Abstract

Ocean color remote sensing is an important tool to monitor water quality and biogeochemical conditions of ocean. Atmospheric correction, which obtains water-leaving radiance from the total radiance measured by satellite-borne or airborne sensors, remains a challenging task for coastal waters due to the complex optical properties of aerosols and ocean waters. In this paper, we report a research algorithm on aerosol and ocean color retrieval with emphasis on coastal waters, which uses coupled atmosphere and ocean radiative transfer model to fit polarized radiance measurements at multiple viewing angles and multiple wavelengths. Ocean optical properties are characterized by a generalized bio-optical model with direct accounting for the absorption and scattering of phytoplankton, colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) and non-algal particles (NAP). Our retrieval algorithm can accurately determine the water-leaving radiance and aerosol properties for coastal waters, and may be used to improve the atmospheric correction when apply to a hyperspectral ocean color instrument.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. McKinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

2016 (3)

F. Xu, O. Dubovik, P. W. Zhai, D. J. Diner, O. V. Kalashnikova, F. C. Seidel, P. Litvinov, A. Bovchaliuk, M. J. Garay, G. van Harten, and A. B. Davis, “Joint retrieval of aerosol and water-leaving radiance from multispectral, multiangular and polarimetric measurements over ocean,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 9(7), 2877–2907 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Shi, T. Nakajima, and M. Hashimoto, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol optical thickness and chlorophyll concentration from multiwavelength measurement over East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 121(23), 14,084–14,101 (2016).

A. Ibrahim, A. Gilerson, J. Chowdhary, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of macro- and micro-physical properties of oceanic hydrosols from polarimetric observations,” Remote Sens. Environ. 186, 548–566 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

L. Wu, O. Hasekamp, B. van Diedenhoven, and B. Cairns, “Aerosol retrieval from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric measurements: importance of spectral range and angular resolution,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(6), 2625–2638 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, B. Cairns, R. A. Ferrare, K. D. Knobelspiesse, D. B. Josset, C. R. Trepte, P. L. Lucker, and J. Chowdhary, “Uncertainty and interpretation of aerosol remote sensing due to vertical inhomogeneity,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 114, 91–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(8), 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. E. Bauer, W.-J. Cai, P. A. Raymond, T. S. Bianchi, C. S. Hopkinson, and P. A. G. Regnier, “The changing carbon cycle of the coastal ocean,” Nature 504(7478), 61–70 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gao, X. Huang, P. Yang, and G. W. Kattawar, “Angular distribution of diffuse reflectance from incoherent multiple scattering in turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 52(24), 5869–5879 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Werdell, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, G. C. Feldman, E. Boss, V. E. Brando, M. Dowell, T. Hirata, S. J. Lavender, Z. P. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T. S. Moore, T. J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. H. F. d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52(10), 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

O. P. Hasekamp, P. Litvinov, and A. Butz, “Aerosol properties over the ocean from PARASOL multiangle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 116(D14), D14204 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, J. Chowdhary, C. R. Trepte, P. L. Lucker, and D. B. Josset, “A vector radiative transfer model for coupled atmosphere and ocean systems with a rough interface,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 1025–1040 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Ahmad, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, E. J. Kwiatkowska, J. Werdell, E. P. Shettle, and B. N. Holben, “New aerosol models for the retrieval of aerosol optical thickness and normalized water-leaving radiances from the SeaWiFS and MODIS sensors over coastal regions and open oceans,” Appl. Opt. 49(29), 5545–5560 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Werdell, B. A. Franz, and S. W. Bailey, “Evaluation of shortwave infrared atmospheric correction for ocean color remote sensing of Chesapeake Bay,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(10), 2238–2247 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, and P. J. Werdell, “Estimation of near-infrared water-leaving reflectance for satellite ocean color data processing,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7521–7527 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (8)

