Abstract

We have developed a high-gain, high-peak-power laser amplifier at an eye-safe 1.55 μm wavelength using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for wind sensing coherent Doppler lidars (CDLs). Our planar waveguide is free from stimulated Brillouin scattering and realizes high gain thanks to its multi-bounce optical-path configuration. A peak power of 5.5 kW with a pulse energy of 3.2 mJ is achieved at the repetition frequency of 4 kHz, which leads to an average power of 12.8 W. The gain is more than 23 dB. The wind sensing at more than 30 km is demonstrated with a CDL using the developed amplifier.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2019 (2)

E. Haraguchi, H. Ono, and T. Ando, “Optical frequency deviation compensation using pulsed serrodyne technique on coherent laser transmitter for wind sensing lidar,” Appl. Phys. Express 12(5), 052006 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. I. Mackenzie, S. V. Kurilichik, J. J. Prentice, J. A. Grant-Jacob, L. G. Carpenter, J. C. Gates, P. G. R. Smith, C. B. E. Gawith, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, and R. W. Eason, “1.6-μm Er:YGG waveguide amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 1989604 (2019).

2018 (2)

K. Mizutani, S. Ishii, M. Aoki, H. Iwai, R. Otsuka, H. Fukuoka, T. Isikawa, and A. Sato, “2 μm Doppler wind lidar with a Tm:fiber-laser-pumped Ho:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 43(2), 202–205 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Valldecabres, A. Peña, M. Courtney, L. von Bremen, and M. Kühn, “Very short-term forecast of near-coastal flow using scanning lidars,” Wind Energ. Sci. 3(1), 313–327 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

P. W. Chan, J. Wurman, and P. Robinson, “Lidar ground-based velocity track display analysis and surface observations of a vortex shedding event observed at the Hong Kong International Airport on April 11, 2011,” Atmosfera 30(4), 275–285 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Sato, M. Aoki, S. Ishii, R. Otsuka, K. Mizutani, and S. Ochiai, “7.28-W, high-energy, conductively cooled, Q-switched Tm,Ho:YLF laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 134–137 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Nie, Q. Liu, E. Ji, X. Cao, X. Fu, and M. Gong, “Active pulse shaping for end-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with high gain,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1051–1054 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. I. Mackenzie, J. A. Grant-Jacob, S. Beecher, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, D. P. Shepherd, and R. W. Eason, “Er:YGG planar waveguides grown by pulsed laser deposition for lidar applications,” Proc. SPIE 10082, 100820A (2017).

2015 (4)

2014 (4)

W. Diao, X. Zhang, J. Liu, X. Zhu, Y. Liu, D. Bi, and W. Chen, “All fiber pulsed coherent lidar development for wind profiles measurements in boundary layers,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(7), 072801 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115(1), 123–127 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, X. Zhu, Y. Yang, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Eye-safe single-frequency single-mode polarized all-fiber pulsed laser with peak power of 361 W,” Appl. Opt. 53(11), 2465–2469 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gibert, D. Edouart, C. Cénac, F. Le Mounier, and A. Dumas, “2-μm high-power multi-frequency single-mode Q-switched Ho: YLF laser for DIAL application,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 967–976 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

J. Yun, C. Gao, S. Zhu, C. Sun, H. He, L. Feng, L. Dong, and L. Niu, “High-peak-power, single-mode, nanosecond pulsed, all-fiber laser for high resolution 3D imaging LIDAR system,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(12), 121402 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “1.5-μm high average power laser amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852604 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Kameyama, T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “Wind sensing demonstration of more than 30 km measurable range with a 1.5 μm coherent Doppler lidar which has the laser amplifier using Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 85260E (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (4)

