Abstract

A Tm3+ monoclinic double tungstate planar waveguide laser is passively Q-switched (PQS) by a saturable absorber (SA) based on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) randomly oriented in a polymer film. The laser is based on a 18 µm-thick 5 at.% Tm:KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 active layer grown on an undoped (010)-oriented KY(WO4)2 substrate by liquid phase epitaxy with determined propagation losses 0.7 ± 0.2 dB/cm. The PQS laser generated a maximum average output power of 45.6 mW at 1.8354 µm with a slope efficiency of 22.5%. Stable 83-ns-long laser pulses with an energy of 33 nJ were achieved at a repetition rate of 1.39 MHz. The use of SWCNTs as SA is promising for generation of sub-100 ns pulses in such waveguide lasers at ~2 µm.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2017 (5)

X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes oust graphene and semiconductor saturable absorbers in Q-switched solid-state lasers at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(9), 095801 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 27(4), 045801 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, J. R. de Aldana, A. Ródenas, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Femtosecond-laser-written Tm:KLu(WO4)2 waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1169–1172 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Morris, N. K. Stevenson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, C. T. A. Brown, J.-M. Hopkins, M. D. Dawson, and A. A. Lagatsky, “1.9 µm waveguide laser fabricated by ultrafast laser inscription in Tm:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14910–14917 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

2015 (2)

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Tm:KLu(WO4)2 microchip laser Q-switched by a graphene-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14108–14113 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. van Dalfsen, S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, C. Grivas, U. Griebner, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Engineering lattice matching, doping level, and optical properties of KY(WO4)2:Gd,Lu,Yb layers for a cladding-side-pumped channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(3), 433–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped TmYAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

Aguiló, M.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, J. R. de Aldana, A. Ródenas, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Femtosecond-laser-written Tm:KLu(WO4)2 waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1169–1172 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes oust graphene and semiconductor saturable absorbers in Q-switched solid-state lasers at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(9), 095801 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 27(4), 045801 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Tm:KLu(WO4)2 microchip laser Q-switched by a graphene-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14108–14113 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, V. L. Panyutin, G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched Tm-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser at 1.84 µm,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1449–1454 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ams, M.

Aravazhi, S.

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser with 1.6 W of output power and ∼80% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4380–4383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. van Dalfsen, S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, C. Grivas, U. Griebner, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Engineering lattice matching, doping level, and optical properties of KY(WO4)2:Gd,Lu,Yb layers for a cladding-side-pumped channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(3), 433–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Efficient KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2:Tm3+ channel waveguide lasers,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5277–5282 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beach, R. J.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped TmYAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[Crossref]

Benayad, A.

Bolanos, W.

Bolaños, W.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, V. L. Panyutin, G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched Tm-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser at 1.84 µm,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1449–1454 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bookey, H. T.

Brasse, G.

Braud, A.

Brown, C. L.

J. H. Lee, S. Gross, B. V. Cunning, C. L. Brown, D. Kielpinski, T. M. Monro, and D. G. Lancaster, “Graphene-based passive Q-switching of a Tm3+:ZBLAN short-infrared waveguide laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), paper P. JTu4A.128.
[Crossref]

Brown, C. T. A.

Brown, G.

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Camy, P.

Cantelar, E.

Carvajal, J. J.

Chen, F.

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cho, W. B.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, S. Y.

X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes oust graphene and semiconductor saturable absorbers in Q-switched solid-state lasers at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(9), 095801 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, J. R. de Aldana, A. Ródenas, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Femtosecond-laser-written Tm:KLu(WO4)2 waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1169–1172 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Lan, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, Y. Wang, J. Li, Y. Pan, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, A. Yasukevich, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of microchip lasers based on Ho:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Opt. 55(18), 4877–4887 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cunning, B. V.

J. H. Lee, S. Gross, B. V. Cunning, C. L. Brown, D. Kielpinski, T. M. Monro, and D. G. Lancaster, “Graphene-based passive Q-switching of a Tm3+:ZBLAN short-infrared waveguide laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), paper P. JTu4A.128.
[Crossref]

Dawson, M. D.

de Aldana, J. R.

Demetriou, G.

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 27(4), 045801 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, J. R. de Aldana, A. Ródenas, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Femtosecond-laser-written Tm:KLu(WO4)2 waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1169–1172 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes oust graphene and semiconductor saturable absorbers in Q-switched solid-state lasers at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(9), 095801 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Tm:KLu(WO4)2 microchip laser Q-switched by a graphene-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14108–14113 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, V. L. Panyutin, G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched Tm-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser at 1.84 µm,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1449–1454 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Doualan, J.-L.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Ferrari, A. C.

