Abstract

We present a compact laboratory system for near edge soft X-ray fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy that was developed using a laser-plasma light source. The source is based on a double stream gas puff target. The plasma is formed by the interaction of a laser beam with the double stream gas puff target approach. The laser plasma source was optimized for efficient soft X-ray emission from a krypton/helium target in the range of 1.5 to 5 nm wavelength. This emission is used to acquire simultaneously the emission and absorption spectra of soft X-ray light from the source and from the investigated sample using a grazing incidence spectrometer. The measurements in the transmission mode reveal the features near the carbon K-α absorption edge of thin PET film. From those features, the composition of the sample was successfully obtained. The data are in agreement with synchrotron measurements. In the paper, the detailed information about the source, its optimization, the system, spectral measurements and the results are presented and discussed.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. E. Harries and D. W. L. Hukins, “Analysis of the EXAFS spectrum of hydroxyapatite,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 19(34), 6859–6872 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  4. V. Carravetta, O. Plashkevych, and H. Ågren, “A theoretical study of the near-edge x-ray absorption spectra of some larger amino acids,” J. Chem. Phys. 109(4), 1456–1464 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  5. O. Dhez, H. Ade, and S. Urquhart, “Calibrated NEXAFS spectra of some common polymers,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 128(1), 85–96 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Gainar, J. S. Stevens, C. Jaye, D. A. Fischer, and S. L. M. Schroeder, “NEXAFS Sensitivity to Bond Lengths in Complex Molecular Materials: A Study of Crystalline Saccharides,” J. Phys. Chem. B 119(45), 14373–14381 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. G. Urquhart and H. Ade, “Trends in the Carbonyl Core (C 1S, O 1S) -> π*C=O Transition in the Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectra of Organic Molecules,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(34), 8531–8538 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  8. B. M. Kincaid and P. M. Eisenberger, “Synchrotron Radiation Studies of the K-Edge Photoabsorption Spectra of Kr, Br2 and GeCl4: A Comparison of Theory and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 34(22), 1361–1364 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  9. O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
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  10. G. Hähner, “Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy as a tool to probe electronic and structural properties of thin organic films and liquids,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 35(12), 1244–1255 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. I. Tanaka, T. Mizoguchi, T. Sekine, H. He, K. Kimoto, T. Kobayashi, S. D. Mo, and W. Y. Ching, “Electron energy loss near-edge structures of cubic Si3N4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(15), 2134–2136 (2001).
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  14. R. W. Easont, D. K. Bradley, J. D. Kilkenny, and G. N. Greaves, “Improved laser-EXAFS studies of aluminium foil,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 17(28), 5067–5074 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  15. U. Vogt, T. Wilhein, H. Stiel, and H. Legall, “High resolution x-ray absorption spectroscopy using a laser plasma radiation source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4606–4609 (2004).
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    [Crossref]
  18. P. Grossmann, I. Rajkovic, R. Moré, J. Norpoth, S. Techert, C. Jooss, and K. Mann, “Time-resolved near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy on photo-induced phase transitions using a tabletop soft-x-ray spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(5), 053110 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  20. F. Ch. Kühl, M. Müller, M. Schellhorn, K. Mann, S. Wieneke, and K. Eusterhues, “Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at atmospheric pressure with a table-top laser-induced soft x-ray source,” ‎,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 34(4), 041302 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. Sedlmair, S. C. Geber, C. Peth, K. Mann, and J. Thieme, “NEXAFS spectroscopy with a laser plasma x-ray source on soil samples,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 186, 012034 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  22. S. L. Cousin, F. Silva, S. Teichmann, M. Hemmer, B. Buades, and J. Biegert, “High-flux table-top soft X-ray source driven by sub-2-cycle, CEP stable, 1.85-μm 1-kHz pulses for carbon K-edge spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 39(18), 5383–5386 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  25. H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, J. Krzywiński, J. Mikołajczyk, R. Rakowski, A. Szczurek, and M. Szczurek, “Compact laser plasma EUV source based on a gas puff target for metrology applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 401(1–2), 99–103 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  26. P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, and J. Kostecki, “A 50 nm spatial resolution EUV imaging-resolution dependence on object thickness and illumination bandwidth,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9541–9550 (2011).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, and P. Wachulak, “Spectral investigations of photoionized plasmas induced in atomic and molecular gases using nanosecond extreme ultraviolet (EUV) pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 21(7), 073303 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. Bartnik, W. Lisowski, J. Sobczak, P. Wachulak, B. Budner, B. Korczyc, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Simultaneous treatment of polymer surface by EUV radiation and ionized nitrogen,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 109(1), 39–43 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  30. D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  31. J. Sedlmair, S. Gleber, Ch. Peth, K. Mann, J. Niemeyer, and J. Thieme, “Characterization of refractory organic substances by NEXAFS using a compact X-ray source,” J. Soils Sediments 12(1), 24–34 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  32. N. Nakano, H. Kuroda, T. Kita, and T. Harada, “Development of a flat-field grazing-incidence XUV spectrometer and its application in picosecond XUV spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 23(14), 2386–2392 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
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    [Crossref]
  36. H. Bubert, J. Lambert, and P. Burba, “Structural and elemental investigations of isolated aquatic humic substances using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 368(2-3), 274–280 (2000).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  40. K. Xia, F. Weesner, W. F. Bleam, P. A. Helmke, P. R. Bloom, and U. L. Skyllberg, “XANES studies of oxidation states of sulfur in aquatic and soil humic substances,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62(5), 1240–1246 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  41. S. di Stasio and A. Braun, “Comparative NEXAFS study on soot obtained from an ethylene/air flame, a diesel engine, and graphite,” Energy Fuels 20(1), 187–194 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  42. A. Lippitz, J. F. Friedrich, S. G. Unger, A. Schertel, and C. Woll, “Surface analysis of partially crystalline and amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) samples by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS),” Polymer (Guildf.) 37(14), 3151–3155 (1996).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, and B. Kanngießer, “Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(20), 201106 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Ch. Kühl, M. Müller, M. Schellhorn, K. Mann, S. Wieneke, and K. Eusterhues, “Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at atmospheric pressure with a table-top laser-induced soft x-ray source,” ‎,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 34(4), 041302 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Gainar, J. S. Stevens, C. Jaye, D. A. Fischer, and S. L. M. Schroeder, “NEXAFS Sensitivity to Bond Lengths in Complex Molecular Materials: A Study of Crystalline Saccharides,” J. Phys. Chem. B 119(45), 14373–14381 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, and P. Wachulak, “Spectral investigations of photoionized plasmas induced in atomic and molecular gases using nanosecond extreme ultraviolet (EUV) pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 21(7), 073303 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. L. Cousin, F. Silva, S. Teichmann, M. Hemmer, B. Buades, and J. Biegert, “High-flux table-top soft X-ray source driven by sub-2-cycle, CEP stable, 1.85-μm 1-kHz pulses for carbon K-edge spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 39(18), 5383–5386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Cousin, F. Silva, S. Teichmann, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “Molecular fine structure from water-window coherent soft-X-rays,” Opt. Photonics News 12, 58 (2014).

