Abstract

Chirality plays an essential role in the fields of biology, medicine and physics. However, natural materials exhibit very weak chiroptical response. In this paper, near-infrared chiral plasmonic metasurface absorbers are demonstrated to selectively absorb either the left-handed or right-handed circularly polarized light for achieving large circular dichroism (CD) across the wavelength range from 1.3 µm to 1.8 µm. It is shown that the maximum chiral absorption can reach to 0.87 and that the maximum CD in absorption is around 0.70. The current chiral metasurface design is able to achieve strong chiroptical response, which also leads to high thermal CD for the local temperature increase. The high-contrast reflective chiral images are also realized with the designed metasurface absorbers. The demonstrated chiral metasurface absorbers can be applied in many areas, such as optical filters, thermal energy harvesting, optical communication, and chiral imaging.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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2018 (5)

W. Ma, F. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-learning-enabled on-demand design of chiral metamaterials,” ACS Nano 12(6), 6326–6334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Chiral metamaterials of plasmonic slanted nanoapertures with symmetry breaking,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 520–527 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, E. Plum, Q. L. Yang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. H. Xu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “Reflective chiral meta-holography: multiplexing holograms for circularly polarized waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 25 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Spin-controlled wavefront shaping with plasmonic chiral geometric metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 84 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. T. Kong, L. Khosravi Khorashad, Z. Wang, and A. O. Govorov, “Photothermal circular dichroism induced by plasmon resonances in chiral metamaterial absorbers and bolometers,” Nano Lett. 18(3), 7b05446 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

B. Tang, Z. Y. Li, E. Palacios, Z. H. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequencies,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(3), 295–298 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, W. Wang, T. S. Luk, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Enhanced quantum dot spontaneous emission with multilayer metamaterial nanostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 501–508 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. A. Czaplewski, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Realizing structural color generation with aluminum plasmonic V-groove metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 25(17), 20454–20465 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

Z. Li, W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. A. Czaplewski, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “All-metal structural color printing based on aluminum plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20472–20480 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, H. Jia, K. Yao, W. Cai, H. Chen, and Y. Liu, “Circular dichroism metamirrors with near-perfect extinction,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2096–2101 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sun, X. Yang, W. Wang, and J. Gao, “Diffraction-free optical beam propagation with near-zero phase variation in extremely anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Opt. 17(3), 035101 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Plum and N. I. Zheludev, “Chiral mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221901 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Three dimensional chiral metamaterial nanospirals in the visible range by vertically compensated focused ion beam induced-deposition,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 154–161 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. S. Park, T. T. Kim, H. D. Kim, K. Kim, and B. Min, “Nondispersive optical activity of meshed helical metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. H. Li, L. Y. Guo, J. F. Dong, and H. L. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. X. Deng, T. C. Wang, J. Gao, and X. D. Yang, “Metamaterial thermal emitters based on nanowire cavities for high-efficiency thermophotovoltaics,” J. Opt. 16(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

C. Huang, X. L. Ma, M. B. Pu, G. W. Yi, Y. Q. Wang, and X. G. Luo, “Dual-band 90° polarization rotator using twisted split ring resonators array,” Opt. Commun. 291, 345–348 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

T. H. Chiou, S. Kleinlogel, T. Cronin, R. Caldwell, B. Loeffler, A. Siddiqi, A. Goldizen, and J. Marshall, “Circular polarization vision in a stomatopod crustacean,” Curr. Biol. 18(6), 429–434 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

N. J. Greenfield, “Using circular dichroism spectra to estimate protein secondary structure,” Nat. Protoc. 1(6), 2876–2890 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 047601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

B. Tang, Z. Y. Li, E. Palacios, Z. H. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequencies,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(3), 295–298 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bade, K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, K.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benedetti, A.

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Three dimensional chiral metamaterial nanospirals in the visible range by vertically compensated focused ion beam induced-deposition,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 154–161 (2014).
[Crossref]

Besteiro, L. V.

W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butun, S.

