Abstract

We investigate spectral responses of two different terahertz (THz) metamaterials of double split ring resonator (DSRR) and the nano slot resonator (NSR) for molecule sensing in low concentration. Two different resonant frequencies of DSRR can be controlled by polarization angle of incident THz beam. For comparison of THz optical characteristics, two NSRs were made as showing the same resonant frequencies as DSRR’s multimode. The monosaccharide molecules of glucose and galactose were detected by these two types of metamaterials matching the resonant frequencies in various concentration. NSR shows higher sensitivity in very low concentration range rather than DSRR, although the behavior was easily saturated in terms of concentration. In contrast, DSRR can cover more broad concentration range with clear linearity especially under high quality factor mode in polarization of 67.5 degree due to the Fano resonance. THz field enhancement distributions were calculated to investigate sensing performance of both sensing chips in qualitative and quantitative manner.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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  6. K. Ajito and Y. Ueno, “THz chemical imaging for biological applications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 293–300 (2011).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  17. P. C. Upadhya, Y. C. Shen, A. G. Davies, and E. H. Linfield, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of polycrystalline saccharides,” Vib. Spectrosc. 35(1-2), 139–143 (2004).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  23. H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y.-M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. J.-H. Kang, D.-S. Kim, and M. Seo, “Terahertz wave interaction with metallic nanostructures,” Nanophotonics 7(5), 763–793 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  25. D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. B. Kang, E. Choi, H.-H. Lee, E. S. Kim, J. H. Woo, J. Kim, T. Y. Hong, J. H. Kim, and J. W. Wu, “Polarization angle control of coherent coupling in metamaterial superlattice for closed mode excitation,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11552–11561 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. L. B. Sheiner and S. L. Beal, “Evaluation of methods for estimating population pharmacokinetic parameters. II. Biexponential model and experimental pharmacokinetic data,” J. Pharmacokinet. Biopharm. 9(5), 635–651 (1981).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. T. Zhang, A. Tao, and S. Yan, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy of Crystalline Glucose and Galactose,” Int. Conf. Bioinform. Biomed. Eng. 978, 1146–1149 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  30. G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (1)

J.-H. Kang, D.-S. Kim, and M. Seo, “Terahertz wave interaction with metallic nanostructures,” Nanophotonics 7(5), 763–793 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, D. Zhao, H. Dong, L. Jiang, Y. Liu, and S. Li, “Terahertz spectra of DNA nucleobase crystals: A joint experimental and computational study,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 179, 255–260 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical Applications of Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y.-M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Oh, S. H. Kim, K. Jeong, Y. Park, Y. M. Huh, J. H. Son, and J. S. Suh, “Measurement depth enhancement in terahertz imaging of biological tissues,” Opt. Express 21(18), 21299–21305 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

K. Ajito and Y. Ueno, “THz chemical imaging for biological applications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 293–300 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging - Modern techniques and applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(1), 124–166 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “Sharp Fano resonances in THz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6312–6319 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

B. Kang, E. Choi, H.-H. Lee, E. S. Kim, J. H. Woo, J. Kim, T. Y. Hong, J. H. Kim, and J. W. Wu, “Polarization angle control of coherent coupling in metamaterial superlattice for closed mode excitation,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11552–11561 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tsukada, M. Tonouchi, Y. Kondo, T. Kiwa, I. Kawayama, and Y. Minami, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

T. Zhang, A. Tao, and S. Yan, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy of Crystalline Glucose and Galactose,” Int. Conf. Bioinform. Biomed. Eng. 978, 1146–1149 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

T. Driscoll, G. O. Andreev, D. N. Basov, S. Palit, S. Y. Cho, N. M. Jokerst, and D. R. Smith, “Tuned permeability in terahertz split-ring resonators for devices and sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 062511 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liu, H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, Y. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for defense and security applications,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1514–1527 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - Explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

P. C. Upadhya, Y. C. Shen, A. G. Davies, and E. H. Linfield, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of polycrystalline saccharides,” Vib. Spectrosc. 35(1-2), 139–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (4)

