Abstract

We present a backlight module (BLM) employing a photoluminescent quantum-dot microstructure array for flexible/curved liquid crystal displays (LCDs). Differently sized quantum-dot (QD) BLMs were prepared based on the theoretical spectral model and microstructure fabrication process. A 27-inch curved prototype showed a wide color gamut of 122.79% under the National Television Systems Committee standard while achieving high brightness of over 4000 cd/m2 and brightness/color uniformity of 85.21%/9.2 × 10−3. An LCD monitor prototype equipped with the proposed BLM was also assembled and tested, which showed higher visual performance when compared with a common commercial monitor. This method produces QD BLMs without the need of additional optical elements, and has good compatibility with traditional processes.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. H. J. Kim, M. H. Shin, J. Y. Lee, J. H. Kim, and Y. J. Kim, “Realization of 95% of the Rec. 2020 color gamut in a highly efficient LCD using a patterned quantum dot film,” Opt. Express 25(10), 10724–10734 (2017).
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    [Crossref]
  4. K. Käläntär, “Modified functional light-guide plate for backlighting transmissive LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11(4), 641–645 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Ukai, “TFT-LCDs as the future leading role in FPD,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 28–31 (2013).
  7. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Huang, H. Chen, G. Tan, H. Tobata, S. Yamamoto, E. Okabe, Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, and S. T. Wu, “Optimized blue-phase liquid crystal for field-sequential-color displays,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(2), 641–650 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  9. X. Shen, D. F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, G. S. Hu, X. B. Bian, and L. Yang, “Fabrication and characterization of YAG:Ce phosphor films for white LED applications,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27(1), 1–6 (2015).
  10. S. H. Ji, H. C. Lee, J. M. Yoon, J. C. Lim, M. Jun, and E. Yeo, “Adobe RGB LCD monitor with 3 primary colors by deep green color filter technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 1332–1334 (2013).
  11. R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(2), 022401 (2009).
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  13. Y. Ito, T. Hori, H. Tani, Y. Ueno, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A backlight system with a phosphor sheet providing both wider color gamut and higher efficiency,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 816–819 (2014).
  14. T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  15. Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  18. B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(46), 9463–9475 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  19. R. Xie, D. Battaglia, and X. Peng, “Colloidal InP nanocrystals as efficient emitters covering blue to near-infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(50), 15432–15433 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on quantum-dot-enhanced liquid crystal displays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1900611 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Q. Zhou, Z. Bai, W. G. Lu, Y. Wang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “In Situ Fabrication of Halide Perovskite Nanocrystal-Embedded Polymer Composite Films with Enhanced Photoluminescence for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 28(41), 9163–9168 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  24. P. Adel, A. Wolf, T. Kodanek, and D. Dorfs, “Segmented CdSe@CdS/ZnS Nanorods Synthesized via a Partial Ion Exchange Sequence,” Chem. Mater. 26(10), 3121–3127 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. Jun and E. Jang, “Bright and stable alloy core/multishell quantum dots,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(2), 679–682 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. J. Y. Lien, C. J. Chen, R. K. Chiang, and S. L. Wang, “Patternable Color-conversion Films based on Thick-shell Quantum Dots,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers48(1), 558–561 (2017).
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  27. K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  29. S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dot developments,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 315–316 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  30. E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. S. Kim, S. H. Im, and S. W. Kim, “Performance of light-emitting-diode based on quantum dots,” Nanoscale 5(12), 5205–5214 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. J. H. Oh, H. Kang, M. Ko, and Y. R. Do, “Analysis of wide color gamut of green/red bilayered freestanding phosphor film-capped white LEDs for LCD backlight,” Opt. Express 23(15), A791–A804 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. J. Kurtin, N. Puetz, B. Theobald, N. Stott, and J. Osinski, “Quantum dots for high color gamut LCD displays using an on-chip LED solution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 146–148 (2014).
  34. J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color-gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).
  35. J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  36. J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).
  37. Z. Luo, D. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  38. J. Thielen, D. Lamb, A. Lemon, J. Tibbits, J. V. Derlofske, and E. Nelson, “Correlation of accelerated aging to in-device lifetime of quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 47(1), 336–339 (2016).
  39. J. Chen, J. Hartlove, V. Hardev, J. Yurek, E. Lee, and S. Gensler, “High efficiency LCDs using quantum dot enhancement films,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 1428–1430 (2014).
  40. J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 130–133 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  41. S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. R. Zhu, Z. Luo, H. Chen, Y. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Realizing Rec. 2020 color gamut with quantum dot displays,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23680–23693 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

