Abstract

High spatial and temporal resolution estimates of the particle size distribution (PSD) in the surface ocean can enable improved understanding of biogeochemistry and ecosystem dynamics. Oceanic PSD measurements remain rare due to the time-consuming, manual sampling methods of common particle sizing instruments. Here, we evaluate the utility of measuring particle size data at high spatial resolution with a commercially-available submersible laser diffraction particle sizer (LISST-100X, Sequoia Scientific), operating in an automated mode with continuously flowing seawater. The LISST PSD agreed reasonably well with discrete PSD measurements obtained with a Coulter Counter and data from the flow-through sampling Imaging Flow-Cytobot, validating our methodology. Total particulate area and Volume derived from the LISST PSD agreed well with beam-attenuation and particulate organic carbon respectively, further validating the LISST PSD. Furthermore, When compared to the measured spectral characteristics of particulate beam attenuation, we find a significant correlation. However, no significant relationship between the PSD and spectral particulate backscattering was found.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  2. R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
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  5. B. Barone, M. J. Church, D. M. Karl, R. M. Letelier, and A. E. White, “Particle distributions and dynamics from laser diffraction in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre,” J. Geophys. Res. 120, 3229–3247 (2015).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  13. E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
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  16. L. Karp-Boss, L. Azevedo, and E. Boss, “LISST-100 measurements of phytoplankton size distribution: evaluation of the effects of cell shape,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Meth. 5, 396–406 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. R. J. Olsen and H. Sosik, “A submersible imaging-in-flow instrument to analyze nano-and microplankton: Imaging FlowCytobot,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 5, 195–203 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  24. K. Davidson, E. C. Roberts, and L.C. Gilpin, “The relationship between carbon and biovolume in marine microbial mesocosms under different nutrient regimes,” Eur. J. Phycol.,  37, 501–507 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  25. T.K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M.J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18, 15419–15425 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M.J. Behrenfeld, and T.K. Westberry, “Particulate optical scattering coefficients along an Atlantic Meridional Transect,” Opt. Express 2021532–21551 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  27. I. Cetinic, N. Poulton, and W. H. Slade, “Characterizing the phytoplankton soup: pump and plumbing effects on the particle assemblage in underway optical seawater systems,” Opt. Express,  24, 20703–20715 (2016)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
    [Crossref]

2016 (2)

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Cetinic, N. Poulton, and W. H. Slade, “Characterizing the phytoplankton soup: pump and plumbing effects on the particle assemblage in underway optical seawater systems,” Opt. Express,  24, 20703–20715 (2016)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

W. H. Slade and E. Boss, “Spectral attenuation and backscattering as indicators of average particle size,” Appl. Opt. 54(24), 7264–7277 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Barone, M. J. Church, D. M. Karl, R. M. Letelier, and A. E. White, “Particle distributions and dynamics from laser diffraction in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre,” J. Geophys. Res. 120, 3229–3247 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. R. Graff, T. K. Westberry, A. J. Milligan, M. B. Brown, G. Dall’Olmo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, K. M. Reifel, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Analytical phytoplankton carbon measurements spanning diverse ecosystems,” Deep Sea Res. I,  102, 16–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

E. A. Moberg and H. Sosik, “Distance maps to estimate cell volume from two-dimensional plankton images,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 10, 278–288 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M.J. Behrenfeld, and T.K. Westberry, “Particulate optical scattering coefficients along an Atlantic Meridional Transect,” Opt. Express 2021532–21551 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, V. M. Wright, and S. B. Wozniak, “Measurements and characterization of particle size distributions in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 115C08024 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M.R. Langner, J. Loftin, M.J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T.K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation”, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech.,  27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

T.K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M.J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18, 15419–15425 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

E. Boss, W. H. Slade, M. Behrenfeld, and G. Dall’Olmo, “Acceptance angle effects on the beam attenuation in the ocean,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1535–1550 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6, 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. S. Kostadinov, D. A. Siegel, and S. Maritorena, “Retrieval of the particle size distribution from satellite ocean color observations,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, C09015 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

R. J. Olsen and H. Sosik, “A submersible imaging-in-flow instrument to analyze nano-and microplankton: Imaging FlowCytobot,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 5, 195–203 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Karp-Boss, L. Azevedo, and E. Boss, “LISST-100 measurements of phytoplankton size distribution: evaluation of the effects of cell shape,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Meth. 5, 396–406 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. J. Behrenfeld and E. Boss, “Beam attenuation and chlorophyll concentration as alternative optical indices of phytoplankton biomass,” J. Mar. Res. 64, 431–451 (2006).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