2012 (4)

A. Bartnik, W. Lisowski, J. Sobczak, P. Wachulak, B. Budner, B. Korczyc, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Simultaneous treatment of polymer surface by EUV radiation and ionized nitrogen,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 109(1), 39–43 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sedlmair, S. Gleber, Ch. Peth, K. Mann, J. Niemeyer, and J. Thieme, “Characterization of refractory organic substances by NEXAFS using a compact X-ray source,” J. Soils Sediments 12(1), 24–34 (2012).
[Crossref]

O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Grossmann, I. Rajkovic, R. Moré, J. Norpoth, S. Techert, C. Jooss, and K. Mann, “Time-resolved near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy on photo-induced phase transitions using a tabletop soft-x-ray spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(5), 053110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

J. Sedlmair, S. C. Geber, C. Peth, K. Mann, and J. Thieme, “NEXAFS spectroscopy with a laser plasma x-ray source on soil samples,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 186, 012034 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Barkusky, A. Bayer, S. Döring, B. Flöter, P. Großmann, Ch. Peth, M. Reese, and K. Mann, “Applications of compact laser-driven EUV/XUV plasma sources,” Proc. SPIE 7361, 736112 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hähner, “Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy as a tool to probe electronic and structural properties of thin organic films and liquids,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 35(12), 1244–1255 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. di Stasio and A. Braun, “Comparative NEXAFS study on soot obtained from an ethylene/air flame, a diesel engine, and graphite,” Energy Fuels 20(1), 187–194 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, J. Krzywiński, J. Mikołajczyk, R. Rakowski, A. Szczurek, and M. Szczurek, “Compact laser plasma EUV source based on a gas puff target for metrology applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 401(1–2), 99–103 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. Ravel and M. Newville, “ATHENA, ARTEMIS, HEPHAESTUS: data analysis for X-ray absorption spectroscopy using IFEFFIT,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 12(Pt 4), 537–541 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

U. Vogt, T. Wilhein, H. Stiel, and H. Legall, “High resolution x-ray absorption spectroscopy using a laser plasma radiation source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4606–4609 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

S. G. Urquhart and H. Ade, “Trends in the Carbonyl Core (C 1S, O 1S) -> π*C=O Transition in the Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectra of Organic Molecules,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(34), 8531–8538 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

I. Tanaka, T. Mizoguchi, T. Sekine, H. He, K. Kimoto, T. Kobayashi, S. D. Mo, and W. Y. Ching, “Electron energy loss near-edge structures of cubic Si3N4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(15), 2134–2136 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, R. Rakowski, and M. Szczurek, “Enhanced X-ray emission in the 1-keV range from a laser-irradiated gas puff target produced using the double-nozzle setup,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 305–308 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Bubert, J. Lambert, and P. Burba, “Structural and elemental investigations of isolated aquatic humic substances using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 368(2-3), 274–280 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

T. Okajima, K. Teramoto, R. Mitsumoto, H. Oji, Y. Yamamoto, I. Mori, H. Ishii, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, “Polarized NEXAFS Spectroscopic Studies of Poly(butylene terephthalate), Poly(ethylene terephthalate), and Their Model Compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. A 102(36), 7093–7099 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. Carravetta, O. Plashkevych, and H. Ågren, “A theoretical study of the near-edge x-ray absorption spectra of some larger amino acids,” J. Chem. Phys. 109(4), 1456–1464 (1998).
[Crossref]

K. Xia, F. Weesner, W. F. Bleam, P. A. Helmke, P. R. Bloom, and U. L. Skyllberg, “XANES studies of oxidation states of sulfur in aquatic and soil humic substances,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62(5), 1240–1246 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

A. Lippitz, J. F. Friedrich, S. G. Unger, A. Schertel, and C. Woll, “Surface analysis of partially crystalline and amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) samples by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS),” Polymer (Guildf.) 37(14), 3151–3155 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

J. E. Harries and D. W. L. Hukins, “Analysis of the EXAFS spectrum of hydroxyapatite,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 19(34), 6859–6872 (1986).
[Crossref]

1984 (2)

R. W. Easont, D. K. Bradley, J. D. Kilkenny, and G. N. Greaves, “Improved laser-EXAFS studies of aluminium foil,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 17(28), 5067–5074 (1984).
[Crossref]

N. Nakano, H. Kuroda, T. Kita, and T. Harada, “Development of a flat-field grazing-incidence XUV spectrometer and its application in picosecond XUV spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 23(14), 2386–2392 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

P. J. Mallozzi, R. E. Schwerzel, H. M. Epstein, and B. E. Campbell, “Laser-EXAFS: Fast Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy with a Single Pulse of Laser-Produced X-rays,” Science 206(4416), 353–355 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1975 (2)

P. A. Lee and J. B. Pendry, “Theory of the extended x-ray absorption fine structure,” Phys. Rev. B 11(8), 2795–2811 (1975).
[Crossref]

B. M. Kincaid and P. M. Eisenberger, “Synchrotron Radiation Studies of the K-Edge Photoabsorption Spectra of Kr, Br2 and GeCl4: A Comparison of Theory and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 34(22), 1361–1364 (1975).
[Crossref]

Ade, H.

O. Dhez, H. Ade, and S. Urquhart, “Calibrated NEXAFS spectra of some common polymers,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 128(1), 85–96 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. G. Urquhart and H. Ade, “Trends in the Carbonyl Core (C 1S, O 1S) -> π*C=O Transition in the Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectra of Organic Molecules,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(34), 8531–8538 (2002).
[Crossref]

Adjei, D.

