Abstract

In this article, capillary discharge Ne-like argon 46.9nm soft X-ray laser has been firstly manifested with 4.8mm inner diameter alumina capillary for higher discharge currents. We have designed and installed capillary discharge setup for 4.8mm inner diameter alumina capillary to achieve intense 46.9nm laser. One dimensional Langragian Magneto-hydrodynamics (MHD) code was used to simulate the plasma conditions at the lasing time. The MHD code was used to perform the parametric studies of Z-pinch argon plasma, such as electron temperature, electron density and Ne-like argon ion density. The intensities of capillary discharge 46.9nm laser emitted from 4.8mm inner diameter alumina capillary were measured at 30, 36 and 40kA main discharge currents. According to the results, when the main current amplitude was increased from 30kA to 36kA and 40kA, the intensity of laser produced at optimum pressure increased up to 1.5 and 2 times, respectively. Moreover, we also studied the influence of predischarge current by increasing the predischarge current from 25 to 250A and investigated 140A as the best predischarge current for lasing. Hence, increasing the amplitude of main current using a comparatively larger inner diameter capillary is an effective way to improve intensity of capillary discharge 46.9nm soft X-ray laser. The maximum energy of 46.9nm laser was observed approximately 1.5mJ under best discharge conditions. The discussion has been made on the enhancement of 46.9nm laser intensity for higher main discharge currents and best predischarge current with experimental and simulated results. This is the first observation of 46.9nm laser with 4.8mm inner diameter alumina capillary.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Magnetoelectric Confinement and Stabilization of Z Pinch in a Soft-X-Ray Ar+8 Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 183902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Critical parameters of the pumping scheme of Ar+8 Lasers Excited by Z Pinches in Long Capilaries,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 52(9), 770–775 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

E. N. Abdullin, V. N. Kiselev, A. V. Morozov, and Y. Zhao, “A Current-Pulse Generator with an intermediate Storage for Inductive-Resistive Load Operation,” Instrum. Exp. Tech. 54(4), 504–510 (2011).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

C. A. Tan and K. H. Kwek, “Influence of current prepulse on capillary-discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Rev. A 75(4), 043808 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. A. Tan and K. H. Kwek, “Development of a low current discharge-driven soft x-ray laser,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(16), 4787–4792 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

Y. Zhao, Y. Cheng, B. Luan, Y. Wu, and Q. Wang, “Effects of capillary discharge current on the time of lasing onset of soft x-ray laser at low pressure,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(2), 342–346 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Kolacek, J. Schmidt, V. Prukner, J. Straus, O. Frolov, and M. Martinkova, “Research on high current pulse discharges at IPP ASci CR,” Czech. J. Phys. 56(S2), B259–B266 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. I. Ostashev, A. M. Gafarov, V. Y. Politov, A. N. Shushlebin, L. V. Antonova, O. N. Gilev, A. Safronov, and A. V. Komissarov, “Diagnostics of soft X-ray emission from the plasma of a fast capillary discharge,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 32(6), 489–499 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Shuker, A. Ben-kish, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, and A. Ron, “The effect of pre-pulse on capillary discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Plasmas 13(1), 013102 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

G. Niimi, Y. Hayashi, M. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Observation of multi-pulse soft x-ray lasing in a fast capillary discharge,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(14), 2123–2126 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Ben-Kish, M. Shuker, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, A. Ron, and J. L. Schwob, “Plasma Dynamics in Capillary Discharge Soft X-Ray Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 015002 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

1998 (2)

D. E. Kim, D. S. Kim, and A. L. Osterheld, “Characteristics of populations and gains in neon-like argon (Ar IX),” J. Appl. Phys. 84(11), 5862–5866 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a High Average Power Tabletop Soft X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5804–5807 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Energy Extraction and Achievement of the Saturation Limit in a Discharge-Pumped Table-Top Soft X-Ray Amplifier,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1476–1479 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a Discharge Pumped Table-Top Soft-X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(16), 2192–2195 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abdullin, E. N.

