Abstract

A fanshaped structure is proposed to achieve a continuously tunable polymer laser. The structure with gradual periods is fabricated by electron beam lithography, which acts as a distributed feedback cavity for the polymer laser. A light-emitting polymer is spin-coated on the cavity to form an active layer. The pump beam is focused by a cylindrical lens to a narrow stripe on the sample surface. When the position of the pump stripe on the fanshaped cavity is changed from long period (370 nm) to short period (340 nm) and vice versa, the output wavelength of the laser is continuously tuned from 584 nm to 552 nm. Tuning behavior can be interpreted by the Bragg condition. These results can be used to explore compact laser sources.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Gain optimization, bleaching, and e-beam structuring of IR-140 doped PMMA and integration with plasmonic waveguides

Maude Amyot-Bourgeois, Elham Karami Keshmarzi, Choloong Hahn, R. Niall Tait, and Pierre Berini
Opt. Mater. Express 7(11) 3963-3978 (2017)

Fabrication of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a grating structure in its plastic waveguide

Yuji Oki, Takeshi Yoshiura, Yuichi Chisaki, and Mitsuo Maeda
Appl. Opt. 41(24) 5030-5035 (2002)

Nanosecond colloidal quantum dot lasers for sensing

B. Guilhabert, C. Foucher, A-M. Haughey, E. Mutlugun, Y. Gao, J. Herrnsdorf, H.D. Sun, H.V. Demir, M.D. Dawson, and N. Laurand
Opt. Express 22(6) 7308-7319 (2014)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. I. D. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Polymer lasers: recent advances,” Mater. Today 7(9), 28–35 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, and G. Kofod, “Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4265–4269 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. T. Zhai, Y. Wang, L. Chen, and X. Zhang, “Direct writing of tunable multi-wavelength polymer lasers on a flexible substrate,” Nanoscale 7(29), 12312–12317 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. B. Wenger, N. Tétreault, M. Welland, and R. Friend, “Mechanically tunable conjugated polymer distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193303 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, Y. Chen, A. Kanibolotsky, A. Mackintosh, R. Pethrick, P. Skabara, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. Dawson, “Flexible blue-emitting encapsulated organic semiconductor DFB laser,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25535–25545 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. S. Kazuharu, T. Kunimitsu, S. Yoshimi, S. Kouki, K. Mikio, and T. Yoshio, “A continuously tunable organic solid-state laser based on a flexible distributed-feedback resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L249–L251 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously color-tunable rubber laser,” Adv. Mater. 16(2), 130–133 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. P. Görrn, M. Lehnhardt, W. Kowalsky, T. Riedl, and S. Wagner, “Elastically tunable self-organized organic lasers,” Adv. Mater. 23(7), 869–872 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  12. N. Tsutsumi and A. Fujihara, “Tunable distributed feedback lasing with narrowed emission using holographic dynamic gratings in a polymeric waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(6), 061101 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  13. K. Y. Yu, S. H. Chang, C. R. Lee, T. Y. Hsu, and C. T. Kuo, “Thermally tunable liquid crystal distributed feedback laser based on a polymer grating with nanogrooves fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 234–240 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Stroisch, T. Woggon, C. Teiwes-Morin, S. Klinkhammer, K. Forberich, A. Gombert, M. Gerken, and U. Lemmer, “Intermediate high index layer for laser mode tuning in organic semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5890–5895 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. S. Klinkhammer, X. Liu, K. Huska, Y. Shen, S. Vanderheiden, S. Valouch, C. Vannahme, S. Bräse, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Continuously tunable solution-processed organic semiconductor DFB lasers pumped by laser diode,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6357–6364 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. S. Klinkhammer, T. Woggon, U. Geyer, C. Vannahme, S. Dehm, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “A continuously tunable low-threshold organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser fabricated by rotating shadow mask evaporation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(4), 787–791 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  17. B. Schütte, H. Gothe, S. I. Hintschich, M. Sudzius, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, and K. Leo, “Continuously tunable laser emission from a wedge-shaped organic microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163309 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  18. W. Huang, Z. Diao, L. Yao, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Xuan, “Electrically tunable distributed feedback laser emission from scaffolding morphologic holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal grating,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022702 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. H. Song, B. Wenger, and R. H. Friend, “Tuning the wavelength of lasing emission in organic semiconducting laser by the orientation of liquid crystalline conjugated polymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033107 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  21. O. Ryotaro, S. Toshikazu, Y. Katsumi, O. Masanori, and M. Hiroshi, “Tunable liquid crystal laser using distributed feedback cavity fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Express 1(1), 012003 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. W. Huang, C. Yuan, D. Shen, and Z. Zheng, “Dynamically manipulated lasing enabled by a reconfigured fingerprint texture of a cholesteric self-organized superstructure,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(28), 6923–6928 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. Camposeo, P. Del Carro, L. Persano, and D. Pisignano, “Electrically tunable organic distributed feedback lasers embedding nonlinear optical molecules,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP221–OP225 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. F. B. Arango, M. B. Christiansen, M. Gersborg-Hansen, and A. Kristensen, “Optofluidic tuning of photonic crystal band edge lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(22), 223503 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  26. M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  27. T. Zhai, X. Wu, F. Tong, S. Li, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Multi-wavelength lasing in a beat structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(26), 261906 (2016).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

