Abstract

By using the strong nonlinear effect and ultrafast electronic response of cholesteric liquid crystals (CLC), ultrafast all optical switching between polarization vortex and phase vortex is realized in a system combining CLC and q-plate. The experimental result shows that switching with high modulation depth can be accomplished in less than 1 picosecond. Furthermore, CLC and q-plates will enable compact integrated devices with sub-mm thicknesses.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (6)

C.-H. Yang and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Generation of optical vortices with controllable topological charges,” Proc. SPIE 10125, 10125P (2017).

M. X. Ren, W. Wu, W. Cai, B. Pi, X.-Z. Zhang, and J.-J. Xu, “Reconfigurable metasurfaces that enable light polarization control by light,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(6), e16254 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, K. Kelley, E. Sachet, S. Campione, T. S. Luk, J. Maria, M. B. Sinclair, and I. Brener, “M. B. Sinclair1 and I. Brener, “Femtosecond optical polarization switching using a cadmium oxide-based perfect absorber,” Nat. Photonics 11(6), 390–395 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Sakamoto, Y. Nakamoto, K. Kawai, K. Noda, T. Sasaki, N. Kawatsuki, and H. Ono, “Polarization grating fabricated by recording a vector hologram between two orthogonally polarized vector vortex beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(2), 263–269 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, K. Wei, D. Mao, H. Wang, F. Gao, L. Huang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Generation of femtosecond optical vortex pulse in fiber based on an acoustically induced fiber grating,” Opt. Lett. 42(3), 454–457 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

A. M. Tam, F. Fan, H. S. Chen, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, Y. H. Lin, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanoscopic patterned photo-alignment for electrically switchable liquid crystal Pancharatnam-Berry phase diffractive lens,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 47, 599–601 (2016).

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector Vortex Beam Generation with a Single Plasmonic Metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, Y. Wu, C.-W. Chen, J. Zhou, T.-H. Lin, and I. C. Khoo, “Ultrafast pulse compression, stretching-and-recompression using cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10458–10465 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

L. Cattaneo, M. Savoini, I. Muševič, A. Kimel, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast all-optical response of a nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14010–14017 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Fu, X. Zhu, X. Xie, M. Feng, J. Zhou, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, B. A. Malomed, and G. Kurizki, “Nonlinear light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals with a helical Bragg microstructure,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065609 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (4)

L. Song, S. Fu, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, V. G. Chigrinov, and I. C. Khoo, “Direct femtosecond pulse compression with miniature-sized Bragg cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5040–5042 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 839–854 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, “The q-plate and its future,” J. Nanophotonics 7(1), 078598 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-Scale Orbital Angular Momentum Mode Division Multiplexing in Fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(5), 607–621 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Bianchini, B. Harke, S. Galiani, G. Vicidomini, and A. Diaspro, “Single-wavelength two-photon excitation-stimulated emission depletion (SW2PE-STED) superresolution imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(17), 6390–6393 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

D. P. Ghai, P. Senthikumaran, and R. S. Sirohi, “Single-slit diffraction of an optical beam with phase singularity,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47(1), 123–126 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, “Optically mediated particle clearing using Airy wavepackets,” Nat. Photonics 2(11), 675–678 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

E. J. Galvez, P. R. Crawford, H. I. Sztul, M. J. Pysher, P. J. Haglin, and R. E. Williams, “Geometric Phase Associated with Mode Transformations of Optical Beams Bearing Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

N. J. Cerf, M. Bourennane, A. Karlsson, and N. Gisin, “Security of Quantum Key Distribution Using d-Level Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(12), 127902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alpmann, C.

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 839–854 (2013).
[Crossref]

Arnold, C. B.

M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(5), 607–621 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baumgartl, J.

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, “Optically mediated particle clearing using Airy wavepackets,” Nat. Photonics 2(11), 675–678 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bianchini, P.

P. Bianchini, B. Harke, S. Galiani, G. Vicidomini, and A. Diaspro, “Single-wavelength two-photon excitation-stimulated emission depletion (SW2PE-STED) superresolution imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(17), 6390–6393 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bock, H.

