Abstract

Terahertz chemical microscopy has been developed for measuring the pH of a solution using only a small volume. The microsolution wells were fabricated on the surface of the sensing plate using a conventional photolithograph technique. Because the pH value can be calculated from the amplitude of a terahertz wave directly radiated from a sensing plate by a femtosecond laser irradiation, this method does not require any reference electrode in the solution. Thus, pH measurement can be achieved with a volume as small as 16 nL.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (1)

K. Serita, E. Matsuda, K. Okada, H. Murakami, I. Kawayama, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz microfluidic chips sensitivity-enhanced with a few arrays of meta-atoms,” APL Photon. 3(5), 051603 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

A. Soltani, H. Neshasteh, A. Mataji-Kojouri, N. Born, E. Castro-Camus, M. Shahabadi, and M. Koch, “Highly sensitive terahertz dielectric sensor for small-volume liquid samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(19), 191105 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Kuwana, M. Ogawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Label-free detection of low-molecular-weight samples using a terahertz chemical microscope,” Apex 9(4), 042401 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

K. Akimune, Y. Okawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Multi-ion sensing of buffer solutions using terahertz chemical microscopy,” Apex 7(12), 122401 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, K. Sakai, and K. Tsukada, “Stabilization method for signal drifts in terahertz chemical microscopy,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1330–1335 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

J. H. Yang, T. F. Lu, J. C. Wang, C. M. Yang, D. G. Pijanowska, C. H. Chin, C. E. Lue, and C. S. Lai, “LAPS with nanoscaled and highly polarized HfO2 by CF4 plasma for NH4(+) detection,” Sens. Actuat. B 180, 71–76 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

T. Kiwa, Y. Kondo, Y. Minami, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2006 (2)

T. Wagner, T. Yoshinobu, C. W. Rao, R. Otto, and M. J. Schoning, ““All-in-one” solid-state device based on a light-addressable potentiometric sensor platform,” Sens. Actuat. B 117(2), 472–479 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. H. Wang, S. Erramilli, P. Mohanty, and A. Kalinowski, “Silicon-based nanoelectronic field-effect pH sensor with local gate control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(22), 223512 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Xu, X. Ye, L. Qin, Y. Xu, Y. Li, R. Li, and P. Wang, “Cell-based biosensors based on light-addressable potentiometric sensors for single cell monitoring,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(9), 1757–1763 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kiwa, K. Tsukada, M. Suzuki, M. Tonouchi, S. Migitaka, and K. Yokosawa, “Laser terahertz emission system to investigate hydrogen gas sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(26), 261102 (2005).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. Bausells, J. Carrabina, A. Errachid, and A. Merlos, “Ion-sensitive field-effect transistors fabricated in a commercial CMOS technology,” Sens. Actuat. B 57(1-3), 56–62 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. C. Owicki, L. J. Bousse, D. G. Hafeman, G. L. Kirk, J. D. Olson, H. G. Wada, and J. W. Parce, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor: principles and biological applications,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 23(1), 87–114 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

D. G. Hafeman, J. W. Parce, and H. M. McConnell, “Light-Addressable Potentiometric Sensor for Biochemical Systems,” Science 240(4856), 1182–1185 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akimune, K.

K. Akimune, Y. Okawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Multi-ion sensing of buffer solutions using terahertz chemical microscopy,” Apex 7(12), 122401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Alanjary, M.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bausells, J.

J. Bausells, J. Carrabina, A. Errachid, and A. Merlos, “Ion-sensitive field-effect transistors fabricated in a commercial CMOS technology,” Sens. Actuat. B 57(1-3), 56–62 (1999).
[Crossref]

Born, N.

A. Soltani, H. Neshasteh, A. Mataji-Kojouri, N. Born, E. Castro-Camus, M. Shahabadi, and M. Koch, “Highly sensitive terahertz dielectric sensor for small-volume liquid samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(19), 191105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bousse, L. J.

J. C. Owicki, L. J. Bousse, D. G. Hafeman, G. L. Kirk, J. D. Olson, H. G. Wada, and J. W. Parce, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor: principles and biological applications,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 23(1), 87–114 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Branciforte, J. T.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Branting, A.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bustillo, J.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carrabina, J.

