Abstract

Recognition of single quantum dots (QDs) from high multi-exciton emission and clustering effects is challenging using the conventional second-order correlation function method. Here we demonstrate a method for fast recognizing single QDs based on the probabilities of detecting single- and two-photon events. The time-tagged, time-resolved and time-correlated single-photon counting technique is applied to effectively remove multi-exciton emission and low-counting background. By this way, single QDs can be fastly recognized by the spatial coincidence-counting model. In addition, the fast recognition of single QDs by using the collected photons during the confocal scanning imaging process has been achieved synchronously.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  21. B. D. Mangum, Y. Ghosh, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “Disentangling the effects of clustering and multi-exciton emission in second-order photon correlation experiments,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7419–7426 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  22. S. L. Dong, T. Huang, Y. Liu, J. Wang, G. F. Zhang, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Fast recognition of single molecules based on single-event photon statistics,” Phys. Rev. A 76(6), 063820 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  24. X. Brokmann, G. Messin, P. Desbiolles, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermier, “Colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots as single-photon sources,” New J. Phys. 6, 99 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2017 (6)

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, G. Zhang, B. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Hiroshige, T. Ihara, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Simultaneously measured photoluminescence lifetime and quantum yield of two-photon cascade emission on single CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245307 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

F. R. Hu, B. H. Lv, C. Y. Yin, C. F. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Su, H. F. Yuan, G. Lu, S. Rocha, M. Orrit, J. Hofkens, and H. Uji-I, “Super-resolution localization and defocused fluorescence microscopy on resonantly coupled single-molecule, single-nanorod hybrids,” ACS Nano 10(2), 2455–2466 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Ristanovic, A. V. Kubarev, J. Hofkens, M. B. J. Roeffaers, and B. M. Weckhuysen, “Single molecule nanospectroscopy visualizes proton-transfer processes within a zeolite crystal,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(41), 13586–13596 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

Y. Y. Fan, H. L. Liu, R. C. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. L. Sha, and Y. Q. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. D. Ma, O. Roslyak, J. G. Duque, X. Y. Pang, S. K. Doorn, A. Piryatinski, D. H. Dunlap, and H. Htoon, “Influences of exciton diffusion and exciton-exciton annihilation on photon emission statistics of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(1), 017401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Choi, D. Hwang, H. Chung, D. Y. Kim, and D. Kim, “Controlling the spatial distribution of quantum dots in nanofiber for light-harvesting devices,” NPG Asia Mater. 7(7), e202 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

M. Orrit, T. Ha, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule optical spectroscopy,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(4), 973–976 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

H. F. Yuan, S. Khatua, P. Zijlstra, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Thousand-fold enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence near a single gold nanorod,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52(4), 1217–1221 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. D. Mangum, Y. Ghosh, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “Disentangling the effects of clustering and multi-exciton emission in second-order photon correlation experiments,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7419–7426 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. L. Dong, T. Huang, Y. Liu, J. Wang, G. F. Zhang, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Fast recognition of single molecules based on single-event photon statistics,” Phys. Rev. A 76(6), 063820 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

X. Brokmann, G. Messin, P. Desbiolles, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermier, “Colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots as single-photon sources,” New J. Phys. 6, 99 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots,” Science 290(5490), 314–317 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bakker, H. J.

F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bakulin, A. A.

F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bawendi, M. G.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots,” Science 290(5490), 314–317 (2000).
[Crossref]

Beyer, J.

T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
[Crossref]

Booth, M. J.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Brokmann, X.

X. Brokmann, G. Messin, P. Desbiolles, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermier, “Colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots as single-photon sources,” New J. Phys. 6, 99 (2004).
[Crossref]

Carmele, A.

T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
[Crossref]

Casson, J. L.

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, M. C.

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

Z. Li, G. Zhang, B. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, R. Y.

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. C.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Choi, Y. J.

Y. J. Choi, D. Hwang, H. Chung, D. Y. Kim, and D. Kim, “Controlling the spatial distribution of quantum dots in nanofiber for light-harvesting devices,” NPG Asia Mater. 7(7), e202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chung, H.

Y. J. Choi, D. Hwang, H. Chung, D. Y. Kim, and D. Kim, “Controlling the spatial distribution of quantum dots in nanofiber for light-harvesting devices,” NPG Asia Mater. 7(7), e202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Clark, G.

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dahan, M.

X. Brokmann, G. Messin, P. Desbiolles, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermier, “Colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots as single-photon sources,” New J. Phys. 6, 99 (2004).
[Crossref]

Das Sarma, S.