B. Tang, Z. Y. Li, E. Palacios, Z. H. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequencies,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(3), 295–298 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, H. Jia, K. Yao, W. Cai, H. Chen, and Y. Liu, “Circular dichroism metamirrors with near-perfect extinction,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2096–2101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Caldwell, R.

T. H. Chiou, S. Kleinlogel, T. Cronin, R. Caldwell, B. Loeffler, A. Siddiqi, A. Goldizen, and J. Marshall, “Circular polarization vision in a stomatopod crustacean,” Curr. Biol. 18(6), 429–434 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

Z. Wang, H. Jia, K. Yao, W. Cai, H. Chen, and Y. Liu, “Circular dichroism metamirrors with near-perfect extinction,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2096–2101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Spin-controlled wavefront shaping with plasmonic chiral geometric metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 84 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Chiral metamaterials of plasmonic slanted nanoapertures with symmetry breaking,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 520–527 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, F.

W. Ma, F. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-learning-enabled on-demand design of chiral metamaterials,” ACS Nano 12(6), 6326–6334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Childress, L.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiou, T. H.

T. H. Chiou, S. Kleinlogel, T. Cronin, R. Caldwell, B. Loeffler, A. Siddiqi, A. Goldizen, and J. Marshall, “Circular polarization vision in a stomatopod crustacean,” Curr. Biol. 18(6), 429–434 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, Y.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coppens, Z. J.

W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cronin, T.

T. H. Chiou, S. Kleinlogel, T. Cronin, R. Caldwell, B. Loeffler, A. Siddiqi, A. Goldizen, and J. Marshall, “Circular polarization vision in a stomatopod crustacean,” Curr. Biol. 18(6), 429–434 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cuscunà, M.

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

Czaplewski, D. A.

Decker, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, H. X.

H. X. Deng, T. C. Wang, J. Gao, and X. D. Yang, “Metamaterial thermal emitters based on nanowire cavities for high-efficiency thermophotovoltaics,” J. Opt. 16(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dong, J. F.

M. H. Li, L. Y. Guo, J. F. Dong, and H. L. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dutt, M. V. G.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esposito, M.

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Three dimensional chiral metamaterial nanospirals in the visible range by vertically compensated focused ion beam induced-deposition,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 154–161 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gansel, J. K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, J.

Y. Chen, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Chiral metamaterials of plasmonic slanted nanoapertures with symmetry breaking,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 520–527 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Spin-controlled wavefront shaping with plasmonic chiral geometric metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 84 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, W. Wang, T. S. Luk, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Enhanced quantum dot spontaneous emission with multilayer metamaterial nanostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 501–508 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. A. Czaplewski, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Realizing structural color generation with aluminum plasmonic V-groove metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 25(17), 20454–20465 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. A. Czaplewski, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “All-metal structural color printing based on aluminum plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20472–20480 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sun, X. Yang, W. Wang, and J. Gao, “Diffraction-free optical beam propagation with near-zero phase variation in extremely anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Opt. 17(3), 035101 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. X. Deng, T. C. Wang, J. Gao, and X. D. Yang, “Metamaterial thermal emitters based on nanowire cavities for high-efficiency thermophotovoltaics,” J. Opt. 16(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Giorgi, M. D.

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

Goldizen, A.

T. H. Chiou, S. Kleinlogel, T. Cronin, R. Caldwell, B. Loeffler, A. Siddiqi, A. Goldizen, and J. Marshall, “Circular polarization vision in a stomatopod crustacean,” Curr. Biol. 18(6), 429–434 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Govorov, A. O.

X. T. Kong, L. Khosravi Khorashad, Z. Wang, and A. O. Govorov, “Photothermal circular dichroism induced by plasmon resonances in chiral metamaterial absorbers and bolometers,” Nano Lett. 18(3), 7b05446 (2018).
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W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
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M. H. Li, L. Y. Guo, J. F. Dong, and H. L. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Håkanson, U.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
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Halas, N. J.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
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Q. Wang, E. Plum, Q. L. Yang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. H. Xu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “Reflective chiral meta-holography: multiplexing holograms for circularly polarized waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 25 (2018).
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Hansteen, F.