W. Huang, C. Yuan, D. Shen, and Z. Zheng, “Dynamically manipulated lasing enabled by a reconfigured fingerprint texture of a cholesteric self-organized superstructure,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(28), 6923–6928 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

T. Zhai, X. Wu, F. Tong, S. Li, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Multi-wavelength lasing in a beat structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(26), 261906 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Zhai, Y. Wang, L. Chen, and X. Zhang, “Direct writing of tunable multi-wavelength polymer lasers on a flexible substrate,” Nanoscale 7(29), 12312–12317 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

W. Huang, Z. Diao, L. Yao, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Xuan, “Electrically tunable distributed feedback laser emission from scaffolding morphologic holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal grating,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022702 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

S. Klinkhammer, X. Liu, K. Huska, Y. Shen, S. Vanderheiden, S. Valouch, C. Vannahme, S. Bräse, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Continuously tunable solution-processed organic semiconductor DFB lasers pumped by laser diode,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6357–6364 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Camposeo, P. Del Carro, L. Persano, and D. Pisignano, “Electrically tunable organic distributed feedback lasers embedding nonlinear optical molecules,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP221–OP225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, and G. Kofod, “Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4265–4269 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Görrn, M. Lehnhardt, W. Kowalsky, T. Riedl, and S. Wagner, “Elastically tunable self-organized organic lasers,” Adv. Mater. 23(7), 869–872 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

S. Klinkhammer, T. Woggon, U. Geyer, C. Vannahme, S. Dehm, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “A continuously tunable low-threshold organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser fabricated by rotating shadow mask evaporation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(4), 787–791 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

B. Schütte, H. Gothe, S. I. Hintschich, M. Sudzius, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, and K. Leo, “Continuously tunable laser emission from a wedge-shaped organic microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163309 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Wenger, and R. H. Friend, “Tuning the wavelength of lasing emission in organic semiconducting laser by the orientation of liquid crystalline conjugated polymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033107 (2008).
[Crossref]

O. Ryotaro, S. Toshikazu, Y. Katsumi, O. Masanori, and M. Hiroshi, “Tunable liquid crystal laser using distributed feedback cavity fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Express 1(1), 012003 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

F. B. Arango, M. B. Christiansen, M. Gersborg-Hansen, and A. Kristensen, “Optofluidic tuning of photonic crystal band edge lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(22), 223503 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

N. Tsutsumi and A. Fujihara, “Tunable distributed feedback lasing with narrowed emission using holographic dynamic gratings in a polymeric waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(6), 061101 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

I. D. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Polymer lasers: recent advances,” Mater. Today 7(9), 28–35 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously color-tunable rubber laser,” Adv. Mater. 16(2), 130–133 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Kazuharu, T. Kunimitsu, S. Yoshimi, S. Kouki, K. Mikio, and T. Yoshio, “A continuously tunable organic solid-state laser based on a flexible distributed-feedback resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L249–L251 (2003).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ade, G.

