Abstract

Optical vortex Laguerre-Gaussian (LG0l) modes have wide-ranging applications due to their annular spatial form and orbital angular momentum. Their direct generation from a laser is attractive, due to the pure and high-power modes possible; however, previous demonstrations have had limited ranges of applicability. Here, we propose and implement direct LG0l vortex mode generation with an anti-resonant ring (ARR) coupled laser cavity geometry, where the gain medium inside the ARR is shared between two laser cavities. This generation uses standard wavelength-insensitive optical components, is suitable for high peak and average power levels, and could be applied to any bulk gain medium in pulsed or continuous wave regimes. This work demonstrates the technique with a diode end-pumped Nd:YVO4 gain medium. From 24 W of pump power, 8.9 W LG01 and 4.3 W LG02 modes were generated, all with high mode purity and pure handedness. The LG01 mode handedness was controlled with a new technique.

Published by The Optical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (1)

S. Carbajo and K. Bauchert, “Power handling for LCoS spatial light modulators,” Proc. SPIE 10518, 105181R (2018).

2016 (2)

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. J. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, and J. W. Kim, “Adaptable beam profiles from a dual-cavity Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1740–1743 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

D. Kim and J. Kim, “High-power TEM00 and Laguerre-Gaussian mode generation in double resonator configuration,” Appl. Phys. B 121, 401–405 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

2013 (2)

J. Kim and W. Clarkson, “Selective generation of Laguerre-gaussian (LG0n) mode output in a diode-laser pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 296, 109–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ito, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Generation of hollow scalar and vector beams using a spot-defect mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 2072–2077 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

T. Omatsu, M. Okida, and Y. Hayashi, “Over 10-watt vortex output from a diode-pumped solid-state laser,” Topologica 2, 010 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Chard, P. Shardlow, and M. Damzen, “High-power non-astigmatic TEM00 and vortex mode generation in a compact bounce laser design,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 275–280 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

1996 (2)

N. Simpson, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Optical tweezers and optical spanners with Laguerre-Gaussian modes,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 2485–2491 (1996).
[Crossref]

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R3742–R3745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. Wegener, “Laser beams with phase singularities,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 24, S951–S962 (1992).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

P. Coullet, L. Gil, and F. Rocca, “Optical vortices,” Opt. Commun. 73, 403–408 (1989).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

K. Kubodera and K. Otsuka, “Single-transverse-mode LiNdP4O12 slab waveguide laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653–659 (1979).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

R. Trutna and A. Siegman, “Laser cavity dumping using an antiresonant ring,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 955–962 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

1973 (1)

A. Siegman, “An antiresonant ring interferometer for coupled laser cavities, laser output coupling, mode locking, and cavity dumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 247–250 (1973).
[Crossref]

Ait-Ameur, K.

Allen, L.

N. Simpson, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Optical tweezers and optical spanners with Laguerre-Gaussian modes,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 2485–2491 (1996).
[Crossref]

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R3742–R3745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aoki, N.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arbabzadah, E. A.

Barnett, S. M.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12, 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bauchert, K.

S. Carbajo and K. Bauchert, “Power handling for LCoS spatial light modulators,” Proc. SPIE 10518, 105181R (2018).

Beijersbergen, M.

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burger, L.

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carbajo, S.

S. Carbajo and K. Bauchert, “Power handling for LCoS spatial light modulators,” Proc. SPIE 10518, 105181R (2018).

Chard, S.

S. Chard, P. Shardlow, and M. Damzen, “High-power non-astigmatic TEM00 and vortex mode generation in a compact bounce laser design,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 275–280 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheong, W. C.

Clarkson, W.

J. Kim and W. Clarkson, “Selective generation of Laguerre-gaussian (LG0n) mode output in a diode-laser pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 296, 109–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Clarkson, W. A.

Coullet, P.

P. Coullet, L. Gil, and F. Rocca, “Optical vortices,” Opt. Commun. 73, 403–408 (1989).
[Crossref]

Courtial, J.

Damzen, M.