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ågren, H.

V. Carravetta, O. Plashkevych, and H. Ågren, “A theoretical study of the near-edge x-ray absorption spectra of some larger amino acids,” J. Chem. Phys. 109(4), 1456–1464 (1998).
[Crossref]

Balasubramanian, M.

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
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Banerjee, S.

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
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F. Barkusky, A. Bayer, S. Döring, B. Flöter, P. Großmann, Ch. Peth, M. Reese, and K. Mann, “Applications of compact laser-driven EUV/XUV plasma sources,” Proc. SPIE 7361, 736112 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bartnik, A.

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, and P. Wachulak, “Spectral investigations of photoionized plasmas induced in atomic and molecular gases using nanosecond extreme ultraviolet (EUV) pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 21(7), 073303 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Bartnik, W. Lisowski, J. Sobczak, P. Wachulak, B. Budner, B. Korczyc, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Simultaneous treatment of polymer surface by EUV radiation and ionized nitrogen,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 109(1), 39–43 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, and J. Kostecki, “A 50 nm spatial resolution EUV imaging-resolution dependence on object thickness and illumination bandwidth,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9541–9550 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, J. Krzywiński, J. Mikołajczyk, R. Rakowski, A. Szczurek, and M. Szczurek, “Compact laser plasma EUV source based on a gas puff target for metrology applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 401(1–2), 99–103 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, R. Rakowski, and M. Szczurek, “Enhanced X-ray emission in the 1-keV range from a laser-irradiated gas puff target produced using the double-nozzle setup,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 305–308 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bayer, A.

F. Barkusky, A. Bayer, S. Döring, B. Flöter, P. Großmann, Ch. Peth, M. Reese, and K. Mann, “Applications of compact laser-driven EUV/XUV plasma sources,” Proc. SPIE 7361, 736112 (2009).
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Biegert, J.

Bleam, W. F.

K. Xia, F. Weesner, W. F. Bleam, P. A. Helmke, P. R. Bloom, and U. L. Skyllberg, “XANES studies of oxidation states of sulfur in aquatic and soil humic substances,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62(5), 1240–1246 (1998).
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Bloom, P. R.

K. Xia, F. Weesner, W. F. Bleam, P. A. Helmke, P. R. Bloom, and U. L. Skyllberg, “XANES studies of oxidation states of sulfur in aquatic and soil humic substances,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62(5), 1240–1246 (1998).
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Boehly, T. R.

Bradley, D. K.

R. W. Easont, D. K. Bradley, J. D. Kilkenny, and G. N. Greaves, “Improved laser-EXAFS studies of aluminium foil,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 17(28), 5067–5074 (1984).
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Braun, A.

S. di Stasio and A. Braun, “Comparative NEXAFS study on soot obtained from an ethylene/air flame, a diesel engine, and graphite,” Energy Fuels 20(1), 187–194 (2006).
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Buades, B.

Bubert, H.

H. Bubert, J. Lambert, and P. Burba, “Structural and elemental investigations of isolated aquatic humic substances using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 368(2-3), 274–280 (2000).
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Budner, B.

A. Bartnik, W. Lisowski, J. Sobczak, P. Wachulak, B. Budner, B. Korczyc, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Simultaneous treatment of polymer surface by EUV radiation and ionized nitrogen,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 109(1), 39–43 (2012).
[Crossref]

Burba, P.

H. Bubert, J. Lambert, and P. Burba, “Structural and elemental investigations of isolated aquatic humic substances using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 368(2-3), 274–280 (2000).
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Calero, G.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campbell, B. E.

P. J. Mallozzi, R. E. Schwerzel, H. M. Epstein, and B. E. Campbell, “Laser-EXAFS: Fast Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy with a Single Pulse of Laser-Produced X-rays,” Science 206(4416), 353–355 (1979).
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Carravetta, V.

V. Carravetta, O. Plashkevych, and H. Ågren, “A theoretical study of the near-edge x-ray absorption spectra of some larger amino acids,” J. Chem. Phys. 109(4), 1456–1464 (1998).
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Cascio, D.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ching, W. Y.

I. Tanaka, T. Mizoguchi, T. Sekine, H. He, K. Kimoto, T. Kobayashi, S. D. Mo, and W. Y. Ching, “Electron energy loss near-edge structures of cubic Si3N4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(15), 2134–2136 (2001).
[Crossref]

Coreno, M.

O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cousin, S. L.

Davídková, M.

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Davis, J. C.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

de la Cruz, M. J.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
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Dhez, O.

O. Dhez, H. Ade, and S. Urquhart, “Calibrated NEXAFS spectra of some common polymers,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 128(1), 85–96 (2003).
[Crossref]

di Stasio, S.

S. di Stasio and A. Braun, “Comparative NEXAFS study on soot obtained from an ethylene/air flame, a diesel engine, and graphite,” Energy Fuels 20(1), 187–194 (2006).
[Crossref]

Döring, S.

F. Barkusky, A. Bayer, S. Döring, B. Flöter, P. Großmann, Ch. Peth, M. Reese, and K. Mann, “Applications of compact laser-driven EUV/XUV plasma sources,” Proc. SPIE 7361, 736112 (2009).
[Crossref]

Easont, R. W.

R. W. Easont, D. K. Bradley, J. D. Kilkenny, and G. N. Greaves, “Improved laser-EXAFS studies of aluminium foil,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 17(28), 5067–5074 (1984).
[Crossref]

Eisenberg, D.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
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Eisenberger, P. M.

B. M. Kincaid and P. M. Eisenberger, “Synchrotron Radiation Studies of the K-Edge Photoabsorption Spectra of Kr, Br2 and GeCl4: A Comparison of Theory and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 34(22), 1361–1364 (1975).
[Crossref]

Epstein, H. M.

P. J. Mallozzi, R. E. Schwerzel, H. M. Epstein, and B. E. Campbell, “Laser-EXAFS: Fast Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy with a Single Pulse of Laser-Produced X-rays,” Science 206(4416), 353–355 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eres, G.

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erko, A.

I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, and B. Kanngießer, “Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(20), 201106 (2016).
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Eusterhues, K.

F. Ch. Kühl, M. Müller, M. Schellhorn, K. Mann, S. Wieneke, and K. Eusterhues, “Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at atmospheric pressure with a table-top laser-induced soft x-ray source,” ‎,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 34(4), 041302 (2016).
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Feigl, T.