J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
[Crossref]

Arango, F. B.

F. B. Arango, M. B. Christiansen, M. Gersborg-Hansen, and A. Kristensen, “Optofluidic tuning of photonic crystal band edge lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(22), 223503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Becker, E.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Benstem, T.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Berggren, M.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bocksrocker, T.

S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bräse, S.

Camposeo, A.

A. Camposeo, P. Del Carro, L. Persano, and D. Pisignano, “Electrically tunable organic distributed feedback lasers embedding nonlinear optical molecules,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP221–OP225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, Z.

W. Huang, Z. Diao, L. Yao, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Xuan, “Electrically tunable distributed feedback laser emission from scaffolding morphologic holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal grating,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chang, S. H.

Chen, L.

T. Zhai, Y. Wang, L. Chen, and X. Zhang, “Direct writing of tunable multi-wavelength polymer lasers on a flexible substrate,” Nanoscale 7(29), 12312–12317 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Christiansen, M. B.

F. B. Arango, M. B. Christiansen, M. Gersborg-Hansen, and A. Kristensen, “Optofluidic tuning of photonic crystal band edge lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(22), 223503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dawson, M.

Dehm, S.

S. Klinkhammer, T. Woggon, U. Geyer, C. Vannahme, S. Dehm, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “A continuously tunable low-threshold organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser fabricated by rotating shadow mask evaporation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(4), 787–791 (2009).
[Crossref]

Del Carro, P.

A. Camposeo, P. Del Carro, L. Persano, and D. Pisignano, “Electrically tunable organic distributed feedback lasers embedding nonlinear optical molecules,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP221–OP225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diao, Z.

W. Huang, Z. Diao, L. Yao, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Xuan, “Electrically tunable distributed feedback laser emission from scaffolding morphologic holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal grating,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dobbertin, T.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dodabalapur, A.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Döring, S.

S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, and G. Kofod, “Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4265–4269 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forberich, K.

Friend, R.

B. Wenger, N. Tétreault, M. Welland, and R. Friend, “Mechanically tunable conjugated polymer distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193303 (2010).
[Crossref]

Friend, R. H.

M. H. Song, B. Wenger, and R. H. Friend, “Tuning the wavelength of lasing emission in organic semiconducting laser by the orientation of liquid crystalline conjugated polymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fröb, H.

B. Schütte, H. Gothe, S. I. Hintschich, M. Sudzius, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, and K. Leo, “Continuously tunable laser emission from a wedge-shaped organic microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163309 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fujihara, A.

N. Tsutsumi and A. Fujihara, “Tunable distributed feedback lasing with narrowed emission using holographic dynamic gratings in a polymeric waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(6), 061101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Geislhöringer, F.

S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gerhard, A.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gerken, M.

Gersborg-Hansen, M.

F. B. Arango, M. B. Christiansen, M. Gersborg-Hansen, and A. Kristensen, “Optofluidic tuning of photonic crystal band edge lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(22), 223503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Geyer, U.

S. Klinkhammer, T. Woggon, U. Geyer, C. Vannahme, S. Dehm, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “A continuously tunable low-threshold organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser fabricated by rotating shadow mask evaporation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(4), 787–791 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gombert, A.

Görrn, P.

P. Görrn, M. Lehnhardt, W. Kowalsky, T. Riedl, and S. Wagner, “Elastically tunable self-organized organic lasers,” Adv. Mater. 23(7), 869–872 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gothe, H.

B. Schütte, H. Gothe, S. I. Hintschich, M. Sudzius, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, and K. Leo, “Continuously tunable laser emission from a wedge-shaped organic microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163309 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gu, E.

