Abstract

We demonstrate chirped Bragg gratings fabrication in doped microstructured tapered polymer fibers by using a uniform phase mask. The use of high photosensitive benzyl dimethyl ketal (BDK) doped core fiber allows to obtain chirped Bragg gratings by means of a single krypton fluoride laser pulse. The stability of the gratings has been confirmed and the strain and temperature sensitivity measurements demonstrate their tunable properties. Finally, different tapered profiles have been implemented in order to show the potentiality of this fabrication technique in polymer optical fibers.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  14. X. Hu, D. Saez-Rodriguez, C. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, P. Mégret, and C. Caucheteur, “Polarization effects in polymer FBGs: study and use for transverse force sensing,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4581–4590 (2015).
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  17. H. Liu, H. Liu, G. Ding Peng, and T. W. Whitbread, “Tunable dispersion using linearly chirped polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings with fixed center wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 411–413 (2005).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. D. Sáez-Rodríguez, R. Min, B. Ortega, K. Nielsen, and D. J. Webb, “Passive and Portable Polymer Optical Fiber Cleaver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(24), 2834–2837 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  24. K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, Y. Luo, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, and G. Rajan, “Etching process related changes and effects on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–9 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  25. K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, B. G. Prusty, and G. Rajan, “Intrinsic high-sensitivity sensors based on etched single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(6), 604–607 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. C. A. F. Marques, Fiber-Optic Components for Optical Communications and Sensing, PhD Thesis, University of Aveiro, (2013).
  27. L. Dong, J. L. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. A. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett. 31(11), 908–909 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. A. Putnam, G. M. Williams, and E. J. Friebele, “Fabrication of tapered, strain-gradient chirped fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 31(4), 309–310 (1995).
    [Crossref]

2017 (5)

C. A. F. Marques, D. J. Webb, and P. Andre, “Polymer optical fiber sensors in human life safety,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 36, 144–154 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, P. Antunes, P. Mergo, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Chirped Bragg gratings in PMMA step-index polymer optical fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(6), 500–503 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Hu, G. Woyessa, D. Kinet, J. Janting, K. Nielsen, O. Bang, and C. Caucheteur, “BDK-doped core microstructured PMMA optical fiber for effective Bragg grating photo-inscription,” Opt. Lett. 42(11), 2209–2212 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pospori, C. A. F. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Polymer optical fiber Bragg grating inscription with a single UV laser pulse,” Opt. Express 25(8), 9028–9038 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, R. Min, B. Ortega, K. Nielsen, and D. J. Webb, “Passive and Portable Polymer Optical Fiber Cleaver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(24), 2834–2837 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, Y. Luo, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, and G. Rajan, “Etching process related changes and effects on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Chang, Y. Chang, H.-J. Sheng, M.-Y. Fu, W.-F. Liu, and R. Kashyap, “An ultra-sensitive liquid-level indicator based on an etched chirped-fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(3), 268–271 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

X. Hu, D. Saez-Rodriguez, C. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, P. Mégret, and C. Caucheteur, “Polarization effects in polymer FBGs: study and use for transverse force sensing,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4581–4590 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Webb, “Fibre Bragg grating sensors in polymer optical fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 26(9), 092004 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, B. G. Prusty, and G. Rajan, “Intrinsic high-sensitivity sensors based on etched single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(6), 604–607 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, and D. J. Webb, “Highly photosensitive polymethyl methacrylate microstructured polymer optical fiber with doped core,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3769–3772 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wang and J. Yao, “A nonuniformly spaced microwave photonic filter using a spatially discrete chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(19), 1889–1892 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

A. Nespola, S. Abrate, R. Gaudino, C. Zerna, B. Offenbeck, and N. Weber, “High-Speed Communications Over Polymer Optical Fibers for In-Building Cabling and Home Networking,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(3), 347–358 (2010).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. V. S. Marques, and J. L. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, H. Liu, G. Ding Peng, and T. W. Whitbread, “Tunable dispersion using linearly chirped polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings with fixed center wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 411–413 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

I. Tafur Monroy, H. P. A. vd Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, and T. Ishigure, “Data transmission over polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(3), 159–171 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

B. Ortega, J. L. Cruz, J. Capmany, M. V. Andres, and D. Pastor, “Variable delay line for phased-array antenna based on a chirped fiber grating,” IEEE Trans. Micro. Theory 48(8), 1352–1360 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

L. Dong, J. L. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. A. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett. 31(11), 908–909 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. A. Putnam, G. M. Williams, and E. J. Friebele, “Fabrication of tapered, strain-gradient chirped fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 31(4), 309–310 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (4)

Abrate, S.