J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bossi, M.

J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bourennane, M.

N. J. Cerf, M. Bourennane, A. Karlsson, and N. Gisin, “Security of Quantum Key Distribution Using d-Level Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(12), 127902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-Scale Orbital Angular Momentum Mode Division Multiplexing in Fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brener, I.

Y. Yang, K. Kelley, E. Sachet, S. Campione, T. S. Luk, J. Maria, M. B. Sinclair, and I. Brener, “M. B. Sinclair1 and I. Brener, “Femtosecond optical polarization switching using a cadmium oxide-based perfect absorber,” Nat. Photonics 11(6), 390–395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

M. X. Ren, W. Wu, W. Cai, B. Pi, X.-Z. Zhang, and J.-J. Xu, “Reconfigurable metasurfaces that enable light polarization control by light,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(6), e16254 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, X.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campione, S.

Y. Yang, K. Kelley, E. Sachet, S. Campione, T. S. Luk, J. Maria, M. B. Sinclair, and I. Brener, “M. B. Sinclair1 and I. Brener, “Femtosecond optical polarization switching using a cadmium oxide-based perfect absorber,” Nat. Photonics 11(6), 390–395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cattaneo, L.

Cerf, N. J.

N. J. Cerf, M. Bourennane, A. Karlsson, and N. Gisin, “Security of Quantum Key Distribution Using d-Level Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(12), 127902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, H. J.

Chen, C.-W.

Chen, H. S.

A. M. Tam, F. Fan, H. S. Chen, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, Y. H. Lin, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanoscopic patterned photo-alignment for electrically switchable liquid crystal Pancharatnam-Berry phase diffractive lens,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 47, 599–601 (2016).

Chen, X.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector Vortex Beam Generation with a Single Plasmonic Metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chigrinov, V. G.

A. M. Tam, F. Fan, H. S. Chen, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, Y. H. Lin, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanoscopic patterned photo-alignment for electrically switchable liquid crystal Pancharatnam-Berry phase diffractive lens,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 47, 599–601 (2016).

L. Song, S. Fu, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, V. G. Chigrinov, and I. C. Khoo, “Direct femtosecond pulse compression with miniature-sized Bragg cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5040–5042 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Córdova-Castro, R. M.

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Crawford, P. R.

E. J. Galvez, P. R. Crawford, H. I. Sztul, M. J. Pysher, P. J. Haglin, and R. E. Williams, “Geometric Phase Associated with Mode Transformations of Optical Beams Bearing Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, G.

Denz, C.

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 839–854 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dholakia, K.

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, “Optically mediated particle clearing using Airy wavepackets,” Nat. Photonics 2(11), 675–678 (2008).
[Crossref]

Diaspro, A.

P. Bianchini, B. Harke, S. Galiani, G. Vicidomini, and A. Diaspro, “Single-wavelength two-photon excitation-stimulated emission depletion (SW2PE-STED) superresolution imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(17), 6390–6393 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Du, T.

A. M. Tam, F. Fan, H. S. Chen, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, Y. H. Lin, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanoscopic patterned photo-alignment for electrically switchable liquid crystal Pancharatnam-Berry phase diffractive lens,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 47, 599–601 (2016).

Duocastella, M.

M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(5), 607–621 (2012).
[Crossref]

Eggeling, C.

J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esseling, M.

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 839–854 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, F.

A. M. Tam, F. Fan, H. S. Chen, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, Y. H. Lin, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanoscopic patterned photo-alignment for electrically switchable liquid crystal Pancharatnam-Berry phase diffractive lens,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 47, 599–601 (2016).

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Feng, M.

Y. Liu, S. Fu, X. Zhu, X. Xie, M. Feng, J. Zhou, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, B. A. Malomed, and G. Kurizki, “Nonlinear light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals with a helical Bragg microstructure,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065609 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fölling, J.

J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, S.