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fuerbach, A.

X. Jiang, S. Gross, H. Zhang, Z. Guo, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, “Bismuth telluride topological insulator nanosheet saturable absorbers for q-switched mode-locked Tm:ZBLAN waveguide lasers,” Ann. Phys. 528(7–8), 543–550 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm3+:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

García-Blanco, S. M.

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser with 1.6 W of output power and ∼80% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4380–4383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. van Dalfsen, S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, C. Grivas, U. Griebner, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Engineering lattice matching, doping level, and optical properties of KY(WO4)2:Gd,Lu,Yb layers for a cladding-side-pumped channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(3), 433–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Geskus, D.

S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. van Dalfsen, S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, C. Grivas, U. Griebner, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Engineering lattice matching, doping level, and optical properties of KY(WO4)2:Gd,Lu,Yb layers for a cladding-side-pumped channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(3), 433–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Efficient KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2:Tm3+ channel waveguide lasers,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5277–5282 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griebner, U.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 27(4), 045801 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, J. R. de Aldana, A. Ródenas, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Femtosecond-laser-written Tm:KLu(WO4)2 waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1169–1172 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes oust graphene and semiconductor saturable absorbers in Q-switched solid-state lasers at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(9), 095801 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Lan, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, Y. Wang, J. Li, Y. Pan, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, A. Yasukevich, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of microchip lasers based on Ho:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Opt. 55(18), 4877–4887 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Tm:KLu(WO4)2 microchip laser Q-switched by a graphene-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14108–14113 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. van Dalfsen, S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, C. Grivas, U. Griebner, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Engineering lattice matching, doping level, and optical properties of KY(WO4)2:Gd,Lu,Yb layers for a cladding-side-pumped channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(3), 433–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, V. L. Panyutin, G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched Tm-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser at 1.84 µm,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1449–1454 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grivas, C.

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser with 1.6 W of output power and ∼80% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4380–4383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. van Dalfsen, S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, C. Grivas, U. Griebner, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Engineering lattice matching, doping level, and optical properties of KY(WO4)2:Gd,Lu,Yb layers for a cladding-side-pumped channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(3), 433–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gross, S.

X. Jiang, S. Gross, H. Zhang, Z. Guo, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, “Bismuth telluride topological insulator nanosheet saturable absorbers for q-switched mode-locked Tm:ZBLAN waveguide lasers,” Ann. Phys. 528(7–8), 543–550 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm3+:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, S. Gross, B. V. Cunning, C. L. Brown, D. Kielpinski, T. M. Monro, and D. G. Lancaster, “Graphene-based passive Q-switching of a Tm3+:ZBLAN short-infrared waveguide laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), paper P. JTu4A.128.
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

X. Jiang, S. Gross, H. Zhang, Z. Guo, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, “Bismuth telluride topological insulator nanosheet saturable absorbers for q-switched mode-locked Tm:ZBLAN waveguide lasers,” Ann. Phys. 528(7–8), 543–550 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gusakova, N. V.

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hopkins, J.-M.

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, S. Gross, H. Zhang, Z. Guo, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, “Bismuth telluride topological insulator nanosheet saturable absorbers for q-switched mode-locked Tm:ZBLAN waveguide lasers,” Ann. Phys. 528(7–8), 543–550 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kar, A. K.

J. Morris, N. K. Stevenson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, C. T. A. Brown, J.-M. Hopkins, M. D. Dawson, and A. A. Lagatsky, “1.9 µm waveguide laser fabricated by ultrafast laser inscription in Tm:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14910–14917 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kielpinski, D.

J. H. Lee, S. Gross, B. V. Cunning, C. L. Brown, D. Kielpinski, T. M. Monro, and D. G. Lancaster, “Graphene-based passive Q-switching of a Tm3+:ZBLAN short-infrared waveguide laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), paper P. JTu4A.128.
[Crossref]

Kifle, E.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, J. R. de Aldana, A. Ródenas, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Femtosecond-laser-written Tm:KLu(WO4)2 waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1169–1172 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 27(4), 045801 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. H.

Kuan, K.

Kuleshov, N. V.

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lan, R.