J. Bausells, J. Carrabina, A. Errachid, and A. Merlos, “Ion-sensitive field-effect transistors fabricated in a commercial CMOS technology,” Sens. Actuat. B 57(1-3), 56–62 (1999).
[Crossref]

Castro-Camus, E.

A. Soltani, H. Neshasteh, A. Mataji-Kojouri, N. Born, E. Castro-Camus, M. Shahabadi, and M. Koch, “Highly sensitive terahertz dielectric sensor for small-volume liquid samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(19), 191105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cawley, S. E.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, X. H. Wang, S. Erramilli, P. Mohanty, and A. Kalinowski, “Silicon-based nanoelectronic field-effect pH sensor with local gate control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(22), 223512 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chin, C. H.

J. H. Yang, T. F. Lu, J. C. Wang, C. M. Yang, D. G. Pijanowska, C. H. Chin, C. E. Lue, and C. S. Lai, “LAPS with nanoscaled and highly polarized HfO2 by CF4 plasma for NH4(+) detection,” Sens. Actuat. B 180, 71–76 (2013).
[Crossref]

Clark, T. A.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davey, M.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davidson, J. F.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dimalanta, E.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dressman, D.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Edwards, M.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ermolenko, Y.

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Errachid, A.

J. Bausells, J. Carrabina, A. Errachid, and A. Merlos, “Ion-sensitive field-effect transistors fabricated in a commercial CMOS technology,” Sens. Actuat. B 57(1-3), 56–62 (1999).
[Crossref]

Erramilli, S.

Y. Chen, X. H. Wang, S. Erramilli, P. Mohanty, and A. Kalinowski, “Silicon-based nanoelectronic field-effect pH sensor with local gate control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(22), 223512 (2006).
[Crossref]

Feierstein, E.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fidanza, J. A.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Furuichi, K.

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

George, P. A.

Hafeman, D. G.

J. C. Owicki, L. J. Bousse, D. G. Hafeman, G. L. Kirk, J. D. Olson, H. G. Wada, and J. W. Parce, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor: principles and biological applications,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 23(1), 87–114 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Hafeman, J. W. Parce, and H. M. McConnell, “Light-Addressable Potentiometric Sensor for Biochemical Systems,” Science 240(4856), 1182–1185 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hagiwara, T.

Hawkins, B. G.

Hinz, W.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Homer, N.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoon, J.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huber, M.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hui, W.

Iwasaki, H.

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, K.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
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Kalinowski, A.

Y. Chen, X. H. Wang, S. Erramilli, P. Mohanty, and A. Kalinowski, “Silicon-based nanoelectronic field-effect pH sensor with local gate control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(22), 223512 (2006).
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Kasinskas, R.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
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Kawayama, I.

K. Serita, E. Matsuda, K. Okada, H. Murakami, I. Kawayama, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz microfluidic chips sensitivity-enhanced with a few arrays of meta-atoms,” APL Photon. 3(5), 051603 (2018).
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T. Kiwa, Y. Kondo, Y. Minami, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
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T. Kiwa, J. Kondo, S. Oka, I. Kawayama, H. Yamada, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Chemical sensing plate with a laser-terahertz monitoring system,” Appl. Opt. 47(18), 3324–3327 (2008).
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Kirby, B. J.

Kirk, G. L.

J. C. Owicki, L. J. Bousse, D. G. Hafeman, G. L. Kirk, J. D. Olson, H. G. Wada, and J. W. Parce, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor: principles and biological applications,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 23(1), 87–114 (1994).
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Kiwa, T.