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 047601 (2007).
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E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
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C. Huang, X. L. Ma, M. B. Pu, G. W. Yi, Y. Q. Wang, and X. G. Luo, “Dual-band 90° polarization rotator using twisted split ring resonators array,” Opt. Commun. 291, 345–348 (2013).
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Itoh, A.

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 047601 (2007).
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Jia, H.

Z. Wang, H. Jia, K. Yao, W. Cai, H. Chen, and Y. Liu, “Circular dichroism metamirrors with near-perfect extinction,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2096–2101 (2016).
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Jiang, L.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
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X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
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Kang, L.

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khosravi Khorashad, L.

X. T. Kong, L. Khosravi Khorashad, Z. Wang, and A. O. Govorov, “Photothermal circular dichroism induced by plasmon resonances in chiral metamaterial absorbers and bolometers,” Nano Lett. 18(3), 7b05446 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. D.

H. S. Park, T. T. Kim, H. D. Kim, K. Kim, and B. Min, “Nondispersive optical activity of meshed helical metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K.

H. S. Park, T. T. Kim, H. D. Kim, K. Kim, and B. Min, “Nondispersive optical activity of meshed helical metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, T. T.

H. S. Park, T. T. Kim, H. D. Kim, K. Kim, and B. Min, “Nondispersive optical activity of meshed helical metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimel, A. V.

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 047601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirilyuk, A.

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 047601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleinlogel, S.

T. H. Chiou, S. Kleinlogel, T. Cronin, R. Caldwell, B. Loeffler, A. Siddiqi, A. Goldizen, and J. Marshall, “Circular polarization vision in a stomatopod crustacean,” Curr. Biol. 18(6), 429–434 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, X. T.

X. T. Kong, L. Khosravi Khorashad, Z. Wang, and A. O. Govorov, “Photothermal circular dichroism induced by plasmon resonances in chiral metamaterial absorbers and bolometers,” Nano Lett. 18(3), 7b05446 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lan, S.

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, K. T.

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.

L. Li, W. Wang, T. S. Luk, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Enhanced quantum dot spontaneous emission with multilayer metamaterial nanostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 501–508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, M. H.

M. H. Li, L. Y. Guo, J. F. Dong, and H. L. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

Li, Z. Y.

B. Tang, Z. Y. Li, E. Palacios, Z. H. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequencies,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(3), 295–298 (2017).
[Crossref]

Linden, S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

W. Ma, F. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-learning-enabled on-demand design of chiral metamaterials,” ACS Nano 12(6), 6326–6334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, H. Jia, K. Yao, W. Cai, H. Chen, and Y. Liu, “Circular dichroism metamirrors with near-perfect extinction,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2096–2101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z. H.

B. Tang, Z. Y. Li, E. Palacios, Z. H. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequencies,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(3), 295–298 (2017).
[Crossref]

Loeffler, B.

T. H. Chiou, S. Kleinlogel, T. Cronin, R. Caldwell, B. Loeffler, A. Siddiqi, A. Goldizen, and J. Marshall, “Circular polarization vision in a stomatopod crustacean,” Curr. Biol. 18(6), 429–434 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luk, T. S.

L. Li, W. Wang, T. S. Luk, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Enhanced quantum dot spontaneous emission with multilayer metamaterial nanostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 501–508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lukin, M. D.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, X. G.

C. Huang, X. L. Ma, M. B. Pu, G. W. Yi, Y. Q. Wang, and X. G. Luo, “Dual-band 90° polarization rotator using twisted split ring resonators array,” Opt. Commun. 291, 345–348 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, W.

W. Ma, F. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-learning-enabled on-demand design of chiral metamaterials,” ACS Nano 12(6), 6326–6334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, X. L.

C. Huang, X. L. Ma, M. B. Pu, G. W. Yi, Y. Q. Wang, and X. G. Luo, “Dual-band 90° polarization rotator using twisted split ring resonators array,” Opt. Commun. 291, 345–348 (2013).
[Crossref]

Marshall, J.

