Abstract

Electron correlation is ubiquitous across diverse physical systems from atoms and molecules to condensed matter. Observing and controlling dynamical electron correlation in photoinduced processes paves the way to the coherent control of chemical reactionsand photobiological processes. Here, we experimentally investigate dynamics of electron correlation in double ionization of neon irradiated by intense elliptically polarized laser pulses. We find a characteristic, ellipticity-dependent, correlated electron emission along the minor axis of the elliptically polarized light. This observation is well reproduced by a semi-classical ensemble model simulation. By tracing back the corresponding electron trajectories, we find that the dynamical energy sharing during the electron emission process is modified by the ellipticity of the laser light. Thus, our work provides evidence for a possible ultrafast control of the energy sharing between the correlated electrons by varying the light ellipticity.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
  35. Y. Li, B. Yu, Q. Tang, X. Wang, D. Hua, A. Tong, C. Jiang, G. Ge, Y. Li, and J. Wan, “Transition of recollision trajectories from linear to elliptical polarization,” Opt. Express 24, 6469–6479 (2016)
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2018 (3)

L. He, P. Lan, A. Le, B. Wang, B. Wang, X. Zhu, P. Lu, and C. D. Lin, “Real-Time Observation of Molecular Spinning with Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 163201 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

Q. Li, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Universal time delay in the recollision impact ionization pathway of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 50, 225601 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

2014 (1)

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

M. Y. Wu, Y. L. Wang, X. J. Liu, W. D. Li, X. L. Hao, and J. Chen, “Coulomb-potential effects in nonsequential double ionization under elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013431 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. X. Hu, “Optimizing the FEDVR-TDCC code for exploring the quantum dynamics of two-electron systems in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 81, 056705 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical Trajectory Diagnosis of a Fingerlike Pattern in the Correlated Electron Momentum Distribution in Strong Field Double Ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Shvetsov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-Field Double Ionization of Ar below the Recollision Threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, and W. Becker, “Attosecond electron thermalization in laser-induced nonsequential multiple ionization: hard versus glancing collisions,” New J. Phys. 10, 025010 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B 39, L305 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-Energy Cutoff in the Spectrum of Strong-Field Nonsequential Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, T. Osipov, S. Voss, C. M. Maharjan, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C.L. Cocke, “Laser-peak-intensity calibration using recoil-ion momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023413 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated Multielectron Dynamics in Ultrafast Laser Pulse Interactions with Atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 253001(2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, “Rescattering Double Ionization of D2 and H2 by Intense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L.P.H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: Reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-Down Collisions and Nonsequential Double Ionization in Classical Simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 130011(2002).
[Crossref]

R. Dörner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 1–34 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

R. Panfili, J. H. Eberly, and S. L. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 8, 431–435(2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. L. Yudin and M. Y. Ivanov, “Nonadiabatic tunnel ionization: Looking inside a laser cycle,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 013409 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (4)

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Cornaggia and Ph. Hering, “Nonsequential double ionization of small molecules induced by a femtosecond laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023403 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

C. Guo, M. Li, J.P. Nibarger, and G.N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R4271–R4274 (1998).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1983 (1)

A. L’Huillier, L.A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions induced by multiphoton absorption in rare gases at 0.53 μm,” Phys. Rev. A 27, 2503–2512 (1983).
[Crossref]

Afaneh, F.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alnaser, A. S.

A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, T. Osipov, S. Voss, C. M. Maharjan, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C.L. Cocke, “Laser-peak-intensity calibration using recoil-ion momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023413 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, “Rescattering Double Ionization of D2 and H2 by Intense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[Crossref]

Baltuska, A.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Becker, W.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, and W. Becker, “Attosecond electron thermalization in laser-induced nonsequential multiple ionization: hard versus glancing collisions,” New J. Phys. 10, 025010 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. I. Shvetsov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063405 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B 39, L305 (2006).
[Crossref]

Benis, E. P.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, “Rescattering Double Ionization of D2 and H2 by Intense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[Crossref]

Blaga, C. I.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-Energy Cutoff in the Spectrum of Strong-Field Nonsequential Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cerezo, A.

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chang, Z.