S. Chard, P. Shardlow, and M. Damzen, “High-power non-astigmatic TEM00 and vortex mode generation in a compact bounce laser design,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 275–280 (2009).
[Crossref]

Damzen, M. J.

Daniel, J. M. O.

Dholakia, K.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R3742–R3745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dudley, A.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Forbes, A.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. A. Litvin, S. Ngcobo, D. Naidoo, K. Ait-Ameur, and A. Forbes, “Doughnut laser beam as an incoherent superposition of two petal beams,” Opt. Lett. 39, 704–707 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Franke-Arnold, S.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12, 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gibson, G.

Gil, L.

P. Coullet, L. Gil, and F. Rocca, “Optical vortices,” Opt. Commun. 73, 403–408 (1989).
[Crossref]

Hayashi, Y.

T. Omatsu, M. Okida, and Y. Hayashi, “Over 10-watt vortex output from a diode-pumped solid-state laser,” Topologica 2, 010 (2009).
[Crossref]

Heckenberg, N.

N. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. Wegener, “Laser beams with phase singularities,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 24, S951–S962 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ireland, D. G.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ito, A.

Jack, B.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jha, A. K.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, D.

D. Kim and J. Kim, “High-power TEM00 and Laguerre-Gaussian mode generation in double resonator configuration,” Appl. Phys. B 121, 401–405 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. J.

Kim, J.

D. Kim and J. Kim, “High-power TEM00 and Laguerre-Gaussian mode generation in double resonator configuration,” Appl. Phys. B 121, 401–405 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kim and W. Clarkson, “Selective generation of Laguerre-gaussian (LG0n) mode output in a diode-laser pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 296, 109–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. W.

Kozawa, Y.

Kubodera, K.

K. Kubodera and K. Otsuka, “Single-transverse-mode LiNdP4O12 slab waveguide laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653–659 (1979).
[Crossref]

Leach, J.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, W. M.

Lin, D.

Litvin, I.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Litvin, I. A.

Mackenzie, J. I.

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marrucci, L.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McDuff, R.

N. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. Wegener, “Laser beams with phase singularities,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 24, S951–S962 (1992).
[Crossref]

Minassian, A.

Miyamoto, K.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morita, R.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Naidoo, D.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. A. Litvin, S. Ngcobo, D. Naidoo, K. Ait-Ameur, and A. Forbes, “Doughnut laser beam as an incoherent superposition of two petal beams,” Opt. Lett. 39, 704–707 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ngcobo, S.

Okida, M.

T. Omatsu, M. Okida, and Y. Hayashi, “Over 10-watt vortex output from a diode-pumped solid-state laser,” Topologica 2, 010 (2009).
[Crossref]

Omatsu, T.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Omatsu, M. Okida, and Y. Hayashi, “Over 10-watt vortex output from a diode-pumped solid-state laser,” Topologica 2, 010 (2009).
[Crossref]

Otsuka, K.

K. Kubodera and K. Otsuka, “Single-transverse-mode LiNdP4O12 slab waveguide laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653–659 (1979).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M.

N. Simpson, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Optical tweezers and optical spanners with Laguerre-Gaussian modes,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 2485–2491 (1996).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12, 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R3742–R3745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pas’ko, V.

Piccirillo, B.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rocca, F.

P. Coullet, L. Gil, and F. Rocca, “Optical vortices,” Opt. Commun. 73, 403–408 (1989).
[Crossref]

Romero, J.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roux, F. S.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

N. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. Wegener, “Laser beams with phase singularities,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 24, S951–S962 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sato, S.

Shardlow, P.

S. Chard, P. Shardlow, and M. Damzen, “High-power non-astigmatic TEM00 and vortex mode generation in a compact bounce laser design,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 275–280 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shardlow, P. C.

Sheng, S.-C.

Siegman, A.

R. Trutna and A. Siegman, “Laser cavity dumping using an antiresonant ring,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 955–962 (1977).
[Crossref]

A. Siegman, “An antiresonant ring interferometer for coupled laser cavities, laser output coupling, mode locking, and cavity dumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 247–250 (1973).
[Crossref]

Siegman, A. E.

Simpson, N.