T. Kuwana, M. Ogawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Label-free detection of low-molecular-weight samples using a terahertz chemical microscope,” Apex 9(4), 042401 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, K. Sakai, and K. Tsukada, “Stabilization method for signal drifts in terahertz chemical microscopy,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1330–1335 (2014).
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K. Akimune, Y. Okawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Multi-ion sensing of buffer solutions using terahertz chemical microscopy,” Apex 7(12), 122401 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, T. Hagiwara, M. Shinomiya, K. Sakai, and K. Tsukada, “Work function shifts of catalytic metals under hydrogen gas visualized by terahertz chemical microscopy,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11637–11642 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kiwa, Y. Kondo, Y. Minami, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, J. Kondo, S. Oka, I. Kawayama, H. Yamada, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Chemical sensing plate with a laser-terahertz monitoring system,” Appl. Opt. 47(18), 3324–3327 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kiwa, K. Tsukada, M. Suzuki, M. Tonouchi, S. Migitaka, and K. Yokosawa, “Laser terahertz emission system to investigate hydrogen gas sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(26), 261102 (2005).
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Koch, M.

A. Soltani, H. Neshasteh, A. Mataji-Kojouri, N. Born, E. Castro-Camus, M. Shahabadi, and M. Koch, “Highly sensitive terahertz dielectric sensor for small-volume liquid samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(19), 191105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kondo, J.

Kondo, Y.

T. Kiwa, Y. Kondo, Y. Minami, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kuwana, T.

T. Kuwana, M. Ogawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Label-free detection of low-molecular-weight samples using a terahertz chemical microscope,” Apex 9(4), 042401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lai, C. S.

J. H. Yang, T. F. Lu, J. C. Wang, C. M. Yang, D. G. Pijanowska, C. H. Chin, C. E. Lue, and C. S. Lai, “LAPS with nanoscaled and highly polarized HfO2 by CF4 plasma for NH4(+) detection,” Sens. Actuat. B 180, 71–76 (2013).
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Leamon, J. H.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
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Li, R.

G. Xu, X. Ye, L. Qin, Y. Xu, Y. Li, R. Li, and P. Wang, “Cell-based biosensors based on light-addressable potentiometric sensors for single cell monitoring,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(9), 1757–1763 (2005).
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Li, Y.

G. Xu, X. Ye, L. Qin, Y. Xu, Y. Li, R. Li, and P. Wang, “Cell-based biosensors based on light-addressable potentiometric sensors for single cell monitoring,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(9), 1757–1763 (2005).
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Light, D.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, T. F.

J. H. Yang, T. F. Lu, J. C. Wang, C. M. Yang, D. G. Pijanowska, C. H. Chin, C. E. Lue, and C. S. Lai, “LAPS with nanoscaled and highly polarized HfO2 by CF4 plasma for NH4(+) detection,” Sens. Actuat. B 180, 71–76 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lue, C. E.

J. H. Yang, T. F. Lu, J. C. Wang, C. M. Yang, D. G. Pijanowska, C. H. Chin, C. E. Lue, and C. S. Lai, “LAPS with nanoscaled and highly polarized HfO2 by CF4 plasma for NH4(+) detection,” Sens. Actuat. B 180, 71–76 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lyons, M.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marran, D.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mataji-Kojouri, A.

A. Soltani, H. Neshasteh, A. Mataji-Kojouri, N. Born, E. Castro-Camus, M. Shahabadi, and M. Koch, “Highly sensitive terahertz dielectric sensor for small-volume liquid samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(19), 191105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Matsuda, E.

K. Serita, E. Matsuda, K. Okada, H. Murakami, I. Kawayama, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz microfluidic chips sensitivity-enhanced with a few arrays of meta-atoms,” APL Photon. 3(5), 051603 (2018).
[Crossref]

McConnell, H. M.

D. G. Hafeman, J. W. Parce, and H. M. McConnell, “Light-Addressable Potentiometric Sensor for Biochemical Systems,” Science 240(4856), 1182–1185 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McKernan, K. J.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
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Merlos, A.

J. Bausells, J. Carrabina, A. Errachid, and A. Merlos, “Ion-sensitive field-effect transistors fabricated in a commercial CMOS technology,” Sens. Actuat. B 57(1-3), 56–62 (1999).
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Miao, X.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Migitaka, S.

T. Kiwa, K. Tsukada, M. Suzuki, M. Tonouchi, S. Migitaka, and K. Yokosawa, “Laser terahertz emission system to investigate hydrogen gas sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(26), 261102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mileski, W.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Milgrew, M. J.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minami, Y.