C. P. Kuchinke, H. R. Gordon, and B. A. Franz, “Spectral optimization for constituent retrieval in Case 2 waters I: Implementation and performance,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(3), 571–587 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. P. Kuchinke, H. R. Gordon, L. W. Harding, and K. J. Voss, “Spectral optimization for constituent retrieval in Case 2 waters II: Validation study in the Chesapeake Bay,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(3), 610–621 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Waquet, J. Riedi, L. C. Labonnote, P. Goloub, B. Cairns, J. L. Deuzé, and D. Tanré, “Aerosol remote sensing over clouds using A-Train observations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 66(8), 2468–2480 (2009).
[Crossref]

P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, C. R. Trepte, and P. L. Lucker, “A vector radiative transfer model for coupled atmosphere and ocean systems based on successive order of scattering method,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2057–2079 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Doxaran, K. Ruddick, D. McKee, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, M. Chami, and M. Babin, “Spectral variations of light scattering by marine particles in coastal waters, from the visible to the near infrared,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 54(4), 1257–1271 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang and L. Hu, “Scattering by pure seawater at high salinity,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12685–12691 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “A simple band ratio technique to quantify the colored dissolved and detrital organic material from ocean color remotely sensed data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 998–1011 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. M. Sullivan and M. S. Twardowski, “Angular shape of the oceanic particulate volume scattering function in the backward direction,” Appl. Opt. 48(35), 6811–6819 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical backscattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

C. D. G. Harley, A. Randall Hughes, K. M. Hultgren, B. G. Miner, C. J. B. Sorte, C. S. Thornber, L. F. Rodriguez, L. Tomanek, and S. L. Williams, “The impacts of climate change in coastal marine systems,” Ecol. Lett. 9(2), 228–241 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

D. Stramski, E. Boss, D. Bogucki, and K. J. Voss, “The role of seawater constituents in light backscattering in the ocean,” Prog. Oceanogr. 61(1), 27–56 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

M. Babin, D. Stramski, G. M. Ferrari, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, G. Obolensky, and N. Hoepffner, “Variations in the light absorption coefficients of phytoplankton, nonalgal particles, and dissolved organic matter in coastal waters around Europe,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 108(C7), 3211 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kokhanovsky, “Parameterization of the Mueller matrix of oceanic waters,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 108(C6), 3175 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. Stamnes, W. Li, B. Yan, H. Eide, A. Barnard, W. S. Pegau, and J. J. Stamnes, “Accurate and self-consistent ocean color algorithm: simultaneous retrieval of aerosol optical properties and chlorophyll concentrations,” Appl. Opt. 42(6), 939–951 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, and L. D. Travis, “Research scanning polarimeter: calibration and ground-based measurements,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 1–11 (1999).

1998 (2)

R. M. Chomko and H. R. Gordon, “Atmospheric correction of ocean color imagery: use of the junge power-law aerosol size distribution with variable refractive index to handle aerosol absorption,” Appl. Opt. 37(24), 5560–5572 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (3)

1994 (3)

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Breon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32(3), 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. Doerffer and J. Fischer, “Concentrations of chlorophyll, suspended matter, and gelbstoff in case II waters derived from satellite coastal zone color scanner data with inverse modeling methods,” J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 99(C4), 7457–7466 (1994).
[Crossref]

G. R. Fournier and J. L. Forand, “Analytic phase function for ocean water,” Proc. SPIE 2258, 194–201 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1988 (1)

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
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1984 (1)

1974 (1)

J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev. 16(4), 527–610 (1974).
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1973 (1)

G. W. Kattawar and G. N. Plass, “Interior radiances in optically deep absorbing media—I Exact solutions for one-dimensional model,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 13(11), 1065–1080 (1973).
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1954 (1)

Ackleson, S. G.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. McKinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, Z.

Ahmed, S.

A. Ibrahim, A. Gilerson, J. Chowdhary, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of macro- and micro-physical properties of oceanic hydrosols from polarimetric observations,” Remote Sens. Environ. 186, 548–566 (2016).
[Crossref]

Alexandrov, M.

Allali, K.

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Antoine, D.

Babin, M.