T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

Desbiolles, P.

X. Brokmann, G. Messin, P. Desbiolles, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermier, “Colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots as single-photon sources,” New J. Phys. 6, 99 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ding, X.

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dolan, P. R.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dong, S. L.

S. L. Dong, T. Huang, Y. Liu, J. Wang, G. F. Zhang, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Fast recognition of single molecules based on single-event photon statistics,” Phys. Rev. A 76(6), 063820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Doorn, S. K.

X. D. Ma, O. Roslyak, J. G. Duque, X. Y. Pang, S. K. Doorn, A. Piryatinski, D. H. Dunlap, and H. Htoon, “Influences of exciton diffusion and exciton-exciton annihilation on photon emission statistics of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(1), 017401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dunlap, D. H.

X. D. Ma, O. Roslyak, J. G. Duque, X. Y. Pang, S. K. Doorn, A. Piryatinski, D. H. Dunlap, and H. Htoon, “Influences of exciton diffusion and exciton-exciton annihilation on photon emission statistics of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(1), 017401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Duque, J. G.

X. D. Ma, O. Roslyak, J. G. Duque, X. Y. Pang, S. K. Doorn, A. Piryatinski, D. H. Dunlap, and H. Htoon, “Influences of exciton diffusion and exciton-exciton annihilation on photon emission statistics of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(1), 017401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Efros, A. L.

F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
[Crossref]

Eisler, H. J.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots,” Science 290(5490), 314–317 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fan, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Fan, H. L. Liu, R. C. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. L. Sha, and Y. Q. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref]

Frangeskou, A. C.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fujita, T.

T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

Z. Li, G. Zhang, B. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ghosh, Y.

Giacobino, E.

X. Brokmann, G. Messin, P. Desbiolles, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermier, “Colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots as single-photon sources,” New J. Phys. 6, 99 (2004).
[Crossref]

Green, B. L.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gschrey, M.

T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ha, T.

M. Orrit, T. Ha, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule optical spectroscopy,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(4), 973–976 (2014).
[Crossref]

Haltmeier, M.

H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, R. C.

Y. Y. Fan, H. L. Liu, R. C. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. L. Sha, and Y. Q. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, Y. M.

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Heindel, T.

T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hell, S. W.

H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hensgens, T.

T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hermier, J. P.

X. Brokmann, G. Messin, P. Desbiolles, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermier, “Colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots as single-photon sources,” New J. Phys. 6, 99 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hiroshige, N.

N. Hiroshige, T. Ihara, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Simultaneously measured photoluminescence lifetime and quantum yield of two-photon cascade emission on single CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245307 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hofkens, J.

L. Su, H. F. Yuan, G. Lu, S. Rocha, M. Orrit, J. Hofkens, and H. Uji-I, “Super-resolution localization and defocused fluorescence microscopy on resonantly coupled single-molecule, single-nanorod hybrids,” ACS Nano 10(2), 2455–2466 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Ristanovic, A. V. Kubarev, J. Hofkens, M. B. J. Roeffaers, and B. M. Weckhuysen, “Single molecule nanospectroscopy visualizes proton-transfer processes within a zeolite crystal,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(41), 13586–13596 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hollingsworth, J. A.

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. D. Mangum, Y. Ghosh, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “Disentangling the effects of clustering and multi-exciton emission in second-order photon correlation experiments,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7419–7426 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots,” Science 290(5490), 314–317 (2000).
[Crossref]

Htoon, H.

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. D. Ma, O. Roslyak, J. G. Duque, X. Y. Pang, S. K. Doorn, A. Piryatinski, D. H. Dunlap, and H. Htoon, “Influences of exciton diffusion and exciton-exciton annihilation on photon emission statistics of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(1), 017401 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. D. Mangum, Y. Ghosh, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “Disentangling the effects of clustering and multi-exciton emission in second-order photon correlation experiments,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7419–7426 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, F. R.

F. R. Hu, B. H. Lv, C. Y. Yin, C. F. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, Z.

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

Y. Y. Fan, H. L. Liu, R. C. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. L. Sha, and Y. Q. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, T.

S. L. Dong, T. Huang, Y. Liu, J. Wang, G. F. Zhang, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Fast recognition of single molecules based on single-event photon statistics,” Phys. Rev. A 76(6), 063820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hwang, D.