K. Davidson, E. C. Roberts, and L.C. Gilpin, “The relationship between carbon and biovolume in marine microbial mesocosms under different nutrient regimes,” Eur. J. Phycol.,  37, 501–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, W. D. Gardner, J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard., M. S. Twardowski, G. C. Chang, and T. D. Dickey, “Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9509–9516 (2001).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, M. S. Twardowski, and S. Herring, “Shape of the particulate beam attenuation spectrum and its relation to the size distribution of oceanic particles,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4885–4893 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

Y. C. Agrawal and H. C. Pottsmith, “Instruments for particle size and settling velocity observations in sediment transport,” Mar. Geol. 168, 89–114 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

P. Traykovski, R. J. Latter, and J. D. Irish, “A laboratory evaluation of the laser in situ scattering and transmissometery instrument using natural sediments,” Mar. Geol. 159, 355–367 (1999).
[Crossref]

S.B. Moran, M. A. Charette, S. M. Pike, and C. A. Wicklund, “Differences in seawater particulate organic carbon concentration in samples collected using small- and large-volume methods: the importance of DOC adsorption to the filter blank,” Mar. Chem. 67, 33–42 (1999).
[Crossref]

1954 (1)

F. Volz, “Die Optik und Meterologie der atmospharischen Trubung,” Ber. Dtsch. Wetterdienstes 2, 3–47 (1954).

Agrawal, Y. C.

Y. C. Agrawal and H. C. Pottsmith, “Instruments for particle size and settling velocity observations in sediment transport,” Mar. Geol. 168, 89–114 (2000).
[Crossref]

Azevedo, L.

L. Karp-Boss, L. Azevedo, and E. Boss, “LISST-100 measurements of phytoplankton size distribution: evaluation of the effects of cell shape,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Meth. 5, 396–406 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barnard., A. H.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, W. D. Gardner, J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard., M. S. Twardowski, G. C. Chang, and T. D. Dickey, “Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9509–9516 (2001).
[Crossref]

Barone, B.

B. Barone, M. J. Church, D. M. Karl, R. M. Letelier, and A. E. White, “Particle distributions and dynamics from laser diffraction in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre,” J. Geophys. Res. 120, 3229–3247 (2015).
[Crossref]

Behrenfeld, M.

Behrenfeld, M. J.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. R. Graff, T. K. Westberry, A. J. Milligan, M. B. Brown, G. Dall’Olmo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, K. M. Reifel, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Analytical phytoplankton carbon measurements spanning diverse ecosystems,” Deep Sea Res. I,  102, 16–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6, 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld and E. Boss, “Beam attenuation and chlorophyll concentration as alternative optical indices of phytoplankton biomass,” J. Mar. Res. 64, 431–451 (2006).
[Crossref]

Behrenfeld, M.J.

Benitez-Nelson, C. R.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

Boss, E.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. H. Slade and E. Boss, “Spectral attenuation and backscattering as indicators of average particle size,” Appl. Opt. 54(24), 7264–7277 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M.J. Behrenfeld, and T.K. Westberry, “Particulate optical scattering coefficients along an Atlantic Meridional Transect,” Opt. Express 2021532–21551 (2012).
[Crossref]

T.K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M.J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18, 15419–15425 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M.R. Langner, J. Loftin, M.J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T.K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation”, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech.,  27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6, 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, W. H. Slade, M. Behrenfeld, and G. Dall’Olmo, “Acceptance angle effects on the beam attenuation in the ocean,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1535–1550 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Karp-Boss, L. Azevedo, and E. Boss, “LISST-100 measurements of phytoplankton size distribution: evaluation of the effects of cell shape,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Meth. 5, 396–406 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld and E. Boss, “Beam attenuation and chlorophyll concentration as alternative optical indices of phytoplankton biomass,” J. Mar. Res. 64, 431–451 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, M. S. Twardowski, and S. Herring, “Shape of the particulate beam attenuation spectrum and its relation to the size distribution of oceanic particles,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4885–4893 (2001).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, W. D. Gardner, J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard., M. S. Twardowski, G. C. Chang, and T. D. Dickey, “Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9509–9516 (2001).
[Crossref]

Brewin, R. J. W.

