Abstract

We demonstrate an all polarization-maintaining (PM) fiber based dual-wavelength mode-locked Er-fiber laser. A nonlinear amplifying loop mirror (NALM) with an intracavity nonreciprocal phase shifter is used for self-started mode-locking. A short segment of PM fiber is angle-spliced to the NALM, functioning as a PM Sagnac loop filter, thus enabling dual-wavelength mode-locking. The wavelength separation is solely determined by the angle-spliced PM fiber length. Stable dual-wavelength mode-locking operation is switchable between 1570/1581 nm and 1581/1594 nm. The two-color pulse trains oscillating in the same cavity have an inherent offset repetition rate of ~1 kHz owing to cavity dispersion, allowing future high precision dual-comb applications with a simple and robust configuration.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (4)

W. Fu, L. G. Wright, P. Sidorenko, S. Backus, and F. W. Wise, “Several new directions for ultrafast fiber lasers [Invited],” Opt. Express 26(8), 9432–9463 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liao, Y. Song, W. Liu, H. Shi, L. Chai, and M. Hu, “Dual-comb spectroscopy with a single free-running thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(8), 11046–11054 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Shi, Y. Song, T. Li, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, and M. Hu, “Timing jitter of the dual-comb mode-locked laser: a quantum origin and the ultimate effect on high speed time- and frequency- domain metrology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1102610 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (7)

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Hu, Y. Pan, X. Zhao, S. Yin, M. Zhang, and Z. Zheng, “Asynchronous and synchronous dual-wavelength pulse generation in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with a mode-locker,” Opt. Lett. 42(23), 4942–4945 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Latiff, N. A. Kadir, E. I. Ismail, H. Shamsuddin, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “All-fiber dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked EDFL by SMF-THDF-SMF structure as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 389, 29–34 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Dual comb generation from a mode-locked fiber laser with orthogonally polarized interlaced pulses,” Opt. Express 25(16), 18592–18602 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Akosman, J. Zeng, P. D. Samolis, and M. Y. Sander, “Polarization rotation dynamics in harmonically mode-locked vector soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1101107 (2017).

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

I. Coddington, N. Newbury, and W. Swann, “Dual-comb spectroscopy,” Optica 3(4), 414–426 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Kim and Y. Song, “Ultralow-noise mode-locked fiber lasers and frequency combs: principles, status, and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 465–540 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, T. Nakamura, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Goda, “Kerr-lens mode-locked bidirectional dual-comb ring laser for broadband dual-comb spectroscopy,” Optica 3(7), 748–753 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Jiang, Y. Cui, P. Lu, C. Li, A. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “All PM fiber laser mode locked with a compact phase biased amplifier loop mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(16), 1786–1789 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Kuse, J. Jiang, C. C. Lee, T. R. Schibli, and M. E. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24(3), 3095–3102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lezius, T. Wilken, C. Deutsch, M. Giunta, O. Mandel, A. Thaller, V. Schkolnik, M. Schiemangk, A. Dinkelaker, A. Kohfeldt, A. Wicht, M. Krutzik, A. Peters, O. Hellmig, H. Duncker, K. Sengstock, P. Windpassinger, K. Lampmann, T. Hülsing, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Space-borne frequency comb metrology,” Optica 3(12), 1381–1387 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

2013 (3)

Y. Lan, Y. Song, M. Hu, B. Liu, L. Chai, and C. Wang, “Enhanced spectral breathing for sub-25 fs pulse generation in a Yb-fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1292–1294 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yun and D. Han, “Evolution of dual-wavelength fiber laser from continuous wave to soliton pulses,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5406–5409 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, H. Yin, J. Liu, Q. Ye, and Z. Fang, “Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-Locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 571–577 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

1996 (1)

Ahmad, H.

A. A. Latiff, N. A. Kadir, E. I. Ismail, H. Shamsuddin, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “All-fiber dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked EDFL by SMF-THDF-SMF structure as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 389, 29–34 (2017).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Akosman, A. E.

A. E. Akosman, J. Zeng, P. D. Samolis, and M. Y. Sander, “Polarization rotation dynamics in harmonically mode-locked vector soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1101107 (2017).

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Dual comb generation from a mode-locked fiber laser with orthogonally polarized interlaced pulses,” Opt. Express 25(16), 18592–18602 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, S.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chai, L.

Chen, J.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cleff, C.

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, N. Newbury, and W. Swann, “Dual-comb spectroscopy,” Optica 3(4), 414–426 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

T. Jiang, Y. Cui, P. Lu, C. Li, A. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “All PM fiber laser mode locked with a compact phase biased amplifier loop mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(16), 1786–1789 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deutsch, C.

