Abstract

The quill effect is a laser writing phenomenon in which different fabrication effects occur, depending upon the direction of laser translation. It has not yet, to our knowledge, been studied in the low-loss-waveguide (LLW) writing regime, probably due to its very weak visibility under conventional transmission microscope in that regime. In this report, with the help of adaptive third harmonic generation microscopy, we reveal the quill effect in the LLW writing regime and show its influences on the properties of laser-written photonic integrated components, in terms of polarization-related properties in fused silica and beam-splitting ratios of three-waveguide-coupler in borosilicate glass.

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2018 (2)

J. Zeuner, A. N. Sharma, M. Tillmann, R. Heilmann, M. Gräfe, A. Moqanaki, A. Szameit, and P. Walther, “Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits,” npj Quantum Inf.  4(13), 1–12 (2018).

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

J. Guan, X. Liu, P. S. Salter, and M. J. Booth, “Hybrid laser written waveguides in fused silica for low loss and polarization independence,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4845–4859 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Patel, Y. Svirko, C. Durfee, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct Writing with Tilted-Front Femtosecond Pulses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12928 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Song, Y. Dai, J. Song, H. Ma, X. Yan, and G. Ma, “Femtosecond laser-induced structural difference in fused silica with a non-reciprocal writing process,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(4), 255 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

D. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

C. Corbari, A. Champion, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, Y. Bellouard, and P. G. Kazansky, “Femtosecond versus picosecond laser machining of nano-gratings and micro-channels in silica glass,” Opt. Express 21(4), 3946–3958 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, P. Mataloni, A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, and R. Osellame, “Two-Particle Bosonic-Fermionic Quantum Walk via Integrated Photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 010502 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. S. Salter and M. J. Booth, “Dynamic control of directional asymmetry observed in ultrafast laser direct writing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141109 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (4)

2007 (1)

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Quill”writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1070–1079 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, “Birefringence caused by thermal stress in elliptically deformed core optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(11), 1899–1909 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, “Birefringence and polarization characteristics of single-mode optical fibers under elastic deformations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1041–1051 (1981).
[Crossref]

Adams, D. E.

Arai, A.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Quill”writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[Crossref]

Arai, A. Y.

Backus, S.

Banchi, L.

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bellouard, Y.

Bentivegna, M.

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beresna, M.

Bhardwaj, V. R.

Block, E.

Bongioanni, I.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 566 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Booth, M.

Booth, M. J.

J. Guan, X. Liu, P. S. Salter, and M. J. Booth, “Hybrid laser written waveguides in fused silica for low loss and polarization independence,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4845–4859 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. S. Salter and M. J. Booth, “Dynamic control of directional asymmetry observed in ultrafast laser direct writing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bose, S.

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bovatsek, J.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Quill”writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brakenhoff, G. J.

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bricchi, E.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Quill”writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brod, D. J.

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

Buchleitner, A.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

Caprara, D.

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Champion, A.

Chen, W.-J.

Corbari, C.

Corkum, P. B.

Corrielli, G.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crespi, A.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, P. Mataloni, A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, and R. Osellame, “Two-Particle Bosonic-Fermionic Quantum Walk via Integrated Photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 010502 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 566 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, Y.

H. Song, Y. Dai, J. Song, H. Ma, X. Yan, and G. Ma, “Femtosecond laser-induced structural difference in fused silica with a non-reciprocal writing process,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(4), 255 (2017).
[Crossref]

De Nicola, F.

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
[Crossref]

Débarre, D.

Durfee, C.

A. Patel, Y. Svirko, C. Durfee, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct Writing with Tilted-Front Femtosecond Pulses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12928 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Durfee, C. G.

Eaton, S. M.

Fazio, R.

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
[Crossref]

Flamini, F.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

Franco, M.

Galvão, E. F.

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gecevicius, M.

Geremia, R.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giordani, T.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

Giovannetti, V.

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gräfe, M.

J. Zeuner, A. N. Sharma, M. Tillmann, R. Heilmann, M. Gräfe, A. Moqanaki, A. Szameit, and P. Walther, “Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits,” npj Quantum Inf.  4(13), 1–12 (2018).

Grieve, K.

Guan, J.

Heilmann, R.