T. Kiwa, Y. Kondo, Y. Minami, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mohanty, P.

Y. Chen, X. H. Wang, S. Erramilli, P. Mohanty, and A. Kalinowski, “Silicon-based nanoelectronic field-effect pH sensor with local gate control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(22), 223512 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mourzina, Y.

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murakami, H.

K. Serita, E. Matsuda, K. Okada, H. Murakami, I. Kawayama, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz microfluidic chips sensitivity-enhanced with a few arrays of meta-atoms,” APL Photon. 3(5), 051603 (2018).
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Myers, J. W.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Namsaraev, E.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Näther, N.

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neshasteh, H.

A. Soltani, H. Neshasteh, A. Mataji-Kojouri, N. Born, E. Castro-Camus, M. Shahabadi, and M. Koch, “Highly sensitive terahertz dielectric sensor for small-volume liquid samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(19), 191105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nobile, J. R.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ogawa, M.

T. Kuwana, M. Ogawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Label-free detection of low-molecular-weight samples using a terahertz chemical microscope,” Apex 9(4), 042401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Oka, S.

Okada, K.

K. Serita, E. Matsuda, K. Okada, H. Murakami, I. Kawayama, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz microfluidic chips sensitivity-enhanced with a few arrays of meta-atoms,” APL Photon. 3(5), 051603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Okawa, Y.

K. Akimune, Y. Okawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Multi-ion sensing of buffer solutions using terahertz chemical microscopy,” Apex 7(12), 122401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Olson, J. D.

J. C. Owicki, L. J. Bousse, D. G. Hafeman, G. L. Kirk, J. D. Olson, H. G. Wada, and J. W. Parce, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor: principles and biological applications,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 23(1), 87–114 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Otto, R.

T. Wagner, T. Yoshinobu, C. W. Rao, R. Otto, and M. J. Schoning, ““All-in-one” solid-state device based on a light-addressable potentiometric sensor platform,” Sens. Actuat. B 117(2), 472–479 (2006).
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Owicki, J. C.

J. C. Owicki, L. J. Bousse, D. G. Hafeman, G. L. Kirk, J. D. Olson, H. G. Wada, and J. W. Parce, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor: principles and biological applications,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 23(1), 87–114 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parce, J. W.

J. C. Owicki, L. J. Bousse, D. G. Hafeman, G. L. Kirk, J. D. Olson, H. G. Wada, and J. W. Parce, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor: principles and biological applications,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 23(1), 87–114 (1994).
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D. G. Hafeman, J. W. Parce, and H. M. McConnell, “Light-Addressable Potentiometric Sensor for Biochemical Systems,” Science 240(4856), 1182–1185 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pijanowska, D. G.

J. H. Yang, T. F. Lu, J. C. Wang, C. M. Yang, D. G. Pijanowska, C. H. Chin, C. E. Lue, and C. S. Lai, “LAPS with nanoscaled and highly polarized HfO2 by CF4 plasma for NH4(+) detection,” Sens. Actuat. B 180, 71–76 (2013).
[Crossref]

Puc, B. P.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qin, L.

G. Xu, X. Ye, L. Qin, Y. Xu, Y. Li, R. Li, and P. Wang, “Cell-based biosensors based on light-addressable potentiometric sensors for single cell monitoring,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(9), 1757–1763 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rana, F.

Rao, C. W.

T. Wagner, T. Yoshinobu, C. W. Rao, R. Otto, and M. J. Schoning, ““All-in-one” solid-state device based on a light-addressable potentiometric sensor platform,” Sens. Actuat. B 117(2), 472–479 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rearick, T. M.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reed, B.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roth, G. T.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rothberg, J. M.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sabina, J.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakai, K.

