Abstract

We have demonstrated a frequency-stepped pulse train (FSPT) generation system enabling direct oxygen A-band spectroscopy in the time domain. The FSPT is formed by circulating the initial single-frequency pulses at ~1529.5 nm in an amplified frequency-shifted loop (AFSL). An FSPT with up to 80 equidistant optical frequencies can be generated with a frequency spacing of 200 MHz in this configuration. The fundamental wavelength of the FSPT is then frequency doubled to ~764.75 nm, covering one absorption peak in oxygen A-band, for the proof-of-principle experiment in spectroscopy. The oxygen transmission curves retrieved from FSPT-based differential absorption measurement are in good agreement with the calculated results from HITRAN database. The root-mean-squared errors between the measured and calculated results are 0.68% and 0.55% for clean air at 1 atm. and 1.5 atm., respectively. The wavelength of such an FSPT can be further extended to match the absorption lines of various gases by selecting proper gain media or through nonlinear frequency conversion, thereby making the FSPT-based spectroscopy a promising candidate for trace-gas remote sensing.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (6)

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Guillet de Chatellus, L. Romero Cortés, C. Schnébelin, M. Burla, and J. Azaña, “Reconfigurable photonic generation of broadband chirped waveforms using a single CW laser and low-frequency electronics,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2438 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Martín-Mateos, B. Jerez, P. Largo-Izquierdo, and P. Acedo, “Frequency accurate coherent electro-optic dual-comb spectroscopy in real-time,” Opt. Express 26(8), 9700–9713 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. B. Hébert, D. G. Lancaster, V. Michaud-Belleau, G. Y. Chen, and J. Genest, “Highly coherent free-running dual-comb chip platform,” Opt. Lett. 43(8), 1814–1817 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liao, Y. Song, W. Liu, H. Shi, L. Chai, and M. Hu, “Dual-comb spectroscopy with a single free-running thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(8), 11046–11054 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Durán, C. Schnébelin, and H. Guillet de Chatellus, “Coherent multi-heterodyne spectroscopy using acousto-optic frequency combs,” Opt. Express 26(11), 13800–13809 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (7)

S. Fu, W. Shi, Y. Feng, L. Zhang, Z. Yang, S. Xu, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Review of recent progress on single-frequency fiber lasers [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(3), A49–A62 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Riris, M. Rodriguez, J. Mao, G. Allan, and J. Abshire, “Airborne demonstration of atmospheric oxygen optical depth measurements with an integrated path differential absorption lidar,” Opt. Express 25(23), 29307–29327 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. You, T. Chen, W. Kong, H. Liu, Y. Hu, and R. Shu, “Frequency doubling of a pulsed wavelength-agile Erbium-doped fiber MOPA for Oxygen A-band spectroscopy,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2736546 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Ma, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on dual polarization IQ modulator shared by two polarization-orthogonal recirculating frequency shifting loops,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2745558 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, A. Liu, J. Dai, Y. Zhou, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “A broadband, rectangular and self-sustained optical frequency comb generation employing recirculation frequency shifter,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 7803207 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, M. Brunel, H. Zhang, M. Vallet, C. Zhao, and S. Yang, “RF up-conversion and waveform generation using a frequency shifting amplifying fiber loop, application to Doppler velocimetry,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106609 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

2015 (2)

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Martín-Mateos, B. Jerez, and P. Acedo, “Dual electro-optic optical frequency combs for multiheterodyne molecular dispersion spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21149–21158 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

H. Tsuchida, “Laser frequency modulation noise measurement by recirculating delayed self-heterodyne method,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 681–683 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Olesen, A. T. Pedersen, and K. Rottwitt, “Frequency stepped pulse train modulated wind sensing lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8159, 81590O (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

K. Takano, K. Nakagawa, Y. Takahashi, and H. Ito, “Reduction of power fluctuation in pulsed lightwave frequency sweepers with SOA following EDFA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(7), 525–527 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Stephen, M. Krainak, H. Riris, and G. R. Allan, “Narrowband, tunable, frequency-doubled, erbium-doped fiber-amplifed transmitter,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2073–2075 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1987 (1)

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, and R. H. Kagann, “A lidar system for measuring atmospheric pressure and temperature profiles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58(12), 2226–2237 (1987).
[Crossref]

Abshire, J.

H. Riris, M. Rodriguez, J. Mao, G. Allan, and J. Abshire, “Airborne demonstration of atmospheric oxygen optical depth measurements with an integrated path differential absorption lidar,” Opt. Express 25(23), 29307–29327 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
[Crossref]

Abshire, J. B.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
[Crossref]

Acedo, P.