T. H. Chiou, S. Kleinlogel, T. Cronin, R. Caldwell, B. Loeffler, A. Siddiqi, A. Goldizen, and J. Marshall, “Circular polarization vision in a stomatopod crustacean,” Curr. Biol. 18(6), 429–434 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maze, J.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Min, B.

H. S. Park, T. T. Kim, H. D. Kim, K. Kim, and B. Min, “Nondispersive optical activity of meshed helical metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Palacios, E.

B. Tang, Z. Y. Li, E. Palacios, Z. H. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequencies,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(3), 295–298 (2017).
[Crossref]

Park, H. S.

H. S. Park, T. T. Kim, H. D. Kim, K. Kim, and B. Min, “Nondispersive optical activity of meshed helical metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Passaseo, A.

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Three dimensional chiral metamaterial nanospirals in the visible range by vertically compensated focused ion beam induced-deposition,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 154–161 (2014).
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Pendry, J. B.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
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J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
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Q. Wang, E. Plum, Q. L. Yang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. H. Xu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “Reflective chiral meta-holography: multiplexing holograms for circularly polarized waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 25 (2018).
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E. Plum and N. I. Zheludev, “Chiral mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221901 (2015).
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Pu, M. B.

C. Huang, X. L. Ma, M. B. Pu, G. W. Yi, Y. Q. Wang, and X. G. Luo, “Dual-band 90° polarization rotator using twisted split ring resonators array,” Opt. Commun. 291, 345–348 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rasing, T.

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 047601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rill, M. S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodrigues, S. P.

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosenmann, D.

Saile, V.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanvitto, D.

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Three dimensional chiral metamaterial nanospirals in the visible range by vertically compensated focused ion beam induced-deposition,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 154–161 (2014).
[Crossref]

Siddiqi, A.

T. H. Chiou, S. Kleinlogel, T. Cronin, R. Caldwell, B. Loeffler, A. Siddiqi, A. Goldizen, and J. Marshall, “Circular polarization vision in a stomatopod crustacean,” Curr. Biol. 18(6), 429–434 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sørensen, A. S.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stanciu, C. D.

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 047601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, L.

L. Sun, X. Yang, W. Wang, and J. Gao, “Diffraction-free optical beam propagation with near-zero phase variation in extremely anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Opt. 17(3), 035101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Taghinejad, M.

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, B.

B. Tang, Z. Y. Li, E. Palacios, Z. H. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequencies,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(3), 295–298 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tarantini, I.

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tasco, V.

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Three dimensional chiral metamaterial nanospirals in the visible range by vertically compensated focused ion beam induced-deposition,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 154–161 (2014).
[Crossref]

Thiel, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Todisco, F.

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Three dimensional chiral metamaterial nanospirals in the visible range by vertically compensated focused ion beam induced-deposition,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 154–161 (2014).
[Crossref]

Togan, E.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trifonov, A. S.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsukamoto, A.

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 047601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urbas, A.

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von Freymann, G.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, E. Plum, Q. L. Yang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. H. Xu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “Reflective chiral meta-holography: multiplexing holograms for circularly polarized waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 25 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. C.

H. X. Deng, T. C. Wang, J. Gao, and X. D. Yang, “Metamaterial thermal emitters based on nanowire cavities for high-efficiency thermophotovoltaics,” J. Opt. 16(3), 035102 (2014).
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Wang, W.

L. Li, W. Wang, T. S. Luk, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Enhanced quantum dot spontaneous emission with multilayer metamaterial nanostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 501–508 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. A. Czaplewski, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Realizing structural color generation with aluminum plasmonic V-groove metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 25(17), 20454–20465 (2017).
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Z. Li, W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. A. Czaplewski, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “All-metal structural color printing based on aluminum plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20472–20480 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sun, X. Yang, W. Wang, and J. Gao, “Diffraction-free optical beam propagation with near-zero phase variation in extremely anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Opt. 17(3), 035101 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y. Q.