T. Kuwana, M. Ogawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Label-free detection of low-molecular-weight samples using a terahertz chemical microscope,” Apex 9(4), 042401 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, K. Sakai, and K. Tsukada, “Stabilization method for signal drifts in terahertz chemical microscopy,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1330–1335 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Akimune, Y. Okawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Multi-ion sensing of buffer solutions using terahertz chemical microscopy,” Apex 7(12), 122401 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, T. Hagiwara, M. Shinomiya, K. Sakai, and K. Tsukada, “Work function shifts of catalytic metals under hydrogen gas visualized by terahertz chemical microscopy,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11637–11642 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schoning, M. J.

T. Wagner, T. Yoshinobu, C. W. Rao, R. Otto, and M. J. Schoning, ““All-in-one” solid-state device based on a light-addressable potentiometric sensor platform,” Sens. Actuat. B 117(2), 472–479 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schöning, M. J.

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schorn, M.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultz, J.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sedova, M.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Serita, K.

K. Serita, E. Matsuda, K. Okada, H. Murakami, I. Kawayama, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz microfluidic chips sensitivity-enhanced with a few arrays of meta-atoms,” APL Photon. 3(5), 051603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shahabadi, M.

A. Soltani, H. Neshasteh, A. Mataji-Kojouri, N. Born, E. Castro-Camus, M. Shahabadi, and M. Koch, “Highly sensitive terahertz dielectric sensor for small-volume liquid samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(19), 191105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shinomiya, M.

Simons, J. F.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, A. E.

Sokolsky, T.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soltani, A.

A. Soltani, H. Neshasteh, A. Mataji-Kojouri, N. Born, E. Castro-Camus, M. Shahabadi, and M. Koch, “Highly sensitive terahertz dielectric sensor for small-volume liquid samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(19), 191105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Stoner, I. B.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suzuki, M.

T. Kiwa, K. Tsukada, M. Suzuki, M. Tonouchi, S. Migitaka, and K. Yokosawa, “Laser terahertz emission system to investigate hydrogen gas sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(26), 261102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tonouchi, M.

K. Serita, E. Matsuda, K. Okada, H. Murakami, I. Kawayama, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz microfluidic chips sensitivity-enhanced with a few arrays of meta-atoms,” APL Photon. 3(5), 051603 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, Y. Kondo, Y. Minami, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, J. Kondo, S. Oka, I. Kawayama, H. Yamada, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Chemical sensing plate with a laser-terahertz monitoring system,” Appl. Opt. 47(18), 3324–3327 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kiwa, K. Tsukada, M. Suzuki, M. Tonouchi, S. Migitaka, and K. Yokosawa, “Laser terahertz emission system to investigate hydrogen gas sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(26), 261102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tsukada, K.

T. Kuwana, M. Ogawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Label-free detection of low-molecular-weight samples using a terahertz chemical microscope,” Apex 9(4), 042401 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, K. Sakai, and K. Tsukada, “Stabilization method for signal drifts in terahertz chemical microscopy,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1330–1335 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Akimune, Y. Okawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Multi-ion sensing of buffer solutions using terahertz chemical microscopy,” Apex 7(12), 122401 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, T. Hagiwara, M. Shinomiya, K. Sakai, and K. Tsukada, “Work function shifts of catalytic metals under hydrogen gas visualized by terahertz chemical microscopy,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11637–11642 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kiwa, Y. Kondo, Y. Minami, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, J. Kondo, S. Oka, I. Kawayama, H. Yamada, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Chemical sensing plate with a laser-terahertz monitoring system,” Appl. Opt. 47(18), 3324–3327 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kiwa, K. Tsukada, M. Suzuki, M. Tonouchi, S. Migitaka, and K. Yokosawa, “Laser terahertz emission system to investigate hydrogen gas sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(26), 261102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ui, Y.

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wada, H. G.

J. C. Owicki, L. J. Bousse, D. G. Hafeman, G. L. Kirk, J. D. Olson, H. G. Wada, and J. W. Parce, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor: principles and biological applications,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 23(1), 87–114 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wagner, T.

T. Wagner, T. Yoshinobu, C. W. Rao, R. Otto, and M. J. Schoning, ““All-in-one” solid-state device based on a light-addressable potentiometric sensor platform,” Sens. Actuat. B 117(2), 472–479 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J. C.