Allan, G.

H. Riris, M. Rodriguez, J. Mao, G. Allan, and J. Abshire, “Airborne demonstration of atmospheric oxygen optical depth measurements with an integrated path differential absorption lidar,” Opt. Express 25(23), 29307–29327 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
[Crossref]

Allan, G. R.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Stephen, M. Krainak, H. Riris, and G. R. Allan, “Narrowband, tunable, frequency-doubled, erbium-doped fiber-amplifed transmitter,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2073–2075 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Auwera, J. V.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Azaña, J.

H. Guillet de Chatellus, L. Romero Cortés, C. Schnébelin, M. Burla, and J. Azaña, “Reconfigurable photonic generation of broadband chirped waveforms using a single CW laser and low-frequency electronics,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2438 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barbe, A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bernath, P. F.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Birk, M.

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H. Guillet de Chatellus, L. Romero Cortés, C. Schnébelin, M. Burla, and J. Azaña, “Reconfigurable photonic generation of broadband chirped waveforms using a single CW laser and low-frequency electronics,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2438 (2018).
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Chen, J.

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M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
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Chen, J. R.

Chen, T.

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Chen, X.

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Császár, A. G.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Dong, B.

Dong, Z.

Drouin, B. J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Durán, V.

Engin, D.

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Feng, X.

Feng, Y.

Flaud, J. M.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Fu, S.

Furtenbacher, T.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Gamache, R. R.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Gangi, J. D.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
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Genest, J.

Gonzales, B.

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
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Gordon, I. E.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Guan, B. O.

Guillet de Chatellus, H.

V. Durán, C. Schnébelin, and H. Guillet de Chatellus, “Coherent multi-heterodyne spectroscopy using acousto-optic frequency combs,” Opt. Express 26(11), 13800–13809 (2018).
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H. Guillet de Chatellus, L. Romero Cortés, C. Schnébelin, M. Burla, and J. Azaña, “Reconfigurable photonic generation of broadband chirped waveforms using a single CW laser and low-frequency electronics,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2438 (2018).
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Han, L.

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, M.

Harrison, J. J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Hartmann, J. M.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Hasselbrack, W.

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
[Crossref]

Hasselbrack, W. E.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
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Hébert, N. B.

Hill, C.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Hodges, J. T.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Horiguchi, T.

Hu, G.

Hu, M.

Hu, Y.

F. You, T. Chen, W. Kong, H. Liu, Y. Hu, and R. Shu, “Frequency doubling of a pulsed wavelength-agile Erbium-doped fiber MOPA for Oxygen A-band spectroscopy,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2736546 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ito, H.

K. Takano, K. Nakagawa, Y. Takahashi, and H. Ito, “Reduction of power fluctuation in pulsed lightwave frequency sweepers with SOA following EDFA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(7), 525–527 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Takano, K. Nakagawa, and H. Ito, “Influence of optical filters on pulse circulation in fiber rings with a frequency shifter and EDFA,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10313–10323 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacquemart, D.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jerez, B.

Johnson, T. J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jolly, A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kagann, R. H.

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, and R. H. Kagann, “A lidar system for measuring atmospheric pressure and temperature profiles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58(12), 2226–2237 (1987).
[Crossref]

Karman, T.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kawa, S. R.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kleiner, I.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kochanov, R. V.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kong, W.

F. You, T. Chen, W. Kong, H. Liu, Y. Hu, and R. Shu, “Frequency doubling of a pulsed wavelength-agile Erbium-doped fiber MOPA for Oxygen A-band spectroscopy,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2736546 (2017).
[Crossref]

Korb, C. L.

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, and R. H. Kagann, “A lidar system for measuring atmospheric pressure and temperature profiles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58(12), 2226–2237 (1987).
[Crossref]

Koyamada, Y.

Krainak, M.

Kyuberis, A. A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lancaster, D. G.

Largo-Izquierdo, P.

Li, C.

Li, F.

Li, J.

J. Li, H. Ma, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on dual polarization IQ modulator shared by two polarization-orthogonal recirculating frequency shifting loops,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2745558 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, A. Liu, J. Dai, Y. Zhou, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “A broadband, rectangular and self-sustained optical frequency comb generation employing recirculation frequency shifter,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 7803207 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, C. Yu, and Z. Li, “Complementary frequency shifter based on polarization modulator used for generation of a high-quality frequency-locked multicarrier,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1513–1516 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lin, L. Xi, J. Li, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, and S. A. Niazi, “Low noise optical multi-carrier generation using optical-FIR filter for ASE noise suppression in re-circulating frequency shifter loop,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7852–7864 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Li, Z.