D. Doxaran, K. Ruddick, D. McKee, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, M. Chami, and M. Babin, “Spectral variations of light scattering by marine particles in coastal waters, from the visible to the near infrared,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 54(4), 1257–1271 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Babin, D. Stramski, G. M. Ferrari, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, G. Obolensky, and N. Hoepffner, “Variations in the light absorption coefficients of phytoplankton, nonalgal particles, and dissolved organic matter in coastal waters around Europe,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 108(C7), 3211 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y.

Bailey, S.

C. D. Mobley, J. Werdell, B. Franz, Z. Ahmad, and S. Bailey, Atmospheric Correction for Satellite Ocean Color Radiometry (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2016).

Bailey, S. W.

Baker, K. S.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
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Barnard, A.

Bauer, J. E.

J. E. Bauer, W.-J. Cai, P. A. Raymond, T. S. Bianchi, C. S. Hopkinson, and P. A. G. Regnier, “The changing carbon cycle of the coastal ocean,” Nature 504(7478), 61–70 (2013).
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Bianchi, T. S.

J. E. Bauer, W.-J. Cai, P. A. Raymond, T. S. Bianchi, C. S. Hopkinson, and P. A. G. Regnier, “The changing carbon cycle of the coastal ocean,” Nature 504(7478), 61–70 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bogucki, D.

D. Stramski, E. Boss, D. Bogucki, and K. J. Voss, “The role of seawater constituents in light backscattering in the ocean,” Prog. Oceanogr. 61(1), 27–56 (2004).
[Crossref]

Boss, E.

Bovchaliuk, A.

F. Xu, O. Dubovik, P. W. Zhai, D. J. Diner, O. V. Kalashnikova, F. C. Seidel, P. Litvinov, A. Bovchaliuk, M. J. Garay, G. van Harten, and A. B. Davis, “Joint retrieval of aerosol and water-leaving radiance from multispectral, multiangular and polarimetric measurements over ocean,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 9(7), 2877–2907 (2016).
[Crossref]

Brando, V. E.

Breon, F. M.

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Breon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32(3), 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bricaud, A.

M. Babin, D. Stramski, G. M. Ferrari, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, G. Obolensky, and N. Hoepffner, “Variations in the light absorption coefficients of phytoplankton, nonalgal particles, and dissolved organic matter in coastal waters around Europe,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 108(C7), 3211 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Breon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32(3), 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Brown, J. W.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Brown, O. B.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Bull, M. A.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(8), 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Buriez, J. C.

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Breon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32(3), 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Butz, A.

O. P. Hasekamp, P. Litvinov, and A. Butz, “Aerosol properties over the ocean from PARASOL multiangle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 116(D14), D14204 (2011).
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Cai, W.-J.

J. E. Bauer, W.-J. Cai, P. A. Raymond, T. S. Bianchi, C. S. Hopkinson, and P. A. G. Regnier, “The changing carbon cycle of the coastal ocean,” Nature 504(7478), 61–70 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cairns, B.

L. Wu, O. Hasekamp, B. van Diedenhoven, and B. Cairns, “Aerosol retrieval from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric measurements: importance of spectral range and angular resolution,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(6), 2625–2638 (2015).
[Crossref]

P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, B. Cairns, R. A. Ferrare, K. D. Knobelspiesse, D. B. Josset, C. R. Trepte, P. L. Lucker, and J. Chowdhary, “Uncertainty and interpretation of aerosol remote sensing due to vertical inhomogeneity,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 114, 91–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, J. Chowdhary, K. Tsigaridis, B. van Diedenhoven, W. Martin, M. Ottaviani, and M. Alexandrov, “Analysis of fine-mode aerosol retrieval capabilities by different passive remote sensing instrument designs,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21457–21484 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Waquet, J. Riedi, L. C. Labonnote, P. Goloub, B. Cairns, J. L. Deuzé, and D. Tanré, “Aerosol remote sensing over clouds using A-Train observations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 66(8), 2468–2480 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, and L. D. Travis, “Research scanning polarimeter: calibration and ground-based measurements,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 1–11 (1999).