A. Nespola, S. Abrate, R. Gaudino, C. Zerna, B. Offenbeck, and N. Weber, “High-Speed Communications Over Polymer Optical Fibers for In-Building Cabling and Home Networking,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(3), 347–358 (2010).
[Crossref]

Albert, J.

Ambikairajah, E.

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, Y. Luo, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, and G. Rajan, “Etching process related changes and effects on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, B. G. Prusty, and G. Rajan, “Intrinsic high-sensitivity sensors based on etched single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(6), 604–607 (2015).
[Crossref]

Andre, P.

C. A. F. Marques, D. J. Webb, and P. Andre, “Polymer optical fiber sensors in human life safety,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 36, 144–154 (2017).
[Crossref]

André, P.

C. A. F. Marques, P. Antunes, P. Mergo, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Chirped Bragg gratings in PMMA step-index polymer optical fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(6), 500–503 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pospori, C. A. F. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Polymer optical fiber Bragg grating inscription with a single UV laser pulse,” Opt. Express 25(8), 9028–9038 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andres, M. V.

B. Ortega, J. L. Cruz, J. Capmany, M. V. Andres, and D. Pastor, “Variable delay line for phased-array antenna based on a chirped fiber grating,” IEEE Trans. Micro. Theory 48(8), 1352–1360 (2000).
[Crossref]

Antunes, P.

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. F. Marques, P. Antunes, P. Mergo, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Chirped Bragg gratings in PMMA step-index polymer optical fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(6), 500–503 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. P. Pereira, A. Pospori, M. F. Domingues, P. Antunes, S. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and C. Marques, “Phase-shifted Bragg grating inscription in PMMA microstructured POF using 248 nm UV radiation,” J. Lightwave Technol.99, in press (2017).

Bang, O.

Barcelos, S.

Bhowmik, K.

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, Y. Luo, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, and G. Rajan, “Etching process related changes and effects on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, B. G. Prusty, and G. Rajan, “Intrinsic high-sensitivity sensors based on etched single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(6), 604–607 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bilodeau, F.

Campbell, R. J.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, R. J. Campbell, and D. L. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30(12), 996–998 (1994).
[Crossref]

Capmany, J.

B. Ortega, J. L. Cruz, J. Capmany, M. V. Andres, and D. Pastor, “Variable delay line for phased-array antenna based on a chirped fiber grating,” IEEE Trans. Micro. Theory 48(8), 1352–1360 (2000).
[Crossref]

Caucheteur, C.

Çetinkaya, O.

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, H.

H. Chang, Y. Chang, H.-J. Sheng, M.-Y. Fu, W.-F. Liu, and R. Kashyap, “An ultra-sensitive liquid-level indicator based on an etched chirped-fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(3), 268–271 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chang, Y.

H. Chang, Y. Chang, H.-J. Sheng, M.-Y. Fu, W.-F. Liu, and R. Kashyap, “An ultra-sensitive liquid-level indicator based on an etched chirped-fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(3), 268–271 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cruz, J. L.

B. Ortega, J. L. Cruz, J. Capmany, M. V. Andres, and D. Pastor, “Variable delay line for phased-array antenna based on a chirped fiber grating,” IEEE Trans. Micro. Theory 48(8), 1352–1360 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. L. Cruz, L. Dong, S. Barcelos, and L. Reekie, “Fiber Bragg gratings with various chirp profiles made in etched tapers,” Appl. Opt. 35(34), 6781–6787 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Dong, J. L. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. A. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett. 31(11), 908–909 (1995).
[Crossref]

Demirci, G.

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding Peng, G.

H. Liu, H. Liu, G. Ding Peng, and T. W. Whitbread, “Tunable dispersion using linearly chirped polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings with fixed center wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 411–413 (2005).
[Crossref]

Domingues, M. F.

L. P. Pereira, A. Pospori, M. F. Domingues, P. Antunes, S. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and C. Marques, “Phase-shifted Bragg grating inscription in PMMA microstructured POF using 248 nm UV radiation,” J. Lightwave Technol.99, in press (2017).

Dong, L.