Lancaster, D. G.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm3+:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, S. Gross, B. V. Cunning, C. L. Brown, D. Kielpinski, T. M. Monro, and D. G. Lancaster, “Graphene-based passive Q-switching of a Tm3+:ZBLAN short-infrared waveguide laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), paper P. JTu4A.128.
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, S. Gross, B. V. Cunning, C. L. Brown, D. Kielpinski, T. M. Monro, and D. G. Lancaster, “Graphene-based passive Q-switching of a Tm3+:ZBLAN short-infrared waveguide laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), paper P. JTu4A.128.
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

Lifante, G.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, V. L. Panyutin, G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched Tm-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser at 1.84 µm,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1449–1454 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. H.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Loiko, P.

X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes oust graphene and semiconductor saturable absorbers in Q-switched solid-state lasers at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(9), 095801 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, J. R. de Aldana, A. Ródenas, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Femtosecond-laser-written Tm:KLu(WO4)2 waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1169–1172 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 27(4), 045801 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Lan, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, Y. Wang, J. Li, Y. Pan, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, A. Yasukevich, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of microchip lasers based on Ho:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Opt. 55(18), 4877–4887 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Tm:KLu(WO4)2 microchip laser Q-switched by a graphene-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14108–14113 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mackenzie, J. I.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped TmYAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mary, R.

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mateos, X.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 27(4), 045801 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, J. R. de Aldana, A. Ródenas, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Femtosecond-laser-written Tm:KLu(WO4)2 waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1169–1172 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes oust graphene and semiconductor saturable absorbers in Q-switched solid-state lasers at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(9), 095801 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Lan, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, Y. Wang, J. Li, Y. Pan, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, A. Yasukevich, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of microchip lasers based on Ho:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Opt. 55(18), 4877–4887 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Tm:KLu(WO4)2 microchip laser Q-switched by a graphene-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14108–14113 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, V. L. Panyutin, G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched Tm-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser at 1.84 µm,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1449–1454 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Meissner, H. E.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped TmYAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ménard, V.

Mitchell, S. C.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped TmYAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[Crossref]

Moncorgé, R.

Monro, T. M.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm3+:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, S. Gross, B. V. Cunning, C. L. Brown, D. Kielpinski, T. M. Monro, and D. G. Lancaster, “Graphene-based passive Q-switching of a Tm3+:ZBLAN short-infrared waveguide laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), paper P. JTu4A.128.
[Crossref]

Morris, J.

Murugan, G. S.

Pan, Y.

Panyutin, V. L.

Petrov, V.

X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes oust graphene and semiconductor saturable absorbers in Q-switched solid-state lasers at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(9), 095801 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, J. R. de Aldana, A. Ródenas, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Femtosecond-laser-written Tm:KLu(WO4)2 waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1169–1172 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 27(4), 045801 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Lan, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, Y. Wang, J. Li, Y. Pan, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, A. Yasukevich, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of microchip lasers based on Ho:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Opt. 55(18), 4877–4887 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Tm:KLu(WO4)2 microchip laser Q-switched by a graphene-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14108–14113 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, V. L. Panyutin, G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched Tm-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser at 1.84 µm,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1449–1454 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pollnau, M.

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser with 1.6 W of output power and ∼80% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4380–4383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. van Dalfsen, S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, C. Grivas, U. Griebner, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Engineering lattice matching, doping level, and optical properties of KY(WO4)2:Gd,Lu,Yb layers for a cladding-side-pumped channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(3), 433–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Efficient KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2:Tm3+ channel waveguide lasers,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5277–5282 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popa, D.

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pujol, M. C.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ren, Y.

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rivier, S.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ródenas, A.

Rotermund, F.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, J. R. de Aldana, A. Ródenas, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Femtosecond-laser-written Tm:KLu(WO4)2 waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1169–1172 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes oust graphene and semiconductor saturable absorbers in Q-switched solid-state lasers at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(9), 095801 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Lan, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, Y. Wang, J. Li, Y. Pan, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, A. Yasukevich, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of microchip lasers based on Ho:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Opt. 55(18), 4877–4887 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, A.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Serres, J. M.

Shepherd, D. P.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped TmYAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[Crossref]

Silvestre, Ò.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Solé, R. M.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Starecki, F.

Steinmeyer, G.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stevenson, N. K.

Tien, P. K.

Torrisi, F.

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ulrich, R.

van Dalfsen, K.