Y. J. Choi, D. Hwang, H. Chung, D. Y. Kim, and D. Kim, “Controlling the spatial distribution of quantum dots in nanofiber for light-harvesting devices,” NPG Asia Mater. 7(7), e202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ihara, T.

N. Hiroshige, T. Ihara, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Simultaneously measured photoluminescence lifetime and quantum yield of two-photon cascade emission on single CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245307 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ishmael, S. N.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Janssen, L.

T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jia, S.

Z. Li, G. Zhang, B. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jia, S. T.

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. L. Dong, T. Huang, Y. Liu, J. Wang, G. F. Zhang, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Fast recognition of single molecules based on single-event photon statistics,” Phys. Rev. A 76(6), 063820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y. Q.

Y. Y. Fan, H. L. Liu, R. C. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. L. Sha, and Y. Q. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref]

Johnson, S.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kanemitsu, Y.

N. Hiroshige, T. Ihara, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Simultaneously measured photoluminescence lifetime and quantum yield of two-photon cascade emission on single CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245307 (2017).
[Crossref]

Keller, J.

H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
[Crossref]

Khatua, S.

H. F. Yuan, S. Khatua, P. Zijlstra, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Thousand-fold enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence near a single gold nanorod,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52(4), 1217–1221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.

Y. J. Choi, D. Hwang, H. Chung, D. Y. Kim, and D. Kim, “Controlling the spatial distribution of quantum dots in nanofiber for light-harvesting devices,” NPG Asia Mater. 7(7), e202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. Y.

Y. J. Choi, D. Hwang, H. Chung, D. Y. Kim, and D. Kim, “Controlling the spatial distribution of quantum dots in nanofiber for light-harvesting devices,” NPG Asia Mater. 7(7), e202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Klimov, V. I.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots,” Science 290(5490), 314–317 (2000).
[Crossref]

Knauer, S.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Knorr, A.

T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
[Crossref]

Koenderink, A. F.

F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
[Crossref]

Krishnamurthy, S.

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kubarev, A. V.

Z. Ristanovic, A. V. Kubarev, J. Hofkens, M. B. J. Roeffaers, and B. M. Weckhuysen, “Single molecule nanospectroscopy visualizes proton-transfer processes within a zeolite crystal,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(41), 13586–13596 (2016).
[Crossref]

Leatherdale, C. A.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots,” Science 290(5490), 314–317 (2000).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

Z. Li, G. Zhang, B. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, G. Zhang, B. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Z. J.

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lifshitz, E.

F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. L.

Y. Y. Fan, H. L. Liu, R. C. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. L. Sha, and Y. Q. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

S. L. Dong, T. Huang, Y. Liu, J. Wang, G. F. Zhang, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Fast recognition of single molecules based on single-event photon statistics,” Phys. Rev. A 76(6), 063820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lounis, B.

F. R. Hu, B. H. Lv, C. Y. Yin, C. F. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, C. Y.

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, G.

L. Su, H. F. Yuan, G. Lu, S. Rocha, M. Orrit, J. Hofkens, and H. Uji-I, “Super-resolution localization and defocused fluorescence microscopy on resonantly coupled single-molecule, single-nanorod hybrids,” ACS Nano 10(2), 2455–2466 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lv, B. H.

F. R. Hu, B. H. Lv, C. Y. Yin, C. F. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ma, X. D.

X. D. Ma, O. Roslyak, J. G. Duque, X. Y. Pang, S. K. Doorn, A. Piryatinski, D. H. Dunlap, and H. Htoon, “Influences of exciton diffusion and exciton-exciton annihilation on photon emission statistics of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(1), 017401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Malko, A.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots,” Science 290(5490), 314–317 (2000).
[Crossref]

Malko, A. V.

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mangum, B. D.

Messin, G.

X. Brokmann, G. Messin, P. Desbiolles, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermier, “Colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots as single-photon sources,” New J. Phys. 6, 99 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mikhailovsky, A. A.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots,” Science 290(5490), 314–317 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mishra, N.

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
[Crossref]

Morley, G. W.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Munk, A.

H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
[Crossref]

Newton, M. E.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opazo, F.

H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
[Crossref]

Orfield, N. J.

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
[Crossref]

Orrit, M.

L. Su, H. F. Yuan, G. Lu, S. Rocha, M. Orrit, J. Hofkens, and H. Uji-I, “Super-resolution localization and defocused fluorescence microscopy on resonantly coupled single-molecule, single-nanorod hybrids,” ACS Nano 10(2), 2455–2466 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Orrit, T. Ha, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule optical spectroscopy,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(4), 973–976 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. F. Yuan, S. Khatua, P. Zijlstra, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Thousand-fold enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence near a single gold nanorod,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52(4), 1217–1221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pan, J. W.

