Abstract

We demonstrated a novel slow-light Si-wire waveguide combined with metamaterials, which can be easily integrated with other Si photonics devices. The slow-light effect can be produced simply by placing metamaterials at an appropriate position on a Si-wire waveguide. It was confirmed that the large group index of more than 40 could be obtained because of a steep and discontinuous change of dispersion relation near the resonance frequency of metamaterials.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2018 (1)

2017 (3)

T. Amemiya, T. Kanazawa, S. Yamasaki, and S. Arai, “Metamaterial Waveguide Devices for Integrated Optics,” Materials (Basel) 10(9), 1037 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, M.-H. Kim, C. Wang, Z. Han, S. Shrestha, A. C. Overvig, M. Lu, A. Stein, A. M. Agarwal, M. Lončar, and N. Yu, “Controlling propagation and coupling of waveguide modes using phase-gradient metasurfaces,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(7), 675–683 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Guo, M. Decker, F. Setzpfandt, X. Gai, D.-Y. Choi, R. Kiselev, A. Chipouline, I. Staude, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-bit rate ultra-compact light routing with mode-selective on-chip nanoantennas,” Sci. Adv. 3(7), e1700007 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

Z. J. Wong, Y.-L. Xu, J. Kim, K. O’Brien, Y. Wang, L. Feng, and X. Zhang, “Lasing and anti-lasing in a single cavity,” Nat. Photonics 10(12), 796–801 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352(6290), 1202–1206 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Amemiya, A. Ishikawa, T. Kanazawa, J. Kang, N. Nishiyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Tanaka, and S. Arai, “Permeability-controlled optical modulator with Tri-gate metamaterial: control of permeability on InP-based photonic integration platform,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8985 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

H. Hu, D. Ji, X. Zeng, K. Liu, and Q. Gan, “Rainbow trapping in hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1249 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

T. Amemiya, S. Myoga, T. Shindo, E. Murai, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Permeability retrieval in InP-based waveguide optical device combined with metamaterial,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2301–2303 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Doylend and A. P. Knights, “The evolution of silicon photonics as an enabling technology for optical interconnection,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(4), 504–525 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Magnetic Interactions at Optical Frequencies in an InP-Based Waveguide Device with Metamaterial,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(5), 736–744 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, S. Myoga, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Nonunity permeability in metamaterial-based GaInAsP/InP multimode interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 36(12), 2327–2329 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, Y. S. Oei, U. Khalique, R. Nötzel, and M. K. Smit, “InP-based photonic circuits: Comparison of monolithic integration techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(4), 135–172 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

T. Baba, “Slow light in photonic crystals,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 465–473 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 213904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

I. V. Shadrivov, A. A. Sukhorukov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Guided modes in negative-refractive-index waveguides,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 67(5 Pt 2), 057602 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adam,

M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

Agarwal, A. M.

Z. Li, M.-H. Kim, C. Wang, Z. Han, S. Shrestha, A. C. Overvig, M. Lu, A. Stein, A. M. Agarwal, M. Lončar, and N. Yu, “Controlling propagation and coupling of waveguide modes using phase-gradient metasurfaces,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(7), 675–683 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alekseyev, L. V.

Amemiya, T.

S. Yamasaki, T. Amemiya, Z. Gu, J. Suzuki, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Analysis of the slow-light effect in silicon wire waveguides with metamaterials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(4), 797–804 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Amemiya, T. Kanazawa, S. Yamasaki, and S. Arai, “Metamaterial Waveguide Devices for Integrated Optics,” Materials (Basel) 10(9), 1037 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Amemiya, A. Ishikawa, T. Kanazawa, J. Kang, N. Nishiyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Tanaka, and S. Arai, “Permeability-controlled optical modulator with Tri-gate metamaterial: control of permeability on InP-based photonic integration platform,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8985 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Amemiya, S. Myoga, T. Shindo, E. Murai, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Permeability retrieval in InP-based waveguide optical device combined with metamaterial,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2301–2303 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, S. Myoga, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Nonunity permeability in metamaterial-based GaInAsP/InP multimode interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 36(12), 2327–2329 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Magnetic Interactions at Optical Frequencies in an InP-Based Waveguide Device with Metamaterial,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(5), 736–744 (2011).
[Crossref]

Arai, S.