N. Simpson, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Optical tweezers and optical spanners with Laguerre-Gaussian modes,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 2485–2491 (1996).
[Crossref]

Simpson, N. B.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R3742–R3745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, C.

N. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. Wegener, “Laser beams with phase singularities,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 24, S951–S962 (1992).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Toyoda, K.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trutna, R.

R. Trutna and A. Siegman, “Laser cavity dumping using an antiresonant ring,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 955–962 (1977).
[Crossref]

van der Veen, H.

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Vasnetsov, M.

Wegener, M.

N. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. Wegener, “Laser beams with phase singularities,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 24, S951–S962 (1992).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J.

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, A. M.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, X.-C.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

S. Chard, P. Shardlow, and M. Damzen, “High-power non-astigmatic TEM00 and vortex mode generation in a compact bounce laser design,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 275–280 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Kim and J. Kim, “High-power TEM00 and Laguerre-Gaussian mode generation in double resonator configuration,” Appl. Phys. B 121, 401–405 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Siegman, “An antiresonant ring interferometer for coupled laser cavities, laser output coupling, mode locking, and cavity dumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 247–250 (1973).
[Crossref]

R. Trutna and A. Siegman, “Laser cavity dumping using an antiresonant ring,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 955–962 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Kubodera and K. Otsuka, “Single-transverse-mode LiNdP4O12 slab waveguide laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653–659 (1979).
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J. Mod. Opt. (1)

N. Simpson, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Optical tweezers and optical spanners with Laguerre-Gaussian modes,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 2485–2491 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

J. Kim and W. Clarkson, “Selective generation of Laguerre-gaussian (LG0n) mode output in a diode-laser pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 296, 109–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
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P. Coullet, L. Gil, and F. Rocca, “Optical vortices,” Opt. Commun. 73, 403–408 (1989).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Quant. Electron. (1)

N. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. Wegener, “Laser beams with phase singularities,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 24, S951–S962 (1992).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R3742–R3745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Carbajo and K. Bauchert, “Power handling for LCoS spatial light modulators,” Proc. SPIE 10518, 105181R (2018).

Science (1)

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Topologica (1)

T. Omatsu, M. Okida, and Y. Hayashi, “Over 10-watt vortex output from a diode-pumped solid-state laser,” Topologica 2, 010 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The ARR has a 50/50 beamsplitter (BS) and two turning mirrors (M). The input beam (Pin) follows clockwise (PCW) or counter-clockwise (PCCW) paths around the ring that recombine at the BS providing a strong reflected return (PR), some power is transmitted to the other port (PT) which tends to zero if there is no ring asymmetry. (b) The ARR contains the gain medium and acts as an end reflector for the coupled laser cavities (‘primary’, ‘secondary’). These have output couplers with different reflectances (R1, R2) and lenses (f1, f2) for mode size control, with outputs P1 and P2, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The gain reshaping method showing the simulated gain and mode profile cross sections in the gain medium for: (a), the unperturbed pump profile; (b), the modified gain profile under secondary cavity clamping; (c), LG01 generation; and (d), LG02 generation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The primary (red) and secondary (blue) cavity powers at 23 W pump power versus, (a) secondary cavity LG00 mode diameter, the primary cavity LG01 mode diameter was 470 µm; (b) primary cavity LG01 mode diameter at the gain region, the secondary cavity LG00 diameter was 230 µm but had higher-order spatial modes when the primary cavity LG01 diameter was above 540 µm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The output powers of the primary vortex cavity (P 1) and the secondary control cavity (P 2) against input pump power for LG01 generation. (b) A typical frequency spectrum of the primary (red) and secondary (blue) cavity modes.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The handedness control method using the position of the secondary cavity mode for (b) no selection, (a) and (c) opposite handednesses. The top row shows the measured combined mode intensities at the gain region from both cavities, the bottom row contains corresponding illustrations of the cavity mode positions of the primary cavity LG01 mode (red) and the secondary cavity LG00 mode (blue).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The primary cavity output P 1 in LG0,−1, LG01 and LG02 operation, showing the beam intensity profiles (top row) and spiral interferograms (bottom row).

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