Abstract

Generation of high-order modes with high quality is important for the application of cylindrical vector beams in fibers. We experimentally demonstrated high-order LP11 mode generation and amplification with a broad bandwidth in an all few-mode fiber laser. A wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) mode selective coupler (MSC) is proposed to achieve efficient mode conversion from LP01 mode to LP11 mode, but also combine high-order LP11 modes at the wavelengths of 980/1550 nm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the high-order mode oscillation in an all few-mode fiber laser. LP11 mode and cylindrical vector beams including radially and azimuthally polarized beams are obtained with high modal purity. The purity of the generated high-order modes are all in excess of 95%.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (4)

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photonics Res. 6(5), 396–402(2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).

2017 (9)

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(16), 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. G. Wright, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, “Spatiotemporal mode-locking in multimode fiber lasers,” Science. 358(6359), 94–97 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rahimian, F. Bouchard, H. Al-Khazraji, E. Karimi, P. Corkum, and V. Bhardwaj, “Polarization dependent nanostructuring of silicon with femtosecond vortex pulse,” APL Photonics 2(8), 086104 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Wei, W. Zhang, L. Huang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams and optical vortex by two acoustically induced fiber gratings with orthogonal vibration directions,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2733–2741 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, H. Li, M. Tang, W. Jin, W. Jian, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation based on two orthogonal lp modes in optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 901–904 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 35(11), 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Wei, W. Zhang, L. Huang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams and optical vortex by two acoustically induced fiber gratings with orthogonal vibration directions,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2733–2741 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (8)

Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, B. Sun, L. Xu, F. Li, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Actively mode-locked all fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam output,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 548–550 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ismaeel and G. Brambilla, “Removing the directional degeneracy of LP11 mode in a fused-type mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 34(4), 1242–1246 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Pidishety, B. Srinivasan, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused coupler for stable generation of radially and azimuthally polarized beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 31–34 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. J. Park, K. Y. Song, Y. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and B. Y. Kim, “Broadband mode division multiplexer using all-fiber mode selective couplers,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3543–3549 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, L. Huang, K. Wei, P. Li, B. Jiang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, G. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “High-order optical vortex generation in a few-mode fiber via cascaded acoustically driven vector mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 41(21), 5082–5085 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Antenucci, A. Crisanti, M. Ibáñez-Berganza, A. Marruzzo, and L. Leuzzi, “Statistical mechanics models for multimode lasers and random lasers,” Philos. Mag. 96(7–9), 704–731 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. D’Aguanno and C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear mode coupling in whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043820 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (4)

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: A review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Ismaeel, T. Lee, B. Oduro, Y. Jung, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused directional coupler for highly efficient spatial mode conversion,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11610–11619 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xia, G. Li, N. Bai, and N. Zhao, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 5041–5046 (2014).

2013 (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

Al-Khazraji, H.

M. Rahimian, F. Bouchard, H. Al-Khazraji, E. Karimi, P. Corkum, and V. Bhardwaj, “Polarization dependent nanostructuring of silicon with femtosecond vortex pulse,” APL Photonics 2(8), 086104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Alvarado-Zacarias, J. C.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

Alvarez-Aguirre, R. A.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

Antenucci, F.

F. Antenucci, A. Crisanti, M. Ibáñez-Berganza, A. Marruzzo, and L. Leuzzi, “Statistical mechanics models for multimode lasers and random lasers,” Philos. Mag. 96(7–9), 704–731 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bai, N.

C. Xia, G. Li, N. Bai, and N. Zhao, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 5041–5046 (2014).

Bhardwaj, V.

M. Rahimian, F. Bouchard, H. Al-Khazraji, E. Karimi, P. Corkum, and V. Bhardwaj, “Polarization dependent nanostructuring of silicon with femtosecond vortex pulse,” APL Photonics 2(8), 086104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bouchard, F.

M. Rahimian, F. Bouchard, H. Al-Khazraji, E. Karimi, P. Corkum, and V. Bhardwaj, “Polarization dependent nanostructuring of silicon with femtosecond vortex pulse,” APL Photonics 2(8), 086104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Brambilla, G.