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

Feyer, V.

O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fiedorowicz, H.

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, and P. Wachulak, “Spectral investigations of photoionized plasmas induced in atomic and molecular gases using nanosecond extreme ultraviolet (EUV) pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 21(7), 073303 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Bartnik, W. Lisowski, J. Sobczak, P. Wachulak, B. Budner, B. Korczyc, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Simultaneous treatment of polymer surface by EUV radiation and ionized nitrogen,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 109(1), 39–43 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, and J. Kostecki, “A 50 nm spatial resolution EUV imaging-resolution dependence on object thickness and illumination bandwidth,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9541–9550 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, J. Krzywiński, J. Mikołajczyk, R. Rakowski, A. Szczurek, and M. Szczurek, “Compact laser plasma EUV source based on a gas puff target for metrology applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 401(1–2), 99–103 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, R. Rakowski, and M. Szczurek, “Enhanced X-ray emission in the 1-keV range from a laser-irradiated gas puff target produced using the double-nozzle setup,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 305–308 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fischer, D. A.

A. Gainar, J. S. Stevens, C. Jaye, D. A. Fischer, and S. L. M. Schroeder, “NEXAFS Sensitivity to Bond Lengths in Complex Molecular Materials: A Study of Crystalline Saccharides,” J. Phys. Chem. B 119(45), 14373–14381 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flöter, B.

F. Barkusky, A. Bayer, S. Döring, B. Flöter, P. Großmann, Ch. Peth, M. Reese, and K. Mann, “Applications of compact laser-driven EUV/XUV plasma sources,” Proc. SPIE 7361, 736112 (2009).
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A. Lippitz, J. F. Friedrich, S. G. Unger, A. Schertel, and C. Woll, “Surface analysis of partially crystalline and amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) samples by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS),” Polymer (Guildf.) 37(14), 3151–3155 (1996).
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Gainar, A.

A. Gainar, J. S. Stevens, C. Jaye, D. A. Fischer, and S. L. M. Schroeder, “NEXAFS Sensitivity to Bond Lengths in Complex Molecular Materials: A Study of Crystalline Saccharides,” J. Phys. Chem. B 119(45), 14373–14381 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geber, S. C.

J. Sedlmair, S. C. Geber, C. Peth, K. Mann, and J. Thieme, “NEXAFS spectroscopy with a laser plasma x-ray source on soil samples,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 186, 012034 (2009).
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Geohegan, D. B.

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Getachew Ayele, M.

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gleber, S.

J. Sedlmair, S. Gleber, Ch. Peth, K. Mann, J. Niemeyer, and J. Thieme, “Characterization of refractory organic substances by NEXAFS using a compact X-ray source,” J. Soils Sediments 12(1), 24–34 (2012).
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Gonen, T.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greaves, G. N.

R. W. Easont, D. K. Bradley, J. D. Kilkenny, and G. N. Greaves, “Improved laser-EXAFS studies of aluminium foil,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 17(28), 5067–5074 (1984).
[Crossref]

Grossmann, P.

P. Grossmann, I. Rajkovic, R. Moré, J. Norpoth, S. Techert, C. Jooss, and K. Mann, “Time-resolved near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy on photo-induced phase transitions using a tabletop soft-x-ray spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(5), 053110 (2012).
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Großmann, P.

F. Barkusky, A. Bayer, S. Döring, B. Flöter, P. Großmann, Ch. Peth, M. Reese, and K. Mann, “Applications of compact laser-driven EUV/XUV plasma sources,” Proc. SPIE 7361, 736112 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grötzsch, D.

I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, and B. Kanngießer, “Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(20), 201106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gullikson, E. M.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hähner, G.

G. Hähner, “Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy as a tool to probe electronic and structural properties of thin organic films and liquids,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 35(12), 1244–1255 (2006).
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Han, W.

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harada, T.

Harries, J. E.

J. E. Harries and D. W. L. Hukins, “Analysis of the EXAFS spectrum of hydroxyapatite,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 19(34), 6859–6872 (1986).
[Crossref]

Hattne, J.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, H.

I. Tanaka, T. Mizoguchi, T. Sekine, H. He, K. Kimoto, T. Kobayashi, S. D. Mo, and W. Y. Ching, “Electron energy loss near-edge structures of cubic Si3N4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(15), 2134–2136 (2001).
[Crossref]

Helmke, P. A.

K. Xia, F. Weesner, W. F. Bleam, P. A. Helmke, P. R. Bloom, and U. L. Skyllberg, “XANES studies of oxidation states of sulfur in aquatic and soil humic substances,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62(5), 1240–1246 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hemmer, M.

Hemraj-Benny, T.

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henke, B. L.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hinck, A. P.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hinck, C. S.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hukins, D. W. L.

J. E. Harries and D. W. L. Hukins, “Analysis of the EXAFS spectrum of hydroxyapatite,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 19(34), 6859–6872 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ishii, H.