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, B. Philippe, H. Iwai, T. Aoki, T. Itabe, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Coherent 2 µm differential absorption and wind lidar with conductively cooled laser and two-axis scanning device,” Appl. Opt. 49(10), 1809–1817 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, P. J. Petzar, M. Petros, J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, M. J. Kavaya, U. N. Singh, E. A. Modlin, B. W. Barnes, and B. B. Demoz, “Field-testing of a high-energy 2-μm Doppler lidar,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 4(1), 043512 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. W.-H. Chang, D. J. Hosken, J. Munch, D. Ottaway, and P. J. Veitch, “Stable, Single Frequency Er:YAG Lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(7), 1039–1042 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, and Y. Hirano, “Semianalytic pulsed coherent laser radar equation for coaxial and apertured systems using nearest Gaussian approximation,” Appl. Opt. 49(27), 5169–5174 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, Y. Hirano, and S. Wadaka, “Performance of discrete-Fourier-transform based velocity estimators for a wind-sensing coherent Doppler lidar system in the Kolomogorov turbulence regime,” IEEE Trans. On Geosci. Rem. Sens. 47(10), 3570–3579 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and I. Kudryashov, “Single-frequency, Yb-free, resonantly cladding-pumped large mode area Er fiber amplifier for power scaling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 031111 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High brightness 1.5 μm pulsed fiber laser for lidar: from fibers to systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Canat, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, J. Kirchhof, V. Jolivet, A. Dolfi, and O. Vasseur, “Multifilament-core fibers for high energy pulse amplification at 1.5 µm with excellent beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2701–2703 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, Y. Hirano, and S. Wadaka, “Compact all-fiber pulsed coherent Doppler lidar system for wind sensing,” Appl. Opt. 46(11), 1953–1962 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

V. Philippov, C. Codemard, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “High-energy in-fiber pulse amplification for coherent lidar applications,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2590–2592 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15 mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 1–8 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

T. Yanagisawa, K. Asaka, K. Hamazu, and Y. Hirano, “11-mJ, 15-Hz single-frequency diode-pumped Q-switched Er, Yb:phosphate glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 26(16), 1262–1264 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Asaka, T. Yanagisawa, and Y. Hirano, “1.5-μm eye-safe coherent lidar system for wind velocity measurement,” Proc. SPIE 4153, 321–328 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

1999 (1)

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical proper ties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2–3), 269–288 (1999).
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1998 (1)

1996 (2)

R. M. Huffaker and R. M. Hardesty, “Remote sensing of atmospheric wind velocities using solid-state and CO2 coherent laser systems,” Proc. IEEE 84(2), 181–204 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. M. Vaughan, K. O. Steinvall, C. Werner, and P. H. Flamant, “Coherent laser radar in Europe,” Proc. IEEE 84(2), 205–226 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hanon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Burns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

1963 (1)

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of Pulse Propagation in a Laser Amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(8), 2346–2349 (1963).
[Crossref]

Akiyama, T.

H. Inokuchi, T. Akiyama, and K. Sasaki, “Flight demonstration of a long range onboard Doppler lidar,” in 31st Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2018), 3960–3966.

Alegria, C.

Amzajerdian, F.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ando, T.

E. Haraguchi, H. Ono, and T. Ando, “Optical frequency deviation compensation using pulsed serrodyne technique on coherent laser transmitter for wind sensing lidar,” Appl. Phys. Express 12(5), 052006 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “1.5-μm high average power laser amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852604 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Kameyama, T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “Wind sensing demonstration of more than 30 km measurable range with a 1.5 μm coherent Doppler lidar which has the laser amplifier using Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 85260E (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, and Y. Hirano, “Semianalytic pulsed coherent laser radar equation for coaxial and apertured systems using nearest Gaussian approximation,” Appl. Opt. 49(27), 5169–5174 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, Y. Hirano, and S. Wadaka, “Performance of discrete-Fourier-transform based velocity estimators for a wind-sensing coherent Doppler lidar system in the Kolomogorov turbulence regime,” IEEE Trans. On Geosci. Rem. Sens. 47(10), 3570–3579 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, Y. Hirano, and S. Wadaka, “Compact all-fiber pulsed coherent Doppler lidar system for wind sensing,” Appl. Opt. 46(11), 1953–1962 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “3.2 mJ, 1.5-μm laser power amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. 17th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2013).

Aoki, M.

Aoki, T.

Asai, K.

Asaka, K.

T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “1.5-μm high average power laser amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852604 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Kameyama, T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “Wind sensing demonstration of more than 30 km measurable range with a 1.5 μm coherent Doppler lidar which has the laser amplifier using Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 85260E (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, and Y. Hirano, “Semianalytic pulsed coherent laser radar equation for coaxial and apertured systems using nearest Gaussian approximation,” Appl. Opt. 49(27), 5169–5174 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, Y. Hirano, and S. Wadaka, “Performance of discrete-Fourier-transform based velocity estimators for a wind-sensing coherent Doppler lidar system in the Kolomogorov turbulence regime,” IEEE Trans. On Geosci. Rem. Sens. 47(10), 3570–3579 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, Y. Hirano, and S. Wadaka, “Compact all-fiber pulsed coherent Doppler lidar system for wind sensing,” Appl. Opt. 46(11), 1953–1962 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yanagisawa, K. Asaka, K. Hamazu, and Y. Hirano, “11-mJ, 15-Hz single-frequency diode-pumped Q-switched Er, Yb:phosphate glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 26(16), 1262–1264 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Asaka, T. Yanagisawa, and Y. Hirano, “1.5-μm eye-safe coherent lidar system for wind velocity measurement,” Proc. SPIE 4153, 321–328 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “3.2 mJ, 1.5-μm laser power amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. 17th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2013).