T. R. Globus, D. L. Woolard, T. Khromova, T. W. Crowe, M. Bykhovskaia, B. L. Gelmont, J. Hesler, and A. C. Samuels, “THz-Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules,” J. Biol. Phys. 29(2-3), 89–100 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Kemp, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, J. A. Cluff, A. J. Fitzgerald, and W. R. Tribe, “Security applications of terahertz technology,” Terahertz Mil. Secur. Appl. 5070, 44–52 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Nagel, F. Richter, P. Haring-Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “A functionalized THz sensor for marker-free DNA analysis,” Phys. Med. Biol. 48(22), 3625–3636 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. Zhbankov, S. P. Firsov, D. D. Grinshpan, J. Baran, M. K. Marchewka, and H. Ratajczak, “Vibrational spectra and noncovalent interactions of carbohydrates molecules,” J. Mol. Struct. 645(1), 9–16 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

B. M. Fischer, M. Walther, and P. Jepsen, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of DNA components studied by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3807–3814 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Walther, P. Plochocka, B. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. Uhd Jepsen, “Collective vibrational modes in biological molecules investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Biopolymers 67(4-5), 310–313 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1981 (1)

L. B. Sheiner and S. L. Beal, “Evaluation of methods for estimating population pharmacokinetic parameters. II. Biexponential model and experimental pharmacokinetic data,” J. Pharmacokinet. Biopharm. 9(5), 635–651 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, K. J.

H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y.-M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, Y. H.

G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ajito, K.

K. Ajito and Y. Ueno, “THz chemical imaging for biological applications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 293–300 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alfaro-Gomez, M.

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Naib, I. A. I.

Andreev, G. O.

T. Driscoll, G. O. Andreev, D. N. Basov, S. Palit, S. Y. Cho, N. M. Jokerst, and D. R. Smith, “Tuned permeability in terahertz split-ring resonators for devices and sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 062511 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bahk, Y. M.

G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bahk, Y.-M.

H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y.-M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baran, J.

R. G. Zhbankov, S. P. Firsov, D. D. Grinshpan, J. Baran, M. K. Marchewka, and H. Ratajczak, “Vibrational spectra and noncovalent interactions of carbohydrates molecules,” J. Mol. Struct. 645(1), 9–16 (2003).
[Crossref]

Barat, R.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - Explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Basov, D. N.

T. Driscoll, G. O. Andreev, D. N. Basov, S. Palit, S. Y. Cho, N. M. Jokerst, and D. R. Smith, “Tuned permeability in terahertz split-ring resonators for devices and sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 062511 (2007).
[Crossref]

Beal, S. L.

L. B. Sheiner and S. L. Beal, “Evaluation of methods for estimating population pharmacokinetic parameters. II. Biexponential model and experimental pharmacokinetic data,” J. Pharmacokinet. Biopharm. 9(5), 635–651 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bykhovskaia, M.

T. R. Globus, D. L. Woolard, T. Khromova, T. W. Crowe, M. Bykhovskaia, B. L. Gelmont, J. Hesler, and A. C. Samuels, “THz-Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules,” J. Biol. Phys. 29(2-3), 89–100 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castillo-Guzman, A. R.

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castro-Camus, E.

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaturvedi, D.

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

H. B. Liu, H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, Y. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for defense and security applications,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1514–1527 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cho, S. Y.

T. Driscoll, G. O. Andreev, D. N. Basov, S. Palit, S. Y. Cho, N. M. Jokerst, and D. R. Smith, “Tuned permeability in terahertz split-ring resonators for devices and sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 062511 (2007).
[Crossref]

Choi, E.

Choi, G.

G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, S. J.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, S. S.

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cluff, J. A.

M. C. Kemp, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, J. A. Cluff, A. J. Fitzgerald, and W. R. Tribe, “Security applications of terahertz technology,” Terahertz Mil. Secur. Appl. 5070, 44–52 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cole, B. E.

M. C. Kemp, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, J. A. Cluff, A. J. Fitzgerald, and W. R. Tribe, “Security applications of terahertz technology,” Terahertz Mil. Secur. Appl. 5070, 44–52 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cooke, D. G.