A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, T. Osipov, S. Voss, C. M. Maharjan, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C.L. Cocke, “Laser-peak-intensity calibration using recoil-ion momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023413 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

M. Y. Wu, Y. L. Wang, X. J. Liu, W. D. Li, X. L. Hao, and J. Chen, “Coulomb-potential effects in nonsequential double ionization under elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013431 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cocke, C. L.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, “Rescattering Double Ionization of D2 and H2 by Intense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cocke, C.L.

A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, T. Osipov, S. Voss, C. M. Maharjan, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C.L. Cocke, “Laser-peak-intensity calibration using recoil-ion momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023413 (2004).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corkum, P.B.

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B 39, L305 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cornaggia, C.

C. Cornaggia and Ph. Hering, “Nonsequential double ionization of small molecules induced by a femtosecond laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Czasch, A.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
[Crossref]

de Jesus, V. L. B.

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated Multielectron Dynamics in Ultrafast Laser Pulse Interactions with Atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 253001(2004).
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Delone, N. B.

DiMauro, L. F.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-Energy Cutoff in the Spectrum of Strong-Field Nonsequential Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
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Dorn, A.

J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L.P.H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: Reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463 (2003).
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R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Dörner, R.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
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H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
[Crossref]

J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L.P.H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: Reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463 (2003).
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O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
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R. Dörner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 1–34 (2002).
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Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dreischuh, A.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dürr, M.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-Field Double Ionization of Ar below the Recollision Threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1043 (2012).
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P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
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R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-Down Collisions and Nonsequential Double Ionization in Classical Simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 130011(2002).
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R. Panfili, J. H. Eberly, and S. L. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 8, 431–435(2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eckart, S.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
[Crossref]

Eremina, E.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
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Fehre, K.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feuerstein, B.

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated Multielectron Dynamics in Ultrafast Laser Pulse Interactions with Atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 253001(2004).
[Crossref]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, and W. Becker, “Attosecond electron thermalization in laser-induced nonsequential multiple ionization: hard versus glancing collisions,” New J. Phys. 10, 025010 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B 39, L305 (2006).
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Ge, G.

Gibson, G.N.

C. Guo, M. Li, J.P. Nibarger, and G.N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R4271–R4274 (1998).
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Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
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N. I. Shvetsov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063405 (2008).
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C. Guo, M. Li, J.P. Nibarger, and G.N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R4271–R4274 (1998).
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Haan, S. L.

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-Down Collisions and Nonsequential Double Ionization in Classical Simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 130011(2002).
[Crossref]

R. Panfili, J. H. Eberly, and S. L. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 8, 431–435(2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, X.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, X. L.

M. Y. Wu, Y. L. Wang, X. J. Liu, W. D. Li, X. L. Hao, and J. Chen, “Coulomb-potential effects in nonsequential double ionization under elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013431 (2013).
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Hattas, M.

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
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Hattass, M.

R. Dörner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 1–34 (2002).
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He, L.

L. He, P. Lan, A. Le, B. Wang, B. Wang, X. Zhu, P. Lu, and C. D. Lin, “Real-Time Observation of Molecular Spinning with Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 163201 (2018).
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H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
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C. Cornaggia and Ph. Hering, “Nonsequential double ionization of small molecules induced by a femtosecond laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023403 (2000).
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W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ho, P. J.

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
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Hoffmann, K.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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S. X. Hu, “Optimizing the FEDVR-TDCC code for exploring the quantum dynamics of two-electron systems in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 81, 056705 (2010).
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Huang, C.

Huang, M.

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
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G. L. Yudin and M. Y. Ivanov, “Nonadiabatic tunnel ionization: Looking inside a laser cycle,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 013409 (2001).
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O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
[Crossref]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
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Jahnke, T.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
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Jiang, C.

Kang, H.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
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H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
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Kartashov, D.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
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Kitzler, M.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
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Korn, G.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Krainov, V. P.

Kunitski, M.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
[Crossref]

L’Huillier, A.

A. L’Huillier, L.A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions induced by multiphoton absorption in rare gases at 0.53 μm,” Phys. Rev. A 27, 2503–2512 (1983).
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Lan, P.

L. He, P. Lan, A. Le, B. Wang, B. Wang, X. Zhu, P. Lu, and C. D. Lin, “Real-Time Observation of Molecular Spinning with Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 163201 (2018).
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Le, A.