Capraro, K.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(8), 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chami, M.

D. Doxaran, K. Ruddick, D. McKee, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, M. Chami, and M. Babin, “Spectral variations of light scattering by marine particles in coastal waters, from the visible to the near infrared,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 54(4), 1257–1271 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chapman, D. V.

D. V. Chapman, Water quality assessments: a guide to the use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring (World Health Organization, 1996).
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Chipman, R. A.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(8), 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chomko, R. M.

Chowdhary, J.

A. Ibrahim, A. Gilerson, J. Chowdhary, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of macro- and micro-physical properties of oceanic hydrosols from polarimetric observations,” Remote Sens. Environ. 186, 548–566 (2016).
[Crossref]

P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, B. Cairns, R. A. Ferrare, K. D. Knobelspiesse, D. B. Josset, C. R. Trepte, P. L. Lucker, and J. Chowdhary, “Uncertainty and interpretation of aerosol remote sensing due to vertical inhomogeneity,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 114, 91–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, J. Chowdhary, K. Tsigaridis, B. van Diedenhoven, W. Martin, M. Ottaviani, and M. Alexandrov, “Analysis of fine-mode aerosol retrieval capabilities by different passive remote sensing instrument designs,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21457–21484 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, J. Chowdhary, C. R. Trepte, P. L. Lucker, and D. B. Josset, “A vector radiative transfer model for coupled atmosphere and ocean systems with a rough interface,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 1025–1040 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chylek, P.

Clark, D. K.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Claustre, H.

M. Babin, D. Stramski, G. M. Ferrari, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, G. Obolensky, and N. Hoepffner, “Variations in the light absorption coefficients of phytoplankton, nonalgal particles, and dissolved organic matter in coastal waters around Europe,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 108(C7), 3211 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cota, G. F.

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cox, C.

Craig, S. E.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. McKinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
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D’Almeida, G. A.

G. A. D’Almeida, P. Koepke, and E. P. Shettle, Atmospheric aerosols: Global climatology and radiative characteristics (A. Deepak Pub., Hampton, Va., USA, 1991).

d’Andon, O. H. F.

Davis, A.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(8), 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Davis, A. B.

F. Xu, O. Dubovik, P. W. Zhai, D. J. Diner, O. V. Kalashnikova, F. C. Seidel, P. Litvinov, A. Bovchaliuk, M. J. Garay, G. van Harten, and A. B. Davis, “Joint retrieval of aerosol and water-leaving radiance from multispectral, multiangular and polarimetric measurements over ocean,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 9(7), 2877–2907 (2016).
[Crossref]

Deschamps, P. Y.

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Breon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32(3), 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Deuzé, J. L.

F. Waquet, J. Riedi, L. C. Labonnote, P. Goloub, B. Cairns, J. L. Deuzé, and D. Tanré, “Aerosol remote sensing over clouds using A-Train observations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 66(8), 2468–2480 (2009).
[Crossref]

Devred, E.

Diner, D. J.

F. Xu, O. Dubovik, P. W. Zhai, D. J. Diner, O. V. Kalashnikova, F. C. Seidel, P. Litvinov, A. Bovchaliuk, M. J. Garay, G. van Harten, and A. B. Davis, “Joint retrieval of aerosol and water-leaving radiance from multispectral, multiangular and polarimetric measurements over ocean,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 9(7), 2877–2907 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(8), 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Doerffer, R.

R. Doerffer and J. Fischer, “Concentrations of chlorophyll, suspended matter, and gelbstoff in case II waters derived from satellite coastal zone color scanner data with inverse modeling methods,” J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 99(C4), 7457–7466 (1994).
[Crossref]

Dowell, M.

Doxaran, D.

D. Doxaran, K. Ruddick, D. McKee, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, M. Chami, and M. Babin, “Spectral variations of light scattering by marine particles in coastal waters, from the visible to the near infrared,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 54(4), 1257–1271 (2009).
[Crossref]

Du, T.

