Abstract

We report on generation of strong and broadband terahertz (THz) pulses via collinearly phase-matched optical rectification of near-infrared femtosecond pulses in the organic nonlinear optical HMB-TMS (2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxystyryl)-3-methylbenzo[d]thiazol-3-ium 2,4,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonate) single crystals which exhibit optimal molecular orientation and large macroscopic optical nonlinearity for efficient THz wave generation. Single-cycle THz pulses with a peak electric field strength of 0.66 MV/cm and a bandwidth from 0.1 to 5.4 THz are achieved from an HMB-TMS crystal with only a 2-mm clear aperture pumped by 1350 nm pulses at moderate fluences. The generated THz energy is about 1 µJ and the corresponding pump-to-THz energy conversion efficiency reaches 0.23%.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523–3525 (1995).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (1)

2017 (2)

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz magnetic resonance spectroscopy of collective spin waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

S.-H. Lee, M. Jazbinšek, C. P. Hauri, and O.-P. Kwon, “Recent progress in acentric core structures for highly efficient nonlinear optical crystals and their supramolecular interactions and terahertz applications,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 18, 7180–7203 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Baierl, J. H. Mentink, M. Hohenleutner, L. Braun, T.-M. Do, C. Lange, A. Sell, M. Fiebig, G. Woltersdorf, T. Kampfrath, and R. Huber, “Terahertz-driven nonlinear spin response of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 197201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lu, Y. Zhang, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, S. Fleischer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nonlinear two-dimensional terahertz photon echo and rotational spectroscopy in the gas phase,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 11800–11805 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Finneran, R. Welsch, M. A. Allodi, T. F. Miller, and G. A. Blake, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz-terahertz-raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 6857–6861 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Gäumann, E. J. Rohwer, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, T. Feurer, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “High-energy terahertz pulses from semiconductors pumped beyond the three-photon absorption edge,” Opt. Express 24, 23872–23882 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (6)

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. A. Allodi, I. A. Finneran, and G. A. Blake, “Nonlinear terahertz coherent excitation of vibrational modes of liquids,” J. Chem. Phys. 143, 234204 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, and C. P. Hauri, “High field broadband THz generation in organic materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1480–1485 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Shalaby and C. P. Hauri, “Demonstration of a low-frequency three-dimensional terahertz bullet with extreme brightness,” Nat. Commun. 6, 5976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, M. Jazbinšek, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and C. P. Hauri, “Intense, carrier frequency and bandwidth tunable quasi single-cycle pulses from an organic emitter covering the Terahertz frequency gap,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14394 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lu, H. Y. Hwang, X. Li, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and K. A. Nelson, “Tunable multi-cycle THz generation in organic crystal HMQ-TMS,” Opt. Express 23, 22723–22729 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, and C. P. Hauri, “GV/m single-cycle terahertz fields from a laser-driven large-size partitioned organic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 213901 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22, 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7, 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38, 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Fleischer, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Commensurate two-quantum coherences induced by time-delayed THz fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 123603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3 thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097401 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2008 (3)

K.-Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2, 605–609 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic detection of femtosecond electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 072802 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. D. Brunner, O.-P. Kwon, S.-J. Kwon, M. Jazbinšek, A. Schneider, and P. Günter, “A hydrogen-bonded organic nonlinear optical crystal for high-efficiency terahertz generation and detection,” Opt. Express 16, 16496–16508 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

A. Schneider, F. D. J. Brunner, and P. Günter, “Determination of the refractive index over a wide wavelength range through time-delay measurements of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 275, 354–358 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express 15, 11706–11713 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K.-L. Yeh, M. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 µ J ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

1995 (1)

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523–3525 (1995).
[Crossref]

Allodi, M. A.

I. A. Finneran, R. Welsch, M. A. Allodi, T. F. Miller, and G. A. Blake, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz-terahertz-raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 6857–6861 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Allodi, I. A. Finneran, and G. A. Blake, “Nonlinear terahertz coherent excitation of vibrational modes of liquids,” J. Chem. Phys. 143, 234204 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Almasi, G.

Almási, G.

Andriukaitis, G.

Aoki, H.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3 thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ardana-Lamas, F.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ashida, M.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3 thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baierl, S.

S. Baierl, J. H. Mentink, M. Hohenleutner, L. Braun, T.-M. Do, C. Lange, A. Sell, M. Fiebig, G. Woltersdorf, T. Kampfrath, and R. Huber, “Terahertz-driven nonlinear spin response of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 197201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balciunas, T.

