Abstract

We demonstrate a stable, picosecond fiber laser mode-locked by cesium lead halide perovskite quantum dots (CsPbBr3-QDs). The saturable absorber is produced by depositing the CsPbBr3-QDs nanocrystals onto the endface of a fiber ferrule through light pressure. A balanced two-detector measurement shows that it has a modulation depth of 2.5% and a saturation power of 17.29 MW/cm2. After incorporating the fabricated device into an Er3+-doped fiber ring cavity with a net normal dispersion of 0.238 ps2, we obtain stable dissipative soliton with a pulse duration of 14.4 ps and a center wavelength at 1600 nm together with an edge-to-dege bandwidth of 4.5 nm. The linear chirped phase can be compensated by 25 m single mode fiber, resulting into a compressed pulse duration of 1.046 ps. This experimental works proves that such CsPbBr3-QDs materials are effective choice for ultrafast laser operating with devious mode-locking states.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (2)

H. Chung, S. I. Jung, H. J. Kim, W. Cha, E. Sim, D. Kim, W. K. Koh, and J. Kim, “Composition-dependent hot carrier relaxation dynamics in cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X=Br and I) perovskite nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56(15), 4160–4164 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, T. Jiang, X. Zheng, C. Shen, and X. Cheng, “Thickness-dependent nonlinear optical properties of CsPbBr3 perovskite nanosheets,” Opt. Lett. 42(17), 3371–3374 (2017).

2016 (4)

N. S. Makarov, S. Guo, O. Isaienko, W. Liu, I. Robel, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectral and dynamical properties of single excitons, biexcitons, and trions in cesium−lead-halide perovskite quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 16(4), 2349–2362 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Z. Hu, Y. Li, J. Xu, X. Tang, and Y. Tang, “CsPbBr3 nanocrystal saturable absorber for mode-locking ytterbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 261108 (2016).

L. Huang and W. R. L. Lambrecht, “Electronic band structure trends of perovskite halides: Beyond Pb and Sn to Ge and Si,” Phys. Rev. B 93(19), 195211 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

Y. Tang, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Generation of 8 nJ pulses from a normal-dispersion thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2361–2364 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, B. G. Bale, and M. P. Fedoruk, “Dispersion-managed solitons in fibre systems and lasers,” Phys. Rep. 521(4), 135–203 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

2009 (5)

2007 (1)

1995 (1)

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

E. V. Vanin, A. I. Korytin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and L. Vázquez, “Dissipative optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. A 49(4), 2806–2811 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abramski, K. M.

Akhmediev, N.

Anderson, D.

E. V. Vanin, A. I. Korytin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and L. Vázquez, “Dissipative optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. A 49(4), 2806–2811 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ankiewicz, A.

Bale, B. G.

S. K. Turitsyn, B. G. Bale, and M. P. Fedoruk, “Dispersion-managed solitons in fibre systems and lasers,” Phys. Rep. 521(4), 135–203 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

Bao, Q. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blau, W. J.

J. Wang, Y. Chen, and W. J. Blau, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bodnarchuk, M. I.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

F. Bonaccorso and Z. Sun, “Solution processing of graphene, topological insulators and other 2d crystals for ultrafast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 63–78 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Gaphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

Caputo, R.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cha, W.

H. Chung, S. I. Jung, H. J. Kim, W. Cha, E. Sim, D. Kim, W. K. Koh, and J. Kim, “Composition-dependent hot carrier relaxation dynamics in cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X=Br and I) perovskite nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56(15), 4160–4164 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, W.

Chen, S.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

Chen, Y.

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Y. Chen, and W. J. Blau, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X.

Chi, X.

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chong, A.

Chung, H.

H. Chung, S. I. Jung, H. J. Kim, W. Cha, E. Sim, D. Kim, W. K. Koh, and J. Kim, “Composition-dependent hot carrier relaxation dynamics in cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X=Br and I) perovskite nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56(15), 4160–4164 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

Fan, D.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

Fedoruk, M. P.

