Abstract

We report on direct generation of optical vortices from a continuous-wave (cw), Gaussian beam pumped doubly resonating optical parametric oscillator (DRO). Using a 30-mm long MgO doped periodically poled lithium tantalate (MgO:sPPLT) crystal based DRO, pumped in the green by a frequency-doubled Yb-fiber laser in Gaussian spatial profile we have generated signal and idler beams in vortex mode of order, l = 1, tunable across 970-1178 nm. Controlling the overlap between the Gaussian pump beam with the fundamental cavity mode of the resonant signal and idler beams of the DRO through the tilt of the pump beam and/or the cavity mirror in transverse plane, we have generated both signal and idler beams in vortex and vortex dipole spatial profiles. Using the theoretical formalism for the vortex beam generation through the superposition of two Gaussian beams we have numerically calculated the spatial profile of the generated beam in close agreement with our experiment results. The generic experimental scheme can be used to generate optical vortex across the electromagnetic spectrum and in all time scales (cw to ultrafast) using suitable OPO.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

2017 (1)

2016 (2)

2013 (2)

G. K. Samanta, A. Aadhi, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Continuous-wave, two-crystal, singly-resonant optical parametric oscillator: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9520–9540 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0700105 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

M. Granata, C. Buy, R. Ward, and M. Barsuglia, “Higher-order Laguerre-Gauss mode generation and interferometry for gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 231102 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kraus, M. A. Ahmed, A. Michalowski, A. Voss, R. Weber, and T. Graf, “Microdrilling in steel using ultrashort pulsed laser beams with radial and azimuthal polarization,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22305–22313 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

A. Amon, P. Suret, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and M. Lefranc, “Cooperative oscillation of nondegenerate transverse modes in an optical system: multimode operation in parametric oscillators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photoinitiation and photoinhibition for subdiffraction photolithography,” Science 324(5929), 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. V. Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1-3), 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

’t Hooft, G. W.

Aadhi, A.

Ahmed, M. A.

Allen, L.

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. V. Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1-3), 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Amon, A.

A. Amon, P. Suret, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and M. Lefranc, “Cooperative oscillation of nondegenerate transverse modes in an optical system: multimode operation in parametric oscillators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Apurv Chaitanya, N.

Barsuglia, M.

M. Granata, C. Buy, R. Ward, and M. Barsuglia, “Higher-order Laguerre-Gauss mode generation and interferometry for gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 231102 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. V. Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1-3), 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bernet, S.

Bielawski, S.

A. Amon, P. Suret, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and M. Lefranc, “Cooperative oscillation of nondegenerate transverse modes in an optical system: multimode operation in parametric oscillators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowman, C. N.

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photoinitiation and photoinhibition for subdiffraction photolithography,” Science 324(5929), 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buy, C.

M. Granata, C. Buy, R. Ward, and M. Barsuglia, “Higher-order Laguerre-Gauss mode generation and interferometry for gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 231102 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaitanya Kumar, S.

Derozier, D.

A. Amon, P. Suret, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and M. Lefranc, “Cooperative oscillation of nondegenerate transverse modes in an optical system: multimode operation in parametric oscillators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Devi, K.

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Eliel, E. R.

Esteban-Martin, A.

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0700105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fayaz, G. R.

Fu, X.

Fürhapter, S.

Gong, M.

Graf, T.

Granata, M.

M. Granata, C. Buy, R. Ward, and M. Barsuglia, “Higher-order Laguerre-Gauss mode generation and interferometry for gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 231102 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heckenberg, N. R.

Huguenin, J. A. O.

M. Martinelli, J. A. O. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013812 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jesacher, A.

Khoury, A. Z.

M. Martinelli, J. A. O. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013812 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kloosterboer, J. G.

Kowalski, B. A.

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photoinitiation and photoinhibition for subdiffraction photolithography,” Science 324(5929), 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kraus, M.

Lefranc, M.

A. Amon, P. Suret, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and M. Lefranc, “Cooperative oscillation of nondegenerate transverse modes in an optical system: multimode operation in parametric oscillators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mair, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marrucci, L.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinelli, M.