Baltuska, A.

Beaud, P.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blake, G. A.

I. A. Finneran, R. Welsch, M. A. Allodi, T. F. Miller, and G. A. Blake, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz-terahertz-raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 6857–6861 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Allodi, I. A. Finneran, and G. A. Blake, “Nonlinear terahertz coherent excitation of vibrational modes of liquids,” J. Chem. Phys. 143, 234204 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blanchard, F.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Brandt, N. C.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

Braun, L.

S. Baierl, J. H. Mentink, M. Hohenleutner, L. Braun, T.-M. Do, C. Lange, A. Sell, M. Fiebig, G. Woltersdorf, T. Kampfrath, and R. Huber, “Terahertz-driven nonlinear spin response of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 197201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brunner, F. D.

Brunner, F. D. J.

A. Schneider, F. D. J. Brunner, and P. Günter, “Determination of the refractive index over a wide wavelength range through time-delay measurements of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 275, 354–358 (2007).
[Crossref]

Casalbuoni, S.

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S. Fleischer, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Commensurate two-quantum coherences induced by time-delayed THz fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 123603 (2012).
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S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 163603 (2011).
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Hirori, H.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
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S. Baierl, J. H. Mentink, M. Hohenleutner, L. Braun, T.-M. Do, C. Lange, A. Sell, M. Fiebig, G. Woltersdorf, T. Kampfrath, and R. Huber, “Terahertz-driven nonlinear spin response of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 197201 (2016).
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J. Lu, Y. Zhang, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, S. Fleischer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nonlinear two-dimensional terahertz photon echo and rotational spectroscopy in the gas phase,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 11800–11805 (2016).
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H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
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J. Lu, H. Y. Hwang, X. Li, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and K. A. Nelson, “Tunable multi-cycle THz generation in organic crystal HMQ-TMS,” Opt. Express 23, 22723–22729 (2015).
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T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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S.-H. Lee, M. Jazbinšek, C. P. Hauri, and O.-P. Kwon, “Recent progress in acentric core structures for highly efficient nonlinear optical crystals and their supramolecular interactions and terahertz applications,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 18, 7180–7203 (2016).
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C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, M. Jazbinšek, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and C. P. Hauri, “Intense, carrier frequency and bandwidth tunable quasi single-cycle pulses from an organic emitter covering the Terahertz frequency gap,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14394 (2015).
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F. D. Brunner, O.-P. Kwon, S.-J. Kwon, M. Jazbinšek, A. Schneider, and P. Günter, “A hydrogen-bonded organic nonlinear optical crystal for high-efficiency terahertz generation and detection,” Opt. Express 16, 16496–16508 (2008).
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L. R. Dalton, P. Günter, M. Jazbinšek, P. A. Sullivan, and O.-P. Kwon, Organic Electro-Optics and Photonics: Molecules, Polymers and Crystals (Cambridge University, 2015).
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S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
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T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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Kampfrath, T.

S. Baierl, J. H. Mentink, M. Hohenleutner, L. Braun, T.-M. Do, C. Lange, A. Sell, M. Fiebig, G. Woltersdorf, T. Kampfrath, and R. Huber, “Terahertz-driven nonlinear spin response of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 197201 (2016).
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T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7, 680–690 (2013).
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S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
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Khan, R. U.

Kim, K.-Y.

K.-Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2, 605–609 (2008).
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I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3 thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097401 (2012).
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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
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Kong, D.-Y.

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T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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Krausz, F.

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T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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Kurihara, T.

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz magnetic resonance spectroscopy of collective spin waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 207204 (2017).
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Kwon, O.-P.

S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Lee, M. Jazbinšek, C. P. Hauri, and O.-P. Kwon, “Recent progress in acentric core structures for highly efficient nonlinear optical crystals and their supramolecular interactions and terahertz applications,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 18, 7180–7203 (2016).
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J. Lu, H. Y. Hwang, X. Li, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and K. A. Nelson, “Tunable multi-cycle THz generation in organic crystal HMQ-TMS,” Opt. Express 23, 22723–22729 (2015).
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C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, M. Jazbinšek, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and C. P. Hauri, “Intense, carrier frequency and bandwidth tunable quasi single-cycle pulses from an organic emitter covering the Terahertz frequency gap,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14394 (2015).
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S. Baierl, J. H. Mentink, M. Hohenleutner, L. Braun, T.-M. Do, C. Lange, A. Sell, M. Fiebig, G. Woltersdorf, T. Kampfrath, and R. Huber, “Terahertz-driven nonlinear spin response of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 197201 (2016).
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S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
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Lee, S.-H.