Y. Liu, S. Fu, X. Zhu, X. Xie, M. Feng, J. Zhou, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, B. A. Malomed, and G. Kurizki, “Nonlinear light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals with a helical Bragg microstructure,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065609 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Song, S. Fu, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, V. G. Chigrinov, and I. C. Khoo, “Direct femtosecond pulse compression with miniature-sized Bragg cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5040–5042 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

C.-H. Yang and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Generation of optical vortices with controllable topological charges,” Proc. SPIE 10125, 10125P (2017).

Galiani, S.

P. Bianchini, B. Harke, S. Galiani, G. Vicidomini, and A. Diaspro, “Single-wavelength two-photon excitation-stimulated emission depletion (SW2PE-STED) superresolution imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(17), 6390–6393 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galvez, E. J.

E. J. Galvez, P. R. Crawford, H. I. Sztul, M. J. Pysher, P. J. Haglin, and R. E. Williams, “Geometric Phase Associated with Mode Transformations of Optical Beams Bearing Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, F.

Ge, S.

Gerardot, B. D.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector Vortex Beam Generation with a Single Plasmonic Metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ghai, D. P.

D. P. Ghai, P. Senthikumaran, and R. S. Sirohi, “Single-slit diffraction of an optical beam with phase singularity,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47(1), 123–126 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gisin, N.

N. J. Cerf, M. Bourennane, A. Karlsson, and N. Gisin, “Security of Quantum Key Distribution Using d-Level Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(12), 127902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ha, N. Y.

Haglin, P. J.

E. J. Galvez, P. R. Crawford, H. I. Sztul, M. J. Pysher, P. J. Haglin, and R. E. Williams, “Geometric Phase Associated with Mode Transformations of Optical Beams Bearing Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(20), 203901 (2003).
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Harke, B.

P. Bianchini, B. Harke, S. Galiani, G. Vicidomini, and A. Diaspro, “Single-wavelength two-photon excitation-stimulated emission depletion (SW2PE-STED) superresolution imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(17), 6390–6393 (2012).
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J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
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J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
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S. W. Hell and J. Wichmann, “Breaking the diffraction resolution limit by stimulated emission: stimulated-emission-depletion fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 19(11), 780–782 (1994).
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Huang, H.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-Scale Orbital Angular Momentum Mode Division Multiplexing in Fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

Hwang, J.

Jakobs, S.

J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

Johnson-Morris, B.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
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N. J. Cerf, M. Bourennane, A. Karlsson, and N. Gisin, “Security of Quantum Key Distribution Using d-Level Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(12), 127902 (2002).
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Kawai, K.

Kawatsuki, N.

Kelley, K.

Y. Yang, K. Kelley, E. Sachet, S. Campione, T. S. Luk, J. Maria, M. B. Sinclair, and I. Brener, “M. B. Sinclair1 and I. Brener, “Femtosecond optical polarization switching using a cadmium oxide-based perfect absorber,” Nat. Photonics 11(6), 390–395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Khoo, I. C.

Kimel, A.

Kristensen, P.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-Scale Orbital Angular Momentum Mode Division Multiplexing in Fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurizki, G.

Y. Liu, S. Fu, X. Zhu, X. Xie, M. Feng, J. Zhou, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, B. A. Malomed, and G. Kurizki, “Nonlinear light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals with a helical Bragg microstructure,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065609 (2015).
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Kwok, H. S.

A. M. Tam, F. Fan, H. S. Chen, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, Y. H. Lin, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanoscopic patterned photo-alignment for electrically switchable liquid crystal Pancharatnam-Berry phase diffractive lens,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 47, 599–601 (2016).

Li, J.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector Vortex Beam Generation with a Single Plasmonic Metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1558–1563 (2016).
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Li, Y.

Y. Liu, S. Fu, X. Zhu, X. Xie, M. Feng, J. Zhou, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, B. A. Malomed, and G. Kurizki, “Nonlinear light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals with a helical Bragg microstructure,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065609 (2015).
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Lin, T.-H.

Lin, Y. H.

