Abstract

Based on a 1.8-cm-long heavily Tm3+-doped germanate fiber and being in-band-pumped by a 1610 nm single-mode laser, a high-efficiency and high-power single-frequency distribute Bragg reflector (DBR) fiber laser emitting at 1950 nm is demonstrated. The DBR fiber laser has a maximum output power of ~617 mW and a slope efficiency for the absorbed pump power reaches to more than 42.2%. A stable single-longitudinal-mode laser output with a signal-to-noise ratio of greater than 63 dB is realized. The measured relative intensity-noise of the fiber laser reaches to around –150 dB/Hz at frequencies of over 8.4 MHz. It is beneficial to exploit the sub-watt and high-efficiency single-frequency laser from fiber oscillators directly, especially in the application of multiple paths coherent beam combination and optical medical technology.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (4)

B. Behzadi, M. Aliannezhadi, M. Hossein-Zadeh, and R. K. Jain, “Design of a new family of narrow-linewidth mid-infrared lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 34(12), 2501–2513 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 μm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, W. Lin, Z. Wu, C. Li, C. Yang, Y. Zhang, Z. Feng, M. Peng, H. Deng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “Frequency noise of distributed Bragg reflector single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(11), 12601–12610 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, X. Guan, Q. Zhao, B. Wu, Z. Feng, J. Gan, H. Cheng, M. Peng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “High-power and near-shot-noise-limited intensity noise all-fiber single-frequency 1.5 μm MOPA laser,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13324–13331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (5)

2015 (3)

2014 (4)

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, R. Su, C. Geng, X. Li, X. Xu, and B. Shu, “350-W coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers with tilt-tip and phase-locking control,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(19), 1781–1784 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, S. M. Oak, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Self-pulsing characteristics of a high-power single transverse mode Yb-doped CW fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2206–2213 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “345-mW 1836-nm single-frequency DFB fiber laser MOPA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2550–2552 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

Y. Chen, T. Huang, C. Kao, C. Wang, and S. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1424–1429 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, “1.6 μm semiconductor diode pumped thulium doped fluoride fibre laser and amplifier of very high efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 29(24), 2110–2112 (1993).
[Crossref]

Agger, S.

Aliannezhadi, M.

B. Behzadi, M. Aliannezhadi, M. Hossein-Zadeh, and R. K. Jain, “Design of a new family of narrow-linewidth mid-infrared lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 34(12), 2501–2513 (2017).
[Crossref]

Amzajerdian, F.

Andrés, M. V.

Asaya, S.

Bah, S. T.

Bai, X.

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 μm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

Barmenkov, Y. O.

Barrientos-Barria, J.

Behzadi, B.

B. Behzadi, M. Aliannezhadi, M. Hossein-Zadeh, and R. K. Jain, “Design of a new family of narrow-linewidth mid-infrared lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 34(12), 2501–2513 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bernier, M.

Boyland, A. J.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chakravarty, U.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, S. M. Oak, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Self-pulsing characteristics of a high-power single transverse mode Yb-doped CW fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2206–2213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

Chen, X.

X. Wen, G. Tang, Q. Yang, X. Chen, Q. Qian, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Highly Tm3+ doped germanate glass and its single mode fiber for 2.0 μm laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20344 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, T. Huang, C. Kao, C. Wang, and S. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1424–1429 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

Clarkson, W. A.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[Crossref]

Clément, Q.

Cruz, J. L.

Davey, S. T.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, “1.6 μm semiconductor diode pumped thulium doped fluoride fibre laser and amplifier of very high efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 29(24), 2110–2112 (1993).
[Crossref]

Deng, H.

Denker, B. I.

Dherbecourt, J. B.

Dianov, E. M.

Egorova, O. N.

Evans, C. A.

Fang, Q.

Feng, Z.

Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, W. Lin, Z. Wu, C. Li, C. Yang, Y. Zhang, Z. Feng, M. Peng, H. Deng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “Frequency noise of distributed Bragg reflector single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(11), 12601–12610 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, X. Guan, Q. Zhao, B. Wu, Z. Feng, J. Gan, H. Cheng, M. Peng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “High-power and near-shot-noise-limited intensity noise all-fiber single-frequency 1.5 μm MOPA laser,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13324–13331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, D. Chen, S. Xu, H. Deng, W. Lin, Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, K. Zhou, Z. Feng, Q. Qian, and Z. Yang, “Short all Tm-doped germanate glass fiber MOPA single-frequency laser at 1.95 μm,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10956–10961 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).