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

Bricaud, A.

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

Brown, M. B.

J. R. Graff, T. K. Westberry, A. J. Milligan, M. B. Brown, G. Dall’Olmo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, K. M. Reifel, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Analytical phytoplankton carbon measurements spanning diverse ecosystems,” Deep Sea Res. I,  102, 16–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

Brzezinski, M.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

Buesseler, K. O.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

Burd, A.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

Carlson, C. A.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cetinic, I.

Chang, G. C.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, W. D. Gardner, J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard., M. S. Twardowski, G. C. Chang, and T. D. Dickey, “Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9509–9516 (2001).
[Crossref]

Charette, M. A.

S.B. Moran, M. A. Charette, S. M. Pike, and C. A. Wicklund, “Differences in seawater particulate organic carbon concentration in samples collected using small- and large-volume methods: the importance of DOC adsorption to the filter blank,” Mar. Chem. 67, 33–42 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chase, A.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Church, M. J.

B. Barone, M. J. Church, D. M. Karl, R. M. Letelier, and A. E. White, “Particle distributions and dynamics from laser diffraction in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre,” J. Geophys. Res. 120, 3229–3247 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ciotti, A.

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

Claustre, H.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

D’Asaro, E. A.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dall’Olmo, G.

J. R. Graff, T. K. Westberry, A. J. Milligan, M. B. Brown, G. Dall’Olmo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, K. M. Reifel, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Analytical phytoplankton carbon measurements spanning diverse ecosystems,” Deep Sea Res. I,  102, 16–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M.J. Behrenfeld, and T.K. Westberry, “Particulate optical scattering coefficients along an Atlantic Meridional Transect,” Opt. Express 2021532–21551 (2012).
[Crossref]

T.K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M.J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18, 15419–15425 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M.R. Langner, J. Loftin, M.J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T.K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation”, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech.,  27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6, 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, W. H. Slade, M. Behrenfeld, and G. Dall’Olmo, “Acceptance angle effects on the beam attenuation in the ocean,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1535–1550 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davidson, K.

K. Davidson, E. C. Roberts, and L.C. Gilpin, “The relationship between carbon and biovolume in marine microbial mesocosms under different nutrient regimes,” Eur. J. Phycol.,  37, 501–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

Devred, E.

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

Dickey, T. D.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, W. D. Gardner, J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard., M. S. Twardowski, G. C. Chang, and T. D. Dickey, “Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9509–9516 (2001).
[Crossref]

Doney, S. C.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gardner, W. D.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, W. D. Gardner, J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard., M. S. Twardowski, G. C. Chang, and T. D. Dickey, “Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9509–9516 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gentili, B.

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

Gilpin, L.C.

K. Davidson, E. C. Roberts, and L.C. Gilpin, “The relationship between carbon and biovolume in marine microbial mesocosms under different nutrient regimes,” Eur. J. Phycol.,  37, 501–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gorsky, G.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Graff, J. R.

J. R. Graff, T. K. Westberry, A. J. Milligan, M. B. Brown, G. Dall’Olmo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, K. M. Reifel, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Analytical phytoplankton carbon measurements spanning diverse ecosystems,” Deep Sea Res. I,  102, 16–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hardman-Mountford, N. J.

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

Herring, S.

Hirata, E.

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

Irish, J. D.

P. Traykovski, R. J. Latter, and J. D. Irish, “A laboratory evaluation of the laser in situ scattering and transmissometery instrument using natural sediments,” Mar. Geol. 159, 355–367 (1999).
[Crossref]

Karl, D. M.

B. Barone, M. J. Church, D. M. Karl, R. M. Letelier, and A. E. White, “Particle distributions and dynamics from laser diffraction in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre,” J. Geophys. Res. 120, 3229–3247 (2015).
[Crossref]

Karp-Boss, L.

L. Karp-Boss, L. Azevedo, and E. Boss, “LISST-100 measurements of phytoplankton size distribution: evaluation of the effects of cell shape,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Meth. 5, 396–406 (2007).
[Crossref]

Karsenti, E.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kostadinov, T. S.

T. S. Kostadinov, D. A. Siegel, and S. Maritorena, “Retrieval of the particle size distribution from satellite ocean color observations,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, C09015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Langner, M.R.