S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Lee, M. Jazbinšek, C. P. Hauri, and O.-P. Kwon, “Recent progress in acentric core structures for highly efficient nonlinear optical crystals and their supramolecular interactions and terahertz applications,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 18, 7180–7203 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, H. Y. Hwang, X. Li, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and K. A. Nelson, “Tunable multi-cycle THz generation in organic crystal HMQ-TMS,” Opt. Express 23, 22723–22729 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, M. Jazbinšek, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and C. P. Hauri, “Intense, carrier frequency and bandwidth tunable quasi single-cycle pulses from an organic emitter covering the Terahertz frequency gap,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14394 (2015).
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S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
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T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz magnetic resonance spectroscopy of collective spin waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 207204 (2017).
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S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, H. Y. Hwang, X. Li, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and K. A. Nelson, “Tunable multi-cycle THz generation in organic crystal HMQ-TMS,” Opt. Express 23, 22723–22729 (2015).
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Li, Y.-T.

Liu, H.

Liu, M.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
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Lu, J.

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[Crossref]

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz magnetic resonance spectroscopy of collective spin waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 207204 (2017).
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J. Lu, Y. Zhang, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, S. Fleischer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nonlinear two-dimensional terahertz photon echo and rotational spectroscopy in the gas phase,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 11800–11805 (2016).
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J. Lu, H. Y. Hwang, X. Li, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and K. A. Nelson, “Tunable multi-cycle THz generation in organic crystal HMQ-TMS,” Opt. Express 23, 22723–22729 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
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C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7, 720–723 (2013).
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S. Baierl, J. H. Mentink, M. Hohenleutner, L. Braun, T.-M. Do, C. Lange, A. Sell, M. Fiebig, G. Woltersdorf, T. Kampfrath, and R. Huber, “Terahertz-driven nonlinear spin response of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 197201 (2016).
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T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, M. Jazbinšek, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and C. P. Hauri, “Intense, carrier frequency and bandwidth tunable quasi single-cycle pulses from an organic emitter covering the Terahertz frequency gap,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14394 (2015).
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C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, and C. P. Hauri, “GV/m single-cycle terahertz fields from a laser-driven large-size partitioned organic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 213901 (2014).
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T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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Nelson, K. A.

S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz magnetic resonance spectroscopy of collective spin waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 207204 (2017).
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J. Lu, Y. Zhang, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, S. Fleischer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nonlinear two-dimensional terahertz photon echo and rotational spectroscopy in the gas phase,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 11800–11805 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, H. Y. Hwang, X. Li, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and K. A. Nelson, “Tunable multi-cycle THz generation in organic crystal HMQ-TMS,” Opt. Express 23, 22723–22729 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7, 680–690 (2013).
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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
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J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz magnetic resonance spectroscopy of collective spin waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 207204 (2017).
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J. Lu, Y. Zhang, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, S. Fleischer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nonlinear two-dimensional terahertz photon echo and rotational spectroscopy in the gas phase,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 11800–11805 (2016).
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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
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Patthey, L.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
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Pugzlys, A.

Rodriguez, G.

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Rotermund, F.

S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
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Scagnoli, V.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic detection of femtosecond electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 072802 (2008).
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T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic detection of femtosecond electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 072802 (2008).
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Schmüser, P.

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic detection of femtosecond electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 072802 (2008).
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Sell, A.

S. Baierl, J. H. Mentink, M. Hohenleutner, L. Braun, T.-M. Do, C. Lange, A. Sell, M. Fiebig, G. Woltersdorf, T. Kampfrath, and R. Huber, “Terahertz-driven nonlinear spin response of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 197201 (2016).
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M. Shalaby and C. P. Hauri, “Demonstration of a low-frequency three-dimensional terahertz bullet with extreme brightness,” Nat. Commun. 6, 5976 (2015).
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I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3 thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097401 (2012).
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Staub, U.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic detection of femtosecond electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 072802 (2008).
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Sternbach, A.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
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Strikwerda, A. C.