J. Zeuner, A. N. Sharma, M. Tillmann, R. Heilmann, M. Gräfe, A. Moqanaki, A. Szameit, and P. Walther, “Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits,” npj Quantum Inf.  4(13), 1–12 (2018).

Herman, P. R.

Hirao, K.

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Quill”writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hnatovsky, C.

Ho, S.

Hongler, M.-O.

Jesacher, A.

Kazansky, P.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Quill”writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kazansky, P. G.

A. Patel, Y. Svirko, C. Durfee, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct Writing with Tilted-Front Femtosecond Pulses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12928 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Corbari, A. Champion, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, Y. Bellouard, and P. G. Kazansky, “Femtosecond versus picosecond laser machining of nano-gratings and micro-channels in silica glass,” Opt. Express 21(4), 3946–3958 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimura, T.

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, “Birefringence caused by thermal stress in elliptically deformed core optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(11), 1899–1909 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, “Birefringence and polarization characteristics of single-mode optical fibers under elastic deformations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1041–1051 (1981).
[Crossref]

Kleinfeld, D.

Li, J.

Liu, X.

Ma, G.

H. Song, Y. Dai, J. Song, H. Ma, X. Yan, and G. Ma, “Femtosecond laser-induced structural difference in fused silica with a non-reciprocal writing process,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(4), 255 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

H. Song, Y. Dai, J. Song, H. Ma, X. Yan, and G. Ma, “Femtosecond laser-induced structural difference in fused silica with a non-reciprocal writing process,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(4), 255 (2017).
[Crossref]

Maiorino, E.

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

Marshall, G. D.

Mataloni, P.

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, P. Mataloni, A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, and R. Osellame, “Two-Particle Bosonic-Fermionic Quantum Walk via Integrated Photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 010502 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 566 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miura, K.

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Quill”writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[Crossref]

Moqanaki, A.

J. Zeuner, A. N. Sharma, M. Tillmann, R. Heilmann, M. Gräfe, A. Moqanaki, A. Szameit, and P. Walther, “Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits,” npj Quantum Inf.  4(13), 1–12 (2018).

Müller, M.

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Ng, M. L.

Osellame, R.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, P. Mataloni, A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, and R. Osellame, “Two-Particle Bosonic-Fermionic Quantum Walk via Integrated Photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 010502 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 566 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patel, A.

A. Patel, Y. Svirko, C. Durfee, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct Writing with Tilted-Front Femtosecond Pulses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12928 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pitsios, I.

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pompili, M.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

Poumellec, B.

Prade, B.

Qiu, J.

D. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rab, A. S.

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramponi, R.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, P. Mataloni, A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, and R. Osellame, “Two-Particle Bosonic-Fermionic Quantum Walk via Integrated Photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 010502 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 566 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rayner, D. M.

Sakai, J.

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, “Birefringence caused by thermal stress in elliptically deformed core optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(11), 1899–1909 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, “Birefringence and polarization characteristics of single-mode optical fibers under elastic deformations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1041–1051 (1981).
[Crossref]

Sakakura, M.

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[Crossref]

Salter, P. S.

J. Guan, X. Liu, P. S. Salter, and M. J. Booth, “Hybrid laser written waveguides in fused silica for low loss and polarization independence,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4845–4859 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. S. Salter and M. J. Booth, “Dynamic control of directional asymmetry observed in ultrafast laser direct writing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sansoni, L.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, P. Mataloni, A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, and R. Osellame, “Two-Particle Bosonic-Fermionic Quantum Walk via Integrated Photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 010502 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 566 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santinelli, A.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sciarrino, F.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, P. Mataloni, A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, and R. Osellame, “Two-Particle Bosonic-Fermionic Quantum Walk via Integrated Photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 010502 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 566 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharafudeen, K. N.

D. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sharma, A. N.

J. Zeuner, A. N. Sharma, M. Tillmann, R. Heilmann, M. Gräfe, A. Moqanaki, A. Szameit, and P. Walther, “Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits,” npj Quantum Inf.  4(13), 1–12 (2018).

Shimotsuma, Y.

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Quill”writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simova, E.

Song, H.

