Abstract

Intrinsic photobleaching and photoluminescence (PL) intermittency of single quantum dots (QDs), originating from photo-oxidation and photo-ionization respectively, are roadblocks for most single-dot applications. Here, we effectively suppress the photobleaching and the PL intermittency of single near-infrared emitting QDs with p-phenylenediamine (PPD). The PPD cannot only be used as a high-efficient reducing agent to remove reactive oxygen species around QDs to suppress the photo-oxidation, but can also bond with the surface defect sites of single QDs to reduce electron trap states to suppress the photo-ionization. It is shown that the survival time of single QDs, the on-state probability of PL intensity traces, and the total number of emitted photons are significantly increased for single QDs in PPD compared with that on glass coverslip.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

2017 (4)

H. Qin, R. Meng, N. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence intermittency and photo-bleaching of single colloidal quantum dot,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606923 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. J. Li, G. F. Zhang, B. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Senellart, G. Solomon, and A. White, “High-performance semiconductor quantum-dot single-photon sources,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(11), 1026–1039 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Zhao, Q. Xu, J. Tao, Z. Jin, Y. Pan, C. Yu, and Z. Yu, “Near infrared quantum dots in biomedical applications: current status and future perspective,” Nanomed. Nanobiotechnol. 10(3), 1483 (2017).

2016 (9)

J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, J. Lim, A. F. Fidler, W. K. Bae, S. Brovelli, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectroscopic and device aspects of nanocrystal quantum dots,” Chem. Rev. 116(18), 10513–10622 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hu, B. Lv, C. Yin, C. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. N. Lawrence, P. Dutta, M. Nagaraju, M. B. Teunis, B. B. Muhoberac, and R. Sardar, “Dual role of electron-accepting metal-carboxylate ligands: reversible expansion of exciton delocalization and passivation of nonradiative trap-states in molecule-like CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(39), 12813–12825 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Rühle, “Tabulated values of the Shockley-Queisser limit for single junction solar cells,” Sol. Energy 130, 139–147 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Li, G. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yuan, E. Debroye, G. Caliandro, K. P. Janssen, J. van Loon, C. E. Kirschhock, J. A. Martens, J. Hofkens, and M. B. Roeffaers, “Photoluminescence blinking of single-crystal methylammonium lead Iodide perovskite nanorods induced by surface traps,” ACS Omega 1(1), 148–159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Ma, L. Huang, H. Qin, R. Meng, Y. Li, and X. Peng, “Design and synthesis of antiblinking and antibleaching quantum dots in multiple colors via wave function confinement,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(48), 15727–15735 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. C. Law, Z. Xu, K. T. Yong, X. Liu, M. T. Swihart, M. Seshadri, and P. N. Prasad, “Manganese-doped near-infrared emitting nanocrystals for in vivo biomedical imaging,” Opt. Express 24(16), 17553–17561 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Huang, J. Pan, Y. Zhang, J. Chen, Z. Tao, C. He, K. Zhou, Y. Tu, and W. Lei, “High-performance quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid hole transport layer via doping engineering,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25955–25963 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

M. R. Kim and D. Ma, “Quantum-dot-based solar cells: recent advances, strategies, and challenges,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 85–99 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yamashita, M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, H. Saito, Y. Nosaka, S. Wakida, and V. Biju, “Auger ionization beats photo-oxidation of semiconductor quantum dots: extended stability of single-molecule photoluminescence,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54, 3892–3896 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Marx, “Probes: paths to photostability,” Nat. Methods 12(3), 187–190 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fan, H. Liu, R. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. Sha, and Y. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

K. Welsher and H. Yang, “Multi-resolution 3D visualization of the early stages of cellular uptake of peptide-coated nanoparticles,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 198–203 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Wang, Y. B. Zhang, and W. Q. Zhang, “First-principles study of the halide-passivation effects on the electronic structures of CdSe quantum dots,” RSC Advances 4(37), 19302–19309 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Park, W. K. Bae, J. M. Pietryga, and V. I. Klimov, “Auger recombination of biexcitons and negative and positive trions in individual quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(7), 7288–7296 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ravikumar, R. Surekha, and R. Thavarajah, “Mounting media: An overview,” J. NTR. Univ. Health. Sci. 3, 1–8 (2014).

H. W. Cheng, C. T. Yuan, J. S. Wang, T. N. Lin, J. L. Shen, Y. J. Hung, J. Tang, and F. G. Tseng, “Modification of photon emission statistics from single colloidal CdSe quantum dots by conductive materials,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(31), 18126–18132 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

Z. Pan, K. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Feng, and X. Zhong, “Near infrared absorption of CdSexTe1-x alloyed quantum dot sensitized solar cells with more than 6% efficiency and high stability,” ACS Nano 7(6), 5215–5222 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

E. Arnspang Christensen, P. Kulatunga, and B. C. Lagerholm, “A single molecule investigation of the photostability of quantum dots,” PLoS One 7(8), e44355 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Galland, Y. Ghosh, A. Steinbrück, J. A. Hollingsworth, H. Htoon, and V. I. Klimov, “Lifetime blinking in nonblinking nanocrystal quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 908 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Nadeau, L. Carlini, D. Suffern, O. Ivanova, and S. E. Bradforth, “Effects of beta-mercaptoethanol on quantum dot emission evaluated from photoluminescence decays,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(4), 2728–2739 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

Q. G. Chen, T. Y. Zhou, C. Y. He, Y. Q. Jiang, and X. Chen, “An in situ applicable colorimetric Cu2+ sensor using quantum dot quenching,” Anal. Methods 3(7), 1471–1474 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, R. Chen, Y. Gao, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single-molecule interfacial electron transfer dynamics manipulated by an external electric current,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(30), 13815–13820 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, T. Itoh, M. Ishikawa, and V. Biju, “Blinking suppression in CdSe/ZnS single quantum dots by TiO2 nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 4(8), 4445–4454 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