Q. Yang, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, X. Huang, and Z. Yang, “A single-frequency linearly polarized fiber laser using a newly developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber at 1.95 μm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(9), 094206 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, S. Xu, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, S. Mo, C. Yang, W. Zhang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “The ASE noise of a Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber single-frequency laser at 1083 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fortin, V.

Freitag, I.

Fu, S.

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 μm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, J. Lin, Q. Fang, Q. Sheng, H. Zhang, J. Wen, and J. Yao, “Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5283–5286 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuchs, F.

Fujita, E.

Gaida, C.

Galagan, B. I.

Gan, J.

C. Yang, X. Guan, Q. Zhao, B. Wu, Z. Feng, J. Gan, H. Cheng, M. Peng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “High-power and near-shot-noise-limited intensity noise all-fiber single-frequency 1.5 μm MOPA laser,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13324–13331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).

Gebhardt, M.

Geng, C.

X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, R. Su, C. Geng, X. Li, X. Xu, and B. Shu, “350-W coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers with tilt-tip and phase-locking control,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(19), 1781–1784 (2012).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

Godard, A.

Guan, X.

Harrison, P.

He, X.

Höfer, S.

Hossein-Zadeh, M.

B. Behzadi, M. Aliannezhadi, M. Hossein-Zadeh, and R. K. Jain, “Design of a new family of narrow-linewidth mid-infrared lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 34(12), 2501–2513 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huang, T.

Y. Chen, T. Huang, C. Kao, C. Wang, and S. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1424–1429 (1997).
[Crossref]

Huang, X.

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).

Q. Yang, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, X. Huang, and Z. Yang, “A single-frequency linearly polarized fiber laser using a newly developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber at 1.95 μm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(9), 094206 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ibsen, M.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “345-mW 1836-nm single-frequency DFB fiber laser MOPA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2550–2552 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ikonic, Z.

Jackson, S. D.

Jain, R. K.

B. Behzadi, M. Aliannezhadi, M. Hossein-Zadeh, and R. K. Jain, “Design of a new family of narrow-linewidth mid-infrared lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 34(12), 2501–2513 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Jetschke, S.

Jha, A.

Jiang, S.

Kao, C.

Y. Chen, T. Huang, C. Kao, C. Wang, and S. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1424–1429 (1997).
[Crossref]

King, T. A.

Kracht, D.

Kuruvilla, A.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, S. M. Oak, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Self-pulsing characteristics of a high-power single transverse mode Yb-doped CW fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2206–2213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, W. Lin, Z. Wu, C. Li, C. Yang, Y. Zhang, Z. Feng, M. Peng, H. Deng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “Frequency noise of distributed Bragg reflector single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(11), 12601–12610 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).

Q. Yang, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, X. Huang, and Z. Yang, “A single-frequency linearly polarized fiber laser using a newly developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber at 1.95 μm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(9), 094206 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, S. Xu, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, S. Mo, C. Yang, W. Zhang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “The ASE noise of a Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber single-frequency laser at 1083 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025104 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 μm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, R. Su, C. Geng, X. Li, X. Xu, and B. Shu, “350-W coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers with tilt-tip and phase-locking control,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(19), 1781–1784 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Lin, J.

Lin, W.

Liu, T.

Liu, Z.

Louka, M.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, “1.6 μm semiconductor diode pumped thulium doped fluoride fibre laser and amplifier of very high efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 29(24), 2110–2112 (1993).
[Crossref]

Luo, T.

Lupei, V.

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ma, P.

Mashiko, Y.

Melkonian, J. M.

Mo, S.

C. Li, S. Xu, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, S. Mo, C. Yang, W. Zhang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “The ASE noise of a Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber single-frequency laser at 1083 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025104 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 μm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, H.-R.

Musha, M.

Oak, S. M.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, S. M. Oak, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Self-pulsing characteristics of a high-power single transverse mode Yb-doped CW fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2206–2213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pavel, N.

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Peng, M.

Percival, R. M.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, “1.6 μm semiconductor diode pumped thulium doped fluoride fibre laser and amplifier of very high efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 29(24), 2110–2112 (1993).
[Crossref]

Perrin, S. D.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, “1.6 μm semiconductor diode pumped thulium doped fluoride fibre laser and amplifier of very high efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 29(24), 2110–2112 (1993).
[Crossref]

Povlsen, J. H.

Qian, Q.

