Abstract

A new technique is presented to overcome beam size limitation in full field imaging at high brilliance synchrotron sources using specially designed refractive X-ray optics. These optics defocus the incoming beam in vertical direction and reshape the intensity distribution from a Gaussian to a more desirable top-hat-shaped profile at the same time. With these optics X-ray full-field imaging of extended objects becomes possible without having to stack several scans or applying a cone beam geometry in order to image the entire specimen. For in situ experiments in general and for diffraction limited sources in particular this gain in field of view and the optimization of the intensity distribution is going to be very beneficial.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (3)

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, H. Vogt, and J. Mohr, “Simulation of aperture-optimised refractive lenses for hard X-ray full field microscopy,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10880–10889 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller, and J. Mohr, “Chr. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller and J. Mohr, “Polymer compound refractive lenses for hard X-ray nanofocusing,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1764, 020001 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

A. Blanke, B. Wipfler, H. Letsch, M. Koch, F. Beckmann, R. Beutel, and B. Misof, “Revival of Palaeoptera-head characters support a monophyletic origin of Odonata and Ephemeroptera (Insecta),” Cladistics 28(6), 560–581 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. A. Vinokurov, O. A. Shevchenko, and V. G. Tcheskidov, “Variable-period permanent magnet undulators,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 14(4), 040701 (2011).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Nazmov, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Achenbach, and V. Saile, “Fabrication and preliminary testing of X-ray lenses in thick SU-8 resist layers,” Microsyst. Technol. 10(10), 716–721 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

B. Lengeler, C. G. Schroer, B. Benner, A. Gerhardus, T. F. Günzler, M. Kuhlmann, J. Meyer, and C. Zimprich, “Parabolic refractive X-ray lenses,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 119–124 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

A. L. Bogdanov and S. Peredkov, “Use of SU-8 photoresist for very high aspect ratio X-ray lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 53(1-4), 493–496 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

A. Snigirev, V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and B. Lengeler, “A compound refractive lens for focusing high energy X-rays,” Nature 384(6604), 49–51 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, M. Hahn, and W. Graeff, “3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10−4 energy resolution,” Bone Miner. 25(1), 25–38 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

P. C. Johns and M. J. Yaffe, “X-ray characterisation of normal and neoplastic breast tissues,” Phys. Med. Biol. 32(6), 675–695 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

K.-J. Kim, “Brightness, coherence and propagation characteristics of synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 246(1-3), 71–76 (1986).
[Crossref]

Achenbach, S.

V. Nazmov, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Achenbach, and V. Saile, “Fabrication and preliminary testing of X-ray lenses in thick SU-8 resist layers,” Microsyst. Technol. 10(10), 716–721 (2004).
[Crossref]

Banhart, J.

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baumann, J.

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Beckmann, F.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Blanke, B. Wipfler, H. Letsch, M. Koch, F. Beckmann, R. Beutel, and B. Misof, “Revival of Palaeoptera-head characters support a monophyletic origin of Odonata and Ephemeroptera (Insecta),” Cladistics 28(6), 560–581 (2012).
[Crossref]

U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, M. Hahn, and W. Graeff, “3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10−4 energy resolution,” Bone Miner. 25(1), 25–38 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bellet, D.

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

Benner, B.

B. Lengeler, C. G. Schroer, B. Benner, A. Gerhardus, T. F. Günzler, M. Kuhlmann, J. Meyer, and C. Zimprich, “Parabolic refractive X-ray lenses,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 119–124 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beutel, R.

A. Blanke, B. Wipfler, H. Letsch, M. Koch, F. Beckmann, R. Beutel, and B. Misof, “Revival of Palaeoptera-head characters support a monophyletic origin of Odonata and Ephemeroptera (Insecta),” Cladistics 28(6), 560–581 (2012).
[Crossref]

Blandin, J. J.

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

Blanke, A.

A. Blanke, B. Wipfler, H. Letsch, M. Koch, F. Beckmann, R. Beutel, and B. Misof, “Revival of Palaeoptera-head characters support a monophyletic origin of Odonata and Ephemeroptera (Insecta),” Cladistics 28(6), 560–581 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bogdanov, A. L.

A. L. Bogdanov and S. Peredkov, “Use of SU-8 photoresist for very high aspect ratio X-ray lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 53(1-4), 493–496 (2000).
[Crossref]

Boller, E.

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bonse, U.

U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, M. Hahn, and W. Graeff, “3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10−4 energy resolution,” Bone Miner. 25(1), 25–38 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buffière, J. Y.