E. N. Abdullin, V. N. Kiselev, A. V. Morozov, and Y. Zhao, “A Current-Pulse Generator with an intermediate Storage for Inductive-Resistive Load Operation,” Instrum. Exp. Tech. 54(4), 504–510 (2011).
[Crossref]

Anderson, E. H.

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

Aneesh, K.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Antonova, L. V.

V. I. Ostashev, A. M. Gafarov, V. Y. Politov, A. N. Shushlebin, L. V. Antonova, O. N. Gilev, A. Safronov, and A. V. Komissarov, “Diagnostics of soft X-ray emission from the plasma of a fast capillary discharge,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 32(6), 489–499 (2006).
[Crossref]

Attwood, D. T.

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barnwal, S.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ben-kish, A.

M. Shuker, A. Ben-kish, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, and A. Ron, “The effect of pre-pulse on capillary discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Plasmas 13(1), 013102 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ben-Kish, M. Shuker, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, A. Ron, and J. L. Schwob, “Plasma Dynamics in Capillary Discharge Soft X-Ray Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 015002 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benware, B. R.

C. D. Macchietto, B. R. Benware, and J. J. Rocca, “Generation of millijoule-level soft-x-ray laser pulses at a 4-Hz repetition rate in a highly saturated tabletop capillary discharge amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24(16), 1115–1117 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a High Average Power Tabletop Soft X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5804–5807 (1998).
[Crossref]

Capeluto, M. G.

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chakera, J. A.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chao, W.

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

Y. Zhao, Y. Cheng, B. Luan, Y. Wu, and Q. Wang, “Effects of capillary discharge current on the time of lasing onset of soft x-ray laser at low pressure,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(2), 342–346 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chilla, J. L. A.

J. Filevich, K. Kanizay, M. C. Marconi, J. L. A. Chilla, and J. J. Rocca, “Dense plasma diagnostics with an amplitude-division soft-x-ray laser interferometer based on diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 25(5), 356–358 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Energy Extraction and Achievement of the Saturation Limit in a Discharge-Pumped Table-Top Soft X-Ray Amplifier,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1476–1479 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a Discharge Pumped Table-Top Soft-X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(16), 2192–2195 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clark, D. P.

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Energy Extraction and Achievement of the Saturation Limit in a Discharge-Pumped Table-Top Soft X-Ray Amplifier,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1476–1479 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cortázar, O. D.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a Discharge Pumped Table-Top Soft-X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(16), 2192–2195 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, H.

Y. Zhao, H. Cui, W. Zhang, W. Li, S. Jiang, and L. Li, “Si and Cu ablation with a 46.9-nm laser focused by a toroidal mirror,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14126–14134 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Faenov, A.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Filevich, J.

Fisher, A.

M. Shuker, A. Ben-kish, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, and A. Ron, “The effect of pre-pulse on capillary discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Plasmas 13(1), 013102 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ben-Kish, M. Shuker, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, A. Ron, and J. L. Schwob, “Plasma Dynamics in Capillary Discharge Soft X-Ray Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 015002 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flora, F.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Frolov, O.

K. Kolacek, J. Schmidt, V. Prukner, J. Straus, O. Frolov, and M. Martinkova, “Research on high current pulse discharges at IPP ASci CR,” Czech. J. Phys. 56(S2), B259–B266 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gafarov, A. M.

V. I. Ostashev, A. M. Gafarov, V. Y. Politov, A. N. Shushlebin, L. V. Antonova, O. N. Gilev, A. Safronov, and A. V. Komissarov, “Diagnostics of soft X-ray emission from the plasma of a fast capillary discharge,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 32(6), 489–499 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gilev, O. N.

V. I. Ostashev, A. M. Gafarov, V. Y. Politov, A. N. Shushlebin, L. V. Antonova, O. N. Gilev, A. Safronov, and A. V. Komissarov, “Diagnostics of soft X-ray emission from the plasma of a fast capillary discharge,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 32(6), 489–499 (2006).
[Crossref]

Grisham, M.