L. He, P. Lan, A. Le, B. Wang, B. Wang, X. Zhu, P. Lu, and C. D. Lin, “Real-Time Observation of Molecular Spinning with Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 163201 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

C. Guo, M. Li, J.P. Nibarger, and G.N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R4271–R4274 (1998).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

Q. Li, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Universal time delay in the recollision impact ionization pathway of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 50, 225601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, W. D.

M. Y. Wu, Y. L. Wang, X. J. Liu, W. D. Li, X. L. Hao, and J. Chen, “Coulomb-potential effects in nonsequential double ionization under elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013431 (2013).
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Li, Y.

Liao, Q.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 2301–2308 (2011)
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Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. D.

L. He, P. Lan, A. Le, B. Wang, B. Wang, X. Zhu, P. Lu, and C. D. Lin, “Real-Time Observation of Molecular Spinning with Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 163201 (2018).
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A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, “Rescattering Double Ionization of D2 and H2 by Intense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
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Liu, J.

D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical Trajectory Diagnosis of a Fingerlike Pattern in the Correlated Electron Momentum Distribution in Strong Field Double Ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233003 (2008).
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Liu, X.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, and W. Becker, “Attosecond electron thermalization in laser-induced nonsequential multiple ionization: hard versus glancing collisions,” New J. Phys. 10, 025010 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical Trajectory Diagnosis of a Fingerlike Pattern in the Correlated Electron Momentum Distribution in Strong Field Double Ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B 39, L305 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, X. J.

M. Y. Wu, Y. L. Wang, X. J. Liu, W. D. Li, X. L. Hao, and J. Chen, “Coulomb-potential effects in nonsequential double ionization under elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013431 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-Field Double Ionization of Ar below the Recollision Threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lompre, L.A.

A. L’Huillier, L.A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions induced by multiphoton absorption in rare gases at 0.53 μm,” Phys. Rev. A 27, 2503–2512 (1983).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

L. He, P. Lan, A. Le, B. Wang, B. Wang, X. Zhu, P. Lu, and C. D. Lin, “Real-Time Observation of Molecular Spinning with Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 163201 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Li, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Universal time delay in the recollision impact ionization pathway of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 50, 225601 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Multiple recollisions in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 013425 (2016).
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L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
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Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 2301–2308 (2011)
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Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053402 (2010).
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Ma, X.

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Multiple recollisions in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 013425 (2016).
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A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, T. Osipov, S. Voss, C. M. Maharjan, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C.L. Cocke, “Laser-peak-intensity calibration using recoil-ion momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023413 (2004).
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O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
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Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
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Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
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Morgner, U.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-Field Double Ionization of Ar below the Recollision Threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
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Moshammer, R.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-Field Double Ionization of Ar below the Recollision Threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated Multielectron Dynamics in Ultrafast Laser Pulse Interactions with Atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 253001(2004).
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E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
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J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L.P.H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: Reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463 (2003).
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R. Dörner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 1–34 (2002).
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R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, T. Osipov, S. Voss, C. M. Maharjan, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C.L. Cocke, “Laser-peak-intensity calibration using recoil-ion momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023413 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, “Rescattering Double Ionization of D2 and H2 by Intense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
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R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-Down Collisions and Nonsequential Double Ionization in Classical Simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 130011(2002).
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J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-Energy Cutoff in the Spectrum of Strong-Field Nonsequential Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
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Paulus, G. G.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
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Popruzhenko, S. V.

N. I. Shvetsov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063405 (2008).
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Roither, S.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rottke, H.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudenko, A.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-Field Double Ionization of Ar below the Recollision Threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated Multielectron Dynamics in Ultrafast Laser Pulse Interactions with Atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 253001(2004).
[Crossref]

Sandner, W.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schätzel, M. G.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, L. Ph. H.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
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Schmidt, L.P.H.

J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L.P.H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: Reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schmidt-Böcking, H.

J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L.P.H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: Reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463 (2003).
[Crossref]

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Dörner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 1–34 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schmitt, W.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schöffler, M.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
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L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schröter, C. D.

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated Multielectron Dynamics in Ultrafast Laser Pulse Interactions with Atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 253001(2004).
[Crossref]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultz, K. D.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-Energy Cutoff in the Spectrum of Strong-Field Nonsequential Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shafir, D.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shan, B.

A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, T. Osipov, S. Voss, C. M. Maharjan, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C.L. Cocke, “Laser-peak-intensity calibration using recoil-ion momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023413 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, “Rescattering Double Ionization of D2 and H2 by Intense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shvetsov-Shilovski, N. I.