H. J. Kim, M. H. Shin, J. Y. Lee, J. H. Kim, and Y. J. Kim, “Realization of 95% of the Rec. 2020 color gamut in a highly efficient LCD using a patterned quantum dot film,” Opt. Express 25(10), 10724–10734 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Huang, H. Chen, G. Tan, H. Tobata, S. Yamamoto, E. Okabe, Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, and S. T. Wu, “Optimized blue-phase liquid crystal for field-sequential-color displays,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(2), 641–650 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on quantum-dot-enhanced liquid crystal displays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1900611 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

Q. Zhou, Z. Bai, W. G. Lu, Y. Wang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “In Situ Fabrication of Halide Perovskite Nanocrystal-Embedded Polymer Composite Films with Enhanced Photoluminescence for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 28(41), 9163–9168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Thielen, D. Lamb, A. Lemon, J. Tibbits, J. V. Derlofske, and E. Nelson, “Correlation of accelerated aging to in-device lifetime of quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 47(1), 336–339 (2016).

2015 (6)

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Oh, H. Kang, M. Ko, and Y. R. Do, “Analysis of wide color gamut of green/red bilayered freestanding phosphor film-capped white LEDs for LCD backlight,” Opt. Express 23(15), A791–A804 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Shen, D. F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, G. S. Hu, X. B. Bian, and L. Yang, “Fabrication and characterization of YAG:Ce phosphor films for white LED applications,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27(1), 1–6 (2015).

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 130–133 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Z. Luo, H. Chen, Y. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Realizing Rec. 2020 color gamut with quantum dot displays,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23680–23693 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

Z. Luo, D. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Ito, T. Hori, H. Tani, Y. Ueno, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A backlight system with a phosphor sheet providing both wider color gamut and higher efficiency,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 816–819 (2014).

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Adel, A. Wolf, T. Kodanek, and D. Dorfs, “Segmented CdSe@CdS/ZnS Nanorods Synthesized via a Partial Ion Exchange Sequence,” Chem. Mater. 26(10), 3121–3127 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Kurtin, N. Puetz, B. Theobald, N. Stott, and J. Osinski, “Quantum dots for high color gamut LCD displays using an on-chip LED solution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 146–148 (2014).

J. Chen, J. Hartlove, V. Hardev, J. Yurek, E. Lee, and S. Gensler, “High efficiency LCDs using quantum dot enhancement films,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 1428–1430 (2014).

2013 (6)

S. Kim, S. H. Im, and S. W. Kim, “Performance of light-emitting-diode based on quantum dots,” Nanoscale 5(12), 5205–5214 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Jun and E. Jang, “Bright and stable alloy core/multishell quantum dots,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(2), 679–682 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Coe-Sullivan, W. Liu, P. Allen, and J. S. Steckel, “Quantum Dots for LED Downconversion in Display Applications,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 2(2), R3026–R3030 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. H. Ji, H. C. Lee, J. M. Yoon, J. C. Lim, M. Jun, and E. Yeo, “Adobe RGB LCD monitor with 3 primary colors by deep green color filter technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 1332–1334 (2013).

Y. Ukai, “TFT-LCDs as the future leading role in FPD,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 28–31 (2013).

2012 (3)

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color-gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

2011 (1)

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dot developments,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 315–316 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(2), 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. Anandan, “Progress of LED backlights for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(2), 287–310 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

R. Xie, D. Battaglia, and X. Peng, “Colloidal InP nanocrystals as efficient emitters covering blue to near-infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(50), 15432–15433 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. Käläntär, “Modified functional light-guide plate for backlighting transmissive LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11(4), 641–645 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119(30), 7019–7029 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(46), 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Adel, P.