Gupta, P. D.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hartshorn, D.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a Discharge Pumped Table-Top Soft-X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(16), 2192–2195 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hayashi, Y.

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Niimi, Y. Hayashi, M. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Observation of multi-pulse soft x-ray lasing in a fast capillary discharge,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(14), 2123–2126 (2001).
[Crossref]

Heinbuch, S.

Horioka, K.

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Niimi, Y. Hayashi, M. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Observation of multi-pulse soft x-ray lasing in a fast capillary discharge,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(14), 2123–2126 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hotta, E.

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Niimi, Y. Hayashi, M. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Observation of multi-pulse soft x-ray lasing in a fast capillary discharge,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(14), 2123–2126 (2001).
[Crossref]

Iemmi, C.

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Y. Zhao, H. Cui, W. Zhang, W. Li, S. Jiang, and L. Li, “Si and Cu ablation with a 46.9-nm laser focused by a toroidal mirror,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14126–14134 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, J.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kanizay, K.

Khuklesvsky, S. V.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. E.

D. E. Kim, D. S. Kim, and A. L. Osterheld, “Characteristics of populations and gains in neon-like argon (Ar IX),” J. Appl. Phys. 84(11), 5862–5866 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. S.

D. E. Kim, D. S. Kim, and A. L. Osterheld, “Characteristics of populations and gains in neon-like argon (Ar IX),” J. Appl. Phys. 84(11), 5862–5866 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kiselev, V. N.

E. N. Abdullin, V. N. Kiselev, A. V. Morozov, and Y. Zhao, “A Current-Pulse Generator with an intermediate Storage for Inductive-Resistive Load Operation,” Instrum. Exp. Tech. 54(4), 504–510 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kiss, M.

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Magnetoelectric Confinement and Stabilization of Z Pinch in a Soft-X-Ray Ar+8 Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 183902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Critical parameters of the pumping scheme of Ar+8 Lasers Excited by Z Pinches in Long Capilaries,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 52(9), 770–775 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kolacek, K.

K. Kolacek, J. Schmidt, V. Prukner, J. Straus, O. Frolov, and M. Martinkova, “Research on high current pulse discharges at IPP ASci CR,” Czech. J. Phys. 56(S2), B259–B266 (2006).
[Crossref]

Komissarov, A. V.

V. I. Ostashev, A. M. Gafarov, V. Y. Politov, A. N. Shushlebin, L. V. Antonova, O. N. Gilev, A. Safronov, and A. V. Komissarov, “Diagnostics of soft X-ray emission from the plasma of a fast capillary discharge,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 32(6), 489–499 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kukhlevsky, S. V.

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Magnetoelectric Confinement and Stabilization of Z Pinch in a Soft-X-Ray Ar+8 Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 183902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Critical parameters of the pumping scheme of Ar+8 Lasers Excited by Z Pinches in Long Capilaries,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 52(9), 770–775 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kushwaha, R. P.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kwek, K. H.

C. A. Tan and K. H. Kwek, “Influence of current prepulse on capillary-discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Rev. A 75(4), 043808 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. A. Tan and K. H. Kwek, “Development of a low current discharge-driven soft x-ray laser,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(16), 4787–4792 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lan, K.

K. Lan, Y. Zhang, and W. Zheng, “Theoretical study on discharge-pumped soft x-ray laser in Ne-like Ar,” Phys. Plasmas 6(11), 4343–4348 (1999).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Li, W.

Limongi, T.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luan, B.

Y. Zhao, Y. Cheng, B. Luan, Y. Wu, and Q. Wang, “Effects of capillary discharge current on the time of lasing onset of soft x-ray laser at low pressure,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(2), 342–346 (2006).
[Crossref]

Macchietto, C. D.