J. L. Cruz, L. Dong, S. Barcelos, and L. Reekie, “Fiber Bragg gratings with various chirp profiles made in etched tapers,” Appl. Opt. 35(34), 6781–6787 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Dong, J. L. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. A. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett. 31(11), 908–909 (1995).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

P. C. Hill and B. J. Eggleton, “Strain gradient chirp of fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30(14), 1172–1174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Frazão, O.

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. V. S. Marques, and J. L. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Friebele, E. J.

M. A. Putnam, G. M. Williams, and E. J. Friebele, “Fabrication of tapered, strain-gradient chirped fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 31(4), 309–310 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fu, M.-Y.

H. Chang, Y. Chang, H.-J. Sheng, M.-Y. Fu, W.-F. Liu, and R. Kashyap, “An ultra-sensitive liquid-level indicator based on an etched chirped-fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(3), 268–271 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gaudino, R.

A. Nespola, S. Abrate, R. Gaudino, C. Zerna, B. Offenbeck, and N. Weber, “High-Speed Communications Over Polymer Optical Fibers for In-Building Cabling and Home Networking,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(3), 347–358 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gawdzik, B.

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hill, K. O.

Hill, P. C.

P. C. Hill and B. J. Eggleton, “Strain gradient chirp of fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30(14), 1172–1174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

Ishigure, T.

I. Tafur Monroy, H. P. A. vd Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, and T. Ishigure, “Data transmission over polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(3), 159–171 (2003).
[Crossref]

Janting, J.

Johnson, D. C.

Kashyap, R.

H. Chang, Y. Chang, H.-J. Sheng, M.-Y. Fu, W.-F. Liu, and R. Kashyap, “An ultra-sensitive liquid-level indicator based on an etched chirped-fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(3), 268–271 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, R. J. Campbell, and D. L. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30(12), 996–998 (1994).
[Crossref]

Khoe, G. D.

I. Tafur Monroy, H. P. A. vd Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, and T. Ishigure, “Data transmission over polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(3), 159–171 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kinet, D.

Kitagawa, T.

Koike, Y.

I. Tafur Monroy, H. P. A. vd Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, and T. Ishigure, “Data transmission over polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(3), 159–171 (2003).
[Crossref]

Koonen, A. M. J.

I. Tafur Monroy, H. P. A. vd Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, and T. Ishigure, “Data transmission over polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(3), 159–171 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lauzon, J.

Liu, H.

H. Liu, H. Liu, G. Ding Peng, and T. W. Whitbread, “Tunable dispersion using linearly chirped polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings with fixed center wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 411–413 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, H. Liu, G. Ding Peng, and T. W. Whitbread, “Tunable dispersion using linearly chirped polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings with fixed center wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 411–413 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.-F.

H. Chang, Y. Chang, H.-J. Sheng, M.-Y. Fu, W.-F. Liu, and R. Kashyap, “An ultra-sensitive liquid-level indicator based on an etched chirped-fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(3), 268–271 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lovric, V.

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, Y. Luo, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, and G. Rajan, “Etching process related changes and effects on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, B. G. Prusty, and G. Rajan, “Intrinsic high-sensitivity sensors based on etched single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(6), 604–607 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, Y. Luo, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, and G. Rajan, “Etching process related changes and effects on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

Malo, B.

Marques, C.

X. Hu, D. Saez-Rodriguez, C. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, P. Mégret, and C. Caucheteur, “Polarization effects in polymer FBGs: study and use for transverse force sensing,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4581–4590 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. P. Pereira, A. Pospori, M. F. Domingues, P. Antunes, S. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and C. Marques, “Phase-shifted Bragg grating inscription in PMMA microstructured POF using 248 nm UV radiation,” J. Lightwave Technol.99, in press (2017).

Marques, C. A. F.

C. A. F. Marques, P. Antunes, P. Mergo, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Chirped Bragg gratings in PMMA step-index polymer optical fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(6), 500–503 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. F. Marques, D. J. Webb, and P. Andre, “Polymer optical fiber sensors in human life safety,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 36, 144–154 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Pospori, C. A. F. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Polymer optical fiber Bragg grating inscription with a single UV laser pulse,” Opt. Express 25(8), 9028–9038 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marques, P. V. S.

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. V. S. Marques, and J. L. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Marques, S.