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging - Modern techniques and applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(1), 124–166 (2011).
[Crossref]

Crowe, T. W.

T. R. Globus, D. L. Woolard, T. Khromova, T. W. Crowe, M. Bykhovskaia, B. L. Gelmont, J. Hesler, and A. C. Samuels, “THz-Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules,” J. Biol. Phys. 29(2-3), 89–100 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davies, A. G.

P. C. Upadhya, Y. C. Shen, A. G. Davies, and E. H. Linfield, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of polycrystalline saccharides,” Vib. Spectrosc. 35(1-2), 139–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

Deshmukh, P.

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Deval, V.

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dong, H.

F. Wang, D. Zhao, H. Dong, L. Jiang, Y. Liu, and S. Li, “Terahertz spectra of DNA nucleobase crystals: A joint experimental and computational study,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 179, 255–260 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Driscoll, T.

T. Driscoll, G. O. Andreev, D. N. Basov, S. Palit, S. Y. Cho, N. M. Jokerst, and D. R. Smith, “Tuned permeability in terahertz split-ring resonators for devices and sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 062511 (2007).
[Crossref]

Federici, J. F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - Explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Firsov, S. P.

R. G. Zhbankov, S. P. Firsov, D. D. Grinshpan, J. Baran, M. K. Marchewka, and H. Ratajczak, “Vibrational spectra and noncovalent interactions of carbohydrates molecules,” J. Mol. Struct. 645(1), 9–16 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fischer, B.

M. Walther, P. Plochocka, B. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. Uhd Jepsen, “Collective vibrational modes in biological molecules investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Biopolymers 67(4-5), 310–313 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, B. M.

B. M. Fischer, M. Walther, and P. Jepsen, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of DNA components studied by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3807–3814 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fitzgerald, A. J.

M. C. Kemp, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, J. A. Cluff, A. J. Fitzgerald, and W. R. Tribe, “Security applications of terahertz technology,” Terahertz Mil. Secur. Appl. 5070, 44–52 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fu, W.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical Applications of Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gary, D.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - Explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gelmont, B. L.

T. R. Globus, D. L. Woolard, T. Khromova, T. W. Crowe, M. Bykhovskaia, B. L. Gelmont, J. Hesler, and A. C. Samuels, “THz-Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules,” J. Biol. Phys. 29(2-3), 89–100 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Globus, T. R.

T. R. Globus, D. L. Woolard, T. Khromova, T. W. Crowe, M. Bykhovskaia, B. L. Gelmont, J. Hesler, and A. C. Samuels, “THz-Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules,” J. Biol. Phys. 29(2-3), 89–100 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grinshpan, D. D.

R. G. Zhbankov, S. P. Firsov, D. D. Grinshpan, J. Baran, M. K. Marchewka, and H. Ratajczak, “Vibrational spectra and noncovalent interactions of carbohydrates molecules,” J. Mol. Struct. 645(1), 9–16 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gupta, A.

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Han, S.

H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y.-M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, S. T.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haring-Bolívar, P.

M. Nagel, F. Richter, P. Haring-Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “A functionalized THz sensor for marker-free DNA analysis,” Phys. Med. Biol. 48(22), 3625–3636 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Helm, H.

M. Walther, P. Plochocka, B. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. Uhd Jepsen, “Collective vibrational modes in biological molecules investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Biopolymers 67(4-5), 310–313 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hernandez-Cardoso, G. G.

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hernandez-Serrano, A. I.

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hesler, J.

T. R. Globus, D. L. Woolard, T. Khromova, T. W. Crowe, M. Bykhovskaia, B. L. Gelmont, J. Hesler, and A. C. Samuels, “THz-Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules,” J. Biol. Phys. 29(2-3), 89–100 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, J. T.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, T. Y.

Huang, F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - Explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Huh, Y. M.

Jeong, K.

Jepsen, P.

B. M. Fischer, M. Walther, and P. Jepsen, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of DNA components studied by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3807–3814 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jepsen, P. U.