C. D. Macchietto, B. R. Benware, and J. J. Rocca, “Generation of millijoule-level soft-x-ray laser pulses at a 4-Hz repetition rate in a highly saturated tabletop capillary discharge amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24(16), 1115–1117 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a High Average Power Tabletop Soft X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5804–5807 (1998).
[Crossref]

Marconi, M. C.

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Filevich, K. Kanizay, M. C. Marconi, J. L. A. Chilla, and J. J. Rocca, “Dense plasma diagnostics with an amplitude-division soft-x-ray laser interferometer based on diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 25(5), 356–358 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinkova, M.

K. Kolacek, J. Schmidt, V. Prukner, J. Straus, O. Frolov, and M. Martinkova, “Research on high current pulse discharges at IPP ASci CR,” Czech. J. Phys. 56(S2), B259–B266 (2006).
[Crossref]

Martz, D.

Menoni, C. S.

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mezi, L.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Miyahara, H.

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

Moreno, C. H.

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a High Average Power Tabletop Soft X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5804–5807 (1998).
[Crossref]

Morozov, A. V.

E. N. Abdullin, V. N. Kiselev, A. V. Morozov, and Y. Zhao, “A Current-Pulse Generator with an intermediate Storage for Inductive-Resistive Load Operation,” Instrum. Exp. Tech. 54(4), 504–510 (2011).
[Crossref]

Naik, P. A.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nakajima, M.

G. Niimi, Y. Hayashi, M. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Observation of multi-pulse soft x-ray lasing in a fast capillary discharge,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(14), 2123–2126 (2001).
[Crossref]

Navathe, C. P.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nemirovsky, R. A.

M. Shuker, A. Ben-kish, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, and A. Ron, “The effect of pre-pulse on capillary discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Plasmas 13(1), 013102 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ben-Kish, M. Shuker, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, A. Ron, and J. L. Schwob, “Plasma Dynamics in Capillary Discharge Soft X-Ray Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 015002 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nigam, S.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Niimi, G.

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Niimi, Y. Hayashi, M. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Observation of multi-pulse soft x-ray lasing in a fast capillary discharge,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(14), 2123–2126 (2001).
[Crossref]

Okino, A.

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Niimi, Y. Hayashi, M. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Observation of multi-pulse soft x-ray lasing in a fast capillary discharge,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(14), 2123–2126 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ostashev, V. I.

V. I. Ostashev, A. M. Gafarov, V. Y. Politov, A. N. Shushlebin, L. V. Antonova, O. N. Gilev, A. Safronov, and A. V. Komissarov, “Diagnostics of soft X-ray emission from the plasma of a fast capillary discharge,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 32(6), 489–499 (2006).
[Crossref]

Osterheld, A. L.

D. E. Kim, D. S. Kim, and A. L. Osterheld, “Characteristics of populations and gains in neon-like argon (Ar IX),” J. Appl. Phys. 84(11), 5862–5866 (1998).
[Crossref]

Palladino, L.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Patel, D.

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pikuz, T.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Politov, V. Y.

V. I. Ostashev, A. M. Gafarov, V. Y. Politov, A. N. Shushlebin, L. V. Antonova, O. N. Gilev, A. Safronov, and A. V. Komissarov, “Diagnostics of soft X-ray emission from the plasma of a fast capillary discharge,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 32(6), 489–499 (2006).
[Crossref]

Prasad, Y. B. S. R.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Prukner, V.

K. Kolacek, J. Schmidt, V. Prukner, J. Straus, O. Frolov, and M. Martinkova, “Research on high current pulse discharges at IPP ASci CR,” Czech. J. Phys. 56(S2), B259–B266 (2006).
[Crossref]

Reale, A.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Reale, L.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ritucci, A.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rocca, J. J.

