Abstract

We demonstrate a laser diode (LD) end-pumped Er:YAP laser with dual-wavelength outputs of 2710 and 2728 nm. The maximum average powers of 739 and 738 mW are achieved in the continuous wave (CW) and pulse modes, which corresponds to optical-to-optical efficiencies of 10.1% and 12.3%, and the slope efficiencies of 12.1% and 13.8%, respectively. In addition, a comparison of laser performance on differently sized crystals indicates that the 1 × 1 × 5 mm3 Er:YAP crystal has a best cooling efficiency. This helps to decrease the thermal lensing effect, which contributes to improving laser efficiency and beam quality.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  3. W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+: GGG and Er3+/Pr3+: GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

B. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic properties analyses and laser characterization simulation of Er3+, Eu3+: YAP single crystal,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 204, 508–513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

Z. Fang, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, X. Zhao, C. Quan, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Thermal analysis and laser performance of a GYSGG/Cr,Er,Pr:GYSGG composite laser crystal operated at 2.79 μm,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21349–21357 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Impact of co-dopant ions on 2.5–3.0 mm emission of Er3+:4I11/2-4I13/2 transition in Yb,Er,Eu:LaYSGG crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra 167, 76–81 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, S. H. Cao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and spectroscopic investigations of Yb,Ho:YAP and Yb,Ho,Pr:YAP laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 158, 215–219 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2012 (1)

D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, Q. L. Zhang, J. K. Chen, W. P. Liu, H. X. Kang, and S. T. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+: GGG and Er3+/Pr3+: GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1990 (2)

S. A. Pollack and D. B. Chang, “Upconversion-pumped population kinetics for 4113/2 and 4111/2 laser states of Er3+ ion in several host crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22(S1), S75–S93 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. R. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. N. Huang, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, Z. D. Zeng, J. Lu, and Q. J. Ye, “A 2.7 μm Er:YAP laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 17(s1), 60–62 (1990).

1988 (1)

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

G. A. Massey, “Criterion for selection of cw laser host material to increase available power in the fundamental mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(5), 213–215 (1970).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[Crossref]

Cao, S.

Cao, S. H.

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, S. H. Cao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and spectroscopic investigations of Yb,Ho:YAP and Yb,Ho,Pr:YAP laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 158, 215–219 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chang, D. B.

S. A. Pollack and D. B. Chang, “Upconversion-pumped population kinetics for 4113/2 and 4111/2 laser states of Er3+ ion in several host crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22(S1), S75–S93 (1990).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, J. K.

D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, Q. L. Zhang, J. K. Chen, W. P. Liu, H. X. Kang, and S. T. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, M.

Cheng, M. J.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, S. H. Cao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and spectroscopic investigations of Yb,Ho:YAP and Yb,Ho,Pr:YAP laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 158, 215–219 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[Crossref]

Fan, X. W.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z.

Fang, Z. Q.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ganikhanov, F.

Guo, Q.

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

Hu, L. Z.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Huang, C. N.

R. R. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. N. Huang, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, Z. D. Zeng, J. Lu, and Q. J. Ye, “A 2.7 μm Er:YAP laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 17(s1), 60–62 (1990).

Jiang, D. P.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kang, H.

Kang, H. X.

D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, Q. L. Zhang, J. K. Chen, W. P. Liu, H. X. Kang, and S. T. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

B. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic properties analyses and laser characterization simulation of Er3+, Eu3+: YAP single crystal,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 204, 508–513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Impact of co-dopant ions on 2.5–3.0 mm emission of Er3+:4I11/2-4I13/2 transition in Yb,Er,Eu:LaYSGG crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra 167, 76–81 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J. F.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+: GGG and Er3+/Pr3+: GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. J.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. P.

D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, Q. L. Zhang, J. K. Chen, W. P. Liu, H. X. Kang, and S. T. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

R. R. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. N. Huang, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, Z. D. Zeng, J. Lu, and Q. J. Ye, “A 2.7 μm Er:YAP laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 17(s1), 60–62 (1990).

