Abstract

We demonstrate a pre-chirp managed amplification (PCMA) system that is based on two stages of core-pumped, polarization maintaining (PM) fiber amplifiers. It produces output pulses with <65 fs duration and >10 nJ pulse energy from single-mode fibers. Tailoring of the spectra in the amplification chain enables pulse compression to near-perfect transform limited pulses (Strehl-ratio >0.9) and low intensity noise levels (0.008%) despite B-integrals >40 rad in the PCMA amplifier. Design strategies are presented. We expect this PCMA system to become an easy to implement add-on to a variety of existing sources while maintaining the advantages of the robustness of the PM standard fiber format.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (2)

2015 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26 Pt 1), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. Washburn, J. A. Buck, and S. E. Ralph, “Transform-limited spectral compression due to self-phase modulation in fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25(7), 445–447 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 983–996 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, “Special narrowing of ultrashort laser pulses by self-phase modulation in optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(8), 1017–1019 (1993).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Buck, J. A.

Buckley, J. R.

Chai, L.

Chang, G.

Chen, H.-W.

Chien, C.-Y.

Deng, Y.

Deutsch, C.

Dinkelaker, A.

Dudley, J. M.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26 Pt 1), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duncker, H.

Eidam, T.

Ferman, M. E.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Ferman, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26 Pt 1), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fidric, B. G.

Fini, J. M.

Giunta, M.

Hänsch, T. W.

Hartl, I.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Ferman, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Harvey, J. D.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26 Pt 1), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 983–996 (1993).
[Crossref]

He, H.

Hellmig, O.

Holzwarth, R.

Höpfel, R. A.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, “Special narrowing of ultrashort laser pulses by self-phase modulation in optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(8), 1017–1019 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hu, M.

Huang, S.-W.

Hülsing, T.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Kafka, J. D.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kohfeldt, A.

Kruglov, V. I.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26 Pt 1), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krutzik, M.

Lampmann, K.

Laurell, F.

R. Lindberg, P. Zeil, M. Malmström, F. Laurell, and V. Pasiskevicius, “Accurate modeling of high-repetition rate ultrashort pulse amplification in optical fibers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 34742 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lezius, M.

Li, Y.

Lim, H.

Lim, J.

Limpert, J.

Lindberg, R.

R. Lindberg, P. Zeil, M. Malmström, F. Laurell, and V. Pasiskevicius, “Accurate modeling of high-repetition rate ultrashort pulse amplification in optical fibers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 34742 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

Liu, H.

Liu, W.

Malmström, M.

R. Lindberg, P. Zeil, M. Malmström, F. Laurell, and V. Pasiskevicius, “Accurate modeling of high-repetition rate ultrashort pulse amplification in optical fibers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 34742 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mandel, O.

Marcinkevicius, A.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Ferman, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Martin, M. J.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Ferman, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mecozzi, A.

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 983–996 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, “Diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1723–1725 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Nees, J.

Oberthaler, M.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, “Special narrowing of ultrashort laser pulses by self-phase modulation in optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(8), 1017–1019 (1993).
[Crossref]

Pasiskevicius, V.

R. Lindberg, P. Zeil, M. Malmström, F. Laurell, and V. Pasiskevicius, “Accurate modeling of high-repetition rate ultrashort pulse amplification in optical fibers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 34742 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peters, A.

Pierrot, S.

Ralph, S. E.

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

Salin, F.

Schibli, T. R.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Ferman, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schiemangk, M.

Schimpf, D.

Schimpf, D. N.

Schkolnik, V.

Schmidt, O.

Seise, E.

Sengstock, K.

Song, H.

Song, Y.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Thaller, A.

Thomsen, B. C.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26 Pt 1), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Wang, C.

Washburn, B. R.

Wicht, A.

Wilken, T.

Windpassinger, P.

Wise, F. W.

Ye, J.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Ferman, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yost, D. C.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Ferman, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zeil, P.

R. Lindberg, P. Zeil, M. Malmström, F. Laurell, and V. Pasiskevicius, “Accurate modeling of high-repetition rate ultrashort pulse amplification in optical fibers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 34742 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, “Special narrowing of ultrashort laser pulses by self-phase modulation in optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(8), 1017–1019 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 983–996 (1993).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Ferman, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26 Pt 1), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

R. Lindberg, P. Zeil, M. Malmström, F. Laurell, and V. Pasiskevicius, “Accurate modeling of high-repetition rate ultrashort pulse amplification in optical fibers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 34742 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Simulation: (a) Output pulse quality and (b) pulse peak-power as a function of the pre-chirp’s GDD and the input power of the PCMA configuration.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulation of (a) output peak-power and Strehl-ratio (b) output pulse duration and compressor grating separation, and (c) output power and B-integral as a function of input power at fixed pre-chirp and adapted compression at output.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulation of (a) output peak-power and Strehl-ratio, and (b) output pulse duration and compressor grating separation as a function of the input power at fixed pre-chirp as well as constant compression at output (optimized for input power of 26 mW)
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Simulation of input and output pulse (uncompressed), (b) simulation of input and output spectrum, (c) simulation of the best compressed pulse at the output and the corresponding transfer limited pulse for the PCMA configuration of pre-chirp’s GDD of −1.44 × 105 fs2 and input power of 22 mW
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Schematic of the experimental setup. QWP: quarter wave-plate, HWP: half-wave plate, PBS: polarization beam splitter, ISO: optical isolator, WDM: wavelength division multiplexer, YDFA: Yttterbium doped fiber, SM: single mode non-polarization maintaining, PM: polarization maintaining, BPF: band-pass filter, SM pump: single-mode fiber pigtailed pump diode at 975 nm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Autocorrelation at the PCMA output.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Spectra of the pulse: (a) at the output of the oscillator, (b) after passage through BPF1, (c) after the first fiber-amplifier, (d) after passage through BPF2, (e) after the second fiber-amplifier.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Noise spectra (y-axis on left) and integrated RIN (y-axis on right) after the oscillator (blue), after the first amplifier (red), after the second amplifier (yellow).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters of the PCMA configuration for the simulation

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