T. Okajima, K. Teramoto, R. Mitsumoto, H. Oji, Y. Yamamoto, I. Mori, H. Ishii, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, “Polarized NEXAFS Spectroscopic Studies of Poly(butylene terephthalate), Poly(ethylene terephthalate), and Their Model Compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. A 102(36), 7093–7099 (1998).
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H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, J. Krzywiński, J. Mikołajczyk, R. Rakowski, A. Szczurek, and M. Szczurek, “Compact laser plasma EUV source based on a gas puff target for metrology applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 401(1–2), 99–103 (2005).
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I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, and B. Kanngießer, “Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(20), 201106 (2016).
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F. Ch. Kühl, M. Müller, M. Schellhorn, K. Mann, S. Wieneke, and K. Eusterhues, “Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at atmospheric pressure with a table-top laser-induced soft x-ray source,” ‎,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 34(4), 041302 (2016).
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P. Grossmann, I. Rajkovic, R. Moré, J. Norpoth, S. Techert, C. Jooss, and K. Mann, “Time-resolved near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy on photo-induced phase transitions using a tabletop soft-x-ray spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(5), 053110 (2012).
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J. Sedlmair, S. Gleber, Ch. Peth, K. Mann, J. Niemeyer, and J. Thieme, “Characterization of refractory organic substances by NEXAFS using a compact X-ray source,” J. Soils Sediments 12(1), 24–34 (2012).
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J. Sedlmair, S. C. Geber, C. Peth, K. Mann, and J. Thieme, “NEXAFS spectroscopy with a laser plasma x-ray source on soil samples,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 186, 012034 (2009).
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F. Barkusky, A. Bayer, S. Döring, B. Flöter, P. Großmann, Ch. Peth, M. Reese, and K. Mann, “Applications of compact laser-driven EUV/XUV plasma sources,” Proc. SPIE 7361, 736112 (2009).
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Mikolajczyk, J.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, J. Krzywiński, J. Mikołajczyk, R. Rakowski, A. Szczurek, and M. Szczurek, “Compact laser plasma EUV source based on a gas puff target for metrology applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 401(1–2), 99–103 (2005).
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T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
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I. Tanaka, T. Mizoguchi, T. Sekine, H. He, K. Kimoto, T. Kobayashi, S. D. Mo, and W. Y. Ching, “Electron energy loss near-edge structures of cubic Si3N4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(15), 2134–2136 (2001).
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P. Grossmann, I. Rajkovic, R. Moré, J. Norpoth, S. Techert, C. Jooss, and K. Mann, “Time-resolved near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy on photo-induced phase transitions using a tabletop soft-x-ray spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(5), 053110 (2012).
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O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
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F. Ch. Kühl, M. Müller, M. Schellhorn, K. Mann, S. Wieneke, and K. Eusterhues, “Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at atmospheric pressure with a table-top laser-induced soft x-ray source,” ‎,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 34(4), 041302 (2016).
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Nawaz, M. F.

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
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B. Ravel and M. Newville, “ATHENA, ARTEMIS, HEPHAESTUS: data analysis for X-ray absorption spectroscopy using IFEFFIT,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 12(Pt 4), 537–541 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. Sedlmair, S. Gleber, Ch. Peth, K. Mann, J. Niemeyer, and J. Thieme, “Characterization of refractory organic substances by NEXAFS using a compact X-ray source,” J. Soils Sediments 12(1), 24–34 (2012).
[Crossref]

Norpoth, J.

P. Grossmann, I. Rajkovic, R. Moré, J. Norpoth, S. Techert, C. Jooss, and K. Mann, “Time-resolved near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy on photo-induced phase transitions using a tabletop soft-x-ray spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(5), 053110 (2012).
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T. Okajima, K. Teramoto, R. Mitsumoto, H. Oji, Y. Yamamoto, I. Mori, H. Ishii, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, “Polarized NEXAFS Spectroscopic Studies of Poly(butylene terephthalate), Poly(ethylene terephthalate), and Their Model Compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. A 102(36), 7093–7099 (1998).
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T. Okajima, K. Teramoto, R. Mitsumoto, H. Oji, Y. Yamamoto, I. Mori, H. Ishii, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, “Polarized NEXAFS Spectroscopic Studies of Poly(butylene terephthalate), Poly(ethylene terephthalate), and Their Model Compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. A 102(36), 7093–7099 (1998).
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Ouchi, Y.

T. Okajima, K. Teramoto, R. Mitsumoto, H. Oji, Y. Yamamoto, I. Mori, H. Ishii, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, “Polarized NEXAFS Spectroscopic Studies of Poly(butylene terephthalate), Poly(ethylene terephthalate), and Their Model Compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. A 102(36), 7093–7099 (1998).
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Pendry, J. B.

P. A. Lee and J. B. Pendry, “Theory of the extended x-ray absorption fine structure,” Phys. Rev. B 11(8), 2795–2811 (1975).
[Crossref]

Peth, C.

J. Sedlmair, S. C. Geber, C. Peth, K. Mann, and J. Thieme, “NEXAFS spectroscopy with a laser plasma x-ray source on soil samples,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 186, 012034 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peth, Ch.

J. Sedlmair, S. Gleber, Ch. Peth, K. Mann, J. Niemeyer, and J. Thieme, “Characterization of refractory organic substances by NEXAFS using a compact X-ray source,” J. Soils Sediments 12(1), 24–34 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Barkusky, A. Bayer, S. Döring, B. Flöter, P. Großmann, Ch. Peth, M. Reese, and K. Mann, “Applications of compact laser-driven EUV/XUV plasma sources,” Proc. SPIE 7361, 736112 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pina, L.

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
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O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prince, K. C.

O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Puretzky, A. A.

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rajkovic, I.

P. Grossmann, I. Rajkovic, R. Moré, J. Norpoth, S. Techert, C. Jooss, and K. Mann, “Time-resolved near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy on photo-induced phase transitions using a tabletop soft-x-ray spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(5), 053110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rakowski, R.

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, J. Krzywiński, J. Mikołajczyk, R. Rakowski, A. Szczurek, and M. Szczurek, “Compact laser plasma EUV source based on a gas puff target for metrology applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 401(1–2), 99–103 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, R. Rakowski, and M. Szczurek, “Enhanced X-ray emission in the 1-keV range from a laser-irradiated gas puff target produced using the double-nozzle setup,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 305–308 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ravel, B.

B. Ravel and M. Newville, “ATHENA, ARTEMIS, HEPHAESTUS: data analysis for X-ray absorption spectroscopy using IFEFFIT,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 12(Pt 4), 537–541 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reese, M.

F. Barkusky, A. Bayer, S. Döring, B. Flöter, P. Großmann, Ch. Peth, M. Reese, and K. Mann, “Applications of compact laser-driven EUV/XUV plasma sources,” Proc. SPIE 7361, 736112 (2009).
[Crossref]

Reyes, F. E.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richter, R.

O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, J.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudawski, P.

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rudolph, I.

I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, and B. Kanngießer, “Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(20), 201106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sambasivan, S.

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sawaya, M. R.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sawicka, M.

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schellhorn, M.

F. Ch. Kühl, M. Müller, M. Schellhorn, K. Mann, S. Wieneke, and K. Eusterhues, “Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at atmospheric pressure with a table-top laser-induced soft x-ray source,” ‎,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 34(4), 041302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schertel, A.

A. Lippitz, J. F. Friedrich, S. G. Unger, A. Schertel, and C. Woll, “Surface analysis of partially crystalline and amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) samples by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS),” Polymer (Guildf.) 37(14), 3151–3155 (1996).
[Crossref]

Schroeder, S. L. M.