P. Adel, A. Wolf, T. Kodanek, and D. Dorfs, “Segmented CdSe@CdS/ZnS Nanorods Synthesized via a Partial Ion Exchange Sequence,” Chem. Mater. 26(10), 3121–3127 (2014).
[Crossref]

Alivisatos, A. P.

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119(30), 7019–7029 (1997).
[Crossref]

Allen, P.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 130–133 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Coe-Sullivan, W. Liu, P. Allen, and J. S. Steckel, “Quantum Dots for LED Downconversion in Display Applications,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 2(2), R3026–R3030 (2013).
[Crossref]

Amaratunga, G.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Anandan, M.

M. Anandan, “Progress of LED backlights for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(2), 287–310 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bai, Z.

Q. Zhou, Z. Bai, W. G. Lu, Y. Wang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “In Situ Fabrication of Halide Perovskite Nanocrystal-Embedded Polymer Composite Films with Enhanced Photoluminescence for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 28(41), 9163–9168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Battaglia, D.

R. Xie, D. Battaglia, and X. Peng, “Colloidal InP nanocrystals as efficient emitters covering blue to near-infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(50), 15432–15433 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(46), 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bian, X. B.

X. Shen, D. F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, G. S. Hu, X. B. Bian, and L. Yang, “Fabrication and characterization of YAG:Ce phosphor films for white LED applications,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27(1), 1–6 (2015).

Breen, C.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 130–133 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bulovic, V.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chae, J.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
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Chen, C. J.

J. Y. Lien, C. J. Chen, R. K. Chiang, and S. L. Wang, “Patternable Color-conversion Films based on Thick-shell Quantum Dots,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers48(1), 558–561 (2017).
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Chen, H.

Chen, H. C.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
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Chen, H. W.

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
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Chen, J.

J. Chen, J. Hartlove, V. Hardev, J. Yurek, E. Lee, and S. Gensler, “High efficiency LCDs using quantum dot enhancement films,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 1428–1430 (2014).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color-gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

Chen, K. J.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
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Cheng, B. S.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chiang, R. K.

J. Y. Lien, C. J. Chen, R. K. Chiang, and S. L. Wang, “Patternable Color-conversion Films based on Thick-shell Quantum Dots,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers48(1), 558–561 (2017).
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K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
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T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
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Choi, B. L.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
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J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
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J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 130–133 (2015).
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S. Coe-Sullivan, W. Liu, P. Allen, and J. S. Steckel, “Quantum Dots for LED Downconversion in Display Applications,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 2(2), R3026–R3030 (2013).
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S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dot developments,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 315–316 (2009).
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B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(46), 9463–9475 (1997).
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Dang, C.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
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Demir, H. V.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
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S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
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Derlofske, J. V.

J. Thielen, D. Lamb, A. Lemon, J. Tibbits, J. V. Derlofske, and E. Nelson, “Correlation of accelerated aging to in-device lifetime of quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 47(1), 336–339 (2016).

Dev, K.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
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Do, Y. R.

Dong, Y.

Dong, Y. J.

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dorfs, D.

P. Adel, A. Wolf, T. Kodanek, and D. Dorfs, “Segmented CdSe@CdS/ZnS Nanorods Synthesized via a Partial Ion Exchange Sequence,” Chem. Mater. 26(10), 3121–3127 (2014).
[Crossref]

Duan, W.

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
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Erdem, T.

Fan, S.

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
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Fan, X. W.

X. Shen, D. F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, G. S. Hu, X. B. Bian, and L. Yang, “Fabrication and characterization of YAG:Ce phosphor films for white LED applications,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27(1), 1–6 (2015).

Feng, D.

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
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Gensler, S.