C. Huang, X. L. Ma, M. B. Pu, G. W. Yi, Y. Q. Wang, and X. G. Luo, “Dual-band 90° polarization rotator using twisted split ring resonators array,” Opt. Commun. 291, 345–348 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

X. T. Kong, L. Khosravi Khorashad, Z. Wang, and A. O. Govorov, “Photothermal circular dichroism induced by plasmon resonances in chiral metamaterial absorbers and bolometers,” Nano Lett. 18(3), 7b05446 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, H. Jia, K. Yao, W. Cai, H. Chen, and Y. Liu, “Circular dichroism metamirrors with near-perfect extinction,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2096–2101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wegener, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, H.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Werner, D. H.

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiltshire, M. C.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Q.

Q. Wang, E. Plum, Q. L. Yang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. H. Xu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “Reflective chiral meta-holography: multiplexing holograms for circularly polarized waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 25 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y. H.

Q. Wang, E. Plum, Q. L. Yang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. H. Xu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “Reflective chiral meta-holography: multiplexing holograms for circularly polarized waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 25 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. L.

M. H. Li, L. Y. Guo, J. F. Dong, and H. L. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q. L.

Q. Wang, E. Plum, Q. L. Yang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. H. Xu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “Reflective chiral meta-holography: multiplexing holograms for circularly polarized waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 25 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

Y. Chen, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Chiral metamaterials of plasmonic slanted nanoapertures with symmetry breaking,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 520–527 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Spin-controlled wavefront shaping with plasmonic chiral geometric metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 84 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, W. Wang, T. S. Luk, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Enhanced quantum dot spontaneous emission with multilayer metamaterial nanostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 501–508 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. A. Czaplewski, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Realizing structural color generation with aluminum plasmonic V-groove metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 25(17), 20454–20465 (2017).
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Z. Li, W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. A. Czaplewski, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “All-metal structural color printing based on aluminum plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20472–20480 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sun, X. Yang, W. Wang, and J. Gao, “Diffraction-free optical beam propagation with near-zero phase variation in extremely anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Opt. 17(3), 035101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, X. D.

H. X. Deng, T. C. Wang, J. Gao, and X. D. Yang, “Metamaterial thermal emitters based on nanowire cavities for high-efficiency thermophotovoltaics,” J. Opt. 16(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yao, K.

Z. Wang, H. Jia, K. Yao, W. Cai, H. Chen, and Y. Liu, “Circular dichroism metamirrors with near-perfect extinction,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2096–2101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yi, G. W.

C. Huang, X. L. Ma, M. B. Pu, G. W. Yi, Y. Q. Wang, and X. G. Luo, “Dual-band 90° polarization rotator using twisted split ring resonators array,” Opt. Commun. 291, 345–348 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W. L.

Q. Wang, E. Plum, Q. L. Yang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. H. Xu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “Reflective chiral meta-holography: multiplexing holograms for circularly polarized waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 25 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Q.

Q. Wang, E. Plum, Q. L. Yang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. H. Xu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “Reflective chiral meta-holography: multiplexing holograms for circularly polarized waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 25 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N. I.

E. Plum and N. I. Zheludev, “Chiral mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221901 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zibrov, A. S.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

W. Ma, F. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-learning-enabled on-demand design of chiral metamaterials,” ACS Nano 12(6), 6326–6334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (3)

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, M. Cuscunà, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, I. Tarantini, M. D. Giorgi, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Nanoscale 3D chiral plasmonic helices with circular dichroism at visible frequencies,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 105–114 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Jia, K. Yao, W. Cai, H. Chen, and Y. Liu, “Circular dichroism metamirrors with near-perfect extinction,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2096–2101 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Li, W. Wang, T. S. Luk, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Enhanced quantum dot spontaneous emission with multilayer metamaterial nanostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 501–508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Esposito, V. Tasco, F. Todisco, A. Benedetti, D. Sanvitto, and A. Passaseo, “Three dimensional chiral metamaterial nanospirals in the visible range by vertically compensated focused ion beam induced-deposition,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 154–161 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Plum and N. I. Zheludev, “Chiral mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221901 (2015).
[Crossref]