S. Pidishety, B. Srinivasan, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused coupler for stable generation of radially and azimuthally polarized beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 31–34 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Ismaeel and G. Brambilla, “Removing the directional degeneracy of LP11 mode in a fused-type mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 34(4), 1242–1246 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Ismaeel, T. Lee, B. Oduro, Y. Jung, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused directional coupler for highly efficient spatial mode conversion,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11610–11619 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Y.

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).

Cao, N.

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photonics Res. 6(5), 396–402(2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

Chen, H.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, R. S.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(16), 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chiang, K. S.

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

Christodoulides, D. N.

L. G. Wright, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, “Spatiotemporal mode-locking in multimode fiber lasers,” Science. 358(6359), 94–97 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, D.

Codemard, C. A.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: A review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P.

M. Rahimian, F. Bouchard, H. Al-Khazraji, E. Karimi, P. Corkum, and V. Bhardwaj, “Polarization dependent nanostructuring of silicon with femtosecond vortex pulse,” APL Photonics 2(8), 086104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Correa, R. A.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

Crisanti, A.

F. Antenucci, A. Crisanti, M. Ibáñez-Berganza, A. Marruzzo, and L. Leuzzi, “Statistical mechanics models for multimode lasers and random lasers,” Philos. Mag. 96(7–9), 704–731 (2016).
[Crossref]

D’Aguanno, G.

G. D’Aguanno and C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear mode coupling in whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043820 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dong, J.

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, C.

Essiambre, R. J.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Feng, T.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gao, F.

Grégoire, N.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gu, C.

Hu, X.

Huang, B.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

Huang, S.

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 35(11), 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ibáñez-Berganza, M.

F. Antenucci, A. Crisanti, M. Ibáñez-Berganza, A. Marruzzo, and L. Leuzzi, “Statistical mechanics models for multimode lasers and random lasers,” Philos. Mag. 96(7–9), 704–731 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ismaeel, R.

R. Ismaeel and G. Brambilla, “Removing the directional degeneracy of LP11 mode in a fused-type mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 34(4), 1242–1246 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Ismaeel, T. Lee, B. Oduro, Y. Jung, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused directional coupler for highly efficient spatial mode conversion,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11610–11619 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jensen, R.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jian, S.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, H. Li, M. Tang, W. Jin, W. Jian, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation based on two orthogonal lp modes in optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 901–904 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jian, W.

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, H. Li, M. Tang, W. Jin, W. Jian, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation based on two orthogonal lp modes in optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 901–904 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, B.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, L. Huang, K. Wei, P. Li, B. Jiang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, G. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “High-order optical vortex generation in a few-mode fiber via cascaded acoustically driven vector mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 41(21), 5082–5085 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, H. Li, M. Tang, W. Jin, W. Jian, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation based on two orthogonal lp modes in optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 901–904 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jin, C.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jin, W.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, H. Li, M. Tang, W. Jin, W. Jian, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation based on two orthogonal lp modes in optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 901–904 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jung, Y.

Karimi, E.

M. Rahimian, F. Bouchard, H. Al-Khazraji, E. Karimi, P. Corkum, and V. Bhardwaj, “Polarization dependent nanostructuring of silicon with femtosecond vortex pulse,” APL Photonics 2(8), 086104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, Y. K.

Lahoubi, M.

L. Luo, S. Pu, J. Tang, X. Zeng, and M. Lahoubi, “Highly sensitive magnetic field sensor based on microfiber coupler with magnetic fluid,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(19), 816–5408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

Lee, T.

Leuzzi, L.

F. Antenucci, A. Crisanti, M. Ibáñez-Berganza, A. Marruzzo, and L. Leuzzi, “Statistical mechanics models for multimode lasers and random lasers,” Philos. Mag. 96(7–9), 704–731 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

Li, G.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Xia, G. Li, N. Bai, and N. Zhao, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 5041–5046 (2014).

Li, H.

