Abstract

We numerically study the physical mechanism of the chirp compensation of the attosecond XUV pulses obtained by high-order harmonic generation. We show by detailed analysis that the macroscopic aspects of fundamental pulse propagation are essential in the formation and temporal-spectral-spatial properties of the attosecond pulses. Partial chirp compensation is already achievable due to the self-phase-modulation of the fundamental pulse. Further, by propagating the attosecond pulses in preformed plasma, we can fully compensate the inherent positive chirp of the attosecond pulses which were built up from the short electron trajectories in the harmonic generation process.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  12. B. Major, K. Kovács, V. Tosa, P. Rudawski, A. L’Huillier, and K. Varjú, “The effect of plasma-core induced self-guiding on phase matching of high-order harmonic generation in gases,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36, 1594–1601 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  13. V. Cardin, B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, S. Beaulieu, V. Wanie, and M. Negro, “Self-channelled high harmonic generation of water window soft x-rays,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 51, 174004 (2018).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

2018 (4)

2016 (1)

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

K. Kovacs and V. Tosa, “Quantum trajectories of electrons in arbitrary laser fields,” J. Mod. Opt. 57, 977–983 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-Compression of Attosecond High-Order Harmonic Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Varjú, Y. Mairesse, B. Carré, M. B. Gaarde, and P. Johnsson, “Frequency chirp of harmonic and attosecond pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 379–394 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

S. Kazamias and P. Balcou, “Intrinsic chirp of attosecond pulses : Single-atom model versus experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063416 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

V. Tosa, E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of high-order harmonics in a self-guided beam,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 063817 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. Butler, D. J. Spence, and S. M. Hooker, “Guiding of High-Intensity Laser Pulses with a Hydrogen-Filled Capillary Discharge Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 185003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antipov, S.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baik, M.-G.

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[Crossref]

Balcou, P.

S. Kazamias and P. Balcou, “Intrinsic chirp of attosecond pulses : Single-atom model versus experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063416 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balogh, E.

Beaulieu, S.

V. Cardin, B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, S. Beaulieu, V. Wanie, and M. Negro, “Self-channelled high harmonic generation of water window soft x-rays,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 51, 174004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bergues, B.

Bobrova, N. A.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bulanov, S. S.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Butler, A.

A. Butler, D. J. Spence, and S. M. Hooker, “Guiding of High-Intensity Laser Pulses with a Hydrogen-Filled Capillary Discharge Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 185003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butler, J. E.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cardin, V.

V. Cardin, B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, S. Beaulieu, V. Wanie, and M. Negro, “Self-channelled high harmonic generation of water window soft x-rays,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 51, 174004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Carré, B.

K. Varjú, Y. Mairesse, B. Carré, M. B. Gaarde, and P. Johnsson, “Frequency chirp of harmonic and attosecond pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 379–394 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chang, Z.

Charalambidis, D.

Corkum, P. B.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Daniels, J.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gaarde, M. B.

K. Varjú, Y. Mairesse, B. Carré, M. B. Gaarde, and P. Johnsson, “Frequency chirp of harmonic and attosecond pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 379–394 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gonsalves, A. J.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Helml, W.

Hooker, S. M.

A. Butler, D. J. Spence, and S. M. Hooker, “Guiding of High-Intensity Laser Pulses with a Hydrogen-Filled Capillary Discharge Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 185003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Imran, T.

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-Compression of Attosecond High-Order Harmonic Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, M. Y.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnsson, P.

K. Varjú, Y. Mairesse, B. Carré, M. B. Gaarde, and P. Johnsson, “Frequency chirp of harmonic and attosecond pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 379–394 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, K. S.

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-Compression of Attosecond High-Order Harmonic Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kazamias, S.

S. Kazamias and P. Balcou, “Intrinsic chirp of attosecond pulses : Single-atom model versus experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063416 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kienberger, R.

Kim, C. M.

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. T.

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, I. J.

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. T.

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-Compression of Attosecond High-Order Harmonic Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[Crossref]

Kovacs, K.

Kovács, K.

L’Huillier, A.

B. Major, K. Kovács, V. Tosa, P. Rudawski, A. L’Huillier, and K. Varjú, “The effect of plasma-core induced self-guiding on phase matching of high-order harmonic generation in gases,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36, 1594–1601 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leemans, W. P.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, F.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

López-Martens, R.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mairesse, Y.

K. Varjú, Y. Mairesse, B. Carré, M. B. Gaarde, and P. Johnsson, “Frequency chirp of harmonic and attosecond pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 379–394 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Major, B.

Marcus, G.

Mauritsson, J.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

V. Tosa, E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of high-order harmonics in a self-guided beam,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 063817 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mittelberger, D. E.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nabekawa, Y.

V. Tosa, E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of high-order harmonics in a self-guided beam,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 063817 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nam, C. H.

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-Compression of Attosecond High-Order Harmonic Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[Crossref]

Negro, M.

V. Cardin, B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, S. Beaulieu, V. Wanie, and M. Negro, “Self-channelled high harmonic generation of water window soft x-rays,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 51, 174004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Park, M. N.

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-Compression of Attosecond High-Order Harmonic Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[Crossref]

Persson, A.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pieronek, C.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rivas, D. E.

Rudawski, P.

Salières, P.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sasorov, P. V.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schafer, K. J.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, B. E.