Augere, B.

J. P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 213–223 (2006).
[Crossref]

Augère, B.

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, “Eyesafe coherent detection wind lidar based on a beam-combined pulsed laser source,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1030–1033 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High brightness 1.5 μm pulsed fiber laser for lidar: from fibers to systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[Crossref]

Azarian, A.

Bai, Y.

Barnes, B. W.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, P. J. Petzar, M. Petros, J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, M. J. Kavaya, U. N. Singh, E. A. Modlin, B. W. Barnes, and B. B. Demoz, “Field-testing of a high-energy 2-μm Doppler lidar,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 4(1), 043512 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barnes, N. P.

Beecher, S.

J. I. Mackenzie, J. A. Grant-Jacob, S. Beecher, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, D. P. Shepherd, and R. W. Eason, “Er:YGG planar waveguides grown by pulsed laser deposition for lidar applications,” Proc. SPIE 10082, 100820A (2017).

Besson, C.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High brightness 1.5 μm pulsed fiber laser for lidar: from fibers to systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[Crossref]

Beyon, J. Y.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, P. J. Petzar, M. Petros, J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, M. J. Kavaya, U. N. Singh, E. A. Modlin, B. W. Barnes, and B. B. Demoz, “Field-testing of a high-energy 2-μm Doppler lidar,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 4(1), 043512 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bi, D.

Boquillon, J. P.

E. Georgiou, O. Musset, and J. P. Boquillon, “High-efficiency and high-output pulse energy performance of a diode-pumped Er:Yb:glass 1.54-μm laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70(6), 755–762 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bourdon, P.

Bricteux, L.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brooks, C.

Brousmiche, S.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bruneau, D.

Burns, D. L.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hanon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Burns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

Byvik, C. E.

Cadoret, K.

Canat, G.

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, “Eyesafe coherent detection wind lidar based on a beam-combined pulsed laser source,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1030–1033 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lombard, A. Azarian, K. Cadoret, P. Bourdon, D. Goular, G. Canat, V. Jolivet, Y. Jaouën, and O. Vasseur, “Coherent beam combination of narrow-linewidth 1.5 μm fiber amplifiers in a long-pulse regime,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 523–525 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High brightness 1.5 μm pulsed fiber laser for lidar: from fibers to systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Canat, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, J. Kirchhof, V. Jolivet, A. Dolfi, and O. Vasseur, “Multifilament-core fibers for high energy pulse amplification at 1.5 µm with excellent beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2701–2703 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, X.

Cariou, J. P.

J. P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 213–223 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cariou, J.-P.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

Carpenter, L. G.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. V. Kurilichik, J. J. Prentice, J. A. Grant-Jacob, L. G. Carpenter, J. C. Gates, P. G. R. Smith, C. B. E. Gawith, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, and R. W. Eason, “1.6-μm Er:YGG waveguide amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 1989604 (2019).

Cénac, C.

F. Gibert, D. Edouart, C. Cénac, F. Le Mounier, and A. Dumas, “2-μm Ho emitter-based coherent DIAL for CO2 profiling in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3093–3096 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gibert, D. Edouart, C. Cénac, F. Le Mounier, and A. Dumas, “2-μm high-power multi-frequency single-mode Q-switched Ho: YLF laser for DIAL application,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 967–976 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chan, P. W.

P. W. Chan, J. Wurman, and P. Robinson, “Lidar ground-based velocity track display analysis and surface observations of a vortex shedding event observed at the Hong Kong International Airport on April 11, 2011,” Atmosfera 30(4), 275–285 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chang, N. W.-H.

N. W.-H. Chang, D. J. Hosken, J. Munch, D. Ottaway, and P. J. Veitch, “Stable, Single Frequency Er:YAG Lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(7), 1039–1042 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Chen, W.

Clarkson, W. A.

V. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15 mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 1–8 (2004).
[Crossref]

Codemard, C.

V. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15 mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 1–8 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Philippov, C. Codemard, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “High-energy in-fiber pulse amplification for coherent lidar applications,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2590–2592 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Courtney, M.

L. Valldecabres, A. Peña, M. Courtney, L. von Bremen, and M. Kühn, “Very short-term forecast of near-coastal flow using scanning lidars,” Wind Energ. Sci. 3(1), 313–327 (2018).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

Demoz, B. B.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, P. J. Petzar, M. Petros, J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, M. J. Kavaya, U. N. Singh, E. A. Modlin, B. W. Barnes, and B. B. Demoz, “Field-testing of a high-energy 2-μm Doppler lidar,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 4(1), 043512 (2010).
[Crossref]

Di Teodoro, F.

Diao, W.

Dolfi, A.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High brightness 1.5 μm pulsed fiber laser for lidar: from fibers to systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Canat, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, J. Kirchhof, V. Jolivet, A. Dolfi, and O. Vasseur, “Multifilament-core fibers for high energy pulse amplification at 1.5 µm with excellent beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2701–2703 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dolfi-Bouteyre, A.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dong, L.

Dubinskii, M.

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and I. Kudryashov, “Single-frequency, Yb-free, resonantly cladding-pumped large mode area Er fiber amplifier for power scaling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 031111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dumas, A.

F. Gibert, D. Edouart, C. Cénac, F. Le Mounier, and A. Dumas, “2-μm Ho emitter-based coherent DIAL for CO2 profiling in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3093–3096 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gibert, D. Edouart, C. Cénac, F. Le Mounier, and A. Dumas, “2-μm high-power multi-frequency single-mode Q-switched Ho: YLF laser for DIAL application,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 967–976 (2014).
[Crossref]

Durecu, A.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

Eacock, J. R.

Eason, R. W.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. V. Kurilichik, J. J. Prentice, J. A. Grant-Jacob, L. G. Carpenter, J. C. Gates, P. G. R. Smith, C. B. E. Gawith, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, and R. W. Eason, “1.6-μm Er:YGG waveguide amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 1989604 (2019).

J. I. Mackenzie, J. A. Grant-Jacob, S. Beecher, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, D. P. Shepherd, and R. W. Eason, “Er:YGG planar waveguides grown by pulsed laser deposition for lidar applications,” Proc. SPIE 10082, 100820A (2017).

Edouart, D.

F. Gibert, D. Edouart, C. Cénac, F. Le Mounier, and A. Dumas, “2-μm Ho emitter-based coherent DIAL for CO2 profiling in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3093–3096 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gibert, D. Edouart, C. Cénac, F. Le Mounier, and A. Dumas, “2-μm high-power multi-frequency single-mode Q-switched Ho: YLF laser for DIAL application,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 967–976 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, L.

Flamant, P. H.

Fleury, D.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

Frantz, L. M.

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of Pulse Propagation in a Laser Amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(8), 2346–2349 (1963).
[Crossref]

Fu, X.

Fukuoka, H.

Gao, C.

Gates, J. C.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. V. Kurilichik, J. J. Prentice, J. A. Grant-Jacob, L. G. Carpenter, J. C. Gates, P. G. R. Smith, C. B. E. Gawith, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, and R. W. Eason, “1.6-μm Er:YGG waveguide amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 1989604 (2019).

Gatt, P.

R. C. Stoneman, R. Hartman, A. I. R. Malm, and P. Gatt, “Coherent laser radar using eyesafe YAG laser transmitters,” Proc. SPIE 5791, 167–174 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gawith, C. B. E.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. V. Kurilichik, J. J. Prentice, J. A. Grant-Jacob, L. G. Carpenter, J. C. Gates, P. G. R. Smith, C. B. E. Gawith, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, and R. W. Eason, “1.6-μm Er:YGG waveguide amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 1989604 (2019).

Georgiou, E.

E. Georgiou, O. Musset, and J. P. Boquillon, “High-efficiency and high-output pulse energy performance of a diode-pumped Er:Yb:glass 1.54-μm laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70(6), 755–762 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gibert, F.

Gong, M.

Goular, D.

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, “Eyesafe coherent detection wind lidar based on a beam-combined pulsed laser source,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1030–1033 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. I. Mackenzie, J. A. Grant-Jacob, S. Beecher, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, D. P. Shepherd, and R. W. Eason, “Er:YGG planar waveguides grown by pulsed laser deposition for lidar applications,” Proc. SPIE 10082, 100820A (2017).