Guilhabert, B.

Haase, A.

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously color-tunable rubber laser,” Adv. Mater. 16(2), 130–133 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, S.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Heithecker, D.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Herrnsdorf, J.

Heussner, N.

S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hintschich, S. I.

B. Schütte, H. Gothe, S. I. Hintschich, M. Sudzius, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, and K. Leo, “Continuously tunable laser emission from a wedge-shaped organic microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163309 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hinze, P.

J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hiroshi, M.

O. Ryotaro, S. Toshikazu, Y. Katsumi, O. Masanori, and M. Hiroshi, “Tunable liquid crystal laser using distributed feedback cavity fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Express 1(1), 012003 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hsu, T. Y.

Hu, W.

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, W.

W. Huang, C. Yuan, D. Shen, and Z. Zheng, “Dynamically manipulated lasing enabled by a reconfigured fingerprint texture of a cholesteric self-organized superstructure,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(28), 6923–6928 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Huang, Z. Diao, L. Yao, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Xuan, “Electrically tunable distributed feedback laser emission from scaffolding morphologic holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal grating,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huska, K.

S. Klinkhammer, X. Liu, K. Huska, Y. Shen, S. Vanderheiden, S. Valouch, C. Vannahme, S. Bräse, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Continuously tunable solution-processed organic semiconductor DFB lasers pumped by laser diode,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6357–6364 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Johannes, H. H.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Johannes, H.-H.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kanibolotsky, A.

Katsumi, Y.

O. Ryotaro, S. Toshikazu, Y. Katsumi, O. Masanori, and M. Hiroshi, “Tunable liquid crystal laser using distributed feedback cavity fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Express 1(1), 012003 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kazuharu, S.

S. Kazuharu, T. Kunimitsu, S. Yoshimi, S. Kouki, K. Mikio, and T. Yoshio, “A continuously tunable organic solid-state laser based on a flexible distributed-feedback resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L249–L251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kern, W.

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously color-tunable rubber laser,” Adv. Mater. 16(2), 130–133 (2004).
[Crossref]

Klinkhammer, S.

S. Klinkhammer, X. Liu, K. Huska, Y. Shen, S. Vanderheiden, S. Valouch, C. Vannahme, S. Bräse, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Continuously tunable solution-processed organic semiconductor DFB lasers pumped by laser diode,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6357–6364 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Stroisch, T. Woggon, C. Teiwes-Morin, S. Klinkhammer, K. Forberich, A. Gombert, M. Gerken, and U. Lemmer, “Intermediate high index layer for laser mode tuning in organic semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5890–5895 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Klinkhammer, T. Woggon, U. Geyer, C. Vannahme, S. Dehm, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “A continuously tunable low-threshold organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser fabricated by rotating shadow mask evaporation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(4), 787–791 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kofod, G.

S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, and G. Kofod, “Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4265–4269 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kollosche, M.

S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, and G. Kofod, “Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4265–4269 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kouki, S.

S. Kazuharu, T. Kunimitsu, S. Yoshimi, S. Kouki, K. Mikio, and T. Yoshio, “A continuously tunable organic solid-state laser based on a flexible distributed-feedback resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L249–L251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kowalsky, W.

P. Görrn, M. Lehnhardt, W. Kowalsky, T. Riedl, and S. Wagner, “Elastically tunable self-organized organic lasers,” Adv. Mater. 23(7), 869–872 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kristensen, A.

F. B. Arango, M. B. Christiansen, M. Gersborg-Hansen, and A. Kristensen, “Optofluidic tuning of photonic crystal band edge lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(22), 223503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kröger, M.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kunimitsu, T.

S. Kazuharu, T. Kunimitsu, S. Yoshimi, S. Kouki, K. Mikio, and T. Yoshio, “A continuously tunable organic solid-state laser based on a flexible distributed-feedback resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L249–L251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kuo, C. T.

Langer, G.

