Abstract

We present a broadband (>70nm), dual stage, discrete Raman amplifier designed with small and standard core fibres to maximize gain and minimize nonlinearity. The amplifier provides ~19.5dB net gain, 22.5dBm saturation output power and a noise figure of <7.2dB. 120Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission over 38x80km at a pre-FEC BER <3.8x10−3 is demonstrated.

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References

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  1. M. N. Islam, “Raman amplifiers for telecommunications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 548–559 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  2. N. Gryspolakis, L. R. Chen, and T. Zambelis, “Performance of two-stage discrete fiber Raman amplifiers with and without all-optical gain clamping,” Appl. Opt. 44(1), 83–90 (2005).
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  3. D. Hamoir, J. Boniort, L. Gasca, and D. Bayart, “Optimized, two-stage architecture for Raman amplifiers,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OMD8.
  4. S. Namiki and Y. Emori, “Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 3–16 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Emori and S. Namiki, “100nm bandwidth flat gain Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by 12-wavelength-channel WDM high power laser diodes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper PD19.
  6. L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, B. Zhu, M. F. Yan, P. W. Wisk, and P. D. Magill, “All-Raman-Amplified, 73 nm Seamless Band Transmission of 9 Tb/s Over 6000 km of Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 242–245 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. A. Iqbal, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Skvortcov, A. El-Taher, I. D. Philips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Performance characterization of high gain, high output power and low noise cascaded broadband discrete Raman amplifiers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2017), pp. 1–4.
    [Crossref]
  8. S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, “Characterization of double Rayleigh scatter noise in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(5), 528–530 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S. T. Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2014), pp. 1–3.
    [Crossref]
  10. I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the Nonlinear-Shannon Limit using Raman Laser Based Amplification and Optical Phase Conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.
    [Crossref]
  11. L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. Larsen, and H. Damsgaard, “Dispersion Compensating Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 164–180 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  12. G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. J. Winzer, “High-Spectral-Efficiency Optical Modulation Formats,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(24), 3824–3835 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).
  15. S. Koenig, R. Bonk, H. Schmuck, W. Poehlmann, T. Pfeiffer, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Amplification of advanced modulation formats with a semiconductor optical amplifier cascade,” Opt. Express 22(15), 17854–17871 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, B. Zhu, M. F. Yan, P. W. Wisk, and P. D. Magill, “All-Raman-Amplified, 73 nm Seamless Band Transmission of 9 Tb/s Over 6000 km of Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 242–245 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Koenig, R. Bonk, H. Schmuck, W. Poehlmann, T. Pfeiffer, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Amplification of advanced modulation formats with a semiconductor optical amplifier cascade,” Opt. Express 22(15), 17854–17871 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

M. N. Islam, “Raman amplifiers for telecommunications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 548–559 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. Namiki and Y. Emori, “Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 3–16 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, “Characterization of double Rayleigh scatter noise in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(5), 528–530 (2000).
[Crossref]

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. Larsen, and H. Damsgaard, “Dispersion Compensating Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 164–180 (2000).
[Crossref]

Achouche, M.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

M. A. Iqbal, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Skvortcov, A. El-Taher, I. D. Philips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Performance characterization of high gain, high output power and low noise cascaded broadband discrete Raman amplifiers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Blache, F.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Bonk, R.

Boutin, A.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Brenot, R.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Calabro, S.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Charlet, G.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Chen, L. R.

Chernikov, S. V.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, “Characterization of double Rayleigh scatter noise in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(5), 528–530 (2000).
[Crossref]

Damsgaard, H.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. Larsen, and H. Damsgaard, “Dispersion Compensating Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 164–180 (2000).
[Crossref]

De Man, E.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

De Waardt, H.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Debregeas, H.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Duval, B.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Edvold, B.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. Larsen, and H. Damsgaard, “Dispersion Compensating Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 164–180 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. D.