Dinkelaker, A.

Dobner, S.

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

Doubek, R.

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

Duncker, H.

Eisenstein, G.

Fang, Z.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, H. Yin, J. Liu, Q. Ye, and Z. Fang, “Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-Locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 571–577 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

Fischer, M.

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fu, W.

Giunta, M.

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Lezius, T. Wilken, C. Deutsch, M. Giunta, O. Mandel, A. Thaller, V. Schkolnik, M. Schiemangk, A. Dinkelaker, A. Kohfeldt, A. Wicht, M. Krutzik, A. Peters, O. Hellmig, H. Duncker, K. Sengstock, P. Windpassinger, K. Lampmann, T. Hülsing, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Space-borne frequency comb metrology,” Optica 3(12), 1381–1387 (2016).
[Crossref]

Goda, K.

Grelu, P.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Han, D.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yun and D. Han, “Evolution of dual-wavelength fiber laser from continuous wave to soliton pulses,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5406–5409 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

Hänsel, W.

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Harun, S. W.

A. A. Latiff, N. A. Kadir, E. I. Ismail, H. Shamsuddin, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “All-fiber dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked EDFL by SMF-THDF-SMF structure as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 389, 29–34 (2017).
[Crossref]

He, M.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hellmig, O.

Holzwarth, R.

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hu, G.

Hu, M.

H. Shi, Y. Song, T. Li, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, and M. Hu, “Timing jitter of the dual-comb mode-locked laser: a quantum origin and the ultimate effect on high speed time- and frequency- domain metrology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1102610 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Liao, Y. Song, W. Liu, H. Shi, L. Chai, and M. Hu, “Dual-comb spectroscopy with a single free-running thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(8), 11046–11054 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lan, Y. Song, M. Hu, B. Liu, L. Chai, and C. Wang, “Enhanced spectral breathing for sub-25 fs pulse generation in a Yb-fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1292–1294 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hülsing, T.

Ideguchi, T.

Ilday, F. Ö.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
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Ismail, E. I.

A. A. Latiff, N. A. Kadir, E. I. Ismail, H. Shamsuddin, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “All-fiber dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked EDFL by SMF-THDF-SMF structure as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 389, 29–34 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

Jiang, T.

T. Jiang, Y. Cui, P. Lu, C. Li, A. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “All PM fiber laser mode locked with a compact phase biased amplifier loop mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(16), 1786–1789 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Kadir, N. A.

A. A. Latiff, N. A. Kadir, E. I. Ismail, H. Shamsuddin, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “All-fiber dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked EDFL by SMF-THDF-SMF structure as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 389, 29–34 (2017).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

J. Kim and Y. Song, “Ultralow-noise mode-locked fiber lasers and frequency combs: principles, status, and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 465–540 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, Y.

Kohfeldt, A.

Krutzik, M.

Kuse, N.

Lampmann, K.

Lan, Y.

Latiff, A. A.

A. A. Latiff, N. A. Kadir, E. I. Ismail, H. Shamsuddin, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “All-fiber dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked EDFL by SMF-THDF-SMF structure as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 389, 29–34 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. C.

Lezius, M.

Li, B.

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Jiang, Y. Cui, P. Lu, C. Li, A. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “All PM fiber laser mode locked with a compact phase biased amplifier loop mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(16), 1786–1789 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, T.

H. Shi, Y. Song, T. Li, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, and M. Hu, “Timing jitter of the dual-comb mode-locked laser: a quantum origin and the ultimate effect on high speed time- and frequency- domain metrology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1102610 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Liao, R.

Lin, B.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Link, S. M.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

Liu, J.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, H. Yin, J. Liu, Q. Ye, and Z. Fang, “Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-Locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 571–577 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

Liu, W.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

Lu, H.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, P.

T. Jiang, Y. Cui, P. Lu, C. Li, A. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “All PM fiber laser mode locked with a compact phase biased amplifier loop mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(16), 1786–1789 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, A.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, H. Yin, J. Liu, Q. Ye, and Z. Fang, “Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-Locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 571–577 (2010).
[Crossref]

Luo, A. P.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using SESAM and cascaded fiber Bragg gratings,” Laser Phys. 21(2), 395–398 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, H. Yin, J. Liu, Q. Ye, and Z. Fang, “Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-Locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 571–577 (2010).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z. C.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using SESAM and cascaded fiber Bragg gratings,” Laser Phys. 21(2), 395–398 (2011).
[Crossref]

Maas, D. J. H. C.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mandel, O.

Mao, D.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Margalit, M.

Mayer, P.

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, T.

Nenadovic, L.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Newbury, N.

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Orenstein, M.