Roberts, P. J.

Robinson, P.

P. W. Chan, J. Wurman, and P. Robinson, “Lidar ground-based velocity track display analysis and surface observations of a vortex shedding event observed at the Hong Kong International Airport on April 11, 2011,” Atmosfera 30(4), 275–285 (2017).
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T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “1.5-μm high average power laser amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852604 (2012).
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T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “3.2 mJ, 1.5-μm laser power amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. 17th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2013).

K. Hirosawa, T. Sakimura, N. Samejima, T. Yanagisawa, and S. Kameyama, “9-mJ laser amplifier at 1540 nm for a coherent lidar system with 250 Hz repetition,” Proc. of 19th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2018).

Samejima, N.

K. Hirosawa, T. Sakimura, N. Samejima, T. Yanagisawa, and S. Kameyama, “9-mJ laser amplifier at 1540 nm for a coherent lidar system with 250 Hz repetition,” Proc. of 19th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2018).

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Shepherd, D. P.

J. I. Mackenzie, J. A. Grant-Jacob, S. Beecher, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, D. P. Shepherd, and R. W. Eason, “Er:YGG planar waveguides grown by pulsed laser deposition for lidar applications,” Proc. SPIE 10082, 100820A (2017).

Singh, U. N.

U. N. Singh, B. M. Walsh, J. Yu, M. Petros, M. J. Kavaya, T. F. Refaat, and N. P. Barnes, “Twenty years of Tm: Ho:YLF and LuLiF laser development for global wind and carbon dioxide active remote sensing,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(4), 827–837 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, P. J. Petzar, M. Petros, J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, M. J. Kavaya, U. N. Singh, E. A. Modlin, B. W. Barnes, and B. B. Demoz, “Field-testing of a high-energy 2-μm Doppler lidar,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 4(1), 043512 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, E. A. Modlin, U. N. Singh, M. J. Kavaya, S. Chen, Y. Bai, P. J. Petzar, and M. Petros, “1 J/pulse Q-switched 2 µm solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(4), 462–464 (2006).
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J. Yu, U. N. Singh, N. P. Barnes, and M. Petros, “125-mJ diode-pumped injection-seeded Ho:Tm:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 780–782 (1998).
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J. I. Mackenzie, S. V. Kurilichik, J. J. Prentice, J. A. Grant-Jacob, L. G. Carpenter, J. C. Gates, P. G. R. Smith, C. B. E. Gawith, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, and R. W. Eason, “1.6-μm Er:YGG waveguide amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 1989604 (2019).

Sorbello, G.

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S. Kameyama, T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “Wind sensing demonstration of more than 30 km measurable range with a 1.5 μm coherent Doppler lidar which has the laser amplifier using Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 85260E (2012).
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T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “3.2 mJ, 1.5-μm laser power amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. 17th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2013).

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G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, P. J. Petzar, M. Petros, J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, M. J. Kavaya, U. N. Singh, E. A. Modlin, B. W. Barnes, and B. B. Demoz, “Field-testing of a high-energy 2-μm Doppler lidar,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 4(1), 043512 (2010).
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L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, “Eyesafe coherent detection wind lidar based on a beam-combined pulsed laser source,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1030–1033 (2015).
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S. Kameyama, T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “Wind sensing demonstration of more than 30 km measurable range with a 1.5 μm coherent Doppler lidar which has the laser amplifier using Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 85260E (2012).
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T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “1.5-μm high average power laser amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852604 (2012).
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S. Kameyama, T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “Wind sensing demonstration of more than 30 km measurable range with a 1.5 μm coherent Doppler lidar which has the laser amplifier using Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 85260E (2012).
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K. Hirosawa, T. Sakimura, N. Samejima, T. Yanagisawa, and S. Kameyama, “9-mJ laser amplifier at 1540 nm for a coherent lidar system with 250 Hz repetition,” Proc. of 19th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2018).

M. Imaki, K. Hirosawa, T. Yanagisawa, and S. Kameyama, “First measurement results of water vapor profile using 1.53 micron coherent differential absorption LIDAR,” Proc. of 19th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2018).

Yang, Y.

Yu, A. W.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. V. Kurilichik, J. J. Prentice, J. A. Grant-Jacob, L. G. Carpenter, J. C. Gates, P. G. R. Smith, C. B. E. Gawith, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, and R. W. Eason, “1.6-μm Er:YGG waveguide amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 1989604 (2019).

