. Pan, “Effects of CF4 content on particle densities and reaction pathways in atmospheric-pressure Ar/CF4 pulsed dielectric barrier discharge plasma,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 51(25), 255201 (2018).
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Laser Phys. (2)

Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
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J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
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K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
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Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
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Nat. Photonics (2)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
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M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
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Opt. Express (15)

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014).
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H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
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H. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17341–17348 (2014).
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P. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, and H. Chen, “2.95 GHz, femtosecond passive harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with topological insulator film,” Opt. Express 23(1), 154–164 (2015).
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Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
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Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
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N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
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X. X. Jin, G. H. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. W. Hu, T. Albrowowen, R. C. T. Howe, T. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
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C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
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Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
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J. Ma, S. B. Lu, Z. N. Guo, X. D. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
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Y. C. Meng, G. Semaan, M. Salhi, A. Niang, K. Guesmi, Z. C. Luo, and F. Sanchez, “High power L-band mode-locked fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23053–23058 (2015).
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W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
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J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015).
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Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (4)

Photonics Res. (3)

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (3)

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
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D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
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P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of the experimental setup for the synthesis of Bi2Se3 sheets.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Preparation process of the CVD-Bi2Se3 SA.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) SEM image of the CVD-Bi2Se3, (b) AFM image of the Bi2Se3, and (c) height profile of the selected area in (b); characteristics of the transferred Bi2Se3 sheet: (d) SEM image, (e) AFM image, and (f) height profile of the selected area in (e).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Characteristics of the Bi2Se3 sheet: (a) EDS spectrum, (b) typical Raman spectrum, (c) XRD pattern, and (d) linear transmission of the transferred Bi2Se3 sheet.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The nonlinear absorption curve of the Bi2Se3 SA.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. The experimental setup of the passively mode-locked fiber laser.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Characteristics of the dual-wavelength bright-soliton pulse laser: (a) output optical spectrum, (b) single pulse trace and the inset is digital oscilloscope image, (c) RF spectrum, and (d) the relationship between the average output power, single pulse energy, and the pump power.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Characteristics of the triple-wavelength bright-dark soliton pair: (a) output optical spectrum, (b) single pulse trace and the inset is digital oscilloscope image, (c) RF spectrum, and (d) the relationship between the average output power, single pulse energy, and the pump power.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. A Comparison of Passively Mode-locked EDFL Based on TISAα

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