Luo, J.

Luo, J. Q.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, S. H. Cao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and spectroscopic investigations of Yb,Ho:YAP and Yb,Ho,Pr:YAP laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 158, 215–219 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, Q. L. Zhang, J. K. Chen, W. P. Liu, H. X. Kang, and S. T. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, E.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+: GGG and Er3+/Pr3+: GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ma, W. W.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

Maffetone, J. P.

Massey, G. A.

G. A. Massey, “Criterion for selection of cw laser host material to increase available power in the fundamental mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(5), 213–215 (1970).
[Crossref]

Nyga, P.

Peng, F.

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pollack, S. A.

S. A. Pollack and D. B. Chang, “Upconversion-pumped population kinetics for 4113/2 and 4111/2 laser states of Er3+ ion in several host crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22(S1), S75–S93 (1990).
[Crossref]

Quan, C.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Fang, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, X. Zhao, C. Quan, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Thermal analysis and laser performance of a GYSGG/Cr,Er,Pr:GYSGG composite laser crystal operated at 2.79 μm,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21349–21357 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruderman, W.

Shen, H. Y.

R. R. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. N. Huang, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, Z. D. Zeng, J. Lu, and Q. J. Ye, “A 2.7 μm Er:YAP laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 17(s1), 60–62 (1990).

Skorczakowski, M.

Su, L. B.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sun, D.

Sun, D. L.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, S. H. Cao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and spectroscopic investigations of Yb,Ho:YAP and Yb,Ho,Pr:YAP laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 158, 215–219 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, Q. L. Zhang, J. K. Chen, W. P. Liu, H. X. Kang, and S. T. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

Swiderski, J.

Tian, Y.

Tu, C.

B. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic properties analyses and laser characterization simulation of Er3+, Eu3+: YAP single crystal,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 204, 508–513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Impact of co-dopant ions on 2.5–3.0 mm emission of Er3+:4I11/2-4I13/2 transition in Yb,Er,Eu:LaYSGG crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra 167, 76–81 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tu, C. Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+: GGG and Er3+/Pr3+: GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wang, J. Y.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

B. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic properties analyses and laser characterization simulation of Er3+, Eu3+: YAP single crystal,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 204, 508–513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Impact of co-dopant ions on 2.5–3.0 mm emission of Er3+:4I11/2-4I13/2 transition in Yb,Er,Eu:LaYSGG crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra 167, 76–81 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+: GGG and Er3+/Pr3+: GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

Xiao, J. Z.

D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, Q. L. Zhang, J. K. Chen, W. P. Liu, H. X. Kang, and S. T. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Impact of co-dopant ions on 2.5–3.0 mm emission of Er3+:4I11/2-4I13/2 transition in Yb,Er,Eu:LaYSGG crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra 167, 76–81 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, R.

Xu, X. D.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ye, Q. J.

R. R. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. N. Huang, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, Z. D. Zeng, J. Lu, and Q. J. Ye, “A 2.7 μm Er:YAP laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 17(s1), 60–62 (1990).

Yin, S.

Yin, S. T.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, S. H. Cao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and spectroscopic investigations of Yb,Ho:YAP and Yb,Ho,Pr:YAP laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 158, 215–219 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, Q. L. Zhang, J. K. Chen, W. P. Liu, H. X. Kang, and S. T. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

You, Z.

B. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic properties analyses and laser characterization simulation of Er3+, Eu3+: YAP single crystal,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 204, 508–513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Impact of co-dopant ions on 2.5–3.0 mm emission of Er3+:4I11/2-4I13/2 transition in Yb,Er,Eu:LaYSGG crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra 167, 76–81 (2015).
[Crossref]

You, Z. Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+: GGG and Er3+/Pr3+: GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, G. F.

R. R. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. N. Huang, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, Z. D. Zeng, J. Lu, and Q. J. Ye, “A 2.7 μm Er:YAP laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 17(s1), 60–62 (1990).

Zajac, A.