S. K. Turitsyn, B. G. Bale, and M. P. Fedoruk, “Dispersion-managed solitons in fibre systems and lasers,” Phys. Rep. 521(4), 135–203 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

Gao, L.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, W. Huang, J. D. Zhang, T. Zhu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, W. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “Q-switched mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator Bi2Se3 deposited fiber taper,” Appl. Opt. 53(23), 5117–5122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goh, C. S.

Grelu, P.

Grodecki, K.

Guo, S.

N. S. Makarov, S. Guo, O. Isaienko, W. Liu, I. Robel, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectral and dynamical properties of single excitons, biexcitons, and trions in cesium−lead-halide perovskite quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 16(4), 2349–2362 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Z.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

Hasan, T.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Gaphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hendon, C. H.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Z.

Y. Zhou, Z. Hu, Y. Li, J. Xu, X. Tang, and Y. Tang, “CsPbBr3 nanocrystal saturable absorber for mode-locking ytterbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 261108 (2016).

Huang, G.

Huang, L.

L. Huang and W. R. L. Lambrecht, “Electronic band structure trends of perovskite halides: Beyond Pb and Sn to Ge and Si,” Phys. Rev. B 93(19), 195211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, W.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, W. Huang, J. D. Zhang, T. Zhu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, W. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “Q-switched mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator Bi2Se3 deposited fiber taper,” Appl. Opt. 53(23), 5117–5122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ilday, F. Ö.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

Isaienko, O.

N. S. Makarov, S. Guo, O. Isaienko, W. Liu, I. Robel, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectral and dynamical properties of single excitons, biexcitons, and trions in cesium−lead-halide perovskite quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 16(4), 2349–2362 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jhon, Y. M.

Ji, W.

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, G.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

Jiang, T.

Jung, S. I.

H. Chung, S. I. Jung, H. J. Kim, W. Cha, E. Sim, D. Kim, W. K. Koh, and J. Kim, “Composition-dependent hot carrier relaxation dynamics in cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X=Br and I) perovskite nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56(15), 4160–4164 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Kieu, K.

Kim, D.

H. Chung, S. I. Jung, H. J. Kim, W. Cha, E. Sim, D. Kim, W. K. Koh, and J. Kim, “Composition-dependent hot carrier relaxation dynamics in cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X=Br and I) perovskite nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56(15), 4160–4164 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. J.

H. Chung, S. I. Jung, H. J. Kim, W. Cha, E. Sim, D. Kim, W. K. Koh, and J. Kim, “Composition-dependent hot carrier relaxation dynamics in cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X=Br and I) perovskite nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56(15), 4160–4164 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

H. Chung, S. I. Jung, H. J. Kim, W. Cha, E. Sim, D. Kim, W. K. Koh, and J. Kim, “Composition-dependent hot carrier relaxation dynamics in cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X=Br and I) perovskite nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56(15), 4160–4164 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klimov, V. I.

N. S. Makarov, S. Guo, O. Isaienko, W. Liu, I. Robel, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectral and dynamical properties of single excitons, biexcitons, and trions in cesium−lead-halide perovskite quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 16(4), 2349–2362 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koh, W. K.

H. Chung, S. I. Jung, H. J. Kim, W. Cha, E. Sim, D. Kim, W. K. Koh, and J. Kim, “Composition-dependent hot carrier relaxation dynamics in cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X=Br and I) perovskite nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56(15), 4160–4164 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koo, J.

Korytin, A. I.

E. V. Vanin, A. I. Korytin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and L. Vázquez, “Dissipative optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. A 49(4), 2806–2811 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kovalenko, M. V.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krieg, F.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lambrecht, W. R. L.

L. Huang and W. R. L. Lambrecht, “Electronic band structure trends of perovskite halides: Beyond Pb and Sn to Ge and Si,” Phys. Rev. B 93(19), 195211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

Lee, J. H.

Li, X.

Li, Y.

Y. Zhou, Z. Hu, Y. Li, J. Xu, X. Tang, and Y. Tang, “CsPbBr3 nanocrystal saturable absorber for mode-locking ytterbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 261108 (2016).