V. Fomenko and D. J. Nesbitt, “Solution control of radiative and nonradiative lifetimes: A novel contribution to quantum dot blinking suppression,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 287–293 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

A. Biebricher, M. Sauer, and P. Tinnefeld, “Radiative and nonradiative rate fluctuations of single colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(11), 5174–5178 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, J. He, P. N. Wang, J. Y. Chen, Z. J. Lu, D. R. Lu, J. Guo, C. C. Wang, and W. L. Yang, “Time-dependent photoluminescence blue shift of the quantum dots in living cells: Effect of oxidation by singlet oxygen,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(41), 13396–13401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, C. Querner, T. Emmons, M. Drndic, and C. H. Crouch, “Fluorescence blinking statistics from CdSe core and core/shell nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(46), 23221–23227 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

J. Tang and R. A. Marcus, “Diffusion-controlled electron transfer processes and power-law statistics of fluorescence intermittency of nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(10), 107401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

S. Hohng and T. Ha, “Near-complete suppression of quantum dot blinking in ambient conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(5), 1324–1325 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

S. N. Sharma, Z. S. Pillai, and P. V. Kamat, “Photoinduced charge transfer between CdSe quantum dots and p-phenylenediamine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(37), 10088–10093 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Potapova, R. Mruk, S. Prehl, R. Zentel, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Semiconductor nanocrystals with multifunctional polymer ligands,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(2), 320–321 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

Y. A. Wang, J. J. Li, H. Chen, and X. Peng, “Stabilization of inorganic nanocrystals by organic dendrons,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124(10), 2293–2298 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Diaspro, F. Federici, and M. Robello, “Influence of refractive-index mismatch in high-resolution three-dimensional confocal microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 41(4), 685–690 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, ““On”/”off” fluorescence intermittency of single semiconductor quantum dots,” J. Chem. Phys. 115(2), 1028–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Nonexponential “blinking” kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: A universal power law behavior,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(7), 3117–3120 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290(5500), 2282–2285 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnspang Christensen, E.

E. Arnspang Christensen, P. Kulatunga, and B. C. Lagerholm, “A single molecule investigation of the photostability of quantum dots,” PLoS One 7(8), e44355 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bae, W. K.

J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, J. Lim, A. F. Fidler, W. K. Bae, S. Brovelli, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectroscopic and device aspects of nanocrystal quantum dots,” Chem. Rev. 116(18), 10513–10622 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Park, W. K. Bae, J. M. Pietryga, and V. I. Klimov, “Auger recombination of biexcitons and negative and positive trions in individual quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(7), 7288–7296 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Basché, T.

I. Potapova, R. Mruk, S. Prehl, R. Zentel, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Semiconductor nanocrystals with multifunctional polymer ligands,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(2), 320–321 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becher, C.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290(5500), 2282–2285 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biebricher, A.

A. Biebricher, M. Sauer, and P. Tinnefeld, “Radiative and nonradiative rate fluctuations of single colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(11), 5174–5178 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biju, V.

S. Yamashita, M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, H. Saito, Y. Nosaka, S. Wakida, and V. Biju, “Auger ionization beats photo-oxidation of semiconductor quantum dots: extended stability of single-molecule photoluminescence,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54, 3892–3896 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, T. Itoh, M. Ishikawa, and V. Biju, “Blinking suppression in CdSe/ZnS single quantum dots by TiO2 nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 4(8), 4445–4454 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bradforth, S. E.

J. L. Nadeau, L. Carlini, D. Suffern, O. Ivanova, and S. E. Bradforth, “Effects of beta-mercaptoethanol on quantum dot emission evaluated from photoluminescence decays,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(4), 2728–2739 (2012).
[Crossref]

Brovelli, S.

J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, J. Lim, A. F. Fidler, W. K. Bae, S. Brovelli, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectroscopic and device aspects of nanocrystal quantum dots,” Chem. Rev. 116(18), 10513–10622 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caliandro, G.

H. Yuan, E. Debroye, G. Caliandro, K. P. Janssen, J. van Loon, C. E. Kirschhock, J. A. Martens, J. Hofkens, and M. B. Roeffaers, “Photoluminescence blinking of single-crystal methylammonium lead Iodide perovskite nanorods induced by surface traps,” ACS Omega 1(1), 148–159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, J. Ma, L. Huang, H. Qin, R. Meng, Y. Li, and X. Peng, “Design and synthesis of antiblinking and antibleaching quantum dots in multiple colors via wave function confinement,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(48), 15727–15735 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carlini, L.

J. L. Nadeau, L. Carlini, D. Suffern, O. Ivanova, and S. E. Bradforth, “Effects of beta-mercaptoethanol on quantum dot emission evaluated from photoluminescence decays,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(4), 2728–2739 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Y. A. Wang, J. J. Li, H. Chen, and X. Peng, “Stabilization of inorganic nanocrystals by organic dendrons,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124(10), 2293–2298 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, J. Y.

Y. Zhang, J. He, P. N. Wang, J. Y. Chen, Z. J. Lu, D. R. Lu, J. Guo, C. C. Wang, and W. L. Yang, “Time-dependent photoluminescence blue shift of the quantum dots in living cells: Effect of oxidation by singlet oxygen,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(41), 13396–13401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Q. G.

Q. G. Chen, T. Y. Zhou, C. Y. He, Y. Q. Jiang, and X. Chen, “An in situ applicable colorimetric Cu2+ sensor using quantum dot quenching,” Anal. Methods 3(7), 1471–1474 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

B. Li, G. Zhang, C. Yang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, H. Huang, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Fast recognition of single quantum dots from high multi-exciton emission and clustering effects,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4674–4685 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Li, G. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, R. Chen, Y. Gao, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single-molecule interfacial electron transfer dynamics manipulated by an external electric current,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(30), 13815–13820 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, R. Y.