H. Song, Y. Dai, J. Song, H. Ma, X. Yan, and G. Ma, “Femtosecond laser-induced structural difference in fused silica with a non-reciprocal writing process,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(4), 255 (2017).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

H. Song, Y. Dai, J. Song, H. Ma, X. Yan, and G. Ma, “Femtosecond laser-induced structural difference in fused silica with a non-reciprocal writing process,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(4), 255 (2017).
[Crossref]

Spagnolo, N.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

Squier, J.

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Squier, J. A.

Srinivas, S.

Sudrie, L.

Svirko, Y.

A. Patel, Y. Svirko, C. Durfee, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct Writing with Tilted-Front Femtosecond Pulses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12928 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Szameit, A.

J. Zeuner, A. N. Sharma, M. Tillmann, R. Heilmann, M. Gräfe, A. Moqanaki, A. Szameit, and P. Walther, “Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits,” npj Quantum Inf.  4(13), 1–12 (2018).

Tan, D.

D. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taylor, R. S.

Thayil, A.

Tillmann, M.

J. Zeuner, A. N. Sharma, M. Tillmann, R. Heilmann, M. Gräfe, A. Moqanaki, A. Szameit, and P. Walther, “Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits,” npj Quantum Inf.  4(13), 1–12 (2018).

Vallone, G.

L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, P. Mataloni, A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, and R. Osellame, “Two-Particle Bosonic-Fermionic Quantum Walk via Integrated Photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 010502 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 566 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Viggianiello, N.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

Vitek, D. N.

Vitelli, C.

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
[Crossref]

Walschaers, M.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

Walther, P.

J. Zeuner, A. N. Sharma, M. Tillmann, R. Heilmann, M. Gräfe, A. Moqanaki, A. Szameit, and P. Walther, “Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits,” npj Quantum Inf.  4(13), 1–12 (2018).

Watanabe, T.

Wiebe, N.

T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wilson, K. R.

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilson, T.

Withford, M. J.

Yan, X.

H. Song, Y. Dai, J. Song, H. Ma, X. Yan, and G. Ma, “Femtosecond laser-induced structural difference in fused silica with a non-reciprocal writing process,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(4), 255 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, W.

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Quill”writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, Y.

D. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeuner, J.

J. Zeuner, A. N. Sharma, M. Tillmann, R. Heilmann, M. Gräfe, A. Moqanaki, A. Szameit, and P. Walther, “Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits,” npj Quantum Inf.  4(13), 1–12 (2018).

Zhang, H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Quill”writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. S. Salter and M. J. Booth, “Dynamic control of directional asymmetry observed in ultrafast laser direct writing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

H. Song, Y. Dai, J. Song, H. Ma, X. Yan, and G. Ma, “Femtosecond laser-induced structural difference in fused silica with a non-reciprocal writing process,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(4), 255 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, “Birefringence and polarization characteristics of single-mode optical fibers under elastic deformations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1041–1051 (1981).
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J. Sakai and T. Kimura, “Birefringence caused by thermal stress in elliptically deformed core optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(11), 1899–1909 (1982).
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J. Microsc. (1)

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
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Nat. Commun. (3)

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 566 (2011).
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G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4249 (2014).
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I. Pitsios, L. Banchi, A. S. Rab, M. Bentivegna, D. Caprara, A. Crespi, N. Spagnolo, S. Bose, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, and F. Sciarrino, “Photonic simulation of entanglement growth and engineering after a spin chain quench,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1569 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, V. Giovannetti, R. Fazio, L. Sansoni, F. De Nicola, F. Sciarrino, and P. Mataloni, “Anderson localization of entangled photons in an integrated quantum walk,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 322–328 (2013).
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A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, and F. Sciarrino, “Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 545–549 (2013).
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T. Giordani, F. Flamini, M. Pompili, N. Viggianiello, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, R. Osellame, N. Wiebe, M. Walschaers, A. Buchleitner, and F. Sciarrino, “Experimental statistical signature of many-body quantum interference,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 173–178 (2018).
[Crossref]

npj Quantum Inf (1)

J. Zeuner, A. N. Sharma, M. Tillmann, R. Heilmann, M. Gräfe, A. Moqanaki, A. Szameit, and P. Walther, “Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits,” npj Quantum Inf.  4(13), 1–12 (2018).