J. Chen, J. Hartlove, V. Hardev, J. Yurek, E. Lee, and S. Gensler, “High efficiency LCDs using quantum dot enhancement films,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 1428–1430 (2014).

Hamilton, C.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 130–133 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hardev, V.

J. Chen, J. Hartlove, V. Hardev, J. Yurek, E. Lee, and S. Gensler, “High efficiency LCDs using quantum dot enhancement films,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 1428–1430 (2014).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color-gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

Hartlove, J.

J. Chen, J. Hartlove, V. Hardev, J. Yurek, E. Lee, and S. Gensler, “High efficiency LCDs using quantum dot enhancement films,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 1428–1430 (2014).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color-gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

He, J.

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
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H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on quantum-dot-enhanced liquid crystal displays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1900611 (2017).
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Heine, J. R.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(46), 9463–9475 (1997).
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Hirosaki, N.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(2), 022401 (2009).
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Hisakado, Y.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ho, J.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 130–133 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hofler, J.

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color-gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

Hori, T.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, H. Tani, Y. Ueno, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A backlight system with a phosphor sheet providing both wider color gamut and higher efficiency,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 816–819 (2014).

Horiguchi, M.

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
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Hsu, Y. J.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, G. S.

X. Shen, D. F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, G. S. Hu, X. B. Bian, and L. Yang, “Fabrication and characterization of YAG:Ce phosphor films for white LED applications,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27(1), 1–6 (2015).

Hu, W.

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
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Huang, H.

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
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Huang, Y.

Im, S. H.

S. Kim, S. H. Im, and S. W. Kim, “Performance of light-emitting-diode based on quantum dots,” Nanoscale 5(12), 5205–5214 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ito, Y.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, H. Tani, Y. Ueno, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A backlight system with a phosphor sheet providing both wider color gamut and higher efficiency,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 816–819 (2014).

Jang, E.

S. Jun and E. Jang, “Bright and stable alloy core/multishell quantum dots,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(2), 679–682 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jensen, K. F.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(46), 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ji, S. H.

S. H. Ji, H. C. Lee, J. M. Yoon, J. C. Lim, M. Jun, and E. Yeo, “Adobe RGB LCD monitor with 3 primary colors by deep green color filter technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 1332–1334 (2013).

Jin, G.

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
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Jun, M.

S. H. Ji, H. C. Lee, J. M. Yoon, J. C. Lim, M. Jun, and E. Yeo, “Adobe RGB LCD monitor with 3 primary colors by deep green color filter technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 1332–1334 (2013).

Jun, S.

S. Jun and E. Jang, “Bright and stable alloy core/multishell quantum dots,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(2), 679–682 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
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Kadavanich, A. V.

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119(30), 7019–7029 (1997).
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Kajiyama, T.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Käläntär, K.

K. Käläntär, “Modified functional light-guide plate for backlighting transmissive LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11(4), 641–645 (2003).
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Kang, H.

Kikuchi, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, D. H.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. J.

Kim, J. H.

Kim, J. M.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. W.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, S. H. Im, and S. W. Kim, “Performance of light-emitting-diode based on quantum dots,” Nanoscale 5(12), 5205–5214 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. W.

S. Kim, S. H. Im, and S. W. Kim, “Performance of light-emitting-diode based on quantum dots,” Nanoscale 5(12), 5205–5214 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, T. H.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. J.

Ko, M.

Kodanek, T.

P. Adel, A. Wolf, T. Kodanek, and D. Dorfs, “Segmented CdSe@CdS/ZnS Nanorods Synthesized via a Partial Ion Exchange Sequence,” Chem. Mater. 26(10), 3121–3127 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koike, Y.

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kondo, H.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, H. Tani, Y. Ueno, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A backlight system with a phosphor sheet providing both wider color gamut and higher efficiency,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 816–819 (2014).

Kuk, Y.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kuo, H.-C.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
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Kurtin, J.

J. Kurtin, N. Puetz, B. Theobald, N. Stott, and J. Osinski, “Quantum dots for high color gamut LCD displays using an on-chip LED solution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 146–148 (2014).