Z. J. Li, G. F. Zhang, B. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Q. G. Chen, T. Y. Zhou, C. Y. He, Y. Q. Jiang, and X. Chen, “An in situ applicable colorimetric Cu2+ sensor using quantum dot quenching,” Anal. Methods 3(7), 1471–1474 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H. W.

H. W. Cheng, C. T. Yuan, J. S. Wang, T. N. Lin, J. L. Shen, Y. J. Hung, J. Tang, and F. G. Tseng, “Modification of photon emission statistics from single colloidal CdSe quantum dots by conductive materials,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(31), 18126–18132 (2014).
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Crouch, C. H.

S. Wang, C. Querner, T. Emmons, M. Drndic, and C. H. Crouch, “Fluorescence blinking statistics from CdSe core and core/shell nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(46), 23221–23227 (2006).
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Debroye, E.

H. Yuan, E. Debroye, G. Caliandro, K. P. Janssen, J. van Loon, C. E. Kirschhock, J. A. Martens, J. Hofkens, and M. B. Roeffaers, “Photoluminescence blinking of single-crystal methylammonium lead Iodide perovskite nanorods induced by surface traps,” ACS Omega 1(1), 148–159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diaspro, A.

Drndic, M.

S. Wang, C. Querner, T. Emmons, M. Drndic, and C. H. Crouch, “Fluorescence blinking statistics from CdSe core and core/shell nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(46), 23221–23227 (2006).
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Dutta, P.

K. N. Lawrence, P. Dutta, M. Nagaraju, M. B. Teunis, B. B. Muhoberac, and R. Sardar, “Dual role of electron-accepting metal-carboxylate ligands: reversible expansion of exciton delocalization and passivation of nonradiative trap-states in molecule-like CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(39), 12813–12825 (2016).
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Emmons, T.

S. Wang, C. Querner, T. Emmons, M. Drndic, and C. H. Crouch, “Fluorescence blinking statistics from CdSe core and core/shell nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(46), 23221–23227 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, Y.

Y. Fan, H. Liu, R. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. Sha, and Y. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
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Federici, F.

Feng, Y.

Z. Pan, K. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Feng, and X. Zhong, “Near infrared absorption of CdSexTe1-x alloyed quantum dot sensitized solar cells with more than 6% efficiency and high stability,” ACS Nano 7(6), 5215–5222 (2013).
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Fidler, A. F.

J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, J. Lim, A. F. Fidler, W. K. Bae, S. Brovelli, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectroscopic and device aspects of nanocrystal quantum dots,” Chem. Rev. 116(18), 10513–10622 (2016).
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Fomenko, V.

V. Fomenko and D. J. Nesbitt, “Solution control of radiative and nonradiative lifetimes: A novel contribution to quantum dot blinking suppression,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 287–293 (2008).
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Fromm, D. P.

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, ““On”/”off” fluorescence intermittency of single semiconductor quantum dots,” J. Chem. Phys. 115(2), 1028–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Nonexponential “blinking” kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: A universal power law behavior,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(7), 3117–3120 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gallagher, A.

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, ““On”/”off” fluorescence intermittency of single semiconductor quantum dots,” J. Chem. Phys. 115(2), 1028–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Nonexponential “blinking” kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: A universal power law behavior,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(7), 3117–3120 (2000).
[Crossref]

Galland, C.

C. Galland, Y. Ghosh, A. Steinbrück, J. A. Hollingsworth, H. Htoon, and V. I. Klimov, “Lifetime blinking in nonblinking nanocrystal quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 908 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, Y.

B. Li, G. Zhang, C. Yang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, H. Huang, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Fast recognition of single quantum dots from high multi-exciton emission and clustering effects,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4674–4685 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. J. Li, G. F. Zhang, B. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Li, G. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, R. Chen, Y. Gao, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single-molecule interfacial electron transfer dynamics manipulated by an external electric current,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(30), 13815–13820 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghosh, Y.

C. Galland, Y. Ghosh, A. Steinbrück, J. A. Hollingsworth, H. Htoon, and V. I. Klimov, “Lifetime blinking in nonblinking nanocrystal quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 908 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, J.

Y. Zhang, J. He, P. N. Wang, J. Y. Chen, Z. J. Lu, D. R. Lu, J. Guo, C. C. Wang, and W. L. Yang, “Time-dependent photoluminescence blue shift of the quantum dots in living cells: Effect of oxidation by singlet oxygen,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(41), 13396–13401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ha, T.

S. Hohng and T. Ha, “Near-complete suppression of quantum dot blinking in ambient conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(5), 1324–1325 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamada, M.

S. Yamashita, M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, H. Saito, Y. Nosaka, S. Wakida, and V. Biju, “Auger ionization beats photo-oxidation of semiconductor quantum dots: extended stability of single-molecule photoluminescence,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54, 3892–3896 (2015).
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M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, T. Itoh, M. Ishikawa, and V. Biju, “Blinking suppression in CdSe/ZnS single quantum dots by TiO2 nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 4(8), 4445–4454 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamann, H. F.

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, ““On”/”off” fluorescence intermittency of single semiconductor quantum dots,” J. Chem. Phys. 115(2), 1028–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Nonexponential “blinking” kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: A universal power law behavior,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(7), 3117–3120 (2000).
[Crossref]

Han, R.

Y. Fan, H. Liu, R. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. Sha, and Y. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, C.

He, C. Y.

Q. G. Chen, T. Y. Zhou, C. Y. He, Y. Q. Jiang, and X. Chen, “An in situ applicable colorimetric Cu2+ sensor using quantum dot quenching,” Anal. Methods 3(7), 1471–1474 (2011).
[Crossref]

He, J.