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging - Modern techniques and applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(1), 124–166 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L.

F. Wang, D. Zhao, H. Dong, L. Jiang, Y. Liu, and S. Li, “Terahertz spectra of DNA nucleobase crystals: A joint experimental and computational study,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 179, 255–260 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jokerst, N. M.

T. Driscoll, G. O. Andreev, D. N. Basov, S. Palit, S. Y. Cho, N. M. Jokerst, and D. R. Smith, “Tuned permeability in terahertz split-ring resonators for devices and sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 062511 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kang, B.

Kang, J. H.

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kang, J.-H.

J.-H. Kang, D.-S. Kim, and M. Seo, “Terahertz wave interaction with metallic nanostructures,” Nanophotonics 7(5), 763–793 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kang, T.

G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karpowicz, N.

H. B. Liu, H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, Y. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for defense and security applications,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1514–1527 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kawayama, I.

K. Tsukada, M. Tonouchi, Y. Kondo, T. Kiwa, I. Kawayama, and Y. Minami, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kemp, M. C.

M. C. Kemp, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, J. A. Cluff, A. J. Fitzgerald, and W. R. Tribe, “Security applications of terahertz technology,” Terahertz Mil. Secur. Appl. 5070, 44–52 (2003).
[Crossref]

Khromova, T.

T. R. Globus, D. L. Woolard, T. Khromova, T. W. Crowe, M. Bykhovskaia, B. L. Gelmont, J. Hesler, and A. C. Samuels, “THz-Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules,” J. Biol. Phys. 29(2-3), 89–100 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, C.

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, D. S.

G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y.-M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.-S.

J.-H. Kang, D.-S. Kim, and M. Seo, “Terahertz wave interaction with metallic nanostructures,” Nanophotonics 7(5), 763–793 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kim, E. S.

Kim, H. S.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

Kim, J. H.

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Kang, E. Choi, H.-H. Lee, E. S. Kim, J. H. Woo, J. Kim, T. Y. Hong, J. H. Kim, and J. W. Wu, “Polarization angle control of coherent coupling in metamaterial superlattice for closed mode excitation,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11552–11561 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. H.

Kiwa, T.

K. Tsukada, M. Tonouchi, Y. Kondo, T. Kiwa, I. Kawayama, and Y. Minami, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koch, M.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “Sharp Fano resonances in THz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6312–6319 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging - Modern techniques and applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(1), 124–166 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kondo, Y.

K. Tsukada, M. Tonouchi, Y. Kondo, T. Kiwa, I. Kawayama, and Y. Minami, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koo, S. M.

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kumar, A.

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kumar, R.

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kurz, H.

M. Nagel, F. Richter, P. Haring-Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “A functionalized THz sensor for marker-free DNA analysis,” Phys. Med. Biol. 48(22), 3625–3636 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D. K.

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, H.-H.

Lee, J. S.

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, T.

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lemus-Bedolla, E.

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, S.

F. Wang, D. Zhao, H. Dong, L. Jiang, Y. Liu, and S. Li, “Terahertz spectra of DNA nucleobase crystals: A joint experimental and computational study,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 179, 255–260 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Linfield, E. H.

P. C. Upadhya, Y. C. Shen, A. G. Davies, and E. H. Linfield, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of polycrystalline saccharides,” Vib. Spectrosc. 35(1-2), 139–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. B.

H. B. Liu, H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, Y. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for defense and security applications,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1514–1527 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

F. Wang, D. Zhao, H. Dong, L. Jiang, Y. Liu, and S. Li, “Terahertz spectra of DNA nucleobase crystals: A joint experimental and computational study,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 179, 255–260 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical Applications of Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical Applications of Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lopez-Lemus, H. L.

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical Applications of Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marchewka, M. K.

R. G. Zhbankov, S. P. Firsov, D. D. Grinshpan, J. Baran, M. K. Marchewka, and H. Ratajczak, “Vibrational spectra and noncovalent interactions of carbohydrates molecules,” J. Mol. Struct. 645(1), 9–16 (2003).
[Crossref]

Minami, Y.