J. I. Mackenzie, J. A. Grant-Jacob, S. Beecher, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, D. P. Shepherd, and R. W. Eason, “Er:YGG planar waveguides grown by pulsed laser deposition for lidar applications,” Proc. SPIE 10082, 100820A (2017).

Yu, J.

U. N. Singh, B. M. Walsh, J. Yu, M. Petros, M. J. Kavaya, T. F. Refaat, and N. P. Barnes, “Twenty years of Tm: Ho:YLF and LuLiF laser development for global wind and carbon dioxide active remote sensing,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(4), 827–837 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, P. J. Petzar, M. Petros, J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, M. J. Kavaya, U. N. Singh, E. A. Modlin, B. W. Barnes, and B. B. Demoz, “Field-testing of a high-energy 2-μm Doppler lidar,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 4(1), 043512 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, E. A. Modlin, U. N. Singh, M. J. Kavaya, S. Chen, Y. Bai, P. J. Petzar, and M. Petros, “1 J/pulse Q-switched 2 µm solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(4), 462–464 (2006).
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J. Yu, U. N. Singh, N. P. Barnes, and M. Petros, “125-mJ diode-pumped injection-seeded Ho:Tm:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 780–782 (1998).
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S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hanon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Burns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
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Zhang, J.

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and I. Kudryashov, “Single-frequency, Yb-free, resonantly cladding-pumped large mode area Er fiber amplifier for power scaling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 031111 (2008).
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Zhang, X.

Zhu, S.

Zhu, X.

Appl. Opt. (8)

C. J. Karlsson, F. Å. A. Olsson, D. Letalick, and M. Harris, “All-fiber multifunction continuous wave coherent laser radar at 1.55 μm for range, speed, vibration, and wind measurement,” Appl. Opt. 39(21), 3716–3726 (2000).
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S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, Y. Hirano, and S. Wadaka, “Compact all-fiber pulsed coherent Doppler lidar system for wind sensing,” Appl. Opt. 46(11), 1953–1962 (2007).
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S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, B. Philippe, H. Iwai, T. Aoki, T. Itabe, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Coherent 2 µm differential absorption and wind lidar with conductively cooled laser and two-axis scanning device,” Appl. Opt. 49(10), 1809–1817 (2010).
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S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, and Y. Hirano, “Semianalytic pulsed coherent laser radar equation for coaxial and apertured systems using nearest Gaussian approximation,” Appl. Opt. 49(27), 5169–5174 (2010).
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X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, X. Zhu, Y. Yang, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Eye-safe single-frequency single-mode polarized all-fiber pulsed laser with peak power of 361 W,” Appl. Opt. 53(11), 2465–2469 (2014).
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K. Mizutani, T. Itabe, S. Ishii, M. Aoki, K. Asai, A. Sato, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, and K. Noda, “Diode-pumped 2-μm pulse laser with noncomposite Tm,Ho:YLF rod conduction-cooled down to -80°C,” Appl. Opt. 54(26), 7865–7869 (2015).
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Appl. Phys. B (3)

F. Gibert, D. Edouart, C. Cénac, F. Le Mounier, and A. Dumas, “2-μm high-power multi-frequency single-mode Q-switched Ho: YLF laser for DIAL application,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 967–976 (2014).
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X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115(1), 123–127 (2014).
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Appl. Phys. Express (1)

E. Haraguchi, H. Ono, and T. Ando, “Optical frequency deviation compensation using pulsed serrodyne technique on coherent laser transmitter for wind sensing lidar,” Appl. Phys. Express 12(5), 052006 (2019).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and I. Kudryashov, “Single-frequency, Yb-free, resonantly cladding-pumped large mode area Er fiber amplifier for power scaling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 031111 (2008).
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Atmosfera (1)

P. W. Chan, J. Wurman, and P. Robinson, “Lidar ground-based velocity track display analysis and surface observations of a vortex shedding event observed at the Hong Kong International Airport on April 11, 2011,” Atmosfera 30(4), 275–285 (2017).
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C. R. Phys. (1)

J. P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 213–223 (2006).
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Chin. Opt. Lett. (3)

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High brightness 1.5 μm pulsed fiber laser for lidar: from fibers to systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. W.-H. Chang, D. J. Hosken, J. Munch, D. Ottaway, and P. J. Veitch, “Stable, Single Frequency Er:YAG Lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(7), 1039–1042 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augère, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J.-P. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, “Pulsed 1.5-μm lidar for axial aircraft wake vortex detection based on high-brightness large-core fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 441–450 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Sato, M. Aoki, S. Ishii, R. Otsuka, K. Mizutani, and S. Ochiai, “7.28-W, high-energy, conductively cooled, Q-switched Tm,Ho:YLF laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 134–137 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hanon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Burns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. On Geosci. Rem. Sens. (1)