Y. Zhang, J. He, P. N. Wang, J. Y. Chen, Z. J. Lu, D. R. Lu, J. Guo, C. C. Wang, and W. L. Yang, “Time-dependent photoluminescence blue shift of the quantum dots in living cells: Effect of oxidation by singlet oxygen,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(41), 13396–13401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofkens, J.

H. Yuan, E. Debroye, G. Caliandro, K. P. Janssen, J. van Loon, C. E. Kirschhock, J. A. Martens, J. Hofkens, and M. B. Roeffaers, “Photoluminescence blinking of single-crystal methylammonium lead Iodide perovskite nanorods induced by surface traps,” ACS Omega 1(1), 148–159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hohng, S.

S. Hohng and T. Ha, “Near-complete suppression of quantum dot blinking in ambient conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(5), 1324–1325 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hollingsworth, J. A.

C. Galland, Y. Ghosh, A. Steinbrück, J. A. Hollingsworth, H. Htoon, and V. I. Klimov, “Lifetime blinking in nonblinking nanocrystal quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 908 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Htoon, H.

C. Galland, Y. Ghosh, A. Steinbrück, J. A. Hollingsworth, H. Htoon, and V. I. Klimov, “Lifetime blinking in nonblinking nanocrystal quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 908 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, E.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290(5500), 2282–2285 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, F.

F. Hu, B. Lv, C. Yin, C. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, H.

Huang, L.

H. Cao, J. Ma, L. Huang, H. Qin, R. Meng, Y. Li, and X. Peng, “Design and synthesis of antiblinking and antibleaching quantum dots in multiple colors via wave function confinement,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(48), 15727–15735 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fan, H. Liu, R. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. Sha, and Y. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Q.

Hung, Y. J.

H. W. Cheng, C. T. Yuan, J. S. Wang, T. N. Lin, J. L. Shen, Y. J. Hung, J. Tang, and F. G. Tseng, “Modification of photon emission statistics from single colloidal CdSe quantum dots by conductive materials,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(31), 18126–18132 (2014).
[Crossref]

Imamoglu, A.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290(5500), 2282–2285 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, M.

M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, T. Itoh, M. Ishikawa, and V. Biju, “Blinking suppression in CdSe/ZnS single quantum dots by TiO2 nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 4(8), 4445–4454 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itoh, T.

M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, T. Itoh, M. Ishikawa, and V. Biju, “Blinking suppression in CdSe/ZnS single quantum dots by TiO2 nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 4(8), 4445–4454 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanova, O.

J. L. Nadeau, L. Carlini, D. Suffern, O. Ivanova, and S. E. Bradforth, “Effects of beta-mercaptoethanol on quantum dot emission evaluated from photoluminescence decays,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(4), 2728–2739 (2012).
[Crossref]

Janssen, K. P.

H. Yuan, E. Debroye, G. Caliandro, K. P. Janssen, J. van Loon, C. E. Kirschhock, J. A. Martens, J. Hofkens, and M. B. Roeffaers, “Photoluminescence blinking of single-crystal methylammonium lead Iodide perovskite nanorods induced by surface traps,” ACS Omega 1(1), 148–159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, S.

B. Li, G. Zhang, C. Yang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, H. Huang, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Fast recognition of single quantum dots from high multi-exciton emission and clustering effects,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4674–4685 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Li, G. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, R. Chen, Y. Gao, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single-molecule interfacial electron transfer dynamics manipulated by an external electric current,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(30), 13815–13820 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
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Jia, S. T.

Z. J. Li, G. F. Zhang, B. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Fan, H. Liu, R. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. Sha, and Y. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y. Q.

Q. G. Chen, T. Y. Zhou, C. Y. He, Y. Q. Jiang, and X. Chen, “An in situ applicable colorimetric Cu2+ sensor using quantum dot quenching,” Anal. Methods 3(7), 1471–1474 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jin, Z.

P. Zhao, Q. Xu, J. Tao, Z. Jin, Y. Pan, C. Yu, and Z. Yu, “Near infrared quantum dots in biomedical applications: current status and future perspective,” Nanomed. Nanobiotechnol. 10(3), 1483 (2017).

Kamat, P. V.

S. N. Sharma, Z. S. Pillai, and P. V. Kamat, “Photoinduced charge transfer between CdSe quantum dots and p-phenylenediamine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(37), 10088–10093 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. R.

M. R. Kim and D. Ma, “Quantum-dot-based solar cells: recent advances, strategies, and challenges,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 85–99 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiraz, A.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290(5500), 2282–2285 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirschhock, C. E.

H. Yuan, E. Debroye, G. Caliandro, K. P. Janssen, J. van Loon, C. E. Kirschhock, J. A. Martens, J. Hofkens, and M. B. Roeffaers, “Photoluminescence blinking of single-crystal methylammonium lead Iodide perovskite nanorods induced by surface traps,” ACS Omega 1(1), 148–159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klimov, V. I.

J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, J. Lim, A. F. Fidler, W. K. Bae, S. Brovelli, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectroscopic and device aspects of nanocrystal quantum dots,” Chem. Rev. 116(18), 10513–10622 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Park, W. K. Bae, J. M. Pietryga, and V. I. Klimov, “Auger recombination of biexcitons and negative and positive trions in individual quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(7), 7288–7296 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Galland, Y. Ghosh, A. Steinbrück, J. A. Hollingsworth, H. Htoon, and V. I. Klimov, “Lifetime blinking in nonblinking nanocrystal quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 908 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kulatunga, P.

E. Arnspang Christensen, P. Kulatunga, and B. C. Lagerholm, “A single molecule investigation of the photostability of quantum dots,” PLoS One 7(8), e44355 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuno, M.

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, ““On”/”off” fluorescence intermittency of single semiconductor quantum dots,” J. Chem. Phys. 115(2), 1028–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Nonexponential “blinking” kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: A universal power law behavior,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(7), 3117–3120 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lagerholm, B. C.

