Abstract

We demonstrate highly stable mode-locked Yb-doped fiber oscillators using a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror, delivering linearly polarized laser pulses with high energy at a low repetition rate of several MHz. These lasers are composed of polarization-maintaining fibers and fiber-based components without intra-cavity dispersion compensation. The spectral and temporal characteristics are systematically investigated at different repetition rates. Spectral bandwidth of 31 nm is realized in the case of 6 MHz repetition rate, and the pulse energy reaches 10 nJ. A pair of gratings compresses the output pulse to 93 fs. RMS power stability is as low as 0.04% in 10 hours, which shows excellent stability. We believe that this type of fiber oscillator is an ideal seed for further high power amplification.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (1)

2017 (5)

2016 (3)

2015 (2)

2014 (3)

2013 (1)

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. G. R. Broderick, “120 fs, 4.2 nJ pulses from an all-normal-dispersion, polarization-maintaining, fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 121111 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (4)

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 94–96 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tünnermann, T. Schreiber, and J. Limpert, “Fiber lasers and amplifiers: an ultrafast performance evolution,” Appl. Opt. 49(25), F71–F78 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Katz, B. F. Firoz, L. H. Goldberg, and P. M. Friedman, “Treatment of Darier’s disease using a 1,550-nm erbium-doped fiber laser,” Dermatol. Surg. 36(1), 142–146 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82(2), 021805 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2003 (3)

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

Aguergaray, C.

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. G. R. Broderick, “120 fs, 4.2 nJ pulses from an all-normal-dispersion, polarization-maintaining, fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 121111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Andersen, T. V.

Artigas, D.

Avdokhin, A.

Aviles-Espinosa, R.

Becker, N. C.

Bennion, I.

Bowen, P.

Breitkopf, S.

Broderick, N. G. R.

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. G. R. Broderick, “120 fs, 4.2 nJ pulses from an all-normal-dispersion, polarization-maintaining, fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 121111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brunner, F.

Buckley, J.

Byer, R. L.

Cao, W. H.

Chang, G.

Charan, K.

K. Wang, N. G. Horton, K. Charan, and C. Xu, “Advanced fiber soliton sources for nonlinear deep tissue imaging in biophotonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(2), 50–60 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chong, A.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82(2), 021805 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2408–2410 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

Csákányi, A.

Csáti, D.

Cui, Y.

Demmler, S.

Ding, X.

Doran, N. J.

Eidam, T.

Eilenberger, F.

Erkintalo, M.

P. Bowen, M. Erkintalo, R. Provo, and J. D. Harvey, “Mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser emitting broadband pulses at ultralow repetition rates,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5270–5273 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. G. R. Broderick, “120 fs, 4.2 nJ pulses from an all-normal-dispersion, polarization-maintaining, fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 121111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fang, Q.

Fermann, M.

Fermann, M. E.

Firoz, B. F.

T. M. Katz, B. F. Firoz, L. H. Goldberg, and P. M. Friedman, “Treatment of Darier’s disease using a 1,550-nm erbium-doped fiber laser,” Dermatol. Surg. 36(1), 142–146 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forysiak, W.

Friedman, P. M.

T. M. Katz, B. F. Firoz, L. H. Goldberg, and P. M. Friedman, “Treatment of Darier’s disease using a 1,550-nm erbium-doped fiber laser,” Dermatol. Surg. 36(1), 142–146 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gabler, T.

Ghalmi, S.

Goldberg, L. H.

T. M. Katz, B. F. Firoz, L. H. Goldberg, and P. M. Friedman, “Treatment of Darier’s disease using a 1,550-nm erbium-doped fiber laser,” Dermatol. Surg. 36(1), 142–146 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

González Inchauspe, C. M.

Haberl, F.

Hädrich, S.

Haluszka, D.

Hammond, T. J.

Hanf, S.

Hartl, I.

Harvey, J. D.

Hawker, R.

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. G. R. Broderick, “120 fs, 4.2 nJ pulses from an all-normal-dispersion, polarization-maintaining, fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 121111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hochreiter, H.

Hofer, M.

Horton, N. G.