Zeng, R. R.

R. R. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. N. Huang, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, Z. D. Zeng, J. Lu, and Q. J. Ye, “A 2.7 μm Er:YAP laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 17(s1), 60–62 (1990).

Zeng, Z. D.

R. R. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. N. Huang, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, Z. D. Zeng, J. Lu, and Q. J. Ye, “A 2.7 μm Er:YAP laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 17(s1), 60–62 (1990).

Zhang, B.

B. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic properties analyses and laser characterization simulation of Er3+, Eu3+: YAP single crystal,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 204, 508–513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. L.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, S. H. Cao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and spectroscopic investigations of Yb,Ho:YAP and Yb,Ho,Pr:YAP laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 158, 215–219 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Q. L.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, S. H. Cao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and spectroscopic investigations of Yb,Ho:YAP and Yb,Ho,Pr:YAP laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 158, 215–219 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, Q. L. Zhang, J. K. Chen, W. P. Liu, H. X. Kang, and S. T. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

B. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic properties analyses and laser characterization simulation of Er3+, Eu3+: YAP single crystal,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 204, 508–513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, X.

Zhao, X. Y.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L. H.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Improved 2.79 μm continuous-wave laser performance from a diode-end pumped Er,Pr:CaF2 crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 695, 3370–3375 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y. P.

R. R. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. N. Huang, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, Z. D. Zeng, J. Lu, and Q. J. Ye, “A 2.7 μm Er:YAP laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 17(s1), 60–62 (1990).

Zhu, Z.

B. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic properties analyses and laser characterization simulation of Er3+, Eu3+: YAP single crystal,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 204, 508–513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Impact of co-dopant ions on 2.5–3.0 mm emission of Er3+:4I11/2-4I13/2 transition in Yb,Er,Eu:LaYSGG crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra 167, 76–81 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z. J.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+: GGG and Er3+/Pr3+: GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, Q. L. Zhang, J. K. Chen, W. P. Liu, H. X. Kang, and S. T. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

CrystEngComm (1)

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Peng, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, Q. Guo, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+,Tm3+,Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 μm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
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[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, S. H. Cao, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and spectroscopic investigations of Yb,Ho:YAP and Yb,Ho,Pr:YAP laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 158, 215–219 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+: GGG and Er3+/Pr3+: GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra (1)

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Impact of co-dopant ions on 2.5–3.0 mm emission of Er3+:4I11/2-4I13/2 transition in Yb,Er,Eu:LaYSGG crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra 167, 76–81 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
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S. A. Pollack and D. B. Chang, “Upconversion-pumped population kinetics for 4113/2 and 4111/2 laser states of Er3+ ion in several host crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22(S1), S75–S93 (1990).
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Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. (1)

B. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Li, Z. Zhu, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic properties analyses and laser characterization simulation of Er3+, Eu3+: YAP single crystal,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 204, 508–513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Photograph of the Er:YAP crystals and schematic of laser pumped by the ~970 nm LD with CW or pulse modes.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Temperature distribution on the pumped end-faces for different size crystals. (a) 1 × 1 × 5 mm3; (b) 2 × 2 × 5 mm3 ; (c)3 × 3 × 5 mm3.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Thermal focal lengths of three different size crystals as a function of pump power.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Laser output power versus pump power for different size crystals. (a) 973 nm LD pump in CW mode and (b) 962 nm LD pump in pulse mode.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Dependence of laser output power with different transmissions of the output coupler. (a) 973 nm LD in CW mode and (b) 962 nm LD in pulse mode.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Laser output power versus pump power at different repetition rates.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Laser output power versus pump power at different pulse widths.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Beam diameter versus propagation distance for three Er:YAP crystals. (a) 1 × 1 × 5 mm3 crystal; (b) 2 × 2 × 5 mm3 crystal; (c) 3 × 3 × 5 mm3 crystal.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Laser wavelength of the LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of the temperature distribution simulating

Tables Icon

Table 2 Laser parameters of the LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystals with different sizes.

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