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M.R. Langner, J. Loftin, M.J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T.K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation”, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech.,  27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

Latter, R. J.

P. Traykovski, R. J. Latter, and J. D. Irish, “A laboratory evaluation of the laser in situ scattering and transmissometery instrument using natural sediments,” Mar. Geol. 159, 355–367 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lavender, S. J.

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

Leeuw, T.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Letelier, R. M.

B. Barone, M. J. Church, D. M. Karl, R. M. Letelier, and A. E. White, “Particle distributions and dynamics from laser diffraction in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre,” J. Geophys. Res. 120, 3229–3247 (2015).
[Crossref]

Loftin, J.

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M.R. Langner, J. Loftin, M.J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T.K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation”, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech.,  27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

Maritorena, S.

T. S. Kostadinov, D. A. Siegel, and S. Maritorena, “Retrieval of the particle size distribution from satellite ocean color observations,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, C09015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Milligan, A. J.

J. R. Graff, T. K. Westberry, A. J. Milligan, M. B. Brown, G. Dall’Olmo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, K. M. Reifel, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Analytical phytoplankton carbon measurements spanning diverse ecosystems,” Deep Sea Res. I,  102, 16–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

Moberg, E. A.

E. A. Moberg and H. Sosik, “Distance maps to estimate cell volume from two-dimensional plankton images,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 10, 278–288 (2012).
[Crossref]

Moran, S.B.

S.B. Moran, M. A. Charette, S. M. Pike, and C. A. Wicklund, “Differences in seawater particulate organic carbon concentration in samples collected using small- and large-volume methods: the importance of DOC adsorption to the filter blank,” Mar. Chem. 67, 33–42 (1999).
[Crossref]

Morel, A.

A. Morel, “Diffusion de la lumière par les eaux de mer. Résultat expèrimentaux et approch théorique,” in Optics of the Sea, AGARD Lecture Series 61, NATO, Paris, pp. 76 (1973).

Moutin, T.

Olsen, R. J.

R. J. Olsen and H. Sosik, “A submersible imaging-in-flow instrument to analyze nano-and microplankton: Imaging FlowCytobot,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 5, 195–203 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pegau, W. S.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, W. D. Gardner, J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard., M. S. Twardowski, G. C. Chang, and T. D. Dickey, “Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9509–9516 (2001).
[Crossref]

Perry, MJ

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

Picheral, M.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pike, S. M.

S.B. Moran, M. A. Charette, S. M. Pike, and C. A. Wicklund, “Differences in seawater particulate organic carbon concentration in samples collected using small- and large-volume methods: the importance of DOC adsorption to the filter blank,” Mar. Chem. 67, 33–42 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pottsmith, H. C.

Y. C. Agrawal and H. C. Pottsmith, “Instruments for particle size and settling velocity observations in sediment transport,” Mar. Geol. 168, 89–114 (2000).
[Crossref]

Poulton, N.

Raitsos, E. E.

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

Ras, J.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Reifel, K. M.

J. R. Graff, T. K. Westberry, A. J. Milligan, M. B. Brown, G. Dall’Olmo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, K. M. Reifel, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Analytical phytoplankton carbon measurements spanning diverse ecosystems,” Deep Sea Res. I,  102, 16–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

Reynolds, R. A.

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, V. M. Wright, and S. B. Wozniak, “Measurements and characterization of particle size distributions in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 115C08024 (2010).
[Crossref]

Roberts, E. C.

K. Davidson, E. C. Roberts, and L.C. Gilpin, “The relationship between carbon and biovolume in marine microbial mesocosms under different nutrient regimes,” Eur. J. Phycol.,  37, 501–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

Roesler, C.

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M.R. Langner, J. Loftin, M.J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T.K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation”, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech.,  27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

Siegel, D. A.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. S. Kostadinov, D. A. Siegel, and S. Maritorena, “Retrieval of the particle size distribution from satellite ocean color observations,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, C09015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Slade, W.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Slade, W. H.