Kusunoki, T.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, H. Tani, Y. Ueno, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A backlight system with a phosphor sheet providing both wider color gamut and higher efficiency,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 816–819 (2014).

Kwon, J. Y.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lamb, D.

J. Thielen, D. Lamb, A. Lemon, J. Tibbits, J. V. Derlofske, and E. Nelson, “Correlation of accelerated aging to in-device lifetime of quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 47(1), 336–339 (2016).

Lan, Y. F.

Lee, E.

J. Chen, J. Hartlove, V. Hardev, J. Yurek, E. Lee, and S. Gensler, “High efficiency LCDs using quantum dot enhancement films,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 1428–1430 (2014).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color-gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

Lee, E. K.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. C.

S. H. Ji, H. C. Lee, J. M. Yoon, J. C. Lim, M. Jun, and E. Yeo, “Adobe RGB LCD monitor with 3 primary colors by deep green color filter technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 1332–1334 (2013).

Lee, J. Y.

Lee, S. J.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. L.

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. Y.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lemon, A.

J. Thielen, D. Lamb, A. Lemon, J. Tibbits, J. V. Derlofske, and E. Nelson, “Correlation of accelerated aging to in-device lifetime of quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 47(1), 336–339 (2016).

Li, M. C.

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lien, J. Y.

J. Y. Lien, C. J. Chen, R. K. Chiang, and S. L. Wang, “Patternable Color-conversion Films based on Thick-shell Quantum Dots,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers48(1), 558–561 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lim, J.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lim, J. C.

S. H. Ji, H. C. Lee, J. M. Yoon, J. C. Lim, M. Jun, and E. Yeo, “Adobe RGB LCD monitor with 3 primary colors by deep green color filter technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 1332–1334 (2013).

Lin, C. C.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 130–133 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Coe-Sullivan, W. Liu, P. Allen, and J. S. Steckel, “Quantum Dots for LED Downconversion in Display Applications,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 2(2), R3026–R3030 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, W. G.

Q. Zhou, Z. Bai, W. G. Lu, Y. Wang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “In Situ Fabrication of Halide Perovskite Nanocrystal-Embedded Polymer Composite Films with Enhanced Photoluminescence for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 28(41), 9163–9168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Y. Q.

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

Mattoussi, H.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(46), 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mikulec, F. V.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(46), 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mutlugun, E.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nelson, E.

J. Thielen, D. Lamb, A. Lemon, J. Tibbits, J. V. Derlofske, and E. Nelson, “Correlation of accelerated aging to in-device lifetime of quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 47(1), 336–339 (2016).

Nizamoglu, S.

Nomura, H.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, H. Tani, Y. Ueno, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A backlight system with a phosphor sheet providing both wider color gamut and higher efficiency,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 816–819 (2014).

Ober, R.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(46), 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Oh, J. H.

Okabe, E.

Okumura, T.

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

Osinski, J.

J. Kurtin, N. Puetz, B. Theobald, N. Stott, and J. Osinski, “Quantum dots for high color gamut LCD displays using an on-chip LED solution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 146–148 (2014).

Pei, Q.

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, X.

R. Xie, D. Battaglia, and X. Peng, “Colloidal InP nanocrystals as efficient emitters covering blue to near-infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(50), 15432–15433 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119(30), 7019–7029 (1997).
[Crossref]

Puetz, N.

J. Kurtin, N. Puetz, B. Theobald, N. Stott, and J. Osinski, “Quantum dots for high color gamut LCD displays using an on-chip LED solution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 146–148 (2014).

Rodriguez-Viejo, J.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(46), 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schlamp, M. C.

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119(30), 7019–7029 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shen, X.

X. Shen, D. F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, G. S. Hu, X. B. Bian, and L. Yang, “Fabrication and characterization of YAG:Ce phosphor films for white LED applications,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27(1), 1–6 (2015).

Shi, L.

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shih, H. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shih, M. J.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shin, M. H.