S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, Y. Hirano, and S. Wadaka, “Performance of discrete-Fourier-transform based velocity estimators for a wind-sensing coherent Doppler lidar system in the Kolomogorov turbulence regime,” IEEE Trans. On Geosci. Rem. Sens. 47(10), 3570–3579 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of Pulse Propagation in a Laser Amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(8), 2346–2349 (1963).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Remote Sens. (1)

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, P. J. Petzar, M. Petros, J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, M. J. Kavaya, U. N. Singh, E. A. Modlin, B. W. Barnes, and B. B. Demoz, “Field-testing of a high-energy 2-μm Doppler lidar,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 4(1), 043512 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (14)

J. Yu, B. C. Trieu, E. A. Modlin, U. N. Singh, M. J. Kavaya, S. Chen, Y. Bai, P. J. Petzar, and M. Petros, “1 J/pulse Q-switched 2 µm solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(4), 462–464 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Philippov, C. Codemard, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “High-energy in-fiber pulse amplification for coherent lidar applications,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2590–2592 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yanagisawa, K. Asaka, K. Hamazu, and Y. Hirano, “11-mJ, 15-Hz single-frequency diode-pumped Q-switched Er, Yb:phosphate glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 26(16), 1262–1264 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, “Eyesafe coherent detection wind lidar based on a beam-combined pulsed laser source,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1030–1033 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lombard, A. Azarian, K. Cadoret, P. Bourdon, D. Goular, G. Canat, V. Jolivet, Y. Jaouën, and O. Vasseur, “Coherent beam combination of narrow-linewidth 1.5 μm fiber amplifiers in a long-pulse regime,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 523–525 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Canat, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, J. Kirchhof, V. Jolivet, A. Dolfi, and O. Vasseur, “Multifilament-core fibers for high energy pulse amplification at 1.5 µm with excellent beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2701–2703 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gibert, D. Edouart, C. Cénac, F. Le Mounier, and A. Dumas, “2-μm Ho emitter-based coherent DIAL for CO2 profiling in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3093–3096 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nie, Q. Liu, E. Ji, X. Cao, X. Fu, and M. Gong, “Active pulse shaping for end-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with high gain,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1051–1054 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Mizutani, S. Ishii, M. Aoki, H. Iwai, R. Otsuka, H. Fukuoka, T. Isikawa, and A. Sato, “2 μm Doppler wind lidar with a Tm:fiber-laser-pumped Ho:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 43(2), 202–205 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, R. L. Byer, and C. E. Byvik, “Coherent laser radar at 1.06 µm using Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Lett. 12(4), 239–241 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Kavaya, S. W. Henderson, J. R. Magee, C. P. Hale, and R. M. Huffaker, “Remote wind profiling with a solid-state Nd:YAG coherent lidar system,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 776–778 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Henderson, C. P. Hale, J. R. Magee, M. J. Kavaya, and A. V. Huffaker, “Eye-safe coherent laser radar system at 2.1 µm using Tm,Ho:YAG lasers,” Opt. Lett. 16(10), 773–775 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Laporta, S. De Silvestri, V. Magni, and O. Svelto, “Diode-pumped cw bulk Er:Yb:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16(24), 1952–1954 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yu, U. N. Singh, N. P. Barnes, and M. Petros, “125-mJ diode-pumped injection-seeded Ho:Tm:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 780–782 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. (1)

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical proper ties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2–3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Proc. IEEE (2)

R. M. Huffaker and R. M. Hardesty, “Remote sensing of atmospheric wind velocities using solid-state and CO2 coherent laser systems,” Proc. IEEE 84(2), 181–204 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. M. Vaughan, K. O. Steinvall, C. Werner, and P. H. Flamant, “Coherent laser radar in Europe,” Proc. IEEE 84(2), 205–226 (1996).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (7)

V. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15 mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 1–8 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Asaka, T. Yanagisawa, and Y. Hirano, “1.5-μm eye-safe coherent lidar system for wind velocity measurement,” Proc. SPIE 4153, 321–328 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. I. Mackenzie, J. A. Grant-Jacob, S. Beecher, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, D. P. Shepherd, and R. W. Eason, “Er:YGG planar waveguides grown by pulsed laser deposition for lidar applications,” Proc. SPIE 10082, 100820A (2017).

