Abstract

We propose a design of an ultra-broadband absorber based on a thin metamaterial nanostructure composed of a periodic array of titanium-silica (Ti-SiO2) cubes and an aluminum (Al) bottom film. The proposed structure can achieve nearly perfect absorption with an average absorbance of 97% spanning a broad range from visible to near-infrared (i.e., from 354 nm to 1066 nm), showing a 90% absorption bandwidth over 712 nm, and the peak absorption is up to 99.8%. The excitation of superior surface plasmon resonance combined with the resonance induced by the metal-insulator-metal Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity leads to this broadband perfect absorption. The polarization and angle insensitivity is demonstrated by analyzing the absorption performance with oblique incidences for both TE- and TM-polarized waves. In addition, we discuss the impact of various metal materials and geometry structure on absorption performance in detail. The proposed broadband metamaterial absorber shows a promising prospect in applications such as solar cell, infrared detection, and imaging. Moreover, the use of a thin titanium cap and an aluminum film instead of noble metals has the potential to reduce production cost in applications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2017 (3)

2016 (7)

S. Luo, J. Zhao, D. Zuo, and X. Wang, “Perfect narrow band absorber for sensing applications,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9288–9294 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wen, F. Yue, M. Ardron, and X. Chen, “Multifunctional metasurface lens for imaging and Fourier transform,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27628 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yong, S. Zhang, C. Gong, and S. He, “Narrow band perfect absorber for maximum localized magnetic and electric field enhancement and sensing applications,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 24063 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mesch, B. Metzger, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Nonlinear plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3155–3159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Hagglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, A. Wangperawong, K. E. Roelofs, and S. F. Bent, “Strong coupling of plasmon and nanocavity modes for dual-band, near-perfect absorbers and ultrathin photovoltaics,” ACS nics 3(3), 456–463 (2016).

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface Broadband Solar Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (8)

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and Thickness Dependent Absorption Properties of Black Phosphorus: New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulse Generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 051108 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Vora, J. Gwamuri, N. Pala, A. Kulkarni, J. M. Pearce, and D. Ö. Güney, “Exchanging Ohmic Losses in Metamaterial Absorbers with Useful Optical Absorption for Photovoltaics,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Lu, L. Zhang, and T. Zhang, “Nanoslit-microcavity-based narrow band absorber for sensing applications,” Opt. Express 23(16), 20715–20720 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Segovia, G. Marino, A. V. Krasavin, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, P. A. Belov, P. Ginzburg, and A. V. Zayats, “Hyperbolic metamaterial antenna for second-harmonic generation tomography,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30730–30738 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

L. Mo, L. Yang, A. Nadzeyka, S. Bauerdick, and S. He, “Enhanced broadband absorption in gold by plasmonic tapered coaxial holes,” Opt. Express 22(26), 32233–32244 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

Y. Chen, J. Dai, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Honeycomb-lattice plasmonic absorbers at NIR: anomalous high-order resonance,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20873–20879 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

D. Y. Li, Z. Szabo, X. M. Qing, E. P. Li, and Z. N. Chen, “A High Gain Antenna With an Optimized Metamaterial Inspired Superstrate,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 6018–6023 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Shin, Y. Urzhumov, Y. Jung, G. Kang, S. Baek, M. Choi, H. Park, K. Kim, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband electromagnetic cloaking with smart metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous Negative Phase and Group Velocity of Light in a Metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 051108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Al-Naib, I.

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Alù, A.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ardron, M.

D. Wen, F. Yue, M. Ardron, and X. Chen, “Multifunctional metasurface lens for imaging and Fourier transform,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27628 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Argyropoulos, C.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Azad, A. K.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface Broadband Solar Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baek, S.

D. Shin, Y. Urzhumov, Y. Jung, G. Kang, S. Baek, M. Choi, H. Park, K. Kim, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband electromagnetic cloaking with smart metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bauerdick, S.

Belov, P. A.

Bent, S. F.

C. Hagglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, A. Wangperawong, K. E. Roelofs, and S. F. Bent, “Strong coupling of plasmon and nanocavity modes for dual-band, near-perfect absorbers and ultrathin photovoltaics,” ACS nics 3(3), 456–463 (2016).