N. I. Shvetsov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Siegel, M.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-Field Double Ionization of Ar below the Recollision Threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, G. D. W.

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
[Crossref]

Spielberger, L.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spillmann, U.

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
[Crossref]

Staudte, A.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Dörner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 1–34 (2002).
[Crossref]

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, Q.

Taylor, K. T.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-Energy Cutoff in the Spectrum of Strong-Field Nonsequential Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, A.

Tong, X. M.

A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, T. Osipov, S. Voss, C. M. Maharjan, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C.L. Cocke, “Laser-peak-intensity calibration using recoil-ion momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023413 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, “Rescattering Double Ionization of D2 and H2 by Intense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[Crossref]

Trump, C.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tschuch, S.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-Field Double Ionization of Ar below the Recollision Threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ullmann-Pfleger, K.

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ullrich, J.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-Field Double Ionization of Ar below the Recollision Threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated Multielectron Dynamics in Ultrafast Laser Pulse Interactions with Atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 253001(2004).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L.P.H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: Reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Dörner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 1–34 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urbasch, G.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vollmer, M.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voss, S.

A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, T. Osipov, S. Voss, C. M. Maharjan, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C.L. Cocke, “Laser-peak-intensity calibration using recoil-ion momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023413 (2004).
[Crossref]

Walther, H.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wan, J.

Wang, B.

L. He, P. Lan, A. Le, B. Wang, B. Wang, X. Zhu, P. Lu, and C. D. Lin, “Real-Time Observation of Molecular Spinning with Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 163201 (2018).
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L. He, P. Lan, A. Le, B. Wang, B. Wang, X. Zhu, P. Lu, and C. D. Lin, “Real-Time Observation of Molecular Spinning with Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 163201 (2018).
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Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. L.

M. Y. Wu, Y. L. Wang, X. J. Liu, W. D. Li, X. L. Hao, and J. Chen, “Coulomb-potential effects in nonsequential double ionization under elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013431 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weber, T.

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
[Crossref]

Weber, Th.

R. Dörner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 1–34 (2002).
[Crossref]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wech, A.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, “Rescattering Double Ionization of D2 and H2 by Intense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[Crossref]

Weckenbrock, M.

R. Dörner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 1–34 (2002).
[Crossref]

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wittmann, M.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, M. Y.

M. Y. Wu, Y. L. Wang, X. J. Liu, W. D. Li, X. L. Hao, and J. Chen, “Coulomb-potential effects in nonsequential double ionization under elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013431 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xie, X.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ye, D. F.

D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical Trajectory Diagnosis of a Fingerlike Pattern in the Correlated Electron Momentum Distribution in Strong Field Double Ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, B.

Yudin, G. L.

G. L. Yudin and M. Y. Ivanov, “Nonadiabatic tunnel ionization: Looking inside a laser cycle,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 013409 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Q. Li, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Universal time delay in the recollision impact ionization pathway of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 50, 225601 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Multiple recollisions in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 2301–2308 (2011)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

L. He, P. Lan, A. Le, B. Wang, B. Wang, X. Zhu, P. Lu, and C. D. Lin, “Real-Time Observation of Molecular Spinning with Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 163201 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zrost, K.

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated Multielectron Dynamics in Ultrafast Laser Pulse Interactions with Atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 253001(2004).
[Crossref]

Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

R. Dörner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 1–34 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE T Nucl. Sci. (1)

O. Jagutzki, A. Cerezo, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, M. Hattas, M. Huang, V. Mergel, U. Spillmann, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and G. D. W. Smith, “Multiple hit readout of a microchannel plate detector with a three-layer delay-line anode,” IEEE T Nucl. Sci. 49, 2477–2483 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (2)

Q. Li, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Universal time delay in the recollision impact ionization pathway of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 50, 225601 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B 39, L305 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661(2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, and W. Becker, “Attosecond electron thermalization in laser-induced nonsequential multiple ionization: hard versus glancing collisions,” New J. Phys. 10, 025010 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. A (10)