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bunk, O.

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Burmester, H.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

Busch, F.

U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, M. Hahn, and W. Graeff, “3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10−4 energy resolution,” Bone Miner. 25(1), 25–38 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cloetens, P.

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

David, C.

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Delling, G.

U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, M. Hahn, and W. Graeff, “3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10−4 energy resolution,” Bone Miner. 25(1), 25–38 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiMichiel, M.

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dose, T.

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

Dose, Th.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

Drakopoulos, M.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

Engelhardt, M.

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Feste, S.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

Frehse, F.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

Friedrich, F.

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

Georgi, S.

C. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller, and J. Mohr, “Chr. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller and J. Mohr, “Polymer compound refractive lenses for hard X-ray nanofocusing,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1764, 020001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gerhardus, A.

B. Lengeler, C. G. Schroer, B. Benner, A. Gerhardus, T. F. Günzler, M. Kuhlmann, J. Meyer, and C. Zimprich, “Parabolic refractive X-ray lenses,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 119–124 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Graeff, W.

U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, M. Hahn, and W. Graeff, “3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10−4 energy resolution,” Bone Miner. 25(1), 25–38 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greving, I.

E. Kornemann, O. Márkus, A. Opolka, T. Zhou, I. Greving, M. Storm, C. Krywka, A. Last, and J. Mohr, “Miniaturized compound refractive X-ray zoom lens,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22455–22466 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grünerbel, M.

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Günnewig, O.

U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, M. Hahn, and W. Graeff, “3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10−4 energy resolution,” Bone Miner. 25(1), 25–38 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Günzler, T. F.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Lengeler, C. G. Schroer, B. Benner, A. Gerhardus, T. F. Günzler, M. Kuhlmann, J. Meyer, and C. Zimprich, “Parabolic refractive X-ray lenses,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 119–124 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hahn, M.

U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, M. Hahn, and W. Graeff, “3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10−4 energy resolution,” Bone Miner. 25(1), 25–38 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haibel, A.

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hammel, J. U.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

Hartnig, Ch.

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Herzen, J.

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

Hilger, A.

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hipp, A.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

Hunger, U. T.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

Johns, P. C.

P. C. Johns and M. J. Yaffe, “X-ray characterisation of normal and neoplastic breast tissues,” Phys. Med. Biol. 32(6), 675–695 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Josserond, C.

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kardjilov, N.

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Khokhriakov, I.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.-J.

K.-J. Kim, “Brightness, coherence and propagation characteristics of synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 246(1-3), 71–76 (1986).
[Crossref]

Kluge, M.

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koch, M.

A. Blanke, B. Wipfler, H. Letsch, M. Koch, F. Beckmann, R. Beutel, and B. Misof, “Revival of Palaeoptera-head characters support a monophyletic origin of Odonata and Ephemeroptera (Insecta),” Cladistics 28(6), 560–581 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kohn, V.

A. Snigirev, V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and B. Lengeler, “A compound refractive lens for focusing high energy X-rays,” Nature 384(6604), 49–51 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kornemann, E.

Kottler, C.

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kouznetsov, S.

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

Krywka, C.

E. Kornemann, O. Márkus, A. Opolka, T. Zhou, I. Greving, M. Storm, C. Krywka, A. Last, and J. Mohr, “Miniaturized compound refractive X-ray zoom lens,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22455–22466 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller, and J. Mohr, “Chr. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller and J. Mohr, “Polymer compound refractive lenses for hard X-ray nanofocusing,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1764, 020001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kuhlmann, M.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Lengeler, C. G. Schroer, B. Benner, A. Gerhardus, T. F. Günzler, M. Kuhlmann, J. Meyer, and C. Zimprich, “Parabolic refractive X-ray lenses,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 119–124 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurapova, O.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

Last, A.

E. Kornemann, O. Márkus, A. Opolka, T. Zhou, I. Greving, M. Storm, C. Krywka, A. Last, and J. Mohr, “Miniaturized compound refractive X-ray zoom lens,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22455–22466 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, H. Vogt, and J. Mohr, “Simulation of aperture-optimised refractive lenses for hard X-ray full field microscopy,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10880–10889 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller, and J. Mohr, “Chr. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller and J. Mohr, “Polymer compound refractive lenses for hard X-ray nanofocusing,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1764, 020001 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lehnert, W.