K. Tsukada, M. Tonouchi, Y. Kondo, T. Kiwa, I. Kawayama, and Y. Minami, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nagel, M.

M. Nagel, F. Richter, P. Haring-Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “A functionalized THz sensor for marker-free DNA analysis,” Phys. Med. Biol. 48(22), 3625–3636 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh, S. J.

Oliveira, F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - Explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Palit, S.

T. Driscoll, G. O. Andreev, D. N. Basov, S. Palit, S. Y. Cho, N. M. Jokerst, and D. R. Smith, “Tuned permeability in terahertz split-ring resonators for devices and sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 062511 (2007).
[Crossref]

Park, D. J.

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, G. S.

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, H. R.

H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y.-M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, J. Y.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, N.

H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y.-M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, N. K.

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, Q. H.

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, S. J.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, W. K.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, Y.

Patil, P. S.

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Planken, P. C. M.

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Plochocka, P.

M. Walther, P. Plochocka, B. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. Uhd Jepsen, “Collective vibrational modes in biological molecules investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Biopolymers 67(4-5), 310–313 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ratajczak, H.

R. G. Zhbankov, S. P. Firsov, D. D. Grinshpan, J. Baran, M. K. Marchewka, and H. Ratajczak, “Vibrational spectra and noncovalent interactions of carbohydrates molecules,” J. Mol. Struct. 645(1), 9–16 (2003).
[Crossref]

Redo-Sanchez, A.

Richter, F.

M. Nagel, F. Richter, P. Haring-Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “A functionalized THz sensor for marker-free DNA analysis,” Phys. Med. Biol. 48(22), 3625–3636 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rojas-Landeros, S. C.

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salas-Gutierrez, I.

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Samuels, A. C.

T. R. Globus, D. L. Woolard, T. Khromova, T. W. Crowe, M. Bykhovskaia, B. L. Gelmont, J. Hesler, and A. C. Samuels, “THz-Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules,” J. Biol. Phys. 29(2-3), 89–100 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schulkin, B.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - Explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Seo, M.

J.-H. Kang, D.-S. Kim, and M. Seo, “Terahertz wave interaction with metallic nanostructures,” Nanophotonics 7(5), 763–793 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seo, M. A.

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sheiner, L. B.

L. B. Sheiner and S. L. Beal, “Evaluation of methods for estimating population pharmacokinetic parameters. II. Biexponential model and experimental pharmacokinetic data,” J. Pharmacokinet. Biopharm. 9(5), 635–651 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Y. C.

P. C. Upadhya, Y. C. Shen, A. G. Davies, and E. H. Linfield, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of polycrystalline saccharides,” Vib. Spectrosc. 35(1-2), 139–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

Smith, D. R.

T. Driscoll, G. O. Andreev, D. N. Basov, S. Palit, S. Y. Cho, N. M. Jokerst, and D. R. Smith, “Tuned permeability in terahertz split-ring resonators for devices and sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 062511 (2007).
[Crossref]

Son, B. H.

G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Son, J. H.

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Oh, S. H. Kim, K. Jeong, Y. Park, Y. M. Huh, J. H. Son, and J. S. Suh, “Measurement depth enhancement in terahertz imaging of biological tissues,” Opt. Express 21(18), 21299–21305 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suh, J. S.

Suwal, O. K.

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

Taday, P. F.

M. C. Kemp, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, J. A. Cluff, A. J. Fitzgerald, and W. R. Tribe, “Security applications of terahertz technology,” Terahertz Mil. Secur. Appl. 5070, 44–52 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tandon, P.

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tao, A.

T. Zhang, A. Tao, and S. Yan, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy of Crystalline Glucose and Galactose,” Int. Conf. Bioinform. Biomed. Eng. 978, 1146–1149 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tonouchi, M.

K. Tsukada, M. Tonouchi, Y. Kondo, T. Kiwa, I. Kawayama, and Y. Minami, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tribe, W. R.

M. C. Kemp, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, J. A. Cluff, A. J. Fitzgerald, and W. R. Tribe, “Security applications of terahertz technology,” Terahertz Mil. Secur. Appl. 5070, 44–52 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tsukada, K.