X. Wen, G. Tang, Q. Yang, X. Chen, Q. Qian, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Highly Tm3+ doped germanate glass and its single mode fiber for 2.0 μm laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20344 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, D. Chen, S. Xu, H. Deng, W. Lin, Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, K. Zhou, Z. Feng, Q. Qian, and Z. Yang, “Short all Tm-doped germanate glass fiber MOPA single-frequency laser at 1.95 μm,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10956–10961 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raybaut, M.

Richards, B.

Rønnekleiv, E.

E. Rønnekleiv, “Frequency and intensity noise of single frequency fiber Bragg grating lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(3), 206–235 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sahu, J. K.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “345-mW 1836-nm single-frequency DFB fiber laser MOPA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2550–2552 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sato, Y.

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Seltzer, C. P.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, “1.6 μm semiconductor diode pumped thulium doped fluoride fibre laser and amplifier of very high efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 29(24), 2110–2112 (1993).
[Crossref]

Semjonov, S. L.

Sheng, Q.

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 μm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, J. Lin, Q. Fang, Q. Sheng, H. Zhang, J. Wen, and J. Yao, “Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5283–5286 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shenoy, M. R.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, S. M. Oak, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Self-pulsing characteristics of a high-power single transverse mode Yb-doped CW fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2206–2213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shi, G.

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 μm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shi, W.

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 μm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, J. Lin, Q. Fang, Q. Sheng, H. Zhang, J. Wen, and J. Yao, “Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5283–5286 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shu, B.

X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, R. Su, C. Geng, X. Li, X. Xu, and B. Shu, “350-W coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers with tilt-tip and phase-locking control,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(19), 1781–1784 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stutzki, F.

Su, R.

P. Ma, R. Tao, R. Su, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “1.89 kW all-fiberized and polarization-maintained amplifiers with narrow linewidth and near-diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Express 24(4), 4187–4195 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, R. Su, C. Geng, X. Li, X. Xu, and B. Shu, “350-W coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers with tilt-tip and phase-locking control,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(19), 1781–1784 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sverchkov, S. E.

Szebesta, D.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, “1.6 μm semiconductor diode pumped thulium doped fluoride fibre laser and amplifier of very high efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 29(24), 2110–2112 (1993).
[Crossref]

Taira, T.

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tang, G.

X. Wen, G. Tang, Q. Yang, X. Chen, Q. Qian, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Highly Tm3+ doped germanate glass and its single mode fiber for 2.0 μm laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20344 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tao, R.

Thyagarajan, K.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, S. M. Oak, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Self-pulsing characteristics of a high-power single transverse mode Yb-doped CW fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2206–2213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tokurakawa, M.

Torres-Peiró, S.

Tünnermann, A.

Unger, S.

Upadhyaya, B. N.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, S. M. Oak, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Self-pulsing characteristics of a high-power single transverse mode Yb-doped CW fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2206–2213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vallée, R.

Varming, P.

Velmiskin, V. V.

Voo, N. Y.

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “345-mW 1836-nm single-frequency DFB fiber laser MOPA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2550–2552 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wandt, D.

Wang, C.

Y. Chen, T. Huang, C. Kao, C. Wang, and S. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1424–1429 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

Y. Chen, T. Huang, C. Kao, C. Wang, and S. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1424–1429 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

P. Ma, R. Tao, R. Su, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “1.89 kW all-fiberized and polarization-maintained amplifiers with narrow linewidth and near-diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Express 24(4), 4187–4195 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, H. Zhang, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “100 W-level Tm-doped fiber laser pumped by 1173 nm Raman fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4329–4332 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, H. Zhang, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “100 W-level Tm-doped fiber laser pumped by 1173 nm Raman fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4329–4332 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, R. Su, C. Geng, X. Li, X. Xu, and B. Shu, “350-W coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers with tilt-tip and phase-locking control,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(19), 1781–1784 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, R. Su, C. Geng, X. Li, X. Xu, and B. Shu, “350-W coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers with tilt-tip and phase-locking control,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(19), 1781–1784 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, J.

Wen, X.

X. Wen, G. Tang, Q. Yang, X. Chen, Q. Qian, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Highly Tm3+ doped germanate glass and its single mode fiber for 2.0 μm laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20344 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wienke, A.

Wu, B.

Wu, J.

Wu, Z.

Xiao, H.

Xiao, Y.