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously color-tunable rubber laser,” Adv. Mater. 16(2), 130–133 (2004).
[Crossref]

Laurand, N.

Lee, C. R.

Lehnhardt, M.

P. Görrn, M. Lehnhardt, W. Kowalsky, T. Riedl, and S. Wagner, “Elastically tunable self-organized organic lasers,” Adv. Mater. 23(7), 869–872 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lemmer, U.

S. Klinkhammer, X. Liu, K. Huska, Y. Shen, S. Vanderheiden, S. Valouch, C. Vannahme, S. Bräse, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Continuously tunable solution-processed organic semiconductor DFB lasers pumped by laser diode,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6357–6364 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Stroisch, T. Woggon, C. Teiwes-Morin, S. Klinkhammer, K. Forberich, A. Gombert, M. Gerken, and U. Lemmer, “Intermediate high index layer for laser mode tuning in organic semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5890–5895 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Klinkhammer, T. Woggon, U. Geyer, C. Vannahme, S. Dehm, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “A continuously tunable low-threshold organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser fabricated by rotating shadow mask evaporation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(4), 787–791 (2009).
[Crossref]

Leo, K.

B. Schütte, H. Gothe, S. I. Hintschich, M. Sudzius, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, and K. Leo, “Continuously tunable laser emission from a wedge-shaped organic microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163309 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

T. Zhai, X. Wu, F. Tong, S. Li, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Multi-wavelength lasing in a beat structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(26), 261906 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

W. Huang, Z. Diao, L. Yao, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Xuan, “Electrically tunable distributed feedback laser emission from scaffolding morphologic holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal grating,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lyssenko, V. G.

B. Schütte, H. Gothe, S. I. Hintschich, M. Sudzius, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, and K. Leo, “Continuously tunable laser emission from a wedge-shaped organic microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163309 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

W. Huang, Z. Diao, L. Yao, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Xuan, “Electrically tunable distributed feedback laser emission from scaffolding morphologic holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal grating,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mackintosh, A.

Mappes, T.

S. Klinkhammer, X. Liu, K. Huska, Y. Shen, S. Vanderheiden, S. Valouch, C. Vannahme, S. Bräse, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Continuously tunable solution-processed organic semiconductor DFB lasers pumped by laser diode,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6357–6364 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Klinkhammer, T. Woggon, U. Geyer, C. Vannahme, S. Dehm, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “A continuously tunable low-threshold organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser fabricated by rotating shadow mask evaporation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(4), 787–791 (2009).
[Crossref]

Masanori, O.

O. Ryotaro, S. Toshikazu, Y. Katsumi, O. Masanori, and M. Hiroshi, “Tunable liquid crystal laser using distributed feedback cavity fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Express 1(1), 012003 (2008).
[Crossref]

Metzdorf, D.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mikio, K.

S. Kazuharu, T. Kunimitsu, S. Yoshimi, S. Kouki, K. Mikio, and T. Yoshio, “A continuously tunable organic solid-state laser based on a flexible distributed-feedback resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L249–L251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nalamasu, O.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Persano, L.

A. Camposeo, P. Del Carro, L. Persano, and D. Pisignano, “Electrically tunable organic distributed feedback lasers embedding nonlinear optical molecules,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP221–OP225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pethrick, R.

Pisignano, D.

A. Camposeo, P. Del Carro, L. Persano, and D. Pisignano, “Electrically tunable organic distributed feedback lasers embedding nonlinear optical molecules,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP221–OP225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pogantsch, A.

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously color-tunable rubber laser,” Adv. Mater. 16(2), 130–133 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rabe, T.

S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, and G. Kofod, “Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4265–4269 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

Riedl, T.

P. Görrn, M. Lehnhardt, W. Kowalsky, T. Riedl, and S. Wagner, “Elastically tunable self-organized organic lasers,” Adv. Mater. 23(7), 869–872 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ryotaro, O.