A. Gainar, J. S. Stevens, C. Jaye, D. A. Fischer, and S. L. M. Schroeder, “NEXAFS Sensitivity to Bond Lengths in Complex Molecular Materials: A Study of Crystalline Saccharides,” J. Phys. Chem. B 119(45), 14373–14381 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwerzel, R. E.

P. J. Mallozzi, R. E. Schwerzel, H. M. Epstein, and B. E. Campbell, “Laser-EXAFS: Fast Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy with a Single Pulse of Laser-Produced X-rays,” Science 206(4416), 353–355 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sedlmair, J.

J. Sedlmair, S. Gleber, Ch. Peth, K. Mann, J. Niemeyer, and J. Thieme, “Characterization of refractory organic substances by NEXAFS using a compact X-ray source,” J. Soils Sediments 12(1), 24–34 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sedlmair, S. C. Geber, C. Peth, K. Mann, and J. Thieme, “NEXAFS spectroscopy with a laser plasma x-ray source on soil samples,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 186, 012034 (2009).
[Crossref]

Seidler, P.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seki, K.

T. Okajima, K. Teramoto, R. Mitsumoto, H. Oji, Y. Yamamoto, I. Mori, H. Ishii, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, “Polarized NEXAFS Spectroscopic Studies of Poly(butylene terephthalate), Poly(ethylene terephthalate), and Their Model Compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. A 102(36), 7093–7099 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sekine, T.

I. Tanaka, T. Mizoguchi, T. Sekine, H. He, K. Kimoto, T. Kobayashi, S. D. Mo, and W. Y. Ching, “Electron energy loss near-edge structures of cubic Si3N4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(15), 2134–2136 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shi, D.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silva, F.

Skyllberg, U. L.

K. Xia, F. Weesner, W. F. Bleam, P. A. Helmke, P. R. Bloom, and U. L. Skyllberg, “XANES studies of oxidation states of sulfur in aquatic and soil humic substances,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62(5), 1240–1246 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sobczak, J.

A. Bartnik, W. Lisowski, J. Sobczak, P. Wachulak, B. Budner, B. Korczyc, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Simultaneous treatment of polymer surface by EUV radiation and ionized nitrogen,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 109(1), 39–43 (2012).
[Crossref]

Soshnikov, D. Yu.

O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stevens, J. S.

A. Gainar, J. S. Stevens, C. Jaye, D. A. Fischer, and S. L. M. Schroeder, “NEXAFS Sensitivity to Bond Lengths in Complex Molecular Materials: A Study of Crystalline Saccharides,” J. Phys. Chem. B 119(45), 14373–14381 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stiel, H.

I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, and B. Kanngießer, “Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(20), 201106 (2016).
[Crossref]

U. Vogt, T. Wilhein, H. Stiel, and H. Legall, “High resolution x-ray absorption spectroscopy using a laser plasma radiation source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4606–4609 (2004).
[Crossref]

Streeck, C.

I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, and B. Kanngießer, “Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(20), 201106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Szczurek, A.

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, J. Krzywiński, J. Mikołajczyk, R. Rakowski, A. Szczurek, and M. Szczurek, “Compact laser plasma EUV source based on a gas puff target for metrology applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 401(1–2), 99–103 (2005).
[Crossref]

Szczurek, M.

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, J. Krzywiński, J. Mikołajczyk, R. Rakowski, A. Szczurek, and M. Szczurek, “Compact laser plasma EUV source based on a gas puff target for metrology applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 401(1–2), 99–103 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, R. Rakowski, and M. Szczurek, “Enhanced X-ray emission in the 1-keV range from a laser-irradiated gas puff target produced using the double-nozzle setup,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 305–308 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, I.

I. Tanaka, T. Mizoguchi, T. Sekine, H. He, K. Kimoto, T. Kobayashi, S. D. Mo, and W. Y. Ching, “Electron energy loss near-edge structures of cubic Si3N4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(15), 2134–2136 (2001).
[Crossref]

Techert, S.

P. Grossmann, I. Rajkovic, R. Moré, J. Norpoth, S. Techert, C. Jooss, and K. Mann, “Time-resolved near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy on photo-induced phase transitions using a tabletop soft-x-ray spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(5), 053110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teichmann, S.

Teramoto, K.

T. Okajima, K. Teramoto, R. Mitsumoto, H. Oji, Y. Yamamoto, I. Mori, H. Ishii, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, “Polarized NEXAFS Spectroscopic Studies of Poly(butylene terephthalate), Poly(ethylene terephthalate), and Their Model Compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. A 102(36), 7093–7099 (1998).
[Crossref]

Thieme, J.

J. Sedlmair, S. Gleber, Ch. Peth, K. Mann, J. Niemeyer, and J. Thieme, “Characterization of refractory organic substances by NEXAFS using a compact X-ray source,” J. Soils Sediments 12(1), 24–34 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sedlmair, S. C. Geber, C. Peth, K. Mann, and J. Thieme, “NEXAFS spectroscopy with a laser plasma x-ray source on soil samples,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 186, 012034 (2009).
[Crossref]

Torrisi, A.

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Town, R. P. J.

Trofimov, A. B.

O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turnová, J.

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Unger, S. G.

A. Lippitz, J. F. Friedrich, S. G. Unger, A. Schertel, and C. Woll, “Surface analysis of partially crystalline and amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) samples by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS),” Polymer (Guildf.) 37(14), 3151–3155 (1996).
[Crossref]

Urquhart, S.

O. Dhez, H. Ade, and S. Urquhart, “Calibrated NEXAFS spectra of some common polymers,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 128(1), 85–96 (2003).
[Crossref]

Urquhart, S. G.

S. G. Urquhart and H. Ade, “Trends in the Carbonyl Core (C 1S, O 1S) -> π*C=O Transition in the Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectra of Organic Molecules,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(34), 8531–8538 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vogt, U.

U. Vogt, T. Wilhein, H. Stiel, and H. Legall, “High resolution x-ray absorption spectroscopy using a laser plasma radiation source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4606–4609 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vondrová, Š.

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vrbová, M.

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vyšín, L.

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wachulak, P.