Lisak, M.

E. V. Vanin, A. I. Korytin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and L. Vázquez, “Dissipative optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. A 49(4), 2806–2811 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

Liu, M.

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

N. S. Makarov, S. Guo, O. Isaienko, W. Liu, I. Robel, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectral and dynamical properties of single excitons, biexcitons, and trions in cesium−lead-halide perovskite quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 16(4), 2349–2362 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Loh, K. P.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Z. C.

Macherzynski, W.

Makarov, N. S.

N. S. Makarov, S. Guo, O. Isaienko, W. Liu, I. Robel, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectral and dynamical properties of single excitons, biexcitons, and trions in cesium−lead-halide perovskite quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 16(4), 2349–2362 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ni, Z. H.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Oktem, B.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Paletko, P.

Popov, S. V.

Protesescu, L.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qi, X.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Renninger, W. H.

Robel, I.

N. S. Makarov, S. Guo, O. Isaienko, W. Liu, I. Robel, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectral and dynamical properties of single excitons, biexcitons, and trions in cesium−lead-halide perovskite quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 16(4), 2349–2362 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sergeev, A. M.

E. V. Vanin, A. I. Korytin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and L. Vázquez, “Dissipative optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. A 49(4), 2806–2811 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Set, S. Y.

Shen, C.

Shen, Z. X.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sim, E.

H. Chung, S. I. Jung, H. J. Kim, W. Cha, E. Sim, D. Kim, W. K. Koh, and J. Kim, “Composition-dependent hot carrier relaxation dynamics in cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X=Br and I) perovskite nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56(15), 4160–4164 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sobon, G.

Song, Y. W.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Sotor, J.

Sui, N.

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Z.

Tam, H. Y.

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, X. Wu, and H. Y. Tam, “Dissipative vector solitons in a dispersionmanaged cavity fiber laser with net positive cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(2), 455–460 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, X.

Y. Zhou, Z. Hu, Y. Li, J. Xu, X. Tang, and Y. Tang, “CsPbBr3 nanocrystal saturable absorber for mode-locking ytterbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 261108 (2016).

Tang, Y.

Taylor, J. R.

Travers, J. C.

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, B. G. Bale, and M. P. Fedoruk, “Dispersion-managed solitons in fibre systems and lasers,” Phys. Rep. 521(4), 135–203 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ülgüdür, C.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vanin, E. V.

E. V. Vanin, A. I. Korytin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and L. Vázquez, “Dissipative optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. A 49(4), 2806–2811 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vázquez, L.

E. V. Vanin, A. I. Korytin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and L. Vázquez, “Dissipative optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. A 49(4), 2806–2811 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walsh, A.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Y. Chen, and W. J. Blau, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. J.

Wang, Y.

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

Weng, J.

Wise, F. W.

Wu, X.

Xu, H.

Xu, J.

Y. Zhou, Z. Hu, Y. Li, J. Xu, X. Tang, and Y. Tang, “CsPbBr3 nanocrystal saturable absorber for mode-locking ytterbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 261108 (2016).

Xu, W. C.

Yakunin, S.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamashita, S.

Yan, Y. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

Yang, R. X.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, C.

Yu, X.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

L. Gao, W. Huang, J. D. Zhang, T. Zhu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, W. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “Q-switched mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator Bi2Se3 deposited fiber taper,” Appl. Opt. 53(23), 5117–5122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Gao, W. Huang, J. D. Zhang, T. Zhu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, W. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “Q-switched mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator Bi2Se3 deposited fiber taper,” Appl. Opt. 53(23), 5117–5122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, X. Wu, and H. Y. Tam, “Dissipative vector solitons in a dispersionmanaged cavity fiber laser with net positive cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(2), 455–460 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, J. D.

Zhang, W.

Zhao, C.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 012823 (2015).

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, L. M.

Zheng, X.

Zheng, X. W.

Zhou, M.