E. Arnspang Christensen, P. Kulatunga, and B. C. Lagerholm, “A single molecule investigation of the photostability of quantum dots,” PLoS One 7(8), e44355 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Law, W. C.

Lawrence, K. N.

K. N. Lawrence, P. Dutta, M. Nagaraju, M. B. Teunis, B. B. Muhoberac, and R. Sardar, “Dual role of electron-accepting metal-carboxylate ligands: reversible expansion of exciton delocalization and passivation of nonradiative trap-states in molecule-like CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(39), 12813–12825 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, W.

Li, B.

B. Li, G. Zhang, C. Yang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, H. Huang, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Fast recognition of single quantum dots from high multi-exciton emission and clustering effects,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4674–4685 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. J. Li, G. F. Zhang, B. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Li, G. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J. J.

Y. A. Wang, J. J. Li, H. Chen, and X. Peng, “Stabilization of inorganic nanocrystals by organic dendrons,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124(10), 2293–2298 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

H. Cao, J. Ma, L. Huang, H. Qin, R. Meng, Y. Li, and X. Peng, “Design and synthesis of antiblinking and antibleaching quantum dots in multiple colors via wave function confinement,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(48), 15727–15735 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

B. Li, G. Zhang, C. Yang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, H. Huang, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Fast recognition of single quantum dots from high multi-exciton emission and clustering effects,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4674–4685 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Li, G. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z. J.

Z. J. Li, G. F. Zhang, B. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lim, J.

J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, J. Lim, A. F. Fidler, W. K. Bae, S. Brovelli, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectroscopic and device aspects of nanocrystal quantum dots,” Chem. Rev. 116(18), 10513–10622 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, T. N.

H. W. Cheng, C. T. Yuan, J. S. Wang, T. N. Lin, J. L. Shen, Y. J. Hung, J. Tang, and F. G. Tseng, “Modification of photon emission statistics from single colloidal CdSe quantum dots by conductive materials,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(31), 18126–18132 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Y. Fan, H. Liu, R. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. Sha, and Y. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Lounis, B.

F. Hu, B. Lv, C. Yin, C. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, D. R.

Y. Zhang, J. He, P. N. Wang, J. Y. Chen, Z. J. Lu, D. R. Lu, J. Guo, C. C. Wang, and W. L. Yang, “Time-dependent photoluminescence blue shift of the quantum dots in living cells: Effect of oxidation by singlet oxygen,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(41), 13396–13401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Z. J.

Y. Zhang, J. He, P. N. Wang, J. Y. Chen, Z. J. Lu, D. R. Lu, J. Guo, C. C. Wang, and W. L. Yang, “Time-dependent photoluminescence blue shift of the quantum dots in living cells: Effect of oxidation by singlet oxygen,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(41), 13396–13401 (2006).
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Pan, Z.

Z. Pan, K. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Feng, and X. Zhong, “Near infrared absorption of CdSexTe1-x alloyed quantum dot sensitized solar cells with more than 6% efficiency and high stability,” ACS Nano 7(6), 5215–5222 (2013).
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Prehl, S.

I. Potapova, R. Mruk, S. Prehl, R. Zentel, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Semiconductor nanocrystals with multifunctional polymer ligands,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(2), 320–321 (2003).
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Z. J. Li, G. F. Zhang, B. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
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H. Qin, R. Meng, N. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence intermittency and photo-bleaching of single colloidal quantum dot,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606923 (2017).
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S. Wang, C. Querner, T. Emmons, M. Drndic, and C. H. Crouch, “Fluorescence blinking statistics from CdSe core and core/shell nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(46), 23221–23227 (2006).
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K. N. Lawrence, P. Dutta, M. Nagaraju, M. B. Teunis, B. B. Muhoberac, and R. Sardar, “Dual role of electron-accepting metal-carboxylate ligands: reversible expansion of exciton delocalization and passivation of nonradiative trap-states in molecule-like CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(39), 12813–12825 (2016).
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Tang, J.

H. W. Cheng, C. T. Yuan, J. S. Wang, T. N. Lin, J. L. Shen, Y. J. Hung, J. Tang, and F. G. Tseng, “Modification of photon emission statistics from single colloidal CdSe quantum dots by conductive materials,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(31), 18126–18132 (2014).
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J. Tang and R. A. Marcus, “Diffusion-controlled electron transfer processes and power-law statistics of fluorescence intermittency of nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(10), 107401 (2005).
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P. Zhao, Q. Xu, J. Tao, Z. Jin, Y. Pan, C. Yu, and Z. Yu, “Near infrared quantum dots in biomedical applications: current status and future perspective,” Nanomed. Nanobiotechnol. 10(3), 1483 (2017).

Tao, Z.

Teunis, M. B.

K. N. Lawrence, P. Dutta, M. Nagaraju, M. B. Teunis, B. B. Muhoberac, and R. Sardar, “Dual role of electron-accepting metal-carboxylate ligands: reversible expansion of exciton delocalization and passivation of nonradiative trap-states in molecule-like CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(39), 12813–12825 (2016).
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S. Ravikumar, R. Surekha, and R. Thavarajah, “Mounting media: An overview,” J. NTR. Univ. Health. Sci. 3, 1–8 (2014).

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A. Biebricher, M. Sauer, and P. Tinnefeld, “Radiative and nonradiative rate fluctuations of single colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(11), 5174–5178 (2006).
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H. Qin, R. Meng, N. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence intermittency and photo-bleaching of single colloidal quantum dot,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606923 (2017).
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S. Wang, C. Querner, T. Emmons, M. Drndic, and C. H. Crouch, “Fluorescence blinking statistics from CdSe core and core/shell nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(46), 23221–23227 (2006).
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F. Hu, B. Lv, C. Yin, C. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
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K. Welsher and H. Yang, “Multi-resolution 3D visualization of the early stages of cellular uptake of peptide-coated nanoparticles,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 198–203 (2014).
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P. Senellart, G. Solomon, and A. White, “High-performance semiconductor quantum-dot single-photon sources,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(11), 1026–1039 (2017).
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B. Li, G. Zhang, C. Yang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, H. Huang, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Fast recognition of single quantum dots from high multi-exciton emission and clustering effects,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4674–4685 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Li, G. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
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G. Zhang, L. Xiao, R. Chen, Y. Gao, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single-molecule interfacial electron transfer dynamics manipulated by an external electric current,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(30), 13815–13820 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
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Xiao, L. T.

