Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a time-multiplexing method for pulse-pumped heralded single-photon sources using switchable optical fiber delay lines. The optical fibers constitute a 32-channel binary-division photon buffer that can multiplex time slots into single temporal mode to enhance single-photon generation rate without increasing multi-photon noise. Relative time multiplexing using the same actively controlled variable delay realizes Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometry by two photons produced in arbitrary two time-bins. The interference dip depth in good agreement with theory verifies path length matching within the photonic coherence length and dispersion compensation of the optical fiber delay sections. We independently confirm by low-coherence interferometry that the internal optical path lengths of the optical switches are constant during the switching operations.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. X.-S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043814 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Mower and D. Englund, “Efficient generation of single and entangled photons on a silicon photonic integrated chip,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 052326 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Rudolph, “Why I am optimistic about the silicon-photonic route to quantum computing,” APL Photonics 2, 030901 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single-photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 053805 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Single photons on pseudodemand from stored parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 042303 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. T. McCusker and P. G. Kwiat, “Efficient optical quantum state engineering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 163602 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  8. F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  13. M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  14. C. T. Schmiegelow and M. A. Larotonda, “Multiplexing photons with a binary division strategy,” Appl. Phys. B 116, 447–454 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. F. Kaneda, F. Xu, J. Chapman, and P. G. Kwiat, “Quantum-memory-assisted multi-photon generation for efficient quantum information processing,” Optica 4, 1034–1037 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  18. F. Kaneda, K. Garay-Palmett, A. B. U’Ren, and P. G. Kwiat, “Heralded single-photon source utilizing highly nondegenerate, spectrally factorable spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Opt. Express 24, 10733–10747 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. E. Jeffrey, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Towards a periodic deterministic source of arbitrary single-photon states,” New J. Phys. 6, 100 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  20. K.-H. Hong, J. Jung, Y.-W. Cho, S.-W. Han, S. Moon, K. Oh, Y.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Kim, “Limits on manipulating conditional photon statistics via interference of weak lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 10610–10621 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (8)

T. Rudolph, “Why I am optimistic about the silicon-photonic route to quantum computing,” APL Photonics 2, 030901 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, Y. H. Lee, B. A. Bell, P. H. W. Leong, T. Rudolph, B. J. Eggleton, and C. Xiong, “Indistinguishable heralded single photon generation via relative temporal multiplexing of two sources,” Opt. Express 25, 26067–26075 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Kaneda, F. Xu, J. Chapman, and P. G. Kwiat, “Quantum-memory-assisted multi-photon generation for efficient quantum information processing,” Optica 4, 1034–1037 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

K.-H. Hong, J. Jung, Y.-W. Cho, S.-W. Han, S. Moon, K. Oh, Y.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Kim, “Limits on manipulating conditional photon statistics via interference of weak lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 10610–10621 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

C. T. Schmiegelow and M. A. Larotonda, “Multiplexing photons with a binary division strategy,” Appl. Phys. B 116, 447–454 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

X.-S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Mower and D. Englund, “Efficient generation of single and entangled photons on a silicon photonic integrated chip,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 052326 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

K. T. McCusker and P. G. Kwiat, “Efficient optical quantum state engineering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 163602 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

E. Jeffrey, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Towards a periodic deterministic source of arbitrary single-photon states,” New J. Phys. 6, 100 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single-photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 053805 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Single photons on pseudodemand from stored parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 042303 (2002).
[Crossref]

Abrahão, R. A.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aguilar, G. H.

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Almeida, M. P.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bell, B. A.

Bonneau, D.

Branning, D.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single-photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 053805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Broome, M. A.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cable, H.

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

Carolan, J.

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

Castelletto, S.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single-photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 053805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chae, C. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chapman, J.

Cho, Y.-W.

Choi, D.-Y.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christensen, B. G.

Collins, M. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dao, D. V.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

X. Zhang, Y. H. Lee, B. A. Bell, P. H. W. Leong, T. Rudolph, B. J. Eggleton, and C. Xiong, “Indistinguishable heralded single photon generation via relative temporal multiplexing of two sources,” Opt. Express 25, 26067–26075 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Englund, D.

J. Mower and D. Englund, “Efficient generation of single and entangled photons on a silicon photonic integrated chip,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 052326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Franson, J. D.