I. Cetinic, N. Poulton, and W. H. Slade, “Characterizing the phytoplankton soup: pump and plumbing effects on the particle assemblage in underway optical seawater systems,” Opt. Express,  24, 20703–20715 (2016)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. Slade and E. Boss, “Spectral attenuation and backscattering as indicators of average particle size,” Appl. Opt. 54(24), 7264–7277 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M.R. Langner, J. Loftin, M.J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T.K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation”, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech.,  27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6, 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, W. H. Slade, M. Behrenfeld, and G. Dall’Olmo, “Acceptance angle effects on the beam attenuation in the ocean,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1535–1550 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sosik, H.

E. A. Moberg and H. Sosik, “Distance maps to estimate cell volume from two-dimensional plankton images,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 10, 278–288 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. J. Olsen and H. Sosik, “A submersible imaging-in-flow instrument to analyze nano-and microplankton: Imaging FlowCytobot,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 5, 195–203 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stanley, R. H. R.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

Steinberg, D. K.

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

Stramski, D.

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, V. M. Wright, and S. B. Wozniak, “Measurements and characterization of particle size distributions in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 115C08024 (2010).
[Crossref]

Taylor, L.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean; Contribution of the Tara Oceans expedition,” Methods Ocean. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Traykovski, P.

P. Traykovski, R. J. Latter, and J. D. Irish, “A laboratory evaluation of the laser in situ scattering and transmissometery instrument using natural sediments,” Mar. Geol. 159, 355–367 (1999).
[Crossref]

Twardowski, M. S.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, W. D. Gardner, J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard., M. S. Twardowski, G. C. Chang, and T. D. Dickey, “Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9509–9516 (2001).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, M. S. Twardowski, and S. Herring, “Shape of the particulate beam attenuation spectrum and its relation to the size distribution of oceanic particles,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4885–4893 (2001).
[Crossref]

Uitz, J.

R. J. W. Brewin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, S. J. Lavender, E. E. Raitsos, E. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A. Ciotti, and B. Gentili, “An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing,” Rem. Sens. Enviro.,  115, 325–339, (2011).
[Crossref]

van de Hulst, H. C.

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (John Wiley and Sons, 1957; reprint, Dover, 1981).

van Dongen-Vogels, V.

J. R. Graff, T. K. Westberry, A. J. Milligan, M. B. Brown, G. Dall’Olmo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, K. M. Reifel, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Analytical phytoplankton carbon measurements spanning diverse ecosystems,” Deep Sea Res. I,  102, 16–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

Volz, F.

F. Volz, “Die Optik und Meterologie der atmospharischen Trubung,” Ber. Dtsch. Wetterdienstes 2, 3–47 (1954).

Westberry, T. K.

J. R. Graff, T. K. Westberry, A. J. Milligan, M. B. Brown, G. Dall’Olmo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, K. M. Reifel, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Analytical phytoplankton carbon measurements spanning diverse ecosystems,” Deep Sea Res. I,  102, 16–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6, 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

Westberry, T.K.

White, A. E.

B. Barone, M. J. Church, D. M. Karl, R. M. Letelier, and A. E. White, “Particle distributions and dynamics from laser diffraction in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre,” J. Geophys. Res. 120, 3229–3247 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wicklund, C. A.

S.B. Moran, M. A. Charette, S. M. Pike, and C. A. Wicklund, “Differences in seawater particulate organic carbon concentration in samples collected using small- and large-volume methods: the importance of DOC adsorption to the filter blank,” Mar. Chem. 67, 33–42 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wozniak, S. B.

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, V. M. Wright, and S. B. Wozniak, “Measurements and characterization of particle size distributions in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 115C08024 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wright, V. M.

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, V. M. Wright, and S. B. Wozniak, “Measurements and characterization of particle size distributions in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 115C08024 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zaneveld, J. R. V.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, W. D. Gardner, J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard., M. S. Twardowski, G. C. Chang, and T. D. Dickey, “Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9509–9516 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Ber. Dtsch. Wetterdienstes (1)

F. Volz, “Die Optik und Meterologie der atmospharischen Trubung,” Ber. Dtsch. Wetterdienstes 2, 3–47 (1954).

Biogeosciences (1)

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6, 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

Deep Sea Res. I (1)

J. R. Graff, T. K. Westberry, A. J. Milligan, M. B. Brown, G. Dall’Olmo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, K. M. Reifel, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Analytical phytoplankton carbon measurements spanning diverse ecosystems,” Deep Sea Res. I,  102, 16–25 (2015).
[Crossref]

Eur. J. Phycol. (1)