Pan, Y.

Peters, A.

Samolis, P. D.

A. E. Akosman, J. Zeng, P. D. Samolis, and M. Y. Sander, “Polarization rotation dynamics in harmonically mode-locked vector soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1101107 (2017).

Sander, M. Y.

A. E. Akosman, J. Zeng, P. D. Samolis, and M. Y. Sander, “Polarization rotation dynamics in harmonically mode-locked vector soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1101107 (2017).

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Dual comb generation from a mode-locked fiber laser with orthogonally polarized interlaced pulses,” Opt. Express 25(16), 18592–18602 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schibli, T. R.

Schiemangk, M.

Schiller, S.

Schkolnik, V.

Schmid, S.

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sengstock, K.

Shamsuddin, H.

A. A. Latiff, N. A. Kadir, E. I. Ismail, H. Shamsuddin, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “All-fiber dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked EDFL by SMF-THDF-SMF structure as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 389, 29–34 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shi, H.

H. Shi, Y. Song, T. Li, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, and M. Hu, “Timing jitter of the dual-comb mode-locked laser: a quantum origin and the ultimate effect on high speed time- and frequency- domain metrology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1102610 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Liao, Y. Song, W. Liu, H. Shi, L. Chai, and M. Hu, “Dual-comb spectroscopy with a single free-running thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(8), 11046–11054 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shum, P. P.

Sidorenko, P.

Song, Y.

R. Liao, Y. Song, W. Liu, H. Shi, L. Chai, and M. Hu, “Dual-comb spectroscopy with a single free-running thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(8), 11046–11054 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Shi, Y. Song, T. Li, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, and M. Hu, “Timing jitter of the dual-comb mode-locked laser: a quantum origin and the ultimate effect on high speed time- and frequency- domain metrology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1102610 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Kim and Y. Song, “Ultralow-noise mode-locked fiber lasers and frequency combs: principles, status, and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 465–540 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Lan, Y. Song, M. Hu, B. Liu, L. Chai, and C. Wang, “Enhanced spectral breathing for sub-25 fs pulse generation in a Yb-fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1292–1294 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinmetz, T.

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swann, W.

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, Y.

Thaller, A.

Waldburger, D.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, A.

T. Jiang, Y. Cui, P. Lu, C. Li, A. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “All PM fiber laser mode locked with a compact phase biased amplifier loop mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(16), 1786–1789 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

H. Shi, Y. Song, T. Li, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, and M. Hu, “Timing jitter of the dual-comb mode-locked laser: a quantum origin and the ultimate effect on high speed time- and frequency- domain metrology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1102610 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Lan, Y. Song, M. Hu, B. Liu, L. Chai, and C. Wang, “Enhanced spectral breathing for sub-25 fs pulse generation in a Yb-fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1292–1294 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. J.

Wei, X.

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wei, Y.

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wicht, A.

Wilken, T.

Windpassinger, P.

Wise, F. W.

Wong, K. K. Y.

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wright, L. G.

Wu, X.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, W.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, H. Yin, J. Liu, Q. Ye, and Z. Fang, “Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-Locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 571–577 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using SESAM and cascaded fiber Bragg gratings,” Laser Phys. 21(2), 395–398 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

Yang, X.

Yao, X.

Yasui, T.

Ye, Q.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, H. Yin, J. Liu, Q. Ye, and Z. Fang, “Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-Locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 571–577 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yin, H.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, H. Yin, J. Liu, Q. Ye, and Z. Fang, “Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-Locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 571–577 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yin, S.

Yu, X.

Yu, Y.

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yun, L.

L. Yun and D. Han, “Evolution of dual-wavelength fiber laser from continuous wave to soliton pulses,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5406–5409 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, C.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, J.

A. E. Akosman, J. Zeng, P. D. Samolis, and M. Y. Sander, “Polarization rotation dynamics in harmonically mode-locked vector soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1101107 (2017).

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, M.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

T. Jiang, Y. Cui, P. Lu, C. Li, A. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “All PM fiber laser mode locked with a compact phase biased amplifier loop mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(16), 1786–1789 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B.

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, X.

Zheng, Z.

Zhu, J.

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

J. Kim and Y. Song, “Ultralow-noise mode-locked fiber lasers and frequency combs: principles, status, and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 465–540 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

W. Hänsel, H. Hoogland, M. Giunta, S. Schmid, T. Steinmetz, R. Doubek, P. Mayer, S. Dobner, C. Cleff, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “All polarization-maintaining fiber laser architecture for robust femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 41 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. Shi, Y. Song, T. Li, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, and M. Hu, “Timing jitter of the dual-comb mode-locked laser: a quantum origin and the ultimate effect on high speed time- and frequency- domain metrology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1102610 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. E. Akosman, J. Zeng, P. D. Samolis, and M. Y. Sander, “Polarization rotation dynamics in harmonically mode-locked vector soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1101107 (2017).