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J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz magnetic resonance spectroscopy of collective spin waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 207204 (2017).
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I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3 thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097401 (2012).
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T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7, 680–690 (2013).
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I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3 thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097401 (2012).
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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
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K.-Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2, 605–609 (2008).
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Tonouchi, M.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3 thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tudu, B.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. J.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vicario, C.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, and C. P. Hauri, “High field broadband THz generation in organic materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1480–1485 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, M. Jazbinšek, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and C. P. Hauri, “Intense, carrier frequency and bandwidth tunable quasi single-cycle pulses from an organic emitter covering the Terahertz frequency gap,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14394 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, and C. P. Hauri, “GV/m single-cycle terahertz fields from a laser-driven large-size partitioned organic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 213901 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.-G.

Wang, X.

Welsch, R.

I. A. Finneran, R. Welsch, M. A. Allodi, T. F. Miller, and G. A. Blake, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz-terahertz-raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 6857–6861 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

West, K. G.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Winter, A.

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic detection of femtosecond electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 072802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wolf, S. A.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woltersdorf, G.

S. Baierl, J. H. Mentink, M. Hohenleutner, L. Braun, T.-M. Do, C. Lange, A. Sell, M. Fiebig, G. Woltersdorf, T. Kampfrath, and R. Huber, “Terahertz-driven nonlinear spin response of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 197201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523–3525 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.-J.

Xia, C.-Y.

Yeh, K.-L.

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express 15, 11706–11713 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K.-L. Yeh, M. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 µ J ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yoon, W.

S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yun, H.

S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zapata, L. E.

Zhang, B.-L.

Zhang, X.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.-C.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523–3525 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

J. Lu, Y. Zhang, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, S. Fleischer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nonlinear two-dimensional terahertz photon echo and rotational spectroscopy in the gas phase,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 11800–11805 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Y.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, C.-Q.

Adv. Mater. (1)

S.-H. Lee, J. Lu, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Han, C.-U. Jeong, S.-C. Lee, X. Li, M. Jazbinšek, W. Yoon, H. Yun, B. J. Kang, F. Rotermund, K. A. Nelson, and O.-P. Kwon, “Benzothiazolium single crystals: A new class of nonlinear optical crystals with efficient the wave generation,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1701748 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523–3525 (1995).
[Crossref]

K.-L. Yeh, M. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 µ J ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cryst. Eng. Comm. (1)

S.-H. Lee, M. Jazbinšek, C. P. Hauri, and O.-P. Kwon, “Recent progress in acentric core structures for highly efficient nonlinear optical crystals and their supramolecular interactions and terahertz applications,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 18, 7180–7203 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. A. Allodi, I. A. Finneran, and G. A. Blake, “Nonlinear terahertz coherent excitation of vibrational modes of liquids,” J. Chem. Phys. 143, 234204 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, and C. P. Hauri, “High field broadband THz generation in organic materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 62, 1480–1485 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Commun. (1)

M. Shalaby and C. P. Hauri, “Demonstration of a low-frequency three-dimensional terahertz bullet with extreme brightness,” Nat. Commun. 6, 5976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

K.-Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2, 605–609 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7, 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Schneider, F. D. J. Brunner, and P. Günter, “Determination of the refractive index over a wide wavelength range through time-delay measurements of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 275, 354–358 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

F. D. Brunner, O.-P. Kwon, S.-J. Kwon, M. Jazbinšek, A. Schneider, and P. Günter, “A hydrogen-bonded organic nonlinear optical crystal for high-efficiency terahertz generation and detection,” Opt. Express 16, 16496–16508 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lu, H. Y. Hwang, X. Li, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and K. A. Nelson, “Tunable multi-cycle THz generation in organic crystal HMQ-TMS,” Opt. Express 23, 22723–22729 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express 15, 11706–11713 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Gäumann, E. J. Rohwer, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, T. Feurer, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “High-energy terahertz pulses from semiconductors pumped beyond the three-photon absorption edge,” Opt. Express 24, 23872–23882 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22, 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X.-J. Wu, J.-L. Ma, B.-L. Zhang, S.-S. Chai, Z.-J. Fang, C.-Y. Xia, D.-Y. Kong, J.-G. Wang, H. Liu, C.-Q. Zhu, X. Wang, C.-J. Ruan, and Y.-T. Li, “Highly efficient generation of 0.2 mJ terahertz pulses in lithium niobate at room temperature with sub-50 fs chirped Ti: sapphire laser pulses,” Opt. Express 26, 7107–7116 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, G. Almasi, I. Z. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large-area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1161–1166 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18, 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz magnetic resonance spectroscopy of collective spin waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Fleischer, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Commensurate two-quantum coherences induced by time-delayed THz fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 123603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3 thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097401 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Baierl, J. H. Mentink, M. Hohenleutner, L. Braun, T.-M. Do, C. Lange, A. Sell, M. Fiebig, G. Woltersdorf, T. Kampfrath, and R. Huber, “Terahertz-driven nonlinear spin response of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 197201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, and C. P. Hauri, “GV/m single-cycle terahertz fields from a laser-driven large-size partitioned organic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 213901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams (1)