V. Cardin, B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, S. Beaulieu, V. Wanie, and M. Negro, “Self-channelled high harmonic generation of water window soft x-rays,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 51, 174004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Spence, D. J.

A. Butler, D. J. Spence, and S. M. Hooker, “Guiding of High-Intensity Laser Pulses with a Hydrogen-Filled Capillary Discharge Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 185003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Svanberg, S.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takahashi, E.

V. Tosa, E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of high-order harmonics in a self-guided beam,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 063817 (2003).
[Crossref]

Thiré, N.

V. Cardin, B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, S. Beaulieu, V. Wanie, and M. Negro, “Self-channelled high harmonic generation of water window soft x-rays,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 51, 174004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tosa, V.

B. Major, K. Kovács, V. Tosa, P. Rudawski, A. L’Huillier, and K. Varjú, “The effect of plasma-core induced self-guiding on phase matching of high-order harmonic generation in gases,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36, 1594–1601 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. E. Rivas, B. Major, M. Weidman, W. Helml, G. Marcus, R. Kienberger, D. Charalambidis, P. Tzallas, E. Balogh, K. Kovacs, V. Tosa, B. Bergues, K. Varjú, and L. Veisz, “Propagation-enhanced generation of intense high-harmonic continua in the 100-eV spectral region,” Optica 5, 1283–1289 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Kovacs and V. Tosa, “Quantum trajectories of electrons in arbitrary laser fields,” J. Mod. Opt. 57, 977–983 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. Tosa, E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of high-order harmonics in a self-guided beam,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 063817 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tzallas, P.

Umesh, G.

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-Compression of Attosecond High-Order Harmonic Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[Crossref]

Varjú, K.

B. Major, K. Kovács, V. Tosa, P. Rudawski, A. L’Huillier, and K. Varjú, “The effect of plasma-core induced self-guiding on phase matching of high-order harmonic generation in gases,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36, 1594–1601 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. E. Rivas, B. Major, M. Weidman, W. Helml, G. Marcus, R. Kienberger, D. Charalambidis, P. Tzallas, E. Balogh, K. Kovacs, V. Tosa, B. Bergues, K. Varjú, and L. Veisz, “Propagation-enhanced generation of intense high-harmonic continua in the 100-eV spectral region,” Optica 5, 1283–1289 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Varjú, Y. Mairesse, B. Carré, M. B. Gaarde, and P. Johnsson, “Frequency chirp of harmonic and attosecond pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 379–394 (2005).
[Crossref]

Veisz, L.

Villeneuve, D. M.

D. M. Villeneuve, “Attosecond science,” Contemp. Phys. 59, 47–61 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wahlström, C. G.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waldron, W. L.

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wanie, V.

V. Cardin, B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, S. Beaulieu, V. Wanie, and M. Negro, “Self-channelled high harmonic generation of water window soft x-rays,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 51, 174004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Weidman, M.

Contemp. Phys. (1)

D. M. Villeneuve, “Attosecond science,” Contemp. Phys. 59, 47–61 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. J. Gonsalves, F. Liu, N. A. Bobrova, P. V. Sasorov, C. Pieronek, J. Daniels, S. Antipov, J. E. Butler, S. S. Bulanov, W. L. Waldron, D. E. Mittelberger, and W. P. Leemans, “Demonstration of a high repetition rate capillary discharge waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 033302 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

K. Kovacs and V. Tosa, “Quantum trajectories of electrons in arbitrary laser fields,” J. Mod. Opt. 57, 977–983 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Varjú, Y. Mairesse, B. Carré, M. B. Gaarde, and P. Johnsson, “Frequency chirp of harmonic and attosecond pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 379–394 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

V. Cardin, B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, S. Beaulieu, V. Wanie, and M. Negro, “Self-channelled high harmonic generation of water window soft x-rays,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 51, 174004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Kazamias and P. Balcou, “Intrinsic chirp of attosecond pulses : Single-atom model versus experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063416 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Tosa, E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of high-order harmonics in a self-guided beam,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 063817 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. G. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-Compression of Attosecond High-Order Harmonic Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Butler, D. J. Spence, and S. M. Hooker, “Guiding of High-Intensity Laser Pulses with a Hydrogen-Filled Capillary Discharge Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 185003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Laser pulse at the entrance of the gas cell (black solid curve) and after 9 mm propagation (red solid line). The dashed lines show the temporal variation of ionization fraction during the initial and propagated pulse (scale on the right). The inset shows the instantaneous frequency of the laser pulse after 9 mm propagation. The red dot indicates the time within the pulse when the S2 trajectory starts and the blue dot indicates its recombination time. (b) Spatial beam profile during propagation, showing the laser peak intensity. Cylindrical symmetry is assumed in the simulation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Spectrogram of the attosecond pulses (a) at single-dipole level; (b) radially integrated in the near-field. The color scale is logarithmic and covers two orders of magnitude, arbitrary units. Notations S, L, C refer to short, long and cutoff trajectories, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Spectrogram of the attosecond pulses in the far-field. (a) The harmonics have been propagated 1 m in vacuum. (b) The harmonics have been propagated 1 m in the plasma of 150 Torr completely ionized H gas. Color scale is logarithmic and covers two orders of magnitude, arbitrary units. (c) Temporal shape of the attosecond pulses in the far-field. The duration of the dominant pulse S2 is reduced from 170 as (propagated in vacuum) to 102 as after propagated through plasma.

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