Shirasaki, Y.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

Steckel, J. S.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 130–133 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Coe-Sullivan, W. Liu, P. Allen, and J. S. Steckel, “Quantum Dots for LED Downconversion in Display Applications,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 2(2), R3026–R3030 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stott, N.

J. Kurtin, N. Puetz, B. Theobald, N. Stott, and J. Osinski, “Quantum dots for high color gamut LCD displays using an on-chip LED solution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 146–148 (2014).

Sun, X. W.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Supran, G. J.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, H.

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tagaya, A.

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

Takeda, T.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(2), 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tan, G.

Tan, S. T.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tani, H.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, H. Tani, Y. Ueno, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A backlight system with a phosphor sheet providing both wider color gamut and higher efficiency,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 816–819 (2014).

Theobald, B.

J. Kurtin, N. Puetz, B. Theobald, N. Stott, and J. Osinski, “Quantum dots for high color gamut LCD displays using an on-chip LED solution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 146–148 (2014).

Thielen, J.

J. Thielen, D. Lamb, A. Lemon, J. Tibbits, J. V. Derlofske, and E. Nelson, “Correlation of accelerated aging to in-device lifetime of quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 47(1), 336–339 (2016).

Tibbits, J.

J. Thielen, D. Lamb, A. Lemon, J. Tibbits, J. V. Derlofske, and E. Nelson, “Correlation of accelerated aging to in-device lifetime of quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 47(1), 336–339 (2016).

Tobata, H.

Tsai, C. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tsai, C. Y.

Tsai, H. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tsai, K. A.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ueno, Y.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, H. Tani, Y. Ueno, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A backlight system with a phosphor sheet providing both wider color gamut and higher efficiency,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 816–819 (2014).

Ukai, Y.

Y. Ukai, “TFT-LCDs as the future leading role in FPD,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 28–31 (2013).

Wang, J.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. L.

J. Y. Lien, C. J. Chen, R. K. Chiang, and S. L. Wang, “Patternable Color-conversion Films based on Thick-shell Quantum Dots,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers48(1), 558–561 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Q. Zhou, Z. Bai, W. G. Lu, Y. Wang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “In Situ Fabrication of Halide Perovskite Nanocrystal-Embedded Polymer Composite Films with Enhanced Photoluminescence for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 28(41), 9163–9168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, A.

P. Adel, A. Wolf, T. Kodanek, and D. Dorfs, “Segmented CdSe@CdS/ZnS Nanorods Synthesized via a Partial Ion Exchange Sequence,” Chem. Mater. 26(10), 3121–3127 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on quantum-dot-enhanced liquid crystal displays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1900611 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, H. Chen, G. Tan, H. Tobata, S. Yamamoto, E. Okabe, Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, and S. T. Wu, “Optimized blue-phase liquid crystal for field-sequential-color displays,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(2), 641–650 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Z. Luo, H. Chen, Y. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Realizing Rec. 2020 color gamut with quantum dot displays,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23680–23693 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, D. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, X. G.

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xi, J.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 130–133 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, R.

R. Xie, D. Battaglia, and X. Peng, “Colloidal InP nanocrystals as efficient emitters covering blue to near-infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(50), 15432–15433 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, R. J.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(2), 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

Z. Luo, D. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, S.

Yan, Y.

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, L.

X. Shen, D. F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, G. S. Hu, X. B. Bian, and L. Yang, “Fabrication and characterization of YAG:Ce phosphor films for white LED applications,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27(1), 1–6 (2015).

Yang, X.

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, X. Y.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yeo, E.

S. H. Ji, H. C. Lee, J. M. Yoon, J. C. Lim, M. Jun, and E. Yeo, “Adobe RGB LCD monitor with 3 primary colors by deep green color filter technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 1332–1334 (2013).

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, J. M.

S. H. Ji, H. C. Lee, J. M. Yoon, J. C. Lim, M. Jun, and E. Yeo, “Adobe RGB LCD monitor with 3 primary colors by deep green color filter technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 1332–1334 (2013).

Yurek, J.