M. Martinelli, J. A. O. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013812 (2004).
[Crossref]

McDuff, R.

McLeod, R. R.

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photoinitiation and photoinhibition for subdiffraction photolithography,” Science 324(5929), 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meng, Y.

Michalowski, A.

Naik, D. N.

Nussenzveig, P.

M. Martinelli, J. A. O. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013812 (2004).
[Crossref]

Oemrawsingh, S. S.

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pradeep Chakravarthy, T.

Ritsch-Marte, M.

Samanta, G. K.

Scott, T. F.

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photoinitiation and photoinhibition for subdiffraction photolithography,” Science 324(5929), 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharma, V.

Shen, Y.

Smith, C. P.

Sullivan, A. C.

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photoinitiation and photoinhibition for subdiffraction photolithography,” Science 324(5929), 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Z.

Suret, P.

A. Amon, P. Suret, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and M. Lefranc, “Cooperative oscillation of nondegenerate transverse modes in an optical system: multimode operation in parametric oscillators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Houwelingen, J. A.

Vaziri, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veen, H. V.

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. V. Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1-3), 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Verstegen, E. J.

Viswanathan, N. K.

Voss, A.

Ward, R.

M. Granata, C. Buy, R. Ward, and M. Barsuglia, “Higher-order Laguerre-Gauss mode generation and interferometry for gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 231102 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weber, R.

Weihs, G.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, A. G.

Woerdman, J. P.

Zeilinger, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0700105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. V. Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1-3), 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Martinelli, J. A. O. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013812 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. Amon, P. Suret, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and M. Lefranc, “Cooperative oscillation of nondegenerate transverse modes in an optical system: multimode operation in parametric oscillators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Granata, C. Buy, R. Ward, and M. Barsuglia, “Higher-order Laguerre-Gauss mode generation and interferometry for gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 231102 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photoinitiation and photoinhibition for subdiffraction photolithography,” Science 324(5929), 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators” in OSA Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, 2010), Vol. IV, Chap. 17.

R. Uren, S. Beecher, C. R. Smith, and W. A. Clarkson, “Novel method for generating high purity vortex modes,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper SW3M.2.
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the experimental setup. λ/2, half wave plate; L1-3, lenses; PBS, polarizing beam splitter cube; S1-2, wavelength separators; M, mirror; M1-3, DRO cavity mirrors; C1, PPCLT for SHG; C2, PPSLT for DRO.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a,b) Far-field intensity pattern and (c.d) self-interference of the signal and corresponding idler beams generated in absence of any tilt in the Gaussian pump beam. (e,f) Far-field intensity pattern and (g,h) self-interference of the signal and corresponding idler beams generated for the tilt in the Gaussian pump beam.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a-d) Variation of theoretical intensity profile of the resultant beam due to the change in the relative transverse phase between the two superposed Gaussian beams. Measured intensity distribution of (e-h) signal and corresponding (i-l) idler beams of the DRO with the pump beam tilt arising from the tilt of the focusing lens in transverse plane.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a-f) Spatial intensity profile and corresponding (g-l) interference pattern of the output beam at different wavelengths across the tuning range of the DRO.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a,b) Far-field intensity distribution, and (c,d) self-interference pattern of the signal and idler beams confirming the vortex beam generation for curved mirror separation of 127 mm. (e,f) Far-field intensity distribution, and (g,h) interference pattern of the signal and idler beam showing vortex dipole generation for the curve mirror separation of 118 mm.

Equations (3)

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E(x,y)= 2 ASinh[ ( x 2 + y 2 ) 2 w 0 2 ( α 2 1 α 2 )+i ϕ x,y (x,y) ]exp[ ( x 2 + y 2 ) 2 w 0 2 ( α 2 + 1 α 2 ) ]
E 1 (x,y)= A 1 exp[ ( x 2 + y 2 ) w 1 2 ]exp[ i ϕ 1 (x,y) ]
E 2 (x,y)= A 2 exp[ ( x 2 + y 2 ) w 2 2 ]exp[ i ϕ 2 (x,y) ]

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