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, Z. Hu, Y. Li, J. Xu, X. Tang, and Y. Tang, “CsPbBr3 nanocrystal saturable absorber for mode-locking ytterbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 261108 (2016).

Zhu, T.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, W. Huang, J. D. Zhang, T. Zhu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, W. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “Q-switched mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator Bi2Se3 deposited fiber taper,” Appl. Opt. 53(23), 5117–5122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zou, L.

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

H. Chung, S. I. Jung, H. J. Kim, W. Cha, E. Sim, D. Kim, W. K. Koh, and J. Kim, “Composition-dependent hot carrier relaxation dynamics in cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X=Br and I) perovskite nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56(15), 4160–4164 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. Zhou, Z. Hu, Y. Li, J. Xu, X. Tang, and Y. Tang, “CsPbBr3 nanocrystal saturable absorber for mode-locking ytterbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 261108 (2016).

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

J. Wang, Y. Chen, and W. J. Blau, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (2)

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): novel optoelectronic materials showing bright emission with wide color gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. S. Makarov, S. Guo, O. Isaienko, W. Liu, I. Robel, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectral and dynamical properties of single excitons, biexcitons, and trions in cesium−lead-halide perovskite quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 16(4), 2349–2362 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Gaphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Y. Tang, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Generation of 8 nJ pulses from a normal-dispersion thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2361–2364 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, T. Jiang, X. Zheng, C. Shen, and X. Cheng, “Thickness-dependent nonlinear optical properties of CsPbBr3 perovskite nanosheets,” Opt. Lett. 42(17), 3371–3374 (2017).

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, “Carbon nanotube mode lockers with enhanced nonlinearity via evanescent field interaction in D-shaped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(2), 148–150 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kieu, W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Sub-100 fs pulses at watt-level powers from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 593–595 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, E. P. Ippen, Z. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation and direct measurement of giant chirp in a passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3526–3528 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Rep. (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, B. G. Bale, and M. P. Fedoruk, “Dispersion-managed solitons in fibre systems and lasers,” Phys. Rep. 521(4), 135–203 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

E. V. Vanin, A. I. Korytin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and L. Vázquez, “Dissipative optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. A 49(4), 2806–2811 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

L. Huang and W. R. L. Lambrecht, “Electronic band structure trends of perovskite halides: Beyond Pb and Sn to Ge and Si,” Phys. Rev. B 93(19), 195211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

Q. Liu, Y. Wang, N. Sui, Y. Wang, X. Chi, Q. Wang, Y. Chen, W. Ji, L. Zou, and H. Zhang, “Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in Photo-Excited CsPbI3 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Photoluminescence (PL) intensity of the fabricated samples. The inset is the picture of the CsPbBr3-QDs solution. (b) XRD spectrum of the CsPbBr3-QDs. (c) and (d) are the TEM images of the CsPbBr3-QDs with different optical resolutions.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic diagram of the fiber ring laser. The inset is the assembly of the saturable absorber based on CsPbBr3-QDs. (b) The experimental data of normalized nonlinear absorption of the fabricated saturable absorber, which is fitted with Eq. (1).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Operating states for various pump powers.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optical spectra and temporal train for various pump powers. (a) Optical spectrum, and (b) the corresponding temporal pulse train, where a fundamental period of 117.3 ns is shown.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Characteristics of DS for pump power at 110 mW. (a) Autocorrelation trace of the DS, which is fitted by Gauss function. A fitting pulse duration of 20.3 ps is obtained. (b) RF spectra at the fundamental frequency of 8.528 MHz, which is measured with a resolution bandwidth of 1 kHz. The inset is the RF spectra in 1 GHz.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Autocorrelation trace of DS after propagating 25 m SMF, where a pulse duration of about 1.05 ps after fitted by a Gaussian function.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The output performance measurement of the DS for pump power at 110 mW within 8 hours. The error bar is calculated from 10 measurements for each point.

Equations (1)

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f( I peak )=Δαexp(- I peak / I sat )+ I nonsat

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