Opt. Express (8)

J. Guan, X. Liu, P. S. Salter, and M. J. Booth, “Hybrid laser written waveguides in fused silica for low loss and polarization independence,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4845–4859 (2017).
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Y. Bellouard and M.-O. Hongler, “Femtosecond-laser generation of self-organized bubble patterns in fused silica,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6807–6821 (2011).
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C. Corbari, A. Champion, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, Y. Bellouard, and P. G. Kazansky, “Femtosecond versus picosecond laser machining of nano-gratings and micro-channels in silica glass,” Opt. Express 21(4), 3946–3958 (2013).
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D. N. Vitek, E. Block, Y. Bellouard, D. E. Adams, S. Backus, D. Kleinfeld, C. G. Durfee, and J. A. Squier, “Spatio-temporally focused femtosecond laser pulses for nonreciprocal writing in optically transparent materials,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24673–24678 (2010).
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B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1070–1079 (2003).
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W.-J. Chen, S. M. Eaton, H. Zhang, and P. R. Herman, “Broadband directional couplers fabricated in bulk glass with high repetition rate femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11470–11480 (2008).
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S. M. Eaton, H. Zhang, M. L. Ng, J. Li, W.-J. Chen, S. Ho, and P. R. Herman, “Transition from thermal diffusion to heat accumulation in high repetition rate femtosecond laser writing of buried optical waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9443–9458 (2008).
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W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
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Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, P. Mataloni, A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, and R. Osellame, “Two-Particle Bosonic-Fermionic Quantum Walk via Integrated Photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 010502 (2012).
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Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
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Prog. Mater. Sci. (1)

D. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
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Sci. Rep. (1)

A. Patel, Y. Svirko, C. Durfee, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct Writing with Tilted-Front Femtosecond Pulses,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12928 (2017).
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Other (2)

L. B. Jeunhomme, Single-Mode Fiber Optics Principles and Applications (Marcel Dekker, Inc 1990).

J. Guan, X. Liu, A. J. Menssen, and M. J. Booth, Microscopic characterization of laser-written phenomena for component-wise testing of photonic integrated circuits, ” https://arxiv.org/abs/1802.08016 .

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Quill effect in LLW writing regime in fused silica. (a) Measured output polarization state (PSoutput, represented by polarization state ellipse) with respect to that of input (PSinput) (top row); cross-sectional THG images of the three pairs of waveguide (the second row, in false color), which were taken with the same THG microscope settings; ‘ + ’ and ‘-’ denote opposite scan directions; corresponding longitudinal (the third row) and end-facet (bottom row) transmission microscope image. Chip length is 13.3 mm. (b) Measured propagation loss at horizontal (H-polarization) and vertical (V-polarization) polarization; the error bars represent peak-to-valley variation of multiple tests. Before and after cutback the polished chip lengths are 38.3 mm and 13.3 mm respectively. (c) Ratio between measured throughputs of a pair of waveguides at horizontal and vertical polarization; T + and T- represent throughputs of waveguide written in ‘ + ’ and ‘-’ scan directions respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output near field mode profiles of waveguides at horizontal and vertical polarized input light. (a) Recorded near field mode profile images; images were intensity-normalized and in false color; all scale-bars represent 2 µm. (b) Dx/Dy of waveguides; Dx and Dy are diameters of near field of mode profiles in x- and y- axis, where the diameter at the 1/e2 intensity points is used; marked numbers are the Dx/Dy difference between waveguide written in opposite directions and tested in orthogonal polarizations.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Quill effect in Corning EAGLE 2000 glass. (a) Cross-sectional THG images (in false colors) of waveguide written with pulse energy of 110 nJ, scan speed of 0.3 mm/s alongside its transmission microscope image of the end-facet. (b) Transmission microscope end-facet image of the waveguide array written with alternate scan directions at energy of 110 nJ, scan speed of 0.3 mm/s. (c) Close-up THG image of the bottom region of the waveguide array.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 A tritter written in EAGLE 2000 glass. (a) Schematic of tritter. (b) Cross-sectional THG image of a tritter (in false color) written with pulse energy of 85 nJ and scan speed of 2 mm/s; W1, 2, 3 denote waveguide 1, 2, 3, which were written with alternate scan directions represented by ‘ + ’ and ‘-’.

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