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lengeler, B.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Lengeler, C. G. Schroer, B. Benner, A. Gerhardus, T. F. Günzler, M. Kuhlmann, J. Meyer, and C. Zimprich, “Parabolic refractive X-ray lenses,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 119–124 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Snigirev, V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and B. Lengeler, “A compound refractive lens for focusing high energy X-rays,” Nature 384(6604), 49–51 (1996).
[Crossref]

Letsch, H.

A. Blanke, B. Wipfler, H. Letsch, M. Koch, F. Beckmann, R. Beutel, and B. Misof, “Revival of Palaeoptera-head characters support a monophyletic origin of Odonata and Ephemeroptera (Insecta),” Cladistics 28(6), 560–581 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lottermoser, L.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

Ludwig, W.

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lytaev, P.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maire, E.

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

Manke, I.

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Márkus, O.

E. Kornemann, O. Márkus, A. Opolka, T. Zhou, I. Greving, M. Storm, C. Krywka, A. Last, and J. Mohr, “Miniaturized compound refractive X-ray zoom lens,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22455–22466 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller, and J. Mohr, “Chr. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller and J. Mohr, “Polymer compound refractive lenses for hard X-ray nanofocusing,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1764, 020001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Marschall, F.

C. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller, and J. Mohr, “Chr. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller and J. Mohr, “Polymer compound refractive lenses for hard X-ray nanofocusing,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1764, 020001 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, H. Vogt, and J. Mohr, “Simulation of aperture-optimised refractive lenses for hard X-ray full field microscopy,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10880–10889 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meyer, J.

B. Lengeler, C. G. Schroer, B. Benner, A. Gerhardus, T. F. Günzler, M. Kuhlmann, J. Meyer, and C. Zimprich, “Parabolic refractive X-ray lenses,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 119–124 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Misof, B.

A. Blanke, B. Wipfler, H. Letsch, M. Koch, F. Beckmann, R. Beutel, and B. Misof, “Revival of Palaeoptera-head characters support a monophyletic origin of Odonata and Ephemeroptera (Insecta),” Cladistics 28(6), 560–581 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mohr, J.

E. Kornemann, O. Márkus, A. Opolka, T. Zhou, I. Greving, M. Storm, C. Krywka, A. Last, and J. Mohr, “Miniaturized compound refractive X-ray zoom lens,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22455–22466 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, H. Vogt, and J. Mohr, “Simulation of aperture-optimised refractive lenses for hard X-ray full field microscopy,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10880–10889 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller, and J. Mohr, “Chr. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller and J. Mohr, “Polymer compound refractive lenses for hard X-ray nanofocusing,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1764, 020001 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Nazmov, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Achenbach, and V. Saile, “Fabrication and preliminary testing of X-ray lenses in thick SU-8 resist layers,” Microsyst. Technol. 10(10), 716–721 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

Müller, M.

C. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller, and J. Mohr, “Chr. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller and J. Mohr, “Polymer compound refractive lenses for hard X-ray nanofocusing,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1764, 020001 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

Nazmov, V.

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Nazmov, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Achenbach, and V. Saile, “Fabrication and preliminary testing of X-ray lenses in thick SU-8 resist layers,” Microsyst. Technol. 10(10), 716–721 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ogurreck, M.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opolka, A.

Pahl, R.

U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, M. Hahn, and W. Graeff, “3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10−4 energy resolution,” Bone Miner. 25(1), 25–38 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pantenburg, F.-J.

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

Peredkov, S.

A. L. Bogdanov and S. Peredkov, “Use of SU-8 photoresist for very high aspect ratio X-ray lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 53(1-4), 493–496 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, F.

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Reznikova, E.

V. Nazmov, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Achenbach, and V. Saile, “Fabrication and preliminary testing of X-ray lenses in thick SU-8 resist layers,” Microsyst. Technol. 10(10), 716–721 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

Riesemeier, H.

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Saile, V.

V. Nazmov, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Achenbach, and V. Saile, “Fabrication and preliminary testing of X-ray lenses in thick SU-8 resist layers,” Microsyst. Technol. 10(10), 716–721 (2004).
[Crossref]

Salvo, L.

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schreyer, A.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schröder, W. H.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schroer, C. G.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Lengeler, C. G. Schroer, B. Benner, A. Gerhardus, T. F. Günzler, M. Kuhlmann, J. Meyer, and C. Zimprich, “Parabolic refractive X-ray lenses,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 119–124 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schug, C.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schuster, M.

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shabel’nikov, L.

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shevchenko, O. A.

N. A. Vinokurov, O. A. Shevchenko, and V. G. Tcheskidov, “Variable-period permanent magnet undulators,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 14(4), 040701 (2011).
[Crossref]

Simionovici, A. S.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

Simon, M.