J. Chen, J. Hartlove, V. Hardev, J. Yurek, E. Lee, and S. Gensler, “High efficiency LCDs using quantum dot enhancement films,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 1428–1430 (2014).

Zhang, D. F.

X. Shen, D. F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, G. S. Hu, X. B. Bian, and L. Yang, “Fabrication and characterization of YAG:Ce phosphor films for white LED applications,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27(1), 1–6 (2015).

Zhang, F.

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, F.

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhong, H.

Q. Zhou, Z. Bai, W. G. Lu, Y. Wang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “In Situ Fabrication of Halide Perovskite Nanocrystal-Embedded Polymer Composite Films with Enhanced Photoluminescence for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 28(41), 9163–9168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Q.

Q. Zhou, Z. Bai, W. G. Lu, Y. Wang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “In Situ Fabrication of Halide Perovskite Nanocrystal-Embedded Polymer Composite Films with Enhanced Photoluminescence for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 28(41), 9163–9168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, R.

Zhu, R. D.

H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zou, B.

Q. Zhou, Z. Bai, W. G. Lu, Y. Wang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “In Situ Fabrication of Halide Perovskite Nanocrystal-Embedded Polymer Composite Films with Enhanced Photoluminescence for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 28(41), 9163–9168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

H. Huang, F. Zhao, L. Liu, F. Zhang, X. G. Wu, L. Shi, B. Zou, Q. Pei, and H. Zhong, “Emulsion Synthesis of Size-Tunable CH3NH3PbBr3 Quantum Dots: An Alternative Route toward Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(51), 28128–28133 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

X. Y. Yang, K. Dev, J. Wang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, Y. Zhao, S. Liu, Y. Tang, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(38), 5977–5984 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. J. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H.-C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
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E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
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Q. Zhou, Z. Bai, W. G. Lu, Y. Wang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “In Situ Fabrication of Halide Perovskite Nanocrystal-Embedded Polymer Composite Films with Enhanced Photoluminescence for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 28(41), 9163–9168 (2016).
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Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

S. Jun and E. Jang, “Bright and stable alloy core/multishell quantum dots,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(2), 679–682 (2013).
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T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
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P. Adel, A. Wolf, T. Kodanek, and D. Dorfs, “Segmented CdSe@CdS/ZnS Nanorods Synthesized via a Partial Ion Exchange Sequence,” Chem. Mater. 26(10), 3121–3127 (2014).
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S. Coe-Sullivan, W. Liu, P. Allen, and J. S. Steckel, “Quantum Dots for LED Downconversion in Display Applications,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 2(2), R3026–R3030 (2013).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on quantum-dot-enhanced liquid crystal displays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1900611 (2017).
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Z. Luo, D. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
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J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. (1)

X. Shen, D. F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, G. S. Hu, X. B. Bian, and L. Yang, “Fabrication and characterization of YAG:Ce phosphor films for white LED applications,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27(1), 1–6 (2015).

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H. W. Chen, R. D. Zhu, J. He, W. Duan, W. Hu, Y. Q. Lu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, Y. J. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Going beyond the limit of an LCD’s color gamut,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17043 (2017).
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SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (8)

Y. Ukai, “TFT-LCDs as the future leading role in FPD,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 28–31 (2013).

Y. Ito, T. Hori, H. Tani, Y. Ueno, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A backlight system with a phosphor sheet providing both wider color gamut and higher efficiency,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 816–819 (2014).

S. H. Ji, H. C. Lee, J. M. Yoon, J. C. Lim, M. Jun, and E. Yeo, “Adobe RGB LCD monitor with 3 primary colors by deep green color filter technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 44(1), 1332–1334 (2013).

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J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color-gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “A high-efficiency wide-color gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 43(1), 895–896 (2012).

J. Thielen, D. Lamb, A. Lemon, J. Tibbits, J. V. Derlofske, and E. Nelson, “Correlation of accelerated aging to in-device lifetime of quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 47(1), 336–339 (2016).