S. Yamasaki, T. Amemiya, Z. Gu, J. Suzuki, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Analysis of the slow-light effect in silicon wire waveguides with metamaterials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(4), 797–804 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Amemiya, T. Kanazawa, S. Yamasaki, and S. Arai, “Metamaterial Waveguide Devices for Integrated Optics,” Materials (Basel) 10(9), 1037 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Amemiya, A. Ishikawa, T. Kanazawa, J. Kang, N. Nishiyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Tanaka, and S. Arai, “Permeability-controlled optical modulator with Tri-gate metamaterial: control of permeability on InP-based photonic integration platform,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8985 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Amemiya, S. Myoga, T. Shindo, E. Murai, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Permeability retrieval in InP-based waveguide optical device combined with metamaterial,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2301–2303 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, S. Myoga, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Nonunity permeability in metamaterial-based GaInAsP/InP multimode interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 36(12), 2327–2329 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Magnetic Interactions at Optical Frequencies in an InP-Based Waveguide Device with Metamaterial,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(5), 736–744 (2011).
[Crossref]

Baba, T.

T. Baba, “Slow light in photonic crystals,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 465–473 (2008).
[Crossref]

Boardman, A. D.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bostak, J. S.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bradley, G.

M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

Brongersma, M. L.

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352(6290), 1202–1206 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butrie, T.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.-W.

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiang, I.-D.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chipouline, A.

R. Guo, M. Decker, F. Setzpfandt, X. Gai, D.-Y. Choi, R. Kiselev, A. Chipouline, I. Staude, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-bit rate ultra-compact light routing with mode-selective on-chip nanoantennas,” Sci. Adv. 3(7), e1700007 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, D.-Y.

R. Guo, M. Decker, F. Setzpfandt, X. Gai, D.-Y. Choi, R. Kiselev, A. Chipouline, I. Staude, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-bit rate ultra-compact light routing with mode-selective on-chip nanoantennas,” Sci. Adv. 3(7), e1700007 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coolbaugh, D. D.

M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

Decker, M.

R. Guo, M. Decker, F. Setzpfandt, X. Gai, D.-Y. Choi, R. Kiselev, A. Chipouline, I. Staude, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-bit rate ultra-compact light routing with mode-selective on-chip nanoantennas,” Sci. Adv. 3(7), e1700007 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dentai, A. G.

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T. Amemiya, A. Ishikawa, T. Kanazawa, J. Kang, N. Nishiyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Tanaka, and S. Arai, “Permeability-controlled optical modulator with Tri-gate metamaterial: control of permeability on InP-based photonic integration platform,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8985 (2015).
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M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

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R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
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R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
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T. Amemiya, S. Myoga, T. Shindo, E. Murai, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Permeability retrieval in InP-based waveguide optical device combined with metamaterial,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2301–2303 (2012).
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T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, S. Myoga, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Nonunity permeability in metamaterial-based GaInAsP/InP multimode interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 36(12), 2327–2329 (2011).
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T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Magnetic Interactions at Optical Frequencies in an InP-Based Waveguide Device with Metamaterial,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(5), 736–744 (2011).
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J. J. G. M. van der Tol, Y. S. Oei, U. Khalique, R. Nötzel, and M. K. Smit, “InP-based photonic circuits: Comparison of monolithic integration techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(4), 135–172 (2010).
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Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
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J. J. G. M. van der Tol, Y. S. Oei, U. Khalique, R. Nötzel, and M. K. Smit, “InP-based photonic circuits: Comparison of monolithic integration techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(4), 135–172 (2010).
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Z. Li, M.-H. Kim, C. Wang, Z. Han, S. Shrestha, A. C. Overvig, M. Lu, A. Stein, A. M. Agarwal, M. Lončar, and N. Yu, “Controlling propagation and coupling of waveguide modes using phase-gradient metasurfaces,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(7), 675–683 (2017).
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M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
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J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
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Perkins, D.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
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R. Guo, M. Decker, F. Setzpfandt, X. Gai, D.-Y. Choi, R. Kiselev, A. Chipouline, I. Staude, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-bit rate ultra-compact light routing with mode-selective on-chip nanoantennas,” Sci. Adv. 3(7), e1700007 (2017).
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Peters, F. H.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
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R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
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M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

Reffle, M. S.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
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R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
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Schlenker, R. K.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
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Schneider, R. P.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
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Setzpfandt, F.

R. Guo, M. Decker, F. Setzpfandt, X. Gai, D.-Y. Choi, R. Kiselev, A. Chipouline, I. Staude, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-bit rate ultra-compact light routing with mode-selective on-chip nanoantennas,” Sci. Adv. 3(7), e1700007 (2017).
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I. V. Shadrivov, A. A. Sukhorukov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Guided modes in negative-refractive-index waveguides,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 67(5 Pt 2), 057602 (2003).
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Shindo, T.

Shrestha, S.

Z. Li, M.-H. Kim, C. Wang, Z. Han, S. Shrestha, A. C. Overvig, M. Lu, A. Stein, A. M. Agarwal, M. Lončar, and N. Yu, “Controlling propagation and coupling of waveguide modes using phase-gradient metasurfaces,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(7), 675–683 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, J.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
[Crossref]

Smit, M. K.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, Y. S. Oei, U. Khalique, R. Nötzel, and M. K. Smit, “InP-based photonic circuits: Comparison of monolithic integration techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(4), 135–172 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sorace-Agaskar, C.