J. Li, H. Ma, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on dual polarization IQ modulator shared by two polarization-orthogonal recirculating frequency shifting loops,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2745558 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, C. Yu, and Z. Li, “Complementary frequency shifter based on polarization modulator used for generation of a high-quality frequency-locked multicarrier,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1513–1516 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, R.

Lin, J.

Liu, A.

J. Liu, A. Liu, J. Dai, Y. Zhou, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “A broadband, rectangular and self-sustained optical frequency comb generation employing recirculation frequency shifter,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 7803207 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

F. You, T. Chen, W. Kong, H. Liu, Y. Hu, and R. Shu, “Frequency doubling of a pulsed wavelength-agile Erbium-doped fiber MOPA for Oxygen A-band spectroscopy,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2736546 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, A. Liu, J. Dai, Y. Zhou, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “A broadband, rectangular and self-sustained optical frequency comb generation employing recirculation frequency shifter,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 7803207 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Liu, Y.

Loos, J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lyulin, O. M.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

J. Li, H. Ma, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on dual polarization IQ modulator shared by two polarization-orthogonal recirculating frequency shifting loops,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2745558 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mao, J.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Riris, M. Rodriguez, J. Mao, G. Allan, and J. Abshire, “Airborne demonstration of atmospheric oxygen optical depth measurements with an integrated path differential absorption lidar,” Opt. Express 25(23), 29307–29327 (2017).
[Crossref]

Martín-Mateos, P.

Massie, S. T.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mathason, B.

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
[Crossref]

Michaud-Belleau, V.

Mikhailenko, S. N.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Milrod, J.

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, and R. H. Kagann, “A lidar system for measuring atmospheric pressure and temperature profiles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58(12), 2226–2237 (1987).
[Crossref]

Minasian, R. A.

Moazzen-Ahmadi, N.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Müller, H. S. P.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nakagawa, K.

K. Takano, K. Nakagawa, Y. Takahashi, and H. Ito, “Reduction of power fluctuation in pulsed lightwave frequency sweepers with SOA following EDFA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(7), 525–527 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Takano, K. Nakagawa, and H. Ito, “Influence of optical filters on pulse circulation in fiber rings with a frequency shifter and EDFA,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10313–10323 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Naumenko, O. V.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Newbury, N.

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nguyen, T. A.

Niazi, S. A.

Nicholson, J.

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
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Nikitin, A. V.

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M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
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J. R. Chen, K. Numata, and S. T. Wu, “Error reduction in retrievals of atmospheric species from symmetrically measured lidar sounding absorption spectra,” Opt. Express 22(21), 26055–26075 (2014).
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J. R. Chen, K. Numata, and S. T. Wu, “Error reduction methods for integrated-path differential-absorption lidar measurements,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15589–15609 (2012).
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A. S. Olesen, A. T. Pedersen, and K. Rottwitt, “Frequency stepped pulse train modulated wind sensing lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8159, 81590O (2011).
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Pedersen, A. T.

A. T. Pedersen and K. Rottwitt, “Frequency noise in frequency swept fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(7), 1089–1091 (2013).
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A. S. Olesen, A. T. Pedersen, and K. Rottwitt, “Frequency stepped pulse train modulated wind sensing lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8159, 81590O (2011).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Polyansky, O. L.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Riris, H.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
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M. Stephen, M. Krainak, H. Riris, and G. R. Allan, “Narrowband, tunable, frequency-doubled, erbium-doped fiber-amplifed transmitter,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2073–2075 (2007).
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Rodriguez, M.

Romero Cortés, L.

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A. T. Pedersen and K. Rottwitt, “Frequency noise in frequency swept fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(7), 1089–1091 (2013).
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A. S. Olesen, A. T. Pedersen, and K. Rottwitt, “Frequency stepped pulse train modulated wind sensing lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8159, 81590O (2011).
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Schnébelin, C.

H. Guillet de Chatellus, L. Romero Cortés, C. Schnébelin, M. Burla, and J. Azaña, “Reconfigurable photonic generation of broadband chirped waveforms using a single CW laser and low-frequency electronics,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2438 (2018).
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V. Durán, C. Schnébelin, and H. Guillet de Chatellus, “Coherent multi-heterodyne spectroscopy using acousto-optic frequency combs,” Opt. Express 26(11), 13800–13809 (2018).
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Shine, K. P.

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Smith, M. A. H.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Stephen, M.

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
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M. Stephen, M. Krainak, H. Riris, and G. R. Allan, “Narrowband, tunable, frequency-doubled, erbium-doped fiber-amplifed transmitter,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2073–2075 (2007).
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Storm, M.

