Abstract

Raman-scattering-assisted noise-like pulse (NLP) generation was achieved by using an appropriate segment of high nonlinearity fiber in an erbium-doped fiber laser. Broadband spectrum with 203 nm 3-dB bandwidth was obtained, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the broadest bandwidth achieved for NLPs. The broadband operation is the result of tailored cavity design, which optimizes various effects including the Raman scattering effect to maximize the bandwidth of NLPs. Further broadening the NLP spectrum up to 294 nm was achieved by using spectral filtering outside the cavity with a polarization beam splitter.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  7. K. Ozgören, B. Oktem, S. Yilmaz, and F.Ö. Ilday, “83 W, 3.1 MHz, square-shaped, 1 ns-pulsed all-fiber-integrated laser for micromachining,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17647–17652 (2011).
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    [Crossref]
  9. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, J. Wu, X. Q. Fu, and S. C. Wen, “Noise-like pulse in a gain-guided soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2145–2150 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. J. Li, D. Y. Shen, L. Li, H. Chen, D. Y. Tang, and L. M. Zhao, “Raman-scattering-assistant broadband noise-like pulse generation in all-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25889–25895 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (1)

2017 (1)

J. W. Chen and L. M. Zhao, “Noise-like pulsed fiber lasers,” Laser & Optoelectronics Progress 54(11), 110002 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

J. F. Li, Z. X. Zhang, Z. Y. Sun, H. Y. Luo, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, C. B. Mou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “All-fiber passively mode-locked Tm-doped NOLM-based oscillator operating at 2-µm in both soliton and noisy-pulse regimes,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7875–7882 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, and Q. Y. Ning, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. S. Li, B. T. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. F. J. Runge, C. Aguergaray, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Coherence and shot-to-shot spectral fluctuations in noise-like ultrafast fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 38(21), 4327–4330 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga and Y. Jeong, “Super-broadband noise-like pulse erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a highly nonlinear fiber for Raman gain enhancement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1549–1551 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm Bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “87-nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 399–400 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Aguergaray, C.

Barad, Y.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Chang, W. C.

Chen, H.

Chen, J. W.

J. W. Chen and L. M. Zhao, “Noise-like pulsed fiber lasers,” Laser & Optoelectronics Progress 54(11), 110002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, K. P.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. S. Li, B. T. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. P.

Chen, T.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. S. Li, B. T. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, T. H.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm Bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

Erkintalo, M.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Fu, X. Q.

Fujimoto, J.G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Horowitz, M.

Hou, J.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ilday, F.Ö.

Jeong, Y.

L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga and Y. Jeong, “Super-broadband noise-like pulse erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a highly nonlinear fiber for Raman gain enhancement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1549–1551 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z. F.

Keren, S.

Kikuchi, K.

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “87-nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 399–400 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, D. J.

Li, J. F.

Li, L.

Li, M. S.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. S. Li, B. T. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liao, T. Y.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Lin, J. H.

Liu, H.

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, and Q. Y. Ning, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Lu, C.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm Bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y. F.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. S. Li, B. T. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luo, H. Y.

Luo, Z. C.

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, and Q. Y. Ning, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mou, C. B.

Ning, Q. Y.

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, and Q. Y. Ning, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Oktem, B.

Ozeki, Y.

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “87-nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 399–400 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ozgören, K.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Runge, A. F. J.

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Shen, D. Y.

Silberberg, Y.

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z. Y.

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Takushima, Y.

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “87-nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 399–400 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tam, H. Y.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm Bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

D. J. Li, D. Y. Shen, L. Li, H. Chen, D. Y. Tang, and L. M. Zhao, “Raman-scattering-assistant broadband noise-like pulse generation in all-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25889–25895 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and H. Zhang, “Dissipative soliton generation in an Yb-fiber laser with an invisible intra cavity band-pass filter,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2756–2758 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm Bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, J. Wu, X. Q. Fu, and S. C. Wen, “Noise-like pulse in a gain-guided soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2145–2150 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[Crossref]

Turitsyn, S. K.

Vazquez-Zuniga, L. A.

L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga and Y. Jeong, “Super-broadband noise-like pulse erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a highly nonlinear fiber for Raman gain enhancement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1549–1551 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. Q.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. S. Li, B. T. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

Wu, J.

Wu, X.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and H. Zhang, “Dissipative soliton generation in an Yb-fiber laser with an invisible intra cavity band-pass filter,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2756–2758 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z. J.

Yang, C. Y.

Yasunaka, K.

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “87-nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 399–400 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yilmaz, S.

Zhang, B. T.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. S. Li, B. T. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and H. Zhang, “Dissipative soliton generation in an Yb-fiber laser with an invisible intra cavity band-pass filter,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2756–2758 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Z. X.

Zhao, L. M.

J. W. Chen and L. M. Zhao, “Noise-like pulsed fiber lasers,” Laser & Optoelectronics Progress 54(11), 110002 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. J. Li, D. Y. Shen, L. Li, H. Chen, D. Y. Tang, and L. M. Zhao, “Raman-scattering-assistant broadband noise-like pulse generation in all-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25889–25895 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and H. Zhang, “Dissipative soliton generation in an Yb-fiber laser with an invisible intra cavity band-pass filter,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2756–2758 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm Bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, J. Wu, X. Q. Fu, and S. C. Wen, “Noise-like pulse in a gain-guided soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2145–2150 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhao, N.

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, and Q. Y. Ning, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X. W.

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, and Q. Y. Ning, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, and Q. Y. Ning, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. S. Li, B. T. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, “87-nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 399–400 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga and Y. Jeong, “Super-broadband noise-like pulse erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a highly nonlinear fiber for Raman gain enhancement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1549–1551 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laser & Optoelectronics Progress (1)

J. W. Chen and L. M. Zhao, “Noise-like pulsed fiber lasers,” Laser & Optoelectronics Progress 54(11), 110002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm Bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J.G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of the fiber laser. EDF: Erbium-doped fiber; WDM: wavelength division multiplexer; HNLF: high nonlinear fiber; OC: output coupler; PC1/PC2: polarization controller; ISO: isolator; SMF: single mode fiber; UHNAF: ultrahigh numerical aperture fiber.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Optical spectrum of NLPs, and (b) single NLP with duration of 0.75 ns, and (c) typical oscilloscope trace of NLPs, and (d) auto-correlation trace of NLPs.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) RF spectrum of the output pulse (b) the broadband RF spectrum.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Dependence of spectral bandwidth on pump power.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Experimental setup of external polarization projection system. PC: polarization controller; PBS: polarization beam splitter.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Spectra of NLPs resolved in horizontal axis (a) and vertical axis (b).

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