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S. T. Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

El-Taher, A.

M. A. Iqbal, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Skvortcov, A. El-Taher, I. D. Philips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Performance characterization of high gain, high output power and low noise cascaded broadband discrete Raman amplifiers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Emori, Y.

S. Namiki and Y. Emori, “Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 3–16 (2001).
[Crossref]

Feiste, U.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Forysiak, W.

M. A. Iqbal, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Skvortcov, A. El-Taher, I. D. Philips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Performance characterization of high gain, high output power and low noise cascaded broadband discrete Raman amplifiers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

Frignac, Y.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Ghazisaeidi, A.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. Larsen, and H. Damsgaard, “Dispersion Compensating Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 164–180 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gryspolakis, N.

Harper, P.

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S. T. Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

M. A. Iqbal, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Skvortcov, A. El-Taher, I. D. Philips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Performance characterization of high gain, high output power and low noise cascaded broadband discrete Raman amplifiers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Iqbal, M. A.

M. A. Iqbal, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Skvortcov, A. El-Taher, I. D. Philips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Performance characterization of high gain, high output power and low noise cascaded broadband discrete Raman amplifiers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Islam, M. N.

M. N. Islam, “Raman amplifiers for telecommunications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 548–559 (2002).
[Crossref]

Khanna, G.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Knudsen, S. N.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. Larsen, and H. Damsgaard, “Dispersion Compensating Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 164–180 (2000).
[Crossref]

Koenig, S.

Koos, C.

Krzczanowicz, L.

M. A. Iqbal, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Skvortcov, A. El-Taher, I. D. Philips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Performance characterization of high gain, high output power and low noise cascaded broadband discrete Raman amplifiers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Larsen, C.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. Larsen, and H. Damsgaard, “Dispersion Compensating Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 164–180 (2000).
[Crossref]

Le, S. T.

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S. T. Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Letteron, L.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Leuthold, J.

Lewis, S. A. E.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, “Characterization of double Rayleigh scatter noise in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(5), 528–530 (2000).
[Crossref]

Magill, P. D.

L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, B. Zhu, M. F. Yan, P. W. Wisk, and P. D. Magill, “All-Raman-Amplified, 73 nm Seamless Band Transmission of 9 Tb/s Over 6000 km of Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 242–245 (2014).
[Crossref]

Magnussen, D.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. Larsen, and H. Damsgaard, “Dispersion Compensating Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 164–180 (2000).
[Crossref]

McCarthy, M. E.

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S. T. Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Mekhazni, K.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Meseguer, A.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Morin, F.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Müller, R.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Namiki, S.

S. Namiki and Y. Emori, “Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 3–16 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, B. Zhu, M. F. Yan, P. W. Wisk, and P. D. Magill, “All-Raman-Amplified, 73 nm Seamless Band Transmission of 9 Tb/s Over 6000 km of Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 242–245 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pagano, A.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, T.

Philips, I. D.

M. A. Iqbal, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Skvortcov, A. El-Taher, I. D. Philips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Performance characterization of high gain, high output power and low noise cascaded broadband discrete Raman amplifiers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Piat, A. C.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Poehlmann, W.

Rafique, D.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rahman, T.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Renaudier, J.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Riccardi, E.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Schmuck, H.

Skvortcov, P.

M. A. Iqbal, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Skvortcov, A. El-Taher, I. D. Philips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Performance characterization of high gain, high output power and low noise cascaded broadband discrete Raman amplifiers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Spinnler, B.

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Suibhne, N. M.

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S. T. Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. R.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, “Characterization of double Rayleigh scatter noise in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(5), 528–530 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tran, P.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Veng, T.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. Larsen, and H. Damsgaard, “Dispersion Compensating Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 164–180 (2000).
[Crossref]

Verdier, A.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

Winzer, P. J.

Wisk, P. W.