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, and P. Wachulak, “Spectral investigations of photoionized plasmas induced in atomic and molecular gases using nanosecond extreme ultraviolet (EUV) pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 21(7), 073303 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Bartnik, W. Lisowski, J. Sobczak, P. Wachulak, B. Budner, B. Korczyc, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Simultaneous treatment of polymer surface by EUV radiation and ionized nitrogen,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 109(1), 39–43 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wachulak, P. W.

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, and J. Kostecki, “A 50 nm spatial resolution EUV imaging-resolution dependence on object thickness and illumination bandwidth,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9541–9550 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

Weesner, F.

K. Xia, F. Weesner, W. F. Bleam, P. A. Helmke, P. R. Bloom, and U. L. Skyllberg, “XANES studies of oxidation states of sulfur in aquatic and soil humic substances,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62(5), 1240–1246 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wegrzynski, L.

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Weiss, S. C.

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiechec, A.

D. Adjei, M. Getachew Ayele, P. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, Ł. Wegrzynski, H. Fiedorowicz, L. Vyšín, A. Wiechec, J. Lekki, W. M. Kwiatek, L. Pina, M. Davídková, and L. Juha, “Development of a compact laser-produced plasma soft X-ray source for radiobiology experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 364, 27–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wieneke, S.

F. Ch. Kühl, M. Müller, M. Schellhorn, K. Mann, S. Wieneke, and K. Eusterhues, “Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at atmospheric pressure with a table-top laser-induced soft x-ray source,” ‎,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 34(4), 041302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wilhein, T.

U. Vogt, T. Wilhein, H. Stiel, and H. Legall, “High resolution x-ray absorption spectroscopy using a laser plasma radiation source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4606–4609 (2004).
[Crossref]

Witte, K.

I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, and B. Kanngießer, “Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(20), 201106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Woll, C.

A. Lippitz, J. F. Friedrich, S. G. Unger, A. Schertel, and C. Woll, “Surface analysis of partially crystalline and amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) samples by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS),” Polymer (Guildf.) 37(14), 3151–3155 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wong, S. S.

T. Hemraj-Benny, S. Banerjee, S. Sambasivan, M. Balasubramanian, D. A. Fischer, G. Eres, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, D. H. Lowndes, W. Han, J. A. Misewich, and S. S. Wong, “Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy as a Tool for Investigating Nanomaterials,” Small 2(1), 26–35 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, K.

K. Xia, F. Weesner, W. F. Bleam, P. A. Helmke, P. R. Bloom, and U. L. Skyllberg, “XANES studies of oxidation states of sulfur in aquatic and soil humic substances,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62(5), 1240–1246 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yaakobi, B.

Yamamoto, Y.

T. Okajima, K. Teramoto, R. Mitsumoto, H. Oji, Y. Yamamoto, I. Mori, H. Ishii, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, “Polarized NEXAFS Spectroscopic Studies of Poly(butylene terephthalate), Poly(ethylene terephthalate), and Their Model Compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. A 102(36), 7093–7099 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zawadzki, Z.

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zaytseva, I. L.

O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

P. W. Wachulak, A. Bartnik, H. Fiedorowicz, T. Feigl, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, R. Rakowski, P. Rudawski, M. Sawicka, M. Szczurek, A. Szczurek, and Z. Zawadzki, “A compact, quasi-monochromatic laser-plasma EUV source based on a double-stream gas-puff target at 13.8 nm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 461–469 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, R. Rakowski, and M. Szczurek, “Enhanced X-ray emission in the 1-keV range from a laser-irradiated gas puff target produced using the double-nozzle setup,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 305–308 (2000).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

I. Tanaka, T. Mizoguchi, T. Sekine, H. He, K. Kimoto, T. Kobayashi, S. D. Mo, and W. Y. Ching, “Electron energy loss near-edge structures of cubic Si3N4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(15), 2134–2136 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, and B. Kanngießer, “Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(20), 201106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

A. Bartnik, W. Lisowski, J. Sobczak, P. Wachulak, B. Budner, B. Korczyc, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Simultaneous treatment of polymer surface by EUV radiation and ionized nitrogen,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 109(1), 39–43 (2012).
[Crossref]

At. Data Nucl. Data Tables (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

G. Hähner, “Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy as a tool to probe electronic and structural properties of thin organic films and liquids,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 35(12), 1244–1255 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Energy Fuels (1)

S. di Stasio and A. Braun, “Comparative NEXAFS study on soot obtained from an ethylene/air flame, a diesel engine, and graphite,” Energy Fuels 20(1), 187–194 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. (1)

H. Bubert, J. Lambert, and P. Burba, “Structural and elemental investigations of isolated aquatic humic substances using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 368(2-3), 274–280 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, J. Krzywiński, J. Mikołajczyk, R. Rakowski, A. Szczurek, and M. Szczurek, “Compact laser plasma EUV source based on a gas puff target for metrology applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 401(1–2), 99–103 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

V. Carravetta, O. Plashkevych, and H. Ågren, “A theoretical study of the near-edge x-ray absorption spectra of some larger amino acids,” J. Chem. Phys. 109(4), 1456–1464 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. (1)

O. Dhez, H. Ade, and S. Urquhart, “Calibrated NEXAFS spectra of some common polymers,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 128(1), 85–96 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

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R. W. Easont, D. K. Bradley, J. D. Kilkenny, and G. N. Greaves, “Improved laser-EXAFS studies of aluminium foil,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 17(28), 5067–5074 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. E. Harries and D. W. L. Hukins, “Analysis of the EXAFS spectrum of hydroxyapatite,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 19(34), 6859–6872 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. A (2)

O. Plekan, V. Feyer, R. Richter, A. Moise, M. Coreno, K. C. Prince, I. L. Zaytseva, T. E. Moskovskaya, D. Yu. Soshnikov, and A. B. Trofimov, “X-ray Spectroscopy of Heterocyclic Biochemicals: Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, and Caffeine,” J. Phys. Chem. A 116(23), 5653–5664 (2012).
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T. Okajima, K. Teramoto, R. Mitsumoto, H. Oji, Y. Yamamoto, I. Mori, H. Ishii, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, “Polarized NEXAFS Spectroscopic Studies of Poly(butylene terephthalate), Poly(ethylene terephthalate), and Their Model Compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. A 102(36), 7093–7099 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