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, H. Li, M. Tang, W. Jin, W. Jian, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation based on two orthogonal lp modes in optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 901–904 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, P.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, L. Huang, K. Wei, P. Li, B. Jiang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, G. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “High-order optical vortex generation in a few-mode fiber via cascaded acoustically driven vector mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 41(21), 5082–5085 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, S.

Lin, Z.

Liu, M.

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photonics Res. 6(5), 396–402(2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Luo, L.

L. Luo, S. Pu, J. Tang, X. Zeng, and M. Lahoubi, “Highly sensitive magnetic field sensor based on microfiber coupler with magnetic fluid,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(19), 816–5408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mao, D.

Marruzzo, A.

F. Antenucci, A. Crisanti, M. Ibáñez-Berganza, A. Marruzzo, and L. Leuzzi, “Statistical mechanics models for multimode lasers and random lasers,” Philos. Mag. 96(7–9), 704–731 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mei, T.

Menyuk, C. R.

G. D’Aguanno and C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear mode coupling in whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043820 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ming, H.

Mo, Q.

Morency, S.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oduro, B.

Pang, F.

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photonics Res. 6(5), 396–402(2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 35(11), 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

Park, K. J.

Pidishety, S.

S. Pidishety, B. Srinivasan, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused coupler for stable generation of radially and azimuthally polarized beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 31–34 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pu, S.

L. Luo, S. Pu, J. Tang, X. Zeng, and M. Lahoubi, “Highly sensitive magnetic field sensor based on microfiber coupler with magnetic fluid,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(19), 816–5408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rahimian, M.

M. Rahimian, F. Bouchard, H. Al-Khazraji, E. Karimi, P. Corkum, and V. Bhardwaj, “Polarization dependent nanostructuring of silicon with femtosecond vortex pulse,” APL Photonics 2(8), 086104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ren, G.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, H. Li, M. Tang, W. Jin, W. Jian, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation based on two orthogonal lp modes in optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 901–904 (2017).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ryf, R.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shang, K.

H. Chen, C. Jin, B. Huang, N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. Shang, N. Grégoire, S. Morency, R. J. Essiambre, and G. Li, “Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 529–533 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shi, F.

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 35(11), 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

Song, K. Y.

Srinivasan, B.

S. Pidishety, B. Srinivasan, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused coupler for stable generation of radially and azimuthally polarized beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 31–34 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

Sun, Y.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tang, J.

L. Luo, S. Pu, J. Tang, X. Zeng, and M. Lahoubi, “Highly sensitive magnetic field sensor based on microfiber coupler with magnetic fluid,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(19), 816–5408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tang, M.

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, H. Li, M. Tang, W. Jin, W. Jian, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation based on two orthogonal lp modes in optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 901–904 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wan, H.

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).

Wang, A.

Wang, A. T.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(16), 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 35(11), 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).

S. Li, Q. Mo, X. Hu, C. Du, and J. Wang, “Controllable all-fiber orbital angular momentum mode converter,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4376–4379 (2015).
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Wang, T.

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photonics Res. 6(5), 396–402(2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photonics Res. 6(5), 396–402(2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 35(11), 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 35(11), 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

Weerdenburg, J. V.

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wei, K.

Wise, F. W.

L. G. Wright, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, “Spatiotemporal mode-locking in multimode fiber lasers,” Science. 358(6359), 94–97 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wright, L. G.

L. G. Wright, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, “Spatiotemporal mode-locking in multimode fiber lasers,” Science. 358(6359), 94–97 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xia, C.

C. Xia, G. Li, N. Bai, and N. Zhao, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 5041–5046 (2014).

Xu, L.

Xu, L. X.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(16), 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yan, K.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(16), 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, A.

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photonics Res. 6(5), 396–402(2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yao, S.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X.

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photonics Res. 6(5), 396–402(2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 35(11), 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Luo, S. Pu, J. Tang, X. Zeng, and M. Lahoubi, “Highly sensitive magnetic field sensor based on microfiber coupler with magnetic fluid,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(19), 816–5408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zervas, M. N.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: A review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, G.

Zhang, L.

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).

Zhao, J.

Zhao, N.