Q. Yang, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, X. Huang, and Z. Yang, “A single-frequency linearly polarized fiber laser using a newly developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber at 1.95 μm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(9), 094206 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, S. Xu, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, S. Mo, C. Yang, W. Zhang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “The ASE noise of a Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber single-frequency laser at 1083 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

C. Yang, X. Guan, Q. Zhao, B. Wu, Z. Feng, J. Gan, H. Cheng, M. Peng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “High-power and near-shot-noise-limited intensity noise all-fiber single-frequency 1.5 μm MOPA laser,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13324–13331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, W. Lin, Z. Wu, C. Li, C. Yang, Y. Zhang, Z. Feng, M. Peng, H. Deng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “Frequency noise of distributed Bragg reflector single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(11), 12601–12610 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, D. Chen, S. Xu, H. Deng, W. Lin, Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, K. Zhou, Z. Feng, Q. Qian, and Z. Yang, “Short all Tm-doped germanate glass fiber MOPA single-frequency laser at 1.95 μm,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10956–10961 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).

Q. Yang, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, X. Huang, and Z. Yang, “A single-frequency linearly polarized fiber laser using a newly developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber at 1.95 μm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(9), 094206 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, S. Xu, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, S. Mo, C. Yang, W. Zhang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “The ASE noise of a Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber single-frequency laser at 1083 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025104 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 μm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, S. H.

Xu, X.

X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, R. Su, C. Geng, X. Li, X. Xu, and B. Shu, “350-W coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers with tilt-tip and phase-locking control,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(19), 1781–1784 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

C. Yang, X. Guan, Q. Zhao, B. Wu, Z. Feng, J. Gan, H. Cheng, M. Peng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “High-power and near-shot-noise-limited intensity noise all-fiber single-frequency 1.5 μm MOPA laser,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13324–13331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, W. Lin, Z. Wu, C. Li, C. Yang, Y. Zhang, Z. Feng, M. Peng, H. Deng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “Frequency noise of distributed Bragg reflector single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(11), 12601–12610 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, D. Chen, S. Xu, H. Deng, W. Lin, Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, K. Zhou, Z. Feng, Q. Qian, and Z. Yang, “Short all Tm-doped germanate glass fiber MOPA single-frequency laser at 1.95 μm,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10956–10961 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).

Q. Yang, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, X. Huang, and Z. Yang, “A single-frequency linearly polarized fiber laser using a newly developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber at 1.95 μm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(9), 094206 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, S. Xu, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, S. Mo, C. Yang, W. Zhang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “The ASE noise of a Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber single-frequency laser at 1083 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025104 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 μm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Q.

X. Wen, G. Tang, Q. Yang, X. Chen, Q. Qian, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Highly Tm3+ doped germanate glass and its single mode fiber for 2.0 μm laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20344 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Yang, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, X. Huang, and Z. Yang, “A single-frequency linearly polarized fiber laser using a newly developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber at 1.95 μm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(9), 094206 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 μm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, W. Lin, Z. Wu, C. Li, C. Yang, Y. Zhang, Z. Feng, M. Peng, H. Deng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “Frequency noise of distributed Bragg reflector single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(11), 12601–12610 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, X. Guan, Q. Zhao, B. Wu, Z. Feng, J. Gan, H. Cheng, M. Peng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “High-power and near-shot-noise-limited intensity noise all-fiber single-frequency 1.5 μm MOPA laser,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13324–13331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, D. Chen, S. Xu, H. Deng, W. Lin, Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, K. Zhou, Z. Feng, Q. Qian, and Z. Yang, “Short all Tm-doped germanate glass fiber MOPA single-frequency laser at 1.95 μm,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10956–10961 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wen, G. Tang, Q. Yang, X. Chen, Q. Qian, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Highly Tm3+ doped germanate glass and its single mode fiber for 2.0 μm laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20344 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).

Q. Yang, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, X. Huang, and Z. Yang, “A single-frequency linearly polarized fiber laser using a newly developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber at 1.95 μm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(9), 094206 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, S. Xu, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, S. Mo, C. Yang, W. Zhang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “The ASE noise of a Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber single-frequency laser at 1083 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025104 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 μm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z. M.

Yao, J.

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 μm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, J. Lin, Q. Fang, Q. Sheng, H. Zhang, J. Wen, and J. Yao, “Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5283–5286 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yatsenko, Y. P.

Yu, J.

Zalvidea, D.

Zeitner, U.

Zellmer, H.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, Q.

X. Wen, G. Tang, Q. Yang, X. Chen, Q. Qian, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Highly Tm3+ doped germanate glass and its single mode fiber for 2.0 μm laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20344 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

C. Li, S. Xu, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, S. Mo, C. Yang, W. Zhang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “The ASE noise of a Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber single-frequency laser at 1083 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

Zhou, K.