A. M. Tam, F. Fan, H. S. Chen, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, Y. H. Lin, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanoscopic patterned photo-alignment for electrically switchable liquid crystal Pancharatnam-Berry phase diffractive lens,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 47, 599–601 (2016).

Liu, Y.

Lu, Y.

Luk, T. S.

Y. Yang, K. Kelley, E. Sachet, S. Campione, T. S. Luk, J. Maria, M. B. Sinclair, and I. Brener, “M. B. Sinclair1 and I. Brener, “Femtosecond optical polarization switching using a cadmium oxide-based perfect absorber,” Nat. Photonics 11(6), 390–395 (2017).
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Malomed, B. A.

Y. Liu, S. Fu, X. Zhu, X. Xie, M. Feng, J. Zhou, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, B. A. Malomed, and G. Kurizki, “Nonlinear light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals with a helical Bragg microstructure,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065609 (2015).
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Maria, J.

Y. Yang, K. Kelley, E. Sachet, S. Campione, T. S. Luk, J. Maria, M. B. Sinclair, and I. Brener, “M. B. Sinclair1 and I. Brener, “Femtosecond optical polarization switching using a cadmium oxide-based perfect absorber,” Nat. Photonics 11(6), 390–395 (2017).
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Marrucci, L.

L. Marrucci, “The q-plate and its future,” J. Nanophotonics 7(1), 078598 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mazilu, M.

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, “Optically mediated particle clearing using Airy wavepackets,” Nat. Photonics 2(11), 675–678 (2008).
[Crossref]

Medda, R.

J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mei, T.

Muševic, I.

Nakamoto, Y.

Nasir, M. E.

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nicholls, L. H.

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
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Noda, K.

O’Brien, J. L.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olivier, N.

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ono, H.

Park, B.

Pi, B.

M. X. Ren, W. Wu, W. Cai, B. Pi, X.-Z. Zhang, and J.-J. Xu, “Reconfigurable metasurfaces that enable light polarization control by light,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(6), e16254 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pysher, M. J.

E. J. Galvez, P. R. Crawford, H. I. Sztul, M. J. Pysher, P. J. Haglin, and R. E. Williams, “Geometric Phase Associated with Mode Transformations of Optical Beams Bearing Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramachandran, S.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-Scale Orbital Angular Momentum Mode Division Multiplexing in Fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rasing, T.

Ren, M. X.

M. X. Ren, W. Wu, W. Cai, B. Pi, X.-Z. Zhang, and J.-J. Xu, “Reconfigurable metasurfaces that enable light polarization control by light,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(6), e16254 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-Scale Orbital Angular Momentum Mode Division Multiplexing in Fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rodríguez-Fortuño, F. J.

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sachet, E.

Y. Yang, K. Kelley, E. Sachet, S. Campione, T. S. Luk, J. Maria, M. B. Sinclair, and I. Brener, “M. B. Sinclair1 and I. Brener, “Femtosecond optical polarization switching using a cadmium oxide-based perfect absorber,” Nat. Photonics 11(6), 390–395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sakamoto, M.

Sasaki, T.

Savoini, M.

Senthikumaran, P.

D. P. Ghai, P. Senthikumaran, and R. S. Sirohi, “Single-slit diffraction of an optical beam with phase singularity,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47(1), 123–126 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sinclair, M. B.

Y. Yang, K. Kelley, E. Sachet, S. Campione, T. S. Luk, J. Maria, M. B. Sinclair, and I. Brener, “M. B. Sinclair1 and I. Brener, “Femtosecond optical polarization switching using a cadmium oxide-based perfect absorber,” Nat. Photonics 11(6), 390–395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sirohi, R. S.

D. P. Ghai, P. Senthikumaran, and R. S. Sirohi, “Single-slit diffraction of an optical beam with phase singularity,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47(1), 123–126 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, L.

Sorel, M.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strain, M. J.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sztul, H. I.

E. J. Galvez, P. R. Crawford, H. I. Sztul, M. J. Pysher, P. J. Haglin, and R. E. Williams, “Geometric Phase Associated with Mode Transformations of Optical Beams Bearing Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tam, A. M.