M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

Soukoulis, C. M.

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Staude, I.

R. Guo, M. Decker, F. Setzpfandt, X. Gai, D.-Y. Choi, R. Kiselev, A. Chipouline, I. Staude, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-bit rate ultra-compact light routing with mode-selective on-chip nanoantennas,” Sci. Adv. 3(7), e1700007 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Z. Li, M.-H. Kim, C. Wang, Z. Han, S. Shrestha, A. C. Overvig, M. Lu, A. Stein, A. M. Agarwal, M. Lončar, and N. Yu, “Controlling propagation and coupling of waveguide modes using phase-gradient metasurfaces,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(7), 675–683 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

Sukhorukov, A. A.

I. V. Shadrivov, A. A. Sukhorukov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Guided modes in negative-refractive-index waveguides,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 67(5 Pt 2), 057602 (2003).
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Sun, S.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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Suzuki, J.

Sysak, M. N.

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, D.

T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Magnetic Interactions at Optical Frequencies in an InP-Based Waveguide Device with Metamaterial,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(5), 736–744 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, S. Myoga, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Nonunity permeability in metamaterial-based GaInAsP/InP multimode interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 36(12), 2327–2329 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, T.

T. Amemiya, A. Ishikawa, T. Kanazawa, J. Kang, N. Nishiyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Tanaka, and S. Arai, “Permeability-controlled optical modulator with Tri-gate metamaterial: control of permeability on InP-based photonic integration platform,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8985 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, R. B.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
[Crossref]

Timurdogan, E.

M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

Tomita, M.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 213904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Totsuka, K.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 213904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, D. P.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, H. S.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tsakmakidis, K. L.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van der Tol, J. J. G. M.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, Y. S. Oei, U. Khalique, R. Nötzel, and M. K. Smit, “InP-based photonic circuits: Comparison of monolithic integration techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(4), 135–172 (2010).
[Crossref]

Veksler, D.

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352(6290), 1202–1206 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

Z. Li, M.-H. Kim, C. Wang, Z. Han, S. Shrestha, A. C. Overvig, M. Lu, A. Stein, A. M. Agarwal, M. Lončar, and N. Yu, “Controlling propagation and coupling of waveguide modes using phase-gradient metasurfaces,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(7), 675–683 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.-M.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Z. J. Wong, Y.-L. Xu, J. Kim, K. O’Brien, Y. Wang, L. Feng, and X. Zhang, “Lasing and anti-lasing in a single cavity,” Nat. Photonics 10(12), 796–801 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watts, M. R.

M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

Webjorn, J.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
[Crossref]

Welch, D. F.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wong, Z. J.

Z. J. Wong, Y.-L. Xu, J. Kim, K. O’Brien, Y. Wang, L. Feng, and X. Zhang, “Lasing and anti-lasing in a single cavity,” Nat. Photonics 10(12), 796–801 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.-L.

Z. J. Wong, Y.-L. Xu, J. Kim, K. O’Brien, Y. Wang, L. Feng, and X. Zhang, “Lasing and anti-lasing in a single cavity,” Nat. Photonics 10(12), 796–801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yaacobi, A.

M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

Yamasaki, S.

Yang, K.-Y.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, N.

Z. Li, M.-H. Kim, C. Wang, Z. Han, S. Shrestha, A. C. Overvig, M. Lu, A. Stein, A. M. Agarwal, M. Lončar, and N. Yu, “Controlling propagation and coupling of waveguide modes using phase-gradient metasurfaces,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(7), 675–683 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yulevich, I.

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352(6290), 1202–1206 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, X.

H. Hu, D. Ji, X. Zeng, K. Liu, and Q. Gan, “Rainbow trapping in hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1249 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

Z. J. Wong, Y.-L. Xu, J. Kim, K. O’Brien, Y. Wang, L. Feng, and X. Zhang, “Lasing and anti-lasing in a single cavity,” Nat. Photonics 10(12), 796–801 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ziari, M.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Amemiya, T. Shindo, D. Takahashi, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Magnetic Interactions at Optical Frequencies in an InP-Based Waveguide Device with Metamaterial,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(5), 736–744 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H. S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 50–65 (2005).
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M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

J. K. Doylend and A. P. Knights, “The evolution of silicon photonics as an enabling technology for optical interconnection,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(4), 504–525 (2012).
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Materials (Basel) (1)

T. Amemiya, T. Kanazawa, S. Yamasaki, and S. Arai, “Metamaterial Waveguide Devices for Integrated Optics,” Materials (Basel) 10(9), 1037 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (1)