Zhou, P.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Yang, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, X. Huang, and Z. Yang, “A single-frequency linearly polarized fiber laser using a newly developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber at 1.95 μm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(9), 094206 (2015).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, “1.6 μm semiconductor diode pumped thulium doped fluoride fibre laser and amplifier of very high efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 29(24), 2110–2112 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Chen, T. Huang, C. Kao, C. Wang, and S. Wang, “Optimization in scaling fiber-coupled laser-diode end-pumped lasers to higher power: influence of thermal effect,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1424–1429 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, R. Su, C. Geng, X. Li, X. Xu, and B. Shu, “350-W coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers with tilt-tip and phase-locking control,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(19), 1781–1784 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “345-mW 1836-nm single-frequency DFB fiber laser MOPA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2550–2552 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 μm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

B. Behzadi, M. Aliannezhadi, M. Hossein-Zadeh, and R. K. Jain, “Design of a new family of narrow-linewidth mid-infrared lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 34(12), 2501–2513 (2017).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Li, S. Xu, Z. Feng, Y. Xiao, S. Mo, C. Yang, W. Zhang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “The ASE noise of a Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber single-frequency laser at 1083 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, S. M. Oak, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Self-pulsing characteristics of a high-power single transverse mode Yb-doped CW fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2206–2213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

O. N. Egorova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Velmiskin, Y. P. Yatsenko, S. E. Sverchkov, B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, and E. M. Dianov, “Phosphate-core silica-clad Er/Yb-doped optical fiber and cladding pumped laser,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7632–7637 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, X. Guan, Q. Zhao, B. Wu, Z. Feng, J. Gan, H. Cheng, M. Peng, Z. Yang, and S. Xu, “High-power and near-shot-noise-limited intensity noise all-fiber single-frequency 1.5 μm MOPA laser,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13324–13331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Fujita, Y. Mashiko, S. Asaya, M. Musha, and M. Tokurakawa, “High power narrow-linewidth linearly-polarized 1610 nm Er:Yb all-fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 24(23), 26255–26260 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Liu, Z. M. Yang, and S. H. Xu, “3-Dimensional heat analysis in short-length Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped phosphate fiber laser with upconversion,” Opt. Express 17(1), 235–247 (2009).
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C. Yang, D. Chen, S. Xu, H. Deng, W. Lin, Q. Zhao, Y. Zhang, K. Zhou, Z. Feng, Q. Qian, and Z. Yang, “Short all Tm-doped germanate glass fiber MOPA single-frequency laser at 1.95 μm,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10956–10961 (2016).
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Sci. Rep. (1)

X. Wen, G. Tang, Q. Yang, X. Chen, Q. Qian, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Highly Tm3+ doped germanate glass and its single mode fiber for 2.0 μm laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20344 (2016).
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Other (1)

D. Shen, Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “Thulium-Doped Distributed-Feedback Fiber Laser with > 0.3 W Output at 1935 nm,” in Proceedings of Conference on Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (Optical Society of America, 2007) Quebec 2–6 Sep (2007), paper BTuC1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experiment setup of 1950 nm DBR SFFL pumped by 1610 nm MOPA system. (HR-FBG: high-reflection fiber Bragg grating; PM-FBG: polarization-maintaining partial reflection fiber Bragg grating; WDM: wavelength division multiplexer; ISO: isolator.)
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption spectrum of core glass in TGF during the wavelength range from 300 to 2100 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulation of the maximum output power at 1950 nm as a function of (a) the wavelength of pump from 1540 to 1700 nm; (b) TGF length from 0 to 3.0 cm at 1610 nm, with the maximum pump power of 1.5 W.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Longitudinal modes characteristics of the fiber laser with the TGF length and temperature of (a) 2.1 cm and 20.7°C; (b) 1.8 cm and 18.9°C, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Based on 1.8-cm-long TGF, simulated and experimental results of output powers versus pump power as a function of different pump wavelengths.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Output spectrum of the 1950 nm DBR SFFL. Inset: laser spectrum measured by the OSA with wavelength span of 10 nm; (b) RIN of the fiber laser and the shot noise limit are also shown for comparison in the frequency band of 0–15 MHz with different output power. Inset: power stability of the fiber laser for ~2 hours.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Linewidth of the Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber laser measured by the self-heterodyne method.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Single-frequency fiber lasers based on heavily Tm3+-doped glass fibers

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