L. P. Pereira, A. Pospori, M. F. Domingues, P. Antunes, S. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and C. Marques, “Phase-shifted Bragg grating inscription in PMMA microstructured POF using 248 nm UV radiation,” J. Lightwave Technol.99, in press (2017).

Martin, J.

McKee, P. F.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, R. J. Campbell, and D. L. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30(12), 996–998 (1994).
[Crossref]

Mégret, P.

Melo, M.

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. V. S. Marques, and J. L. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mergo, P.

C. A. F. Marques, P. Antunes, P. Mergo, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Chirped Bragg gratings in PMMA step-index polymer optical fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(6), 500–503 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Min, R.

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, R. Min, B. Ortega, K. Nielsen, and D. J. Webb, “Passive and Portable Polymer Optical Fiber Cleaver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(24), 2834–2837 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nespola, A.

A. Nespola, S. Abrate, R. Gaudino, C. Zerna, B. Offenbeck, and N. Weber, “High-Speed Communications Over Polymer Optical Fibers for In-Building Cabling and Home Networking,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(3), 347–358 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, K.

Offenbeck, B.

A. Nespola, S. Abrate, R. Gaudino, C. Zerna, B. Offenbeck, and N. Weber, “High-Speed Communications Over Polymer Optical Fibers for In-Building Cabling and Home Networking,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(3), 347–358 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ortega, B.

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, R. Min, B. Ortega, K. Nielsen, and D. J. Webb, “Passive and Portable Polymer Optical Fiber Cleaver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(24), 2834–2837 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Ortega, J. L. Cruz, J. Capmany, M. V. Andres, and D. Pastor, “Variable delay line for phased-array antenna based on a chirped fiber grating,” IEEE Trans. Micro. Theory 48(8), 1352–1360 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ouellette, F.

Pastor, D.

B. Ortega, J. L. Cruz, J. Capmany, M. V. Andres, and D. Pastor, “Variable delay line for phased-array antenna based on a chirped fiber grating,” IEEE Trans. Micro. Theory 48(8), 1352–1360 (2000).
[Crossref]

Peng, G.-D.

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, Y. Luo, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, and G. Rajan, “Etching process related changes and effects on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, B. G. Prusty, and G. Rajan, “Intrinsic high-sensitivity sensors based on etched single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(6), 604–607 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pereira, L. P.

L. P. Pereira, A. Pospori, M. F. Domingues, P. Antunes, S. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and C. Marques, “Phase-shifted Bragg grating inscription in PMMA microstructured POF using 248 nm UV radiation,” J. Lightwave Technol.99, in press (2017).

Pospori, A.

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pospori, C. A. F. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Polymer optical fiber Bragg grating inscription with a single UV laser pulse,” Opt. Express 25(8), 9028–9038 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. P. Pereira, A. Pospori, M. F. Domingues, P. Antunes, S. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and C. Marques, “Phase-shifted Bragg grating inscription in PMMA microstructured POF using 248 nm UV radiation,” J. Lightwave Technol.99, in press (2017).

Prusty, B. G.

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, B. G. Prusty, and G. Rajan, “Intrinsic high-sensitivity sensors based on etched single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(6), 604–607 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pun, C. F.

Putnam, M. A.

M. A. Putnam, G. M. Williams, and E. J. Friebele, “Fabrication of tapered, strain-gradient chirped fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 31(4), 309–310 (1995).
[Crossref]

Rajan, G.

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, Y. Luo, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, and G. Rajan, “Etching process related changes and effects on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, B. G. Prusty, and G. Rajan, “Intrinsic high-sensitivity sensors based on etched single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(6), 604–607 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rasmussen, H. K.

Reekie, L.

J. L. Cruz, L. Dong, S. Barcelos, and L. Reekie, “Fiber Bragg gratings with various chirp profiles made in etched tapers,” Appl. Opt. 35(34), 6781–6787 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Dong, J. L. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. A. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett. 31(11), 908–909 (1995).
[Crossref]

Saez-Rodriguez, D.

Sáez-Rodríguez, D.

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, R. Min, B. Ortega, K. Nielsen, and D. J. Webb, “Passive and Portable Polymer Optical Fiber Cleaver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(24), 2834–2837 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, and D. J. Webb, “Highly photosensitive polymethyl methacrylate microstructured polymer optical fiber with doped core,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3769–3772 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santos, J. L.

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. V. S. Marques, and J. L. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sheng, H.-J.