A. Gainar, J. S. Stevens, C. Jaye, D. A. Fischer, and S. L. M. Schroeder, “NEXAFS Sensitivity to Bond Lengths in Complex Molecular Materials: A Study of Crystalline Saccharides,” J. Phys. Chem. B 119(45), 14373–14381 (2015).
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S. G. Urquhart and H. Ade, “Trends in the Carbonyl Core (C 1S, O 1S) -> π*C=O Transition in the Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectra of Organic Molecules,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(34), 8531–8538 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

J. Sedlmair, S. C. Geber, C. Peth, K. Mann, and J. Thieme, “NEXAFS spectroscopy with a laser plasma x-ray source on soil samples,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 186, 012034 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Soils Sediments (1)

J. Sedlmair, S. Gleber, Ch. Peth, K. Mann, J. Niemeyer, and J. Thieme, “Characterization of refractory organic substances by NEXAFS using a compact X-ray source,” J. Soils Sediments 12(1), 24–34 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (1)

B. Ravel and M. Newville, “ATHENA, ARTEMIS, HEPHAESTUS: data analysis for X-ray absorption spectroscopy using IFEFFIT,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 12(Pt 4), 537–541 (2005).
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J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

F. Ch. Kühl, M. Müller, M. Schellhorn, K. Mann, S. Wieneke, and K. Eusterhues, “Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at atmospheric pressure with a table-top laser-induced soft x-ray source,” ‎,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 34(4), 041302 (2016).
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Microsc. Microanal. (1)

P. Wachulak, A. Torrisi, M. F. Nawaz, A. Bartnik, D. Adjei, Š. Vondrová, J. Turňová, A. Jančarek, J. Limpouch, M. Vrbová, and H. Fiedorowicz, “A Compact “water window” microscope with 60 nm spatial resolution for applications in biology and nanotechnology,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(5), 1214–1223 (2015).
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Nat. Methods (1)

M. J. de la Cruz, J. Hattne, D. Shi, P. Seidler, J. Rodriguez, F. E. Reyes, M. R. Sawaya, D. Cascio, S. C. Weiss, S. K. Kim, C. S. Hinck, A. P. Hinck, G. Calero, D. Eisenberg, and T. Gonen, “Atomic-resolution structures from fragmented protein crystals with the cryoEM method MicroED,” Nat. Methods 14(4), 399–402 (2017).
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Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B (1)

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Opt. Express (1)

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Phys. Plasmas (1)

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A. Lippitz, J. F. Friedrich, S. G. Unger, A. Schertel, and C. Woll, “Surface analysis of partially crystalline and amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) samples by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS),” Polymer (Guildf.) 37(14), 3151–3155 (1996).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

F. Barkusky, A. Bayer, S. Döring, B. Flöter, P. Großmann, Ch. Peth, M. Reese, and K. Mann, “Applications of compact laser-driven EUV/XUV plasma sources,” Proc. SPIE 7361, 736112 (2009).
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Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

U. Vogt, T. Wilhein, H. Stiel, and H. Legall, “High resolution x-ray absorption spectroscopy using a laser plasma radiation source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4606–4609 (2004).
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Science (1)

P. J. Mallozzi, R. E. Schwerzel, H. M. Epstein, and B. E. Campbell, “Laser-EXAFS: Fast Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy with a Single Pulse of Laser-Produced X-rays,” Science 206(4416), 353–355 (1979).
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Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. (1)

K. Xia, F. Weesner, W. F. Bleam, P. A. Helmke, P. R. Bloom, and U. L. Skyllberg, “XANES studies of oxidation states of sulfur in aquatic and soil humic substances,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62(5), 1240–1246 (1998).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Optical arrangement for obtaining simultaneously reference and sample spectra a) and the scheme of the experimental NEXAFS system employing laser plasma source based on a double stream gas puff target b).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Photograph of the compact NEXAFS system with major components indicated.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Scheme of the grazing incidence SXR spectrometer with geometrical parameters indicated a). Three gasses were used for calibration of the spectrometer: SF6, N2, and Ar. The isolated transitions with known wavelengths b) were used to obtain the spectrometer calibration curve c).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Plots depicting optimization of the laser plasma source based on a double stream gas puff target. The optimization is based on obtaining a maximum signal from Kr spectrum. Peak intensity curve was obtained considering emission from Kr plasma in the vicinity of 4.5 nm wavelength (see Fig. 5(a) – reference spectrum). Spectral integration curve depicts the change of emission obtained through spectral integration from 1.5 to 5 nm wavelength. Optimization of a lens position a). The lens position was changed in the direction indicated in Fig. 1 as “x”. Optimization of a valve position b) in the direction indicated as “y” in Fig. 1. Optimization of two gases forming the target: Kr – c) and He – d). Timing optimization of the source e). The opening times for two gasses B = D = 1 ms was kept unchanged, while Kr delay time A and He delay time C, with respect to the laser pulse, was changed.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Typical reference and sample spectra from a 1 μm thick PET foil, obtained with 100 SXR pulses.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Attenuation coefficient of the sample obtained near the carbon K-α absorption edge showing spectral features which were directly compared to the synchrotron data [5] showing good correspondence and exhibiting the expected features at the characteristic positions.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Results of NEXAFS spectroscopy of a 1 μm thick PET foil with a compact desk-top system using three approaches. Measured data points are indicated with circles, thick solid line depicts the fitting. Each contribution to the fitting is depicted by a thin solid line. The classical approach in which an arctangent step function was fitted separately from the Gaussian peaks (a global absorption edge) with a height of 50% - a) and 10% - b). A combined approach [31] in which for each peak a separate 10% step function was employed c). From the peaks composition of the PET sample was subsequently calculated.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Geometrical parameters of the SXR spectrometer grating (manufacturer’s specification).

Tables Icon

Table 2 Energy positions and assignments of features depicted in Fig. 7(a) and b), taken from [35], in the C-1s NEXAFS spectrum of PET foil, based on synchrotron data.

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Table 3 Elemental composition of the analyzed PET sample. Three methods were used for composition evaluation. The global error suggests the best methods are for 10% global arctan step function (method 2), however, lower error in hydrogen estimation was found for 10% step function for each Gaussian type peak fitting curve (method 3).

Equations (3)

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y ( x ) = 6.33 10 7 x 2 + 1.27 10 3 x + 0.43
A t t ( E ) = O D ( E ) d = 1 d ln [ S s a m ( E ) S r e f ( E ) ] ,
δ = 1 N i = 1 N ( C T i C M i ) 2 ,

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