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Single photons on pseudodemand from stored parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 042303 (2002).
[Crossref]

Garay-Palmett, K.

Gazzano, O.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gimeno-Segovia, M.

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

Han, S.-W.

Haylock, B.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Helt, L. G.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemsley, E.

Hilaire, P.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, K.-H.

Jacobs, B. C.

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Single photons on pseudodemand from stored parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 042303 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jeffrey, E.

E. Jeffrey, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Towards a periodic deterministic source of arbitrary single-photon states,” New J. Phys. 6, 100 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jennewein, T.

X.-S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jung, J.

Kaneda, F.

Kasture, S.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.-H.

Kim, Y.-S.

Kofler, J.

X.-S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kwiat, P. G.

F. Kaneda, F. Xu, J. Chapman, and P. G. Kwiat, “Quantum-memory-assisted multi-photon generation for efficient quantum information processing,” Optica 4, 1034–1037 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Kaneda, K. Garay-Palmett, A. B. U’Ren, and P. G. Kwiat, “Heralded single-photon source utilizing highly nondegenerate, spectrally factorable spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Opt. Express 24, 10733–10747 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Kaneda, B. G. Christensen, J. J. Wong, H. S. Park, K. T. McCusker, and P. G. Kwiat, “Time-multiplexed heralded single-photon source,” Optica 2, 1010–1013 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. T. McCusker and P. G. Kwiat, “Efficient optical quantum state engineering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 163602 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Jeffrey, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Towards a periodic deterministic source of arbitrary single-photon states,” New J. Phys. 6, 100 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Kaneda and P. G. Kwiat, “High-efficiency single-photon generation via large-scale active time multiplexing,” arXiv e-prints arXiv:1803.04803 (2018).

Larotonda, M. A.

C. T. Schmiegelow and M. A. Larotonda, “Multiplexing photons with a binary division strategy,” Appl. Phys. B 116, 447–454 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. H.

Lemaitre, A.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lenzini, F.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Leong, P. H. W.

X. Zhang, Y. H. Lee, B. A. Bell, P. H. W. Leong, T. Rudolph, B. J. Eggleton, and C. Xiong, “Indistinguishable heralded single photon generation via relative temporal multiplexing of two sources,” Opt. Express 25, 26067–26075 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lobino, M.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Loredo, J. C.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.-S.

X.-S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mahendra, A.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marshall, G. D.

Marsili, F.

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Martín-López, E.

McCusker, K. T.

Mendoza, G. J.

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. J. Mendoza, R. Santagati, J. Munns, E. Hemsley, M. Piekarek, E. Martín-López, G. D. Marshall, D. Bonneau, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Active temporal and spatial multiplexing of photons,” Optica 3, 127–132 (2016).
[Crossref]

Migdall, A. L.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single-photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 053805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Moon, S.

Mower, J.

J. Mower and D. Englund, “Efficient generation of single and entangled photons on a silicon photonic integrated chip,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 052326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Munns, J.

Nam, S. W.

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, J. L.

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. J. Mendoza, R. Santagati, J. Munns, E. Hemsley, M. Piekarek, E. Martín-López, G. D. Marshall, D. Bonneau, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Active temporal and spatial multiplexing of photons,” Optica 3, 127–132 (2016).
[Crossref]

Oblak, D.

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Oh, K.

Park, H. S.

Peters, N. A.

E. Jeffrey, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Towards a periodic deterministic source of arbitrary single-photon states,” New J. Phys. 6, 100 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phan, H.-P.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Piekarek, M.

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Single photons on pseudodemand from stored parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 042303 (2002).
[Crossref]

Puigibert, M. G.

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rudolph, T.

T. Rudolph, “Why I am optimistic about the silicon-photonic route to quantum computing,” APL Photonics 2, 030901 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, Y. H. Lee, B. A. Bell, P. H. W. Leong, T. Rudolph, B. J. Eggleton, and C. Xiong, “Indistinguishable heralded single photon generation via relative temporal multiplexing of two sources,” Opt. Express 25, 26067–26075 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sagnes, I.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santagati, R.

Schmiegelow, C. T.

C. T. Schmiegelow and M. A. Larotonda, “Multiplexing photons with a binary division strategy,” Appl. Phys. B 116, 447–454 (2014).
[Crossref]

Senellart, P.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shadbolt, P.