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pang, X. Y.

X. D. Ma, O. Roslyak, J. G. Duque, X. Y. Pang, S. K. Doorn, A. Piryatinski, D. H. Dunlap, and H. Htoon, “Influences of exciton diffusion and exciton-exciton annihilation on photon emission statistics of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(1), 017401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Piryatinski, A.

X. D. Ma, O. Roslyak, J. G. Duque, X. Y. Pang, S. K. Doorn, A. Piryatinski, D. H. Dunlap, and H. Htoon, “Influences of exciton diffusion and exciton-exciton annihilation on photon emission statistics of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(1), 017401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qin, C.

Z. Li, G. Zhang, B. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

Qin, C. B.

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rabouw, F. T.

F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rarity, J. G.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
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T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
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T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
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L. Su, H. F. Yuan, G. Lu, S. Rocha, M. Orrit, J. Hofkens, and H. Uji-I, “Super-resolution localization and defocused fluorescence microscopy on resonantly coupled single-molecule, single-nanorod hybrids,” ACS Nano 10(2), 2455–2466 (2016).
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Rodina, A.

F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
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Rodt, S.

T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
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Roeffaers, M. B. J.

Z. Ristanovic, A. V. Kubarev, J. Hofkens, M. B. J. Roeffaers, and B. M. Weckhuysen, “Single molecule nanospectroscopy visualizes proton-transfer processes within a zeolite crystal,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(41), 13586–13596 (2016).
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H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
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Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
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M. Orrit, T. Ha, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule optical spectroscopy,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(4), 973–976 (2014).
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Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
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T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
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T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
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H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
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L. Su, H. F. Yuan, G. Lu, S. Rocha, M. Orrit, J. Hofkens, and H. Uji-I, “Super-resolution localization and defocused fluorescence microscopy on resonantly coupled single-molecule, single-nanorod hybrids,” ACS Nano 10(2), 2455–2466 (2016).
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N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
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H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
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T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
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Tinnefeld, P.

H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
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L. Su, H. F. Yuan, G. Lu, S. Rocha, M. Orrit, J. Hofkens, and H. Uji-I, “Super-resolution localization and defocused fluorescence microscopy on resonantly coupled single-molecule, single-nanorod hybrids,” ACS Nano 10(2), 2455–2466 (2016).
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T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
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F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
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Vandersypen, L. M. K.

T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
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F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
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Vaxenburg, R.

F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
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T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
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Wang, F.

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
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Wang, J.

S. L. Dong, T. Huang, Y. Liu, J. Wang, G. F. Zhang, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Fast recognition of single molecules based on single-event photon statistics,” Phys. Rev. A 76(6), 063820 (2007).
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Wang, X.

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
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Wang, X. Y.

F. R. Hu, B. H. Lv, C. Y. Yin, C. F. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
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Wang, Z.

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
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Weckhuysen, B. M.

Z. Ristanovic, A. V. Kubarev, J. Hofkens, M. B. J. Roeffaers, and B. M. Weckhuysen, “Single molecule nanospectroscopy visualizes proton-transfer processes within a zeolite crystal,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(41), 13586–13596 (2016).
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T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
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Wei, Y. J.

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
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Weng, L. Y.

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
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Xiao, L.

Z. Li, G. Zhang, B. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
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G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
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Xiao, L. T.

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
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S. L. Dong, T. Huang, Y. Liu, J. Wang, G. F. Zhang, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Fast recognition of single molecules based on single-event photon statistics,” Phys. Rev. A 76(6), 063820 (2007).
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Xiao, M.

F. R. Hu, B. H. Lv, C. Y. Yin, C. F. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
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V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots,” Science 290(5490), 314–317 (2000).
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Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, W.

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yin, C. Y.

F. R. Hu, B. H. Lv, C. Y. Yin, C. F. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
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Yorulmaz, M.

H. F. Yuan, S. Khatua, P. Zijlstra, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Thousand-fold enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence near a single gold nanorod,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52(4), 1217–1221 (2013).
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Yuan, H. F.

L. Su, H. F. Yuan, G. Lu, S. Rocha, M. Orrit, J. Hofkens, and H. Uji-I, “Super-resolution localization and defocused fluorescence microscopy on resonantly coupled single-molecule, single-nanorod hybrids,” ACS Nano 10(2), 2455–2466 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. F. Yuan, S. Khatua, P. Zijlstra, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Thousand-fold enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence near a single gold nanorod,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52(4), 1217–1221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C. F.