O. Ryotaro, S. Toshikazu, Y. Katsumi, O. Masanori, and M. Hiroshi, “Tunable liquid crystal laser using distributed feedback cavity fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Express 1(1), 012003 (2008).
[Crossref]

Samuel, I. D.

I. D. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Polymer lasers: recent advances,” Mater. Today 7(9), 28–35 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schneider, D.

J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schütte, B.

B. Schütte, H. Gothe, S. I. Hintschich, M. Sudzius, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, and K. Leo, “Continuously tunable laser emission from a wedge-shaped organic microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163309 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

W. Huang, C. Yuan, D. Shen, and Z. Zheng, “Dynamically manipulated lasing enabled by a reconfigured fingerprint texture of a cholesteric self-organized superstructure,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(28), 6923–6928 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y.

Skabara, P.

Slusher, R.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Song, M. H.

M. H. Song, B. Wenger, and R. H. Friend, “Tuning the wavelength of lasing emission in organic semiconducting laser by the orientation of liquid crystalline conjugated polymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stössel, P.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stroisch, M.

Stumpe, J.

S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, and G. Kofod, “Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4265–4269 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sudzius, M.

B. Schütte, H. Gothe, S. I. Hintschich, M. Sudzius, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, and K. Leo, “Continuously tunable laser emission from a wedge-shaped organic microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163309 (2008).
[Crossref]

Teiwes-Morin, C.

Tétreault, N.

B. Wenger, N. Tétreault, M. Welland, and R. Friend, “Mechanically tunable conjugated polymer distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193303 (2010).
[Crossref]

Timko, A.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tong, F.

T. Zhai, X. Wu, F. Tong, S. Li, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Multi-wavelength lasing in a beat structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(26), 261906 (2016).
[Crossref]

Toshikazu, S.

O. Ryotaro, S. Toshikazu, Y. Katsumi, O. Masanori, and M. Hiroshi, “Tunable liquid crystal laser using distributed feedback cavity fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Express 1(1), 012003 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tsutsumi, N.

N. Tsutsumi and A. Fujihara, “Tunable distributed feedback lasing with narrowed emission using holographic dynamic gratings in a polymeric waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(6), 061101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Turnbull, G. A.

I. D. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Polymer lasers: recent advances,” Mater. Today 7(9), 28–35 (2004).
[Crossref]

Valouch, S.

Vanderheiden, S.

Vannahme, C.

S. Klinkhammer, X. Liu, K. Huska, Y. Shen, S. Vanderheiden, S. Valouch, C. Vannahme, S. Bräse, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Continuously tunable solution-processed organic semiconductor DFB lasers pumped by laser diode,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6357–6364 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Klinkhammer, T. Woggon, U. Geyer, C. Vannahme, S. Dehm, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “A continuously tunable low-threshold organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser fabricated by rotating shadow mask evaporation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(4), 787–791 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vestweber, H.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wagner, S.

P. Görrn, M. Lehnhardt, W. Kowalsky, T. Riedl, and S. Wagner, “Elastically tunable self-organized organic lasers,” Adv. Mater. 23(7), 869–872 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

T. Zhai, X. Wu, F. Tong, S. Li, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Multi-wavelength lasing in a beat structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(26), 261906 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

T. Zhai, Y. Wang, L. Chen, and X. Zhang, “Direct writing of tunable multi-wavelength polymer lasers on a flexible substrate,” Nanoscale 7(29), 12312–12317 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weimann, T.

J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

Weinberger, M. R.

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously color-tunable rubber laser,” Adv. Mater. 16(2), 130–133 (2004).
[Crossref]

Welland, M.

B. Wenger, N. Tétreault, M. Welland, and R. Friend, “Mechanically tunable conjugated polymer distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193303 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wenger, B.

B. Wenger, N. Tétreault, M. Welland, and R. Friend, “Mechanically tunable conjugated polymer distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193303 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Wenger, and R. H. Friend, “Tuning the wavelength of lasing emission in organic semiconducting laser by the orientation of liquid crystalline conjugated polymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Werner, O.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

Woggon, T.