Dubovik, O.

F. Xu, O. Dubovik, P. W. Zhai, D. J. Diner, O. V. Kalashnikova, F. C. Seidel, P. Litvinov, A. Bovchaliuk, M. J. Garay, G. van Harten, and A. B. Davis, “Joint retrieval of aerosol and water-leaving radiance from multispectral, multiangular and polarimetric measurements over ocean,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 9(7), 2877–2907 (2016).
[Crossref]

Eide, H.

Evans, R. H.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
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Fan, Y.

Y. Fan, W. Li, C. K. Gatebe, C. Jamet, G. Zibordi, T. Schroeder, and K. Stamnes, “Atmospheric correction over coastal waters using multilayer neural networks,” Remote Sens. Environ. 199, 218–240 (2017).
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Feldman, G. C.

Fenn, R. W.

E. P. Shettle and R. W. Fenn, “Models for the aerosols of the lower atmosphere and the effects of humidity variations on their optical properties,” Environmental Research Papers, Air Force Geophysics Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA. Optical Physics Div. (1979).

Fernandez-Borda, R.

J. V. Martins, T. Nielsen, C. Fish, L. Sparr, R. Fernandez-Borda, M. Schoeberl, and L. Remer, “HARP CubeSat–An innovative hyperangular imaging polarimeter for earth science applications,” Small Sat Pre-Conference Workshop, Logan Utah (2014).

Ferrare, R. A.

P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, B. Cairns, R. A. Ferrare, K. D. Knobelspiesse, D. B. Josset, C. R. Trepte, P. L. Lucker, and J. Chowdhary, “Uncertainty and interpretation of aerosol remote sensing due to vertical inhomogeneity,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 114, 91–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, G. M.

M. Babin, D. Stramski, G. M. Ferrari, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, G. Obolensky, and N. Hoepffner, “Variations in the light absorption coefficients of phytoplankton, nonalgal particles, and dissolved organic matter in coastal waters around Europe,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 108(C7), 3211 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fischer, J.

R. Doerffer and J. Fischer, “Concentrations of chlorophyll, suspended matter, and gelbstoff in case II waters derived from satellite coastal zone color scanner data with inverse modeling methods,” J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 99(C4), 7457–7466 (1994).
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Fish, C.

J. V. Martins, T. Nielsen, C. Fish, L. Sparr, R. Fernandez-Borda, M. Schoeberl, and L. Remer, “HARP CubeSat–An innovative hyperangular imaging polarimeter for earth science applications,” Small Sat Pre-Conference Workshop, Logan Utah (2014).

Forand, J. L.

G. R. Fournier and J. L. Forand, “Analytic phase function for ocean water,” Proc. SPIE 2258, 194–201 (1994).
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Fournier, G. R.

G. R. Fournier and J. L. Forand, “Analytic phase function for ocean water,” Proc. SPIE 2258, 194–201 (1994).
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Franz, B.

C. D. Mobley, J. Werdell, B. Franz, Z. Ahmad, and S. Bailey, Atmospheric Correction for Satellite Ocean Color Radiometry (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2016).

Franz, B. A.

P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, D. M. Winker, B. A. Franz, J. Werdell, and E. Boss, “Vector radiative transfer model for coupled atmosphere and ocean systems including inelastic sources in ocean waters,” Opt. Express 25(8), A223–A239 (2017).
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P.-W. Zhai, K. Knobelspiesse, A. Ibrahim, B. A. Franz, Y. Hu, M. Gao, and R. Frouin, “Water-leaving contribution to polarized radiation field over ocean,” Opt. Express 25(16), A689 (2017).
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P. J. Werdell, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, G. C. Feldman, E. Boss, V. E. Brando, M. Dowell, T. Hirata, S. J. Lavender, Z. P. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T. S. Moore, T. J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. H. F. d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52(10), 2019–2037 (2013).
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[Crossref]

Werdell, J.