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shaw, M. D.

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Silverstone, J. W.

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

Steel, M. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, M. G.

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. J. Mendoza, R. Santagati, J. Munns, E. Hemsley, M. Piekarek, E. Martín-López, G. D. Marshall, D. Bonneau, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Active temporal and spatial multiplexing of photons,” Optica 3, 127–132 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tittel, W.

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

U’Ren, A. B.

Verma, V. B.

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

White, A. G.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wong, J. J.

Xiong, C.

X. Zhang, Y. H. Lee, B. A. Bell, P. H. W. Leong, T. Rudolph, B. J. Eggleton, and C. Xiong, “Indistinguishable heralded single photon generation via relative temporal multiplexing of two sources,” Opt. Express 25, 26067–26075 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, F.

Zakaria, N. A.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zeilinger, A.

X.-S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, Y. H. Lee, B. A. Bell, P. H. W. Leong, T. Rudolph, B. J. Eggleton, and C. Xiong, “Indistinguishable heralded single photon generation via relative temporal multiplexing of two sources,” Opt. Express 25, 26067–26075 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Q.

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zotter, S.

X.-S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

APL Photonics (1)

T. Rudolph, “Why I am optimistic about the silicon-photonic route to quantum computing,” APL Photonics 2, 030901 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. T. Schmiegelow and M. A. Larotonda, “Multiplexing photons with a binary division strategy,” Appl. Phys. B 116, 447–454 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahão, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A. G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11, 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D.-Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W. Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (2)

E. Jeffrey, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Towards a periodic deterministic source of arbitrary single-photon states,” New J. Phys. 6, 100 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Gimeno-Segovia, H. Cable, G. J. Mendoza, P. Shadbolt, J. W. Silverstone, J. Carolan, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, and T. Rudolph, “Relative multiplexing for minimising switching in linear-optical quantum computing,” New J. Phys. 19, 063013 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Optica (3)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

X.-S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Mower and D. Englund, “Efficient generation of single and entangled photons on a silicon photonic integrated chip,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 052326 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single-photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 053805 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Single photons on pseudodemand from stored parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 042303 (2002).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

K. T. McCusker and P. G. Kwiat, “Efficient optical quantum state engineering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 163602 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson sampling with single-photon Fock states from a bright solid-state source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Puigibert, G. H. Aguilar, Q. Zhou, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, and W. Tittel, “Heralded single photons based on spectral multiplexing and feed-forward control,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 083601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

F. Kaneda and P. G. Kwiat, “High-efficiency single-photon generation via large-scale active time multiplexing,” arXiv e-prints arXiv:1803.04803 (2018).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup for the time-multiplexed HSPS. PPKTP: periodically-poled potassium titanyl phosphate crystal, DM: dichroic mirror, OS: optical switches, FC: fiber coupler, SMF: single-mode fiber: FBS: fiber beam splitter, SPAD: single-photon avalanche photodiode, TAC: time-to-amplitude converter, FPGA: field-programmable gate array.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Numerical calculation results of the joint spectrum and the state purity. (a) Joint spectral intensity of the photon pair (vertical dashed lines: half-maximum bandwidth of the interference filter for signal photons). (b) HOM dip depth according to the dispersion mismatch between two interfering photons. (c) HOM interference fringes. The interference filter for signal photons are included in calculation of (b) and (c).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental results of temporal multiplexing. μ: photon-pair generation probability per pulse by the SPDC crystal. (a) Temporal distribution of the output photons. (b) Photon generation probability p1 per output time slot. (c) Second-order correlation g(2) (0). Calculation of the theoretical curves in (c) takes into account the on-off detection capability and the dark count rate of the SPADs.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup for relative-time-multiplexing HOM interferometry. OS: optical switch, PC: polarization controller, FBS: fiber beam splitter, MDL: motorized delay line.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Total output coincidence counts of the HOMI (period: 1500 s, μ = 0.10). Orange solid line: theoretical fit. Blue dotted line: background noises due to redundant photons and dark counts.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Coincidence counts corresponding to the 31 time intervals between the two heralded photons (period: 1500 s).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Low-coherence interferometry setup for testing an optical switch. OS: optical switch, SLD: superluminescent diode, PD: photodiode, MDL: motorized delay line.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Output time trace of the low-coherence Mach-Zehnder interferometer.

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