Cao, W.

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chan, K.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheah, K. W.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface Broadband Solar Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

Chen, M.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

D. Wen, F. Yue, M. Ardron, and X. Chen, “Multifunctional metasurface lens for imaging and Fourier transform,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27628 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and Thickness Dependent Absorption Properties of Black Phosphorus: New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulse Generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z. N.

D. Y. Li, Z. Szabo, X. M. Qing, E. P. Li, and Z. N. Chen, “A High Gain Antenna With an Optimized Metamaterial Inspired Superstrate,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 6018–6023 (2012).
[Crossref]

Choi, M.

D. Shin, Y. Urzhumov, Y. Jung, G. Kang, S. Baek, M. Choi, H. Park, K. Kim, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband electromagnetic cloaking with smart metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cong, L.

L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Coon, W. T.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Copner, N.

D’Aguanno, G.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dai, J.

Dalvit, D. A. R.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface Broadband Solar Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davids, P. S.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dolling, G.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous Negative Phase and Group Velocity of Light in a Metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Enkrich, C.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous Negative Phase and Group Velocity of Light in a Metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fortune, T. R.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Genov, D. A.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

M. Mesch, B. Metzger, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Nonlinear plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3155–3159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ginzburg, P.

Goldflam, M. D.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gong, C.

Z. Yong, S. Zhang, C. Gong, and S. He, “Narrow band perfect absorber for maximum localized magnetic and electric field enhancement and sensing applications,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 24063 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, Y.

Güney, D. Ö.

A. Vora, J. Gwamuri, N. Pala, A. Kulkarni, J. M. Pearce, and D. Ö. Güney, “Exchanging Ohmic Losses in Metamaterial Absorbers with Useful Optical Absorption for Photovoltaics,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gwamuri, J.

A. Vora, J. Gwamuri, N. Pala, A. Kulkarni, J. M. Pearce, and D. Ö. Güney, “Exchanging Ohmic Losses in Metamaterial Absorbers with Useful Optical Absorption for Photovoltaics,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hagglund, C.

C. Hagglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, A. Wangperawong, K. E. Roelofs, and S. F. Bent, “Strong coupling of plasmon and nanocavity modes for dual-band, near-perfect absorbers and ultrathin photovoltaics,” ACS nics 3(3), 456–463 (2016).

Hawkins, S. D.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

He, S.

Z. Yong, S. Zhang, C. Gong, and S. He, “Narrow band perfect absorber for maximum localized magnetic and electric field enhancement and sensing applications,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 24063 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Mo, L. Yang, A. Nadzeyka, S. Bauerdick, and S. He, “Enhanced broadband absorption in gold by plasmonic tapered coaxial holes,” Opt. Express 22(26), 32233–32244 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Mesch, B. Metzger, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Nonlinear plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3155–3159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J.

Jung, Y.

D. Shin, Y. Urzhumov, Y. Jung, G. Kang, S. Baek, M. Choi, H. Park, K. Kim, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband electromagnetic cloaking with smart metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jussila, H.

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and Thickness Dependent Absorption Properties of Black Phosphorus: New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulse Generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kadlec, E. A.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kang, G.

D. Shin, Y. Urzhumov, Y. Jung, G. Kang, S. Baek, M. Choi, H. Park, K. Kim, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband electromagnetic cloaking with smart metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karvonen, L.

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and Thickness Dependent Absorption Properties of Black Phosphorus: New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulse Generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keeler, G. A.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. K.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

D. Shin, Y. Urzhumov, Y. Jung, G. Kang, S. Baek, M. Choi, H. Park, K. Kim, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband electromagnetic cloaking with smart metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klem, J. F.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kort-Kamp, W. J. M.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface Broadband Solar Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krasavin, A. V.

Kulkarni, A.

A. Vora, J. Gwamuri, N. Pala, A. Kulkarni, J. M. Pearce, and D. Ö. Güney, “Exchanging Ohmic Losses in Metamaterial Absorbers with Useful Optical Absorption for Photovoltaics,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le, K. Q.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and Thickness Dependent Absorption Properties of Black Phosphorus: New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulse Generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, D. Y.