J. Chen, J. Hartlove, V. Hardev, J. Yurek, E. Lee, and S. Gensler, “High efficiency LCDs using quantum dot enhancement films,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 45(1), 1428–1430 (2014).

Other (2)

J. Y. Lien, C. J. Chen, R. K. Chiang, and S. L. Wang, “Patternable Color-conversion Films based on Thick-shell Quantum Dots,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers48(1), 558–561 (2017).
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S. Kobayashi, S. Mikoshiba, and S. Lim, LCD Backlights (John Wiley & Sons, 2009).

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Structure diagram of the LCD backlight with QMA; (b) optical path in the proposed LGP; (c) partial magnification diagram of the optical path within a single QD microstructure unit.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Change tendency of peak intensity and peak position for (a) red and (b) green QD concentrations.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Emissive spectral curves of the red/green QD mixed solution at different ratios.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Emission spectra of the QD slurry under different excitation voltages; (b) optical path diagram of the PL test.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Numerical calculation results. (a) The distribution of the received irradiance E at the bottom surface of the LGP; (b) the of the radius r0 at the bottom surface of the LGP.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Density distribution of the QD microstructures for 5.5-inch LCD backlight; (b) illuminance distribution of the simulated QD BLM; (c) illuminance curve corresponding to the black/red dotted lines in (b); (d) the established optical module of the 5.5-inch QD BLM; (e) density distribution of the QD microstructures for the 5.5-inch partition backlight (characters “FZU”); (f), (g) illuminance distribution and the corresponding illuminance curves of the partition illumination.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Fabrication processes of the QMA using screen printing technology.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) 5.5-inch red/green monochromatic QD BLM prototype; (b) 5.5-inch white-balance QD BLM and the specific partition backlight for the characters “FZU” using the QMA; (c) comparison of a QD LGP and a QD sheet; (d) partial magnification of the QMA; (e) 3D image and the corresponding profile of a single QD microstructure.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The flexible LGP at a certain curvature radius.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Different radii of the flexible LGPs and the corresponding light propagation situation.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Brightness fluctuation test of QD BLM with different curvatures.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 (a) Printing preparation; (b) QD slurry coating by the coating scraper; (c) QMA printing by the printing scraper.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 (a) The fabricated 27-inch screen printing plate for 27-inch QD LGP; the QMA design patterns close to (b) and far from (c) the LED sources; (d) the screen printing plate under a 100 × handheld microscope; (e) and (f) different-sized printed QMAs on the 27-inch QD LGP under a 100 × handheld microscope.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 (a) Normalized spectra and (b) chromaticity diagram of the 27-inch curved QD BLM prototype with QMA.
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 (a)The structure and (b) the emission spectrum of the 27-inch LCD display monitor prototype.
Fig. 16
Fig. 16 Actual display effect. (a) The 27-inch curved LCD monitor with QMA; (b) the traditional LCD monitor without QMA.

Equations (8)

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ϕ ( λ ) = α R exp [ 2.773 ( λ β R θ R ) 2 ] + α G exp [ 2.773 ( λ β G θ G ) 2 ] + α B exp [ 2.773 ( λ β B θ B ) 2 ] ,
x = 380 780 φ ( λ ) x ¯ ( λ ) 380 780 φ ( λ ) x ¯ ( λ ) + 380 780 φ ( λ ) y ¯ ( λ ) + 380 780 φ ( λ ) z ¯ ( λ )
y = 380 780 φ ( λ ) y ¯ ( λ ) 380 780 φ ( λ ) x ¯ ( λ ) + 380 780 φ ( λ ) y ¯ ( λ ) + 380 780 φ ( λ ) z ¯ ( λ )
E = l 0 l 0 + l i I 0 x 2 + ( y a ) 2 G ( x , y , a ) d a
r 0 = 1 x 1 ( M 0 l * i I 0 x 2 + ( y a ) 2 g ( x , y , a ) d a 1 )
r sin θ = r + d sin ( π 2 + I m )
sin θ = r r + d cos I m sin I m
r d tan I m 1 tan I m

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