C. Xia, G. Li, N. Bai, and N. Zhao, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 5041–5046 (2014).

Zheng, J.

J. Zheng, A. Yang, T. Wang, N. Cao, M. Liu, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Switchable wavelength vortex beams based on polarization-dependent micro-knot resonator,” Photonics Res. 6(5), 396–402(2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(16), 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, B. Sun, L. Xu, F. Li, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Actively mode-locked all fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam output,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 548–550 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, B.

Y. Shen, G. Ren, Y. Yang, S. Yao, Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Xu, W. Jin, B. Zhu, and S. Jian, “Switchable narrow linewidth fiber laser with LP11 transverse mode output,” Opt. Laser Technol. 98, 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

C. Xia, G. Li, N. Bai, and N. Zhao, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 5041–5046 (2014).

APL Photonics (1)

M. Rahimian, F. Bouchard, H. Al-Khazraji, E. Karimi, P. Corkum, and V. Bhardwaj, “Polarization dependent nanostructuring of silicon with femtosecond vortex pulse,” APL Photonics 2(8), 086104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. Zhou, K. Yan, R. S. Chen, C. Gu, L. X. Xu, A. T. Wang, and Q. Zhan, “Resonance efficiency enhancement for cylindrical vector fiber laser with optically induced long period grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(16), 161104 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Luo, S. Pu, J. Tang, X. Zeng, and M. Lahoubi, “Highly sensitive magnetic field sensor based on microfiber coupler with magnetic fluid,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(19), 816–5408 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: A review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

S. Pidishety, B. Srinivasan, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused coupler for stable generation of radially and azimuthally polarized beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 31–34 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, G. Ren, H. Li, M. Tang, W. Jin, W. Jian, and S. Jian, “Tunable orbital angular momentum generation based on two orthogonal lp modes in optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 901–904 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Light. Technol. (3)

J. V. Weerdenburg, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. A. Alvarez-Aguirre, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. A. Correa, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and R. Jensen, “138 Tbit/s mode- and wavelength multiplexed transmission over 6-mode graded-index fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36(6), 1369–1374 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. Wang, F. Shi, F. Pang, S. Huang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex beams in all-fiber mode-locked fiber laser using mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 35(11), 2161–2166 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Ismaeel and G. Brambilla, “Removing the directional degeneracy of LP11 mode in a fused-type mode selective coupler,” J. Light. Technol. 34(4), 1242–1246 (2016).
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Nat. Photonics (2)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The mode effective index curves for the LP01 mode in the SMF and LP11 mode in the FMF versus cladding radius at the wavelength of 980 nm. The inset shows the model of the 980/1550 nm WDM-MSC in Rsoft. (b) 980 nm LP01 mode is launched in the SMF input port. (c) 1550 nm LP11 mode is launched in the FMF input port.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmission spectra of 980/1550 nm WDM-MSC. The inset shows the excited 980 nm LP11 mode.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup used for LP11 mode oscillation in an all FMF laser. FM-EDF: few-mode erbium-doped fiber; PC: polarization controller; OSA: optical spectrum analyzer; CCD: charge coupled device, infrared camera.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Optical spectra of FMF laser, the insets show the generated LP11 mode of FMF laser and spectra from 1530 nm to 1660 nm. (b) The relationship between pump and output powers.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Optical spectrum of the LP01 mode pulse. (b) Mode-locked pulse trains of fiber laser. (c) Optical spectra of the LP11 mode pulses. (d) Gain spectra of FM-EDF at different pump power.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Spectrum of FMF laser, the inset shows the near-field pattern of the generated LP11 mode. (b) The relationship between pump and output powers.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Intensity distribution of LP11 modes in different part of FMF laser. (a) 980 nm LP11 mode output of 980/1550 nm WDM-MSC. (b) Pulsed LP11 mode output of 1550 nm mode coupler. LP11 mode output of FM-EDF when pump is (c) off and (d) on.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Near-field intensity distribution of TM01 (top) and TE01 (bottom) modes, respectively. Two-lobe-shaped intensity patterns rotated with the polarizer. The white arrows indicate the polarizer axis.

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