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, H. Vogt, and J. Mohr, “Simulation of aperture-optimised refractive lenses for hard X-ray full field microscopy,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10880–10889 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Snigirev, A.

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Nazmov, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Achenbach, and V. Saile, “Fabrication and preliminary testing of X-ray lenses in thick SU-8 resist layers,” Microsyst. Technol. 10(10), 716–721 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Snigirev, V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and B. Lengeler, “A compound refractive lens for focusing high energy X-rays,” Nature 384(6604), 49–51 (1996).
[Crossref]

Snigireva, I.

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Nazmov, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Achenbach, and V. Saile, “Fabrication and preliminary testing of X-ray lenses in thick SU-8 resist layers,” Microsyst. Technol. 10(10), 716–721 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Snigirev, V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and B. Lengeler, “A compound refractive lens for focusing high energy X-rays,” Nature 384(6604), 49–51 (1996).
[Crossref]

Somogyi, A.

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

Storm, M.

Tcheskidov, V. G.

N. A. Vinokurov, O. A. Shevchenko, and V. G. Tcheskidov, “Variable-period permanent magnet undulators,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 14(4), 040701 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vinokurov, N. A.

N. A. Vinokurov, O. A. Shevchenko, and V. G. Tcheskidov, “Variable-period permanent magnet undulators,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 14(4), 040701 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vogt, H.

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, H. Vogt, and J. Mohr, “Simulation of aperture-optimised refractive lenses for hard X-ray full field microscopy,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10880–10889 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wilde, F.

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

Wipfler, B.

A. Blanke, B. Wipfler, H. Letsch, M. Koch, F. Beckmann, R. Beutel, and B. Misof, “Revival of Palaeoptera-head characters support a monophyletic origin of Odonata and Ephemeroptera (Insecta),” Cladistics 28(6), 560–581 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yaffe, M. J.

P. C. Johns and M. J. Yaffe, “X-ray characterisation of normal and neoplastic breast tissues,” Phys. Med. Biol. 32(6), 675–695 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zabler, S.

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhou, T.

Zimprich, C.

B. Lengeler, C. G. Schroer, B. Benner, A. Gerhardus, T. F. Günzler, M. Kuhlmann, J. Meyer, and C. Zimprich, “Parabolic refractive X-ray lenses,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 119–124 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

AIP Conf. Proc. (2)

C. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller, and J. Mohr, “Chr. Krywka, A. Last, F. Marschall, O. Márkus, S. Georgi, M. Müller and J. Mohr, “Polymer compound refractive lenses for hard X-ray nanofocusing,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1764, 020001 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, J. U. Hammel, F. Beckmann, A. Hipp, L. Lottermoser, I. Khokhriakov, P. Lytaev, Th. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and A. Schreyer, “Micro-CT at the imaging beamline P05 at PETRA III,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 030035 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

I. Manke, Ch. Hartnig, M. Grünerbel, W. Lehnert, N. Kardjilov, A. Haibel, A. Hilger, J. Banhart, and H. Riesemeier, “Investigation of water evolution and transport in fuel cells with high resolution synchrotron x-ray radiography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 174105 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. G. Schroer, M. Kuhlmann, U. T. Hunger, T. F. Günzler, O. Kurapova, S. Feste, F. Frehse, B. Lengeler, M. Drakopoulos, A. Somogyi, A. S. Simionovici, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, C. Schug, and W. H. Schröder, “Nanofocusing parabolic refractive x-ray lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1485–1487 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bone Miner. (1)

U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, M. Hahn, and W. Graeff, “3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10−4 energy resolution,” Bone Miner. 25(1), 25–38 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cladistics (1)

A. Blanke, B. Wipfler, H. Letsch, M. Koch, F. Beckmann, R. Beutel, and B. Misof, “Revival of Palaeoptera-head characters support a monophyletic origin of Odonata and Ephemeroptera (Insecta),” Cladistics 28(6), 560–581 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

F. Marschall, A. Last, M. Simon, M. Kluge, V. Nazmov, H. Vogt, M. Ogurreck, I. Greving, and J. Mohr, “X-ray full field microscopy at 30 keV,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 499, 012007 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (1)

B. Lengeler, C. G. Schroer, B. Benner, A. Gerhardus, T. F. Günzler, M. Kuhlmann, J. Meyer, and C. Zimprich, “Parabolic refractive X-ray lenses,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 9(3), 119–124 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