K. Davidson, E. C. Roberts, and L.C. Gilpin, “The relationship between carbon and biovolume in marine microbial mesocosms under different nutrient regimes,” Eur. J. Phycol.,  37, 501–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

Front. Mar. Sci. (1)

D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. R. Benitez-Nelson, E. Boss, M. Brzezinski, A. Burd, C. A. Carlson, E. A. D’Asaro, S. C. Doney, MJ Perry, R. H. R. Stanley, and D. K. Steinberg, “Prediction of the Export and Fate of Global Ocean Net Primary Production: The EXPORTS Science Plan,” Front. Mar. Sci. 3, 22 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. (1)

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M.R. Langner, J. Loftin, M.J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T.K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation”, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech.,  27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res. (4)

T. S. Kostadinov, D. A. Siegel, and S. Maritorena, “Retrieval of the particle size distribution from satellite ocean color observations,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, C09015 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, V. M. Wright, and S. B. Wozniak, “Measurements and characterization of particle size distributions in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 115C08024 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Barone, M. J. Church, D. M. Karl, R. M. Letelier, and A. E. White, “Particle distributions and dynamics from laser diffraction in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre,” J. Geophys. Res. 120, 3229–3247 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, W. D. Gardner, J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard., M. S. Twardowski, G. C. Chang, and T. D. Dickey, “Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9509–9516 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Mar. Res. (1)

M. J. Behrenfeld and E. Boss, “Beam attenuation and chlorophyll concentration as alternative optical indices of phytoplankton biomass,” J. Mar. Res. 64, 431–451 (2006).
[Crossref]

Limnol. Oceanogr. Meth. (1)

L. Karp-Boss, L. Azevedo, and E. Boss, “LISST-100 measurements of phytoplankton size distribution: evaluation of the effects of cell shape,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Meth. 5, 396–406 (2007).
[Crossref]

Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods (2)

R. J. Olsen and H. Sosik, “A submersible imaging-in-flow instrument to analyze nano-and microplankton: Imaging FlowCytobot,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 5, 195–203 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. A. Moberg and H. Sosik, “Distance maps to estimate cell volume from two-dimensional plankton images,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 10, 278–288 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mar. Chem. (1)

S.B. Moran, M. A. Charette, S. M. Pike, and C. A. Wicklund, “Differences in seawater particulate organic carbon concentration in samples collected using small- and large-volume methods: the importance of DOC adsorption to the filter blank,” Mar. Chem. 67, 33–42 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mar. Geol. (2)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Cruise track during NAAMES03 where data is available. Large color dots display chlorophyll a concentration (see colorbar), small black dots are where LISST data are available and a + symbol denote where the locations of 24 Coulter Counter-LISST match-ups.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) comparison of 1165 measurements of cp(670) taken within ±5 min of each other by ac-s and LISST, (b) total-cross-sectional area of particles vs. cp(670) and (c) histogram of attenuation efficiency factor Qc(670) based on 1207 10 min-averaged LISST measurements. To focus on the bulk of the data only the lower 96% of the data are displayed.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 VSD spectra (N = 24) estimated from (a) LISST, and (b) Coulter Counter (CC). All spectra were truncated at 17.35 μm and LISST spectra were linearly interpolated to the exact size-bins of the CC. Note the amplitude of the LISST spectra has been multiplied by 2.5.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparison of (a) total particulate volume, (b) POC normalized by total particulate volume, (c) power-law exponent and (d) median diameter (based on volume) of Coulter Counter (CC) and LISST measurements taken within one hour of each other. Black lines are the 1:1 lines.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) cp(λ) spectral exponent vs. VSD power-law-fit exponent (b) cp(λ) spectral exponent vs. VSD based median diameter. The color represents the density of points within ranges of value of the variables. In order to better visualize the relationships we have focused in on the data such that in (a) 96% and in (b) 97% of the data are shown.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Statistics of comparisons of LISST and ac-s derived parameters

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Table 2 Correlation coefficient (r) for 679 comparisons of LISST and IFCB particle areas at different size bins. p<0.0001 for all.

Equations (3)

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Q c ¯ = c p ( 670 ) i ASD ( D i ) Δ D i ,
D min D V 50 VSD ( D ) d D D min D max VSD ( D ) d D = 0.5
χ 2 = i ( VSD ( D ) v 0 D i ξ v ) 2 σ i 2 ,