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

Z. Li, M.-H. Kim, C. Wang, Z. Han, S. Shrestha, A. C. Overvig, M. Lu, A. Stein, A. M. Agarwal, M. Lončar, and N. Yu, “Controlling propagation and coupling of waveguide modes using phase-gradient metasurfaces,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(7), 675–683 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

Z. J. Wong, Y.-L. Xu, J. Kim, K. O’Brien, Y. Wang, L. Feng, and X. Zhang, “Lasing and anti-lasing in a single cavity,” Nat. Photonics 10(12), 796–801 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Baba, “Slow light in photonic crystals,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 465–473 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (3)

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

I. V. Shadrivov, A. A. Sukhorukov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Guided modes in negative-refractive-index waveguides,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 67(5 Pt 2), 057602 (2003).
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K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 213904 (2007).
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J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
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Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, Y. S. Oei, U. Khalique, R. Nötzel, and M. K. Smit, “InP-based photonic circuits: Comparison of monolithic integration techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(4), 135–172 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

R. Guo, M. Decker, F. Setzpfandt, X. Gai, D.-Y. Choi, R. Kiselev, A. Chipouline, I. Staude, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-bit rate ultra-compact light routing with mode-selective on-chip nanoantennas,” Sci. Adv. 3(7), e1700007 (2017).
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Sci. Rep. (2)

H. Hu, D. Ji, X. Zeng, K. Liu, and Q. Gan, “Rainbow trapping in hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1249 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Amemiya, A. Ishikawa, T. Kanazawa, J. Kang, N. Nishiyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Tanaka, and S. Arai, “Permeability-controlled optical modulator with Tri-gate metamaterial: control of permeability on InP-based photonic integration platform,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8985 (2015).
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Science (2)

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352(6290), 1202–1206 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

M. R. Watts, J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, E. S. Hosseini, C. Sorace-Agaskar, A. Yaacobi, Z. Su, M. Moresco, J. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, T. N. Leake, Adam, and D. D. Coolbaugh, “Very Large Scale Integrated Photonics (VLSI-P),” Proc. CLEO 2014, SM4O.4 (2014).

T. Amemiya, S. Yamasaki, M. Tanaka, H. Kagami, K. Masuda, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “SD10-buf-10u.xlsx: Raw data for Fig. 8(b),” figshare (2019), https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.7948337 .

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Dataset 1       Raw data for Fig. 8(b)

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of Si-wire waveguide with metamaterials (SRRs). (b) Conceptual image of the dispersion curve of SRR waveguide compared with those of Si, SiO2, and ordinary Si waveguide. Very large group index can be obtained in SRR waveguide because of steep and discontinuous change of dispersion relation near SRR resonance frequency.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Cross-section of the Si-wire waveguide combined with metamaterials. One-dimensional SRR array and its neighboring SiO2 region is replaced with a single uniform layer C1 × C2 × C3 made of an imaginary material. (b) Structural parameters of the metal ring and its unit cell.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 One example of the dispersion curve and group index of the Si-wire waveguides combined with metamaterials (h = 100 nm in Fig. 2(a)). In this example, the structural parameters of the metamaterial (see Fig. 2 (b)) are set to l = 100 nm, w = 150 nm, a = 30 nm, and d = 50 nm so that resonance will occur at an optical communication frequency.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Calculated maximum values of the group index ng and its full width at half maximum as a function of distance h between Si core and uniform layer.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Normalized FTIR transmission spectra of the SRR array surrounded by SiO2, measured with different ring size. (b) Measured resonance wavelength as a function of w and l. A, B and C correspond to each spectrum in Fig. 5(a). N/A means fabrication limit of lift-off process.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Fabrication process of the Si-wire waveguide combined with metamaterials.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Optical micrograph of actual unbalanced MZIs consisting of Si-wire waveguides. The SRR waveguide to be measured is added as part of the right arm (ΔL = 10 μm). (b) Scanning electron microscope image of the SRR waveguide inserted in the right arm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 TE-mode transmission spectra and derived group indices of Si MZIs (a) w/o and (b) w/ metamaterials (Dataset 1, [28]). The blue line represents the measured transmission spectrum, and the red points represent the group index at each wavelength obtained from the FSR.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Summary of the measured group index and the resonance wavelength band of SRR waveguides for each structure.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 TE-mode transmission spectra and derived group indices of waveguide 1. The blue line represents the measured transmission spectrum, and the red points represent the group index at each wavelength obtained from the FSR.

Equations (2)

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2 E x y 2 +( ω 2 ε 0 μ 0 ε x μ z β 2 μ z μ y ) E x =0,
n g = λ min λ max 2ΔLΔλ ,

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