Werdell, P. J.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. McKinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. J. Werdell, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, G. C. Feldman, E. Boss, V. E. Brando, M. Dowell, T. Hirata, S. J. Lavender, Z. P. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T. S. Moore, T. J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. H. F. d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52(10), 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, and P. J. Werdell, “Estimation of near-infrared water-leaving reflectance for satellite ocean color data processing,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7521–7527 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Werdell, B. A. Franz, and S. W. Bailey, “Evaluation of shortwave infrared atmospheric correction for ocean color remote sensing of Chesapeake Bay,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(10), 2238–2247 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wielinga, K.

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” in SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, J. M. Oschmann, M. C. Clampin, and H. A. MacEwen, eds. (SPIE, 2010), p. 77311B.

Williams, S. L.

C. D. G. Harley, A. Randall Hughes, K. M. Hultgren, B. G. Miner, C. J. B. Sorte, C. S. Thornber, L. F. Rodriguez, L. Tomanek, and S. L. Williams, “The impacts of climate change in coastal marine systems,” Ecol. Lett. 9(2), 228–241 (2006).
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Wu, L.

L. Wu, O. Hasekamp, B. van Diedenhoven, and B. Cairns, “Aerosol retrieval from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric measurements: importance of spectral range and angular resolution,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(6), 2625–2638 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

F. Xu, O. Dubovik, P. W. Zhai, D. J. Diner, O. V. Kalashnikova, F. C. Seidel, P. Litvinov, A. Bovchaliuk, M. J. Garay, G. van Harten, and A. B. Davis, “Joint retrieval of aerosol and water-leaving radiance from multispectral, multiangular and polarimetric measurements over ocean,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 9(7), 2877–2907 (2016).
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Yan, B.

Yang, P.

You, Y.

Zhai, P. W.

F. Xu, O. Dubovik, P. W. Zhai, D. J. Diner, O. V. Kalashnikova, F. C. Seidel, P. Litvinov, A. Bovchaliuk, M. J. Garay, G. van Harten, and A. B. Davis, “Joint retrieval of aerosol and water-leaving radiance from multispectral, multiangular and polarimetric measurements over ocean,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 9(7), 2877–2907 (2016).
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Zhai, P.-W.

P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, D. M. Winker, B. A. Franz, J. Werdell, and E. Boss, “Vector radiative transfer model for coupled atmosphere and ocean systems including inelastic sources in ocean waters,” Opt. Express 25(8), A223–A239 (2017).
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P.-W. Zhai, K. Knobelspiesse, A. Ibrahim, B. A. Franz, Y. Hu, M. Gao, and R. Frouin, “Water-leaving contribution to polarized radiation field over ocean,” Opt. Express 25(16), A689 (2017).
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P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, J. Chowdhary, C. R. Trepte, P. L. Lucker, and D. B. Josset, “A vector radiative transfer model for coupled atmosphere and ocean systems with a rough interface,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 1025–1040 (2010).
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P.-W. Zhai, Y. Hu, C. R. Trepte, and P. L. Lucker, “A vector radiative transfer model for coupled atmosphere and ocean systems based on successive order of scattering method,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2057–2079 (2009).
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Zhang, T.

Zhang, X.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. McKinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
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X. Zhang and L. Hu, “Scattering by pure seawater at high salinity,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12685–12691 (2009).
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Zhao, F.

Zibordi, G.