Z. J. Li, G. F. Zhang, B. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
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Xiao, M.

F. Hu, B. Lv, C. Yin, C. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Q.

P. Zhao, Q. Xu, J. Tao, Z. Jin, Y. Pan, C. Yu, and Z. Yu, “Near infrared quantum dots in biomedical applications: current status and future perspective,” Nanomed. Nanobiotechnol. 10(3), 1483 (2017).

Xu, Z.

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita, M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, H. Saito, Y. Nosaka, S. Wakida, and V. Biju, “Auger ionization beats photo-oxidation of semiconductor quantum dots: extended stability of single-molecule photoluminescence,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54, 3892–3896 (2015).
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Yang, C.

Yang, H.

K. Welsher and H. Yang, “Multi-resolution 3D visualization of the early stages of cellular uptake of peptide-coated nanoparticles,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 198–203 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Y. Zhang, J. He, P. N. Wang, J. Y. Chen, Z. J. Lu, D. R. Lu, J. Guo, C. C. Wang, and W. L. Yang, “Time-dependent photoluminescence blue shift of the quantum dots in living cells: Effect of oxidation by singlet oxygen,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(41), 13396–13401 (2006).
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F. Hu, B. Lv, C. Yin, C. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
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Yong, K. T.

Yu, C.

P. Zhao, Q. Xu, J. Tao, Z. Jin, Y. Pan, C. Yu, and Z. Yu, “Near infrared quantum dots in biomedical applications: current status and future perspective,” Nanomed. Nanobiotechnol. 10(3), 1483 (2017).

Yu, Z.

P. Zhao, Q. Xu, J. Tao, Z. Jin, Y. Pan, C. Yu, and Z. Yu, “Near infrared quantum dots in biomedical applications: current status and future perspective,” Nanomed. Nanobiotechnol. 10(3), 1483 (2017).

Yuan, C. T.

H. W. Cheng, C. T. Yuan, J. S. Wang, T. N. Lin, J. L. Shen, Y. J. Hung, J. Tang, and F. G. Tseng, “Modification of photon emission statistics from single colloidal CdSe quantum dots by conductive materials,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(31), 18126–18132 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yuan, H.

H. Yuan, E. Debroye, G. Caliandro, K. P. Janssen, J. van Loon, C. E. Kirschhock, J. A. Martens, J. Hofkens, and M. B. Roeffaers, “Photoluminescence blinking of single-crystal methylammonium lead Iodide perovskite nanorods induced by surface traps,” ACS Omega 1(1), 148–159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentel, R.

I. Potapova, R. Mruk, S. Prehl, R. Zentel, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Semiconductor nanocrystals with multifunctional polymer ligands,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(2), 320–321 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.

F. Hu, B. Lv, C. Yin, C. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, F.

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
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Zhang, G.

B. Li, G. Zhang, C. Yang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, H. Huang, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Fast recognition of single quantum dots from high multi-exciton emission and clustering effects,” Opt. Express 26(4), 4674–4685 (2018).
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B. Li, G. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, R. Chen, Y. Gao, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single-molecule interfacial electron transfer dynamics manipulated by an external electric current,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(30), 13815–13820 (2011).
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G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
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Zhang, G. F.

Z. J. Li, G. F. Zhang, B. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
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Zhang, H.

Z. Pan, K. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Feng, and X. Zhong, “Near infrared absorption of CdSexTe1-x alloyed quantum dot sensitized solar cells with more than 6% efficiency and high stability,” ACS Nano 7(6), 5215–5222 (2013).
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Zhang, L.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290(5500), 2282–2285 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W. Q.

Y. W. Wang, Y. B. Zhang, and W. Q. Zhang, “First-principles study of the halide-passivation effects on the electronic structures of CdSe quantum dots,” RSC Advances 4(37), 19302–19309 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Q. Huang, J. Pan, Y. Zhang, J. Chen, Z. Tao, C. He, K. Zhou, Y. Tu, and W. Lei, “High-performance quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid hole transport layer via doping engineering,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25955–25963 (2016).
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Y. Zhang, J. He, P. N. Wang, J. Y. Chen, Z. J. Lu, D. R. Lu, J. Guo, C. C. Wang, and W. L. Yang, “Time-dependent photoluminescence blue shift of the quantum dots in living cells: Effect of oxidation by singlet oxygen,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(41), 13396–13401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y. B.

Y. W. Wang, Y. B. Zhang, and W. Q. Zhang, “First-principles study of the halide-passivation effects on the electronic structures of CdSe quantum dots,” RSC Advances 4(37), 19302–19309 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, K.

Z. Pan, K. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Feng, and X. Zhong, “Near infrared absorption of CdSexTe1-x alloyed quantum dot sensitized solar cells with more than 6% efficiency and high stability,” ACS Nano 7(6), 5215–5222 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, P.

P. Zhao, Q. Xu, J. Tao, Z. Jin, Y. Pan, C. Yu, and Z. Yu, “Near infrared quantum dots in biomedical applications: current status and future perspective,” Nanomed. Nanobiotechnol. 10(3), 1483 (2017).

Zhong, X.

Z. Pan, K. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Feng, and X. Zhong, “Near infrared absorption of CdSexTe1-x alloyed quantum dot sensitized solar cells with more than 6% efficiency and high stability,” ACS Nano 7(6), 5215–5222 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, K.