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, H. Yin, J. Liu, Q. Ye, and Z. Fang, “Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-Locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 571–577 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Jiang, Y. Cui, P. Lu, C. Li, A. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “All PM fiber laser mode locked with a compact phase biased amplifier loop mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(16), 1786–1789 (2016).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using SESAM and cascaded fiber Bragg gratings,” Laser Phys. 21(2), 395–398 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. A. Latiff, N. A. Kadir, E. I. Ismail, H. Shamsuddin, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “All-fiber dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked EDFL by SMF-THDF-SMF structure as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 389, 29–34 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Yun and D. Han, “Evolution of dual-wavelength fiber laser from continuous wave to soliton pulses,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5406–5409 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Jiang, X. Yang, and J. Zhu, “Switchable, dual-wavelength passively mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser based on a single-wall carbon nanotube modelocker and intracavity loss tuning,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1168–1173 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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N. Kuse, J. Jiang, C. C. Lee, T. R. Schibli, and M. E. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24(3), 3095–3102 (2016).
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Sci. Rep. (1)

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Other (2)

Y. Nakajima, Y. Hata, and K. Minoshima, “All-polarization-maintaining dual-comb fiber laser with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” in CLEO 2018, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper STu4K.4.

R. Wang, X. Zhao, W. Bai, J. Chen, Y. Pan, and Z. Zheng, “Polarization-maintaining, dual-wavelength, dual-comb mode-locked fiber laser,” in CLEO 2018, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper JTh2A.139.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Experimental setup. COL: collimator; EDF: Erbium-doped fiber; FR: Faraday rotator; HWP: half-wave plate; M: mirror; PBS: polarization beam splitter; QWP: quarter-wave plate; WDM: wavelength division multiplexer. (b) Working principle of the Sagnac loop filter. (c) Intra-cavity wavelength-dependent filter transmission curves with different modulation depths at different phase bias provided by nonreciprocal phase shifter.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output characterization of the single-wavelength mode-locked fiber laser. (a) Normalized optical spectra with switchable wavelengths. (b) RF spectra from output Port 1 at 100 Hz RBW when the laser is mode-locked at 1570 nm (magenta curve), 1581 nm (red curve) and 1594 nm (blue curve).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Optical spectra of dual-wavelength mode-locking at 1570 nm and 1581 nm within 90 min. (b) Corresponding RF spectrum at 100 Hz RBW. (c) The repetition rate difference fluctuations within 90 min.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The walk-off between the two pulse trains.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Optical spectra of dual-wavelength mode-locking at 1581 nm and 1594 nm within 90 min. (b) Corresponding RF spectrum at 100 Hz RBW. The two main peaks correspond to pulse trains mode-locked at 1581 nm and 1594 nm, respectively. (c) The repetition rate difference fluctuations within 90 min.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Output parameters when the laser mode-locked at different wavelengths.

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Table 2 Jones matrices of optical elements

Equations (4)

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T= ( sin2 θ 2 sin2βcos2 φ 1 cos2 θ 2 cos2β ) 2 + ( sin2 θ 1 sin2βsin2 φ 1 ) 2 , φ 1 =πB L 1 /λ
E cw =[ E cwx E cwy ]= J PS ( θ 1 θ 2 )× J PMF1 ( φ 1 )× J rotate ( β )× J PMF2 ( φ 2 )× J R ×[ 0 1 1 0 ]× J T × J PMF2 ( φ 2 ) × J rotate ( β )× J PMF1 ( φ 1 )× J PS ( θ 1 + θ 2 )× E 1 E ccw =[ E ccwx E ccwy ]= J PS ( θ 1 θ 2 )× J PMF1 ( φ 1 )× J rotate ( β )× J PMF2 ( φ 2 )× J T ×[ 0 1 1 0 ]× J R × J PMF2 ( φ 2 ) × J rotate ( β )× J PMF1 ( φ 1 )× J PS ( θ 1 + θ 2 )× E 1
E 1 ' = J T ×( E cw + E ccw ), E 2 ' = J R ×( E cw + E ccw )
T= | E 1 ' | 2 / | E 1 | 2 = ( sin2 θ 2 sin2βcos2 φ 1 cos2 θ 2 cos2β ) 2 + ( sin2 θ 1 sin2βsin2 φ 1 ) 2 R= | E 2 ' | 2 / | E 1 | 2 =1T, φ 1 =πB L 1 /λ

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