L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, B. Zhu, M. F. Yan, P. W. Wisk, and P. D. Magill, “All-Raman-Amplified, 73 nm Seamless Band Transmission of 9 Tb/s Over 6000 km of Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 242–245 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yan, M. F.

L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, B. Zhu, M. F. Yan, P. W. Wisk, and P. D. Magill, “All-Raman-Amplified, 73 nm Seamless Band Transmission of 9 Tb/s Over 6000 km of Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 242–245 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zambelis, T.

Zhou, X.

L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, B. Zhu, M. F. Yan, P. W. Wisk, and P. D. Magill, “All-Raman-Amplified, 73 nm Seamless Band Transmission of 9 Tb/s Over 6000 km of Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 242–245 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, B. Zhu, M. F. Yan, P. W. Wisk, and P. D. Magill, “All-Raman-Amplified, 73 nm Seamless Band Transmission of 9 Tb/s Over 6000 km of Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 242–245 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. N. Islam, “Raman amplifiers for telecommunications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 548–559 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Namiki and Y. Emori, “Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 3–16 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, B. Zhu, M. F. Yan, P. W. Wisk, and P. D. Magill, “All-Raman-Amplified, 73 nm Seamless Band Transmission of 9 Tb/s Over 6000 km of Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 242–245 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, “Characterization of double Rayleigh scatter noise in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(5), 528–530 (2000).
[Crossref]

G. Khanna, T. Rahman, E. De Man, E. Riccardi, A. Pagano, A. C. Piat, S. Calabro, B. Spinnler, D. Rafique, U. Feiste, and H. De Waardt, “Single-Carrier 400G 64QAM and 128QAM DWDM Field Trial Transmission Over Metro Legacy Links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. Larsen, and H. Damsgaard, “Dispersion Compensating Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 164–180 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

D. Hamoir, J. Boniort, L. Gasca, and D. Bayart, “Optimized, two-stage architecture for Raman amplifiers,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OMD8.

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S. T. Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the Nonlinear-Shannon Limit using Raman Laser Based Amplification and Optical Phase Conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.
[Crossref]

M. A. Iqbal, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Skvortcov, A. El-Taher, I. D. Philips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Performance characterization of high gain, high output power and low noise cascaded broadband discrete Raman amplifiers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Y. Emori and S. Namiki, “100nm bandwidth flat gain Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by 12-wavelength-channel WDM high power laser diodes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper PD19.

J. Renaudier, A. Meseguer, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Müller, R. Brenot, A. Verdier, F. Blache, K. Mekhazni, B. Duval, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Morin, L. Letteron, N. Fontaine, Y. Frignac, and G. Charlet, “First 100-nm Continuous-Band WDM Transmission System with 115Tb/s Transport over 100km Using Novel Ultra-Wideband Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in 43rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2017).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Amplifier design: two backward pumped stages each preceded by isolators, consisting of 10km IDF and 10km SMF. Pump powers of [351, 0, 236, 99, 16, 142] mW and [240, 162, 214, 162, 117, 310] mW at wavelengths of [1425, 1431, 1444, 1462, 1476, 1491] nm were used in the IDF and SMF, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Amplifier gain (a) for single and dual stage amplifier and the corresponding noise figure (b) vs wavelength.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Average net gain vs output power showing ~3dB saturated output power improvement up to 22.5dBm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simulations for single and dual stage Raman amplifiers built with different fibres: a) comparison of simulated and measured gain profiles versus wavelength b) simulated NPS versus wavelength.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Broadband transmission setup. Channels under test: 195.8THz (1531.12nm) to 192.5THz (1557.36nm) in C-band and 190.7THz (1572.06nm) to 187.4THz in L-band (1599.75nm), each at 300GHz spacing.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Transmission results versus distance: a) single stage with 59km spans, b) dual stage with 80km spans, c) dual stage case for selected channels @3040km, d) spectrum at 3040km. Q2 FEC threshold is 8.5dB (BER 3.8x10−3).

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