H. Chang, Y. Chang, H.-J. Sheng, M.-Y. Fu, W.-F. Liu, and R. Kashyap, “An ultra-sensitive liquid-level indicator based on an etched chirped-fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(3), 268–271 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tafur Monroy, I.

I. Tafur Monroy, H. P. A. vd Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, and T. Ishigure, “Data transmission over polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(3), 159–171 (2003).
[Crossref]

Takiguchi, K.

Tam, H. Y.

Thériault, S.

Thibault, S.

Tucknott, J. A.

L. Dong, J. L. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. A. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett. 31(11), 908–909 (1995).
[Crossref]

vd Boom, H. P. A.

I. Tafur Monroy, H. P. A. vd Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, and T. Ishigure, “Data transmission over polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(3), 159–171 (2003).
[Crossref]

Walsh, W. R.

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, Y. Luo, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, and G. Rajan, “Etching process related changes and effects on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, B. G. Prusty, and G. Rajan, “Intrinsic high-sensitivity sensors based on etched single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(6), 604–607 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

C. Wang and J. Yao, “A nonuniformly spaced microwave photonic filter using a spatially discrete chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(19), 1889–1892 (2013).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, Y.

I. Tafur Monroy, H. P. A. vd Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, and T. Ishigure, “Data transmission over polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(3), 159–171 (2003).
[Crossref]

Webb, D. J.

C. A. F. Marques, D. J. Webb, and P. Andre, “Polymer optical fiber sensors in human life safety,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 36, 144–154 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, P. Antunes, P. Mergo, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Chirped Bragg gratings in PMMA step-index polymer optical fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(6), 500–503 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pospori, C. A. F. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Polymer optical fiber Bragg grating inscription with a single UV laser pulse,” Opt. Express 25(8), 9028–9038 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, R. Min, B. Ortega, K. Nielsen, and D. J. Webb, “Passive and Portable Polymer Optical Fiber Cleaver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(24), 2834–2837 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. J. Webb, “Fibre Bragg grating sensors in polymer optical fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 26(9), 092004 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Hu, D. Saez-Rodriguez, C. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, P. Mégret, and C. Caucheteur, “Polarization effects in polymer FBGs: study and use for transverse force sensing,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4581–4590 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, and D. J. Webb, “Highly photosensitive polymethyl methacrylate microstructured polymer optical fiber with doped core,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3769–3772 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. P. Pereira, A. Pospori, M. F. Domingues, P. Antunes, S. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and C. Marques, “Phase-shifted Bragg grating inscription in PMMA microstructured POF using 248 nm UV radiation,” J. Lightwave Technol.99, in press (2017).

Weber, N.

A. Nespola, S. Abrate, R. Gaudino, C. Zerna, B. Offenbeck, and N. Weber, “High-Speed Communications Over Polymer Optical Fibers for In-Building Cabling and Home Networking,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(3), 347–358 (2010).
[Crossref]

Whitbread, T. W.

H. Liu, H. Liu, G. Ding Peng, and T. W. Whitbread, “Tunable dispersion using linearly chirped polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings with fixed center wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 411–413 (2005).
[Crossref]

Williams, D. L.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, R. J. Campbell, and D. L. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30(12), 996–998 (1994).
[Crossref]

Williams, G. M.

M. A. Putnam, G. M. Williams, and E. J. Friebele, “Fabrication of tapered, strain-gradient chirped fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 31(4), 309–310 (1995).
[Crossref]

Woyessa, G.

Yao, J.

C. Wang and J. Yao, “A nonuniformly spaced microwave photonic filter using a spatially discrete chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(19), 1889–1892 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zerna, C.

A. Nespola, S. Abrate, R. Gaudino, C. Zerna, B. Offenbeck, and N. Weber, “High-Speed Communications Over Polymer Optical Fibers for In-Building Cabling and Home Networking,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(3), 347–358 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (4)

P. C. Hill and B. J. Eggleton, “Strain gradient chirp of fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30(14), 1172–1174 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, R. J. Campbell, and D. L. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30(12), 996–998 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. Dong, J. L. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. A. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett. 31(11), 908–909 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. A. Putnam, G. M. Williams, and E. J. Friebele, “Fabrication of tapered, strain-gradient chirped fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 31(4), 309–310 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, Y. Luo, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, and G. Rajan, “Etching process related changes and effects on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Nespola, S. Abrate, R. Gaudino, C. Zerna, B. Offenbeck, and N. Weber, “High-Speed Communications Over Polymer Optical Fibers for In-Building Cabling and Home Networking,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(3), 347–358 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (6)