Curr. Biol. (1)

T. H. Chiou, S. Kleinlogel, T. Cronin, R. Caldwell, B. Loeffler, A. Siddiqi, A. Goldizen, and J. Marshall, “Circular polarization vision in a stomatopod crustacean,” Curr. Biol. 18(6), 429–434 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Tang, Z. Y. Li, E. Palacios, Z. H. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequencies,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(3), 295–298 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (2)

H. X. Deng, T. C. Wang, J. Gao, and X. D. Yang, “Metamaterial thermal emitters based on nanowire cavities for high-efficiency thermophotovoltaics,” J. Opt. 16(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Sun, X. Yang, W. Wang, and J. Gao, “Diffraction-free optical beam propagation with near-zero phase variation in extremely anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Opt. 17(3), 035101 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D (1)

M. H. Li, L. Y. Guo, J. F. Dong, and H. L. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (2)

Q. Wang, E. Plum, Q. L. Yang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. H. Xu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “Reflective chiral meta-holography: multiplexing holograms for circularly polarized waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 25 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Spin-controlled wavefront shaping with plasmonic chiral geometric metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 84 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (3)

X. T. Kong, L. Khosravi Khorashad, Z. Wang, and A. O. Govorov, “Photothermal circular dichroism induced by plasmon resonances in chiral metamaterial absorbers and bolometers,” Nano Lett. 18(3), 7b05446 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Chiral metamaterials of plasmonic slanted nanoapertures with symmetry breaking,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 520–527 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kang, S. P. Rodrigues, M. Taghinejad, S. Lan, K. T. Lee, Y. Liu, D. H. Werner, A. Urbas, and W. Cai, “Preserving spin states upon reflection: linear and nonlinear responses of a chiral meta-mirror,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7102–7109 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (2)

H. S. Park, T. T. Kim, H. D. Kim, K. Kim, and B. Min, “Nondispersive optical activity of meshed helical metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5435 (2014).
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W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
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Nat. Protoc. (1)

N. J. Greenfield, “Using circular dichroism spectra to estimate protein secondary structure,” Nat. Protoc. 1(6), 2876–2890 (2007).
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Nature (1)

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466(7307), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Huang, X. L. Ma, M. B. Pu, G. W. Yi, Y. Q. Wang, and X. G. Luo, “Dual-band 90° polarization rotator using twisted split ring resonators array,” Opt. Commun. 291, 345–348 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 047601 (2007).
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X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

E. L. Eliel, Stereochemistry of Carbon Compounds (McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc., 1962).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a), (b) Schematics of the chiral metasurface absorbers in Form A and Form B. (c-g) SEM images of the fabricated chiral absorbers in Form A with different geometric parameters from Sample 1 to Sample 5: P1 = 1050, 1160, 1160, 1360 and 1460 nm; P2 = 400, 380, 380, 380 and 380 nm; L = 450, 500, 550, 600, 650 nm; W1 = 50 nm; W2 = 100 nm. Scale bar represents 500 nm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Simulated and measured absorption spectra of the chiral metasurface absorber in Form A (Sample 3) under LCP and RCP incidence. (b) Measured absorption spectra of the chiral metasurface absorbers in Form A from Sample 1 to Sample 5.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Simulated electric field distributions across the plane 10 nm underneath the top surface of the spacer layer under LCP and RCP incidence at 1.6 µm (Sample 3). (b) Simulated electric field and current density (arrows) distributions across the top surface of the double–rectangle pattern. (c) Simulated heat generation density distributions and (d) temperature distributions at the top surface of the double-rectangle pattern. (e) Schematics of the lines for temperature profiles. (f-h) Temperature profiles alone the lines under LCP and RCP incidence.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Schematic diagram of the Taichi Logo and the structure components of the fabricated sample with chiral metasurface patterns in Form A or Form B. (b) SEM image of the fabricated Taichi logo with diameter of 45 µm. (c) The reflected images of the Taichi logo under different incident polarizations from circular, elliptical to linear polarizations.

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