M. Stroisch, T. Woggon, C. Teiwes-Morin, S. Klinkhammer, K. Forberich, A. Gombert, M. Gerken, and U. Lemmer, “Intermediate high index layer for laser mode tuning in organic semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5890–5895 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Klinkhammer, T. Woggon, U. Geyer, C. Vannahme, S. Dehm, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “A continuously tunable low-threshold organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser fabricated by rotating shadow mask evaporation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(4), 787–791 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

T. Zhai, X. Wu, F. Tong, S. Li, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Multi-wavelength lasing in a beat structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(26), 261906 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xuan, L.

W. Huang, Z. Diao, L. Yao, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Xuan, “Electrically tunable distributed feedback laser emission from scaffolding morphologic holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal grating,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yao, L.

W. Huang, Z. Diao, L. Yao, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Xuan, “Electrically tunable distributed feedback laser emission from scaffolding morphologic holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal grating,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yoshimi, S.

S. Kazuharu, T. Kunimitsu, S. Yoshimi, S. Kouki, K. Mikio, and T. Yoshio, “A continuously tunable organic solid-state laser based on a flexible distributed-feedback resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L249–L251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yoshio, T.

S. Kazuharu, T. Kunimitsu, S. Yoshimi, S. Kouki, K. Mikio, and T. Yoshio, “A continuously tunable organic solid-state laser based on a flexible distributed-feedback resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L249–L251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yu, K. Y.

Yuan, C.

W. Huang, C. Yuan, D. Shen, and Z. Zheng, “Dynamically manipulated lasing enabled by a reconfigured fingerprint texture of a cholesteric self-organized superstructure,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(28), 6923–6928 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhai, T.

T. Zhai, X. Wu, F. Tong, S. Li, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Multi-wavelength lasing in a beat structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(26), 261906 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Zhai, Y. Wang, L. Chen, and X. Zhang, “Direct writing of tunable multi-wavelength polymer lasers on a flexible substrate,” Nanoscale 7(29), 12312–12317 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

T. Zhai, X. Wu, F. Tong, S. Li, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Multi-wavelength lasing in a beat structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(26), 261906 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Zhai, Y. Wang, L. Chen, and X. Zhang, “Direct writing of tunable multi-wavelength polymer lasers on a flexible substrate,” Nanoscale 7(29), 12312–12317 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Z.

W. Huang, C. Yuan, D. Shen, and Z. Zheng, “Dynamically manipulated lasing enabled by a reconfigured fingerprint texture of a cholesteric self-organized superstructure,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(28), 6923–6928 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zojer, E.

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously color-tunable rubber laser,” Adv. Mater. 16(2), 130–133 (2004).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (4)

S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, and G. Kofod, “Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4265–4269 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously color-tunable rubber laser,” Adv. Mater. 16(2), 130–133 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. Görrn, M. Lehnhardt, W. Kowalsky, T. Riedl, and S. Wagner, “Elastically tunable self-organized organic lasers,” Adv. Mater. 23(7), 869–872 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Camposeo, P. Del Carro, L. Persano, and D. Pisignano, “Electrically tunable organic distributed feedback lasers embedding nonlinear optical molecules,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP221–OP225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H. H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Klinkhammer, T. Woggon, U. Geyer, C. Vannahme, S. Dehm, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “A continuously tunable low-threshold organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser fabricated by rotating shadow mask evaporation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(4), 787–791 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (2)

W. Huang, Z. Diao, L. Yao, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Xuan, “Electrically tunable distributed feedback laser emission from scaffolding morphologic holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal grating,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022702 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Ryotaro, S. Toshikazu, Y. Katsumi, O. Masanori, and M. Hiroshi, “Tunable liquid crystal laser using distributed feedback cavity fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Express 1(1), 012003 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