F. R. Hu, B. H. Lv, C. Y. Yin, C. F. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

Z. Li, G. Zhang, B. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G. F.

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. L. Dong, T. Huang, Y. Liu, J. Wang, G. F. Zhang, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Fast recognition of single molecules based on single-event photon statistics,” Phys. Rev. A 76(6), 063820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zijlstra, P.

H. F. Yuan, S. Khatua, P. Zijlstra, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Thousand-fold enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence near a single gold nanorod,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52(4), 1217–1221 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (2)

L. Su, H. F. Yuan, G. Lu, S. Rocha, M. Orrit, J. Hofkens, and H. Uji-I, “Super-resolution localization and defocused fluorescence microscopy on resonantly coupled single-molecule, single-nanorod hybrids,” ACS Nano 10(2), 2455–2466 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. T. Rabouw, R. Vaxenburg, A. A. Bakulin, R. J. A. van Dijk-Moes, H. J. Bakker, A. Rodina, E. Lifshitz, A. L. Efros, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Dynamics of intraband and interband auger processes in colloidal core-shell quantum dots,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10366–10376 (2015).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (1)

H. F. Yuan, S. Khatua, P. Zijlstra, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Thousand-fold enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence near a single gold nanorod,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52(4), 1217–1221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Li, G. Zhang, B. Li, R. Chen, C. Qin, Y. Gao, L. Xiao, and S. Jia, “Enhanced biexciton emission from single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(15), 153106 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

M. Orrit, T. Ha, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule optical spectroscopy,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(4), 973–976 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

Z. Ristanovic, A. V. Kubarev, J. Hofkens, M. B. J. Roeffaers, and B. M. Weckhuysen, “Single molecule nanospectroscopy visualizes proton-transfer processes within a zeolite crystal,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138(41), 13586–13596 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (3)

N. Mishra, N. J. Orfield, F. Wang, Z. Hu, S. Krishnamurthy, A. V. Malko, J. L. Casson, H. Htoon, M. Sykora, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Using shape to turn off blinking for two-colour multiexciton emission in CdSe/CdS tetrapods,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15083 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Ta, J. Keller, M. Haltmeier, S. K. Saka, J. Schmied, F. Opazo, P. Tinnefeld, A. Munk, and S. W. Hell, “Mapping molecules in scanning far-field fluorescence nanoscopy,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7977 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Heindel, A. Thoma, M. von Helversen, M. Schmidt, A. Schlehahn, M. Gschrey, P. Schnauber, J. H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, J. Beyer, S. Rodt, A. Carmele, A. Knorr, and S. Reitzenstein, “A bright triggered twin-photon source in the solid state,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14870 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

Y. M. He, G. Clark, J. R. Schaibley, Y. He, M. C. Chen, Y. J. Wei, X. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Yao, X. Xu, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 497–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

Y. C. Chen, P. S. Salter, S. Knauer, L. Y. Weng, A. C. Frangeskou, C. J. Stephen, S. N. Ishmael, P. R. Dolan, S. Johnson, B. L. Green, G. W. Morley, M. E. Newton, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Booth, and J. M. Smith, “Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond,” Nat. Photonics 11(2), 77–80 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

T. Hensgens, T. Fujita, L. Janssen, X. Li, C. J. Van Diepen, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, S. Das Sarma, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Quantum simulation of a Fermi-Hubbard model using a semiconductor quantum dot array,” Nature 548(7665), 70–73 (2017).
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New J. Phys. (1)

X. Brokmann, G. Messin, P. Desbiolles, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermier, “Colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots as single-photon sources,” New J. Phys. 6, 99 (2004).
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NPG Asia Mater. (1)

Y. J. Choi, D. Hwang, H. Chung, D. Y. Kim, and D. Kim, “Controlling the spatial distribution of quantum dots in nanofiber for light-harvesting devices,” NPG Asia Mater. 7(7), e202 (2015).
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Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Zhang, L. Xiao, F. Zhang, X. Wang, and S. Jia, “Single molecules reorientation reveals the dynamics of polymer glasses surface,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(10), 2308–2312 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. L. Dong, T. Huang, Y. Liu, J. Wang, G. F. Zhang, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Fast recognition of single molecules based on single-event photon statistics,” Phys. Rev. A 76(6), 063820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

N. Hiroshige, T. Ihara, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Simultaneously measured photoluminescence lifetime and quantum yield of two-photon cascade emission on single CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245307 (2017).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