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Heinbuch, M. Grisham, D. Martz, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a desk-top size high repetition rate soft x-ray laser,” Opt. Express 13(11), 4050–4055 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Filevich, K. Kanizay, M. C. Marconi, J. L. A. Chilla, and J. J. Rocca, “Dense plasma diagnostics with an amplitude-division soft-x-ray laser interferometer based on diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 25(5), 356–358 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Macchietto, B. R. Benware, and J. J. Rocca, “Generation of millijoule-level soft-x-ray laser pulses at a 4-Hz repetition rate in a highly saturated tabletop capillary discharge amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24(16), 1115–1117 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a High Average Power Tabletop Soft X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5804–5807 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Energy Extraction and Achievement of the Saturation Limit in a Discharge-Pumped Table-Top Soft X-Ray Amplifier,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1476–1479 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a Discharge Pumped Table-Top Soft-X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(16), 2192–2195 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ron, A.

M. Shuker, A. Ben-kish, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, and A. Ron, “The effect of pre-pulse on capillary discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Plasmas 13(1), 013102 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ben-Kish, M. Shuker, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, A. Ron, and J. L. Schwob, “Plasma Dynamics in Capillary Discharge Soft X-Ray Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 015002 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Safronov, A.

V. I. Ostashev, A. M. Gafarov, V. Y. Politov, A. N. Shushlebin, L. V. Antonova, O. N. Gilev, A. Safronov, and A. V. Komissarov, “Diagnostics of soft X-ray emission from the plasma of a fast capillary discharge,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 32(6), 489–499 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sakamoto, N.

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

Santa, I.

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Magnetoelectric Confinement and Stabilization of Z Pinch in a Soft-X-Ray Ar+8 Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 183902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Critical parameters of the pumping scheme of Ar+8 Lasers Excited by Z Pinches in Long Capilaries,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 52(9), 770–775 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, J.

K. Kolacek, J. Schmidt, V. Prukner, J. Straus, O. Frolov, and M. Martinkova, “Research on high current pulse discharges at IPP ASci CR,” Czech. J. Phys. 56(S2), B259–B266 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schwob, J. L.

A. Ben-Kish, M. Shuker, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, A. Ron, and J. L. Schwob, “Plasma Dynamics in Capillary Discharge Soft X-Ray Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 015002 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharma, M. L.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shlyaptsev, V.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a Discharge Pumped Table-Top Soft-X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(16), 2192–2195 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shlyaptsev, V. N.

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Energy Extraction and Achievement of the Saturation Limit in a Discharge-Pumped Table-Top Soft X-Ray Amplifier,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1476–1479 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shuker, M.

M. Shuker, A. Ben-kish, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, and A. Ron, “The effect of pre-pulse on capillary discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Plasmas 13(1), 013102 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ben-Kish, M. Shuker, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, A. Ron, and J. L. Schwob, “Plasma Dynamics in Capillary Discharge Soft X-Ray Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 015002 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shushlebin, A. N.

V. I. Ostashev, A. M. Gafarov, V. Y. Politov, A. N. Shushlebin, L. V. Antonova, O. N. Gilev, A. Safronov, and A. V. Komissarov, “Diagnostics of soft X-ray emission from the plasma of a fast capillary discharge,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 32(6), 489–499 (2006).
[Crossref]

Straus, J.

K. Kolacek, J. Schmidt, V. Prukner, J. Straus, O. Frolov, and M. Martinkova, “Research on high current pulse discharges at IPP ASci CR,” Czech. J. Phys. 56(S2), B259–B266 (2006).
[Crossref]

Szasz, J.

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Magnetoelectric Confinement and Stabilization of Z Pinch in a Soft-X-Ray Ar+8 Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 183902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Critical parameters of the pumping scheme of Ar+8 Lasers Excited by Z Pinches in Long Capilaries,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 52(9), 770–775 (2012).
[Crossref]

Szatmari, S.

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Magnetoelectric Confinement and Stabilization of Z Pinch in a Soft-X-Ray Ar+8 Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 183902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Critical parameters of the pumping scheme of Ar+8 Lasers Excited by Z Pinches in Long Capilaries,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 52(9), 770–775 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tan, C. A.