J. I. Mackenzie, S. V. Kurilichik, J. J. Prentice, J. A. Grant-Jacob, L. G. Carpenter, J. C. Gates, P. G. R. Smith, C. B. E. Gawith, H. Riris, A. W. Yu, and R. W. Eason, “1.6-μm Er:YGG waveguide amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 1989604 (2019).

T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “1.5-μm high average power laser amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852604 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Kameyama, T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “Wind sensing demonstration of more than 30 km measurable range with a 1.5 μm coherent Doppler lidar which has the laser amplifier using Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 85260E (2012).
[Crossref]

R. C. Stoneman, R. Hartman, A. I. R. Malm, and P. Gatt, “Coherent laser radar using eyesafe YAG laser transmitters,” Proc. SPIE 5791, 167–174 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wind Energ. Sci. (1)

L. Valldecabres, A. Peña, M. Courtney, L. von Bremen, and M. Kühn, “Very short-term forecast of near-coastal flow using scanning lidars,” Wind Energ. Sci. 3(1), 313–327 (2018).
[Crossref]

Other (10)

T. Ando, S. Kameyama, and Y. Hirano, “All-fiber coherent Doppler lidar technologies at Mitsubishi Electric Corporation,” in IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 1, 012011 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, Y. Hirano, H. Tanaka, and H. Inokuchi, “All-fiber coherent Doppler LIDAR for wind sensing,” MRS Proc. 1076, 1076–K04–05 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Inokuchi, T. Akiyama, and K. Sasaki, “Flight demonstration of a long range onboard Doppler lidar,” in 31st Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2018), 3960–3966.

T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “1.5-μm high gain and high power laser amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. CLEO: Science and Innovations. Optical Society of America, CTu2D.7 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Sakimura, Y. Watanabe, T. Ando, S. Kameyama, K. Asaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yanagisawa, Y. Hirano, and H. Inokuchi, “3.2 mJ, 1.5-μm laser power amplifier using an Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide for coherent Doppler LIDAR,” Proc. 17th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2013).

H. Inokuchi, M. Furuta, and T. Inagaki, “High altitude turbulence detection using an airborne Doppler lidar,” in 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS, 2014), paper ICAS2014_0208.

K. Hirosawa, T. Sakimura, T. Yanagisawa, and S. Kameyama, “7.4 mJ laser amplifier at 1531.4 nm for water vapor differential absorption lidar (DIAL),” Proc. Advanced Solid State Lasers. Optical Society of America, JTh2A.23 (2017).

K. Hirosawa, T. Sakimura, N. Samejima, T. Yanagisawa, and S. Kameyama, “9-mJ laser amplifier at 1540 nm for a coherent lidar system with 250 Hz repetition,” Proc. of 19th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2018).

M. Imaki, K. Hirosawa, T. Yanagisawa, and S. Kameyama, “First measurement results of water vapor profile using 1.53 micron coherent differential absorption LIDAR,” Proc. of 19th Coherent Laser Radar Conference (2018).

Y. Takada, K. Hirosawa, S. Kameyama, and T. Yanagisawa, “Small-sized Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide laser amplifier pumped by a laser diode bar,” Proc. Advanced Solid State Lasers. Optical Society of America ATh2A.23 (2018).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Cross sectional image of the double-clad Er,Yb:glass planar waveguide.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Configuration of the multi-bounce optical path amplifier.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Pulse shape of input signal beam to the fiber amplifier (after the AOM).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) ASE output power. (b) Spectrum of the ASE output.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Average output power of the pulsed signal and ASE. (b) Spectrum of pulsed signal at the highest output power (12.8 W). The inset is an enlargement around the 1550 nm peak. (c) Output pulse shape.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Beam radius vs. distance from focusing lens (f = 200 mm). (b) Beam pattern at focal point (205 mm as in (a)).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Configuration of the CDL.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Range dependence of detectability for horizontal path measurement (100 consecutive data points are plotted). (b) Range dependence of LOS velocity for horizontal path measurement (100 consecutive data points are plotted). (c) LOS velocity at a range of 33.7 km for 100 consecutive data points
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Range dependence of detectability for vertical path measurement (50 consecutive data points are plotted). (b) Range dependence of LOS velocity for vertical path measurement (50 consecutive data points are plotted).

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