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
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Sun, X.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
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Sung, K.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Takano, K.

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Tashkun, S. A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Tennyson, J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Toon, G. C.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tran, H.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tsuchida, H.

Tyuterev, V. G.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vallet, M.

H. Yang, M. Brunel, H. Zhang, M. Vallet, C. Zhao, and S. Yang, “RF up-conversion and waveform generation using a frequency shifting amplifying fiber loop, application to Doppler velocimetry,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wagner, G.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wai, P. K. A.

Walden, H.

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, and R. H. Kagann, “A lidar system for measuring atmospheric pressure and temperature profiles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58(12), 2226–2237 (1987).
[Crossref]

Wan, M.

Wang, A.

Wang, L.

Wang, X.

Wcislo, P.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wilzewski, J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

Xi, L.

Xu, K.

J. Liu, A. Liu, J. Dai, Y. Zhou, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “A broadband, rectangular and self-sustained optical frequency comb generation employing recirculation frequency shifter,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 7803207 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

Yang, H.

H. Yang, M. Brunel, H. Zhang, M. Vallet, C. Zhao, and S. Yang, “RF up-conversion and waveform generation using a frequency shifting amplifying fiber loop, application to Doppler velocimetry,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, M.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

H. Yang, M. Brunel, H. Zhang, M. Vallet, C. Zhao, and S. Yang, “RF up-conversion and waveform generation using a frequency shifting amplifying fiber loop, application to Doppler velocimetry,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Yasui, T.

Yin, F.

J. Liu, A. Liu, J. Dai, Y. Zhou, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “A broadband, rectangular and self-sustained optical frequency comb generation employing recirculation frequency shifter,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 7803207 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ying, M.

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
[Crossref]

You, F.

F. You, T. Chen, W. Kong, H. Liu, Y. Hu, and R. Shu, “Frequency doubling of a pulsed wavelength-agile Erbium-doped fiber MOPA for Oxygen A-band spectroscopy,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2736546 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, A.

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

Yu, J.

Yu, S.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Zak, E. J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbacher, J. J. Harrison, J. M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikova, S. A. Tashkun, J. V. Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J Quant. Spectrosc. and Radiat. Trans. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Yang, M. Brunel, H. Zhang, M. Vallet, C. Zhao, and S. Yang, “RF up-conversion and waveform generation using a frequency shifting amplifying fiber loop, application to Doppler velocimetry,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X.

Zhao, B.

Zhao, C.

H. Yang, M. Brunel, H. Zhang, M. Vallet, C. Zhao, and S. Yang, “RF up-conversion and waveform generation using a frequency shifting amplifying fiber loop, application to Doppler velocimetry,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

Zheng, Z.

Zhou, Y.

J. Liu, A. Liu, J. Dai, Y. Zhou, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “A broadband, rectangular and self-sustained optical frequency comb generation employing recirculation frequency shifter,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 7803207 (2017).
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Zhu, X.

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Atmos. Meas. Tech. (1)

J. B. Abshire, A. Ramanathan, H. Riris, G. R. Allan, X. Sun, W. E. Hasselbrack, J. Mao, S. Wu, J. Chen, K. Numata, S. R. Kawa, M. Ying, M. Yang, and J. D. Gangi, “Airborne Measurements of CO2 Column Concentrations made with a Pulsed IPDA Lidar using a Multiple-Wavelength-Locked Laser and HgCdTe APD Detector,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11(4), 1–36 (2018).
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IEEE Photonics J. (4)

J. Li, H. Ma, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on dual polarization IQ modulator shared by two polarization-orthogonal recirculating frequency shifting loops,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2745558 (2017).
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J. Liu, A. Liu, J. Dai, Y. Zhou, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “A broadband, rectangular and self-sustained optical frequency comb generation employing recirculation frequency shifter,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 7803207 (2017).
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H. Yang, M. Brunel, H. Zhang, M. Vallet, C. Zhao, and S. Yang, “RF up-conversion and waveform generation using a frequency shifting amplifying fiber loop, application to Doppler velocimetry,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106609 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. You, T. Chen, W. Kong, H. Liu, Y. Hu, and R. Shu, “Frequency doubling of a pulsed wavelength-agile Erbium-doped fiber MOPA for Oxygen A-band spectroscopy,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 2736546 (2017).
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IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Commun. (1)

H. Guillet de Chatellus, L. Romero Cortés, C. Schnébelin, M. Burla, and J. Azaña, “Reconfigurable photonic generation of broadband chirped waveforms using a single CW laser and low-frequency electronics,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2438 (2018).
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Opt. Express (13)