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, Y. Wang, X. Hao, S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Double ionization of neon in elliptically polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 063403(2018).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, T. Osipov, S. Voss, C. M. Maharjan, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C.L. Cocke, “Laser-peak-intensity calibration using recoil-ion momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023413 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Multiple recollisions in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. I. Shvetsov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063405 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Wu, Y. L. Wang, X. J. Liu, W. D. Li, X. L. Hao, and J. Chen, “Coulomb-potential effects in nonsequential double ionization under elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013431 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. L. Yudin and M. Y. Ivanov, “Nonadiabatic tunnel ionization: Looking inside a laser cycle,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 013409 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. L’Huillier, L.A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions induced by multiphoton absorption in rare gases at 0.53 μm,” Phys. Rev. A 27, 2503–2512 (1983).
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C. Guo, M. Li, J.P. Nibarger, and G.N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R4271–R4274 (1998).
[Crossref]

C. Cornaggia and Ph. Hering, “Nonsequential double ionization of small molecules induced by a femtosecond laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

S. X. Hu, “Optimizing the FEDVR-TDCC code for exploring the quantum dynamics of two-electron systems in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 81, 056705 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (14)

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle Control of Electron-Electron Correlation in Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-Energy Cutoff in the Spectrum of Strong-Field Nonsequential Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-Down Collisions and Nonsequential Double Ionization in Classical Simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 130011(2002).
[Crossref]

D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical Trajectory Diagnosis of a Fingerlike Pattern in the Correlated Electron Momentum Distribution in Strong Field Double Ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, “Rescattering Double Ionization of D2 and H2 by Intense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N2 and O2by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. He, P. Lan, A. Le, B. Wang, B. Wang, X. Zhu, P. Lu, and C. D. Lin, “Real-Time Observation of Molecular Spinning with Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 163201 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. Dörner, “Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443–446 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated Multielectron Dynamics in Ultrafast Laser Pulse Interactions with Atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 253001(2004).
[Crossref]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
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Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-Field Double Ionization of Ar below the Recollision Threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kang, K. Henrichs, M. Kunitski, Y. Wang, X. Hao, K. Fehre, A. Czasch, S. Eckart, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, X. Liu, and R. Dörner, “Timing Recollision in Nonsequential Double Ionization by Intense Elliptically Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 223204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L.P.H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: Reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental (a1) (a4) and calculated (b1) (b4) correlated electron momentum distributions along the minor axis of elliptical polarization (i.e., the y-axis) with ellipticities in a range from 0 to 0.25, at a peak intensity of 5 × 10 14 W/cm   2 and a central wavelength of 788 nm. The color scales have been normalized for comparison purposes. The yellow arrows in (a3), (a4), (b3), and (b4) indicate the directions where the electron distributions are expanded. (c1) and(c2) Experimental extracted and calculated asymmetry parameter for various ellipticities, respectively. The error bars in (c1) show statistical errors.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Probability distributions of the time delay t d between recollision and double ionization for various ellipticities. The results have been normalized so that the integrated areas of different curves are the same for comparison purposes. (b) Calculated correlated electron momentum distribution along the y direction at the ellipticity ϵ = 0.1. Here, only the double ionization event with t d < 0.05 T are included, corresponding to case I in (a). (c) The same as (b) but for the double ionization events with t d > 0.05 T, corresponding to case II in (a). The color scales have been normalized for comparison purposes. (d) The asymmetry parameters for different ellipticities. Here, we have calculated the asymmetry parameters for the double ionization events with t d < 0.05 T (circles) and t d > 0.05 T (diamonds), respectively. The red squares represent the asymmetry parameter for the total double ionization events, which is the same as in Fig. 1(c2). (e) The ratio between theevents with t d < 0.05 T and that with t d > 0.05 T for different ellipticities.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Probability distributions of the electron traveling time (the time lag between recollision and tunneling ionization of the first electron) for different ellipticities. Here, the curves have been normalized so that the height of peak at 1.25T is the same for comparison purposes. (b) The ratio of the double ionization events with t d < 0.05 T and that with t d > 0.05 T. Here, we separately show the results for the SRC (blue circles) and MRC (black triangles) trajectories, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The asymmetry parameter α for various ellipticities. The empty symbols indicate the calculations with the laser field turned off after the double ionization instant. The solid symbols indicate the full calculations, which are the same as Fig. 2(d). We separately show α for the double ionization events with t d < 0.05 T (circles) and t d > 0.05 T (diamonds), respectively.

Equations (2)

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d 2 r i d t 2 = E ( t ) ( V n e i + V e e ) ,
α = Y 1 + 3 Y 2 + 4 Y 1 + 3 + Y 2 + 4 ,