Zhou, T. Y.

Q. G. Chen, T. Y. Zhou, C. Y. He, Y. Q. Jiang, and X. Chen, “An in situ applicable colorimetric Cu2+ sensor using quantum dot quenching,” Anal. Methods 3(7), 1471–1474 (2011).
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ACS Nano (3)

Z. Pan, K. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Feng, and X. Zhong, “Near infrared absorption of CdSexTe1-x alloyed quantum dot sensitized solar cells with more than 6% efficiency and high stability,” ACS Nano 7(6), 5215–5222 (2013).
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Y. S. Park, W. K. Bae, J. M. Pietryga, and V. I. Klimov, “Auger recombination of biexcitons and negative and positive trions in individual quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(7), 7288–7296 (2014).
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M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, T. Itoh, M. Ishikawa, and V. Biju, “Blinking suppression in CdSe/ZnS single quantum dots by TiO2 nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 4(8), 4445–4454 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Omega (1)

H. Yuan, E. Debroye, G. Caliandro, K. P. Janssen, J. van Loon, C. E. Kirschhock, J. A. Martens, J. Hofkens, and M. B. Roeffaers, “Photoluminescence blinking of single-crystal methylammonium lead Iodide perovskite nanorods induced by surface traps,” ACS Omega 1(1), 148–159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

H. Qin, R. Meng, N. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence intermittency and photo-bleaching of single colloidal quantum dot,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606923 (2017).
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Anal. Methods (1)

Q. G. Chen, T. Y. Zhou, C. Y. He, Y. Q. Jiang, and X. Chen, “An in situ applicable colorimetric Cu2+ sensor using quantum dot quenching,” Anal. Methods 3(7), 1471–1474 (2011).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (1)

S. Yamashita, M. Hamada, S. Nakanishi, H. Saito, Y. Nosaka, S. Wakida, and V. Biju, “Auger ionization beats photo-oxidation of semiconductor quantum dots: extended stability of single-molecule photoluminescence,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54, 3892–3896 (2015).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. J. Li, G. F. Zhang, B. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, J. Lim, A. F. Fidler, W. K. Bae, S. Brovelli, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectroscopic and device aspects of nanocrystal quantum dots,” Chem. Rev. 116(18), 10513–10622 (2016).
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J. Am. Chem. Soc. (6)

S. Hohng and T. Ha, “Near-complete suppression of quantum dot blinking in ambient conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(5), 1324–1325 (2004).
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I. Potapova, R. Mruk, S. Prehl, R. Zentel, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Semiconductor nanocrystals with multifunctional polymer ligands,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(2), 320–321 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Ma, L. Huang, H. Qin, R. Meng, Y. Li, and X. Peng, “Design and synthesis of antiblinking and antibleaching quantum dots in multiple colors via wave function confinement,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(48), 15727–15735 (2016).
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Y. A. Wang, J. J. Li, H. Chen, and X. Peng, “Stabilization of inorganic nanocrystals by organic dendrons,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124(10), 2293–2298 (2002).
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K. N. Lawrence, P. Dutta, M. Nagaraju, M. B. Teunis, B. B. Muhoberac, and R. Sardar, “Dual role of electron-accepting metal-carboxylate ligands: reversible expansion of exciton delocalization and passivation of nonradiative trap-states in molecule-like CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(39), 12813–12825 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, J. He, P. N. Wang, J. Y. Chen, Z. J. Lu, D. R. Lu, J. Guo, C. C. Wang, and W. L. Yang, “Time-dependent photoluminescence blue shift of the quantum dots in living cells: Effect of oxidation by singlet oxygen,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(41), 13396–13401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Nonexponential “blinking” kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: A universal power law behavior,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(7), 3117–3120 (2000).
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M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, ““On”/”off” fluorescence intermittency of single semiconductor quantum dots,” J. Chem. Phys. 115(2), 1028–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. NTR. Univ. Health. Sci. (1)

S. Ravikumar, R. Surekha, and R. Thavarajah, “Mounting media: An overview,” J. NTR. Univ. Health. Sci. 3, 1–8 (2014).

J. Phys. Chem. B (3)

S. N. Sharma, Z. S. Pillai, and P. V. Kamat, “Photoinduced charge transfer between CdSe quantum dots and p-phenylenediamine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(37), 10088–10093 (2003).
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A. Biebricher, M. Sauer, and P. Tinnefeld, “Radiative and nonradiative rate fluctuations of single colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(11), 5174–5178 (2006).
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S. Wang, C. Querner, T. Emmons, M. Drndic, and C. H. Crouch, “Fluorescence blinking statistics from CdSe core and core/shell nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(46), 23221–23227 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. C (2)

J. L. Nadeau, L. Carlini, D. Suffern, O. Ivanova, and S. E. Bradforth, “Effects of beta-mercaptoethanol on quantum dot emission evaluated from photoluminescence decays,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(4), 2728–2739 (2012).
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H. W. Cheng, C. T. Yuan, J. S. Wang, T. N. Lin, J. L. Shen, Y. J. Hung, J. Tang, and F. G. Tseng, “Modification of photon emission statistics from single colloidal CdSe quantum dots by conductive materials,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(31), 18126–18132 (2014).
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J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

M. R. Kim and D. Ma, “Quantum-dot-based solar cells: recent advances, strategies, and challenges,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 85–99 (2015).
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Nano Lett. (1)

V. Fomenko and D. J. Nesbitt, “Solution control of radiative and nonradiative lifetimes: A novel contribution to quantum dot blinking suppression,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 287–293 (2008).
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Nanomed. Nanobiotechnol. (1)

P. Zhao, Q. Xu, J. Tao, Z. Jin, Y. Pan, C. Yu, and Z. Yu, “Near infrared quantum dots in biomedical applications: current status and future perspective,” Nanomed. Nanobiotechnol. 10(3), 1483 (2017).