A. L. Bogdanov and S. Peredkov, “Use of SU-8 photoresist for very high aspect ratio X-ray lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 53(1-4), 493–496 (2000).
[Crossref]

Microsyst. Technol. (1)

V. Nazmov, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Achenbach, and V. Saile, “Fabrication and preliminary testing of X-ray lenses in thick SU-8 resist layers,” Microsyst. Technol. 10(10), 716–721 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. Snigirev, V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and B. Lengeler, “A compound refractive lens for focusing high energy X-rays,” Nature 384(6604), 49–51 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B (1)

L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J. J. Blandin, J. Y. Buffière, W. Ludwig, E. Boller, D. Bellet, and C. Josserond, “X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science,” Nucl. Inst. & Meth. Sect. B 200, 273–286 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. (1)

V. Nazmov, L. Shabel’nikov, F.-J. Pantenburg, J. Mohr, E. Reznikova, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, S. Kouznetsov, and M. DiMichiel, “Kinoform X-ray lens creation in polymer materials by deep X-ray lithography,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 217(3), 409–416 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

K.-J. Kim, “Brightness, coherence and propagation characteristics of synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 246(1-3), 71–76 (1986).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

P. C. Johns and M. J. Yaffe, “X-ray characterisation of normal and neoplastic breast tissues,” Phys. Med. Biol. 32(6), 675–695 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams (1)

N. A. Vinokurov, O. A. Shevchenko, and V. G. Tcheskidov, “Variable-period permanent magnet undulators,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 14(4), 040701 (2011).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

I. Greving, F. Wilde, M. Ogurreck, J. Herzen, J. U. Hammel, A. Hipp, F. Friedrich, L. Lottermoser, T. Dose, H. Burmester, M. Müller, and F. Beckmann, “P05 imaging beamline at PETRA III: first results,” Proc. SPIE 9212, 92120O (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

J. Hsieh, Computed tomography: Principles, design, artefacts, and recent advances (SPIE and John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2009), 2nd edition, ISBN 9780819475336.

J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, and E. Maire, X-ray tomography in material science (Hermes science publications, 2000), ISBN 2 7462–0115–1.

M. A. Fresnel, “Mémoire sur un nouveau système d’éclairage des phares,” l’imprimerie royale, Paris, (1822).

F. M. Dickey, Laser beam shaping: Theory and techniques (CRC, 2014, pp. 367–403), 2nd edition, ISBN: 978–1-4665–6100–7.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Incident Gaussian beam intensity (left) transformed into desired top-hat profile (right).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Example of the local focal length f across the lens’ aperture (D = 0.8 mm, L = 30 m)
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The underlying principle shape of a single element of these beam shaping optics divided in eight slices is shown in (a). The conversion of (a) into a Fresnel-element is indicated in (b), with a constant thickness w in the center of the optics and the inner corner angle β. The structures in (c) and (d) are Fresnel-elements with modified diameter of the innermost zone forming a block structure together with (a). The group of elements (b), (c), (d) forms the smallest building block for the macroscopic lens to homogenize the projected thickness.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 SEM image of a part of an intermediate X ray absorber mask for beam shaper optics fabrication.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Result of the beam shaper profile measurement at PETRA III, P05 with 5x magnification and 2.48 µm virtual pixel size in the scintillator plane. (a): In the center the enlarged beam with a FoV of 5.6 mm in vertical direction and 1.6 mm in horizontal direction (two stacked 800 µm beam shaper optics) and on the left and right side of the enlarged beam the original Gaussian beam with 1.6 mm FWHM. (b): Beam profile changes from original Gaussian like (1, blue) to top-hat like intensity distribution (2, red).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Principle of the CT measurement setup to investigate a sea urchin spine using the requested beam shaping optics to widen the beam from 1.35 mm to 5.6 mm FWHM in vertical direction. Distances were: source to optics 65 m, detector to optics 21 m.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Tomography of a sea urchin spine using the beam shaper setup: absorption image (a) and reconstructed tomographic slice (b) to (d).

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I(x)= I 0 e k x 2 .
c d I(x)dx= I 0 2 π k [ erf( k d)erf( k c) ].
I total = D 2 D 2 I(x)dx= I 0 π k erf( k D 2 ).
I top = I total B = I 0 B π k erf( k D 2 ).
0 d I(x)dx = I 0 2 π k erf( k d )=a I top .
a(d)= B 2 erf( k d ) erf( k D 2 ) .
f(d)= Ld a(d)d .
R=f2δN
z= 1 2R x 2 .

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