D. Y. Li, Z. Szabo, X. M. Qing, E. P. Li, and Z. N. Chen, “A High Gain Antenna With an Optimized Metamaterial Inspired Superstrate,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 6018–6023 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, E. P.

D. Y. Li, Z. Szabo, X. M. Qing, E. P. Li, and Z. N. Chen, “A High Gain Antenna With an Optimized Metamaterial Inspired Superstrate,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 6018–6023 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, K.

Li, K. F.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Linden, S.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous Negative Phase and Group Velocity of Light in a Metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lipsanen, H.

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and Thickness Dependent Absorption Properties of Black Phosphorus: New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulse Generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

Liu, Y.

Lu, X.

Luk, T. S.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface Broadband Solar Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, M.

Luo, S.

Ma, R.

Macherzynski, W.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 051108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Marino, G.

Mattiucci, N.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mesch, M.

M. Mesch, B. Metzger, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Nonlinear plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3155–3159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Metzger, B.

M. Mesch, B. Metzger, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Nonlinear plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3155–3159 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mo, L.

Mrejen, M.

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nadzeyka, A.

Ni, X.

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olivier, N.

Olson, B. V.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pala, N.

A. Vora, J. Gwamuri, N. Pala, A. Kulkarni, J. M. Pearce, and D. Ö. Güney, “Exchanging Ohmic Losses in Metamaterial Absorbers with Useful Optical Absorption for Photovoltaics,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paletko, P.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 051108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Parameswaran, S.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Park, H.

D. Shin, Y. Urzhumov, Y. Jung, G. Kang, S. Baek, M. Choi, H. Park, K. Kim, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband electromagnetic cloaking with smart metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pearce, J. M.

A. Vora, J. Gwamuri, N. Pala, A. Kulkarni, J. M. Pearce, and D. Ö. Güney, “Exchanging Ohmic Losses in Metamaterial Absorbers with Useful Optical Absorption for Photovoltaics,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peters, D. W.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pun, E. Y. B.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiao, D.

Qing, X. M.

D. Y. Li, Z. Szabo, X. M. Qing, E. P. Li, and Z. N. Chen, “A High Gain Antenna With an Optimized Metamaterial Inspired Superstrate,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 6018–6023 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

Roelofs, K. E.

C. Hagglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, A. Wangperawong, K. E. Roelofs, and S. F. Bent, “Strong coupling of plasmon and nanocavity modes for dual-band, near-perfect absorbers and ultrathin photovoltaics,” ACS nics 3(3), 456–463 (2016).

Ruiz, R.

C. Hagglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, A. Wangperawong, K. E. Roelofs, and S. F. Bent, “Strong coupling of plasmon and nanocavity modes for dual-band, near-perfect absorbers and ultrathin photovoltaics,” ACS nics 3(3), 456–463 (2016).

Segovia, P.

Shaner, E. A.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shen, S.

Shin, D.

D. Shin, Y. Urzhumov, Y. Jung, G. Kang, S. Baek, M. Choi, H. Park, K. Kim, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband electromagnetic cloaking with smart metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, R.

L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

D. Shin, Y. Urzhumov, Y. Jung, G. Kang, S. Baek, M. Choi, H. Park, K. Kim, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband electromagnetic cloaking with smart metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sobon, G.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 051108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 051108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Soukoulis, C. M.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous Negative Phase and Group Velocity of Light in a Metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Z.

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and Thickness Dependent Absorption Properties of Black Phosphorus: New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulse Generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sykora, M.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface Broadband Solar Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Szabo, Z.

D. Y. Li, Z. Szabo, X. M. Qing, E. P. Li, and Z. N. Chen, “A High Gain Antenna With an Optimized Metamaterial Inspired Superstrate,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 6018–6023 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tan, S.

L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tauke-Pedretti, A.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface Broadband Solar Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uggalla, L.

Ulin-Avila, E.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urzhumov, Y.

D. Shin, Y. Urzhumov, Y. Jung, G. Kang, S. Baek, M. Choi, H. Park, K. Kim, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband electromagnetic cloaking with smart metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vora, A.