F. B. Arango, M. B. Christiansen, M. Gersborg-Hansen, and A. Kristensen, “Optofluidic tuning of photonic crystal band edge lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(22), 223503 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. Zhai, X. Wu, F. Tong, S. Li, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Multi-wavelength lasing in a beat structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(26), 261906 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Klinkhammer, N. Heussner, K. Huska, T. Bocksrocker, F. Geislhöringer, C. Vannahme, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Voltage-controlled tuning of an organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser using liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023307 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Schütte, H. Gothe, S. I. Hintschich, M. Sudzius, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, and K. Leo, “Continuously tunable laser emission from a wedge-shaped organic microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163309 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, “Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4693–4695 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Tsutsumi and A. Fujihara, “Tunable distributed feedback lasing with narrowed emission using holographic dynamic gratings in a polymeric waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(6), 061101 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. Wenger, N. Tétreault, M. Welland, and R. Friend, “Mechanically tunable conjugated polymer distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193303 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. H. Song, B. Wenger, and R. H. Friend, “Tuning the wavelength of lasing emission in organic semiconducting laser by the orientation of liquid crystalline conjugated polymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033107 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (2)

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Huang, C. Yuan, D. Shen, and Z. Zheng, “Dynamically manipulated lasing enabled by a reconfigured fingerprint texture of a cholesteric self-organized superstructure,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(28), 6923–6928 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Kazuharu, T. Kunimitsu, S. Yoshimi, S. Kouki, K. Mikio, and T. Yoshio, “A continuously tunable organic solid-state laser based on a flexible distributed-feedback resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L249–L251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mater. Today (1)

I. D. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Polymer lasers: recent advances,” Mater. Today 7(9), 28–35 (2004).
[Crossref]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, G. Ade, D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, and W. Kowalsky, “A continuously tunable organic DFB laser,” Microelectron. Eng. 78, 364–368 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (1)

T. Zhai, Y. Wang, L. Chen, and X. Zhang, “Direct writing of tunable multi-wavelength polymer lasers on a flexible substrate,” Nanoscale 7(29), 12312–12317 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) SEM images of the fanshaped cavity. The upper inset is the enlarged view of the SEM image. The scale bar is 200 nm. The lower inset shows the schematic of the polymer laser. (b) Schematic diagram of the fanshaped cavity. The red dotted line denotes the position of the pump stripe. The red arrow indicates the movement direction of the pump stripe. The blue line indicates the bisector the fanshaped cavity. L = 1.15 mm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Tunability of the output wavelength of the polymer laser, which is achieved by changing the pump position (y) as shown in Fig. 1. (b) Typical emission spectra of the different output wavelengths indicated in (a). The tuning range of the wavelength is from 552 nm to 584 nm. The black and orange dotted curves indicate the extinction and PL of F8BT, respectively. (c)-(f) Photographs of the laser spot corresponded to different wavelengths in (b).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a)The output wavelength/effective index as a function of the period of the fanshaped cavity. (b) Chromaticity of the emission spectra of the tunable DFB polymer laser in Fig. 2(b), as indicated by the eight red dots. The black arrow indicates the evolution of the chromaticity with changing the position of the focus as shown in Fig. 1(b).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Measured emission spectra of the polymer laser at a specific wavelength (567 nm). (b) The output intensity of the polymer laser as a function of the pump power intensity, indicating that the threshold of the polymer laser is about 47 μJ/cm2. The blue and red lines represent the linear fit of the output intensity below and above the threshold of the laser, respectively. The upper panel denotes the electric field distribution (TE0) of the 567-nm mode.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Schematic diagram of the optical layout for measuring the polarization of the laser output. The blue and yellow arrows denote the pump beam and the output beam, respectively. The double-headed purple arrows imply the polarization direction of the pump. The black arrow indicates the optic axis of the half-wave plate. α is the angle between the polarization direction of the pump beam and the direction of bisector the fanshaped cavity. (b) The angle (β) between the lasing line and the polarization direction of the polarizer indicated by the white dotted line. (c) The output intensity of the laser as a function of α. (d) The polarization of the laser output .

Metrics