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser with 1.6 W of output power and ∼80% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4380–4383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. van Dalfsen, S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, C. Grivas, U. Griebner, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Engineering lattice matching, doping level, and optical properties of KY(WO4)2:Gd,Lu,Yb layers for a cladding-side-pumped channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(3), 433–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Efficient KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2:Tm3+ channel waveguide lasers,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5277–5282 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vázquez-Córdova, S. A.

S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. van Dalfsen, S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, C. Grivas, U. Griebner, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Engineering lattice matching, doping level, and optical properties of KY(WO4)2:Gd,Lu,Yb layers for a cladding-side-pumped channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(3), 433–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wilkinson, J. S.

Withford, M. J.

X. Jiang, S. Gross, H. Zhang, Z. Guo, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, “Bismuth telluride topological insulator nanosheet saturable absorbers for q-switched mode-locked Tm:ZBLAN waveguide lasers,” Ann. Phys. 528(7–8), 543–550 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm3+:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wörhoff, K.

Yasukevich, A.

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 27(4), 045801 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Lan, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, Y. Wang, J. Li, Y. Pan, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, A. Yasukevich, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of microchip lasers based on Ho:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Opt. 55(18), 4877–4887 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yasukevich, A. S.

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yeom, D.-I.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yim, J. H.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 µm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yumashev, K.

Yumashev, K. V.

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

X. Jiang, S. Gross, H. Zhang, Z. Guo, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, “Bismuth telluride topological insulator nanosheet saturable absorbers for q-switched mode-locked Tm:ZBLAN waveguide lasers,” Ann. Phys. 528(7–8), 543–550 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, “Boosting the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(12), 1937–1943 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. (1)

X. Jiang, S. Gross, H. Zhang, Z. Guo, M. J. Withford, and A. Fuerbach, “Bismuth telluride topological insulator nanosheet saturable absorbers for q-switched mode-locked Tm:ZBLAN waveguide lasers,” Ann. Phys. 528(7–8), 543–550 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Aravazhi, D. Geskus, K. van Dalfsen, S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, C. Grivas, U. Griebner, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Engineering lattice matching, doping level, and optical properties of KY(WO4)2:Gd,Lu,Yb layers for a cladding-side-pumped channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111(3), 433–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cryst. Growth Des. (1)

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped TmYAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz graphene-based 2-μm monolithic waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 395–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

E. Kifle, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 27(4), 045801 (2017).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Mateos, P. Loiko, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes oust graphene and semiconductor saturable absorbers in Q-switched solid-state lasers at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(9), 095801 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. S. Yasukevich, P. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Modeling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers,” Opt. Commun. 389, 15–22 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

J. H. Lee, S. Gross, B. V. Cunning, C. L. Brown, D. Kielpinski, T. M. Monro, and D. G. Lancaster, “Graphene-based passive Q-switching of a Tm3+:ZBLAN short-infrared waveguide laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), paper P. JTu4A.128.
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Environmental-SEM back-scattering image of the polished end-facet of the Tm:KYW/KYW epitaxy; (b) initial small-signal transmission of the SWCNT-SA (Fresnel losses are subtracted), inset – image of the SA. Arrow denotes the laser wavelength (PQS laser); (c) small-signal transmission spectra of SWCNT/PMMA and pure PMMA films of the same thickness (~200 nm).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Scheme of the waveguide laser set-up: PM – pump mirror, OC – output coupler, ND – neutral density filter, F – long-pass filter; (b) blue upconversion luminescence from the PQS Tm:KYW planar waveguide laser.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 CW Tm:KYW planar waveguide laser: (a) input-output dependences, η – slope efficiency; (b) typical laser emission spectra measured at maximum Pabs; (c) Caird analysis modified for high output coupling. The laser polarization is E || Nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 SWCNT PQS Tm:KYW planar waveguide laser: (a) input-output dependences, η – slope efficiency; (b) typical laser emission spectra measured at maximum Pabs. The laser polarization is E || Nm. Inset in (a) - far-field profile of the laser mode for TOC = 30%, Pabs = 330 mW.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 SWCNT PQS Tm:KYW planar waveguide lasers: (a) pulse duration (FWHM), (b) pulse energy and (c) pulse repetition frequency (PRF) vs. absorbed pump power.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Oscilloscope traces of the SWCNT PQS Tm:KYW planar waveguide laser output recorded by a fast InGaAs photodiode at maximum Pabs: (a) shortest single Q-switched pulses for the applied OCs; (b) corresponding pulse train for TOC = 9%.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Output Characteristics of PQS Thulium Waveguide Lasers Reported So Far

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