A. M. Tam, F. Fan, H. S. Chen, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, Y. H. Lin, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanoscopic patterned photo-alignment for electrically switchable liquid crystal Pancharatnam-Berry phase diffractive lens,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 47, 599–601 (2016).

Thompson, M. G.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tur, M.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-Scale Orbital Angular Momentum Mode Division Multiplexing in Fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vicidomini, G.

P. Bianchini, B. Harke, S. Galiani, G. Vicidomini, and A. Diaspro, “Single-wavelength two-photon excitation-stimulated emission depletion (SW2PE-STED) superresolution imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(17), 6390–6393 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, B.

Wei, K.

Wen, D.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector Vortex Beam Generation with a Single Plasmonic Metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wichmann, J.

Williams, R. E.

E. J. Galvez, P. R. Crawford, H. I. Sztul, M. J. Pysher, P. J. Haglin, and R. E. Williams, “Geometric Phase Associated with Mode Transformations of Optical Beams Bearing Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willner, A. E.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-Scale Orbital Angular Momentum Mode Division Multiplexing in Fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woerdemann, M.

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 839–854 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. W.

Wu, W.

M. X. Ren, W. Wu, W. Cai, B. Pi, X.-Z. Zhang, and J.-J. Xu, “Reconfigurable metasurfaces that enable light polarization control by light,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(6), e16254 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

Wurm, C. A.

J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wurtz, G. A.

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiang, Y.

Y. Liu, S. Fu, X. Zhu, X. Xie, M. Feng, J. Zhou, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, B. A. Malomed, and G. Kurizki, “Nonlinear light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals with a helical Bragg microstructure,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065609 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, X.

Y. Liu, S. Fu, X. Zhu, X. Xie, M. Feng, J. Zhou, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, B. A. Malomed, and G. Kurizki, “Nonlinear light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals with a helical Bragg microstructure,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065609 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xin, J.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector Vortex Beam Generation with a Single Plasmonic Metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.-J.

M. X. Ren, W. Wu, W. Cai, B. Pi, X.-Z. Zhang, and J.-J. Xu, “Reconfigurable metasurfaces that enable light polarization control by light,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(6), e16254 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
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Yang, C.-H.

C.-H. Yang and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Generation of optical vortices with controllable topological charges,” Proc. SPIE 10125, 10125P (2017).

Yang, J. Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, K. Kelley, E. Sachet, S. Campione, T. S. Luk, J. Maria, M. B. Sinclair, and I. Brener, “M. B. Sinclair1 and I. Brener, “Femtosecond optical polarization switching using a cadmium oxide-based perfect absorber,” Nat. Photonics 11(6), 390–395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, F.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector Vortex Beam Generation with a Single Plasmonic Metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yue, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-Scale Orbital Angular Momentum Mode Division Multiplexing in Fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zayats, A. V.

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.-Z.

M. X. Ren, W. Wu, W. Cai, B. Pi, X.-Z. Zhang, and J.-J. Xu, “Reconfigurable metasurfaces that enable light polarization control by light,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(6), e16254 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Zhou, J.

Zhu, J.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

Y. Liu, S. Fu, X. Zhu, X. Xie, M. Feng, J. Zhou, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, B. A. Malomed, and G. Kurizki, “Nonlinear light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals with a helical Bragg microstructure,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065609 (2015).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector Vortex Beam Generation with a Single Plasmonic Metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Nanophotonics (1)

L. Marrucci, “The q-plate and its future,” J. Nanophotonics 7(1), 078598 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

Y. Liu, S. Fu, X. Zhu, X. Xie, M. Feng, J. Zhou, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, B. A. Malomed, and G. Kurizki, “Nonlinear light propagation in cholesteric liquid crystals with a helical Bragg microstructure,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065609 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

A. M. Tam, F. Fan, H. S. Chen, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, Y. H. Lin, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanoscopic patterned photo-alignment for electrically switchable liquid crystal Pancharatnam-Berry phase diffractive lens,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 47, 599–601 (2016).