Nat. Commun. (1)

C. Galland, Y. Ghosh, A. Steinbrück, J. A. Hollingsworth, H. Htoon, and V. I. Klimov, “Lifetime blinking in nonblinking nanocrystal quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 908 (2012).
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Nat. Methods (1)

V. Marx, “Probes: paths to photostability,” Nat. Methods 12(3), 187–190 (2015).
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Nat. Nanotechnol. (2)

P. Senellart, G. Solomon, and A. White, “High-performance semiconductor quantum-dot single-photon sources,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(11), 1026–1039 (2017).
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K. Welsher and H. Yang, “Multi-resolution 3D visualization of the early stages of cellular uptake of peptide-coated nanoparticles,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 198–203 (2014).
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Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2)

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, R. Chen, Y. Gao, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single-molecule interfacial electron transfer dynamics manipulated by an external electric current,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(30), 13815–13820 (2011).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Tang and R. A. Marcus, “Diffusion-controlled electron transfer processes and power-law statistics of fluorescence intermittency of nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(10), 107401 (2005).
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F. Hu, B. Lv, C. Yin, C. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
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PLoS One (1)

E. Arnspang Christensen, P. Kulatunga, and B. C. Lagerholm, “A single molecule investigation of the photostability of quantum dots,” PLoS One 7(8), e44355 (2012).
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RSC Advances (1)

Y. W. Wang, Y. B. Zhang, and W. Q. Zhang, “First-principles study of the halide-passivation effects on the electronic structures of CdSe quantum dots,” RSC Advances 4(37), 19302–19309 (2014).
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Sci. Rep. (2)

Y. Fan, H. Liu, R. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. Sha, and Y. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
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B. Li, G. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290(5500), 2282–2285 (2000).
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Sol. Energy (1)

S. Rühle, “Tabulated values of the Shockley-Queisser limit for single junction solar cells,” Sol. Energy 130, 139–147 (2016).
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Other (1)

A. L. Efros, “Fine structure and polarization properties of band-edge excitons in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Marcel Dekker, Inc: New York (2003).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Photoluminescence (PL) images for single QDs on glass (a) and in PPD (b) by using wide-field fluorescence imaging microscope before photo-excitation, respectively. PL images for the single QDs on glass (c) and in PPD (d) after the constant photo-excitation of an hour, respectively. (Scale bars: 5 μm.) (e, f) Pie charts of survival times for 100 studied single QDs on glass and in PPD by using confocal scanning fluorescence microscope, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Typical PL trajectory and corresponding histogram for single QDs on glass. (b) Typical PL trajectories and corresponding histogram for single QDs in PPD. (c) Histograms of the proportion of on-state for ~100 studied single QDs on glass and in PPD, respectively. (d) Histograms of the number of emitted photons for ~100 studied single QDs on glass and in PPD, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Normalized probability densities of on-states ( P on (t)) and off-states ( P off (t)) for single QDs on glass and in PPD, respectively. The solid lines are well fitted by a truncated power law.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Fluorescence decay curves and monoexponential fits for single QDs on glass and in PPD. (b) Histograms of lifetimes for single QDs on glass (blue) and in PPD (red), respectively, with Gaussian fitting (green curves). (c) Typical second-order correlation function curve of single QDs in PPD with g(2)(0) of 0.064. (d) Absorption and emission spectra of CdSeTe/ZnS QDs, the green, blue and red lines represent the absorption spectrum, emission spectra of single QDs in glycerin without PPD and with PPD, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Possible interactions of PPD with single CdSeTe/ZnS3ML core/multi-shell QDs. PPD can reduce reactive oxygen species (ROS) in solution and bind with surface defect sites to passivate the QDs to suppress PL intermittency. (b) Schematic of the excitation-relaxation cycle of single QD. The PPD removes electron trap states to suppress the photo-generated electron transfer from excited QD to trap states. CB and VB are the conduction band and valence band, respectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 PL images for single QDs in PPD by using wide-field fluorescence imaging microscope under the laser excitation power density of 2.7 × 106 mW/cm2 before photo-excitation (a), and after the constant photo-excitation of an hour (c). PL images for single QDs in PPD under the laser excitation power density of 2.8 × 107 mW/cm2 before photo-excitation (b) and after the one-hour measurements (d). (Scale bars: 5 μm.)
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 PL wide-field fluorescence images for single QDs in different PPD concentrations before and after the one-hour measurements under the laser excitation power density of 2.8 × 107 mW/cm2. The PPD concentrations are 50 μM (a, e), 5 μM (b, f), 0.5 μM (c, g) and 0 μM (d, h), respectively. (Scale bars: 5 μm.)
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) A typical PL trajectory with three different emissivities labeled by three color bands. The red, blue, and purple correspond to neutral exciton (X) states, negative trion (X-) state and positive trion (X + ) states, respectively. (b) The corresponding histograms of PL intensities with three intensity peaks indicating by the same color bands. (c) The corresponding fluorescence decay curves and monoexponential fits for the three states. The lifetime values: τ (X) = 96 ns, τ (X-) = 21 ns and τ (X + ) = 1.1 ns.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Typical PL trajectory for single QDs in glycerin. (b) Typical PL decay curves and monoexponential fits for single QDs in glycerin with PPD (red) and without PPD (blue). (c) Histograms of lifetimes for single QDs in glycerin with PPD (red) and without PPD (blue), respectively, with Gaussian fitting (green curves). (d, e) PL images for single QDs in glycerin by using wide-field fluorescence imaging microscope before photo-excitation and after the constant photo-excitation of an hour, respectively. (Scale bars: 5 μm.)

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Fitting parameters for normalized probability density of on-state ( P on (t)) and off-state ( P off (t)) for ~100 single QDs on glass and in PPD, respectively.

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