J. H. Yang, T. F. Lu, J. C. Wang, C. M. Yang, D. G. Pijanowska, C. H. Chin, C. E. Lue, and C. S. Lai, “LAPS with nanoscaled and highly polarized HfO2 by CF4 plasma for NH4(+) detection,” Sens. Actuat. B 180, 71–76 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

G. Xu, X. Ye, L. Qin, Y. Xu, Y. Li, R. Li, and P. Wang, “Cell-based biosensors based on light-addressable potentiometric sensors for single cell monitoring,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(9), 1757–1763 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X. H.

Y. Chen, X. H. Wang, S. Erramilli, P. Mohanty, and A. Kalinowski, “Silicon-based nanoelectronic field-effect pH sensor with local gate control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(22), 223512 (2006).
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Williams, A.

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, G.

G. Xu, X. Ye, L. Qin, Y. Xu, Y. Li, R. Li, and P. Wang, “Cell-based biosensors based on light-addressable potentiometric sensors for single cell monitoring,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(9), 1757–1763 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.

G. Xu, X. Ye, L. Qin, Y. Xu, Y. Li, R. Li, and P. Wang, “Cell-based biosensors based on light-addressable potentiometric sensors for single cell monitoring,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(9), 1757–1763 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamada, H.

Yang, C. M.

J. H. Yang, T. F. Lu, J. C. Wang, C. M. Yang, D. G. Pijanowska, C. H. Chin, C. E. Lue, and C. S. Lai, “LAPS with nanoscaled and highly polarized HfO2 by CF4 plasma for NH4(+) detection,” Sens. Actuat. B 180, 71–76 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. H.

J. H. Yang, T. F. Lu, J. C. Wang, C. M. Yang, D. G. Pijanowska, C. H. Chin, C. E. Lue, and C. S. Lai, “LAPS with nanoscaled and highly polarized HfO2 by CF4 plasma for NH4(+) detection,” Sens. Actuat. B 180, 71–76 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ye, X.

G. Xu, X. Ye, L. Qin, Y. Xu, Y. Li, R. Li, and P. Wang, “Cell-based biosensors based on light-addressable potentiometric sensors for single cell monitoring,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(9), 1757–1763 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yokosawa, K.

T. Kiwa, K. Tsukada, M. Suzuki, M. Tonouchi, S. Migitaka, and K. Yokosawa, “Laser terahertz emission system to investigate hydrogen gas sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(26), 261102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yoshinobu, T.

T. Wagner, T. Yoshinobu, C. W. Rao, R. Otto, and M. J. Schoning, ““All-in-one” solid-state device based on a light-addressable potentiometric sensor platform,” Sens. Actuat. B 117(2), 472–479 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. (1)

J. C. Owicki, L. J. Bousse, D. G. Hafeman, G. L. Kirk, J. D. Olson, H. G. Wada, and J. W. Parce, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor: principles and biological applications,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 23(1), 87–114 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Apex (2)

K. Akimune, Y. Okawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Multi-ion sensing of buffer solutions using terahertz chemical microscopy,” Apex 7(12), 122401 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kuwana, M. Ogawa, K. Sakai, T. Kiwa, and K. Tsukada, “Label-free detection of low-molecular-weight samples using a terahertz chemical microscope,” Apex 9(4), 042401 (2016).
[Crossref]

APL Photon. (1)

K. Serita, E. Matsuda, K. Okada, H. Murakami, I. Kawayama, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz microfluidic chips sensitivity-enhanced with a few arrays of meta-atoms,” APL Photon. 3(5), 051603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

T. Kiwa, K. Tsukada, M. Suzuki, M. Tonouchi, S. Migitaka, and K. Yokosawa, “Laser terahertz emission system to investigate hydrogen gas sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(26), 261102 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Soltani, H. Neshasteh, A. Mataji-Kojouri, N. Born, E. Castro-Camus, M. Shahabadi, and M. Koch, “Highly sensitive terahertz dielectric sensor for small-volume liquid samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(19), 191105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. H. Wang, S. Erramilli, P. Mohanty, and A. Kalinowski, “Silicon-based nanoelectronic field-effect pH sensor with local gate control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(22), 223512 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Kiwa, Y. Kondo, Y. Minami, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, and K. Tsukada, “Terahertz chemical microscope for label-free detection of protein complex,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