Laser Photonics Rev. (2)

M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(5), 607–621 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 839–854 (2013).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

M. X. Ren, W. Wu, W. Cai, B. Pi, X.-Z. Zhang, and J.-J. Xu, “Reconfigurable metasurfaces that enable light polarization control by light,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(6), e16254 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Methods (1)

J. Fölling, M. Bossi, H. Bock, R. Medda, C. A. Wurm, B. Hein, S. Jakobs, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence nanoscopy by ground-state depletion and single-molecule return,” Nat. Methods 5(11), 943–945 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (4)

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, “Optically mediated particle clearing using Airy wavepackets,” Nat. Photonics 2(11), 675–678 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, K. Kelley, E. Sachet, S. Campione, T. S. Luk, J. Maria, M. B. Sinclair, and I. Brener, “M. B. Sinclair1 and I. Brener, “Femtosecond optical polarization switching using a cadmium oxide-based perfect absorber,” Nat. Photonics 11(6), 390–395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

D. P. Ghai, P. Senthikumaran, and R. S. Sirohi, “Single-slit diffraction of an optical beam with phase singularity,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47(1), 123–126 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. J. Galvez, P. R. Crawford, H. I. Sztul, M. J. Pysher, P. J. Haglin, and R. E. Williams, “Geometric Phase Associated with Mode Transformations of Optical Beams Bearing Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. J. Cerf, M. Bourennane, A. Karlsson, and N. Gisin, “Security of Quantum Key Distribution Using d-Level Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(12), 127902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

P. Bianchini, B. Harke, S. Galiani, G. Vicidomini, and A. Diaspro, “Single-wavelength two-photon excitation-stimulated emission depletion (SW2PE-STED) superresolution imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(17), 6390–6393 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

C.-H. Yang and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Generation of optical vortices with controllable topological charges,” Proc. SPIE 10125, 10125P (2017).

Science (2)

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact Optical Vortex Beam Emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-Scale Orbital Angular Momentum Mode Division Multiplexing in Fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley-Interscience, 2002)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of ultrafast switching between (a) phase vortex and (b) polarization vortex.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmission spectrum of CLC probed with right-handed circularly polarized light (blue) and laser spectrum of 230 fs input pulses (red).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup comprising 40 fs laser, 4f-line pulse stretcher, pump–probe optics surrounding CLC, q-plate (q = 0.5) for vortex generation, and single-slit diffraction diagnostic instruments. FM: flat mirror, SM: spherical mirror, BS: beam splitter, VS: variable slit, G: grating, L: convex lens, S: slit, C: CCD camera beam profiler.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Probe transmission at 794 nm as a function of pump intensity.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Intensity ratio between the y- and x-polarized components of the output probe pulses (Iy/Ix) as a function of pump–probe time delay. The minus sign (–) means that the probe pulse arrives at the CLC earlier than the pump pulse.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Single-slit diffraction patterns obtained for different delay times: (a) –200 fs, (b) –70 fs, (c) 0 fs, (d) 35 fs, (e) 70fs, and (f) 200 fs. The minus sign (–) means that the probe pulse arrives at the CLC earlier than the pump pulse.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a,b) Experimental and (c,d) simulated interferograms of output beams from q-plate with linearly polarized plane-wave reference beam: (a,c) without pumping, (b,d) with pumping.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Schematic proposal for a compact device made by integrating CLC onto metasurface for ultrafast vortex switching.

Equations (3)

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α(r,φ)=qφ+ α 0
E out(C) =M E in(C) = E 0 [ cos(2α) sin(2α) sin(2α) cos(2α) ][ 1 i ]= E 0 e j2α [ 1 i ]= E 0 e j2qϕ e j2 α 0 [ 1 i ]
E out(L) =M E in(L) = E 0 [ cos(2α) sin(2α) sin(2α) cos(2α) ][ 1 0 ]= E 0 [ cos(2α) sin(2α) ]= E 0 [ cos(2qϕ+2 α 0 ) sin(2qϕ+2 α 0 ) ]

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