K. Tsukada, M. Tonouchi, Y. Kondo, T. Kiwa, I. Kawayama, and Y. Minami, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ueno, Y.

K. Ajito and Y. Ueno, “THz chemical imaging for biological applications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 293–300 (2011).
[Crossref]

Uhd Jepsen, P.

M. Walther, P. Plochocka, B. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. Uhd Jepsen, “Collective vibrational modes in biological molecules investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Biopolymers 67(4-5), 310–313 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Upadhya, P. C.

P. C. Upadhya, Y. C. Shen, A. G. Davies, and E. H. Linfield, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of polycrystalline saccharides,” Vib. Spectrosc. 35(1-2), 139–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

Walther, M.

M. Walther, P. Plochocka, B. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. Uhd Jepsen, “Collective vibrational modes in biological molecules investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Biopolymers 67(4-5), 310–313 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. M. Fischer, M. Walther, and P. Jepsen, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of DNA components studied by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3807–3814 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, D. Zhao, H. Dong, L. Jiang, Y. Liu, and S. Li, “Terahertz spectra of DNA nucleobase crystals: A joint experimental and computational study,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 179, 255–260 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watve, J. G.

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Woo, J. H.

Woolard, D. L.

T. R. Globus, D. L. Woolard, T. Khromova, T. W. Crowe, M. Bykhovskaia, B. L. Gelmont, J. Hesler, and A. C. Samuels, “THz-Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules,” J. Biol. Phys. 29(2-3), 89–100 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J. W.

Yan, S.

T. Zhang, A. Tao, and S. Yan, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy of Crystalline Glucose and Galactose,” Int. Conf. Bioinform. Biomed. Eng. 978, 1146–1149 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical Applications of Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical Applications of Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, A. Tao, and S. Yan, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy of Crystalline Glucose and Galactose,” Int. Conf. Bioinform. Biomed. Eng. 978, 1146–1149 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X. C.

H. B. Liu, H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, Y. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for defense and security applications,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1514–1527 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.-C.

Zhao, D.

F. Wang, D. Zhao, H. Dong, L. Jiang, Y. Liu, and S. Li, “Terahertz spectra of DNA nucleobase crystals: A joint experimental and computational study,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 179, 255–260 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, X.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical Applications of Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhbankov, R. G.

R. G. Zhbankov, S. P. Firsov, D. D. Grinshpan, J. Baran, M. K. Marchewka, and H. Ratajczak, “Vibrational spectra and noncovalent interactions of carbohydrates molecules,” J. Mol. Struct. 645(1), 9–16 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhong, H.

H. B. Liu, H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, Y. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for defense and security applications,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1514–1527 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Zhong, A. Redo-Sanchez, and X.-C. Zhang, “Identification and classification of chemicals using terahertz reflective spectroscopic focal-plane imaging system,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9130–9141 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zimdars, D.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - Explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Tsukada, M. Tonouchi, Y. Kondo, T. Kiwa, I. Kawayama, and Y. Minami, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Driscoll, G. O. Andreev, D. N. Basov, S. Palit, S. Y. Cho, N. M. Jokerst, and D. R. Smith, “Tuned permeability in terahertz split-ring resonators for devices and sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 062511 (2007).
[Crossref]

Biopolymers (1)

M. Walther, P. Plochocka, B. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. Uhd Jepsen, “Collective vibrational modes in biological molecules investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Biopolymers 67(4-5), 310–313 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (1)

K. Ajito and Y. Ueno, “THz chemical imaging for biological applications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 293–300 (2011).
[Crossref]

Int. Conf. Bioinform. Biomed. Eng. (1)

T. Zhang, A. Tao, and S. Yan, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy of Crystalline Glucose and Galactose,” Int. Conf. Bioinform. Biomed. Eng. 978, 1146–1149 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Biol. Phys. (1)

T. R. Globus, D. L. Woolard, T. Khromova, T. W. Crowe, M. Bykhovskaia, B. L. Gelmont, J. Hesler, and A. C. Samuels, “THz-Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules,” J. Biol. Phys. 29(2-3), 89–100 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mol. Struct. (2)