K. Wang, N. G. Horton, K. Charan, and C. Xu, “Advanced fiber soliton sources for nonlinear deep tissue imaging in biophotonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(2), 50–60 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hua, Y.

Ilday, F.

Ilday, F. O.

Jiang, J.

Just, F.

Kardas, T. M.

Kärtner, F. X.

Katz, T. M.

T. M. Katz, B. F. Firoz, L. H. Goldberg, and P. M. Friedman, “Treatment of Darier’s disease using a 1,550-nm erbium-doped fiber laser,” Dermatol. Surg. 36(1), 142–146 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kean, P. N.

Kim, D.

Kim, J.

Klenke, A.

Kobayashi, Y.

Kolonics, A.

Krolopp, Á.

Kurmulis, S.

Kuznetsova, L.

Kwon, D.

Lee, K. F.

Leindecker, N.

Liao, R.

Licea-Rodriguez, J.

Limpert, J.

Liu, W.

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Madhukar, Y. K.

Y. K. Madhukar, S. Mullick, and A. K. Nath, “An investigation on co-axial water-jet assisted fiber laser cutting of metal sheets,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 77, 203–218 (2016).
[Crossref]

Marandi, A.

Martínez, O. E.

Michalska, M.

Mitsuzawa, H.

Mullick, S.

Y. K. Madhukar, S. Mullick, and A. K. Nath, “An investigation on co-axial water-jet assisted fiber laser cutting of metal sheets,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 77, 203–218 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nath, A. K.

Y. K. Madhukar, S. Mullick, and A. K. Nath, “An investigation on co-axial water-jet assisted fiber laser cutting of metal sheets,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 77, 203–218 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nishizawa, N.

Norwood, R. A.

Ortaç, B.

Osvay, K.

Pattison, D. A.

Pertsch, T.

Peyghambarian, N.

Plötner, M.

Popov, S.

Provo, R.

Radzewicz, C.

Ramachandran, S.

Renninger, W. H.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82(2), 021805 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2408–2410 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Resan, B.

Rohrbacher, A.

Rothhardt, J.

Runge, A. F. J.

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. G. R. Broderick, “120 fs, 4.2 nJ pulses from an all-normal-dispersion, polarization-maintaining, fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 121111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schimpf, D. N.

Schreiber, T.

Schunemann, P. G.

Seise, E.

Shi, W.

Song, Y.

Sosnowski, T.

Stepanenko, Y.

Sumimura, K.

Szczepanek, J.

Szipocs, R.

Takayanagi, J.

Taylor, J.

Torizuka, K.

Tünnermann, A.

Vampa, G.

Várallyay, Z.

Vass, L.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wai, P. K. A.

Wang, K.

K. Wang, N. G. Horton, K. Charan, and C. Xu, “Advanced fiber soliton sources for nonlinear deep tissue imaging in biophotonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(2), 50–60 (2014).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K. J.

Wikonkál, N.

Wirth, C.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Wood, D.

Xu, C.

K. Wang, N. G. Horton, K. Charan, and C. Xu, “Advanced fiber soliton sources for nonlinear deep tissue imaging in biophotonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(2), 50–60 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoshitomi, D.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, Z.

Zhou, X.

Zhu, X.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. G. R. Broderick, “120 fs, 4.2 nJ pulses from an all-normal-dispersion, polarization-maintaining, fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 121111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Dermatol. Surg. (1)

T. M. Katz, B. F. Firoz, L. H. Goldberg, and P. M. Friedman, “Treatment of Darier’s disease using a 1,550-nm erbium-doped fiber laser,” Dermatol. Surg. 36(1), 142–146 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Wang, N. G. Horton, K. Charan, and C. Xu, “Advanced fiber soliton sources for nonlinear deep tissue imaging in biophotonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(2), 50–60 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (10)