G. Xu, X. Ye, L. Qin, Y. Xu, Y. Li, R. Li, and P. Wang, “Cell-based biosensors based on light-addressable potentiometric sensors for single cell monitoring,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(9), 1757–1763 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Methods (1)

T. Yoshinobu, H. Iwasaki, Y. Ui, K. Furuichi, Y. Ermolenko, Y. Mourzina, T. Wagner, N. Näther, and M. J. Schöning, “The light-addressable potentiometric sensor for multi-ion sensing and imaging,” Methods 37(1), 94–102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

J. M. Rothberg, W. Hinz, T. M. Rearick, J. Schultz, W. Mileski, M. Davey, J. H. Leamon, K. Johnson, M. J. Milgrew, M. Edwards, J. Hoon, J. F. Simons, D. Marran, J. W. Myers, J. F. Davidson, A. Branting, J. R. Nobile, B. P. Puc, D. Light, T. A. Clark, M. Huber, J. T. Branciforte, I. B. Stoner, S. E. Cawley, M. Lyons, Y. Fu, N. Homer, M. Sedova, X. Miao, B. Reed, J. Sabina, E. Feierstein, M. Schorn, M. Alanjary, E. Dimalanta, D. Dressman, R. Kasinskas, T. Sokolsky, J. A. Fidanza, E. Namsaraev, K. J. McKernan, A. Williams, G. T. Roth, and J. Bustillo, “An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing,” Nature 475(7356), 348–352 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Science (1)

D. G. Hafeman, J. W. Parce, and H. M. McConnell, “Light-Addressable Potentiometric Sensor for Biochemical Systems,” Science 240(4856), 1182–1185 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuat. B (3)

T. Wagner, T. Yoshinobu, C. W. Rao, R. Otto, and M. J. Schoning, ““All-in-one” solid-state device based on a light-addressable potentiometric sensor platform,” Sens. Actuat. B 117(2), 472–479 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. H. Yang, T. F. Lu, J. C. Wang, C. M. Yang, D. G. Pijanowska, C. H. Chin, C. E. Lue, and C. S. Lai, “LAPS with nanoscaled and highly polarized HfO2 by CF4 plasma for NH4(+) detection,” Sens. Actuat. B 180, 71–76 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Bausells, J. Carrabina, A. Errachid, and A. Merlos, “Ion-sensitive field-effect transistors fabricated in a commercial CMOS technology,” Sens. Actuat. B 57(1-3), 56–62 (1999).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

W. E. Morf, The principles of ion-selective electrodes and membrane transport (Elsevier Scientific Publishing, 1981).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the sensing plate when it is illuminated by the femtosecond laser. Inset is the microphotograph of the microsolution wells.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic of the simulated model of the sensing plate. The water droplet with a diameter of 250 μm was placed at the center of the sensing plate. The model was the same as the actual sensing plate in terms of its dimensions and components. (b), (c), and (d) are the simulated distributions of the electric field in the Si films of the sensing plates, where the surface charges of the water droplets were set to be 1, 10, and 100 C, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The typical time domain THz waveforms radiated from the sensing plate when the water solution was on the surface of the sensing plate and (b) their frequency spectra.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 THz peak amplitudes of the THz waveforms in Fig. 3(a) as a function of pH values of the buffer solutions.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The map of the change in the amplitude of the THz wave radiated from the sensing plate before and after injecting the buffer solutions into the microsolution wells. (a) and (b) represent the maps for the buffer solutions with the pH values of 6.86 and 10.01, respectively, wherein the dashed circles indicate the position of the microsolution wells. (c) represents the map superimposed with the microphotograph of the microsolution wells.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Average THz amplitudes of the microsolution wells as a function of pH values of the buffer solutions. Error bars indicate spatial deviations.

Equations (3)

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SiOH 2 + SiOH + H + and SiOH SiO + H + .
E(t) J(t) t ,
E(t)e n(t) t v(t)+en(t) v(t) t .

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