R. G. Zhbankov, S. P. Firsov, D. D. Grinshpan, J. Baran, M. K. Marchewka, and H. Ratajczak, “Vibrational spectra and noncovalent interactions of carbohydrates molecules,” J. Mol. Struct. 645(1), 9–16 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Kumar, A. Kumar, V. Deval, A. Gupta, P. Tandon, P. S. Patil, P. Deshmukh, D. Chaturvedi, and J. G. Watve, “Molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT Raman, UV, NMR and THz) investigation and hyperpolarizability studies of 3-(2-Chloro-6-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-thienyl) prop-2-en-1-one,” J. Mol. Struct. 1129, 292–304 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Pharmacokinet. Biopharm. (1)

L. B. Sheiner and S. L. Beal, “Evaluation of methods for estimating population pharmacokinetic parameters. II. Biexponential model and experimental pharmacokinetic data,” J. Pharmacokinet. Biopharm. 9(5), 635–651 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging - Modern techniques and applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(1), 124–166 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y.-M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Choi, Y. M. Bahk, T. Kang, Y. Lee, B. H. Son, Y. H. Ahn, M. Seo, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz Nanoprobing of Semiconductor Surface Dynamics,” Nano Lett. 17(10), 6397–6401 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanophotonics (1)

J.-H. Kang, D.-S. Kim, and M. Seo, “Terahertz wave interaction with metallic nanostructures,” Nanophotonics 7(5), 763–793 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Phys. Med. Biol. (2)

B. M. Fischer, M. Walther, and P. Jepsen, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of DNA components studied by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3807–3814 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nagel, F. Richter, P. Haring-Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “A functionalized THz sensor for marker-free DNA analysis,” Phys. Med. Biol. 48(22), 3625–3636 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. IEEE (1)

H. B. Liu, H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, Y. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for defense and security applications,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1514–1527 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (3)

D. K. Lee, J. H. Kang, J. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, C. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, J. H. Son, Q. H. Park, and M. Seo, “Highly sensitive and selective sugar detection by terahertz nano-antennas,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15459 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - Explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. (1)

F. Wang, D. Zhao, H. Dong, L. Jiang, Y. Liu, and S. Li, “Terahertz spectra of DNA nucleobase crystals: A joint experimental and computational study,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 179, 255–260 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Terahertz Mil. Secur. Appl. (1)

M. C. Kemp, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, J. A. Cluff, A. J. Fitzgerald, and W. R. Tribe, “Security applications of terahertz technology,” Terahertz Mil. Secur. Appl. 5070, 44–52 (2003).
[Crossref]

Trends Biotechnol. (1)

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical Applications of Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vib. Spectrosc. (1)

P. C. Upadhya, Y. C. Shen, A. G. Davies, and E. H. Linfield, “Far-infrared vibrational modes of polycrystalline saccharides,” Vib. Spectrosc. 35(1-2), 139–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Microscope picture of DSRR metamaterial. (b) THz transmittances of DSRR are shown for different polarization angles of incident THz field. Resonances are shown at 1.2THz for polarization angle 67.5° and 1.4THz for polarization angle 0°. (c) A schematic of THz transmission through DSRR covered with monosaccharide sample droplet.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Normalized THz transmittance spectra of DSRR with (a), (c) polarization angle of 0° and (b), (d) polarization angle of 67.5° with glucose and galactose of 3 μg/μL. Green and blue lines denote the measured spectra for glucose and galactose, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The resonant frequency shifts extracted from measurements with DSRR under polarization angle of (a) 67.5° and (b) 0° are plotted showing different fundamental resonance frequencies. The resonant frequency shifts from measurements with NSR of resonance at (c) 1.2 THz and (d) 1.4THz are shown.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The calculated electric field distribution (|Ex|) of (a) DSRR and (b) NSR at the resonance frequency, 1.2 THz. The amplitude of electric field along the dashed lines are depicted in (c) and (d).

Metrics