A. Vora, J. Gwamuri, N. Pala, A. Kulkarni, J. M. Pearce, and D. Ö. Güney, “Exchanging Ohmic Losses in Metamaterial Absorbers with Useful Optical Absorption for Photovoltaics,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Wangperawong, A.

C. Hagglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, A. Wangperawong, K. E. Roelofs, and S. F. Bent, “Strong coupling of plasmon and nanocavity modes for dual-band, near-perfect absorbers and ultrathin photovoltaics,” ACS nics 3(3), 456–463 (2016).

Wegener, M.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous Negative Phase and Group Velocity of Light in a Metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weisse-Bernstein, N. R.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface Broadband Solar Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, D.

D. Wen, F. Yue, M. Ardron, and X. Chen, “Multifunctional metasurface lens for imaging and Fourier transform,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27628 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wendt, J. R.

M. D. Goldflam, E. A. Kadlec, B. V. Olson, J. F. Klem, S. D. Hawkins, S. Parameswaran, W. T. Coon, G. A. Keeler, T. R. Fortune, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. R. Wendt, E. A. Shaner, P. S. Davids, J. K. Kim, and D. W. Peters, “Enhanced infrared detectors using resonant structures combined with thin type-II super lattice absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Withayachumnankul, W.

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wong, P. W. H.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, Z. J.

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, D.

Wu, S.

Wurtz, G. A.

Yahiaoui, R.

L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, F.

L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, M.

Yang, L.

Ye, G.

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and Thickness Dependent Absorption Properties of Black Phosphorus: New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulse Generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, H.

Yong, Z.

Z. Yong, S. Zhang, C. Gong, and S. He, “Narrow band perfect absorber for maximum localized magnetic and electric field enhancement and sensing applications,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 24063 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, L.

Yu, Z.

Yue, F.

D. Wen, F. Yue, M. Ardron, and X. Chen, “Multifunctional metasurface lens for imaging and Fourier transform,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27628 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zayats, A. V.

Zeltzer, G.

C. Hagglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, A. Wangperawong, K. E. Roelofs, and S. F. Bent, “Strong coupling of plasmon and nanocavity modes for dual-band, near-perfect absorbers and ultrathin photovoltaics,” ACS nics 3(3), 456–463 (2016).

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, S.

Z. Yong, S. Zhang, C. Gong, and S. He, “Narrow band perfect absorber for maximum localized magnetic and electric field enhancement and sensing applications,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 24063 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
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R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
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X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349(6254), 1310–1314 (2015).
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J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 051108 (2015).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the proposed broadband metamaterial absorber. (b) Magnified unit cell of the absorber. Here, a periodic array of subwavelength Ti-SiO2 cubes is placed directly on the surface of a uniform aluminum substrate. Parameters of the unit cell are set as p = 250 nm, w = 190 nm, t1 = 200 nm, t2 = 80 nm, t3 = 20 nm. The aluminum layer is thick enough to prevent the light transmission and the surrounding material is assumed to be air.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulated absorbance spectrum. BW: Bandwidth.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a)-(d) Current density J (top row, color bar in the x-z plane), (e)-(h) distributions of the electric field |E| (color bar in the x-z plane) and (i)-(l) magnetic field |H| (color bar in the x-z plane). The observed range in x-direction is from −125 nm to 125 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Spectrum of the proposed metamaterial absorber (red solid line) compared to that of the Ti-SiO2-Al planar structure (blue dash-dot line).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Absorbance spectra with different incident angles for (a) TE-mode (x-polarized) and (b) TM-mode (y-polarized). The incident angle steps in 20o from 0o to 60o.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Absorbance spectra with different top and bottom metals. (a) Top metal cap replaced by silver (Ag), aluminum (Al) and nickel (Ni). (b) Bottom metal substrate replaced by gold (Au), silver (Ag) and copper (Cu). The spectra of the proposed structure with the top cap of Ti and bottom layer of Al are depicted in a red solid line in Figs. 6 (a) and 6(b) for comparison.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Absorption ability in different parts of the proposed absorber.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Demonstration of the geometric effects on the absorption performances with normally incident TE-polarized light: (a) the width of the Ti-SiO2 cell cube (w), (b) the thickness of SiO2 (t2) and (c) the thickness of Ti (t3).

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