H. Chang, Y. Chang, H.-J. Sheng, M.-Y. Fu, W.-F. Liu, and R. Kashyap, “An ultra-sensitive liquid-level indicator based on an etched chirped-fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(3), 268–271 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Wang and J. Yao, “A nonuniformly spaced microwave photonic filter using a spatially discrete chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(19), 1889–1892 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Bhowmik, G.-D. Peng, E. Ambikairajah, V. Lovric, W. R. Walsh, B. G. Prusty, and G. Rajan, “Intrinsic high-sensitivity sensors based on etched single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(6), 604–607 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, H. Liu, G. Ding Peng, and T. W. Whitbread, “Tunable dispersion using linearly chirped polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings with fixed center wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 411–413 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, P. Antunes, P. Mergo, D. J. Webb, and P. André, “Chirped Bragg gratings in PMMA step-index polymer optical fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(6), 500–503 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, R. Min, B. Ortega, K. Nielsen, and D. J. Webb, “Passive and Portable Polymer Optical Fiber Cleaver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(24), 2834–2837 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Micro. Theory (1)

B. Ortega, J. L. Cruz, J. Capmany, M. V. Andres, and D. Pastor, “Variable delay line for phased-array antenna based on a chirped fiber grating,” IEEE Trans. Micro. Theory 48(8), 1352–1360 (2000).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. V. S. Marques, and J. L. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. J. Webb, “Fibre Bragg grating sensors in polymer optical fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 26(9), 092004 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (2)

C. A. F. Marques, D. J. Webb, and P. Andre, “Polymer optical fiber sensors in human life safety,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 36, 144–154 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Tafur Monroy, H. P. A. vd Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, and T. Ishigure, “Data transmission over polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(3), 159–171 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Sensors (Basel) (1)

C. A. F. Marques, A. Pospori, G. Demirci, O. Çetinkaya, B. Gawdzik, P. Antunes, O. Bang, P. Mergo, P. André, and D. J. Webb, “Fast Bragg grating inscription in PMMA polymer optical fibres: impact of thermal pre-treatment of preforms,” Sensors (Basel) 17(4), 891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

C. A. F. Marques, Fiber-Optic Components for Optical Communications and Sensing, PhD Thesis, University of Aveiro, (2013).

L. P. Pereira, A. Pospori, M. F. Domingues, P. Antunes, S. Marques, O. Bang, D. J. Webb, and C. Marques, “Phase-shifted Bragg grating inscription in PMMA microstructured POF using 248 nm UV radiation,” J. Lightwave Technol.99, in press (2017).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Photograph of acetone container, (b) Linearly tapered fiber profile showing a part of L.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Experimental setup for chirped Bragg grating inscription based on uniform phase mask. Inset: mPOF cross-section (Fiber 1).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Reflected optical power by the FBG fabricated on a 1% strained tapered fiber section obtaining a chirped FBG. Also, reflected spectrum of a uniform FBG for comparison with chirped grating after irradiation.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Reflected power by chirped POFBG (Fiber 1) under 1.3% strain two minutes after irradiation. (b) Chirped POFBG optical bandwidth response vs time during 360 seconds.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Chirped FBG tunability by using strain on different tapers: (a) 9μm/cm, (b) 4μm/cm, (c) 14μm/cm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Strain increasing-decreasing cycle of chirped POFBG (Fiber 1): (a) reflected peak power, (b) resonance wavelength and (c) reflected bandwidth.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Reflected power spectrum of a 5.5 µm/cm tapered chirped Bragg grating under different strain using Fiber 2, (b) 3dB bandwidth of POFBG using three different tapered samples vs strain.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Dependence of the reflected power spectrum of chirped FBG under 1.6% strain on the temperature, (b) Central wavelength vs temperature under 1.6% strain, (c) Reflected 3 dB bandwidth vs temperature under 1.6% strain.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Grating stability in two hours monitoring under 1.6% strain, (b) response after one week under 1.6% strain.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ λ B ( z ) λ B =( 1 p e ) F πEr ( z ) 2
  λ B ( z )= λ B ( 0 )+ λ B f( z )
r( z )= r(0)r(L) [ r (0) 2 r (L) 2 ]f( z/L )+r (L) 2

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