K. Takano, K. Nakagawa, and H. Ito, “Influence of optical filters on pulse circulation in fiber rings with a frequency shifter and EDFA,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10313–10323 (2006).
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H. Riris, M. Rodriguez, J. Mao, G. Allan, and J. Abshire, “Airborne demonstration of atmospheric oxygen optical depth measurements with an integrated path differential absorption lidar,” Opt. Express 25(23), 29307–29327 (2017).
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P. Martín-Mateos, B. Jerez, P. Largo-Izquierdo, and P. Acedo, “Frequency accurate coherent electro-optic dual-comb spectroscopy in real-time,” Opt. Express 26(8), 9700–9713 (2018).
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J. Lin, L. Xi, J. Li, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, and S. A. Niazi, “Low noise optical multi-carrier generation using optical-FIR filter for ASE noise suppression in re-circulating frequency shifter loop,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7852–7864 (2014).
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J. R. Chen, K. Numata, and S. T. Wu, “Error reduction in retrievals of atmospheric species from symmetrically measured lidar sounding absorption spectra,” Opt. Express 22(21), 26055–26075 (2014).
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P. Martín-Mateos, B. Jerez, and P. Acedo, “Dual electro-optic optical frequency combs for multiheterodyne molecular dispersion spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21149–21158 (2015).
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K. Numata, J. R. Chen, and S. T. Wu, “Precision and fast wavelength tuning of a dynamically phase-locked widely-tunable laser,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14234–14243 (2012).
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J. R. Chen, K. Numata, and S. T. Wu, “Error reduction methods for integrated-path differential-absorption lidar measurements,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15589–15609 (2012).
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X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Dong, J. Zhang, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, “Multi-channel multi-carrier generation using multi-wavelength frequency shifting recirculating loop,” Opt. Express 20(20), 21833–21839 (2012).
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X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21833–21845 (2016).
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M. Wan, L. Wang, F. Li, Y. Cao, X. Wang, X. Feng, B. O. Guan, and P. K. A. Wai, “Rapid, k-space linear wavelength scanning laser source based on recirculating frequency shifter,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27614–27621 (2016).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

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Proc. SPIE (2)

M. Stephen, A. Yu, J. Chen, J. Nicholson, D. Engin, B. Mathason, S. Wu, G. Allan, W. Hasselbrack, B. Gonzales, L. Han, K. Numata, M. Storm, and J. Abshire, “Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space,” Proc. SPIE 9612, 96120B (2015).
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A. S. Olesen, A. T. Pedersen, and K. Rottwitt, “Frequency stepped pulse train modulated wind sensing lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8159, 81590O (2011).
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Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, and R. H. Kagann, “A lidar system for measuring atmospheric pressure and temperature profiles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58(12), 2226–2237 (1987).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

M. A. Stephen, J. Mao, J. B. Abshire, X. Sun, S. R. Kawa, and M. A. Krainak, “Oxygen Spectroscopy Laser Sounding Instrument for Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Pressure,” in Biomedical Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper JMA19.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme of the FSPT generation system for oxygen A-band spectroscopy. DFB: distributed feedback laser, PM: Polarization maintaining, AOM: acousto-optic modulator, DET: detector, CIR: circulator, FRM: Faraday rotation mirror, FWDM: filter-type wavelength division multiplexer, DWDM: dense wavelength division multiplexer, ISO: isolator, AMP: amplifier, EDF: Erbium-doped fiber, AWG: arbitrary wave generator, SM: single mode, MM: multimode
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Drive pulses of AOM1 and the corresponding optical pulses for FSPT with different amount of equidistant optical frequencies; (a): single drive pulse; (b): single optical pulse; (c)-(h): drive pulses of AOM1 and the corresponding optical pulses for FSPT with 20 (c and d), 50 (e and f), and 80 (g and h) equidistant optical frequencies, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Beating signals between the CW DFB seed and the first five pulses of the FSPT together with their corresponding FFT spectra; (a)-(e): beating signals; (f)-(j): FFT spectra; the insets of (b)-(e): beating signals around the pulse peaks in a shorter time duration of 10 ns.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Time-averaged spectrum of the amplified FSPT with 80 equidistant optical frequencies. Inset: spectral comparison of the DFB laser, seed FSPT and the DWDM filter
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Direct time domain oxygen A-band spectroscopy measured by a SH FSPT; (a)-(b): reference and detecting signals at 1.0 atm.; (c)-(d): reference and detecting signals at 1.5 atm.; (e): transmittance retrieved from the measured data and calculated from HITRAN database (γ0 = 392018 GHz).

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