Y. Fan, W. Li, C. K. Gatebe, C. Jamet, G. Zibordi, T. Schroeder, and K. Stamnes, “Atmospheric correction over coastal waters using multilayer neural networks,” Remote Sens. Environ. 199, 218–240 (2017).
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Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The flow chart for the retrieval optimization and synthetic measurement simulation. Each model listed in the chart is discussed in details in the corresponding section.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The success rate with respect to the critical cost function value χ c 2.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The retrieved and true wind speed are compared for fine mode volume fraction fv = 95%, 50% and 10% and the relative humidity RH = 50% and 95%, and aerosol optical depth τa(550nm)=0.05, 0.15 and 0.3. The vertical bar shows the retrieval uncertainty determined through the variation of retrieved values. Solid line incidates the true wind speed value of 5m/s.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The retrieved and true aerosol size distribution comparison for the same cases shown in Fig. 3. The true aerosol size distribution are shown in black. The retrieval results for three different optical depths are shown in blue, green and red, where the vertical variations represent the retrieval uncertainty.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The comparison between the retrieved and true volume averaged refractive indices for the same cases shown in Fig. 3.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The retrieved and true aerosol optical depth(τa) for the same cases as in Fig. 3.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Same as Fig. 3 but for the aerosol single scattering albedo.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Same as Fig. 3, but for the aerosol backscattering fraction.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Same as Fig. 6 but for the aerosol backscatteing optical depth τB defined in Eq. (7).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Same as Fig. 9 but for percentage difference between the retrieved and true backscattering optical depth.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Examples of the TOA water-leaving reflectance spectra ( ρ a TOA) and its percentage in the total reflectance ( 100 × ρ w TOA / ρ I) for τa(550nm) = 0.15, RH = 50% and fv = 50%.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 The comparison between the true and retrieved TOA water leaving signal ( ρ w TOA) for τa(550nm) = 0.05.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Same as Fig. 12 but with τa(550nm) = 0.15.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 Same as Fig. 12, but with τa(550nm) = 0.3.
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 The comparison between the retrieved and true bb/(a + bb) for τa(550nm) = 0.15.

Tables (6)

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Table 1 Retrieval parameters for aerosols and wind speed. Min., Max. and Init. are the minimum and maximum values allowed and the initial values used in retrieval. mr and mi are the real and imaginary refractive indices. Vi is the column volume density defined in Eq. (5). (*The initial Vi is determined by assuming aerosol optical depth of 0.1 with fine mode volume fraction of 50%.)

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Table 2 Same as Table 1 but for the retrieval parameters of the bio-optical model as defined in Eqs. (9)(11).

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Table 3 The true and retrieved effective radii for fine mode (reff,f) and coarse mode (reff,c) in μm derived from the aerosol size distributions shown in Fig. 4. The first row for each RH case shows the true effective radii.

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Table 4 The comparison between the true and retrieved TOA water leaving signal in terms of fitting slope, bias, correlation, and RMS for band 410nm, 550nm and 670nm and τa(550nm) = 0.05 same as Fig. 12. The first column shows the fine mode volume fraction (fv).

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Table 5 Same as Table 4 but for τa(550nm) = 0.15 and Fig. 13.

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Table 6 Same as Table 4 but for τa(550nm) = 0.3 and Fig. 14.

Equations (11)

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ρ t = π L t / [ F 0 cos θ 0 ] , ρ Q = π Q t / [ F 0 cos θ 0 ] , ρ U = π U t / [ F 0 cos θ 0 ] ,
χ 2 = 1 N i ( [ ρ t ( i ) ρ t f ( x ; i ) ] 2 σ t 2 ( i ) + [ ρ Q ( i ) ρ Q f ( x ; i ) ] 2 σ Q 2 ( i ) )
σ t 2 = 2 σ f 2 / cos 2 θ 0 + σ s ρ t / cos θ 0 + σ c 2 ρ t 2 ,
σ Q 2 = 2 σ f 2 / cos 2 θ 0 + σ s ρ t / cos θ 0 + σ c 2 ρ Q 2 + σ p 2 ( ρ I + | ρ Q | ) 2 ,
d v d ln r = i = 1 6 V i 2 π σ i exp [ ( ln r ln r i ) 2 2 σ i 2 ]
τ a = i = 1 6 C ext , i 3 V i 4 π r i 3 exp ( 4.5 σ i 2 )
τ B = τ a × α × B a
a ph = A ph ( λ ) [ Chla ] E ph ( λ )
a dg = a dg ( 440 ) exp [ S dg ( λ 440 ) ]
b bp = b bp ( 660 ) ( λ / 660 ) S bp
B p = B p ( 660 ) ( λ / 660 ) S B p

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