C. A. Tan and K. H. Kwek, “Influence of current prepulse on capillary-discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Rev. A 75(4), 043808 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. A. Tan and K. H. Kwek, “Development of a low current discharge-driven soft x-ray laser,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(16), 4787–4792 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tomasel, F. G.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a Discharge Pumped Table-Top Soft-X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(16), 2192–2195 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomassetti, G.

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tripathi, P. K.

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wachulak, P.

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Y. Cheng, B. Luan, Y. Wu, and Q. Wang, “Effects of capillary discharge current on the time of lasing onset of soft x-ray laser at low pressure,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(2), 342–346 (2006).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, M.

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Niimi, Y. Hayashi, M. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Observation of multi-pulse soft x-ray lasing in a fast capillary discharge,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(14), 2123–2126 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

Y. Zhao, Y. Cheng, B. Luan, Y. Wu, and Q. Wang, “Effects of capillary discharge current on the time of lasing onset of soft x-ray laser at low pressure,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(2), 342–346 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y.

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y.

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, M.

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q.

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Y.

K. Lan, Y. Zhang, and W. Zheng, “Theoretical study on discharge-pumped soft x-ray laser in Ne-like Ar,” Phys. Plasmas 6(11), 4343–4348 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, H. Cui, W. Zhang, W. Li, S. Jiang, and L. Li, “Si and Cu ablation with a 46.9-nm laser focused by a toroidal mirror,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14126–14134 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. N. Abdullin, V. N. Kiselev, A. V. Morozov, and Y. Zhao, “A Current-Pulse Generator with an intermediate Storage for Inductive-Resistive Load Operation,” Instrum. Exp. Tech. 54(4), 504–510 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Y. Cheng, B. Luan, Y. Wu, and Q. Wang, “Effects of capillary discharge current on the time of lasing onset of soft x-ray laser at low pressure,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(2), 342–346 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zheng, W.

K. Lan, Y. Zhang, and W. Zheng, “Theoretical study on discharge-pumped soft x-ray laser in Ne-like Ar,” Phys. Plasmas 6(11), 4343–4348 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

S. Jiang, Y. Zhao, Y. Xie, M. Xu, H. Cui, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Q. Xu, and Q. Wang, “Observation of capillary discharge Ne-like Ar 46.9nm laser with pre-pulse and main-pulse delay time in the domain of 2-130µs,” Appl. Phys. B 109(1), 1–7 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, S. Nigam, K. Aneesh, M. L. Sharma, R. P. Kushwaha, P. K. Tripathi, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, C. P. Navathe, and P. D. Gupta, “Characterization of the 46.9nm soft X-ray laser beam from a capillary discharge,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 131–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Contrib. Plasma Phys. (2)

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Critical parameters of the pumping scheme of Ar+8 Lasers Excited by Z Pinches in Long Capilaries,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 52(9), 770–775 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Ritucci, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Palladino, L. Reale, T. Limongi, F. Flora, L. Mezi, S. V. Khuklesvsky, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, and J. Kaiser, “Role of the wall ablation in the operation of a 46.9nm Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(2), 88–93 (2003).
[Crossref]

Czech. J. Phys. (1)

K. Kolacek, J. Schmidt, V. Prukner, J. Straus, O. Frolov, and M. Martinkova, “Research on high current pulse discharges at IPP ASci CR,” Czech. J. Phys. 56(S2), B259–B266 (2006).
[Crossref]

Instrum. Exp. Tech. (1)

E. N. Abdullin, V. N. Kiselev, A. V. Morozov, and Y. Zhao, “A Current-Pulse Generator with an intermediate Storage for Inductive-Resistive Load Operation,” Instrum. Exp. Tech. 54(4), 504–510 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. E. Kim, D. S. Kim, and A. L. Osterheld, “Characteristics of populations and gains in neon-like argon (Ar IX),” J. Appl. Phys. 84(11), 5862–5866 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (3)