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, and P. G. Schunemann, “Octave-spanning ultrafast OPO with 2.6-6.1 µm instantaneous bandwidth pumped by femtosecond Tm-fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7046–7053 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhao and Y. Kobayashi, “Realization of a mW-level 10.7-eV (λ = 115.6 nm) laser by cascaded third harmonic generation of a Yb:fiber CPA laser at 1-MHz,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13517–13526 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Resan, R. Aviles-Espinosa, S. Kurmulis, J. Licea-Rodriguez, F. Brunner, A. Rohrbacher, D. Artigas, P. Loza-Alvarez, and K. J. Weingarten, “Two-photon fluorescence imaging with 30 fs laser system tunable around 1 micron,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16456–16461 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ilday, J. Buckley, L. Kuznetsova, and F. Wise, “Generation of 36-femtosecond pulses from a ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11(26), 3550–3554 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Klenke, E. Seise, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, S. Breitkopf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Coherently-combined two channel femtosecond fiber CPA system producing 3 mJ pulse energy,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24280–24285 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Hua, G. Chang, F. X. Kärtner, and D. N. Schimpf, “Pre-chirp managed, core-pumped nonlinear PM fiber amplifier delivering sub-100-fs and high energy (10 nJ) pulses with low noise,” Opt. Express 26(5), 6427–6438 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhou, D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Generation of 28-fs pulses from a mode-locked ytterbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7055–7059 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Ortaç, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Self-starting passively mode-locked chirped-pulse fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16794–16799 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Avdokhin, S. Popov, and J. Taylor, “Totally fiber integrated, figure-of-eight, femtosecond source at 1065 nm,” Opt. Express 11(3), 265–269 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “A passively-modelocked, Yb-doped, figure-eight, fiber laser utilizing anomalous-dispersion higher-order-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6623–6628 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

Y. K. Madhukar, S. Mullick, and A. K. Nath, “An investigation on co-axial water-jet assisted fiber laser cutting of metal sheets,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 77, 203–218 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (15)

K. F. Lee, X. Ding, T. J. Hammond, M. E. Fermann, G. Vampa, and P. B. Corkum, “Harmonic generation in solids with direct fiber laser pumping,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1113–1116 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Szczepanek, T. M. Kardaś, C. Radzewicz, and Y. Stepanenko, “Ultrafast laser mode-locked using nonlinear polarization evolution in polarization maintaining fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(3), 575–578 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2408–2410 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu, D. N. Schimpf, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Chang, “Pre-chirp managed nonlinear amplification in fibers delivering 100 W, 60 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett. 40(2), 151–154 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of mode-locked all-PM Yb-doped NALM fiber laser oscillators. Fiber elements used in this experiment are all polarization maintained. Main loop: left loop; NALM: Nonlinear Amplifying Loop Mirror on the right; Pump-1, Pump-2: laser diodes operating at 976 nm; YDF-1 and YDF-2: Yb-doped fiber; SMF-1 and SMF-2: single mode fiber; WDM-1 and WDM-2: wavelength division multiplexer; ISO: isolator at 1030 nm; BPF: bandpass filter; OC: output coupler.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Optical spectrum of mode-locked all-PM Yb-doped NALM fiber laser oscillators at different repetition rates. Spectrum of (a) 8-MHz oscillator, (b) 6-MHz oscillator and (c) 4-MHz oscillator.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Measured autocorrelation traces (black curves) and fitting traces (color curves) of output chirped laser pulses from all-PM Yb-doped NALM fiber oscillators at 8MHz (a), 6MHz (b) and 4MHz (c), and compressed pulses at 8 MHz (d), 6 MHz (e) and 4 MHz (f) respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 RF spectrum of output laser pulses from all-PM Yb-doped NALM fiber oscillators at repetition rate of 8-MHz (a), 6-MHz (b), 4-MHz (c) with resolution bandwidth of 1 kHz. The inset of (a)-(c) correspond RF spectrum measured at 50 MHz span with resolution bandwidth of 100 kHz.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Power stability and pulse train of output laser from all-PM Yb-doped NALM fiber oscillators at 6 MHz. (a) power stability in 10 hours. (b) mode-locked pulse train detected by oscilloscope.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Experimental setups of Yb-doped NALM fiber laser oscillators at different repetition ratea

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Table 2 Group delay dispersion of Yb-doped NALM fiber laser oscillators at different repetition ratea

Equations (1)

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β 2 ( λ )=- ( λ 2 2πc ) D( λ ) .

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