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic detection of femtosecond electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 072802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (2)

J. Lu, Y. Zhang, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, S. Fleischer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nonlinear two-dimensional terahertz photon echo and rotational spectroscopy in the gas phase,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 11800–11805 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Finneran, R. Welsch, M. A. Allodi, T. F. Miller, and G. A. Blake, “Coherent two-dimensional terahertz-terahertz-raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113, 6857–6861 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, M. Jazbinšek, S.-H. Lee, O.-P. Kwon, and C. P. Hauri, “Intense, carrier frequency and bandwidth tunable quasi single-cycle pulses from an organic emitter covering the Terahertz frequency gap,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14394 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. De Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

L. R. Dalton, P. Günter, M. Jazbinšek, P. A. Sullivan, and O.-P. Kwon, Organic Electro-Optics and Photonics: Molecules, Polymers and Crystals (Cambridge University, 2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Chemical structure of HMB-TMS. (b) Photograph of a cleaved HMB-TMS crystal. The arrow indicates the crystal polar axis and the cleavage plane is parallel to the paper.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Power absorption coefficients of HMB-TMS crystals (black solid line). (b) Optical group indices at selected wavelengths between 1200 and 1450 nm (red line) and THz refractive indices between 0.5 and 5.5 THz (blue solid line) of HMB-TMS crystals. All the results are averaged data from measurements of two different crystals and the error bar indicates the differences. The THz data represented by dashed lines are below the noise floor. (c) Optimum crystal lengths calculated at the measured pump wavelengths and THz frequencies. Values above 2 mm are saturated in the color coding.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup used for THz generation in HMB-TMS crystals. NIR pulses between 1200 and 1450 nm at 1-kHz repetition rate were incident onto the HMB-TMS crystal in collinear geometry. The generated THz pulses were collimated and focused onto a GaP crystal by a pair of 3-inch diameter parabolic mirrors (PMs) with effective focal lengths of 7 and 3 inches. 800 nm gate pulses were time delayed, attenuated by a half wave-plate (λ/2) and polarizer, and overlapped with the THz pulses at the GaP crystal for electro-optic sampling (EOS).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Peak THz electric field strength measured for HMB-TMS crystals with various thicknesses at each pump wavelength. (b) Single-cycle THz time-domain waveforms generated from the 0.4-mm thick crystal at each pump wavelength measured by EOS. (c) FT amplitude spectra of the THz fields in (b) at each pump wavelength. As the pump wavelength increases, the spectra become broader and the maximum amplitude shifts to higher frequencies.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Peak THz electric field generated by the 0.4-mm HMB-TMS crystal as a function of incident pump pulse energy at 1350 nm. (b) THz pulse energy (black circles) and pump-to-THz energy conversion efficiency (red squares) measured as functions of incident pump pulse energy. (c) THz time-domain waveform with a peak electric field of 0.66 MV/cm generated from the 0.4-mm HMB-TMS crystal. (d) Upper panel shows the THz transmission coefficients of the Teflon sheet used in the experiment. It shows a cut-off frequency at ∼5.5 THz. The data in the shaded area is below the noise floor. Lower panel shows the THz FT amplitude spectrum spanning from 0.1 to 5.4 THz. The bandwidth is largely limited by the Teflon.

Equations (2)

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l gen ( ν , λ , l ) = e α THz ( ν ) l + e 2 α opt ( λ ) l 2 e α opt ( λ ) l α THz ( ν ) l / 2 cos [ π l / l coh ( ν , λ ) ] [ α THz ( ν ) / 2 α opt ( λ ) ] 2 + [ π / l coh ( ν , λ ) ] 2
E THz = λ 2 π n 3 r 41 t GaP L sin 1 ( Δ I I )