G. Niimi, Y. Hayashi, M. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Observation of multi-pulse soft x-ray lasing in a fast capillary discharge,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(14), 2123–2126 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Y. Cheng, B. Luan, Y. Wu, and Q. Wang, “Effects of capillary discharge current on the time of lasing onset of soft x-ray laser at low pressure,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(2), 342–346 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. A. Tan and K. H. Kwek, “Development of a low current discharge-driven soft x-ray laser,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(16), 4787–4792 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Hayashi, Y. Xiao, N. Sakamoto, H. Miyahara, G. Niimi, M. Watanabe, A. Okino, K. Horioka, and E. Hotta, “Performances of Ne-like Ar Soft X-ray Laser using Capillary Z-Pinch Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(8R), 5285–5289 (2003).
[Crossref]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

M. G. Capeluto, P. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, D. Patel, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, C. Iemmi, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, and D. T. Attwood, “Table top nanopatterning with extreme ultraviolet laser illumination,” Microelectron. Eng. 84(5-8), 721–724 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Plasmas (2)

M. Shuker, A. Ben-kish, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, and A. Ron, “The effect of pre-pulse on capillary discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Plasmas 13(1), 013102 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Lan, Y. Zhang, and W. Zheng, “Theoretical study on discharge-pumped soft x-ray laser in Ne-like Ar,” Phys. Plasmas 6(11), 4343–4348 (1999).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. A. Tan and K. H. Kwek, “Influence of current prepulse on capillary-discharge extreme ultraviolet laser,” Phys. Rev. A 75(4), 043808 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a High Average Power Tabletop Soft X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5804–5807 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a Discharge Pumped Table-Top Soft-X-Ray Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(16), 2192–2195 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Energy Extraction and Achievement of the Saturation Limit in a Discharge-Pumped Table-Top Soft X-Ray Amplifier,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1476–1479 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Szasz, M. Kiss, I. Santa, S. Szatmari, and S. V. Kukhlevsky, “Magnetoelectric Confinement and Stabilization of Z Pinch in a Soft-X-Ray Ar+8 Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 183902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ben-Kish, M. Shuker, R. A. Nemirovsky, A. Fisher, A. Ron, and J. L. Schwob, “Plasma Dynamics in Capillary Discharge Soft X-Ray Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 015002 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plasma Phys. Rep. (1)

V. I. Ostashev, A. M. Gafarov, V. Y. Politov, A. N. Shushlebin, L. V. Antonova, O. N. Gilev, A. Safronov, and A. V. Komissarov, “Diagnostics of soft X-ray emission from the plasma of a fast capillary discharge,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 32(6), 489–499 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

R. C. Elton, X-Ray Lasers (Academic Press, 1990).

J.J. Gonzalez, M. Frati, J.J. Rocca, V.N. Shlyaptsev and A.L. Osterheld, “High-power density capillary discharge plasma columns for shorter wavelength discharge-pumped soft-x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 026404–1-26404–9 (2002).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 A schematic diagram of the capillary discharge soft X-ray laser system
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The simulated distributions of electron temperature at the lasing time at different initial pressures while the amplitude of main currents 30kA, 36kA and 40kA respectively
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The simulated distributions of electron density at the lasing time at different initial pressures while the amplitude of main currents 30kA, 36kA and 40kA respectively
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The simulated distributions of Ne-like Ar ion density at the lasing time at different initial pressures while the amplitude of main currents 30kA, 36kA and 40kA respectively
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Intensity of laser emission as a function of predischarge current at three different main discharge currents.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Intensity of laser emission as a function of the Ar initial filling pressure at different predischarge currents.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The laser intensity produced by 4.8mm inner diameter capillary at different initial pressures when the amplitude of the main current is 30kA, 36kA and 40kA respectively.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The intensity of laser emission as a function of main discharge currents at two different initial Ar filling pressure.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The laser spots produced at optimum pressure

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of laser pulse energy with different inner diameter alumina capillaries.

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