F. R. Hu, B. H. Lv, C. Y. Yin, C. F. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, B. Lounis, and M. Xiao, “Carrier multiplication in a single semiconductor nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106404 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. D. Ma, O. Roslyak, J. G. Duque, X. Y. Pang, S. K. Doorn, A. Piryatinski, D. H. Dunlap, and H. Htoon, “Influences of exciton diffusion and exciton-exciton annihilation on photon emission statistics of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(1), 017401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

Y. Y. Fan, H. L. Liu, R. C. Han, L. Huang, H. Shi, Y. L. Sha, and Y. Q. Jiang, “Extremely high brightness from polymer-encapsulated quantum dots for two-photon cellular and deep-tissue imaging,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9908 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, Z. Wang, Z. J. Li, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Suppressing the fluorescence blinking of single quantum dots encased in N-type semiconductor nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32662 (2016).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots,” Science 290(5490), 314–317 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

B. Li, G. F. Zhang, M. Y. Jing, R. Y. Chen, C. B. Qin, Y. Gao, L. T. Xiao, and S. T. Jia, “Single molecule optical-probes measured power law distribution of polymer dynamics,” Acta Phys. Sin.-ch. ed. 65, 218201 (2016).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of photon-counting measurement and theoretical calculation of the number of emitters n. (a) Schematic for single-photon events and two-photon events. The red and blue circular points represent photons detected by two detectors, respectively. GDT is gate delay time with respect to the laser pulses. (b) The number n of single emitters calculated by the probabilities of single- and two-photon detection events, f1 and f2, based on the spatial coincidence-counting model.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Typical PL decay curve (green) of single CdSe/ZnS alloyed QDs, and the corresponding fitting curve (blue). The red line is the instrument response function of the system. (b) Typical first-photon decay curve (green) extracted from the two-photon detection events, and the corresponding monoexponential fitting curve (blue). (c) The calculated number n of emitters as a function of GDT and the values of n gradually approach 1 with the increasing GDT.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Fast recognition the number n of QDs during confocal scanning imaging. (a, b) Typical example of images of single- and two-photon detection events of QDs on a glass coverslip. (c) Gated two-photon detection events of QDs extracted from (b) with GDT of 8 ns. (d) PL intensity trace reconstructed by extracting arrival time of photons from all the pixels of bright spot C, and a threshold of 30 counts/ms is used to remove the low-counting state. (e) Calculated n with corresponding values of f1 and f2, for the spots marked by cyan and green circles in (a-c). (f) Distribution of the number n of QDs in the confocal image. The cyan and yellow circles marked with 1 and 2 represent for single QDs and QD clusters, respectively. H and L are the maximum and minimum values of the intensity scale, respectively. 200 × 200, 80 nm imaging pixels and scale bars of 3 μm. The pixel dwell time is 60 ms.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Typical PL intensity trace of single CdSe/ZnS alloyed QDs with a bin time of 1 ms, and the corresponding PL intensity histogram. The blue dash line is a threshold to separate the high-counting states and low-counting states. (b) The intensity trace with high-counting states.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Typical intensity trace of background and dark counts (Nb). (b) The corresponding decay curve of Nb. (c) Nb as a function of GDT. (d) The second-order correlation function of Nb.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Typical second-order correlation function, g(2)(τ), of single CdSe/ZnS alloyed QDs with g(2)(0) of 0.68. (b) Red squares: the ratio of the central and side peak (RTG) of g(2)(τ) function as a function of GDT. Blue circles: the calculated number n of QDs as a function of GDT. (c) g(2)(τ) plot after GDT of 8 ns.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The original second-order correlation function curves (black) and time-gated second-order correlation function curves with GDT of 8 ns (red) for spots A-E (a-e).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) The histogram of the SX lifetime values. (b) Calculated n as a function of GDT for the same single QD measured at 5 MHz and 10 MHz.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Red circles: the calculated number n of emitters as a function of GDT. Blue curve: the calculated CDF of the first-photon emission.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 The various values used for the calculation of the number n of QDs marked in Figs. 3(a)-3(c).

Equations (4)

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f 1 =nph(rs) [ 1ph(rs) ] n1 f 2 =βC(n,2) [ph(rs)] 2 [ 1ph(rs) ] n2
n= f 1 2 f 1 2 4 f 2 .
N total =S+ N b + N cross ± N total ,
N c = S 2 + 1 2 N b Ft N total + N cross ± N c ,

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